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Pharmaceuticals In Marine And Coastal Environments

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Pharmaceuticals in Marine and Coastal Environments

Pharmaceuticals in Marine and Coastal Environments Book
Author : Juan Carlos Duran-Alvarez,Blanca Jiménez-Cisneros
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-23
ISBN : 0081029721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmaceuticals in Marine and Coastal Environments: Occurrence, Effects, and Challenges in a Changing World is divided into three sections that address a) coastal areas as the main entrance of pharmaceuticals into the ocean, b) the occurrence and distribution of pharmaceuticals in the environmental compartments of the ocean media, and c) the effects that such pollutants may cause to the exposed marine organisms. With its comprehensive discussions, the book provides a wide depiction of the current state-of-the-art on these topics in an effort to open new sources of investigation and find suitable solutions. Includes maps edited by the Water Information Network System of the International Hydrological Program (IHP-WINS) Provides a compilation of information regarding the occurrence and distribution of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment which will help establish new and more efficient monitoring programs and new research lines Depicts the most important results of environmental risk assessments that can be used as a first step for further toxicological studies

Ecotoxicology of Marine Organisms

Ecotoxicology of Marine Organisms Book
Author : Bernardo Duarte,Maria Isabel Violante Caçador
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-14
ISBN : 1351973231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive review of the most recent studies on the impact of contaminants on the marine environment. Conventional and new information, as well as the latest techniques, are presented, which can be applied to several types of marine organisms from bacteria and fungi to animals and algae. Specific topics discussed include the impact of different contaminants on different organisms as well as different approaches and their outcomes in terms of impact assessment. The integration of these techniques is also discussed in order to attain sentinel species and biomarkers to be applied for assessing ecological quality and impact assessment programs and studies.

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecotoxicology of Marine Organisms

Ecotoxicology of Marine Organisms Book
Author : Bernardo Duarte,Maria Isabel Violante Caçador
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-14
ISBN : 1351973223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive review of the most recent studies on the impact of contaminants on the marine environment. Conventional and new information, as well as the latest techniques, are presented, which can be applied to several types of marine organisms from bacteria and fungi to animals and algae. Specific topics discussed include the impact of different contaminants on different organisms as well as different approaches and their outcomes in terms of impact assessment. The integration of these techniques is also discussed in order to attain sentinel species and biomarkers to be applied for assessing ecological quality and impact assessment programs and studies.

Pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment of the Baltic Sea region

Pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment of the Baltic Sea region Book
Author : Vieno, Niina,Hallgren, Pär,Wallberg, Petra,Pyhälä, Minna,Zandaryaa, Sarantuyaa,Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
Release : 2017-09-25
ISBN : 9231002139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment of the Baltic Sea region book written by Vieno, Niina,Hallgren, Pär,Wallberg, Petra,Pyhälä, Minna,Zandaryaa, Sarantuyaa,Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Life Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

The Life Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment Book
Author : B.M. Peake,R. Braund,Alfred Tong,Louis A Tremblay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-13
ISBN : 190881845X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment identifies pathways of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment, beginning with the role of global prescribing and disposal practices. The book then discusses typical levels of common pharmaceuticals and how they can be determined in natural waters such as raw and treated sewage, and in potable water. In addition, sections examine methods currently available to degrade pharmaceuticals in natural waters and some of their ecotoxicological impacts, along with future considerations and the growing concept of product stewardship. Encompasses the full lifecycle of common pharmaceuticals, from prescription and dispensing practices to their occurrence in a range of different types of natural waters and their environmental impact Explores the role of the healthcare system and its affect on users Beneficial for environmental engineers involved in the design and operation of appropriate degradation technologies of the pharmaceutical prescription and disposal practices

