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Physical Techniques In The Study Of Art Archaeology And Cultural Heritage

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Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Dudley Creagh,David Bradley
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780444528568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5.-

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2006-09-05
ISBN : 9780444521316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first of its kind, this series is devoted to the use of physical principles in the study and scientific conservation of objects with cultural heritage significance. It begins with a review of the modern museum, which discusses new techniques employed in the conservation of museum artifacts such as X-ray tomography and other techniques used to study Egyptian mummies, bones and mineralization of bones in the archaeological context, and the degradation of parchment. All of these topics and techniques are essential for the preservation of our history. This includes finding ways to preserve parchment documents and letters, which much of our written heritage is documented on, so that it can be used and understood for generations to come. This book is a must have for any museum as well as any university that teaches or employs the techniques discussed. Written in a style that is readily understandable by conservation scientists, archaeologists, museum curators, and students Provides an introduction to the advanced fields of synchrotron radiation science, neutron science, and computed tomography Outstanding review of the use of modern technology to study museum and archaeological artifacts Offers solutions through advanced scientific techniques to a wide range of problems facing museum staff

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Physical Techniques in the Study of Art  Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-07-06
ISBN : 9780080548814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Chapter 1 Dudley Creagh writes on "synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies". Loic Bertrand has written in Chapter 2 on synchrotron imaging for archaeology and art history, conservation, and palaeontology. Dr. Bertrand is Archaeology and cultural heritage officer at the new French synchrotron, Synchrotron Soleil (Orme les Mesuriers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). He is charged with the task of raising the awareness of cultural heritage scientists to the use of synchrotron radiation for their research. Chapter 3 has been written by Ivan Cole and his associates Dr David Paterson and Deborah Lau. This is concerned with the holistic modelling of gas and aerosol deposition and the degradation of cultural objects. Dr. Cole is Deputy Chief of the Novel Materials and Processes Division of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Melbourne, Australia). He has over twenty years experience in involvement in projects concerned with the preservation of cultural heritage. Ivan is an internationally recognized leader in the field of the life cycle of materials and the development of protective coatings for metals. In Chapter 4, Giovanna Di Pietro describes two different types of experiments she has undertaken in the study of the mechanisms underlying the degradation of photographic media. In the first Dr. Di Pietro describes the degradation of old back-and-white plate. In the second she outlines her attempts to understand the mechanisms by which comparatively modern motion picture film degrades. A significant part of this project involved trying to ascertain exactly what dyes were used by Kodak in their motion picture film from about 1980 onwards. An entirely new technique for the remote investigation of the pigments in paintings is presented by Maria Kubik in Chapter 5. This technique will significantly enhance the ability of conservators to study the palette of pigments used by artists, check for repairs by others, and detect fraudulent paintings. · Demonstrates the amazing efforts being made in using physical techniques for the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage · Provides succinct accounts of how cultural heritage is being preserved. · Looks at how science is being used to enrich our knowledge of the creative arts

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Gilberto Artioli
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-07-08
ISBN : 0199548269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artioli provides an introduction to the methods and rationales of the scientific investigation of cultural heritage materials, with an emphasis placed on the analytical strategies, modes of operation and resulting information rather than on technicalities.

Science for Cultural Heritage

Science for Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Claudio Tuniz
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9814307076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of the conference was to discuss the contribution of physics and other sciences in archaeological research and in the preservation of cultural heritage. Considering that the mission of ECSAC is to promote the interaction among the diverse cultures of the peoples from the lands on the Adriatic and Ionian seas, it is apt that the major themes were related to the rich history and pre-history of this region - from Greek-Roman archaeology on the eastern Adriatic coasts to the palaeoanthropology of the Neanderthals of the Vindija caves in Croatia, from the Roman city of Aquileia to the pleistocenic cave of Homo heidelbergensis in the Karst of Visogliano (Trieste), from the Roman ship Julia Felix of the Grado lagoon to the ancient bronze Apoxyomenos of the Veli Losinj waters. A variety of scientific disciplines provide tools and methods that are crucial in reconstructing humanity's past and in preserving material remains that witness the evolution of human culture. Geology reconstructs the history of terrestrial environments, critical for the evolution and dispersal of humans. Chemistry explains reactions that modify materials left by human activities, including the destructive effects of pollution. Biology has a critical role in archaeology, particularly with the recent advance in analysis of DNA in ancient organic materials.

