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Particle Physics And Cosmology The Fabric Of Spacetime

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Particle Physics and Cosmology the Fabric of Spacetime

Particle Physics and Cosmology  the Fabric of Spacetime Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-09-12
ISBN : 0080550606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime . It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

Particle physics and cosmology the fabric of spacetime lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2006

Particle physics and cosmology   the fabric of spacetime   lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2006 Book
Author : Francis Bernardeau,J. Dalibard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Particle physics and cosmology the fabric of spacetime lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2006 book written by Francis Bernardeau,J. Dalibard, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Particle Physics and Cosmology

Particle Physics and Cosmology Book
Author : Francis Bernardeau,Christophe Grojean,J. Dalibard
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780444530073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime?. It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

Particle Physics and Cosmology the Fabric of Spacetime

Particle Physics and Cosmology  the Fabric of Spacetime Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2007-09-26
ISBN : 9780444530073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on "Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime”. It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

The Fabric of the Cosmos

The Fabric of the Cosmos Book
Author : Brian Greene
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2007-12-18
ISBN : 0307428532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Brian Greene, one of the world’s leading physicists and author of the Pulitzer Prize finalist The Elegant Universe, comes a grand tour of the universe that makes us look at reality in a completely different way. Space and time form the very fabric of the cosmos. Yet they remain among the most mysterious of concepts. Is space an entity? Why does time have a direction? Could the universe exist without space and time? Can we travel to the past? Greene has set himself a daunting task: to explain non-intuitive, mathematical concepts like String Theory, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and Inflationary Cosmology with analogies drawn from common experience. From Newton’s unchanging realm in which space and time are absolute, to Einstein’s fluid conception of spacetime, to quantum mechanics’ entangled arena where vastly distant objects can instantaneously coordinate their behavior, Greene takes us all, regardless of our scientific backgrounds, on an irresistible and revelatory journey to the new layers of reality that modern physics has discovered lying just beneath the surface of our everyday world.

Cosmology on Trial

Cosmology on Trial Book
Author : Pierre St. Clair
Publisher : Torchlight Publications
Release : 2014-12
ISBN : 9781937731205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposing problems with Origin of the Universe theories The May/2014 issue of Scientific American highlighted a major calamity theorists working in particle physics admit they're in a state of "confusion" there is "widespread panic" that particle physicists may be barking up the wrong tree Science periodicals, forums, and blog posts suggest revising fundamental principles to resolve the "crisis in physics" Cosmology on Trial is an all-inclusive cosmology journal introducing the reader to many unexplained and unsolved mysteries of the universe. QUOTES FROM PHYSICISTS: "Theoretical physics is at a crossroads right now...In a sense we've entered a very deep crisis." Dr. Neil Turok - Director of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics Dr. Lee Smolin - a renowned physicist and bestselling author is pushing for a new paradigm in astrophysics: "We need to make a clean break and embark on a search for a new kind of theory that can be applied to the whole universe - a theory that avoids the confusions and paradoxes, answers the unanswerable questions, and generates genuine physical predictions for cosmological observations." Cosmology on Trial - an Amazon Bestseller by Pierre St. Clair READER'S REVIEW: A great summary study exposing the relevant details regarding modern cosmology, without complex jargon. The author's approach is "Just the facts please, show me the evidence." The Big Bang, Gravity, Quantum Mechanics, and General Relativity are on trial and their apologists go to the witness stand. Will they survive the cross-examinations? A profound eye-opener of inconsistencies taught as "scientific." OTHER REVIEWS: "This book simply makes the very strong point that our cosmology of yesteryear was not based on solid evidence, and our cosmology of today isn't either." V. DiCara - Japan "Scientific progress and complacency go ill together, and St Clair has done a superb job in actually advancing the cause of real science." M. Lyons - USA Cosmology On Trial examines the case for the origin of the universe like an attorney in a court of law Major physicists like Stephen Hawking have to defend the basis for their theories The evidence must be beyond reasonable doubt; similar to the rationale for a jury to decide a case The book reveals that Newtonian physics, General Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, and String Theory have still not proven whether Gravity is a wave, a graviton particle, or even a fabric of spacetime. Gravity is not even included in the Standard Model of Physics although it is ubiquitous. Physicists still do not fully understand Gravity, the most common force in nature. "As a scientist and as an educator, I like the idea that we believe things because there's evidence." Dr. Richard Dawkins - Oxford University Professor and Bestselling Author NASA physicists admit that 96% of the matter and energy in the universe is a mystery. Can today's cosmology be complete if science only understands 4% of the universe? Bestselling author Pierre St Clair digs deep behind the headlines to update the public about the current crisis in physics. What science really knows about the universe and the one issue that is never studied The most important initiative in physics which scientists ignore The five biggest myths of cosmology that are not supported by observation or data QUOTE FROM THE AUTHOR: " Current ideas about the origin of the universe lack verifiable data. In spite of this, many ideas masquerade as relevant theories and compete for greater elegance just like beauty pageant contestants." "If you are interested in coming to grips with just what science knows and does not know about the universe then this book is for you." A. Brennan - Australia"

Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology

Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology Book
Author : Sacha Davidson,Paolo Gambino,Mikko Laine,Matthias Neubert,Christophe Salomon
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-04-20
ISBN : 0192597760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The topic of the CVIII session of the Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in July 2017, was Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology. Effective Field Theory (EFT) is a general method for describing quantum systems with multiple length scales in a tractable fashion. It allows to perform precise calculations in established models (such as the Standard Models of particle physics and cosmology), as well as to concisely parametrise possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Models. The goal of this school was to offer a broad introduction to the foundations and modern applications of Effective Field Theory in many of its incarnations. This is all the more important as there are preciously few textbooks covering the subject, none of them in a complete way. In this book, the lecturers present the concepts in a pedagogical way so that readers can adapt some of the latest developments to their own problems. The chapters cover almost all the lectures given at the school and will serve as an introduction to the topic and as a reference manual to students and researchers.

Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics

Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics Book
Author : Hans Volker Klapdor-Kleingrothaus,I. V. Krivosheina
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9814293784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dark matter and dark energy are one of the central mysteries in modern physics, although modern astrophysical and cosmological observations and particle physics experiments can and will provide vital clues in uncovering its true nature. The DARK 2009 Conference brought together World?s leading researchers in both astrophysics and particle physics, providing an opportunity and platform to present their latest results to the community. The topics covered are wide-ranging, from terrestrial underground experiments to space experimental efforts to search for dark matter, and on the theoretical aspects, from the generating of a fifth family as origin of dark matter, extra dimensions and dark matter to non-standard Wigner classes and dark matter. One of the new highlights was certainly a possible connection between a neutrino mass as observed by nuclear double beta decay and the dark energy. Highly important and relevant in its field, the book presents a vital snapshot of the sometimes seemingly disparate areas of dark matter research and offers an exciting overview of current ideas and future directions.

String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics

String Theory and the Real World  From particle physics to astrophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-07-29
ISBN : 0080951511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics." Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

Quantum Gravity

Quantum Gravity Book
Author : Warner Schneider
Publisher : Dorrance Publishing
Release : 2016-08-02
ISBN : 1480970239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantum Gravity: A Study in Physics and Cosmology By Warner Schneider Albert Einstein determined that gravitation is the curvature of space in proximity to any celestial body of mass. If this is so, then how and why does it occur? And what is the relationship between matter and the fabric of space that allows for it? We can gain a more complete understanding of this force by identifying the various symmetries and field vectors that are replicated between the quantum level, the macrocosm of our universe, and the greater macrocosm lying beyond it. The dynamic underlying the expansion of space is revealed in this way, which goes a long way in explaining the origins of the universe and where it is ultimately headed.

