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Pesticide Risk Assessment In Rice Paddies

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Pesticide Risk Assessment in Rice Paddies Theory and Practice

Pesticide Risk Assessment in Rice Paddies  Theory and Practice Book
Author : Ettore Capri,Dimitrios Karpouzas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-11
ISBN : 9780080551142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rice is cultivated throughout the world under submerged conditions. The high water requirements and the heavy pesticide load used in rice paddies worldwide have resulted in contamination of associated surface water, such as streams, ditches, rivers and lakes. The uniform risk assessment approach which has been developed for other crops is not applicable to rice paddies, because of the specific conditions applied to rice cultivation. Pesticide Risk Assessment in Rice Paddies: Theory and Practice fills the gap in information on this subject. Written by experts, this book summarizes the methods used for pesticide risk assessment in rice paddies, the limitations and problems encountered and future developments. It also examines the various agronomic, pesticide application and risk assessment approaches used in different rice cultivated zones in Asia, America and Europe and is an essential reference for those working in this area. * The only up-to-date book dealing with pesticide risk assessment in the flooded conditions of rice paddies * Offers guidelines on the use and application of existing modeling tools, specific for rice cultivation * Presents the differences and similarities in rice cropping systems and how these relate to pesticide risk assessment

Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology

Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology Book
Author : Prashant Kumar Singh,Ajay Kumar,Alok Kumar Shrivistava,Vipin Kumar Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-28
ISBN : 0128193115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology presents the novel, practical, and theoretical aspects of cyanobacteria, providing a better understanding of basic and advanced biotechnological application in the field of sustainable agriculture. Chapters have been designed to deal with the different aspects of cyanobacteria including their role in the evolution of life, cyanobacterial diversity and classification, isolation, and characterization of cyanobacteria through biochemical and molecular approaches, phylogeny and biogeography of cyanobacteria, symbiosis, Cyanobacterial photosynthesis, morphological and physiological adaptation to abiotic stresses, stress-tolerant cyanobacterium, biological nitrogen fixation. Other topics include circadian rhythms, genetics and molecular biology of abiotic stress responses, application of cyanobacteria and cyanobacterial mats in wastewater treatments, use as a source of novel stress-responsive genes for development of stress tolerance and as a source of biofuels, industrial application, as biofertilizer, cyanobacterial blooms, use in Nano-technology and nanomedicines as well as potential applications. This book will be important for academics and researchers working in cyanobacteria, cyanobacterial environmental biology, cyanobacterial agriculture and cyanobacterial molecular biologists. Summarizes the various aspects of cyanobacterial research, from primary nitrogen fixation, to advanced nano-technology applications Addresses both practical and theoretical aspects of the cyanobacterial application Includes coverage of biochemical and molecular approaches for the identification, use and management of cyanobacteria

Herbicides and Environment

Herbicides and Environment Book
Author : Andreas Kortekamp
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-01-08
ISBN : 9533074760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Herbicides are much more than just weed killers. They may exhibit beneficial or adverse effects on other organisms. Given their toxicological, environmental but also agricultural relevance, herbicides are an interesting field of activity not only for scientists working in the field of agriculture. It seems that the investigation of herbicide-induced effects on weeds, crop plants, ecosystems, microorganisms, and higher organism requires a multidisciplinary approach. Some important aspects regarding the multisided impacts of herbicides on the living world are highlighted in this book. I am sure that the readers will find a lot of helpful information, even if they are only slightly interested in the topic.

Applied Soil Chemistry

Applied Soil Chemistry Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Tariq A. Altalhi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 1119710189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the state-of-the-art information regarding applied soil sciences. It covers the fundamentals, model concepts, principles, chemical reactions, functions, chemical recycling, chemical weathering, acid-base chemistry, carbon sequestration, and nutrient availability of soils. Also, it includes soil chemistry of heavy-metals, environment, clay, ion-exchange processes, analytical tools and applications. This book helps to understand the about soil characteristics targeting soil chemical reactions and interactions and its applications.

Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Masayuki Fujita,Kamrun Nahar,Jiban Krishna Biswas
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-12
ISBN : 0128143339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance provides an important guide to recognizing, assessing and addressing the broad range of environmental factors that can inhibit rice yield. As a staple food for nearly half of the world’s population, and in light of projected population growth, improving and increasing rice yield is imperative. This book presents current research on abiotic stresses including extreme temperature variance, drought, hypoxia, salinity, heavy metal, nutrient deficiency and toxicity stresses. Going further, it identifies a variety of approaches to alleviate the damaging effects and improving the stress tolerance of rice. Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance provides an important reference for those ensuring optimal yields from this globally important food crop. Covers aspects of abiotic stress, from research, history, practical field problems faced by rice, and the possible remedies to the adverse effects of abiotic stresses Provides practical insights into a wide range of management and crop improvement practices Presents a valuable, single-volume sourcebook for rice scientists dealing with agronomy, physiology, molecular biology and biotechnology

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Agrochemistry

Sustainable Agrochemistry Book
Author : Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 3030178919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a broad range of technologies for sustainable agrochemistry, e.g. semiochemicals for pest management, nanotechnology for release of eco-friendly agrochemicals, and green chemistry principles for agriculture. It provides a concise introduction to sustainable agrochemistry for a professional audience, and highlights the main scientific and technological approaches that can be applied to modern agrochemistry. It also discusses various available technologies for reducing the negative impacts of agrochemicals on the environment and human health.

