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Phase Transformations

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Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Third Edition Revised Reprint

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys  Third Edition  Revised Reprint  Book
Author : David A. Porter,Kenneth E. Easterling
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-09-10
ISBN : 9780748757411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the decade since the first edition of this popular text was published, the metallurgical field has undergone rapid developments in many sectors. Nonetheless, the underlying principles governing these developments remain the same. A textbook that presents these advances within the context of the fundamentals is greatly needed by instructors in the field Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys, Second Edition maintains the simplicity that undergraduate instructors and students have come to appreciate while updating and expanding coverage of recently developed methods and materials. The book is effectively divided into two parts. The beginning chapters contain the background material necessary for understanding phase transformations - thermodynamics, kinetics, diffusion theory and the structure and properties of interfaces. The following chapters deal with specific transformations - solidification, diffusional transformation in solids and diffusionless transformation. Case studies of engineering alloys are incorporated to provide a link between theory and practice. New additions include an extended list of further reading at the end of each chapter and a section containing complete solutions to all exercises in the book Designed for final year undergraduate and postgraduate students of metallurgy, materials science, or engineering materials, this is an ideal textbook for both students and instructors.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations Book
Author : Michel Soustelle
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-14
ISBN : 1119178592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is part of a set of books which offers advanced students successive characterization tool phases, the study of all types of phase (liquid, gas and solid, pure or multi-component), process engineering, chemical and electrochemical equilibria, and the properties of surfaces and phases of small sizes. Macroscopic and microscopic models are in turn covered with a constant correlation between the two scales. Particular attention has been given to the rigor of mathematical developments. This fifth volume is devoted to the study of transformations and equilibria between phases. First- and second-order pure phase transformations are presented in detail, just as with the macroscopic and microscopic approaches of phase equilibria. In the presentation of binary systems, the thermodynamics of azeotropy and demixing are discussed in detail and applied to strictly-regular solutions. Eutectic and peritectic points are examined, as well as the reactions that go with them. The study of ternary systems then introduces the concepts of ternary azeotropes and eutectics. For each type of solid-liquid system, the interventions of definite compounds with or without congruent melting are taken into account. The particular properties of the different notable points of a diagram are also demonstrated.

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS Book
Author : V RAGHAVAN
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 1987-01-01
ISBN : 8120304608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international authority on phase transformation, this text elucidates the principles of phase transformations in solids in general and metals and alloys in particular. The book is intended for advanced level undergraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, first year postgraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, and M.Sc. students of solid-state physics and solid-state chemistry.

Phase Transformations and Evolution in Materials

Phase Transformations and Evolution in Materials Book
Author : TMS Committee on Alloy Phases
Publisher : Tms
Release : 2000
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a collection of papers presented at the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, held in Nashville, Tennessee, in March, 2000. The symposium emphasizes both theoretical and experimental aspects of phase transformations and evolutions in materials. Topics addressed in papers include: mechanical properties of structurally heterogeneous systems; simulations of structural transformations; large-scale modelling of microstructure evolution in martensites; applying the concentration wave method to predict ordering phenomena in substitutional alloys and ceramic materials; and use of the phase field method to study coherent transformations.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations Book
Author : Elias C. Aifantis,John Gittus
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1986-09-30
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most papers based on contributions given at the Symposium on Phase Transformations--an Interdisciplinary Gathering, held in Newark, Del., Aug. 21-22, 1983, at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Society of Engineering Science.

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Revised Reprint

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys  Revised Reprint  Book
Author : David A. Porter,Kenneth E. Easterling
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-02-10
ISBN : 1439883572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expanded and revised to cover developments in the field over the past 17 years, and now reprinted to correct errors in the prior printing, Phase Transformation in Metals and Alloys, Third Edition provides information and examples that better illustrate the engineering relevance of this topic. It supplies a comprehensive overview of specific types o

Phase Transformations of Elements Under High Pressure

Phase Transformations of Elements Under High Pressure Book
Author : E. Yu Tonkov,E.G. Ponyatovsky
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 1420037609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As laboratories replace heavy hydraulic presses and bulky high-pressure chambers with miniature diamond anvils, traditional heaters with laser heating, and continue to improve methods of shock compression, there has been considerable new data obtained from the high-pressure, high-temperature modification of pure elements. The dense metallic modification of elements shows the potential for achieving superconductivity akin to theoretical predictions. Phase Transformations of Elements Under High Pressure contains the latest theoretical and experimental information on nearly 100 elements, including first-and second-phase transitions, melting lines, crystal structures of stable and metastable phases, stability of polymorphic modifications, and other useful properties and data. It emphasizes features such as changes in the liquid state, amorphization, and metallization, and provides temperature-pressure diagrams for every element. The book also describes the transitions of polymeric forms of fullerene, crystal modifications of elements stable under high pressures, and provides data that confirms their superconducting and magnetic properties. This handbook will be a lasting reference for scientists in a broad range of disciplines, including solid-state physics, chemistry, crystallography, mineralogy, and materials science.

