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Perinatal And Developmental Epigenetics

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Pregnancy Disorders and Perinatal Outcomes

Pregnancy Disorders and Perinatal Outcomes Book
Author : Cathy Vaillancourt,Julie Lafond,Maria do Carmo Ferreira,José Teixeira Freire,Ana Maria da Silveira
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2012-06-08
ISBN : 1608053725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pregnancy Disorders and Perinatal Outcomes offers readers insights into knowledge related to maternal habits or disorders that could affect fetal development and lead to disability later in childhood and adulthood. It contains chapters on the role of plac

Mead Johnson Symposium on Perinatal and Developmental Medicine

Mead Johnson Symposium on Perinatal and Developmental Medicine Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mead Johnson Symposium on Perinatal and Developmental Medicine book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Adaptive and Maladaptive Aspects of Developmental Stress

Adaptive and Maladaptive Aspects of Developmental Stress Book
Author : Giovanni Laviola,Simone Macrì
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-01-31
ISBN : 1461456053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the very early stages of life, we all experience some form of stress. Stressors can be mild to severe and can range from unsuccessfully longing for maternal milk in infancy, to recklessly wiggling on a motorbike to be on time to watch the NBA finals on TV, to breaking up a relationship. All those events that we call “stress” have the capability of perturbing a given state of psychological and physiological equilibrium and moving it to a different level. The transition from crawling to walking has to be considered a form of stress as much as losing a job. It is through a continuous cross-talk between environmental stressors and individual adaptations that we build our personalities and our ways to cope with daily hassles. External challenges should not necessarily be regarded as “bad”, but instead seen as constructive forces forming our ability to navigate a changing world. What is stress good for? What is stress bad for? When and why do we need to be “stressed”? Should we worry about stress? When does stress equate to “normality”? When does it turn into pathology? We hope with this book to provide some answers to these fundamental questions.

Handbook of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology

Handbook of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology Book
Author : Klaus Evertz,Ludwig Janus,Rupert Linder
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-27
ISBN : 3030417166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The handbook synthesizes the comprehensive interdisciplinary research on the psychological and behavioral dimensions of life before, during, and immediately after birth. It examines how experiences during the prenatal period are associated with basic physiological and psychological imprints that last a lifetime and explores the ways in which brain networks reflect these experiences. Chapters offer findings on prenatal development, fetal programming, fetal stress, and epigenetics. In addition, chapters discuss psychotherapy for infants – before, during, and after birth – as well as prevention to promote positive health and well-being outcomes. Topics featured in this handbook include: Contemporary environmental stressors and adverse pregnancy outcomes The psychology of newborn intensive care. Art therapy and its use in treating prenatal trauma. The failures and successes of Cathartic Regression Therapy. Prenatal bonding and its positive effects on postnatal health and well-being. The role of family midwives and early prevention. The cultural meaning of prenatal psychology. The Handbook of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology is an essential resource for researchers, clinicians and related professionals, as well as graduate students in a wide range of interrelated disciplines, including developmental psychology, pediatric and obstetrical medicine, neuroscience, infancy and early child development, obstetrics and gynecology, nursing, social work, and early childhood education.

Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal Perinatal Medicine E Book

Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal Perinatal Medicine E Book Book
Author : Richard J. Martin,Avroy A. Fanaroff,Michele C. Walsh
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-04-11
ISBN : 0323567096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trusted by physicians and advanced practice providers through ten standard-setting editions, Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, 11th Edition, remains the reference of choice for expert, multidisciplinary guidance on the management and evidence-based treatment of problems in the mother, fetus, and neonate. An expanded team of international authors, led by Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh of Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, brings you up to date with advances in the control of nosocomial infections in preterm infants, genetic disorders and birth defects, the fetal origins of adult disease, the late preterm infants, and much more – all designed to help you improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients. Helps you make informed clinical choices for each patient – from diagnosis and treatment selection through post-treatment strategies and management of complications – with a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. Includes a new chapter on Social and Economic Contributors to Neonatal Outcome. Features extensive updates and reorganization throughout, with new Key Points at the end of each chapter Provides up-to-date, evidence-based content, with more information on precision medicine and genetics. Uses detailed, full-color illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Remains the most comprehensive, multidisciplinary text in the field – an excellent source of information for every stage of your practice.