Stressors in the Marine Environment

Stressors in the Marine Environment Book
Author : Martin Solan,Nia Whiteley
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-03-10
ISBN : 0191028894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A multitude of direct and indirect human influences have significantly altered the environmental conditions, composition, and diversity of marine communities. However, understanding and predicting the combined impacts of single and multiple stressors is particularly challenging because observed ecological feedbacks are underpinned by a number of physiological and behavioural responses that reflect stressor type, severity, and timing. Furthermore, integration between the traditional domains of physiology and ecology tends to be fragmented and focused towards the effects of a specific stressor or set of circumstances. This novel volume summarises the latest research in the physiological and ecological responses of marine species to a comprehensive range of marine stressors, including chemical and noise pollution, ocean acidification, hypoxia, UV radiation, thermal and salinity stress before providing a perspective on future outcomes for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today. Stressors in the Marine Environment synthesises the combined expertise of a range of international researchers, providing a truly interdisciplinary and accessible summary of the field. It is essential reading for graduate students as well as professional researchers in environmental physiology, ecology, marine biology, conservation biology, and marine resource management. It will also be of particular relevance and use to the regulatory agencies and authorities tasked with managing the marine environment, including social scientists and environmental economists.

Pharmaceutical Residues in the Environment

Pharmaceutical Residues in the Environment Book
Author : Jolanta Kumirska
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-11-18
ISBN : 3039434853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmaceuticals, due to their pseudo-persistence and biological activity as well as their extensive use in human and veterinary medicine, are a class of environmental contaminants that is of emerging concern. In contrast to some conventional pollutants, they are continuously delivered at low levels, which might give rise to toxicity even without high persistence rates. These chemicals are designed to have a specific physiological mode of action and to resist frequently inactivation before exerting their intended therapeutic effect. These features, among others, result in the bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals which are responsible for toxic effects in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. It is extremely important to know how to remove them from the environment and/or how to implement procedures or treatments resulting in their biological inactivation. Although great advances have been made in their detection in aquatic matrices, there remains limited analytical methodologies available for the trace analysis of target and non-target pharmaceuticals in matrices such as soils, sediments, or biota. There are still many gaps in the data on their fate and behavior in the environment as well as on their threats to ecological and human health. This book has included nine current research and three review articles in this field.

Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems

Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems Book
Author : Donat-P. Häder,E. Walter Helbling,Virginia E. Villafañe
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 3030756025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides examples of pollutants, such as accidental oil spills and non-degradable plastic debris, which affect marine organisms of all taxa. Terrestrial runoff washes large amounts of dissolved organic materials from agriculture and industry, toxic heavy metals, pharmaceuticals, and persistent organic pollutants which end up into rivers, coastal habitats, and open waters. While this book is not intended to encyclopaedically list all kinds of pollution, it rather exemplifies the problems by concentrating on a number of serious and prominent recent developments. The chapters in this book also discuss measures to decrease and remove aquatic pollution to mitigate the stress on aquatic organisms. Aquatic ecosystems provide a wide range of ecological and economical services. In addition to providing a large share of the staple diet for a fast growing human population, oceans absorb most of the anthropogenically emitted carbon dioxide and mitigate climate change. As well as rising temperatures and ocean acidification, pollution poses increasing problems for aquatic ecosystems and organisms reducing its functioning and services which are exposed to a plethora of stress factors.

Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Changing Environment

Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Changing Environment Book
Author : Janine M. H. Selendy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-02-06
ISBN : 1119416213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revised and updated second edition of Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Changing Environment offers an interdisciplinary guide to the conditions responsible for water and sanitation related diseases. The authors discuss the pathogens, vectors, and their biology, morbidity and mortality that result from a lack of safe water and sanitation. The text also explores the distribution of these diseases and the conditions that must be met to reduce or eradicate them. The text includes contributions from authorities from the fields of climate change, epidemiology, environmental health, environmental engineering, global health, medicine, medical anthropology, nutrition, population, and public health. Covers the causes of individual diseases with basic information about the diseases and data on the distribution, prevalence, and incidence as well as interconnected factors such as environmental factors. The authors cover access to and maintenance of clean water, and guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta, and grey water, plus examples of solutions. Written for students, and professionals in infectious disease, public health and medicine, chemical and environmental engineering, and international affairs, the second edition of Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Changing Environment isa comprehensive resource to the conditions responsible for water and sanitation related diseases.

