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Philosophy Of Anthropology And Sociology

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Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology

Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-12
ISBN : 0080466648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work. · Comprehensive survey of philosophical issues in anthropology and sociology · Historical discussion of important debates · Applications to current research in anthropology and sociology

Tribal Epistemologies

Tribal Epistemologies Book
Author : Helmut Wautischer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 0429776209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1998, this collection of ten essays transforms our understanding of both the role of philosophical anthropology in modern world philosophy and the origins of tribal knowledge in their relation to contemporary assessments of cognition and consciousness. Ethnographic data from geographically distant cultures - such as the Maori of New Zealand, the Fore of New Guinea, the Sea Nomads of the Andaman, the Cowlitz of North America, the Maya, Australian Aborigines, Siberian Shamans - are carefully crafted toward an empirical basis for discussing a variety of phenomena traditional labelled in Western thought as transcendent or metaphysical. This anthology is a valuable source of information relevant for any theories of knowledge and a solid challenge for reductionist models of consciousness. The essays enhance our recognition and appreciation of fundamental similarities as well as differences in world views and cultural perspectives related to knowledge claims. This anthology illustrates unplumbed depths of human consciousness, reveals experiential understandings beyond linguistic thought, and stands aside from the view that behaviour and intelligence can be understood by deterministic principles. This volume of essays should be read with stereoscopic vision: one lens focusing on the rich ethnographic material of folk societies, the other focusing on the wider awareness of how we come to know what we know. It features specialists in philosophy, ethnology and comparative sociology, comparative religion, cross-cultural psychology, physical anthropology, environmental and marine scientists, Indian affairs, anthropology, comparative literature, shamanism and theoretical biology. These contributors explore issues including individuality in relational cultures, Maori epistemology, shamanistic knowledge and cosmology and images of conduct, character and personhood in the Native American tradition.

Philosophical Anthropology

Philosophical Anthropology Book
Author : Paul Ricoeur
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-12-30
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do human beings become human? This question lies behind the so-called ï¿1⁄2human sciences.ï¿1⁄2 But these disciplines are scattered among many different departments and hold up a cracked mirror to humankind. This is why, in the view of Paul Ricoeur, we need to develop a philosophical anthropology, one that has a much older history but still offers many untapped resources. This appeal to a specifically philosophical approach to questions regarding what it was to be human did not stop Ricoeur from entering into dialogue with other disciplines and approaches, such as psychoanalysis, history, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and the philosophy of language, in order to offer an up-to-date reflection on what he saw as the fundamental issues. For there is clearly not a simple, single answer to the question ï¿1⁄2what is it to be human?ï¿1⁄2 Ricoeur therefore takes up the complexity of this question in terms of the tensions he sees between the ï¿1⁄2voluntaryï¿1⁄2 and the ï¿1⁄2involuntary,ï¿1⁄2 ï¿1⁄2actingï¿1⁄2 and ï¿1⁄2suffering,ï¿1⁄2 ï¿1⁄2autonomyï¿1⁄2 and ï¿1⁄2vulnerability,ï¿1⁄2 ï¿1⁄2capacityï¿1⁄2 and ï¿1⁄2fragility,ï¿1⁄2 and ï¿1⁄2identityï¿1⁄2 and ï¿1⁄2otherness.ï¿1⁄2 The texts brought together in this volume provide an overall view of the development of Ricoeurï¿1⁄2s philosophical thinking on the question of what it is to be human, from his early 1939 lecture on ï¿1⁄2Attentionï¿1⁄2 to his remarks on receiving the Kluge Prize in 2004, a few months before his death.

Philosophy of Social Science

Philosophy of Social Science Book
Author : Alexander Rosenberg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 0429974477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Philosophy of Social Science provides a tightly argued yet accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including economics, anthropology, sociology, political science, psychology, history, and the disciplines emerging at the intersections of these subjects with biology. Philosophy is unavoidable for social scientists because the choices they make in answering questions in their disciplines force them to take sides on philosophical matters. Conversely, the philosophy of social science is equally necessary for philosophers since the social and behavior sciences must inform their understanding of human action, norms, and social institutions. The fifth edition retains from previous editions an illuminating interpretation of the enduring relations between the social sciences and philosophy, and reflects on developments in social research over the past two decades that have informed and renewed debate in the philosophy of social science. An expanded discussion of philosophical anthropology and modern and postmodern critical theory is new for this edition.