Epigenetic Programming of Cardiovascular Disease by Perinatal Hypoxia and Fetal Growth Restriction

Epigenetic Programming of Cardiovascular Disease by Perinatal Hypoxia and Fetal Growth Restriction Book
Author : Paola Casanello
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the worldwide deaths in patients with non-communicable diseases are due to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, which are determined by a mix of environmental, genetic and epigenetic factors, and by their interactions. The aetiology of most cardiovascular diseases has been partially linked with in utero adverse conditions that may increase the risk of developing diseases later in life, known as Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Perinatal hypoxia can program the fetal and postnatal developmental patterns, resulting in permanent modifications of cells, organs and systems function. In spite of the vast evidence obtained from human and animal studies linking development under adverse intrauterine conditions with increased cardiovascular risk, still few is known about the specific effects of intrauterine oxygen deficiency and the related pathogenic mechanisms. Currently, the most accepted processes that program cellular function are epigenetic mechanisms which determine gene expression in a cell-specific fashion. In this chapter we will review the current literature regarding the perinatal exposure to chronic hypoxia and Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) in humans and animals and how this impinges the cardiovascular physiology through epigenetic, biochemical, morphologic and pathophysiologic modifications that translate into diseases blasting at postnatal life.

Epigenetic Clocks

Epigenetic Clocks Book
Author : Megan McGill
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Maternal prenatal anxiety and depression are associated with adverse developmental outcomes that vary markedly at the level of the individual child. Epigenetic clocks, a tool used to calculate biological age estimates on the basis of DNA methylation information, have emerged as clinically relevant biomarkers for adverse health outcomes in adults. Error rates of epigenetic clocks currently in use (≥3.6 years) limits their utility in pediatric populations. Recently, a new epigenetic clock specifically designed for use in children, the Pediatric-Buccal-Epigenetic (PedBE) clock (error = 0.35 years), has been developed and shown to associate with child neurodevelopment. In this project, we used DNA methylation data from two independent cohorts of children to characterize the PedBE clock. Specifically, we sought to determine if perinatal maternal mood symptoms predict epigenetic aging in children and if accelerated epigenetic aging associates with child mental health symptoms. We also performed exploratory analyses on a measure of the early care environment to determine if the quality of early care-giving buffers the effects of maternal prenatal anxiety/depression on pediatric epigenetic age acceleration. Our analyses indicated a significant positive association between prenatal maternal anxiety and pediatric epigenetic aging over time. Accelerated epigenetic aging predicted child mental health symptoms. For the first time, we show an association between maternal prenatal mood and pediatric epigenetic age acceleration. These novel findings highlight the potential utility of the PedBE clock as a biological index of exposure to maternal prenatal anxiety and further our understanding of the biological embedding of our earliest experience"--

Developmental Psychobiology and Behavioral Ecology

Developmental Psychobiology and Behavioral Ecology Book
Author : Elliott M. Blass
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1988-03-31
ISBN : 9780306427282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The previous volume in this series (Blass, 1986) focused on the interface between developmental psychobiology and developmental neurobiology. The volume emphasized that an understanding of central nervous system development and function can be obtained only with reference to the behaviors that it manages, and it emphasized how those behaviors, in tum, shape central development. The present volume explores another natural interface of developmental psy chobiology; behavioral ecology. It documents the progress made by developmental psychobiologists since the mid-1970s in identifying capacities of learning and con ditioning in birds and mammals during the very moments following birth-indeed, during the antenatal period. These breakthroughs in a field that had previously lain dormant reflect the need to "meet the infant where it is" in order for behavior to emerge. Accordingly, studies have been conducted at nest temperature; infants have been rewarded by opportunities to huddle, suckle, or obtain milk, behaviors that are normally engaged in the nest. In addition, there was rejection of the exces sive deprivation, extreme handling, and traumatic manipulation studies of the 1950s and 1960s that yielded information on how animals could respond to trauma but did not reveal mechanisms of normal development. In their place has arisen a series of analyses of how naturally occurring stimuli and situations gain control over behavior and how specifiable experiences impose limitations on subsequent development. Constraints were identified on the range of interactions that remained available to developing animals as a result of particular events.

