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Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : R. Paul Thompson,Ross Upshur
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9780415501095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Philosophy of medicine: its scope and subject matter -- Defining health and disease -- Theories and models in medicine -- Materialism and reductionism in science and medicine -- Probability and randomness -- Causality and induction -- Randomised controlled trials and study design -- Some central measures in clinical medicine -- Reasoning in clinical practice: prevention, diagnosis, therapy, prognosis, palliation and rehabilitation -- Medicine from first-person perspectives: phenomenology, narrative of knowledge and qualitative approaches to knowledge creation and use in medicine -- Neurosciences and diseases of the mind -- The varieties of modern medicine: evolutionary medicine, evidence-based medicine, precision and personalised medicine, alternative medicines and managing epidemics

The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine

The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : James A. Marcum
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2016-12-15
ISBN : 1474233023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A definitive and authoritative guide to a vibrant and growing discipline in current philosophy, The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine presents an overview of the issues facing contemporary philosophy of medicine, the research methods required to understand them and a trajectory for the discipline's future. Written by world leaders in the discipline, this companion addresses the ontological, epistemic, and methodological challenges facing philosophers of medicine today, from the debate between evidence-based and person-centered medicine, medical humanism, and gender medicine, to traditional issues such as disease, health, and clinical reasoning and decision-making. Practical and forward-looking, it also includes a detailed guide to research sources, a glossary of key terms, and an annotated bibliography, as well as an introductory survey of research methods and discussion of new research directions emerging in response to the rapid changes in modern medicine. “Philosophy needs medicine', Hillel Braude argues, 'to become more relevant'. By showing how modern medicine provides philosophers with a rich source of material for investigating issues facing contemporary society, The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine introduces the opportunities medicine offers philosophers together with the resources and skills required to contribute to contemporary debates and discussions.

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : James A. Marcum
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-07
ISBN : 9781402067976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model. To that end he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical boundaries of these medical models. He begins with their metaphysics, analyzing the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which medical knowledge and practice is founded. Next, he considers the epistemological issues that face these medical models, particularly those driven by methodological procedures undertaken by epistemic agents to constitute medical knowledge and practice. Finally, he examines the axiological boundaries and the ethical implications of each model, especially in terms of the physician-patient relationship. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical analysis of the humanization of modern medicine helps to address the crisis-of-care, as well as the question of “What is medicine?” The book’s unique features include a comprehensive coverage of the various topics in the philosophy of medicine that have emerged over the past several decades and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The book’s target audiences include both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as healthcare professionals and professional philosophers. “This book is the 99th issue of the Series Philosophy and Medicine...and it can be considered a crown of thirty years of intensive and dynamic discussion in the field. We are completely convinced that after its publication, it can be finally said that undoubtedly the philosophy of medicine exists as a special field of inquiry.”

Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : Fred Gifford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0444517871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice. Several chapters examine such general meta-scientific concepts as discovery, reduction, theories and models, causal inference and scientific realism as they apply to medicine or medical science in particular. Some discuss important concepts specific to medicine (diagnosis, health, disease, brain death). A topic such as evidence, for instance, is examined at a variety of levels, from social mechanisms for guiding evidence-based reasoning such as evidence-based medicine, consensus conferences, and clinical trials, to the more abstract analysis of experimentation, inference and uncertainty. Some chapters reflect on particular domains of medicine, including psychiatry, public health, and nursing. The contributions span a broad range of detailed cases from the science and practice of medicine, as well as a broad range of intellectual approaches, from conceptual analysis to detailed examinations of particular scientific papers or historical episodes. Chapters view philosophy of medicine from quite different angles Considers substantive cases from both medical science and practice Chapters from a distinguished array of contributors

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : Miriam Solomon,Jeremy R. Simon,Harold Kincaid
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-10-04
ISBN : 1317519841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and phenomenology of medicine and emerging topics, such as philosophy of epidemiology, measuring harms, the concept of disability, nursing perspectives, race and gender, the metaphysics of Chinese medicine, and narrative medicine. Each of the 48 chapters is written especially for this volume and with a student audience in mind. For pedagogy and clarity, each chapter contains an extended example illustrating the ideas discussed. This text is intended for use as a reference for students in courses in philosophy of medicine and philosophy of science, and pairs well with The Routledge Companion to Bioethics for use in medical humanities and social science courses.