Philosophy and Anthropology

Philosophy and Anthropology Book
Author : Ananta Kumar Giri,John Clammer
Publisher : Anthem Press
Release : 2014-12-01
ISBN : 1783083557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Philosophy and anthropology have many, but largely unexplored, links and interrelationships. Historically, they have informed each other in subtle ways. This volume of original essays explores and enhances this relationship through anthropological engagement with philosophy and vice versa, the nature, sources and history of philosophical anthropology, phenomenology, and the practical, methodological and theoretical implications of a dialogue between the two subjects. ‘Philosophy and Anthropology: Border Crossings and Transformations’ seeks to enrich both the humanities and the social sciences through its informative and stimulating essays.

Political Anthropology

Political Anthropology Book
Author : Helmuth Plessner,Joachim Fischer
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9780810138001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Political Anthropology (originally published in 1931 as Macht und menschliche Natur), Helmuth Plessner considers whether politics--conceived as the struggle for power between groups, nations, and states--belongs to the essence of the human. Building on and complementing ideas from his Levels of the Organic and the Human (1928), Plessner proposes a genealogy of political life and outlines an anthropological foundation of the political. In critical dialogue with thinkers such as Carl Schmitt, Eric Voegelin, and Martin Heidegger, Plessner argues that the political relationships cultures entertain with one other, their struggle for acknowledgement and assertion, are expressions of certain possibilities of the openness and unfathomability of the human. Translated into English for the first time, and accompanied by an introduction and an epilogue that situate Plessner's thinking both within the context of Weimar-era German political and social thought and within current debates, this succinct book should be of great interest to philosophers, political theorists, and sociologists interested in questions of power and the foundations of the political.

The Making and Unmaking of Differences

The Making and Unmaking of Differences Book
Author : Richard Rottenburg,Burkhard Schnepel,Shingo Shimada
Publisher : transcript Verlag
Release : 2015-07-31
ISBN : 3839404266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the making and unmaking of socio-cultural differences, seen from anthropological, sociological and philosophical perspectives. Some contributions are of a theoretical nature, such as when the »problem of translation«, »the enigma of alienity« or »queer theory« are addressed; other contributors throw light on contemporary issues like the integration of Muslims in Norway, identity-forming processes in »Creole« societies or »neo-traditionalist movements« and »identity« in Africa. Moreover, the book deals with »strangers« looked at from an »anthropology of the night«. Special emphasis is placed on how globalization and the rapid spread of ever new technologies of information have generated ever new patterns of inclusion and exclusion, and how these can be theorized.

The Category of the Person

The Category of the Person Book
Author : Professor of Anthropology Michael Carrithers,Michael Carrithers,Steven Collins,Steven Lukes
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1985-12-27
ISBN : 9780521277570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept that people have of themselves as a 'person' is one of the most intimate notions that they hold. Yet the way in which the category of the person is conceived varies over time and space. In this volume, anthropologists, philosophers, and historians examine the notion of the person in different cultures, past and present. Taking as their starting point a lecture on the person as a category of the human mind, given by Marcel Mauss in 1938, the contributors critically assess Mauss's speculation that notions of the person, rather than being primarily philosophical or psychological, have a complex social and ideological origin. Discussing societies ranging from ancient Greece, India, and China to modern Africa and Papua New Guinea, they provide fascinating descriptions of how these different cultures define the person. But they also raise deeper theoretical issues: What is universally constant and what is culturally variable in people's thinking about the person? How can these variations be explained? Has there been a general progressive development toward the modern Western view of the person? What is distinctive about this? How do one's notions of the person inform one's ability to comprehend alternative formulations? These questions are of compelling interest for a wide range of anthropologists, philosophers, historians, psychologists, sociologists, orientalists, and classicists. The book will appeal to any reader concerned with understanding one of the most fundamental aspects of human existence.

