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Patient H M

Patient H M  Book
Author : Luke Dittrich
Publisher : Random House
Release : 2016-08-11
ISBN : 1448104688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the summer of 1953, maverick neurosurgeon William Beecher Scoville performed a groundbreaking operation on an epileptic patient named Henry Molaison. But it was a catastrophic failure, leaving Henry unable to create long-term memories. Scoville's grandson, Luke Dittrich, takes us on an astonishing journey through the history of neuroscience, from the first brain surgeries in ancient Egypt to the New England asylum where his grandfather developed a taste for human experimentation. Dittrich's investigation confronts unsettling family secrets and reveals the dark roots of modern neuroscience, raising troubling questions that echo into the present day.

Summary and Analysis of Patient H M A Story of Memory Madness and Family Secrets

Summary and Analysis of Patient H M   A Story of Memory  Madness  and Family Secrets Book
Author : Worth Books
Publisher : Open Road Media
Release : 2017-05-16
ISBN : 1504046463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

So much to read, so little time? This brief overview of Patient H.M. tells you what you need to know—before or after you read Luke Dittrich’s book. Crafted and edited with care, Worth Books set the standard for quality and give you the tools you need to be a well-informed reader. This short summary and analysis of Patient H.M.: A Story of Memory, Madness, and Family Secrets includes: Historical context Chapter-by-chapter overviews Profiles of the main characters Detailed timeline of key events Important quotes Fascinating trivia Glossary of terms Supporting material to enhance your understanding of the original work About Patient H.M. by Luke Dittrich: Patient H.M. tells the extraordinary true story of Henry Molaison, a young man who underwent a lobotomy in 1953 in hopes of curing his epilepsy. Instead, he suffered extensive memory loss and would became the most studied patient in the history of neuroscience. Luke Dittrich, whose grandfather performed the surgery, artfully combines family history, medical science, and investigative journalism to create a suspenseful and unsettling narrative on the search to understand the most elusive of scientific research topics: the human memory. The summary and analysis in this ebook are intended to complement your reading experience and bring you closer to a great work of nonfiction.

The Neurological Patient in History

The Neurological Patient in History Book
Author : L. S. Jacyna,Stephen T. Casper
Publisher : University Rochester Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1580464122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essays from noted contributors trace the evolution of the neurological patient's role, treatment, and place in the history of medicine.

Patient based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience

Patient based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Todd E. Feinberg,Martha J. Farah
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780262561235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The cognitive disorders that follow brain damage are an important source of insight into the neural bases of human thought. Although cognitive neuroscience is sometimes equated with cognitive neuroimaging, the patient-based approach to cognitive neuroscience is responsible for most of what we now know about the brain systems underlying perception, attention, memory, language, and higher-order forms of thought including consciousness. This volume brings together state-of-the-art reviews of the patient-based approach to these and other central issues in cognitive neuroscience, written by leading authorities. Part I covers the history, principles, and methods of patient-based neuroscience: lesion method, imaging, computational modeling, and anatomy. Part II covers perception and vision: sensory agnosias, disorders of body perception, attention and neglect, disorders of perception and awareness, and misidentification syndromes. Part III covers language: aphasia, language disorders in children, specific language impairments, developmental dyslexia, acquired reading disorders, and agraphia. Part IV covers memory: amnesia and semantic memory impairments. Part V covers higher cognitive functions: frontal lobes, callosal disconnection (split brain), skilled movement disorders, acalculia, dementia, delirium, and degenerative conditions including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease. Contributors: Michael P. Alexander, Russell M. Bauer, Kathleen Baynes, D. Frank Benson, H. Branch Coslett, Jeffrey L. Cummings, Tim Curran, Antonio R. Damasio, Hanna Damasio, Ennio De Renzi, Maureen Dennis, Mark D'Esposito, Martha J. Farah, Todd E. Feinberg, Michael S. Gazzaniga, Georg Goldenberg, Jordan Grafman, Kenneth M. Heilman, Diane M. Jacobs, Daniel I. Kaufer, Daniel Y. Kimberg, Maureen W. Lovett, Richard Mayeux, M.-Marsel Mesulam, Bruce L. Miller, Robert D. Nebes, Robert D. Rafal, Marcus E. Raichle, Timothy Rickard, David M. Roane, David J. Roeltgen, Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi, Eleanor M. Saffran, Daniel L. Schacter, Karin Stromswold, Edward Valenstein, Robert T. Watson, Tricia Zawacki, Stuart Zola.

