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Phase Diagrams And Thermodynamic Modeling Of Solutions

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Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions Book
Author : Arthur D. Pelton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 0128016698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions provides readers with an understanding of thermodynamics and phase equilibria that is required to make full and efficient use of these tools. The book systematically discusses phase diagrams of all types, the thermodynamics behind them, their calculations from thermodynamic databases, and the structural models of solutions used in the development of these databases. Featuring examples from a wide range of systems including metals, salts, ceramics, refractories, and concentrated aqueous solutions, Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions is a vital resource for researchers and developers in materials science, metallurgy, combustion and energy, corrosion engineering, environmental engineering, geology, glass technology, nuclear engineering, and other fields of inorganic chemical and materials science and engineering. Additionally, experts involved in developing thermodynamic databases will find a comprehensive reference text of current solution models. Presents a rigorous and complete development of thermodynamics for readers who already have a basic understanding of chemical thermodynamics Provides an in-depth understanding of phase equilibria Includes information that can be used as a text for graduate courses on thermodynamics and phase diagrams, or on solution modeling Covers several types of phase diagrams (paraequilibrium, solidus projections, first-melting projections, Scheil diagrams, enthalpy diagrams), and more

CALPHAD Calculation of Phase Diagrams A Comprehensive Guide

CALPHAD  Calculation of Phase Diagrams   A Comprehensive Guide Book
Author : N. Saunders,A.P. Miodownik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-06-09
ISBN : 9780080528434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph acts as a benchmark to current achievements in the field of Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, often called CALPHAD which is an acronym for Computer CALculation of PHAse Diagrams. It also acts as a guide to both the basic background of the subject area and the cutting edge of the topic, combining comprehensive discussions of the underlying physical principles of the CALPHAD method with detailed descriptions of their application to real complex multi-component materials. Approaches which combine both thermodynamic and kinetic models to interpret non-equilibrium phase transformations are also reviewed.

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book
Author : Mats Hillert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-11-22
ISBN : 1139465864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Thermodynamic Data Models and Phase Diagrams in Multicomponent Oxide Systems

Thermodynamic Data  Models  and Phase Diagrams in Multicomponent Oxide Systems Book
Author : Olga Fabrichnaya,Surendra K. Saxena,Pascal Richet,Edgar F. Westrum
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-01-12
ISBN : 9783540140184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents thermodynamic data on oxides in the system MgO-FeO-Fe2O3-Al2O3-SiO2. These data are produced by a process of assessment that involves the integration of thermochemical (calorimetric) and phase equilibrium data. The latter have been selected from a number of publications in high-pressure research conducted at pressures and temperatures in the range of 1 bar to several Giga Pascals and 300 to 2500 K respectively. A unique feature of the database is that the assessment involves not only the thermodynamic data on pure end member species, but also the data on multicomponent solutions. Since the solution description follows the format used in the popular thermodynamic computational packages such as FACTSAGE, ChemSage and Thermocalc, the database is easy to incorporate in the currently used databases in these packages. The database is highly useful to those working in the field of metallurgy (e.g. slags) and ceramics. It is essential for all those who do thermodynamic modeling of the terrestrial planetary interiors.

Materials Thermodynamics

Materials Thermodynamics Book
Author : Y. Austin Chang,W. Alan Oates
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-01-26
ISBN : 0470549955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A timely, applications-driven text in thermodynamics Materials Thermodynamics provides both students and professionals with the in-depth explanation they need to prepare for the real-world application of thermodynamic tools. Based upon an actual graduate course taught by the authors, this class-tested text covers the subject with a broader, more industry-oriented lens than can be found in any other resource available. This modern approach: Reflects changes rapidly occurring in society at large—from the impact of computers on the teaching of thermodynamics in materials science and engineering university programs to the use of approximations of higher order than the usual Bragg-Williams in solution-phase modeling Makes students aware of the practical problems in using thermodynamics Emphasizes that the calculation of the position of phase and chemical equilibrium in complex systems, even when properly defined, is not easy Relegates concepts like equilibrium constants, activity coefficients, free energy functions, and Gibbs-Duhem integrations to a relatively minor role Includes problems and exercises, as well as a solutions manual This authoritative text is designed for students and professionals in materials science and engineering, particularly those in physical metallurgy, metallic materials, alloy design and processing, corrosion, oxidation, coatings, and high-temperature alloys.