The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn

The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn Book
Author : Edmund D. Pellegrino
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edmund D Pellegrino has played a central role in shaping the fields of bioethics and the philosophy of medicine. This volume offers a presentation of Pellegrino's thought and its development. Suitable for medical ethicists, students, scholars, and physicians, it offers insights into the emergence of a field and the work of one of its pioneers.

The Philosophy of Medicine

The Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : Lester Snow King,ster Snow King
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Iatrochemie / Geschichte (15.-18 Jh.).

Care and Cure

Care and Cure Book
Author : Jacob Stegenga
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 9780226595030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The philosophy of medicine has become a vibrant and complex intellectual landscape, and Care and Cure is the first extended attempt to map it. In pursuing the interdependent aims of caring and curing, medicine relies on concepts, theories, inferences, and policies that are often complicated and controversial. Bringing much-needed clarity to the interplay of these diverse problems, Jacob Stegenga describes the core philosophical controversies underlying medicine in this unrivaled introduction to the field. The fourteen chapters in Care and Cure present and discuss conceptual, metaphysical, epistemological, and political questions that arise in medicine, buttressed with lively illustrative examples ranging from debates over the true nature of disease to the effectiveness of medical interventions and homeopathy. Poised to be the standard sourcebook for anyone seeking a comprehensive overview of the canonical concepts, current state, and cutting edge of this vital field, this concise introduction will be an indispensable resource for students and scholars of medicine and philosophy.

Classification Disease and Evidence

Classification  Disease and Evidence Book
Author : Philippe Huneman,Gérard Lambert,Marc Silberstein
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-15
ISBN : 9401788871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This anthology of essays presents a sample of studies from recent philosophy of medicine addressing issues which attempt to answer very general (interdependent) questions: (a) what is a disease and what is health? (b) How do we (causally) explain diseases? (c) And how do we distinguish diseases, i.e. define classes of diseases and recognize that an instance X of disease belongs to a given class B? (d) How do we assess and choose cure/ therapy? The book is divided into three sections: classification, disease and evidence. In general, attention is focused on statistics in medicine and epidemiology, issues in psychiatry and connecting medicine with evolutionary biology and genetics. Many authors position the theories that they address within their historical contexts. The nature of health and disease will be addressed in several essays that also touch upon very general questions about the definition of medicine and its status. Several chapters scrutinize classification because of its centrality within philosophical problems raised by medicine and its core position in the philosophical questioning of psychiatry. Specificities of medical explanation have recently come under a new light, particularly because of the rise of statistical methods and several chapters investigate these methods in specific contexts such as epidemiology or meta-analysis of random testing. Taken together this collection addresses the question of how we gather, use and assess evidence for various medical theories. The rich assortment of disciplines featured also includes epidemiology, parasitology and public health, while technical aspects such as the application of game theory to medical research and the misuse of the DSM in forensic psychiatry are also given an airing. The book addresses more than the construction of medical knowledge, however, adding cogent appraisal of the processes of decision making in medicine and the protocols used to justify therapeutic choices.