Patient H M

Patient H M  Book
Author : Luke Dittrich
Publisher : Random House
Release : 2016-08-09
ISBN : 067964380X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Oliver Sacks meets Stephen King”* in this propulsive, haunting journey into the life of the most studied human research subject of all time, the amnesic known as Patient H.M. For readers of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks comes a story that has much to teach us about our relentless pursuit of knowledge. Winner of the PEN/E.O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award • Los Angeles Times Book Prize Winner NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The Washington Post • New York Post • NPR • The Economist • New York • Wired • Kirkus Reviews • BookPage In 1953, a twenty-seven-year-old factory worker named Henry Molaison—who suffered from severe epilepsy—received a radical new version of the then-common lobotomy, targeting the most mysterious structures in the brain. The operation failed to eliminate Henry’s seizures, but it did have an unintended effect: Henry was left profoundly amnesic, unable to create long-term memories. Over the next sixty years, Patient H.M., as Henry was known, became the most studied individual in the history of neuroscience, a human guinea pig who would teach us much of what we know about memory today. Patient H.M. is, at times, a deeply personal journey. Dittrich’s grandfather was the brilliant, morally complex surgeon who operated on Molaison—and thousands of other patients. The author’s investigation into the dark roots of modern memory science ultimately forces him to confront unsettling secrets in his own family history, and to reveal the tragedy that fueled his grandfather’s relentless experimentation—experimentation that would revolutionize our understanding of ourselves. Dittrich uses the case of Patient H.M. as a starting point for a kaleidoscopic journey, one that moves from the first recorded brain surgeries in ancient Egypt to the cutting-edge laboratories of MIT. He takes readers inside the old asylums and operating theaters where psychosurgeons, as they called themselves, conducted their human experiments, and behind the scenes of a bitter custody battle over the ownership of the most important brain in the world. Patient H.M. combines the best of biography, memoir, and science journalism to create a haunting, endlessly fascinating story, one that reveals the wondrous and devastating things that can happen when hubris, ambition, and human imperfection collide. “An exciting, artful blend of family and medical history.”—The New York Times *Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

Permanent Present Tense

Permanent Present Tense Book
Author : Suzanne Corkin
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release : 2013-05-14
ISBN : 0465033490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1953, 27-year-old Henry Gustave Molaison underwent an experimental "psychosurgical" procedure -- a targeted lobotomy -- in an effort to alleviate his debilitating epilepsy. The outcome was unexpected -- when Henry awoke, he could no longer form new memories, and for the rest of his life would be trapped in the moment. But Henry's tragedy would prove a gift to humanity. As renowned neuroscientist Suzanne Corkin explains in Permanent Present Tense, she and her colleagues brought to light the sharp contrast between Henry's crippling memory impairment and his preserved intellect. This new insight that the capacity for remembering is housed in a specific brain area revolutionized the science of memory. The case of Henry -- known only by his initials H. M. until his death in 2008 -- stands as one of the most consequential and widely referenced in the spiraling field of neuroscience. Corkin and her collaborators worked closely with Henry for nearly fifty years, and in Permanent Present Tense she tells the incredible story of the life and legacy of this intelligent, quiet, and remarkably good-humored man. Henry never remembered Corkin from one meeting to the next and had only a dim conception of the importance of the work they were doing together, yet he was consistently happy to see her and always willing to participate in her research. His case afforded untold advances in the study of memory, including the discovery that even profound amnesia spares some kinds of learning, and that different memory processes are localized to separate circuits in the human brain. Henry taught us that learning can occur without conscious awareness, that short-term and long-term memory are distinct capacities, and that the effects of aging-related disease are detectable in an already damaged brain. Undergirded by rich details about the functions of the human brain, Permanent Present Tense pulls back the curtain on the man whose misfortune propelled a half-century of exciting research. With great clarity, sensitivity, and grace, Corkin brings readers to the cutting edge of neuroscience in this deeply felt elegy for her patient and friend.

