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The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Michael Ruse
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008-07-10
ISBN : 0195182057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology contains exciting new essays written to introduce the reader to one of the most vibrant areas of scholarship today. The handbook covers the history of the topic, moves through evolutionary theory, continues with discussions of molecular biology and ecology, and covers biology and ethics as well as biology and religion. There is no better way of learning about this dynamic subject than through the essays in this volume.

Studies in the Philosophy of Biology

Studies in the Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Francisco Ayala,Francisco José Ayala,Francisco Jose Ayala,Theodosius Dobzhansky
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 1974-01-01
ISBN : 9780520026490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Studies in the Philosophy of Biology book written by Francisco Ayala,Francisco José Ayala,Francisco Jose Ayala,Theodosius Dobzhansky, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Francisco J. Ayala,Robert Arp
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-11-19
ISBN : 9781444314939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholarshead to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fastgrowing field of philosophy of biology Brings together original essays on ten of the most hotlydebated questions in philosophy of biology Lively head-to-head debate format sharply defines the issuesand paves the way for further discussion Includes coverage of the new and vital area of evolutionarydevelopmental biology, as well as the concept of a unified species,the role of genes in selection, the differences between micro- andmacro-evolution, and much more Each section features an introduction to the topic as well assuggestions for further reading Offers an accessible overview of this fast-growing and dynamicfield, whilst also capturing the imagination of professionalphilosophers and biologists

Philosophy of Biology Today

Philosophy of Biology Today Book
Author : Lucyle T Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science Michael Ruse,Robert J. Richards,Michael Ruse
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 1988-01-01
ISBN : 9780887069109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"As molecular biologists peer ever more deeply into life's mysteries, there are those who fear that such 'reductionism' conceals more than it reveals, and there are those who complain that the new techniques threaten the physical safety of us all. As students of evolution apply their understanding to our own species, some people think that this is merely an excuse for racist and sexist propaganda, and others worry that the whole exercise blatantly violates the religious beliefs many hold dear. These controversies are the joint concerns of biologists and philosophers--of those whose task it is to study the theoretical and moral foundations of knowledge"--From publisher description.

The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Marjorie Glicksman Grene,Marjorie Grene,David Depew
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2004-08-02
ISBN : 9780521643801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines how the philosophy of biology has evolved to our current understanding.

Trees of Life

Trees of Life Book
Author : P.E. Griffiths
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1992-05-31
ISBN : 9780792317098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains papers presented by New Zealand and American philosophers of biology during a recent visit to New Zealand by Elliott Sober. Some of the papers reveal a unique local perspective on current debates. Robin Craw's highly original contribution to the `evolutionary' philosophy of science initiated by David Hull, applies to intellectual evolution the strongly biogeographic approach to the evolution of life that is a recognised New Zealand speciality. Other papers reflect past intellectual exchange between the two countries. Susan Oyama and Russell Gray's papers on the `developmental systems' approach to evolution, for example, are the outcome of several years of fruitful exchange. The remaining papers in the volume cover a wide range of topics. In addition to Sober's own discussion of post-sociobiological treatments of cultural evolution the volume includes Kim Sterelny's evaluation of `macroevolution', Paul Griffiths' analysis of adaptation and vestigiality, John Morss on the notion of ontogeny and Timothy Shanahan on the concept of drift.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Alex Rosenberg,Robert Arp
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-05-04
ISBN : 1405183179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By combining excerpts from key historical writings with editors’ introductions and further reading material, Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology offers a comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date collection of the field’s most significant works. Addresses central questions such as ‘What is life?’ and ‘How did it begin?’, and the most current research and arguments on evolution and developmental biology Editorial notes throughout the text define, clarify, and qualify ideas, concepts and arguments Includes material on evolutionary psychology and evolutionary developmental biology not found in other standard philosophy of biology anthologies Further reading material assists novices in delving deeper into research in philosophy of biology

