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Physical Properties And Applications Of Polymer Nanocomposites

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Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : S C Tjong,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-10-29
ISBN : 0857090240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer nanocomposites are polymer matrices reinforced with nano-scale fillers. This new class of composite materials has shown improved mechanical and physical properties. The latter include enhanced optical, electrical and dielectric properties. This important book begins by examining the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites, then reviews their diverse applications. Part one focuses on polymer/nanoparticle composites, their synthesis, optical properties and electrical conductivity. Part two describes the electrical, dielectric and thermal behaviour of polymer/nanoplatelet composites, whilst polymer/nanotube composites are the subject of Part three. The processing and industrial applications of these nanocomposite materials are discussed in Part four, including uses in fuel cells, bioimaging and sensors as well as the manufacture and applications of electrospun polymer nanocomposite fibers, nanostructured transition metal oxides, clay nanofiller/epoxy nanocomposites, hybrid epoxy-silica-rubber nanocomposites and other rubber-based nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites: Physical properties and applications is a valuable reference tool for both the research community and industry professionals wanting to learn about the these materials and their applications in such areas as fuel cell, sensor and biomedical technology. Examines the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites and reviews their diverse applications Comprehensively assesses polymer/nanoparticle composites exploring experimental techniques and data associated with the conductivity and dielectric characterization A specific section on polymer/nanotube composites features electrical and dielectric behaviour of polymer/carbon nanotube composites

Functional and Physical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites

Functional and Physical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Aravind Dasari,James Njuguna
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-13
ISBN : 1118542320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book to extensively cover nanoparticles, this addresses some of the key issues in nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites (polymers reinforced with nanoparticles), are of great interest due to their remarkable mechanical, thermal, chemical properties as well as optical, electronic, and magnetic applications Potential applications include automobile body parts, high-barrier packaging materials, flame-retardants, scratch-resistant composites, and biodegradable nanocomposites Combines basic theory as well as advanced and in-depth knowledge of these properties Broad audience includes researchers in Materials Science, Physics, Polymer Chemistry, and Engineering, and those in industry

Polymer Nanocomposite Research Advances

Polymer Nanocomposite Research Advances Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604560633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book focuses on the preparation, properties, characterisation and applications of polymer nanocomposites. The various manufacturing techniques, analysis of morphology, filler dispersion, and interfacial interactions have been described are detail. In the case of polymer nanocomposites, filler dispersion, intercalation/exfoliation, orientation and filler-matrix interaction are the main parameters that determine the physical, thermal, transport, mechanical and rheological properties of the nanocomposites. In this book the ultimate properties of the nanocomposites have been correlated with the key parameters of filler dispersion and filler-matrix interaction. The use of various sophisticated instrument techniques for the characterisation of these nanocomposites are also reviewed.

Fundamentals Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Fundamentals  Properties  and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Joseph H. Koo
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-10-31
ISBN : 1316094413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is focused primarily on polymer nanocomposites, based on the author's research experience as well as open literature. The environmental health and safety aspects of nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites, risk assessment and safety standards, and fire toxicity of polymer nanocomposites, are studied. In the final chapter, a brief overview of opportunities, trends, and challenges of polymer nanocomposites are included. Throughout the book, the theme is developed that polymer nanocomposites are a whole family of polymeric materials whose properties are capable of being tailored to meet specific applications. This volume serves as a general introduction to students and researchers just entering the field and to scholars from other subfields seeking information.

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Brahim Attaf
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2011-04-01
ISBN : 9789533072357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their good mechanical characteristics in terms of stiffness and strength coupled with mass-saving advantage and other attractive physico-chemical properties, composite materials are successfully used in medicine and nanotechnology fields. To this end, the chapters composing the book have been divided into the following sections: medicine, dental and pharmaceutical applications; nanocomposites for energy efficiency; characterization and fabrication, all of which provide an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. The book presents, in addition, some studies carried out in orthopedic and stomatological applications and others aiming to design and produce new devices using the latest advances in nanotechnology. This wide variety of theoretical, numerical and experimental results can help specialists involved in these disciplines to enhance competitiveness and innovation.

Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Deba Kumar Tripathy,Bibhu Prasad Sahoo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-07
ISBN : 3662535173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of the present edited book is to furnish scientific information about manufacturing, properties, and application of clay and carbon based polymer nanocomposites. It can be used as handbook for undergraduate and post graduate courses (for example material science and engineering, polymer science and engineering, rubber technology, manufacturing engineering, etc.) as well as as reference book for research fellows and professionals. Polymer nanocomposites have received outstanding importance in the present decade because of their broad range of high-performance applications in various areas of engineering and technology due to their special material properties. A great interest is dedicated to nanofiller based polymeric materials, which exhibit excellent enhancement in macroscopic material properties (mechanical, thermal, dynamic mechanical, electrical and many more) at very low filler contents and can therefore be used for the development of next-generation composite materials.

Polymer Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Xingyi Huang,Chunyi Zhi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-06
ISBN : 3319282387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the fundamental principles and recent progress in the field of electrical and thermal properties of polymer nanocomposites. The physical and chemical natures determining the electrical and thermal properties of polymer nanocomposites are discussed in detail. The authors describe the range of traditional and emerging polymer nanocomposites from nanoparticle and polymer composites to novel nanostructure based polymer nanocomposites. They include novel properties and potential applications, such as high-k, low-k, high thermal conductivity, antistatic, high voltage insulation, electric stress control, and thermal energy conversion among others.

Polymer Nanotube Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanotube Nanocomposites Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-14
ISBN : 9781118031827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a one-stop source for information on synthesis, properties, and potential applications of nanotube reinforced polymer nanocomposites Research on polymer nanotube composites is a relatively new field, and a lot of development is required to achieve a very large-scale commercial application. Although a number of developments have taken place in terms of the dispersion of nanotubes in the polymer matrices and corresponding improvements in the various physical properties of the composites, a meaningful text on the subject, which can assimilate these advancements in one place to provide an overall potential of the technology, is missing. This edited volume brings together contributions from a variety of senior scientists in the field of polymer nanotube composites technology to shed light on the recent advances in these commercially important areas of polymer technology. The book provides the following features: A summary of recent advances in nanotube composite synthesis technology A basic introduction to polymer nanotube nanocomposite technology for readers who are new to the field Valuable insights for the use of technologies for polymer nanocomposites for commercial application Reviews of current polymer nanotube systems to underscore the high potential of nanotubes as fillers Pathways for large-scale commercial applications ofnanotube nanocomposites

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Brahim Attaf
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2011-04-01
ISBN : 9789533072357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their good mechanical characteristics in terms of stiffness and strength coupled with mass-saving advantage and other attractive physico-chemical properties, composite materials are successfully used in medicine and nanotechnology fields. To this end, the chapters composing the book have been divided into the following sections: medicine, dental and pharmaceutical applications; nanocomposites for energy efficiency; characterization and fabrication, all of which provide an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. The book presents, in addition, some studies carried out in orthopedic and stomatological applications and others aiming to design and produce new devices using the latest advances in nanotechnology. This wide variety of theoretical, numerical and experimental results can help specialists involved in these disciplines to enhance competitiveness and innovation.

Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Biopolymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Alain Dufresne,Sabu Thomas,Laly A. Pothan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 1118609905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array of useful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only are they green and sustainable materials, they can also be used to develop a broad range of useful products with special properties, from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. With contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists and materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews the most recent developments and techniques in biopolymer nano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing, properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocomposites developed from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewable resources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organization and approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantage of the latest science and technology in designing these materials and developing new products and applications. It begins with a chapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites. Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-based nanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-based bionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles and their composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrial applications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities in developing and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There are also plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts and techniques. Exploring the full range of applications, Biopolymer Nanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad range of industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering, materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and polymer science. All readers will learn how to create green, sustainable products and applications using these tremendously versatile materials.

