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Pharmacoepigenetics

Pharmacoepigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 0128139404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmacoepigenetics, Volume Eleven provides a comprehensive volume on the role of epigenetics and epigenomics in drug discovery and development, providing a detailed, but accessible, view of the field, from basic principles, to applications in disease therapeutics. Leading international researchers from across academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry discuss the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, and treatment, current epigenetic drugs, and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development. Throughout the book, chapter authors offer a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial contribution to the growth of precision and personalized medicine. Fully examines the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, treatment, current epigenetic drugs and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers in academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry Instructs researchers, students and clinicians on how to better interpret and employ pharmacoepigenetics in drug development, efficiency and safety Provides a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial role in precision medicine

Novel Perspectives in Cancer Chemoprevention Via Nrf2 Pathway

Novel Perspectives in Cancer Chemoprevention Via Nrf2 Pathway Book
Author : Tien-Yuan Wu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The cancer chemoprevention is the strategy of blocking or slowing the onset of premalignant tumors and decreases the incidence of cancer with relatively nontoxic chemical substance. More importantly, Nrf2 and Nrf2-antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway plays a critical role in the cancer chemoprevention. Studies of the induction of Nrf2 and subsequent phase II detoxifying/antioxidant drug metabolism enzymes expression by phytochemicals in vivo or in vitro are considered as a major topic. This thesis will focus on the factors important in the regulation of Nrf2 and phase II xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes which are generally considered as antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes in cancer chemoprevention. Accumulating evidence from epidemiological studies indicates that chronic inflammation and oxidative stress play critical roles in neoplastic development. Our results show that tea Chrysanthemun zawadskii (CZ) and licorice Glycyrrhiza uralensis (LE) extracts exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activities by suppressing the mRNA and protein expression levels of pro-inflammatory biomarkers and the NF-kB luciferase activity. Both extracts also showed strong inhibitory effects against NF-kB-mediated inflammatory as well as strong activation of the Nrf2-ARE-antioxidative stress signaling pathways. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and its acid condensation product, 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) were examined the chemopreventive effect and the molecular mechanism, particularly the anti-oxidative stress pathway regulated by Nrf2, in transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP) mice and TRAMP C1 cells. I3C and DIM significantly suppressed the incidence of palpable tumor (p

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-27
ISBN : 0128243260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Epigenetics, Second Edition provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics in health management, across a broad spectrum of disease categories and specialties, and with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems, and evolving modes of epigenetic-based treatment. Here, more than 40 leading researchers examine how each human system is affected by epigenetic maladies, offering an all-in-one resource on medical epigenetics not only for those directly involved with health care, but investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students, and others who are interested in applied aspects of epigenetics. Incorporating both diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches, this volume also fully supports the application of epigenetics in precision medicine. This second edition of Medical Epigenetics, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, has been fully revised to address recent advances in disease epigenetics and role of epigenetics in precision medicine, with all-new chapters on skin cancer epigenetics, network analysis in medical epigenetics, machine learning in epigenetic diseases, and clinical trials of epigenetics drugs. Features chapters from leading researchers and clinicians dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Covers emerging topics, including twin epigenetics, as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Organized from system disorders to multi-system disorders that involve epigenetic aberrations Examines the role of epigenetics in precision medicine

Personalized Epigenetics

Personalized Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-04-28
ISBN : 0128004363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personalized Epigenetics discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures that can guide both disorder and disease prevention and therapy. The book details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic potential of the field, it also reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the role of pharmacology and drug development in personalized epigenetics. Most importantly, the text covers personalized epigenetics from a disease-oriented perspective, presenting chapters that provide advances in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management. Discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures Details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the consequent diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic potential of the field Reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the roles of pharmacology and drug development Devotes several chapters to the advances made in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management

Topics on Drug Metabolism

Topics on Drug Metabolism Book
Author : James Paxton
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-02-22
ISBN : 9535100998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to avoid late-stage drug failure due to factors such as undesirable metabolic instability, toxic metabolites, drug-drug interactions, and polymorphic metabolism, an enormous amount of effort has been expended by both the pharmaceutical industry and academia towards developing more powerful techniques and screening assays to identify the metabolic profiles and enzymes involved in drug metabolism. This book presents some in-depth reviews of selected topics in drug metabolism. Among the key topics covered are: the interplay between drug transport and metabolism in oral bioavailability; the influence of genetic and epigenetic factors on drug metabolism; impact of disease on transport and metabolism; and the use of novel microdosing techniques and novel LC/MS and genomic technologies to predict the metabolic parameters and profiles of potential new drug candidates.

