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Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Third Edition Revised Reprint

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys  Third Edition  Revised Reprint  Book
Author : David A. Porter,Kenneth E. Easterling
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-09-10
ISBN : 9780748757411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the decade since the first edition of this popular text was published, the metallurgical field has undergone rapid developments in many sectors. Nonetheless, the underlying principles governing these developments remain the same. A textbook that presents these advances within the context of the fundamentals is greatly needed by instructors in the field Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys, Second Edition maintains the simplicity that undergraduate instructors and students have come to appreciate while updating and expanding coverage of recently developed methods and materials. The book is effectively divided into two parts. The beginning chapters contain the background material necessary for understanding phase transformations - thermodynamics, kinetics, diffusion theory and the structure and properties of interfaces. The following chapters deal with specific transformations - solidification, diffusional transformation in solids and diffusionless transformation. Case studies of engineering alloys are incorporated to provide a link between theory and practice. New additions include an extended list of further reading at the end of each chapter and a section containing complete solutions to all exercises in the book Designed for final year undergraduate and postgraduate students of metallurgy, materials science, or engineering materials, this is an ideal textbook for both students and instructors.

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations Book
Author : Alexander Umantsev
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-04-21
ISBN : 9781461414865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main subject of the book is the continuum, field theoretic method of study of phase transformations in material systems. The method, also known as "phase field", allows one to analyze different stages of transformations on the unified platform. It has received significant attention in the materials science community recently due to many successes in solving or illuminating important problems. The book will address fundamentals of the method starting from the classical theories of phase transitions, the most important theoretical and computational results, and some of the most advanced recent applications.

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations Book
Author : Patrice E.A. Turchi,A. Gonis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-11-05
ISBN : 9781461360551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of phase transformations in substitutional alloys, including order disorder phenomena and structural transformations, plays a crucial role in understanding the physical and mechanical properties of materials, and in designing alloys with desired technologically important characteristics. Indeed, most of the physical properties, including equilibrium properties, transport, magnetic, vibrational as well as mechanical properties of alloys are often controlled by and are highly sensitive to the existence of ordered compounds and to the occurrence of structural transformations. Correspondingly, the alloy designer facing the task of processing new high-performance materials with properties that meet specific industrial applications must answer the following question: What is the crystalline structure and the atomic configuration that an alloy may exhibit at given temperature and concentration? Usually the answer is sought in the phase-diagram of a relevant system that is often determined experimentally and does not provide insight to the underlying mechanisms driving phase stability. Because of the rather tedious and highly risky nature of developing new materials through conventional metallurgical techniques, a great deal of effort has been expended in devising methods for understanding the mechanisms contrOlling phase transformations at the microscopic level. These efforts have been bolstered through the development of fully ab initio, accurate theoretical models, coupled with the advent of new experimental methods and of powerful supercomputer capabilities.

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS Book
Author : V RAGHAVAN
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 1987-01-01
ISBN : 8120304608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international authority on phase transformation, this text elucidates the principles of phase transformations in solids in general and metals and alloys in particular. The book is intended for advanced level undergraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, first year postgraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, and M.Sc. students of solid-state physics and solid-state chemistry.

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book
Author : Mats Hillert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-11-22
ISBN : 1139465864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

High Pressure Phase Transformations Handbook 3

High Pressure Phase Transformations Handbook 3 Book
Author : E. Yu Tonkov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-04-01
ISBN : 9782884490177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High Pressure Phase Transformations Handbook 3 book written by E. Yu Tonkov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations Book
Author : Patrice E.A. Turchi,A. Gonis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461524768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of phase transformations in substitutional alloys, including order disorder phenomena and structural transformations, plays a crucial role in understanding the physical and mechanical properties of materials, and in designing alloys with desired technologically important characteristics. Indeed, most of the physical properties, including equilibrium properties, transport, magnetic, vibrational as well as mechanical properties of alloys are often controlled by and are highly sensitive to the existence of ordered compounds and to the occurrence of structural transformations. Correspondingly, the alloy designer facing the task of processing new high-performance materials with properties that meet specific industrial applications must answer the following question: What is the crystalline structure and the atomic configuration that an alloy may exhibit at given temperature and concentration? Usually the answer is sought in the phase-diagram of a relevant system that is often determined experimentally and does not provide insight to the underlying mechanisms driving phase stability. Because of the rather tedious and highly risky nature of developing new materials through conventional metallurgical techniques, a great deal of effort has been expended in devising methods for understanding the mechanisms contrOlling phase transformations at the microscopic level. These efforts have been bolstered through the development of fully ab initio, accurate theoretical models, coupled with the advent of new experimental methods and of powerful supercomputer capabilities.

