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Phase Transformations

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Phase Transformations in Materials

Phase Transformations in Materials Book
Author : G. Kostorz
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2001-10-25
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For all kinds of materials, phase transformations show common phenomena and mechanisms, and often turn a material, for example metals, multiphase alloys, ceramics or composites, into its technological useful form. The physics and thermodynamics of a transformation from the solid to liquid state or from one crystal form to another are therefore essential for creating high-performance materials. This handbook covers phase transformations, a general phenomenon central to understanding the behavior of materials and for creating high-performance materials. It will be an essential reference for all materials scientists, physicists and engineers involved in the research and development of new high performance materials. It is the revised and enhanced edition of the renowned book edited by the late P. Haasen in 1990 (Vol. 5, Materials Science and Technology).

High Pressure Phase Transformations Handbook 3

High Pressure Phase Transformations Handbook 3 Book
Author : E. Yu Tonkov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-04-01
ISBN : 9782884490177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High Pressure Phase Transformations Handbook 3 book written by E. Yu Tonkov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations Book
Author : Srikumar Banerjee,Pradip Mukhopadhyay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-05-31
ISBN : 9780080548791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The terms phase transitions and phase transformations are often used in an interchangeable manner in the metallurgical literature. In Phase Transformations, transformations driven by pressure changes, radiation and deformation and those occurring in nanoscale multilayers are brought to the fore. Order-disorder transformations, many of which constitute very good examples of continuous transformations, are dealt with in a comprehensive manner. Almost all types of phase transformations and reactions that are commonly encountered in inorganic materials are covered and the underlying thermodynamic, kinetic and crystallographic aspects elucidated. Shows readers the advancements in the field - due to enhanced computing power and superior experimental capability Drawing upon the background and the research experience of the authors, bringing together a wealth of experience Written essentially from a physical metallurgists view point

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book
Author : Mats Hillert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-11-22
ISBN : 1139465864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Third Edition Revised Reprint

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys  Third Edition  Revised Reprint  Book
Author : David A. Porter,Kenneth E. Easterling
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-09-10
ISBN : 9780748757411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the decade since the first edition of this popular text was published, the metallurgical field has undergone rapid developments in many sectors. Nonetheless, the underlying principles governing these developments remain the same. A textbook that presents these advances within the context of the fundamentals is greatly needed by instructors in the field Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys, Second Edition maintains the simplicity that undergraduate instructors and students have come to appreciate while updating and expanding coverage of recently developed methods and materials. The book is effectively divided into two parts. The beginning chapters contain the background material necessary for understanding phase transformations - thermodynamics, kinetics, diffusion theory and the structure and properties of interfaces. The following chapters deal with specific transformations - solidification, diffusional transformation in solids and diffusionless transformation. Case studies of engineering alloys are incorporated to provide a link between theory and practice. New additions include an extended list of further reading at the end of each chapter and a section containing complete solutions to all exercises in the book Designed for final year undergraduate and postgraduate students of metallurgy, materials science, or engineering materials, this is an ideal textbook for both students and instructors.

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations Book
Author : Patrice E.A. Turchi,A. Gonis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461524768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of phase transformations in substitutional alloys, including order disorder phenomena and structural transformations, plays a crucial role in understanding the physical and mechanical properties of materials, and in designing alloys with desired technologically important characteristics. Indeed, most of the physical properties, including equilibrium properties, transport, magnetic, vibrational as well as mechanical properties of alloys are often controlled by and are highly sensitive to the existence of ordered compounds and to the occurrence of structural transformations. Correspondingly, the alloy designer facing the task of processing new high-performance materials with properties that meet specific industrial applications must answer the following question: What is the crystalline structure and the atomic configuration that an alloy may exhibit at given temperature and concentration? Usually the answer is sought in the phase-diagram of a relevant system that is often determined experimentally and does not provide insight to the underlying mechanisms driving phase stability. Because of the rather tedious and highly risky nature of developing new materials through conventional metallurgical techniques, a great deal of effort has been expended in devising methods for understanding the mechanisms contrOlling phase transformations at the microscopic level. These efforts have been bolstered through the development of fully ab initio, accurate theoretical models, coupled with the advent of new experimental methods and of powerful supercomputer capabilities.

High Pressure Phase Transformations

High Pressure Phase Transformations Book
Author : Evgeniĭ I︠U︡rʹevich Tonkov
Publisher : Gordon & Breach Science Publishers
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9782881247613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High Pressure Phase Transformations book written by Evgeniĭ I︠U︡rʹevich Tonkov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS Book
Author : V RAGHAVAN
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 1987-01-01
ISBN : 8120304608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international authority on phase transformation, this text elucidates the principles of phase transformations in solids in general and metals and alloys in particular. The book is intended for advanced level undergraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, first year postgraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, and M.Sc. students of solid-state physics and solid-state chemistry.