Medical Physiology

Medical Physiology Book
Author : Rodney Rhoades,David R. Bell
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780781768528
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its Third Edition, this text clearly and concisely presents the physiological principles that are essential to clinical medicine. Outstanding pedagogical features include Active Learning Objectives that emphasize problem-solving applications of basic principles; conceptual diagrams that help students visualize complex processes; case studies, Clinical Focus boxes, and From Bench to Bedside boxes; a comprehensive glossary; and online USMLE-style questions with answers and explanations. This edition features a new Immunology and Organ Function chapter and a completely rewritten and reorganized cardiovascular section. A companion Website will include the fully searchable text, an interactive question bank, case studies with practice questions, animations of complex processes, an image bank, and links for further study.

Neoplasma

Neoplasma Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neoplasma book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook Of Clinical And Experimental Neuropsychology

Handbook Of Clinical And Experimental Neuropsychology Book
Author : Gianfranco Denes,Luigi Pizzamiglio
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2020-03-06
ISBN : 1317735021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The domain of neuroscience has had one of the most explosive growths in recent decades: within this development there has been a remarkable and renewed interest in the study of the relations between behaviour and the central nervous system. Part of this new attention is connected with the contribution of new technologies (PET, fMRI) permitting more precise mapping of neural structures responsible for cognitive functions and the development of new theoretical models of mental activities. The diffusion of new pathologies (for example the pattern of cognitive impairment associated with AIDS) has further enlarged the field of clinical neuropsychology. Finally there has been an expanding clinical interest in the understanding and management of age-related cognitive changes. This volume is the translated and updated version of the second edition of Manuale di Neuropsicologia (Zanichelli, 1996), by the same authors, and it reflects the current status of the art. It is intended to blend clinical and theoretical aspects of neuropsychology. The first part discusses the instrumental and clinical methods of investigation in neuropsychology, together with their development. A long section is dedicated to the language and memory disorders. The impairment of non-verbal cognitve functions, such as the disorders of space orientation, of of visuo-perceptive abilities, and of the emotions and attention, are extensively discussed. The pattern of degenerative dementias is thorougly described, as e is thoroughly described, as well as a number of new topics, such as a neuropsychological approach to consciousness. Finally, perspectives for treatment of some cognitive disorders are outlined.

The Wiley Handbook on The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

The Wiley Handbook on The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Book
Author : Donna Rose Addis,Morgan Barense,Audrey Duarte
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-06-02
ISBN : 1118332598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The Wiley Blackwell Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory" presents a comprehensive overview of the latest, cutting-edge neuroscience research being done relating to the study of human memory and cognition. Featuring contributions from an international cast of leading experts in episodic, semantic, and working memory research, the chapters in this handbook summarize the innovative work currently being done in the field by scientists and their peers in each contributor's area of expertise. A wide range of methodological approaches are addressed, including fMRI, EEG, TMS, and neuropsychology--with a strong emphasis on the latest analysis techniques within each of these measurement approaches. Scholarly yet readily accessible to those with minimal experience in the field, "The Wiley Blackwell Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory" is an invaluable reference to the current state--and future potential--of human memory research.

In the Light of Evolution

In the Light of Evolution Book
Author : National Academy of Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2014-05-19
ISBN : 0309296439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humans possess certain unique mental traits. Self-reflection, as well as ethic and aesthetic values, is among them, constituting an essential part of what we call the human condition. The human mental machinery led our species to have a self-awareness but, at the same time, a sense of justice, willing to punish unfair actions even if the consequences of such outrages harm our own interests. Also, we appreciate searching for novelties, listening to music, viewing beautiful pictures, or living in well-designed houses. But why is this so? What is the meaning of our tendency, among other particularities, to defend and share values, to evaluate the rectitude of our actions and the beauty of our surroundings? What brain mechanisms correlate with the human capacity to maintain inner speech, or to carry out judgments of value? To what extent are they different from other primates' equivalent behaviors? In the Light of Evolution Volume VII aims to survey what has been learned about the human "mental machinery." This book is a collection of colloquium papers from the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium "The Human Mental Machinery," which was sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences on January 11-12, 2013. The colloquium brought together leading scientists who have worked on brain and mental traits. Their 16 contributions focus the objective of better understanding human brain processes, their evolution, and their eventual shared mechanisms with other animals. The articles are grouped into three primary sections: current study of the mind-brain relationships; the primate evolutionary continuity; and the human difference: from ethics to aesthetics. This book offers fresh perspectives coming from interdisciplinary approaches that open new research fields and constitute the state of the art in some important aspects of the mind-brain relationships.