Perinatal Programming

Perinatal Programming Book
Author : Andreas Plagemann
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 3110249456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perinatal Programming addresses the environment-dependent setting of fundamental life functions and dispositions for diseases in developmental periods during pregnancy and in early infancy. It provides a new view of the origins of health and diseases. To realize these associations may enable us to prevent diseases for the long term. This book reviews actual state-of-the-art knowledge in the perinatal programming field. The authors are internationally known scientists of this research area.

Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience

Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience Book
Author : Mark Samuel Blumberg,John Henry Freeman,Scott R. Robinson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience book written by Mark Samuel Blumberg,John Henry Freeman,Scott R. Robinson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gender related Differences

Gender related Differences Book
Author : Katharine Blick Hoyenga,Kermit T. Hoyenga
Publisher : Allyn & Bacon
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work provides a description of the roles that sex chromosomes and hormones do - and do not - play in moulding human sex differences in the brain and behaviour. It applies advances in evolutionary theory to all the broad aspects of a given area in psychology - sex differences.

Neonatal perinatal Medicine

Neonatal perinatal Medicine Book
Author : Avroy A. Fanaroff,Richard J. Martin
Publisher : Mosby
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This classic reference work is the most comprehensive to date and features discussions on the diverse practice of neonatal-perinatal medicine; pregnant disorders and their impact on the fetus; delivery room care; provisions for neonatal care; and the development and disorder of organ systems. Also covers the use of computers and includes contributions from some of the most recognized specialists in the field.

Perinatal Programming of Neurodevelopment

Perinatal Programming of Neurodevelopment Book
Author : Marta C. Antonelli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-06
ISBN : 1493913727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of the brain and nervous system is shaped not just by a genetic program, but also by the effects of multiple environmental stimuli. There are currently no book-length treatments of perinatal neurodevelopment. The proposed book seeks to fill this gap by presenting a collection of chapters from leading experts in the field. It is intended to be comprehensive and will cover all aspects of neurodevelopmental programming in lab animals and in human subjects. The third section of the book will look at ways of translating insights we have garnered from animal studies to human and clinical studies. The primary audience for this work is basic researchers interested in the effects of perinatal imprinting on the development of the nervous system and associated diseases.

Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal perinatal Medicine

Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal perinatal Medicine Book
Author : Richard J. Martin,Avroy A. Fanaroff,Michele C. Walsh
Publisher : Mosby Incorporated
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9780323065450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine covers everything you need to improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients. Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh, along with a multi-disciplinary team of contributors guide you through the sweeping developments in diagnosis and treatment of the mother fetus, and neonate. The completely updated 9th edition keeps you current on the late preterm infant, the fetal origins of adult disease, neonatal anemia, genetic disorders, and more.in print and online. Get comprehensive guidance on treating patients through a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. See nuances and details in over 800 illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Find the information you need easily with indexing in both volumes that provides quick access to specific guidance. Access the fully searchable contents of the book online at expertconsult.com, along with a downloadable image library. Spot genetic problems early and advise parents of concerns thanks to completely new section on this topic. Tackle the health problems associated with preterm births through a new chapter on The Late Preterm Infant. Understand the fetal origins of adult disease through a new chapter that focuses on conditions that originate in the womb. Stay current on the developments and research surrounding neonatal anemia from the entirely new chapter on Blood and Hematopoietic System highlights. Obtain more global perspectives and best practices from an increased number of international contributions in this edition. Advance clinically with advice based on the best-available evidence covering the wide spectrum of both perinatology and neonatology