The Elegant Universe

The Elegant Universe Book
Author : Brian Greene
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780375708114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduces the superstring theory that attempts to unite general relativity and quantum mechanics

Astroparticle Physics

Astroparticle Physics Book
Author : Claus Grupen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-12-06
ISBN : 354027670X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes the branch of astronomy in which processes in the universe are investigated with experimental methods employed in particle-physics experiments. After a historical introduction the basics of elementary particles, Explains particle interactions and the relevant detection techniques, while modern aspects of astroparticle physics are described in a chapter on cosmology. Provides an orientation in the field of astroparticle physics that many beginners might seek and appreciate because the underlying physics fundamentals are presented with little mathematics, and the results are illustrated by many diagrams. Readers have a chance to enter this field of astronomy with a book that closes the gap between expert and popular level.

Post Planck Cosmology

Post Planck Cosmology Book
Author : Cédric Deffayet
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015-02-05
ISBN : 0198728859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers the lecture notes of the 100th Les Houches Summer School, which was held in July 2013. These lectures represent a comprehensive pedagogical survey of the frontier of theoretical and observational cosmology just after the release of the first cosmological results of the Planck mission. The Cosmic Microwave Background is discussed as a possible window on the still unknown laws of physics at very high energy and as a backlight for studying the late-time Universe. Other lectures highlight connections of fundamental physics with other areas of cosmology and astrophysics, the successes and fundamental puzzles of the inflationary paradigm of cosmic beginning, the themes of dark energy and dark matter, and the theoretical developments and observational probes that will shed light on these cosmic conundrums in the years to come.

Concepts in Particle Physics

Concepts in Particle Physics Book
Author : V Parameswaran Nair
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2017-11-03
ISBN : 9813227575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2013 discovery of the Higgs boson posed a challenge to both physics undergraduates and their instructors. Since particle physics is seldom taught at the undergraduate level, the question "what is the Higgs and why does its discovery matter?" is a common question among undergraduates. Equally, answering this question is a problem for physics instructors. This book is an attempt to put the key concepts of particle physics together in an appealing way, and yet give enough extra tidbits for students seriously considering graduate studies in particle physics. It starts with some recapitulation of relativity and quantum mechanics, and then builds on it to give both conceptual ideas regarding the Standard Model of particle physics as well as technical details. It is presented in an informal lecture style, and includes "remarks" sections where extra material, history, or technical details are presented for the interested student. The last lecture presents an assessment of the open questions, and where the future might take us.

String Cosmology

String Cosmology Book
Author : Johanna Erdmenger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-07-14
ISBN : 352762807X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This relatively new field applies equations from string theory to solve the questions of early cosmology, since the standard picture of our universe emerging from a 'big bang' leaves many fundamental issues unanswered. String theory, on the other hand, postulates that fundamental ingredients of nature are not zero-dimensional point particles but tiny one-dimensional filaments. This theory harmoniously unites quantum mechanics and general relativity -- the previously known laws of the small and the large -- which are otherwise incompatible. The field of string cosmology has matured considerably over the past few years, attracting many new adherents. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of the topic, it is difficult for practitioners to be conversant with all the many different aspects. This book thus fills a huge gap by bringing together all the different strains of research into one single volume. The resulting collection of selected articles presents the latest, ongoing results from renowned experts currently working in the field. From the contents: * Introduction to Cosmology and String Theory * String Inflation: Brane Inflation and Inflation from Moduli * Cosmic Superstrings * The CMB as a Possible Probe of String Theory * String Gas Cosmology * Gauge-gravity Duality and String Cosmology * Heterotic M-theory and C A welcome addition to the literature for graduate students, students in astronomy, astronomers, mathematicians and theoretical physicists.