Metal Polymer Nanocomposites

Metal Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Luigi Nicolais,Gianfranco Carotenuto
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-11-11
ISBN : 0471695424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unique guide to an essential area of nanoscience Interest in nano-sized metals has increased greatly due to theirspecial characteristics and suitability for a number of advancedapplications. As technology becomes more refined-including theability to effectively manipulate and stabilize metals at thenanoscale-these materials present ever-more workable solutions to agrowing range of problems. Metal-Polymer Nanocomposites provides the first guidesolely devoted to the unique properties and applications of thisessential area of nanoscience. It offers a truly multidisciplinaryapproach, making the text accessible to readers in physical,chemical, and materials science as well as areas such asengineering and topology. The thorough coverage includes: The chemical and physical properties of nano-sized metals Different approaches to the synthesis of metal-polymernanocomposites (MPN) Advanced characterization techniques and methods for study ofMPN Real-world applications, including color filters, polarizers,optical sensors, nonlinear optical devices, and more An extensive list of references on the topics covered A unique, cutting-edge resource for a vital area of nanosciencedevelopment, Metal-Polymer Nanocomposites is an invaluabletext for students and practitioners of materials science,engineering, polymer science, chemical engineering, electricalengineering, and optics.

Polymer Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Yiu-Wing Mai,Zhong-Zhen Yu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2006-02-28
ISBN : 1845691121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer nanocomposites are polymer matrices reinforced with nano-scale fillers. This new class of composite materials has shown enhanced optical, electrical and dielectric properties. This important book begins by examining the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites and then reviews their diverse applications. Part one focuses on polymer/nanoparticle composites, their synthesis, optical properties and electrical conductivity. Part two describes the electrical, dielectric and thermal behaviour of polymer/nanoplatelet composites, whilst polymer/nanotube composites are the subject of Part three. The processing and industrial applications of these nanocomposite materials are discussed in Part four, including uses in fuel cells, bioimaging and sensors as well as the manufacture and applications of electrospun polymer nanocomposite fibers, nanostructured transition metal oxides, clay nanofiller/epoxy nanocomposites, hybrid epoxy-silica-rubber nanocomposites and other rubber-based nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites: physical properties and applications is a valuable reference tool for both the research community and industry professionals wanting to learn about these materials and their applications in such areas as fuel cell, sensor and biomedical technology. Gives a comprehensive review of polymer nanocomposites and their properties A standard reference on this area Written by distinguished editors and a international team of authors

Experimental Characterization Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composites

Experimental Characterization  Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composites Book
Author : Francesco Marotti De Sciarra,Pietro Russo
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-03-23
ISBN : 0323480624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experimental Characterization, Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composite focuses on the recent observations and predictions regarding the size-dependent mechanical properties, material properties and processing issues of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and other nanostructured materials. The book takes various approaches, including dedicated characterization methods, theoretical approaches and computer simulations, providing a detailed examination of the fundamental mechanisms governing the deviations of the properties of CNTs and other nanostructured materials. The book explores their applications in materials science, mechanics, engineering, chemistry and physics due to their unique and appealing properties. The use of such materials is, however, still largely limited due to the difficulty in tuning their properties and morphological and structural features. Presents a thorough discussion on how to effectively model the properties of carbon nanotubes and their polymer nanocomposites Includes a size-dependent analysis of properties and multiscale modeling Outlines the fundamentals and procedures of computational modeling as it is applied to carbon nanotubes and other nanomaterials

Theory and Modeling of Polymer Nanocomposites

Theory and Modeling of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Valeriy V. Ginzburg,Lisa M. Hall
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 3030604438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume brings together the state of the art in polymer nanocomposite theory and modeling, creating a roadmap for scientists and engineers seeking to design new advanced materials. The book opens with a review of molecular and mesoscale models predicting equilibrium and non-equilibrium nanoscale structure of hybrid materials as a function of composition and, especially, filler types. Subsequent chapters cover the methods and analyses used for describing the dynamics of nanocomposites and their mechanical and physical properties. Dedicated chapters present best practices for predicting materials properties of practical interest, including thermal and electrical conductivity, optical properties, barrier properties, and flammability. Each chapter is written by leading academic and industrial scientists working in each respective sub-field. The overview of modeling methodology combined with detailed examples of property predictions for specific systems will make this book useful for academic and industrial practitioners alike.