African Philosophy

African Philosophy Book
Author : Guttorm Fløistad
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 940093517X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication is a continuation of two earlier series of chroni cles, Philosophy of the Mid-Century (Firenze 1958/59) and Con temporary Philosophy (Firenze 1968), edited by Raymond Klibansky. Like the other series, these chronicles provide a survey of significant trends in contemporary philosophical discussion from 1970 to 1985. The need for such surveys has, I believe, increased rather than decreased over the last years. The philosophical scene appears, for various reasons, more complex than ever before. The continuing process of specialization in most branches, the emergence of new schools of thought, the convergence of interest (thought not neces sarily of opinion) of different traditions upon certain problems, the increasing attention being paid to the history of philosophy in discussions of contemporary problems, and the growing signifi cance for philosophical discourse of the social, political and cul tural situation in various regions of the world are the most impor tant contributory factors. Surveys of the present kind are a valu able source of knowledge of this complexity and may as such be an assistance in renewing the understanding of one's own philo sophical problems. The surveys, it is to be hoped, may also help to strengthen a world-wide Socratic element of modern philosophy, the dialogue or Kommunikationsgemeinschaft. So far, five volumes have been prepared for the new series.

African Philosophy in Search of Identity

African Philosophy in Search of Identity Book
Author : D. A. Masolo
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780253207753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

" . . . a great read. It is masterfully presented, and is an ideal text both for advanced undergraduates and graduate students." --International Journal of African Historical Studies " . . . a detailed, critical guide to fifty years of African philosophy . . . " --Teaching Philosophy "Masolo offers an expansive and lucidly panoramic view of the origin and developments in African philosophy." --Africa Today "The excellence of this book lies in the wealth of perspectives that it brings to the discussion on what constitutes philosophy, rationality, and meaningful reflection. It is both thought provoking and illuminating." --Ethics A Kenyan philosopher surveys themes and debates in African philosophy over the last five decades. Masolo's purview includes Francophone and Anglophone philosophers in both the analytic and phenomenological traditions.

Social Science Under Debate

Social Science Under Debate Book
Author : Mario Bunge
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 1999-01-01
ISBN : 9780802083579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bunge contends that social science research has fallen prey to a postmodern fascination with irrationalism and relativism. He urges social scientists to re-examine the philosophy and the methodology at the base of their discipline.

Encyclopedia of Anthropology

Encyclopedia of Anthropology Book
Author : H. James Birx
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0761930299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collects 1,000 entries on the subfields on anthropology, including physical anthropology, archaeology, paleontology, linguistics, and evolution.

A Philosophical History of German Sociology

A Philosophical History of German Sociology Book
Author : Frédéric Vandenberghe
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-09-25
ISBN : 1134027133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Philosophical History of German Sociology presents a systematic reconstruction of critical theory, from the founding fathers of sociology (Marx, Simmel, Weber) via Lukács to the Frankfurt School (Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas). Through an in depth analysis of the theories of alienation, rationalisation and reification, it investigates the metatheoretical presuppositions of a critical theory of the present that not only highlights the reality of domination, but is also able to highlight the possibilities of emancipation. Although not written as a textbook, its clear and cogent introduction to some of the main theories of sociology make this book a valuable resource for undergraduates and postgraduates alike. The following in-depth investigation of theories of alienation and reification offer essential material for any critique of the dehumanizing tendencies of today’s global world. Recently translated into English from the original French for the first time, this text showcases Vandenberghe's mastery of the German, French and English schools of sociology study. The result is an important and challenging text that is essential reading for sociology students of all levels. Frédéric Vandenberghe is a Sociology professor and researcher at Iuperj (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His writings on a broad range of sociological topics have been published as books and articles around the world.

Towards a Rational Philosophical Anthropology

Towards a Rational Philosophical Anthropology Book
Author : J. Agassi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401010951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The thesis of the present volume is critical and dual. (1) Present day philosophy of man and sciences of man suffer from the Greek mis taken polarization of everything human into nature and convention which is (allegedly) good and evil, which is (allegedly) truth and fal sity, which is (allegedly) rationality and irrationality, to wit, the polar ization of all fields of inquiry, the natural and social sciences, as well as ethics and all technology, whether natural or social, into the totally positive and the totally negative. (2) Almost all philosophy and sci ences of man share the erroneous work ethic which is the myth of man's evil nature - the myth of the beast in man, the doctrine of original sin. To mediate or to compromise between the first view of human nature as good with the second view of it as evil, sociologists have devised a modified utilitarianism with deferred gratification so called, and the theory of the evil of artificial competition (capitalist and socialist alike) and of keeping up with the Joneses. Now, the mediation is not necessary. For, the polarization makes for abstract errors which are simplistic views of rationality, such as reductionism and positivism of all sorts, as well as for concrete errors, such as the disposition to condemn repeatedly those human weaknesses which are inevitable, namely man's inability to be perfectly rational, avoid all error, etc. , thus setting man against himself as all too wicked.