Prenatal Stress and Child Development

Prenatal Stress and Child Development Book
Author : Ashley Wazana,Eszter Székely,Tim F. Oberlander
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 9783030601584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the complex impact of prenatal stress and the mechanism of its transmission on children’s development and well-being, including prenatal programming, epigenetics, infl ammatory processes, and the brain-gut microbiome. It analyzes current findings on prenatal stressors affecting pregnancy, including preconception stress, prenatal maternal depression, anxiety, and pregnancy-specific anxieties. Chapters explore how prenatal stress affects cognitive, affective, behavioral, and neurobiological development in children while pinpointing core processes of adaptation, resilience, and interventions that may reduce negative behaviors and promote optimal outcomes in children. Th is complex perspective on mechanisms by which early environmental influences interact with prenatal programming of susceptibility aims to inform clinical strategies and future research targeting prenatal stress and its cyclical impact on subsequent generations. Key areas of coverage include: The developmental effects of prenatal maternal stress on children. Epigenetic effects of prenatal stress. Intergenerational transmission of parental early life stress. The microbiome-gut-brain axis and the effects of prenatal stress on early neurodevelopment. The effect of prenatal stress on parenting. Gestational stress and resilience. Prenatal stress and children’s sleeping behavior. Prenatal, perinatal, and population-based interventions to prevent psychopathology. Prenatal Stress and Child Development is an essential resource for researchers, professors and graduate students as well as clinicians, therapists, and related professionals in infancy and early childhood development, maternal and child health, developmental psychology, pediatrics, social work, child and adolescent psychiatry, developmental neuroscience, and related behavioral and social sciences and medical disciplines. Excerpt from the foreword: “I would make the plea that in addition to anyone with an interest in child development, this book should be essential reading for researchers pursuing “pre-clinical, basic science models of neurodevelopment and brain health”.... This book provides what in my mind is the most advanced compilation of existing knowledge and state-of-the-art science in the field of prenatal psychiatry/psychology (and perhaps in the entire field of prenatal medicine). This volume can brilliantly serve to focus future directions in our understanding of the perinatal determinants of brain health.” Michael J Meaney James McGill Professor of Medicine Translational Neuroscience Programme Adjunct Professor of Paediatrics

Handbook of Child Psychology Theoretical Models of Human Development

Handbook of Child Psychology  Theoretical Models of Human Development Book
Author : William Damon,Richard M. Lerner
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2006-03-31
ISBN : 9780471272885
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part of the authoritative four-volume reference that spans the entire field of child development and has set the standard against which all other scholarly references are compared. Updated and revised to reflect the new developments in the field, the Handbook of Child Psychology, Sixth Edition contains new chapters on such topics as spirituality, social understanding, and non-verbal communication. Volume 1: Theoretical Models of Human Development, edited by Richard M. Lerner, Tufts University, explores a variety of theoretical approaches, including life-span/life-course theories, socio-culture theories, structural theories, object-relations theories, and diversity and development theories. New chapters cover phenomenology and ecological systems theory, positive youth development, and religious and spiritual development.

Prenatal Development and Parents Lived Experiences How Early Events Shape Our Psychophysiology and Relationships Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology

Prenatal Development and Parents  Lived Experiences  How Early Events Shape Our Psychophysiology and Relationships  Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology  Book
Author : Ann Diamond Weinstein
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2016-08-29
ISBN : 0393711072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The influence of the preconception and prenatal period on child development and parent-child relationships. This book presents recent knowledge, research, and theory about the earliest developmental period—from conception to birth—which holds even greater consequences for the health and development of the human organism than was previously understood. Theory and research in multiple disciplines provide the foundation for the exploration of how experiences during conception and time in the womb; during and after birth; and experiences with caregivers and the family system in the early postnatal period impact an individual physically, cognitively, emotionally, and socially over their life span. Knowledge drawn from numerous fields highlights the opportunity for parents-to-be and the practitioners who care for them to intentionally support the cultivation of nurturing internal and external environments during the preconception, prenatal, and early parenting periods. Theory and research from the fields of psychology, medicine, psychophysiology, epigenetics, and traumatology, among others, suggest that doing so will support lifelong multidimensional aspects of healthy development in children and adults and may also benefit future generations.

Early Fetal Growth and Development

Early Fetal Growth and Development Book
Author : R. Humphry T. Ward,Stephen K. Smith,Dian Donnai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Early Fetal Growth and Development book written by R. Humphry T. Ward,Stephen K. Smith,Dian Donnai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physical Therapy for Children

Physical Therapy for Children Book
Author : Suzann K. Campbell,Robert J. Palisano,Darl W. Vander Linden
Publisher : Saunders
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes DVD with video clips, and a resource-filled website.