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation Book
Author : Conxi Lázaro,Jordan Lerner-Ellis,Amanda Spurdle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-02-27
ISBN : 0128205202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation: Theory and Practice, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, covers foundational aspects, modes of analysis, technology, disease and disorder specific case studies, and clinical integration. This book provides a deep theoretical background, as well as applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes. Practical chapters discuss genomic variant interpretation, terminology and nomenclature, international consensus guidelines, population allele frequency, functional evidence transcripts for RNA, proteins, and enzymes, somatic mutations, somatic profiling, and much more. Compiles best practices, methods and sound evidence for DNA variant classification in one applied volume Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field Includes practical examples of variant classification for common and rare disorders, and across clinical phenotypes

Translating Epigenetics to the Clinic

Translating Epigenetics to the Clinic Book
Author : Jeffrey Laurence
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-30
ISBN : 0128006129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translating Epigenetics to the Clinic reviews current methodological tools and experimental approaches used by leading translational researchers seeking to use epigenetics as a clinical model. It organizes epigenetics into disease treatment areas with a major focus on oncology, and with much coverage of pervasive treatment categories such as diabetes, as well as the ‘diseases of modernity’—including pharmacological addiction, dementia, and ageing. Pedagogically, the work concentrates on the latest knowledge, laboratory techniques, and experimental approaches used by translational research leaders in this field. The book promotes cross-disciplinary communication between the sub-specialties of medicine. In common with the rest of the books in Translational Medicine, the book remains unified in theme by emphasizing recent innovations, critical barriers to progress, and the new tools being used to overcome them. Also includes specific areas of research that require additional study to advance the field as a whole. Encompasses the latest innovations and tools being used to apply epigenetics in the lab and clinic Features extensive pedagogical updates aiming to improve the education of translational researchers in this field Offers a transdisciplinary approach to support cross-fertilization between different sub-specialties of medicine

Handbook of Epigenetics

Handbook of Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-11-21
ISBN : 9780123757104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is considered by many to be the "new genetics" because of the overwhelming evidence of the contribution of non-genetic factors such as nutrition, environment, and chemical exposure on gene expression. The effects of epigenetics are vast, including tissue/organ regeneration, X-chromosome inactivation, and stem cell differentiation and genomic imprinting and aging. Aberrations of epigenetics influence many diseases for which clinical intervention is already in place, and many novel epigenetic therapies for cancer, immune disorders, neurological and metabolic disorders, and imprinting diseases are on the horizon. This comprehensive collection of reviews written by leaders in the field of epigenetics provides a broad view of this important and evolving topic. From molecular mechanisms and epigenetic technology to discoveries in human disease and clinical epigenetics, the nature and applications of the science will be presented for those with interests ranging from the fundamental basis of epigenetics to therapeutic interventions for epigenetic-based disorders. Contributions by leading international investigators involved in molecular research and clinical and therapeutic applications Integrates methods and biological topics with basic and clinical discoveries Includes coverage of new topics in epigenetics such as prions, regulation of long-term memory by epigenetics, metabolic aspects of epigenetics, and epigenetics of neuronal disorders

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-12
ISBN : 0128197544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, provides a thorough overview and discussion of epigenetics in reproduction and implications for reproductive medicine. Twenty international researchers discuss epigenetic mechanisms operating during the formation of male and female gametes, fertilization and subsequent embryo and placental development, particularly in mammals and transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. This volume also addresses aberrant epigenetic changes influencing male and female infertility, pregnancy related disorders, and those potentially linked to therapeutic manipulations and assisted reproductive technologies. Emphasis is placed on identifying biomarkers for early detection of aberrant epigenetic mechanisms. Later chapters examine the possibility of correcting these epigenetic dysfunctions, as well as current challenges and next steps in research, enabling new translational discoveries and efforts towards developing therapeutics. Thoroughly examines the influence of aberrant epigenetics during gametogenesis and embryogenesis, affecting parents, gametes and embryos, offspring and future generations Explores health outcomes for reproductive senescence, endocrine disruption, testicular cancer, prostrate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian, cancer, endometrial cancer and cervical cancers Features chapter contributions from international researchers in the field

