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Phenotyping Crop Plants For Physiological And Biochemical Traits

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Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits

Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits Book
Author : P. Sudhakar,P. Latha,PV Reddy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-05
ISBN : 0128041102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits presents a proven range of methodologies and practices for effective, efficient, and appropriate typing of crop plants. By addressing the basic principles and precautions needed when conducting crop-based experiments, this book guides the reader in selecting the appropriate method based on the growing environment, whether greenhouse, pot, field, or liquid (hydroponic). By addressing the quantification of seed traits related to growth experiments, including their viability and vigor, this book presents methodology options for optimum yield based on potential abiotic stresses. Discusses various methods that can contribute to phenotyping of crop plants for various physiological and biochemical traits Presents reliable techniques for phenotyping or quantifying plant characters during varied climatic conditions Provides insights for selecting appropriate methodologies for specific crop growing situations Identifies the most appropriate protocols and methods for analyzing crop traits

Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits

Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits Book
Author : P. Sudhakar (Senior scientist),P. Latha,P. V. Reddy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9789383635078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits book written by P. Sudhakar (Senior scientist),P. Latha,P. V. Reddy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phenomics in Crop Plants Trends Options and Limitations

Phenomics in Crop Plants  Trends  Options and Limitations Book
Author : Jitendra Kumar,Aditya Pratap,Shiv Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-05
ISBN : 8132222261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Identification of desirable genotypes with traits of interest is discernible for making genetic improvement of crop plants. In this direction, screening of a large number of germplasm for desirable traits and transfer of identified traits into agronomic backgrounds through recombination breeding is the common breeding approach. Although visual screening is easier for qualitative traits, its use is not much effective for quantitative traits and also for those, which are difficult to score visually. Therefore, it is imperative to phenotype the germplasm accessions and breeding materials precisely using high throughput phenomics tools for challenging and complex traits under natural, controlled and harsh environmental conditions. Realizing the importance of phenotyping data towards identification and utilization of a germplasm as donors, global scientific community has exerted increased focus on advancing phenomics in crop plants leading to development of a number of techniques and methodologies for screening of agronomic, physiological, and biochemical traits. These technologies have now become much advanced and entered the era of digital science. This book provides exhaustive information on various aspects related to phenotyping of crop plants and offers a most comprehensive reference on the developments made in traditional and high throughput phenotyping of agricultural crops.

Biotic and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Biotic and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : Sharad Vats
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-11
ISBN : 9811090297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights some of the most important biochemical, physiological and molecular aspects of plant stress, together with the latest updates. It is divided into 14 chapters, written by eminent experts from around the globe and highlighting the effects of plant stress (biotic and abiotic) on the photosynthetic apparatus, metabolites, programmed cell death, germination etc. In turn, the role of beneficial elements, glutathione-S-transferase, phosphite and nitric oxide in the adaptive response of plants under stress and as a stimulator of better plant performance is also discussed. A dedicated chapter addresses research advances in connection with Capsicum, a commercially important plant, and stress tolerance, from classical breeding to the recent use of large-scale transcriptome and genome sequencing technologies. The book also explores the significance of the liliputians of the plant kingdom (Bryophytes) as biomonitors/bioindicators, and general and specialized bioinformatics resources that can benefit anyone working in the field of plant stress biology. Given the information compiled here, the book will offer a valuable guide for students and researchers of plant molecular biology and stress physiology alike.

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 0128140453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry is the ideal primer for food scientists, researchers, students and young professionals who want to acquaint themselves with food chemistry. Well-organized, clearly written, and abundantly referenced, the book provides a foundation for readers to understand the principles, concepts, and techniques used in food chemistry applications. Articles are written by international experts and cover a wide range of topics, including food chemistry, food components and their interactions, properties (flavor, aroma, texture) the structure of food, functional foods, processing, storage, nanoparticles for food use, antioxidants, the Maillard and Strecker reactions, process derived contaminants, and the detection of economically-motivated food adulteration. The encyclopedia will provide readers with an introduction to specific topics within the wider context of food chemistry, as well as helping them identify the links between the various sub-topics. Offers readers a comprehensive understanding of food chemistry and the various connections between the sub-topics Provides an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and upwards Meticulously organized, with articles structured logically based on the various elements of food chemistry

Practical Techniques in Molecular Biotechnology

Practical Techniques in Molecular Biotechnology Book
Author : Bal Ram Singh,Raj Kumar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-10-31
ISBN : 1108486401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book will be useful for undergraduate students as a supplementary/reference text in the field of molecular biotechnology.

Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping

Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping Book
Author : Ashok Samal,Sruti Das Choudhury
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-21
ISBN : 1351709992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Domesticated crops are the result of artificial selection for particular phenotypes or, in some cases, natural selection for an adaptive trait. Plant traits can be identified through image-based plant phenotyping, a process that was, until recently, strenous and time-consuming. Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping reviews information on time-saving techniques, using computer vision and imaging technologies. These methodologies provide an automated, non-invasive, and scalable mechanism by which to define and collect plant phenotypes. Beautifully illustrated, with numerous color images, the book focuses on phenotypes measured from individual plants under controlled experimental conditions, which are widely available in high-throughput systems. Features: Presents methodologies for image processing, including data-driven and machine learning techniques for plant phenotyping. Features information on advanced techniques for extracting phenotypes through images and image sequences captured in a variety of modalities. Includes real-world scientific problems, including predicting yield by modeling interactions between plant data and environmental information. Discusses the challenge of translating images into biologically informative quantitative phenotypes. A practical resource for students, researchers, and practitioners, this book is invaluable for those working in the emerging fields at the intersection of computer vision and plant sciences.