High Pressure Phase Transformations

High Pressure Phase Transformations Book
Author : Evgeniĭ I︠U︡rʹevich Tonkov
Publisher : Gordon & Breach Science Publishers
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9782881247613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High Pressure Phase Transformations book written by Evgeniĭ I︠U︡rʹevich Tonkov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Book
Author : David A. Porter,Kenneth E. Easterling,Mohamed Y. Sherif
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-08
ISBN : 1000467791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revised to reflect recent developments in the field, Phase Transformation in Metals and Alloys, Fourth Edition, continues to be the most authoritative and approachable resource on the subject. It supplies a comprehensive overview of specific types of phase transformations, supplemented by practical case studies of engineering alloys. The book’s unique presentation links a basic understanding of theory with application in a gradually progressive yet exciting manner. Based on the authors’ teaching notes, the text takes a pedagogical approach and provides examples for applications and problems that can be readily used for exercises. NEW IN THE FOURTH EDITION 40% of the figures and 30% of the text Insights provided by numerical modelling techniques such as ab initio, phase field, cellular automaton, and molecular dynamics Insights from the application of advanced experimental techniques, such as high-energy X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, combined with electron backscattered diffraction New treatment of ternary phase diagrams and solubility products The concept of paraequilibrium in systems containing highly mobile interstitial elements Thermodynamics of grain boundaries and the influence of segregation on grain boundary diffusion Reference to software tools for solving diffusion problems in multicomponent systems Introduction to concepts related to coincident site lattices and methods for determining the dislocation content of grain boundaries and interfaces Updated treatment of coherency and interface structure including the important fcc–bcc interfaces Treatment of metallic glasses expanded to cover critical cooling rate Austin–Rickets equation introduced as an alternative to the Avrami equation in the case of precipitation kinetics Discussion of the effects of overlap in nucleation, growth and coarsening Discussion of pearlite and bainite transformations updated Entirely new and extensive treatment of diffusionless martensitic transformations covering athermal and thermally activated martensite in ferrous systems as well as shape memory, superelasticity and rubber-like behavior in ordered nonferrous alloys New practical applications covering spinodal alloys, fir-tree structures in aluminum castings, Al–Cu–Li aerospace alloys, superelastic and shape memory alloys, quenched and partitioned steels, advanced high-strength steels and martensitic stainless steels Each chapter now concludes with a summary of the main points References to scientific publications and suggestions for further reading updated to reflect experimental and computational advances Aimed at students studying metallurgy and materials science and engineering, the Fourth Edition retains the previous editions’ popular easy-to-follow style and excellent mix of basic and advanced information, making it ideal for those who are new to the field. A new solutions manual and PowerPoint figure slides are available to adopting professors.

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations Book
Author : Alexander Umantsev
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-04-23
ISBN : 1461414873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main subject of the book is the continuum, field theoretic method of study of phase transformations in material systems. The method, also known as "phase field", allows one to analyze different stages of transformations on the unified platform. It has received significant attention in the materials science community recently due to many successes in solving or illuminating important problems. The book will address fundamentals of the method starting from the classical theories of phase transitions, the most important theoretical and computational results, and some of the most advanced recent applications.

Geometry of Crystals Polycrystals and Phase Transformations

Geometry of Crystals  Polycrystals  and Phase Transformations Book
Author : Harshad K. D. H. Bhadeshia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-05
ISBN : 1351629115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organized into a two-part structure aimed at readers of differing experience levels, Geometry of Crystals, Polycrystals, and Phase Transformations is accessible to both newcomers and advanced researchers within the field of crystallography. The first part of the text covers what any reader in the material sciences, physics, chemistry, earth sciences and natural sciences in general should know about crystallography. It is intentionally concise and covers sufficient material to form a firm foundation. The second part is aimed at researchers and discusses phase transformations, deformations, and interface crystallography in depth. The phase transformations are limited to those dominated by crystallography. The entire book contains worked examples and uniquely deals not just with crystals but aggregates of crystals and solid-state transformations between crystals.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations Book
Author : American Society for Metals
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phase Transformations book written by American Society for Metals, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Earthquake Thermodynamics and Phase Transformation in the Earth s Interior