Bridging Science and Heritage in the Balkans Studies in Archaeometry and Cultural Heritage Restoration and Conservation

Bridging Science and Heritage in the Balkans  Studies in Archaeometry and Cultural Heritage Restoration and Conservation Book
Author : Nona Palincas,Corneliu C. Ponta
Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Release : 2019-03-31
ISBN : 1789691974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a period when the study of archaeological remains is enriched through new methods derived from the natural sciences and when there is general agreement on the need for more investment in the study, restoration and conservation of the tangible cultural heritage, this book presents contributions to these fields from South-Eastern Europe.

Handbook of Particle Detection and Imaging

Handbook of Particle Detection and Imaging Book
Author : Claus Grupen,Irène Buvat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-08
ISBN : 3642132715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The handbook centers on detection techniques in the field of particle physics, medical imaging and related subjects. It is structured into three parts. The first one is dealing with basic ideas of particle detectors, followed by applications of these devices in high energy physics and other fields. In the last part the large field of medical imaging using similar detection techniques is described. The different chapters of the book are written by world experts in their field. Clear instructions on the detection techniques and principles in terms of relevant operation parameters for scientists and graduate students are given.Detailed tables and diagrams will make this a very useful handbook for the application of these techniques in many different fields like physics, medicine, biology and other areas of natural science.

Spectroscopy Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science

Spectroscopy  Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science Book
Author : Mieke Adriaens,Mark Dowsett
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-03
ISBN : 0128188618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spectroscopy, Diffraction and Tomography in Art and Heritage Science gives an overview of the main spectroscopy and diffraction techniques currently available for cultural heritage research. It starts with an introductory, general discussion of spectroscopy and diffraction and the kinds of information they can give. Further sections deal with, respectively, typical laboratory methods, mobile equipment, and large-scale instruments and infrastructural methods. The work concludes with comments on combining and comparing multiple techniques, sources of error, and limitations of the analytical methods. Explains spectroscopy and diffraction techniques in detail, yet remains accessible to those without a chemistry or physics background Provides explanations of commonly used terms, such as destructive, non-destructive, non-invasive, in-situ, and ex-situ, and their sometimes-misleading origins Includes real-world examples that demonstrate how each technique is used in the field Highlights the complementary use of different analytical techniques in fully interpreting the data

Art Architecture in Ancient Rome

Art   Architecture in Ancient Rome Book
Author : David Soren,Archer Martin
Publisher : Midnight Marquee & BearManor Media
Release : 2021-09-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classical archaeology was long equated to ancient art history. Today these fields find themselves at a major crossroads. The influence on them—from the discipline of anthropology—has increased substantially in the past 15 years, adding to the ways in which scholars can study the Roman past. The classical archaeologist of the 21st century is likely to be versed in Greek and Latin, computer technology, ancient history, great monuments, various hard sciences such as physics or even astronomy, GPS, GIS, surveying, mapping, digitizing, artistic rendering, numismatics, geo-science, astronomy, environmental studies, material culture analysis and/or a host of other disciplines and sub-disciplines.Universities are seeking specialists whose talents embrace not one but several different fields of research. It is not necessary for each scholar to know everything about each discipline being used within the fields of art history, classical archaeology and anthropology, but these days a basic knowledge of all relevant disciplines is becoming indispensable. This book will layout the basic information and steps necessary to take the beginning archaeologist’s search for knowledge of the past and lead them to adventures of the future.