Molecular Genetics Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding

Molecular Genetics  Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding Book
Author : Søren K. Rasmussen
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 3039288776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue on molecular genetics, genomics, and biotechnology in crop plant breeding seeks to encourage the use of the tools currently available. It features nine research papers that address quality traits, grain yield, and mutations by exploring cytoplasmic male sterility, the delicate control of flowering in rice, the removal of anti-nutritional factors, the use and development of new technologies for non-model species marker technology, site-directed mutagenesis and GMO regulation, genomics selection and genome-wide association studies, how to cope with abiotic stress, and an exploration of fruit trees adapted to harsh environments for breeding purposes. A further four papers review the genetics of pre-harvest spouting, readiness for climate-smart crop development, genomic selection in the breeding of cereal crops, and the large numbers of mutants in straw lignin biosynthesis and deposition.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Book
Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-09-18
ISBN : 0203908422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from over 70 international experts, this reference provides comprehensive coverage of plant physiological stages and processes under both normal and stressful conditions. It emphasizes environmental factors, climatic changes, developmental stages, and growth regulators as well as linking plant and crop physiology to the production of food, feed, and medicinal compounds. Offering over 300 useful tables, equations, drawings, photographs, and micrographs, the book covers cellular and molecular aspects of plant and crop physiology, plant and crop physiological responses to heavy metal concentration and agrichemicals, computer modeling in plant physiology, and more.

Crop Breeding for Drought Resistance

Crop Breeding for Drought Resistance Book
Author : Lijun Luo,Hanwei Mei,Hui Xi,Roberto Tuberosa,Henry T. Nguyen,Baorong Lu
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-07-12
ISBN : 288945861X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Crop Breeding for Drought Resistance book written by Lijun Luo,Hanwei Mei,Hui Xi,Roberto Tuberosa,Henry T. Nguyen,Baorong Lu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

High Throughput Crop Phenotyping

High Throughput Crop Phenotyping Book
Author : Jianfeng Zhou
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-18
ISBN : 3030737349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High Throughput Crop Phenotyping book written by Jianfeng Zhou, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

OMICS Applications in Crop Science

OMICS Applications in Crop Science Book
Author : Debmalya Barh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-16
ISBN : 1466585315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Merging topical data from recently published review and research articles, as well as the knowledge and insight of industry experts, Omics Applications in Crop Science delves into plant science, and various technologies that use omics in agriculture. This book concentrates on crop breeding and environmental applications, and examines the applicatio

Water Stress and Crop Plants

Water Stress and Crop Plants Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-08
ISBN : 1119054478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants are subjected to a variety of abiotic stresses such as drought, temperature, salinity, air pollution, heavy metals, UV radiations, etc. To survive under these harsh conditions plants are equipped with different resistance mechanisms which vary from species to species. Due to the environmental fluctuations agricultural and horticultural crops are often exposed to different environmental stresses leading to decreased yield and problems in the growth and development of the crops. Drought stress has been found to decrease the yield to an alarming rate of some important crops throughout the globe. During last few decades, lots of physiological and molecular works have been conducted under water stress in crop plants. Water Stress and Crop Plants: A Sustainable Approach presents an up-to-date in-depth coverage of drought and flooding stress in plants, including the types, causes and consequences on plant growth and development. It discusses the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches, and responses of crop plants towards water stress. Topics include nutritional stress, oxidative stress, hormonal regulation, transgenic approaches, mitigation of water stress, approaches to sustainability, and modern tools and techniques to alleviate the water stress on crop yields. This practical book offers pragmatic guidance for scientists and researchers in plant biology, and agribusinesses and biotechnology companies dealing with agronomy and environment, to mitigate the negative effects of stress and improve yield under stress. The broad coverage also makes this a valuable guide enabling students to understand the physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of environmental stress in plants.

Molecular Plant Breeding

Molecular Plant Breeding Book
Author : Yunbi Xu
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1845933923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in plant genomics and molecular biology have revolutionized our understanding of plant genetics, providing new opportunities for more efficient and controllable plant breeding. Successful techniques require a solid understanding of the underlying molecular biology as well as experience in applied plant breeding. Bridging the gap between developments in biotechnology and its applications in plant improvement, Molecular Plant Breeding provides an integrative overview of issues from basic theories to their applications to crop improvement including molecular marker technology, gene mapping, genetic transformation, quantitative genetics, and breeding methodology.