Pharmacogenomics

Pharmacogenomics Book
Author : Yui-Wing Francis Lam,Larisa H. Cavallari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-02-12
ISBN : 0123983037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmacogenomics: Challenges and Opportunities in Therapeutic Implementation includes discussions and viewpoints from the academic, regulatory, pharmaceutical, clinical, socio-ethical and economic perspectives. Each chapter presents an overview of the potential or opportunity within the areas discussed and also outlines foreseeable challenges and limitations in moving pharmacogenomics into drug development and direct therapeutic applications. This edited book contains review questions for a more in-depth analysis of the implications of pharmacogenomics and discussion points to generate ideas on best to move the field forward. Clinical pearls and case studies are used to illustrate real-life experiences and both successful and unsuccessful applications. Tables, figures, and annotations are included throughout the book to facilitate understanding and further reference. Multi-contributed book and chapters are written by contributors who are experts in their field Provides perspectives from those involved in all aspects of pharmacogenomics-including academic, regulatory, economic, industry and medical-to illustrate how all of the pieces fit together and where the challenges may be Includes case studies of both successful and unsuccessful applications so readers can consider the potential and challenges in moving the science into drug development and direct therapeutic applications Chapters contain discussion questions and clinical pearls and enable readers to reflect on how to move pharmacogenomics forward and apply these observations and useful tips to their own work and research

Prognostic Epigenetics

Prognostic Epigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 012814260X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides comprehensive information on how mapping an individual’s epigenome can be medically relevant and holds the potential to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics at an early-stage (prior to disease onset). In order to advance clinical adoption of the recently developed epigenetic approaches, it is necessary for translational scientists, clinicians, and students to gain a better understanding about epigenetic mechanisms that are associated with a particular disorder; and to be able to effectively identify biomarkers that can be applied in drug development and for better diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. Prognostic Epigenetics is the most-inclusive volume to-date specifically dedicated to epigenetic markers that have been developed for prognosis of diseases, recent advances in this field, the clinical implementation of this research, and the future outlook. Compiles all known information on prognostic epigenetics and its role in preventive medicine and drug discovery Covers the basic functionality of epigenetic mechanisms involved in early disease prognosis and diagnosis, and provides tools for the identification and development of these biomarkers for a wide range of diseases Enables clinicians, researchers, and pharmacologists to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics throughout a person’s lifetime Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity Book
Author : Alexey Moskalev,Alexander M. Vaiserman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 012811083X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity provides an in-depth analysis of the epigenetic nature of aging and the role of epigenetic factors in mediating the link between early-life experiences and life-course health and aging. Chapters from leading international contributors explore the effect of adverse conditions in early-life that may result in disrupted epigenetic pathways, as well as the potential to correct these disrupted pathways via targeted therapeutic interventions. Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance, epigenetic drug discovery, and the role of epigenetic mechanisms in regulating specific age-associated illnesses—including cancer and cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases—are explored in detail. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine, epigenetics, and biogerontology better understand the epigenetic determinants of aging and longevity, and ultimately aid in developing therapeutics to extend the human life-span and treat age-related disease. Offers a comprehensive overview of the epigenetic nature of aging, as well as the impact of epigenetic factors on longevity and regulating age-related disease Provides readers with clinical and epidemiological evidence for the role of epigenetic mechanisms in mediating the link between early-life experiences, life-course health and aging trajectory Applies current knowledge of epigenetic regulatory pathways towards developing therapeutic interventions for age-related diseases and extending the human lifespan

Advances in Medicine and Biology

Advances in Medicine and Biology Book
Author : Leon V. Berhardt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-11-30
ISBN : 9781536130133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 126 opens with a discussion on fungal infections of the central nervous system and the way they have been known to parallel the incidence of systemic fungal infections in at risk populations. The reported percentages of central nervous system involvement associated with invasive fungal infections range from 3% - 100% depending on the species isolated. Next, the authors discuss the effect of agouti-related peptide on the increase of food intake and body weight in animal models of cachexia, proposing agouti-related peptide as a possible anti-anorexigenic drug. This compilation includes the first complete overview of human leukocyte antigen variation across Austronesian populations and includes the effects of admixture along the migration path during their 5,000 year diaspora. The authors conclude that intermarriage has shifted allele frequencies in migrant peoples from those found in their original pure Austronesian stock (Taiwanese natives) towards those populations with which they have since become blended. Following this, a review of the factors affecting the photodegradation reaction and mechanism of riboflavin and related compounds is provided. Riboflavin belongs to the family of vitamin B complex and is present in a number of food products. Additionally, this book addresses the determination that the existence of the majority of microorganisms in the form of three-dimensional associates on the phase interface proves the significant survivable advantages as compare with selective ones. Afterwards, the authors present their designed dimeric dipeptide called GK-2 (bis(N-succinyl-Lglutamyl-L-lysine)hexametylendiamide) on the base of a beta-turn sequence of NGF loop4, which is most exposed to solvent and hence has a significant role in the interaction of NGF with the receptor. Later, the authors analyzed the pharmacological properties of the GlyR in the immature retina and compare those with the adult. Membranes from adult and immature rat retinas were incubated under different conditions in the presence of radioactive glycine or strychnine. Radioactive binding was considered as the specific binding to the GlyR. The closing chapter discusses Professor Werner Kalow (1917-2008), a pioneer in the field of pharmacogenetics/pharmacogenomics, foreseeing future emerging subspecialties such as pharmacoepigenetics/pharmacoepigenomics and pharmacoanthropology. All these disciplines study human individuality and variability, paving the way for a translational personalized medicine. However, they cannot be legitimate if not properly founded by a broader, coherently unified science which deals with method and principles.

