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Pervaporation Vapour Permeation And Membrane Distillation

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Pervaporation Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation

Pervaporation  Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Alberto Figoli,Mohamed Khayet
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-07
ISBN : 1782422560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation. Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate. Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology. Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.

Membrane Fabrication

Membrane Fabrication Book
Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Chris Wright
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-03-02
ISBN : 1482210460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membranes play a crucial role in ensuring the optimum use and recovery of materials in manufacturing. In the process industries, they are required for efficient production and minimization of environmental impact. They are also essential for the efficient production of clean water, a significant global issue. Membrane Fabrication brings together ex

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering Book
Author : Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2010-07-09
ISBN : 0080932509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multivolume work covers all aspects of membrane science and technology - from basic phenomena to the most advanced applications and future perspectives. Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. The work presents researchers and industrial managers with an indispensable tool toward achieving these aims. Covers membrane science theory and economics, as well as applications ranging from chemical purification and natural gas enrichment to potable water Includes contributions and case studies from internationally recognized experts and from up-and-coming researchers working in this multi-billion dollar field Takes a unique, multidisciplinary approach that stimulates research in hybrid technologies for current (and future) life-saving applications (artificial organs, drug delivery)

Membrane Reactor Engineering

Membrane Reactor Engineering Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Marcello De Falco,Gabriele Centi,Gaetano Iaquaniello
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 1118906802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Uniquely focussed on the engineering aspects of membrane reactors Provides tools for analysis with specific regard to sustainability Applications include water treatment, wastewater recycling, desalination, biorefineries, agro-food production Membrane reactors can bring energy saving, reduced environmental impact and lower operating costs

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Soney C. George,Thomasukutty Jose
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 0128167866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation assesses recent applications in the pervaporation performance of polymer nanocomposites of different length scales. The book discusses the effects of a range of nanofillers, their dispersion, the effect of different polymers, and organic and inorganic nanomaterials in the pervaporation process. In addition, the book explores how the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite materials make them better for use in different types of liquids, while also discussing the challenges of using different nanocomposites for this purpose effectively and safely. In particular, polymer nanocomposites for g nanoscale dispersion, filler/polymer interactions, and morphology are addressed. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, chemical engineers and environmental engineers who want to learn more about how polymer nanocomposites are being used to make the pervaporation separation process more effective. Explores the progress that has been made in recent years in using polymer nanocomposites to enhance the pervaporation separation process Discusses the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite classes, assessing which situations they should best be used in Outlines major challenges in safely and effectively using polymer nanocomposites in the pervaporation separation process

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering Book
Author : Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Enrica Fontananova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 0444637966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Second Edition is an interdisciplinary and innovative reference work on membrane science and technology. Written by leading researchers and industry professionals from a range of backgrounds, chapters elaborate on recent and future developments in the field of membrane science and explore how the field has advanced since the previous edition published in 2010. Chapters are written by academics and practitioners across a variety of fields, including chemistry, chemical engineering, material science, physics, biology and food science. Each volume covers a wide spectrum of applications and advanced technologies, such as new membrane materials (e.g. thermally rearranged polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity and new hydrophobic fluoropolymer) and processes (e.g. reverse electrodialysis, membrane contractors, membrane crystallization, membrane condenser, membrane dryers and membrane emulsifiers) that have only recently proved their full potential for industrial application. This work covers the latest advances in membrane science, linking fundamental research with real-life practical applications using specially selected case studies of medium and large-scale membrane operations to demonstrate successes and failures with a look to future developments in the field. Contains comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage, helping readers understand the latest theory Offers readers a variety of perspectives on how membrane science and engineering research can be best applied in practice across a range of industries Provides the theory behind the limits, advantages, future developments and failure expectations of local membrane operations in emerging countries

Membranes for Environmental Applications

Membranes for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Zhien Zhang,Wenxiang Zhang,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-29
ISBN : 3030339785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces recent developments of membrane technologies applied to gas and water treatments, energy processes and environmental issues. Novel knowledge and mechanisms on membrane fabrication and usage in energy, chemical, and environmental engineering are detailed in 12 book chapters from France, UK, Spain, China, Nigeria, Iran and Pakistan. The information in this book will be useful for engineers, students, and experts in these fields.