Analytical Archaeometry

Analytical Archaeometry Book
Author : Howell Edwards,Peter Vandenabeele
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-01-13
ISBN : 1782626247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Archaeometry describes this interesting and challenging field of research - on the border between natural sciences (chemistry, spectroscopy, biology, geology) and humanities (archaeology, (art-)history, conservation sciences). It fills the gap between these two areas whilst focussing on the analytical aspects of this research field. The first part of the book studies the main analytical techniques used in this research field. The second part expands from the different types of materials usually encountered, and the final part is organised around a series of typical research questions. The book is not only focussed on archaeological materials, but is also accessible to a broader lay audience. Overall the book is clearly structured and gives insight into different approaches to the study of analytical providing extensive discussion on a wide range of techniques, materials, questions and applications. Due to the advances in analytical instrumentation and applications in this field, it is important to have all this information merged together. Academics as well as professionals in archaeology, art history, museum labs and conservation science will find this an invaluable reference source ensuring the reader is provided with the latest progress in this research field.

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis Book
Author : Alice M. W. Hunt
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-12-01
ISBN : 0191503754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis draws together topics and methodologies essential for the socio-cultural, mineralogical, and geochemical analysis of archaeological ceramic. Ceramic is one of the most complex and ubiquitous archaeomaterials in the archaeological record: it occurs around the world and through time in almost every culture and context, from building materials and technological installations to utilitarian wares and votive figurines. For more than 100 years, archaeologists have used ceramic analysis to answer complex questions about economy, subsistence, technological innovation, social organization, and dating. The volume is structured around the themes 'Research design and data analysis', 'Foundational concepts', 'Evaluating ceramic provenance', 'Investigating ceramic manufacture', 'Assessing vessel function', and 'Dating ceramic assemblages'. It provides a common vocabulary and offers practical tools and guidelines for ceramic analysis using techniques and methodologies ranging from network analysis and typology to rehydroxylation dating and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Each chapter provides the theoretical background and practical guidelines, such as cost and destructiveness of analysis, for each technique, as well as detailed case studies illustrating the application and interpretation of analytical data for answering anthropological questions.

Analytical Strategies for Cultural Heritage Materials and their Degradation

Analytical Strategies for Cultural Heritage Materials and their Degradation Book
Author : Juan Manuel Madariaga
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-01-08
ISBN : 178801524X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviewing the analytical strategies used in the study of cultural heritage assets, this book pays particular attention to analytical methodology and ensuring reliable results are obtained for those working in conservation practice.

CAA2014 21st Century Archaeology

CAA2014  21st Century Archaeology Book
Author : F. Giligny,F. Djindjian,L. Costa
Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Release : 2015-03-31
ISBN : 1784911011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together a selection of papers proposed for the Proceedings of the 42nd Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology conference (CAA), hosted at Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne University from 22nd to 25th April 2014.

A Handbook of Nuclear Applications in Humans Lives

A Handbook of Nuclear Applications in Humans    Lives Book
Author : Farshid Tabbakh
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2019-12-10
ISBN : 1527544516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Without using nuclear technology, today’s societies would not be as developed as they are. Increasing public knowledge about the countless advantages of this technology not only improves people’s health, but also it significantly provides economic growth for the whole society. This handbook provides a full, comprehensive introduction to the applications of nuclear technology. It details the usage of nuclear technology in every aspect of life, including in various different industries, medicine and health, art and cultural heritage, and security and forensics.

The Materiality of Texts from Ancient Egypt

The Materiality of Texts from Ancient Egypt Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2019-11-07
ISBN : 9004375279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Materiality of Texts from Ancient Egypt offers nine articles with new approaches to the material aspects of writing, writing supports, and scribal practice from Pharaonic to Late Antique Egypt. Case studies include Greek and Egyptian papyri and ostraca, inscriptions and graffiti. (40w)

Phase Contrast and Dark Field Imaging

Phase Contrast and Dark Field Imaging Book
Author : Simon Zabler
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-01-08
ISBN : 3038972843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Phase-Contrast and Dark-Field Imaging" that was published in J. Imaging