Pharmaceutical Residues in Freshwater Hazards and Policy Responses

Pharmaceutical Residues in Freshwater  Hazards and Policy Responses Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 1789061814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report calls for a better understanding of the effects of pharmaceutical residues in the environment, greater international collaboration and accountability distribution, and policy actions to prevent and remedy emerging concerns. Laboratory and field tests show traces of oral contraceptives causing the feminisation of fish and amphibians, and residues of psychiatric drugs altering fish behaviour. Antimicrobial resistance, linked to the overuse of antibiotics, has rapidly escalated into a global health crisis. Unless adequate measures are taken to manage the risks, pharmaceutical residues will increasingly be released into the environment as ageing populations, advances in healthcare, and intensification of meat and fish production spur the demand for pharmaceuticals worldwide. The report outlines a collective, life‑cycle approach to managing pharmaceuticals in the environment. A policy mix of source‑directed, use‑orientated and end‑of‑pipe measures, involving several policy sectors, can help to improve health and protect the environment.

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment Book
Author : R E Hester,R M Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-08-27
ISBN : 1782622349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medicines play an important role in the treatment and prevention of disease in humans and animals, but residues from these medicines can be released into the environment through a number of routes during their manufacture, use and disposal. It is only recently that the potential environmental impacts of this exposure to pharmaceuticals are being considered. The book explores where pharmaceutical residues can be found, e.g. in surface waters, drinking water, sediments and the marine environment; the sources of these residues, from manufacture through to disposal of unused medicines; how these residues break down; and how this all impacts on wildlife and human health. In reviewing the current position and examining further possible impacts, this book is an important reference for researchers working in the pharmaceutical industry, as well as for environmentalists, policy makers and students on pharmacy and environmental science courses wanting to better understand the impacts of pharmaceuticals on the environment.

Life Below Water

Life Below Water Book
Author : Walter Leal Filho,Anabela Marisa Azul,Luciana Brandli,Pinar Gökcin Özuyar,Tony Wall
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-05-29
ISBN : 9783319985350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problems related to the process of industrialisation such as biodiversity depletion, climate change and a worsening of health and living conditions, especially but not only in developing countries, intensify. Therefore, there is an increasing need to search for integrated solutions to make development more sustainable. The United Nations has acknowledged the problem and approved the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. On 1st January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the Agenda officially came into force. These goals cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. The Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comprehensively addresses the SDGs in an integrated way. It encompasses 17 volumes, each one devoted to one of the 17 SDGs. This volume is dedicated to SDG 14 “Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development". Marine and coastal bio-resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development. This volume addresses this sustainability challenge providing the description of a range of terms, which allows a better understanding and fosters knowledge about it. Concretely, the defined targets are: Prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution Sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels Effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics Conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information Prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation 16 Increase the economic benefits to small island developing states and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing states and least developed countries Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of “The future we want”

Fate and Effects of Anticancer Drugs in the Environment

Fate and Effects of Anticancer Drugs in the Environment Book
Author : Ester Heath,Marina Isidori,Tina Kosjek,Metka Filipič
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-01
ISBN : 3030210480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides current knowledge and research on the presence and effects of anticancer drug residues in the aqueous environment and covers all relevant aspects of the presence of these residues in wastewaters and natural aquatic systems, where numerous analogies between their pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in humans and their effects in the environment can be drawn. This book comprises of 18 chapters and represents the combined work of leading scientists from different research institutions from across the globe. We present the state of the art in the field of anticancer drug residues in the aquatic environment while being cognizant of the many challenges that remain.