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Book
Author : David A. Porter,Kenneth E. Easterling,Mohamed Y. Sherif
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-08
ISBN : 1000467791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revised to reflect recent developments in the field, Phase Transformation in Metals and Alloys, Fourth Edition, continues to be the most authoritative and approachable resource on the subject. It supplies a comprehensive overview of specific types of phase transformations, supplemented by practical case studies of engineering alloys. The book’s unique presentation links a basic understanding of theory with application in a gradually progressive yet exciting manner. Based on the authors’ teaching notes, the text takes a pedagogical approach and provides examples for applications and problems that can be readily used for exercises. NEW IN THE FOURTH EDITION 40% of the figures and 30% of the text Insights provided by numerical modelling techniques such as ab initio, phase field, cellular automaton, and molecular dynamics Insights from the application of advanced experimental techniques, such as high-energy X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, combined with electron backscattered diffraction New treatment of ternary phase diagrams and solubility products The concept of paraequilibrium in systems containing highly mobile interstitial elements Thermodynamics of grain boundaries and the influence of segregation on grain boundary diffusion Reference to software tools for solving diffusion problems in multicomponent systems Introduction to concepts related to coincident site lattices and methods for determining the dislocation content of grain boundaries and interfaces Updated treatment of coherency and interface structure including the important fcc–bcc interfaces Treatment of metallic glasses expanded to cover critical cooling rate Austin–Rickets equation introduced as an alternative to the Avrami equation in the case of precipitation kinetics Discussion of the effects of overlap in nucleation, growth and coarsening Discussion of pearlite and bainite transformations updated Entirely new and extensive treatment of diffusionless martensitic transformations covering athermal and thermally activated martensite in ferrous systems as well as shape memory, superelasticity and rubber-like behavior in ordered nonferrous alloys New practical applications covering spinodal alloys, fir-tree structures in aluminum castings, Al–Cu–Li aerospace alloys, superelastic and shape memory alloys, quenched and partitioned steels, advanced high-strength steels and martensitic stainless steels Each chapter now concludes with a summary of the main points References to scientific publications and suggestions for further reading updated to reflect experimental and computational advances Aimed at students studying metallurgy and materials science and engineering, the Fourth Edition retains the previous editions’ popular easy-to-follow style and excellent mix of basic and advanced information, making it ideal for those who are new to the field. A new solutions manual and PowerPoint figure slides are available to adopting professors.

Solid state phase transformations

Solid state phase transformations Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Allied Publishers
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9788177641882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Solid state phase transformations book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations Book
Author : Alexander Umantsev
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-04-23
ISBN : 1461414873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main subject of the book is the continuum, field theoretic method of study of phase transformations in material systems. The method, also known as "phase field", allows one to analyze different stages of transformations on the unified platform. It has received significant attention in the materials science community recently due to many successes in solving or illuminating important problems. The book will address fundamentals of the method starting from the classical theories of phase transitions, the most important theoretical and computational results, and some of the most advanced recent applications.

Phase Transformations and Heat Treatments of Steels

Phase Transformations and Heat Treatments of Steels Book
Author : Bankim Chandra Ray,Rajesh Kumar Prusty,Deepak Nayak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-01
ISBN : 0429673086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The perpetual flow of understanding between phase transformation that controls grain/microstructures and heat treatment which decides the size of grains/microstructures of steels is not well articulated in the perspective of undergraduate students. In Phase Transformations and Heat Treatments of Steels, theories of phase transformation have been used to obtain a desirable phase or combination of phases by performing appropriate heat treatment operations, leading to unification of both the concepts. Further, it includes special and critical heat treatment practices, case studies, local and in-service heat treatments, curative and preventive measures of heat treatment defects for several common and high-performance applications. Features: Presents fundamentals of phase transformation in steels Analyzes basics of phase transformation due to heat treatment of steel under various environmental conditions Explains application of heat treatment for different structural components Discusses heat treatment defects and detection Emphasizes heat treatment of special steels and in-situ heat treatment practices

Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals

Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals Book
Author : Institute of Metals. Metal Physics Committee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1955
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals book written by Institute of Metals. Metal Physics Committee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Transformations and Systems Driven Far From Equilibrium Volume 481

Phase Transformations and Systems Driven Far From Equilibrium  Volume 481 Book
Author : En Ma,Michael Atzmon,Pascal Bellon,Rohit Trivedi
Publisher : Materials Research Society
Release : 1998-07-29
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Just over 100 invited and contributed papers emphasize understanding the thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations, with significant coverage of metastable materials and externally forced transformations driven, for example, by energy beams or mechanical deformation. They cover solidification theory and experiments, nucleation, solid-state transformations and microstructural evolution, beam-induced transformations, amorphous solids, interfacial and thin-film transformations, and nanophases and mechanical alloying. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Phase Transitions in Materials

Phase Transitions in Materials Book
Author : Brent Fultz
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-08-14
ISBN : 1107067243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A clear, concise and rigorous textbook covering phase transitions in the context of advances in electronic structure and statistical mechanics.