X Ray Absorption and X Ray Emission Spectroscopy

X Ray Absorption and X Ray Emission Spectroscopy Book
Author : Jeroen A. van Bokhoven,Carlo Lamberti
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-21
ISBN : 1118844238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last two decades, remarkable and often spectacular progress has been made in the methodological and instrumental aspects of x–ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. This progress includes considerable technological improvements in the design and production of detectors especially with the development and expansion of large-scale synchrotron reactors All this has resulted in improved analytical performance and new applications, as well as in the perspective of a dramatic enhancement in the potential of x–ray based analysis techniques for the near future. This comprehensive two-volume treatise features articles that explain the phenomena and describe examples of X–ray absorption and emission applications in several fields, including chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis, amorphous and liquid systems, synchrotron radiation, and surface phenomena. Contributors explain the underlying theory, how to set up X–ray absorption experiments, and how to analyze the details of the resulting spectra. X-Ray Absorption and X-ray Emission Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications: Combines the theory, instrumentation and applications of x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies which offer unique diagnostics to study almost any object in the Universe. Is the go-to reference book in the subject for all researchers across multi-disciplines since intense beams from modern sources have revolutionized x-ray science in recent years Is relevant to students, postdocurates and researchers working on x-rays and related synchrotron sources and applications in materials, physics, medicine, environment/geology, and biomedical materials

Ion Beam Analysis

Ion Beam Analysis Book
Author : Michael Nastasi,James W. Mayer,Yongqiang Wang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-08-27
ISBN : 1439846383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ion Beam Analysis: Fundamentals and Applications explains the basic characteristics of ion beams as applied to the analysis of materials, as well as ion beam analysis (IBA) of art/archaeological objects. It focuses on the fundamentals and applications of ion beam methods of materials characterization. The book explains how ions interact with solids and describes what information can be gained. It starts by covering the fundamentals of ion beam analysis, including kinematics, ion stopping, Rutherford backscattering, channeling, elastic recoil detection, particle induced x-ray emission, and nuclear reaction analysis. The second part turns to applications, looking at the broad range of potential uses in thin film reactions, ion implantation, nuclear energy, biology, and art/archaeology. Examines classical collision theory Details the fundamentals of five specific ion beam analysis techniques Illustrates specific applications, including biomedicine and thin film analysis Provides examples of ion beam analysis in traditional and emerging research fields Supplying readers with the means to understand the benefits and limitations of IBA, the book offers practical information that users can immediately apply to their own work. It covers the broad range of current and emerging applications in materials science, physics, art, archaeology, and biology. It also includes a chapter on computer applications of IBA.

Arabian Drugs in Medieval Mediterranean Medicine

Arabian Drugs in Medieval Mediterranean Medicine Book
Author : Zohar Amar
Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 0748697829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the impact of drugs introduced by the Arabs on medieval Mediterranean medicineFor more than one thousand years Arab medicine held sway in the ancient world, from the shores of Spain in the West to China, India and Sri Lanka (Ceylon) in the East. This book explores the impact of Greek (as well as Indian and Persian) medical heritage on the evolution of Arab medicine and pharmacology, investigating it from the perspective of materia medica a reliable indication of the contribution of this medical legacy.Focusing on the main substances introduced and traded by the Arabs in the medieval Mediterranean including Ambergris, camphor, musk, myrobalan, nutmeg, sandalwood and turmeric the authors show how they enriched the existing inventory of drugs influenced by Galenic-Arab pharmacology. Further, they look at how these substances merged with the development and distribution of new technologies and industries that evolved in the Middle Ages such as textiles, paper, dyeing and tanning, and with the new trends, demands and fashions regarding spices, perfumes, ornaments (gemstones) and foodstuffs some of which can be found in our modern-day food basket.Key FeaturesAssesses the assimilation of theoretical and practical Greek, Indian and Persian medicine into Arabic medical cultureReconstructs and presents a list of medicinal substances distributed by the Arabs as a result of their conquestsTells the stories of 33 new Arabic drugs within the context of their natural historyDescribes the contribution of the Arabs to the daily medieval cultural material (medicine, cosmetics, perfumery, dyeing of materials, industrial products and precious stones)Includes 35 colour illustrations