Encyclopedia of the Mind

Encyclopedia of the Mind Book
Author : Harold Pashler
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2013-01-14
ISBN : 1412950570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It’s hard to conceive of a topic of more broad and personal interest than the study of the mind. In addition to its traditional investigation by the disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, and neuroscience, the mind has also been a focus of study in the fields of philosophy, economics, anthropology, linguistics, computer science, molecular biology, education, and literature. In all these approaches, there is an almost universal fascination with how the mind works and how it affects our lives and our behavior. Studies of the mind and brain have crossed many exciting thresholds in recent years, and the study of mind now represents a thoroughly cross-disciplinary effort. Researchers from a wide range of disciplines seek answers to such questions as: What is mind? How does it operate? What is consciousness? This encyclopedia brings together scholars from the entire range of mind-related academic disciplines from across the arts and humanities, social sciences, life sciences, and computer science and engineering to explore the multidimensional nature of the human mind.

Report

Report Book
Author : Eastern State Hospital (Va.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1891
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Report book written by Eastern State Hospital (Va.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Patient Safety

Patient Safety Book
Author : Abha Agrawal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-04
ISBN : 1461474191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the evolution and growing awareness of patient safety, many medical professionals are not a part of this important conversation. Clinicians often believe they are too busy taking care of patients to adopt and implement patient safety initiatives and that acknowledging medical errors is an affront to their skills. Patient Safety provides clinicians with a better understanding of the prevalence, causes and solutions for medical errors; bringing best practice principles to the bedside. Written by experts from a variety of backgrounds, each chapter features an analysis of clinical cases based on the Root Cause Analysis (RCA) methodology, along with case-based discussions on various patient safety topics. The systems and processes outlined in the book are general and broadly applicable to institutions of all sizes and structures. The core ethic of medical professionals is to “do no harm”. Patient Safety is a comprehensive resource for physicians, nurses and students, as well as healthcare leaders and administrators for identifying, solving and preventing medical error.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness Book
Author : Philip David Zelazo,Morris Moscovitch,Evan Thompson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-05-14
ISBN : 113946406X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the time has come when the field may finally benefit from a book that pulls them together and, by juxtaposing them, provides a comprehensive survey of this exciting field. An authoritative desk reference, which will also be suitable as an advanced textbook.

Human Organic Memory Disorders

Human Organic Memory Disorders Book
Author : Andrew R. Mayes
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1988-08-26
ISBN : 9780521344180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain damage can cause memory to break down in a number of different ways, the analysis of which can illuminate how the intact brain mediates memory processes. After first considering the problems involved in assessing memory, this book provisionally advances a taxonomy of elementary memory disorders and, for each in turn, reviews both the specific processes that are disrupted and the lesions responsible for the disruption. These disorders include short-term memory deficits, deficits in previously well-established memory, memory decifits caused by frontal lobe lesions, the organic amnesias, the disorders of conditioning and skill acquisition. Particular attention is paid to the organic amnesias, about which we know the most, and to the contributions of animal models to our knowledge. Andrew Mayes argues that the memory deficits found in several neurological and psychiatric syndromes comprise co-occurring elementary memory disorders. Finally, he outlines the implications of his taxonomy for our understanding of normal memory. A wide audience of researchers and students will find Human Organic Memory Disorders a helpful guide to a complex problem area.