Phase Transformations of Elements Under High Pressure

Phase Transformations of Elements Under High Pressure Book
Author : E. Yu Tonkov,E.G. Ponyatovsky
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 1420037609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As laboratories replace heavy hydraulic presses and bulky high-pressure chambers with miniature diamond anvils, traditional heaters with laser heating, and continue to improve methods of shock compression, there has been considerable new data obtained from the high-pressure, high-temperature modification of pure elements. The dense metallic modification of elements shows the potential for achieving superconductivity akin to theoretical predictions. Phase Transformations of Elements Under High Pressure contains the latest theoretical and experimental information on nearly 100 elements, including first-and second-phase transitions, melting lines, crystal structures of stable and metastable phases, stability of polymorphic modifications, and other useful properties and data. It emphasizes features such as changes in the liquid state, amorphization, and metallization, and provides temperature-pressure diagrams for every element. The book also describes the transitions of polymeric forms of fullerene, crystal modifications of elements stable under high pressures, and provides data that confirms their superconducting and magnetic properties. This handbook will be a lasting reference for scientists in a broad range of disciplines, including solid-state physics, chemistry, crystallography, mineralogy, and materials science.

Phase Transformations in Steels

Phase Transformations in Steels Book
Author : Elena Pereloma,David V Edmonds
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-11
ISBN : 0857096109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The processing-microstructure-property relationships in steels continue to present challenges to researchers because of the complexity of phase transformation reactions and the wide spectrum of microstructures and properties achievable. This major two-volume work summarises the current state of research on phase transformations in steels and its implications for the emergence of new steels with enhanced engineering properties. Volume 1 reviews fundamentals and diffusion-controlled phase transformations. After a historical overview, chapters in part one discuss fundamental principles of thermodynamics, diffusion and kinetics as well as phase boundary interfaces. Chapters in part two go on to consider ferrite formation, proeutectoid ferrite and cementite transformations, pearlite formation and massive austenite-ferrite phase transformations. Part three discusses the mechanisms of bainite transformations, including carbide-containing and carbide-free bainite. The final part of the book considers additional driving forces for transformation including nucleation and growth during austenite-to-ferrite phase transformations, dynamic strain-induced ferrite transformations (DIST) as well as the effects of magnetic fields and heating rates. With its distinguished editors and distinguished international team of contributors, the two volumes of Phase transformations in steels is a standard reference for all those researching the properties of steel and developing new steels in such areas as automotive engineering, oil and gas and energy production. Discusses the fundamental principles of thermodynamics, diffusion and kinetics Considers various transformations, including ferrite formation, proeutectoid ferrite and cementite transformations Considers additional driving forces for transformation including nucleation and growth during austenite-to-ferrite phase transformations

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Book
Author : David A. Porter,K. E. Easterling
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 9780412384004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys book written by David A. Porter,K. E. Easterling, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Transformations in Steels

Phase Transformations in Steels Book
Author : Elena Pereloma,David V Edmonds
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-11
ISBN : 0857096117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The processing-microstructure-property relationships in steels continue to present challenges to researchers because of the complexity of phase transformation reactions and the wide spectrum of microstructures and properties achievable. This major two-volume work summarises the current state of research on phase transformations in steels and its implications for the emergence of new steels with enhanced engineering properties. Volume 2 reviews current research on diffusionless transformations and phase transformations in high strength steels, as well as advances in modelling and analytical techniques which underpin this research. Chapters in part one discuss the crystallography and kinetics of martensite transformations, the morphology, substructure and tempering of martensite as well as shape memory in ferrous alloys. Part two summarises research on phase transformations in high strength low alloy (HSLA) steels, transformation induced plasticity (TRIP)-assisted multiphase steels, quenched and partitioned steels, advanced nanostructured bainitic steels, high manganese twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) and maraging steels. The final two parts of the book review advances in modelling and the use of advanced analytical techniques to improve our understanding of phase transformations in steels. With its distinguished editors and distinguished international team of contributors, the two volumes of Phase transformations in steels is a standard reference for all those researching the properties of steel and developing new steels in such areas as automotive engineering, oil and gas and energy production. Alongside its companion volume, this major two-volume work summarises the current state of research on phase transformations in steels Reviews research on diffusionless transformations and phase transformations in high strength steels Examines advances in modelling and the use of advanced analytical techniques to improve understanding of phase transformations in steels

Proceedings of the International Conference on Martensitic Transformations Chicago

Proceedings of the International Conference on Martensitic Transformations  Chicago Book
Author : Aaron P. Stebner,Gregory B. Olson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-11
ISBN : 3319769685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection is organized around the central theme of “Martensite by Design.” Contributions include design, microstructure, properties, advanced processing and manufacturing, performance, phase transformations, and characterization.