Dynamos

Dynamos Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-29
ISBN : 0080560539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamos is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "Dynamos". Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in Dynamos Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics Book
Author : Freddy Bouchet,Tapio Schneider,Antoine Venaille,Christophe Salomon
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020-02-05
ISBN : 0192597450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume, number 109 of the Les Houches Summer School series, presents the lectures held in August 2017 on the subject of turbulent flows in climate dynamics. Leading scientists in the fields of climate dynamics, atmosphere and ocean dynamics, geophysical fluid dynamics, physics and non-linear sciences present their views on this fast growing and interdisciplinary field of research, by venturing upon fundamental problems of atmospheric convection, clouds, large scale circulation, and predictability. Climate is controlled by turbulent flows. Turbulent motions are responsible for the bulk of the transport of energy, momentum, and water vapor in the atmosphere, which determine the distribution of temperature, winds, and precipitation on Earth. The aim of this book is to survey what is known about how turbulent flows control climate, what role they may play in climate change, and to outline where progress in this important area can be expected, given today's computational and observational capabilities. This book reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides an essential background to future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to masters and PhD students and all researchers wishing to enter this field.

Knots Braids And Mobius Strips Particle Physics And The Geometry Of Elementarity An Alternative View

Knots  Braids And Mobius Strips   Particle Physics And The Geometry Of Elementarity  An Alternative View Book
Author : Jack Avrin
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2015-03-13
ISBN : 9814616028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Elementary particles in this book exist as Solitons in-and-of the fabric of spacetime itself. As such they are characterized by their geometry, that is their topology and configuration which lead directly to their physical attributes and behavior as well as to a simplification and reduction of assumptions and the importation of parameter values. The emphasis of the book is thus on that geometry, the algebraic geometry associated with taxonomical issues and the differential geometry that determines the physics as well as on simplifying the results. In itself, however, the process of assembling and developing what eventually went into the book has been a singularly rewarding journey. Along the way some fascinating insights and connections to known physical attributes and theories emerge, some predictable but others unbidden and even unanticipated. The book is intended to summarize that journey in a way that, readers with a range of backgrounds will find interesting and provocative. Connections to other physical theories and subjects are also discussed. A most gratifying development is the emergence of a unifying principle underlying the epistemological structure of not only the elementary particles but of such diverse fields as Radar, Quantum mechanics, Biology, Cosmology and the Philosophy of science.

Current Trends in Atomic Physics

Current Trends in Atomic Physics Book
Author : Antoine Browaeys,Thierry Lahaye,Trey Porto,Matthias Weidemüller,Charles S. Adams,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2019-05-14
ISBN : 0198837194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at Session CVII of the summer school in physics, entitled "Current Trends in Atomic Physics" and held in July, 2016 in Les Houches, France. Atomic physics provides a paradigm for exploring few-body quantum systems with unparalleled control. In recent years, this ability has been applied in diverse areas including condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and ultra-fast phenomena as well as foundational aspects of quantum physics. This book addresses these topics by presenting developments and current trends via a series of tutorials and lectures presented by international leading investigators.

From Molecules to Living Organisms An Interplay Between Biology and Physics

From Molecules to Living Organisms  An Interplay Between Biology and Physics Book
Author : Eva Pebay-Peyroula,Hugues Nury,François Parcy,Rob W. H. Ruigrok,Christine Ziegler,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-01-07
ISBN : 0191067253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book gathers lecture notes of courses given at the 2014 summer school on integrated biology in Les Houches, France, Session CII. It addresses an emerging field ranging from molecules to cells and to organisms. Through examples it presents a new way of thinking using a combination of interdisciplinary and cutting-edge methods, bridging physics and biology beyond current biophysics. Important novel developments are expected in the coming years that may well introduce paradigm shifts in biological science. The school had the ambition to prepare participants to become major actors in these breakthroughs. The power of integrated approaches is illustrated through two cases: interactions between viruses and host cells, and flower development. The role of forces in biology, as well as their mathematical modeling, is illustrated in both processes: how they allow flower organs to emerge or how they control membrane fusion during virus budding. The book also underlines the importance of conformational changes and dynamics of proteins particularly during membrane processes. It explains how membrane proteins can be handled and studied by molecular simulations. Finally, the book also contains concepts in cell biology, in thermodynamics and several novel approaches such as in-cell NMR. Altogether, the chapters show how examining a biological system from different viewpoints based on multidisciplinary aspects often leads to enriching controversial arguments.