The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain

The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain Book
Author : Matthew Rizzo,Steven Anderson,Bernd Fritzsch
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-04-23
ISBN : 111877177X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A thought-provoking treatise on understanding and treating the aging mind and brain This handbook recognizes the critical issues surrounding mind and brain health by tackling overarching and pragmatic needs so as to better understand these multifaceted issues. This includes summarizing and synthesizing critical evidence, approaches, and strategies from multidisciplinary research—all of which have advanced our understanding of the neural substrates of attention, perception, memory, language, decision-making, motor behavior, social cognition, emotion, and other mental functions. Written by a plethora of health experts from around the world, The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain offers in-depth contributions in 7 sections: Introduction; Methods of Assessment; Brain Functions and Behavior across the Lifespan; Cognition, Behavior and Disease; Optimizing Brain Function in Health and Disease; Forensics, Competence, Legal, Ethics and Policy Issues; and Conclusion and New Directions. Geared toward improving the recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of many brain-based disorders that occur in older adults and that cause disability and death Seeks to advance the care of patients who have perceptual, cognitive, language, memory, emotional, and many other behavioral symptoms associated with these disorders Addresses principles and practice relevant to challenges posed by the US National Academy of Sciences and National Institute of Aging (NIA) Presents materials at a scientific level that is appropriate for a wide variety of providers The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain is an important text for neurologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, physiatrists, geriatricians, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and other primary caregivers who care for patients in routine and specialty practices as well as students, interns, residents, and fellows.

Psychiatric Care of the Medical Patient

Psychiatric Care of the Medical Patient Book
Author : Barry S. Fogel,Donna B. Greenberg
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-05-28
ISBN : 0190226293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third edition of Psychiatric Care of the Medical Patient brings a classic reference text into the twenty-first century. It combines critical scholarship with the voice of expert clinicians who work at the interface of psychiatry with medical specialties. It is meant to be read for pleasure as well as consulted as a reference. The editors have worked with the authors to bring a consistent perspective to the book - one that sees the medical psychiatrist as an agent for bringing a more comprehensive perspective to medical care. Even seasoned and knowledgeable practitioners will find much that is new to them in this book. The volume covers topics in depth that other books in the field may not cover at all, such as the use of herbal and nutritional therapies for medical-psychiatric symptoms and syndromes, and the choice of questionnaires to supplement history-taking. It looks at old topics in a new way: The chapter on the physical examination applies psychometric considerations to the Babinski sign, describes the method and application of quantitative bedside olfactory testing, and discusses smartphone apps to improve the sensitivity of the examination. Psychiatric Care of the Medical Patient, 3rd Edition provides concepts and information to facilitate the dialogue between psychiatrists and general medical specialists - minimizing psychiatric jargon and speaking in the common language of caring and curious physicians.

Care of the Critically Ill Patient

Care of the Critically Ill Patient Book
Author : J. Tinker,M. Rapin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 1447134982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past decade there has been a considerable expansion in the understanding, assessment and treatment of critically ill patients. An attempt to portray our present knowledge of this diverse field in a comprehensive textbook is therefore a formidable and daunting undertaking. However, many colleagues in different disciplines and from different countries convinced us of the need for such a work and, greatly encouraged by their interest, we embarked upon the project. Any single text, even a very long one, cannot cover every aspect of critical illness. Our first task was, therefore, to define those areas of the subject that had to be included. This we did on a systematic basis, and although the final emphasis of the book is very largely directed to clinical matters, we felt it pertinent to include in some detail accounts of relevant physiology and technology. Care of the Critically Ill Patient is divided into twelve sections, each concerned with major facets of critical illness; each of the sixty-eight chapters includes a topical and often extensive bibliography. The many chosen contributors form an international group of specialists whose combined expertise embraces the topics that we have selected.

Landmark Papers in Neurology

Landmark Papers in Neurology Book
Author : Martin R. Turner,Matthew C. Kiernan
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2015-08-20
ISBN : 0191652547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current understanding of neurological disease has been evolving over the past 150 years. With the increasing and earlier sub-specialization of neurology trainees, and their variable exposure to higher academic study, there is little opportunity to put this development into a historical context as a whole. Understanding the 'evidence-base', or appreciating the lack of it in some cases, is an important part of training but this is rarely presented in a palatable, entertaining form. Part of the Landmark Papers in series, this book brings together the ten most important papers for each sub-speciality within neurology, covering the full range of major neurological conditions. Papers have been selected by leading international experts, who not only summarize what each paper showed, but place them into a wider context that makes a coherent story of how their sub-speciality has developed.