Pesticide Risk Assessment

Pesticide Risk Assessment Book
Author : Sumitra Arora
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2019-04-08
ISBN : 178064633X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pesticide Risk Assessment book written by Sumitra Arora, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Rice based Production Systems

Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Rice based Production Systems Book
Author : Aldo Ferrero,Francesco Vidotto
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Rice based Production Systems book written by Aldo Ferrero,Francesco Vidotto, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators

Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators Book
Author : David Fischer,Tom Moriarty
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-29
ISBN : 1118852699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pollinators play a vital role in ecosystem health and are essential to ensuring food security. With declines in both managed and wild pollinator populations in recent years, scientists and regulators have sought answers to this problem and have explored implementing steps to protect pollinator populations now and for the future. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators focuses on the role pesticides play in impacting bee populations and looks to develop a risk assessment process, along with the data to inform that process, to better assess the potential risks that can accompany the use of pesticide products. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators opens with two chapters that provide a biological background of both Apis and non-Apis species of pollinators. Chapters then present an overview of the general regulatory risk assessment process and decision-making processes. The book then discusses the core elements of a risk assessment, including exposure estimation, laboratory testing, and field testing. The book concludes with chapters on statistical and modeling tools, and proposed additional research that may be useful in developing the ability to assess the impacts of pesticide use on pollinator populations. Summarizing the current state of the science surrounding risk assessment for Apis and non-Apis species, Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators is a timely work that will be of great use to the environmental science and agricultural research communities. Assesses pesticide risk to native and managed pollinators Summarizes the state of the science in toxicity testing and risk assessment Provides valuable biological overviews of both Apis and non-Apis pollinators Develops a plausible overall risk assessment framework for regulatory decision making Looks towards a globally harmonized approach for pollinator toxicity and risk assessment

The Use of Remote Sensing in Hydrology

The Use of Remote Sensing in Hydrology Book
Author : Frédéric Frappart,Luc Bourrel
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-06-01
ISBN : 3038429090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "The Use of Remote Sensing in Hydrology" that was published in Water

Active Media Technology

Active Media Technology Book
Author : Runhe Huang,Ali A. Ghorbani,Takahira Yamaguchi,Gabriella Pasi,Neil Yen,Beihong Jin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-11-28
ISBN : 3642352367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Active Media Technology, AMT 2012, held in Macau, China, in December 2012. The 65 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from a numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on awareness multi-agent systems, data mining, ontology mining, web reasoning, social applications of active media, human-centered computing, personalization and adaptation, smart digital art and e-learning.

Rice Production Worldwide

Rice Production Worldwide Book
Author : Bhagirath S. Chauhan,Khawar Jabran,Gulshan Mahajan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-16
ISBN : 3319475169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses aspects of rice production in rice-growing areas of the world including origin, history, role in global food security, cropping systems, management practices, production systems, cultivars, as well as fertilizer and pest management. As one of the three most important grain crops that helps to fulfill food needs all across the globe, rice plays a key role in the current and future food security of the world. Currently, no book covers all aspects of rice production in the rice-growing areas of world. This book fills that gap by highlighting the diverse production and management practices as well as the various rice genotypes in the salient, rice-producing areas in Asia, Europe, Africa, the Americas, and Australia. Further, this text highlights harvesting, threshing, processing, yields and rice products and future research needs. Supplemented with illustrations and tables, this text is essential for students taking courses in agronomy and production systems as well as for agricultural advisers, county agents, extension specialists, and professionals throughout the industry.

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2015-01-01
ISBN : 9251087091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 30 years, the FAO regional office in Bangkok has assisted countries in Asia and the Pacific region to establish pesticide legislation and regulations, and to manage these products in accordance with the Code of Conduct and other international conventions and treaties. Many workshops aimed at enhancing harmonization among countries’ regulatory frameworks for the control of pesticides have been conducted in the region. The most recent workshop on practical aspects of pesticide risk a ssessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides was conducted in Nanjing, China from 19 to 22 May 2014. This publication provides an updated status of pesticide risk reduction in Asian countries. It also contains databases of registered and banned pesticides, and important documents from the Nanjing workshop that serve to enhance closer cooperation among countries in phasing-out hazardous pesticides.