Polymer Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Giuliana Gorrasi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 3038973262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Polymer Nanocomposites" that was published in Nanomaterials

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-16
ISBN : 012821497X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications summarizes the properties of polymer nanocomposites, discusses their industrial scale fabrication methods, and presents their applications for various industrial sectors at both experimental and theoretical models scales. The book also addresses existing challenges for the use of polymer nanocomposites in major industrial sectors. Overall, the aim of this book is to summarize the recent advancements in the use of PNCs in a variety of industry sectors. Particular attention is paid to those approaches that enable green and sustainable industrial developments. The legal, economical and toxicity aspects of polymer nanocomposite are also presented in detail. Comprehensively explores how polymer nanocomposites are being used to create more efficient products and devices in a variety of industry sectors Explores the environmental, legal, health and safety issues of using polymer nanocomposites in an industrial context Develops a roadmap to the wider commercial utilization of polymer nanocomposites Emphasizes the use of polymer nanocomposites in green and sustainable technologies

Polymer Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Joseph Koo
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2010-05-10
ISBN : 9780071492041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understand the principles, applications, and limitations of a cutting-edge material Based on the author's 26 years of experience in the field of Nanotechnology, this reference offers researchers and materials scientists a complete reference to the physical concepts, techniques, applications and principles underlying one of the most researched materials. Keeps you abreast of the latest trends, developments, and commercial applications

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials Book
Author : Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,Kalim Deshmukh,Mariam AlAli AlMaadeed
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 0128173025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

3D and 4D Printing of Polymer Nanocomposite Materials: Processing, Applications, and Challenges covers advanced 3D and 4D printing processes and the latest developments in novel polymer-based printing materials, thus enabling the reader to understand and benefit from the advantages of this groundbreaking technology. The book presents processes, materials selection, and printability issues, along with sections on the preparation of polymer composite materials for 3D and 4D printing. Across the book, advanced printing techniques are covered and discussed thoroughly, including fused deposition modeling (FDM), selective laser sintering (SLS), selective laser melting (SLM), electron beam melting (EBM), inkjet 3D printing (3DP), stereolithography (SLA), and 3D plotting. Finally, major applications areas are discussed, including electronic, aerospace, construction and biomedical applications, with detailed information on the design, fabrication and processing methods required in each case. Provides a thorough, clear understanding of polymer preparation techniques and 3D and 4D printing processes, with a view to specific applications Examines synthesis, formation methodology, the dispersion of fillers, characterization, properties, and performance of polymer nanocomposites Explores the possibilities of 4D printing, covering the usage of stimuli responsive hydrogels and shape memory polymers

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Khouloud Jlassi,Mohamed M. Chehimi,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-07-26
ISBN : 0323461611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more

Polymer Nanotubes Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanotubes Nanocomposites Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-09-02
ISBN : 111894593X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the successful first edition of thebook in 2010, the field has matured and a large number ofadvancements have been made to the science of polymer nanotubenanocomposites (PNT) in terms of synthesis, filler surfacemodification, as well as properties. Moreover, a number ofcommercial applications have been realized. The aim of this secondvolume of the book is, thus, to update the information presented inthe first volume as well as to incorporate the recent research andindustrial developments. This edited volume brings together contributions from a varietyof senior scientists in the field of polymer nanotube compositestechnology to shed light on the recent advances in thesecommercially important areas of polymer technology. The bookprovides the following features: Reviews the various synthesis techniques, properties andapplications of the polymer nanocomposite systems Describes the functionalization strategies for single wallednanotubes in order to achieve their nanoscale dispersion in epoxymatrices Provides insights into the multiscale modeling of theproperties of PNT Provides perspectives on the electron microscopycharacterization of PNT Presents an overview of the different methodologies to achievemicro-patterning of PNT Describes the recent progress on hybridization modifications ofCNTs with carbon nanomaterials and their further applications inpolymer nanocomposites Provides details on the foams generates with PNT Provides information on synthesis and properties ofpolycarbonate nanocomposite. Describes the advanced microscopy techniques for understandingof the polymer/nanotube composite interfaces andproperties.