User Driven Healthcare Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

User Driven Healthcare  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2013-01-31
ISBN : 1466627719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

User-Driven Healthcare: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications provides a global discussion on the practice of user-driven learning in healthcare and connected disciplines and its influence on learning through clinical problem solving. This book brings together different perspectives for researchers and practitioners to develop a comprehensive framework of user-driven healthcare.

Epigenetics Methods

Epigenetics Methods Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 0128194154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the field of epigenetics has grown significantly, driving new understanding of human developmental processes and disease expression, as well as advances in diagnostics and therapeutics. As the field of epigenetics continues to grow, methods and technologies have multiplied, resulting in a wide range of approaches and tools researchers might employ. Epigenetics Methods offers comprehensive instruction in methods, protocols, and experimental approaches applied in field of epigenetics. Here, across thirty-five chapters, specialists offer step-by-step overviews of methods used to study various epigenetic mechanisms, as employed in basic and translational research. Leading the reader from fundamental to more advanced methods, the book begins with thorough instruction in DNA methylation techniques and gene or locus-specific methylation analyses, followed by histone modification methods, chromatin evaluation, enzyme analyses of histone methylation, and studies of non-coding RNAs as epigenetic modulators. Recently developed techniques and technologies discussed include single-cell epigenomics, epigenetic editing, computational epigenetics, systems biology epigenetic methods, and forensic epigenetic approaches. Epigenetics methods currently in-development, and their implication for future research, are also considered in-depth. In addition, as with the wider life sciences, reproducibility across experiments, labs, and subdisciplines is a growing issue for epigenetics researchers. This volume provides consensus-driven methods instruction and overviews. Tollefsbol and contributing authors survey the range of existing methods; identify best practices, common themes, and challenges; and bring unity of approach to a diverse and ever-evolving field. Includes contributions by leading international investigators involved in epigenetic research and clinical and therapeutic application Integrates technology and translation with fundamental chapters on epigenetics methods, as well as chapters on more novel and advanced epigenetics methods Written at verbal and technical levels that can be understood by scientists and students alike Includes chapters on state-of-the-art techniques such as single-cell epigenomics, use of CRISPR/Cas9 for epigenetic editing, and epigenetics methods applied to forensics

Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research Hematology

Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research  Hematology Book
Author : Atta-ur-Rahman
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2014-06-20
ISBN : 1608058581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research – Hematology is an eBook series that brings updated reviews to readers interested in learning about advances in the development of pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of hematological disorders. The scope of the eBook series covers a range of topics including the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology and biochemistry of natural and synthetic drugs employed in the treatment of anemias, coagulopathies, vascular diseases and hematological malignancies. Reviews in this series also include research on specific antibody targets, therapeutic methods, genetic hemoglobinopathies and pre-clinical / clinical findings on novel pharmaceutical agents. Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research – Hematology is a valuable resource for pharmaceutical scientists and postgraduate students seeking updated and critically important information for developing clinical trials and devising research plans in the field of hematology, oncology and vascular pharmacology. The first volume of this series features 6 chapters that cover a variety of topics including: Computational methods, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics simulation Recent advances in the treatment of Beta-Thalassemia Major Research on multiple myeloma and leukemia Molecular imaging in hematology

OMICS

OMICS Book
Author : Debmalya Barh,Vasudeo Zambare,Vasco Azevedo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 1466562838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the advent of new technologies and acquired knowledge, the number of fields in omics and their applications in diverse areas are rapidly increasing in the postgenomics era. Such emerging fields—including pharmacogenomics, toxicogenomics, regulomics, spliceomics, metagenomics, and environomics—present budding solutions to combat global challenges in biomedicine, agriculture, and the environment. OMICS: Applications in Biomedical, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences provides valuable insights into the applications of modern omics technologies to real-world problems in the life sciences. Filling a gap in the literature, it offers a broad, multidisciplinary view of current and emerging applications of omics in a single volume. Written by highly experienced active researchers, each chapter describes a particular area of omics and the associated technologies and applications. Topics covered include: Proteomics, epigenomics, and pharmacogenomics Toxicogenomics and the assessment of environmental pollutants Applications of plant metabolomics Nutrigenomics and its therapeutic applications Microalgal omics and omics approaches in biofuel production Next-generation sequencing and omics technology for transgenic plant analysis Omics approaches in crop improvement Engineering dark-operative chlorophyll synthesis Computational regulomics Omics techniques for the analysis of RNA splicing New fields, including metagenomics, glycomics, and miRNA Breast cancer biomarkers for early detection Environomics strategies for environmental sustainability This timely book explores a wide range of omics application areas in the biomedical, agricultural, and environmental sciences. Throughout, it highlights working solutions as well as open problems and future challenges. Demonstrating the diversity of omics, it introduces readers to state-of-the-art developments and trends in omics-driven research.