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation Book
Author : Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-12
ISBN : 0080932223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation Book
Author : Kang-Jia Lu,Tai-Shung Chung
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 1000690660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to elaborate the basics and recent advances of membrane distillation (MD) as the same shows promise for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Starting with fundamentals of MD processes, including the heat and mass transfer analysis, energy evaluation and mathematical modelling, text includes engineering and molecular design of MD membranes. Various types of hybrid systems, including freeze desalination (FD)-MD, MD-crystallization (MDC), pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)-MD and forward osmosis (FO)-MD, will be discussed in this book. Further, it summarizes the future of MD from both industrial and academic perspectives along with energy sources and economic analysis.

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Kamran Ghasemzadeh,Adolfo Iulianelli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 0128232730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Phenomena in Membranes illustrates many aspects of mass transport in different membranes used in separation processes, along with their advantages when compared with other types of separation methods. This book focuses on introducing and analyzing transport phenomena in membranes and overviewing achievements in the development of mass transport mechanisms of various membranes. Hence, this book is a key reference text for R&D managers in industry interested in the development of membrane technologies as well as academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the wider area of the strategic treatment, separation and purification processes. This book is intended to act as a resource for a wide range of people in various separation fields, including students and researchers, consultants and engineers, operators and managers, who have an interest in membrane technology. Describes developments in transport phenomena in different membrane processes Provides a comprehensive reference book in the membrane field for students and engineers Describes membrane separation fundamentals and relates them to various potential applications

Membrane Distillation in Desalination

Membrane Distillation in Desalination Book
Author : Farid Benyahia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-30
ISBN : 1498748554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Distillation in Desalination is an attempt to provide the latest knowledge, state of the art and demystify outstanding issues that delay the deployment of the technology on a large scale. It includes new updates and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of membrane distillation technology and explains the energy advantage of membrane distillation for desalination when compared to traditional techniques such as thermal or reverse osmosis. The book includes the latest pilot test results from around the world on membrane distillation desalination.

Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation

Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation Book
Author : Robert A. Johnson,Minh H. Nguyen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-04-03
ISBN : 0470122161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses principles and practical applications of membrane distillation and osmotic distillation, separation technologies which are gaining increasing attention due to their advantages over conventional concentration processes. • Addresses membrane and osmotic distillation, two closely related and novel processes that offer several advantages over conventional concentration processes • Has a widespread impact and application of the technology in industries such as food, environment, and nuclear clean-up / containment • Covers theoretical aspects of both processes, the properties of hydrophobic membranes, process economics, integrated processes and future prospects. • Caters the presentation caters for the diversity of readership with respect to links with membrane technologies.

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering Book
Author : Adolfo Iulianelli
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-06-14
ISBN : 303921022X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue is aimed at highlighting the potentialities of membrane and membrane reactor operations in various sectors of chemical engineering, based on application of the process intensification strategy. In all of the contributions, the principles of process intensification were pursued during the adoption of membrane technology, demonstrating how it may lead to the development of redesigned processes that are more compact and efficient while also being more environmental friendly, energy saving, and amenable to integration with other green processes. This Special Issue comprises a number of experimental and theoretical studies dealing with the application of membrane and membrane reactor technology in various scientific fields of chemical engineering, such as membrane distillation for wastewater treatment, hydrogen production from reforming reactions via inorganic membrane and membrane photoassisted reactors, membrane desalination, gas/liquid phase membrane separation of CO2, and membrane filtration for the recovery of antioxidants from agricultural byproducts, contributing to valorization of the potentialities of membrane operations.

Membrane Contactor Technology

Membrane Contactor Technology Book
Author : Mohammad Younas,Mashallah Rezakazemi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-04-18
ISBN : 3527348611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An eye-opening exploration of membrane contactors from a group of industry leaders In Membrane Contactor Technology: Water Treatment, Food Processing, Gas Separation, and Carbon Capture, an expert team of researchers delivers an up-to-date and insightful explanation of membrane contactor technology, including transport phenomena, design aspects, and diverse process applications. The book also includes explorations of membrane synthesis, process, and module design, as well as rarely discussed process modeling and simulation techniques. The authors discuss the technical and economic aspects of this increasingly important technology and examine the geometry, flow, energy and mass transport, and design aspects of membrane contactor modules. They also cover a wide range of application opportunities for this technology, from the materials sciences to process engineering. Membrane Contactor Technology also includes: A thorough introduction to the membrane contactor extraction process, including dispersion-free membrane extraction processes and supported liquid membrane processes Comprehensive explorations of membrane transport theory, including discussions of diffusional mass and heat transfer modeling, as well as numerical modeling In-depth examinations of module configuration and geometry, including design and flow configuration Practical discussions of modes or operation, including membrane distillation, osmotic evaporation, and forward osmosis Perfect for process engineers, biotechnologists, water chemists, and membrane scientists, Membrane Contactor Technology also belongs in the libraries of chemical engineers, polymer chemists, and chemists working in the environmental industry.

Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes Book
Author : S. Sridhar,Siddhartha Moulik
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-26
ISBN : 1119418364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Separation processes are challenging steps in any process industry for isolation of products and recycling of reactants. Membrane technology has shown immense potential in separation of liquid and gaseous mixtures, effluent treatment, drinking water purification and solvent recovery. It has found endless popularity and wide acceptance for its small footprint, higher selectivity, scalability, energy saving capability and inherent ease of integration into other unit operations. There are many situations where the target component cannot be separated by distillation, liquid extraction, and evaporation. The different membrane processes such as pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation could be used for solving such industrial bottlenecks. This book covers the entire array of fundamental aspects, membrane synthesis and applications in the chemical process industries (CPI). It also includes various applications of pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation in industrially and socially relevant problems including separation of azeotropic mixtures, close-boiling compounds, organic–organic mixtures, effluent treatment along with brackish and seawater desalination, and many others. These processes can also be applied for extraction of small quantities of value-added compounds such as flavors and fragrances and selective removal of hazardous impurities, viz., volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as vinyl chloride, benzene, ethyl benzene and toluene from industrial effluents. Including case studies, this is a must-have for any process or chemical engineer working in the industry today. Also valuable as a learning tool, students and professors in chemical engineering, chemistry, and process engineering will benefit greatly from the groundbreaking new processes and technologies described in the volume.

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book
Author : Gnaneswar Gude
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-05-01
ISBN : 0128167122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Advances in Functional Separation Membranes

Advances in Functional Separation Membranes Book
Author : Xin Li,Jiuyang Lin,Shuaifei Zhao
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-11-29
ISBN : 1839165448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane technology has received great popularity in many industrial sectors and significantly enhanced our abilities to restructure production processes, protect the environment and public health, and provide competitive strategies for separation and purification. However, the need for sustainable development has imposed new targets for this technology, such as more effective/precise separation and stricter admissible limits for the discharge of contaminants into the environment. Focusing on hot topic environment-related applications, Advances in Functional Separation Membranes introduces emerging membranes nanoengineered with attractive functions and discusses their key features. It also provides a comprehensive guide to various design strategies for such functional membranes, making it useful reference for environmental chemists and membrane engineers alike.

Process Synthesis and Process Intensification

Process Synthesis and Process Intensification Book
Author : Ben-Guang Rong
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2017-09-25
ISBN : 311046506X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Process synthesis and process intensification arebecomingstate-of-the-art scientific fields that provide the methods and tools to improve process technologies in terms of high energy efficiency, low capital investment, low emissions, improved safety, and less hazardous byproducts to achieve sustainable products and processes. The book covers manufacturing processes from both fossil- and biomass-based feedstocks for graduate students.

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes Book
Author : Dionisio da Silva Biron,Venina dos Santos,Mara Zeni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 3319586041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers diverse types of ceramic membranes applied in separation processes. The authors present the preparation methods and well as the main application of ceramic membranes. Modules, microfiltration and ultrafiltration are topics described within the text. The final chapter focuses on water and wastewater treatment by membranes separation processes.

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Noel Jacob Kaleekkal,Prasanna Kumar S Mural,Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran,Upal Ghosh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-06
ISBN : 1000395006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment discusses relevant sustainable technologies for water and wastewater treatment pertaining to a nanoscale approach to water treatment and desalination, membrane-based technologies for water recovery and reuse, the energy and water nexus, degradation of organic pollutants, nascent technologies, bio and bio-inspired materials for water reclamation and integrated systems, and an overview of wastewater treatment plants. The book focuses on advanced topics including in situ generation of hydroxyl radicals, which can aid in the indiscriminate oxidation of any contaminant present in wastewater, making advanced oxidation processes commercially viable. Features: A comprehensive review of current and novel water and wastewater treatment technologies from a sustainability perspective All the sustainable technologies, such as desalination, wastewater treatment, advanced oxidation processes, hydrodynamic cavitation, membrane-based technologies, sonosorption, and electrospun fibers Discussion on reference materials for important research accomplishments in the area of water and environmental engineering Theoretical aspects covering principles and instrumentation A summary on sustainability, including life cycle assessment (LCA), energy balance and large-scale implementation of advanced techniques This book is aimed at professionals, graduate students, and researchers in civil, chemical, environmental engineering, and materials science.