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy Of Biology Book
Author : Elliott Sober
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-03-05
ISBN : 0429963424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ?special? sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and the direct implications for such controversial issues as creationism, teleology, nature versus nurture, and sociobiology. Above all, the reader will gain from this book a firm grasp of the structure of evolutionary theory, the evidence for it, and the scope of its explanatory significance.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Brian Garvey
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-05
ISBN : 1317493672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own not only for philosophy of science, but for metaphysics, epistemology and ethics. This comprehensive new textbook for a rapidly growing field of study provides students new to the subject with an up-to-date presentation of the key philosophical issues. Care is taken throughout to keep the technicalities accessible to the non-biologist but without sacrificing the philosophical subtleties. The first part of the book covers the philosophical challenges posed by evolution and evolutionary biology, beginning with Darwin's central argument in the Origin of the Species. Individual chapters cover natural selection, the selfish gene, alternative units of selection, developmental systems theory, adaptionism and issues in macroevolution. The second part of the book examines philosophical questions arising in connection with biological traits, function, nature and nurture, and biological kinds. The third part of the book examines metaphysical questions, biology's relation with the traditional concerns of philosophy of science, and how evolution has been introduced into epistemological debates. The final part considers the relevance of biology to questions about ethics, religion and human nature.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2016-09-06
ISBN : 0691174679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a concise, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the philosophy of biology written by a leading authority on the subject. Geared to philosophers, biologists, and students of both, the book provides sophisticated and innovative coverage of the central topics and many of the latest developments in the field. Emphasizing connections between biological theories and other areas of philosophy, and carefully explaining both philosophical and biological terms, Peter Godfrey-Smith discusses the relation between philosophy and science; examines the role of laws, mechanistic explanation, and idealized models in biological theories; describes evolution by natural selection; and assesses attempts to extend Darwin's mechanism to explain changes in ideas, culture, and other phenomena. Further topics include functions and teleology, individuality and organisms, species, the tree of life, and human nature. The book closes with detailed, cutting-edge treatments of the evolution of cooperation, of information in biology, and of the role of communication in living systems at all scales. Authoritative and up-to-date, this is an essential guide for anyone interested in the important philosophical issues raised by the biological sciences.

A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology

A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Sahotra Sarkar,Anya Plutynski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-20
ISBN : 1444337858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field

The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Kostas Kampourakis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-18
ISBN : 9400765371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together for the first time philosophers of biology to write about some of the most central concepts and issues in their field from the perspective of biology education. The chapters of the book cover a variety of topics ranging from traditional ones, such as biological explanation, biology and religion or biology and ethics, to contemporary ones, such as genomics, systems biology or evolutionary developmental biology. Each of the 30 chapters covers the respective philosophical literature in detail and makes specific suggestions for biology education. The aim of this book is to inform biology educators, undergraduate and graduate students in biology and related fields, students in teacher training programs, and curriculum developers about the current state of discussion on the major topics in the philosophy of biology and its implications for teaching biology. In addition, the book can be valuable to philosophers of biology as an introductory text in undergraduate and graduate courses.

Topics in the Philosophy of Biology

Topics in the Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Marjorie Grene,Everett Mendelson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401018294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The philosophy of biology should move to the center of the philosophy of science - a place it has not been accorded since the time of Mach. Physics was the paradigm of science, and its shadow falls across con temporary philosophy of biology as well, in a variety of contexts: reduction, organization and system, biochemical mechanism, and the models of law and explanation which derive from the Duhem-Popper Hempel tradition. This volume, we think, offers ample evidence of how good contempo rary work in the philosophical understanding of biology has become. Marjorie Grene and Everett Mendelsohn aptly combine a deep philo sophical appreciation of conceptual issues in biology with an historical understanding of the radical changes in the science of biology since the 19th century. In this book, they present essays which probe such historical and methodological questions as reducibility, levels of organization, function and teleology, and the range of issues emerging from evolution ary theory and the species problem. In conjunction with Professor Grene's collection of essays on the philosophy of biology, The Under standing of Nature (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XXIII) and the occasional essays on these topics which we have published in other volumes (listed below), this volume contributes to bringing biology to the center of philosophical attention. Everett Mendelsohn, 'Explanation in Nineteenth Century Biology' (Boston Studies, Vol. II, 1965). David Hawkins, 'Taxonomy and Information', (Boston Studies, Vol. III, 1967).