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health Book
Author : F. Svenaeus
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401594589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical approaches, on the other hand - specifically, Heidegger's phenomenology and Gadamer's hermeneutics - are shown to have a hitherto unrealized potential for making sense of those themes long buried within Western medicine. Richard M. Zaner, Ann Geddes Stahlman Professor of Medical Ethics, Vanderbilt University

The Philosophical Diseases of Medicine and their Cure

The Philosophical Diseases of Medicine and their Cure Book
Author : Josef Seifert
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-10-29
ISBN : 9781402028700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At all times physicians were bound to pursue not only medical tasks, but to reflect also on the many anthropological and metaphysical aspects of their discipline, such as on the nature of life and death, of health and sickness, and above all on the vital ethical dimensions of their practice. For centuries, almost for two millennia, how ever, those who practiced medicine lived in a relatively clearly defined ethical and implicitly philosophical or religious 'world-order' within which they could safely turn to medical practice, knowing right from wrong, or at least being told what to do and what not to do. Today, however, the situation has radically changed, mainly due to three quite different reasons: First and most obviously, physicians today are faced with a tremendous development of new possibilities and techniques which allow previously unheard of medical interventions (such as cloning, cryo-conservation, ge netic interference, etc. ) which call out for ethical reflection and wise judgment but regarding which there is no legal and medical ethical tradition. Traditional medical education did not prepare physicians for coping with this new brave world of mod em medicine. Secondly, there are the deep philosophical crises and the philosophical diseases of medicine mentioned in the preface that lead to a break-down of firm and formative legal and ethical norms for medical actions.

Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics

Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics Book
Author : Ronald A. Carson,C.R. Burns
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 0306481332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Papers presented at a symposium on philosophy and medicine at the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch in 1974 were published in the inaugural volume of this series. To help celebrate more than 20 years of extraordinary success with the series, another symposium was convened in Galveston in 1995. The convenors asked the participants these questions: In what ways and to what ends have academic humanists and medical scientists and practitioners become serious conversation partners in recent years? How have their dialogues been shaped by prevailing social views, political philosophies, academic habits, professional mores, and public pressures? What have been the key concepts and questions of these dialogues? Have the dialogues made any appreciable intellectual or social difference? Have they improved the care of the sick? Authors respond from a variety of theoretical perspectives in the humanities. They also articulate conceptions of philosophy of medicine and bioethics from various practice experiences, and bring critical attention to aspects of the contemporary health policy.

Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity

Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity Book
Author : Philip J. van der Eijk
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-05-12
ISBN : 9781139443531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to medicine. This interaction was particularly striking in the study of the human soul in its relation to the body, as illustrated by approaches to specific topics such as intellect, sleep and dreams, and diet and drugs. With a detailed introduction surveying the subject as a whole and an essay on Aristotle's treatment of sleep, this wide-ranging and accessible collection is essential reading for the student of ancient philosophy and science.

Greek Rational Medicine

Greek Rational Medicine Book
Author : James Longrigg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-03-07
ISBN : 1134973667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ancient Greek medical thinkers were profoundly influenced by Ionian natural philosophy. This philosophy caused them to adopt a radically new attitude towards disease and healing. James Longrigg shows how their rational attitudes ultimately resulted in levels of sophistication largely unsurpassed until the Renaissance. He examines the important relationship between philosophy and medicine in ancient Greece and beyond, and reveals its significance for contemporary western practice and theory.

Early Modern Medicine and Natural Philosophy

Early Modern Medicine and Natural Philosophy Book
Author : Peter Distelzweig,Benjamin Goldberg,Evan R. Ragland
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-11
ISBN : 940177353X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents an innovative look at early modern medicine and natural philosophy as historically interrelated developments. The individual chapters chart this interrelation in a variety of contexts, from the Humanists who drew on Hippocrates, Galen, and Aristotle to answer philosophical and medical questions, to medical debates on the limits and power of mechanism, and on to eighteenth-century controversies over medical materialism and 'atheism.' The work presented here broadens our understanding of both philosophy and medicine in this period by illustrating the ways these disciplines were in deep theoretical and methodological dialogue and by demonstrating the importance of this dialogue for understanding their history. Taken together, these papers argue that to overlook the medical context of natural philosophy and the philosophical context of medicine is to overlook fundamentally important aspects of these intellectual endeavors.