Earthquake Thermodynamics and Phase Transformation in the Earth s Interior Book
Author : Roman Teisseyre,Eugeniusz Majewski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2000-10-19
ISBN : 9780080530659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A group of distinguished scientists contributes to the foundations of a new discipline in Earth sciences: earthquake thermodynamics and thermodynamics of formation of the Earth's interior structures. The predictive powers of thermodynamics are so great that those aspiring to model earthquake and the Earth's interior will certainly wish to be able to use the theory. Thermodynamics is our only method of understanding and predicting the behavior of many environmental, atmospheric, and geological processes. The need for Earth scientists to develop a functional knowledge of thermodynamic concepts and methodology is therefore urgent. Sources of an entropy increase the dissipative and self-organizing systems driving the evolution and dynamics of the Universe and Earth through irreversible processes. The non-linear interactions lead to the formation of fractal structures. From the structural phase transformations the important interior boundaries emerge. Non-linear interactions between the defects in solids lead the authors to develop the physics of continua with a dense distribution of defects. Disclinations and dislocations interact during a slow evolution as well as during rapid dynamic events, like earthquakes. Splitting the dynamic processes into the 2D fault done and 3D surrounding space brings a new tool for describing the slip nucleation and propagation along the earthquake faults. Seismic efficiency, rupture velocity, and complexity of seismic source zone are considered from different points of view, fracture band earthquake model is developed on the basis of thermodynamics of line defects, like dislocations. Earthquake thermodynamics offers us a microscopic model of earthquake sources. Physics of defects helps the authors decscribe and explain a number of precursory phenomena caused by the buildup of stresses. Anomalies in electric polarization and electromagnetic radiation prior to earthquakes are considered from this point of view. Through the thermodynamic approach, the authors arrive at the fascinating question of posssibility of earthquake prediction. In general, the Earth is considered here as a multicomponent system. Transport phenomena as well as wave propagation and shock waves are considered in this system subjected also to chemical and phase transformations.

Solid Solid Phase Transformations

Solid   Solid Phase Transformations Book
Author : M. Koiwa,Kazuhiro Ōtsuka,Tamotsu Miyazaki
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Solid Solid Phase Transformations book written by M. Koiwa,Kazuhiro Ōtsuka,Tamotsu Miyazaki, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals

Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals Book
Author : Institute of Metals. Metal Physics Committee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1955
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals book written by Institute of Metals. Metal Physics Committee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Transformations in Thin Films of TiNi Thermoelastic Alloys

Phase Transformations in Thin Films of TiNi Thermoelastic Alloys Book
Author : Liuwen Chang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phase Transformations in Thin Films of TiNi Thermoelastic Alloys book written by Liuwen Chang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals

Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals Book
Author : Mario Pitteri,G. Zanzotto
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-06-27
ISBN : 1420036149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals presents the fundamentals of a remarkably successful approach to crystal thermomechanics. Developed over the last two decades, it is based on the mathematical theory of nonlinear thermoelasticity, in which a new viewpoint on material symmetry, motivated by molecular theories, plays a central role. This is the first organized presentation of a nonlinear elastic approach to twinning and displacive phase transition in crystalline solids. The authors develop geometry, kinematics, and energy invariance in crystals in strong connection and with the purpose of investigating the actual mechanical aspects of the phenomena, particularly in an elastostatics framework based on the minimization of a thermodynamic potential. Interesting for both mechanics and mathematical analysis, the new theory offers the possibility of investigating the formation of microstructures in materials undergoing martensitic phase transitions, such as shape-memory alloys. Although phenomena such as twinning and phase transitions were once thought to fall outside the range of elastic models, research efforts in these areas have proved quite fruitful. Relevant to a variety of disciplines, including mathematical physics, continuum mechanics, and materials science, Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals is your opportunity to explore these current research methods and topics.

Mechanisms of Diffusional Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys

Mechanisms of Diffusional Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Hubert I. Aaronson,Masato Enomoto,Jong K. Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439882533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developed by the late metallurgy professor and master experimentalist Hubert I. Aaronson, this collection of lecture notes details the fundamental principles of phase transformations in metals and alloys upon which steel and other metals industries are based. Mechanisms of Diffusional Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys is devoted to solid-solid phase transformations in which elementary atomic processes are diffusional jumps, and these processes occur in a series of so-called nucleation and growth through interface migration. Instead of relying strictly on a pedagogical approach, it documents the evolution of phase transformation concepts. The authors present topics by describing a phenomenon and then following up with a corresponding hypothesis or alternative explanation. In this way, the book also shows how the field continues to evolve and meet new challenges. Integrated with information from a number of key papers and review articles, this volume reflects this revered and influential instructor’s unique and passionate way of introducing well-established theories and knowledge in a systematic way, at the same time introducing, in great detail, how a new idea or interpretation of a phenomenon has emerged, evolved, and gained its current status. If the published version of a theory or a model was too condensed, Aaronson worked the problem out in painstaking detail so that graduate students could follow the derivations. This collection is full of such unique "Aaronsonian idiosyncrasies," which add immense value as a powerful tool for learning in this challenging materials field.

Advances in Phase Transitions

Advances in Phase Transitions Book
Author : J. D. Embury,G. R. Purdy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483286851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a record of the symposium held at McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, in honour of Professor J\S\Kirkaldy, and covers the recent progress being made in phase transformations, both experimental and theoretical, to facilitate the understanding of microstructural development. This volume includes new material on atomic modelling of phase transitions, descriptions of amorphous-crystalline transitions, new data on motion of interfaces, elastic energy effects and pattern forming systems, as well as contributions from related disciplines such as thermodynamics, kinetics and the mechanics of solids.

The Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Crystalline Solids

The Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Crystalline Solids Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Crystalline Solids book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.