Critical Evaluation and Thermodynamic Modeling of High Alloy Fe Mn Al Si C P System

Critical Evaluation and Thermodynamic Modeling of High Alloy Fe Mn Al Si C P System Book
Author : Zhimin You
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"High alloy steels are attracting increasing interest among researchers because of their advanced mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, electromagnetic properties, etc. Besides, addition of light alloying elements like Al and Si into the high alloy steels can also reduce the steel weight, which has very promising application in eco-friendly automobile industry. On the other hand, introduction of the Mn in steels increases the solubility of phosphorus because of its high affinity with phosphorus. The six component Fe-Mn-Al-Si-C-P alloy system is very important for production of the advanced high strength steels and ferro alloys. In the present study, the available thermodynamic database of the Fe-Mn-Al-Si-C system was slightly revised and extended by including phosphorus to develop an accurate and self-consistent thermodynamic database of the Fe-Mn-Al-Si-C-P system using the CALculation of PHAse Diagrams (CALPHAD) method. In the present thermodynamic modeling, the liquid phase was described using the Modified Quasichemical Model (MQM) with consideration of short-range ordering in the molten alloys. Besides, appropriate geometric interpolation techniques based on the nature of involved binary systems were also introduced for each ternary solution to reduce the model parameters and improve the predictability of ternary and higher-order systems simultaneously. The solid solutions were modeled using the Compound Energy Formalism (CEF) considering the crystallographic structure of each solid solution. The thermodynamic properties of P in the liquid and solid alloys, thermodynamic stability of all intermediate phosphides, various types of phase diagrams (liquidus, solidus, isopleth diagrams, isothermal sections, liquid projections, etc.) of the Fe-Mn-Al-Si-C-P system were critically evaluated and optimized to reproduce all reliable experimental data.The behavior of P in the sub-systems of the Fe-Mn-Al-Si-C-P alloy was accurately described based on the present thermodynamic database with very small number of model parameters. The present database is compatible with other thermodynamic databases in FactSage, and can be applied to the calculation of the dephosphorization reaction of molten high alloy steels. The distribution of P between molten steel and slag at various temperatures was calculated accurately. In addition, the thermodynamic database constructed in the present study can also be used to predict unexplored phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties of the Fe-Mn-Al-Si-C-P system"--

Phase Diagrams for Geoscientists

Phase Diagrams for Geoscientists Book
Author : Tibor Gasparik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3540383522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book summarizes the author's experimental studies of phase relations in the chemical systems relevant to Earth, carried out in a time period of over 20 years using piston-cylinder and multi-avil presses. A summary of the research at high pressures and temperatures carried out by many other experimental petrologists is also included. The data was used to develop an internally consistent thermodynamic model, which was then used to calculate phase diagrams. This produced the largest collection of the calculated phase diagrams published so far, encompassing for the first time the temperature and pressure ranges corresponding to the whole upper mantle.

Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics

Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics Book
Author : Gesina C. Carter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics book written by Gesina C. Carter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Diagrams and Heterogeneous Equilibria

Phase Diagrams and Heterogeneous Equilibria Book
Author : Bruno Predel,Michael Hoch,Monte J. Pool
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 366209276X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This advanced comprehensive textbook introduces the practical application of phase diagrams to the thermodynamics of materials consisting of several phases. It describes the fundamental physics and thermodynamics as well as experimental methods, treating all material classes: metals, glasses, ceramics, polymers, organic materials, aqueous solutions. With many application examples and realistic cases from chemistry and materials science, it is intended for students and researchers in chemistry, metallurgy, mineralogy, and materials science as well as in engineering and physics. The authors treat the nucleation of phase transitions, the production and stability of technologically important metastable phases, and metallic glasses. Also concisely presented are the thermodynamics and composition of polymer systems. This innovative text puts this powerful analytical approach into a readily understandable and practical context, perhaps for the first time.

Calculation of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry of Alloy Phases

Calculation of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry of Alloy Phases Book
Author : Y. Austin Chang,John F. Smith
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Calculation of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry of Alloy Phases book written by Y. Austin Chang,John F. Smith, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamic Models for Industrial Applications

Thermodynamic Models for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Georgios M. Kontogeorgis,Georgios K. Folas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-12-01
ISBN : 9780470747544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using an applications perspective Thermodynamic Models for Industrial Applications provides a unified framework for the development of various thermodynamic models, ranging from the classical models to some of the most advanced ones. Among these are the Cubic Plus Association Equation of State (CPA EoS) and the Perturbed Chain Statistical Association Fluid Theory (PC-SAFT). These two advanced models are already in widespread use in industry and academia, especially within the oil and gas, chemical and polymer industries. Presenting both classical models such as the Cubic Equations of State and more advanced models such as the CPA, this book provides the critical starting point for choosing the most appropriate calculation method for accurate process simulations. Written by two of the developers of these models, Thermodynamic Models for Industrial Applications emphasizes model selection and model development and includes a useful “which model for which application” guide. It also covers industrial requirements as well as discusses the challenges of thermodynamics in the 21st Century.

Plinius

Plinius Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plinius book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Physics Briefs book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Doklady

Doklady Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Doklady book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly

Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials Preparation and Characterization in Thermoelectrics

Materials  Preparation  and Characterization in Thermoelectrics Book
Author : David Michael Rowe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1439874719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes updated theoretical considerations which provide an insight into avenues of research most likely to result in further improvements in material performance. It details the latest techniques for the preparation of thermoelectric materials employed in energy harvesting, together with advances in the thermoelectric characterisation of nanoscale material. The book reviews the use of neutron beams to investigate phonons, whose behaviour govern the lattice thermal conductivity and includes a chapter on patents.