Phase Transformations in Steels

Phase Transformations in Steels Book
Author : Elena Pereloma,David V Edmonds
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-11
ISBN : 0857096109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The processing-microstructure-property relationships in steels continue to present challenges to researchers because of the complexity of phase transformation reactions and the wide spectrum of microstructures and properties achievable. This major two-volume work summarises the current state of research on phase transformations in steels and its implications for the emergence of new steels with enhanced engineering properties. Volume 1 reviews fundamentals and diffusion-controlled phase transformations. After a historical overview, chapters in part one discuss fundamental principles of thermodynamics, diffusion and kinetics as well as phase boundary interfaces. Chapters in part two go on to consider ferrite formation, proeutectoid ferrite and cementite transformations, pearlite formation and massive austenite-ferrite phase transformations. Part three discusses the mechanisms of bainite transformations, including carbide-containing and carbide-free bainite. The final part of the book considers additional driving forces for transformation including nucleation and growth during austenite-to-ferrite phase transformations, dynamic strain-induced ferrite transformations (DIST) as well as the effects of magnetic fields and heating rates. With its distinguished editors and distinguished international team of contributors, the two volumes of Phase transformations in steels is a standard reference for all those researching the properties of steel and developing new steels in such areas as automotive engineering, oil and gas and energy production. Discusses the fundamental principles of thermodynamics, diffusion and kinetics Considers various transformations, including ferrite formation, proeutectoid ferrite and cementite transformations Considers additional driving forces for transformation including nucleation and growth during austenite-to-ferrite phase transformations

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations Book
Author : Jeffrey J. Hoyt
Publisher :
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781926633282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phase Transformations in Multicomponent Melts

Phase Transformations in Multicomponent Melts Book
Author : Dieter M. Herlach
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-11-24
ISBN : 3527319948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together the concerted efforts of the multicomponent materials community in one decisive reference work, this handbook covers all the important aspects from fundamentals to applications: thermodynamics, microscopic processes, solidification, simulation and modeling. As such, it provides a vital understanding of melt and solidification processes, treating all simulation techniques for continuous and discrete systems, such as molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo, and finite elements calculations.

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations Book
Author : Patrice E.A. Turchi,A. Gonis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461524768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of phase transformations in substitutional alloys, including order disorder phenomena and structural transformations, plays a crucial role in understanding the physical and mechanical properties of materials, and in designing alloys with desired technologically important characteristics. Indeed, most of the physical properties, including equilibrium properties, transport, magnetic, vibrational as well as mechanical properties of alloys are often controlled by and are highly sensitive to the existence of ordered compounds and to the occurrence of structural transformations. Correspondingly, the alloy designer facing the task of processing new high-performance materials with properties that meet specific industrial applications must answer the following question: What is the crystalline structure and the atomic configuration that an alloy may exhibit at given temperature and concentration? Usually the answer is sought in the phase-diagram of a relevant system that is often determined experimentally and does not provide insight to the underlying mechanisms driving phase stability. Because of the rather tedious and highly risky nature of developing new materials through conventional metallurgical techniques, a great deal of effort has been expended in devising methods for understanding the mechanisms contrOlling phase transformations at the microscopic level. These efforts have been bolstered through the development of fully ab initio, accurate theoretical models, coupled with the advent of new experimental methods and of powerful supercomputer capabilities.

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book
Author : Mats Hillert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-11-22
ISBN : 1139465864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations Book
Author : Srikumar Banerjee,Pradip Mukhopadhyay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-05-31
ISBN : 9780080548791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The terms phase transitions and phase transformations are often used in an interchangeable manner in the metallurgical literature. In Phase Transformations, transformations driven by pressure changes, radiation and deformation and those occurring in nanoscale multilayers are brought to the fore. Order-disorder transformations, many of which constitute very good examples of continuous transformations, are dealt with in a comprehensive manner. Almost all types of phase transformations and reactions that are commonly encountered in inorganic materials are covered and the underlying thermodynamic, kinetic and crystallographic aspects elucidated. Shows readers the advancements in the field - due to enhanced computing power and superior experimental capability Drawing upon the background and the research experience of the authors, bringing together a wealth of experience Written essentially from a physical metallurgists view point

Solid Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials

Solid Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials Book
Author : Yves Bréchet,Emmanuel Clouet,Alexis Deschamps,Alphonse Finel,Frédéric Soisson
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-06-30
ISBN : 3038135100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main objective of this special collection was to present state-of-the-art advances in the field of solid-solid phase transformations. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 204 peer-reviewed papers were divided into 10 chapters: 1: Displacive Transformations, 2: Diffusional Transformations, 3: Transition by Interface Migration, 4: Order-Disorder Transitions, 5: Phase Transitions and Size Effect, 6: Driven Systems and Phase Transformations, 7: Phase Transformations during Industrial Processing, 8: Amorphous Alloys, Quasicrystals and other Complex Phases, 9: Advances in the Theory and Modeling of Phase Transitions, 10: Advances in Experimental Techniques. The present work will be a useful supplement to the classic textbooks on the subject.