Social Action and Human Nature

Social Action and Human Nature Book
Author : Axel Honneth,Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Institut F Axel Honneth,Ernst Troeltsch Professor for the Sociology of Religion Hans Joas,Hans Joas
Publisher : CUP Archive
Release : 1988
ISBN : 9780521339353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Women in Philosophy

Women in Philosophy Book
Author : Katrina Hutchison,Fiona Jenkins
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-10-23
ISBN : 0199325626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite its place in the humanities, the career prospects and numbers of women in philosophy much more closely resemble those found in the sciences and engineering. This book collects a series of critical essays by female philosophers pursuing the question of why philosophy continues to be inhospitable to women and what can be done to change it. By examining the social and institutional conditions of contemporary academic philosophy in the Anglophone world as well as its methods, culture, and characteristic commitments, the volume provides a case study in interpretation of one academic discipline in which women's progress seems to have stalled since initial gains made in the 1980s. Some contributors make use of concepts developed in other contexts to explain women's under-representation, including the effects of unconscious biases, stereotype threat, and micro-inequities. Other chapters draw on the resources of feminist philosophy to challenge everyday understandings of time, communication, authority and merit, as these shape effective but often unrecognized forms of discrimination and exclusion. Often it is assumed that women need to change to fit existing institutions. This book instead offers concrete reflections on the way in which philosophy needs to change, in order to accommodate and benefit from the important contribution women's full participation makes to the discipline.

Waiting

Waiting Book
Author : Ghassan Hage
Publisher : Melbourne Univ. Publishing
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780522856934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this rich and insightful collection of essays, leading anthropologist Ghassan Hage brings together academics across political science, philosophy, anthropology and sociology for an examination into the experience of waiting. What is it to wait? What do we wait for? And how is waiting connected to the social worlds in which we live? From Beckett's darkly comic play Waiting for Godot, to the perpetual waiting of refugees to return home or to moments of intense anticipation such as falling in love or the birth of a baby, there are many ways in which we wait. This compelling collection of essays suggests that this experience is among the essential conditions that make us human and connect us to others.

New Dimensions of Confucian and Neo Confucian Philosophy

New Dimensions of Confucian and Neo Confucian Philosophy Book
Author : Zhongying Cheng
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 1991-01-01
ISBN : 9780791402832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book to thoroughly explore Confucian and Neo-Confucian metaphysics and ethics, building upon the creativity and temporality of human existence and human nature as well as their extension into human culture. Fundamental essays deal cogently with the relationship between Chinese language and Chinese philosophy, offering general categories which shape the matrix of ideas woven in Chinese philosophy from its very beginnings. Along with more general characterizations, there are themes placing Confucian thinkers in touch with modern communication theories, perceptions of individuals, religious themes, and scientific worldviews. Conceptual and comparative essays probe the frontiers of Chinese philosophy in its contemporary Confucian revival.

Postliberal Theology A Guide for the Perplexed

Postliberal Theology  A Guide for the Perplexed Book
Author : Ronald T. Michener
Publisher : A&C Black
Release : 2013-02-14
ISBN : 0567245411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Postliberal theology is a movement in contemporary theology that rejects both the Enlightenment appeal to a 'universal rationality' and the liberal assumption of an immediate religious experience common to all humanity. The movement initially began in the 1980s with its association to Yale Divinity School by theologians such as Hans Frei, Paul Holmer, David Kelsey, and George Lindbeck, who were themselves significantly influenced by the works of Karl Barth, Clifford Geertz, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. Postliberalism uses a narrative approach to theology, arguing that all thought and experience is historically and socially mediated. Michener provides the reader with an accessible overview of the origins, current thought, potential problems, and future possibilities of postliberal theology. The movement's philosophical and theological backdrop is briefly discussed, along with the seminal theologians identified with the movement. Michener shows how postliberalism emerges from the context of the postmodern critique of Enlightenment rationalism and empiricism not as an advancer of the agenda of classical liberal theology but rather as its resounding critic.