Fate of Pesticides in the Atmosphere Implications for Environmental Risk Assessment

Fate of Pesticides in the Atmosphere  Implications for Environmental Risk Assessment Book
Author : Harrie F.G. van Dijk,W. Addo J. van Pul,Pim de Voogt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 940171536X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global pesticide use is currently estimated at approximately 2. 5 billion kg per year (Pimentel eta/. , 1998). To be effective, pesticides need to persist for a certain period of time. However, the longer their persistence, the greater the potential for transport of a fraction of the amount applied away from the target area. Pesticides are dispersed in the environment by water currents, wind, or biota. Pesticides can directly contaminate ground and surface waters by leaching, surface run-off and drift. Pesticides can also enter the atmosphere during application by evaporation and drift of small spray droplets, that remain airborne. Following application, pesticides may volatilise from the crop or the soil. Finally, wind erosion can cause soil particles and dust loaded with pesticides to enter the atmosphere. The extent to which pesticides enter the air compartment is dependent upon many factors: the properties of the substance in question (e. g. vapour pressure), the amount used, the method of application, the formulation, the weather conditions (such as wind speed, temperature, humidity), the nature of the crop and soil characteristics. Measurements at application sites reveal that sometimes more than half of the amount applied is lost into the atmosphere within a few days (Spencer and Cliath, 1990; Taylor and Spencer; 1990; Van den Berg et a/. , this issue).

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture Book
Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 0128124660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Book
Author : Rajinder Peshin,Ashok K. Dhawan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-03-10
ISBN : 1402089902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Pest Management – Dissemination and Impact, Volume 2 is a sequel to Integrated Pest Management – Innovation-DevelopmentProcess, Volume 1. The book focuses on the IPM systems in the developed countries of North America, Europe and Australia, and the developing countries of Asia, Latin America and Africa. One of the major impedimentsin the dissemination and adoption of the IPM innovation is the complexity of the technology and reaching the vast population of farmers especially in the developing countries. The IPM-innovation development process is incomplete without the diffusion and adoption of IPM methods by the end users, and through its consequences. In spite of all the efforts in the developed and developing countries, the adoption of IPM is still low with few exceptions. The book covers the underlying concepts and methodologies of the diffusion of innovation theory and the program evaluation; and reviews the progress and impact of IPM programs implemented in the industrialized, the green revolution and the subsistence agricultural systems of the world. Forty-four experts from entomology, plant pathology, environmental science, agronomy, anthropology, economics and extensioneducationfromAfrica, Asia, Australia, Europe,NorthAmerica and South America have discussed impact of IPM with an interdisciplinary perspective. Each one of the experts is an authority in his or her eld of expertise. The researchers, farmers’education,supportingpoliciesofthegovernmentsandmarketforcesarethe elements of the IPM innovation system to achieve wider adoption of IPM strategy in agriculture.

Applied Wetlands Science and Technology Second Edition

Applied Wetlands Science and Technology  Second Edition Book
Author : Donald M. Kent
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-08-30
ISBN : 142003295X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuing the tradition of excellence established by the first edition, the Second Edition of Applied Wetlands Science and Technology provides the fundamentals for delineating, identifying, and regulating wetlands. It covers functions and values, ecological assessments, and how to minimize negative impacts on wetlands. The book also presents essential information on wetland creation, enhancement, restoration, and monitoring. Selected management topics include designing and managing wetlands for wildlife, managing coastal marshes, and wetlands education. Three new chapters in the Second Edition: Wetlands Mitigation Banking-discusses the purpose, policy, and technology of mitigation banking Watershed Management-covers the most current remediation technology as it pertains to wetlands Managing Global Wetlands-describes the classification and management of wetlands throughout the world Written by wetland professionals, this indispensable guide furnishes extensive information on how wetlands function, how they can be protected, and how they can be managed. Recognizing that each and every situation is unique and requires specific solutions, Applied Wetlands Science and Technology, Second Edition focuses on providing guidelines for effective decision making.

Strategies for Bioremediation of Organic and Inorganic Pollutants

Strategies for Bioremediation of Organic and Inorganic Pollutants Book
Author : Maria S. Fuentes,Verónica L. Colin,Juliana M. Saez
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-29
ISBN : 135185738X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increased awareness surrounding environmental protection has prompted the development of more ecofriendly technologies. This book provides useful information on technologies based upon the use of biological agents for environmental clean-up, including bacteria, yeast, fungi, algae, and plants. Some chapters refer to the direct application of products derived from plants and microorganisms for designing strategies of environmental remediation. The combination of strategies helps in efficient removal of pollutants generated from anthropogenic activities with minimal environmental impact. This book is meant for professionals involved in environmental technology and waste management.

International Agricultural Law and Policy

International Agricultural Law and Policy Book
Author : Hope Johnson
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2018-10-26
ISBN : 178643945X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globalised agriculture and food systems are at the crux of significant issues facing humanity from the rise in diet-related diseases to water pollution and biodiversity loss. Yet, legal scholarship on the regulation of agriculture and food is only now emerging. This timely book provides the first systematic analysis of the public international rules influencing agriculture. Each chapter considers the regulatory instruments that intersect with different components of agricultural systems from land tenure and soils through to agricultural in-puts and trade.