Plant Stress Physiology 2nd Edition

Plant Stress Physiology  2nd Edition Book
Author : Sergey Shabala
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2017-01-20
ISBN : 1780647298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely updated from the successful first edition, this book provides a timely update on the recent progress in our knowledge of all aspects of plant perception, signalling and adaptation to a variety of environmental stresses. It covers in detail areas such as drought, salinity, waterlogging, oxidative stress, pathogens, and extremes of temperature and pH. This second edition presents detailed and up-to-date research on plant responses to a wide range of stresses Includes new full-colour figures to help illustrate the principles outlined in the text Is written in a clear and accessible format, with descriptive abstracts for each chapter. Written by an international team of experts, this book provides researchers with a better understanding of the major physiological and molecular mechanisms facilitating plant tolerance to adverse environmental factors. This new edition of Plant Stress Physiology is an essential resource for researchers and students of ecology, plant biology, agriculture, agronomy and plant breeding.

Engineering Nitrogen Utilization in Crop Plants

Engineering Nitrogen Utilization in Crop Plants Book
Author : Ashok Shrawat,Adel Zayed,David A. Lightfoot
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-28
ISBN : 3319929585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses and addresses the rapidly increasing world population demand for food, which is expected to double by 2050. To meet these demands farmers will need to improve crop productivity, which relies heavily on nitrogen (N) fertilization. Production of N fertilizers, however, consumes huge amounts of energy and the loss of excess N fertilizers to leaching results in the pollution of waterways and oceans. Therefore, increasing plant nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is essential to help farmers produce more while conserving the environment. This book assembles some of the best work of top researchers from academic and industrial institutions in the area of NUE and provides valuable insight to scholars and researchers by its comprehensive discussion of current and future strategies to improve NUE through genetic manipulation. This book should also be highly valuable to policy makers, environmentalists, farmers, biotechnology executives, and to the hard-core researchers working in the lab.

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques Book
Author : Narendra Tuteja,Renu Tuteja,Nishat Passricha,Shabnam Saifi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-06-13
ISBN : 0128185821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques presents updates on biotechnology and molecular biological approaches which have contributed significantly to crop improvement. The book discusses the emerging importance of bioinformatics in analyzing the vast resources of information regarding crop improvement and its practical application and utilization. Throughout this comprehensive resource, emphasis is placed on various techniques used to improve agricultural crops, providing a common platform for the utility of these techniques and their combinations. Written by an international team of contributors, this book provides an in-depth analysis of existing tools and a framework for new research. Reviews techniques used for crop improvement, from selection and crossing over, to microorganismal approaches Explores the role of conventional biotechnology in crop improvement Summarizes the combined approaches of cytogenetics and biotechnology for crop improvement, including the importance of molecular techniques in this process Focuses on the emerging role of bioinformatics for crop improvement

Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules

Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules Book
Author : Amitav Bhattacharya
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-14
ISBN : 0128176059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules presents a comprehensive overview on the direct effect of temperatures defined as "high", a definition which increasingly includes a great number of geographic regions. As temperature impacts the number of base growth days, it is necessary to adapt plant selection, strategize planting times, and understand the expected impact of adaptive steps to ensure maximum plant health and crop yield. Global warming, climate change and change in environmental conditions have become common phrases in nearly every scientific seminar, symposium and meeting, thus these changes in climatic patterns constrain normal growth and reproduction cycles. This book reviews the effect of high temperature on agricultural crop production and the effect of high temperature stress on the metabolic aspects of macro molecules, including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, secondary metabolites, and plant growth hormones. Focuses on the effects of high temperature on agriculture and the metabolism of important macro-molecules Discusses strategies for improving heat tolerance, thus educating plant and molecular breeders in their attempts to improve efficiencies and crop production Provides information that can be applied today and in future research

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production Book
Author : Surinder Kumar Gupta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-25
ISBN : 0128014695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production: Opportunities and Constraints presents key insights into accelerating the breeding of sustainable and superior varieties. The book explores the genetic engineering/biotechnology that has played a vital role in transforming economically important traits from distant/wild species to cultivated varieties, enhancing the quality and quantity of oil and seed yield production. Integrated nutrient management, efficient water management, and forecasting models for pests diseases outbreaks and integrated pest and pest management have also added new dimensions in breeding for sustainable production. With the rise in demand, the scientific community has responded positively by directing a greater amount of research towards sustainable production both for edible and industrial uses. Covering the latest information on various major world oil crops including rapeseed mustard, sunflower, groundnut, sesame, oilpalm, cotton, linseed/flax, castor and olive, this book brings the latest advances together in a single volume for researchers and advanced level students. Describes various methods and systems to achieve sustainable production in all major oilseed crops Addresses breeding, biology and utilization aspects simultaneously including those species whose information is not available elsewhere Includes information on modern biotechnological and molecular techniques and production technologies Relevant for international government, industrial and academic programs in research and development

Photosynthesis in a Changing Global Climate a Matter of Scale

Photosynthesis in a Changing Global Climate  a Matter of Scale Book
Author : Iker Aranjuelo,Marouane Baslam,Alvaro Sanz-Saez
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-02-25
ISBN : 2889665135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Photosynthesis in a Changing Global Climate a Matter of Scale book written by Iker Aranjuelo,Marouane Baslam,Alvaro Sanz-Saez, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.