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology Book
Author : Cécilia Bognon-Küss,Charles T. Wolfe
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-02-11
ISBN : 1317227557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of the term "biology" to refer to a unified science of life emerged around 1800 (most prominently by scientists such as Lamarck and Treviranus, although scholarship has indicated its usage at least 30-40 years earlier). The interplay between philosophy and natural science has also accompanied the constitution of biology as a science. Philosophy of Biology Before Biology examines biological and protobiological writings from the mid-eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century (from Buffon to Cuvier; Kant to Oken; and Kielmeyer) with two major sets of questions in mind: What were the distinctive conceptual features of the move toward biology as a science? What were the relations and differences between the "philosophical" focus on the nature of living entities, and the "scientific" focus? This insightful volume produces a fresh but also systematic perspective both on the history of biology as a science and on the early versions of, in the 1960s in a post-positivist context, the philosophy of biology. It will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as history of science, philosophy of science and biology.

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Ernst Mayr
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 1988
ISBN : 9780674896666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution

Studies in the Philosophy of Biology

Studies in the Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
Release : 1974-06-18
ISBN : 1349018929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Studies in the Philosophy of Biology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 11 2006

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 11 2006 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Release : 2007
ISBN : 3938616857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The name DGGTB (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie; German Society for the History and Theory of Biology) refl ects recent history as well as German tradition. The Society is a relatively late addition to a series of German societies of science and medicine that began with the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften«, founded in 1910 by Leipzig University's Karl Sudhoff (1853-1938), who wrote: »We want to establish a ,German' society in order to gather German-speaking historians together in our special disciplines so that they form the core of an international society«. Yet Sudhoff, at this time of burgeoning academic internationalism, was »quite willing« to accommodate the wishes of a number of founding members and »drop the word German in the title of the Society and have it merge with an international society«. The founding and naming of the Society at that time derived from a specific set of historical circumstances, and the same was true some 80 years later when in 1991, in the wake of German reunification, the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie« was founded. From the start, the Society has been committed to bringing studies in the history and philosophy of biology to a wide audience, using for this purpose its Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie. Parallel to the Jahrbuch, the Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie has become the by now traditional medium for the publication of papers delivered at the Society`s annual meetings. In 2005 the Jahrbuch was renamed Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology, reflecting the Society's internationalist aspirations in addressing comparative biology as a subject of historical and philosophical studies.

Brill s Companion to the Philosophy of Biology

Brill s Companion to the Philosophy of Biology Book
Author : Andrea Borghini,Elena Casetta
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2019-12-16
ISBN : 9004400168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This translated volume by Andrea Borghini and Elena Casetta (original title: Filosofia della biologia) introduces a wide spectrum of key philosophical problems related to life sciences in a clear framework and an accessible style, with a special emphasis on metaphysical questions.

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 10 2005

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 10 2005 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Release : 2006
ISBN : 3938616393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The name DGGTB (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie; German Society for the History and Theory of Biology) reflects recent history as well as German tradition. The Society is a relatively late addition to a series of German societies of science and medicine that began with the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften«, founded in 1910 by Leipzig University's Karl Sudhoff (1853-1938), who wrote: »We want to establish a ,German' society in order to gather German-speaking historians together in our special disciplines so that they form the core of an international society...«. Yet Sudhoff, at this time of burgeoning academic internationalism, was »quite willing« to accommodate the wishes of a number of founding members and »drop the word German in the title of the Society and have it merge with an international society«. The founding and naming of the Society at that time derived from a specific set of historical circumstances, and the same was true some 80 years later when in 1991, in the wake of German reunification, the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie« was founded. From the start, the Society has been committed to bringing studies in the history and philosophy of biology to a wide audience, using for this purpose its Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie. Parallel to the Jahrbuch, the Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie has become the by now traditional medium for the publication of papers delivered at the Society's annual meetings. In 2005 the Jahrbuch was renamed Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology, reflecting the Society's internationalist aspirations in addressing comparative biology as a subject of historical and philosophical studies.

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy Of Biology Book
Author : Elliott Sober
Publisher : Westview Press
Release : 1993-04-19
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The philosophy of biology has recently seen some of the most dramatic activity among the philosophies of the “special” sciences. In this new textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important of these developments.Sober engages both the higher level of theory and the direct implications for such controversial issues as creationism, teleology, nature versus nurture, and sociobiology. Above all, the reader will gain from this book a firm grasp of the structure of evolutionary theory, the evidence for it, and the scope of its explanatory significance.