John Gregory s Writings on Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine

John Gregory s Writings on Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : Laurence B. McCullough
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-12-04
ISBN : 9789048150151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume introduces a new subseries of Philosophy and Medicine, Classics of Medical Ethics. The purpose of this new subseries is to bring out scholars' editions of major works in the history of medical ethics and philosophy of medicine. This new subseries will target for publication texts that are long out of print and difficult to access. Each volume will contain an introduction to the writings on medical ethics and philosophy of medicine produced by the original author. Each volume will also contain a guide to the primary and major secondary Hterature, to facilitate teaching and scholarship in bioethics, philosophy of medicine, and history of medicine. Texts will be presented in their origi nal style and will provide pagination of the original, so that citations can be made either to the original text or to the page numbers in these vol umes. Finally, each volume will be well indexed, again to facilitate teaching and research. Bioethics and philosophy of medicine - the former more so than the latter - have an insufficiently developed understanding of themselves as having a history. As a consequence, these fields lack the maturity that critical dialogue of the past with the present provides for other fields and disciplines of the humanities. To the extent that this problem is due to the fact that major primary historical sources are not readily available, this subseries will contribute to the further development and maturation of bioethics and philosophy of medicine as fields of the humanities.

Elisha Bartlett s Philosophy of Medicine

Elisha Bartlett s Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : W.E. Stempsey
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1402030428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The idea of preparing a new critical edition of Elisha Bartlett’s Essay on the Philosophy of Medical Science was suggested to me several years ago by Dr. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. Since that time it has been a pleasure to get to know the life and work of Elisha Bartlett. I am pleased to be completing this book in the bicentennial year of Bartlett’s birth. Bartlett was born in 1804 in Smithfield, Rhode Island, less than twenty-five miles from Worcester, Massachusetts, my present home—a short journey even in Bartlett’s day. I have been able to walk at some of the sites to which Bartlett continually returned during his life. Visiting Bartlett’s grave in the Slatersville cemetery has been an inspiration for the preparation of this book. Proximity to several institutions with rich holdings in Bartlett’s works and in nineteenth-century American history of medicine greatly facilitated my research. First, though, I want to acknowledge the College of the Holy Cross for supporting my sabbatical leave for the academic year 2003-2004. The American Antiquarian Society, in Worcester, Massachusetts, was generous in giving me access to its remarkable resources. I was able to find many of Bartlett’s published works and other nineteenth-century medical literature there, and the entire library staff provided quick and able research assistance.

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-06
ISBN : 9401795797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical practice is practiced morality, and clinical research belongs to normative ethics. The present book elucidates and advances this thesis by: 1. analyzing the structure of medical language, knowledge, and theories; 2. inquiring into the foundations of the clinical encounter; 3. introducing the logic and methodology of clinical decision-making, including artificial intelligence in medicine; 4. suggesting comprehensive theories of organism, life, and psyche; of health, illness, and disease; of etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and therapy; and 5. investigating the moral and metaphysical issues central to medical practice and research. Many systems of (classical, modal, non-classical, probability, and fuzzy) logic are introduced and applied. Fuzzy medical deontics, fuzzy medical ontology, fuzzy medical concept formation, fuzzy medical decision-making and biomedicine and many other techniques of fuzzification in medicine are introduced for the first time.

A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice

A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice Book
Author : Edmund D. Pellegrino,John Carroll Professor of Medicine and Medical Ethics Edmund D Pellegrino, M.D. MD,David C. Thomasma,Director Medical Humanities Program David C Thomasma,Pellegrino, Charles
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice book written by Edmund D. Pellegrino,John Carroll Professor of Medicine and Medical Ethics Edmund D Pellegrino, M.D. MD,David C. Thomasma,Director Medical Humanities Program David C Thomasma,Pellegrino, Charles, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen Book
Author : Margret Berger,Saint Hildegard
Publisher : D. S. Brewer
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780859915519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medieval attitudes to health and treatment revealed in Hildegard's treatise.