ADME Processes in Pharmaceutical Sciences

ADME Processes in Pharmaceutical Sciences Book
Author : Alan Talevi,Pablo A. M. Quiroga
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 3319995936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion (ADME) processes and their relationship with the design of dosage forms and the success of pharmacotherapy form the basis of this upper level undergraduate/graduate textbook. As an introduction oriented to pharmacy students, it is also written for scientist from different fields outside of pharmaceutics. (e.g. material scientist, material engineers, medicinal chemists) who might be working in a positions in pharmaceutical companies or whose work might benefit from basic training in the ADME concepts and some biological background. Pedagogical features such as objectives, keywords, discussion questions, summaries and case studies add valuable teaching tools. This book will provide not only general knowledge on ADME processes but also an updated insight on some hot topics such as drug transporters, multi-drug resistance related to pharmacokinetic phenomena, last generation pharmaceutical carriers (nanopharmaceuticals), in vitro and in vivo bioequivalence studies, biopharmaceuticals, pharmacogenomics, drug-drug and food-drug interactions, and in silico and in vitro prediction of ADME properties. In comparison with other similar textbooks, around half of the volume would be focused on the relationship between expanding scientific fields and ADME processes. Each of these burgeoning fields has a separate chapter in the second part of the volume, and was written with leading experts on the correspondent topic, including scientists and academics from USA and UK (Duquesne University School of Pharmacy, Indiana University School of Medicine, University of Utah College of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, University of Bath). Additionally, each of the initial chapters dealing with the generalities of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion would include relevant, classic examples related to each topic with appropriate illustrations (e.g. importance of active absorption of levodopa, implications in levodopa administration, drug drug interactions and food drug interactions emerging from the active uptake; intoxication with paracetamol as a result of glutathione depletion, CYP induction and its relationship with acute liver failure caused by paracetamol, etc). ADME Processes and Pharmaceutical Sciences is written as a core textbook for ADME processes, pharmacy, pharmacokinetics, drug delivery, biopharmaceutics, drug disposition, drug design and medicinal chemistry courses.

Epigenetic Epidemiology

Epigenetic Epidemiology Book
Author : Karin B. Michels
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-03
ISBN : 9400724942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exploding field of epigenetics is challenging the dogma of traditional Mendelian inheritance. Epigenetics plays an important role in shaping who we are and contributes to our prospects of health and disease. While early epigenetic research focused on plant and animal models and in vitro experiments, population-based epidemiologic studies increasingly incorporate epigenetic components. The relevance of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, genomic imprinting, and histone modification for disease causation has yet to be fully explored. This book covers the basic concepts of epigenetic epidemiology, discusses challenges in study design, analysis, and interpretation, epigenetic laboratory techniques, the influence of of age and environmental factors on shaping the epigenome, the role of epigenetics in the developmental origins hypothesis, and provides the state of the art on the epigenetic epidemiology of various health conditions including childhood syndromes, cancer, infectious diseases, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders, diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders, and atherosclerosis. With contributions from: Peter Jones, Jean-Pierre Issa, Gavin Kelsey, Robert Waterland, and many other experts in epigenetics!

Epigenetics in Society

Epigenetics in Society Book
Author : Windsor Epigenetics Study Group
Publisher : University of Windsor
Release : 2015-10-26
ISBN : 0920233724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a book written by students of diverse disciplines, and intended for students and educated lay people. We intend this book to serve several functions. First, we want to make the field of epigenetics accessible to lay readers. Second, and more importantly, we want to excite further interest and concern regarding the social, ethical, legal, health, and policy implications that this field will have for all arenas of our lives. Third, we want to arm our readers with knowledge and wariness so that they can understand and critique the nuanced debates that will inevitably arise when costs and benefits must be weighed: while the effects of epigenetics upon us as individuals may be subtle, the demographic implications and costs are huge.