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment Book
Author : Klaus Kümmerer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-10
ISBN : 3540746641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following the success of the first edition, this pioneering study of pharmaceuticals in the environment has been updated and greatly extended. It includes the status of research on pharmaceuticals in soil, with attention to terrestrial and aquatic environments as well as new substance categories such as tetracylines and chinolones and the latest results concerning contamination of the environment and risk reduction.

Environmental Problems in Marine Biology

Environmental Problems in Marine Biology Book
Author : Tamara Garcia Barrera,Jose Luis Gomez Ariza
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 148226451X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine environment can be affected by several pollutants such as the presence of elements and their chemical species, pharmaceuticals, nanoparticles and other emerging contaminants. Environmental monitoring can be assessed by genomics, proteomics (i.e. redox proteomics), chemical speciation analysis and metallomics, metabolomics as well as other advanced strategies. The present book is a useful methodological tool for researchers and specialists in the field of analytical chemistry, environmental sciences, biochemistry, genomics and toxicology. The book includes for the first time the methodological aspects and applications related to chemical speciation and –omics strategies applied to marine environment.

Marine and Coastal Protected Areas

Marine and Coastal Protected Areas Book
Author : Rodney V. Salm,Rodney V Salm,John R. Clark,Erkki Siirila
Publisher : IUCN
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9782831705408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a new edition of the classic textbook on marine protected area (MPA) management in the tropics, originally produced as an output of the Bali World Parks Congress in 1982. Approaches to planning and managing MPAs have evolved considerably. Major advances include innovative financing mechanisms, partnerships with the private sector and NGOs, and collaborative management between government and coastal communities. These advances have brought new approaches for MPA establishment and management that are more participatory, involving communities through interaction and collaboration rather than prescription. With new case studies and illustrations, the guide comes in a water-resistant cover for field use. It is intended for those who plan individual and/or national MPA systems and gives philosophical context for MPAs along with some basic principles and approaches.

Interaction and Fate of Pharmaceuticals in Soil Crop Systems

Interaction and Fate of Pharmaceuticals in Soil Crop Systems Book
Author : Sandra Pérez Solsona,Nicola Montemurro,Serge Chiron,Damià Barceló
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-01
ISBN : 3030612902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge on the fate and interaction of pharmaceuticals in soil-crop systems. It addresses the principles of their transport, uptake and metabolism and reviews methodologies for their analytical determination. It also discusses ecotoxicological effects arising from their presence and highlights bioremediation approaches for their removal. The use of treated wastewater to irrigate crops is becoming more widespread in regions where freshwater is limited. This practice conserves freshwater resources and contributes to nutrient recycling. However, concerns remain regarding the safety of irrigation with treated wastewater since it contains residues of pharmaceuticals that have survived treatment, which means that soil and fauna are potentially exposed to these xenobiotics. Various pathways govern the fate of pharmaceuticals in crop-soil systems, including soil degradation; formation of non-extractable residues; uptake by soil-dwelling organisms (e.g. earthworms); and uptake, transport, and metabolism in agricultural crops. Investigations into these aspects have only recently been initiated, and there is still a long way to go before a meaningful assessment of the impact of wastewater has been completed.

Shark Biology and Conservation

Shark Biology and Conservation Book
Author : Daniel C. Abel,R. Dean Grubbs
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 1421438372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enhanced by hundreds of original color photographs and beautifully detailed line drawings, Shark Biology and Conservation will appeal to anyone who is spellbound by this wondrous, ecologically important, and threatened group, including marine biologists, wildlife educators, students, and shark enthusiasts.

Human Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Human Pharmaceuticals in the Environment Book
Author : Bryan W. Brooks,Duane B. Huggett
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-08
ISBN : 1461434734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human interaction with the environment remains one of the most pervasive facets of modern society. In a world characterized by rapid population growth, unprecedented global trade and digital communications, energy security, natural resource scarcities, climatic changes and environmental quality, emerging diseases and public health, biodiversity and habitat modifications are routinely touted by the popular press as they canvas global political agendas and scholarly endeavors.