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Citizens in the Smart City

Citizens in the  Smart City  Book
Author : Paolo Cardullo
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-23
ISBN : 0429798091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book critically examines ‘smart city’ discourse in terms of governance initiatives, citizen participation, and policies which place emphasis on the ‘citizen’ as an active recipient and co-producer of technological solutions to urban problems. The current hype around ‘smart cities’ and digital technologies has sparked debates in the fields of citizenship, urban studies, and planning surrounding the rights and ethics of participation. It has also sparked debates around the forms of governance these technologies actively foster. This book presents new sociotechnological systems of governance that monitor citizen power, trust-building strategies, and social capital. It calls for new data economics and digital rights for a city founded on normative ideals rather than neoliberal ones. It adopts a prescriptive approach, arguing that a ‘reloaded’ smart city should foster citizenship as a new set of civil and social rights and the ‘citizen’ as a subject vested with active and meaningful forms of participation and political power. Ultimately, the book questions the utility of the ‘smart city’ project for radical municipalism, proposing a technological enough but more democratic city – an ‘intelligent city’, in fact. Offering useful contributions to ‘smart city’ initiatives for the protection of emerging digital citizenship rights and socially accrued benefits, this book will draw the interest of researchers, policymakers, and professionals in the fields of urban studies, urban planning, urban geography, computing and technology studies, urban politics, and urban economics.

E Participation in Smart Cities Technologies and Models of Governance for Citizen Engagement

E Participation in Smart Cities  Technologies and Models of Governance for Citizen Engagement Book
Author : Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar,Laura Alcaide Muñoz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-01
ISBN : 3319894749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes e-participation in smart cities. In recent decades, information and communication technologies (ICT) have played a key role in the democratic political and governance process by allowing easier interaction between governments and citizens, and the increased ability of citizens to participate in the production chain of public services. E-participation plays and important role in the development of smart cities and smart communities , but it has not yet been extensively studied. This book fills that gap by combining empirical and theoretical research to analyze actual practices of citizen involvement in smart cities and build a solid framework for successful e-participation in smart cities. The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses smart technologies and their role in improving e-participation in smart cities. Part II deals with models of e-participation in smart cities and the organization issues affecting the implementation of e-participation; these chapters analyze the efficiency of governance models in relation to the establishment of smart cities. Part III proposes incentives to motivate increased participation by governments and cititzenry within the smart cities context. Written by an international panel of experts and practitioners, this book will be a convenient source of information on e-participation in smart cities and will be valuable to academics, researchers, policy-makers, public managers, citizens, international organizations and anyone who has a stake in enhancing citizen engagement in smart cities.

Smart City Citizenship

Smart City Citizenship Book
Author : Igor Calzada
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-23
ISBN : 0128153016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart City Citizenship provides rigorous analysis for academics and policymakers on the experimental, data-driven, and participatory processes of smart cities to help integrate ICT-related social innovation into urban life. Unlike other smart city books that are often edited collections, this book focuses on the business domain, grassroots social innovation, and AI-driven algorithmic and techno-political disruptions, also examining the role of citizens and the democratic governance issues raised from an interdisciplinary perspective. As smart city research is a fast-growing topic of scientific inquiry and evolving rapidly, this book is an ideal reference for a much-needed discussion. The book drives the reader to a better conceptual and applied comprehension of smart city citizenship for democratised hyper-connected-virialised post-COVID-19 societies. In addition, it provides a whole practical roadmap to build smart city citizenship inclusive and multistakeholder interventions through intertwined chapters of the book. Users will find a book that fills the knowledge gap between the purely critical studies on smart cities and those further constructive and highly promising socially innovative interventions using case study fieldwork action research empirical evidence drawn from several cities that are advancing and innovating smart city practices from the citizenship perspective. Utilises ongoing, action research fieldwork, comparative case studies for examining current governance issues, and the role of citizens in smart cities. Provides definitions of new key citizenship concepts, along with a techno-political framework and toolkit drawn from a community-oriented perspective. Shows how to design smart city governance initiatives, projects and policies based on applied research from the social innovation perspective. Highlights citizen’s perspective and social empowerment in the AI-driven and algorithmic disruptive post-COVID-19 context in both transitional and experimental frameworks

The Role of Citizen Participation in Smart City Projects

The Role of Citizen Participation in Smart City Projects Book
Author : Svetlana Rodina
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Role of Citizen Participation in Smart City Projects book written by Svetlana Rodina, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Right to the Smart City

The Right to the Smart City Book
Author : Paolo Cardullo,Cesare Di Feliciantonio,Rob Kitchin
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2019-06-07
ISBN : 178769139X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globally, Smart Cities initiatives are pursued which reproduce the interests of capital and neoliberal government, rather than wider public good. This book explores smart urbanism and 'the right to the city', examining citizenship, social justice, commoning, civic participation, and co-creation to imagine a different kind of Smart City.

Coded Engagement

Coded Engagement Book
Author : Matthew Tenney
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This dissertation explores the concepts of coded engagement as they relate to the role of citizens’ ability to participate in smart cities. Coded engagement is what we call the perspective of citizen-as-sensor in the smart city, as it meets the ubiquitous world of interconnected sensing-technologies and big data. Because of the perceived difficulties in harnessing public participation and the hyperbolic promises of smart city technologies, coded engagement stands as a developing mode of engagement between local governments and citizens. The primary method of realizing coded engagement is often through the harvesting of data from social media, cameras, or citizens themselves to fuel data-driven methods for smart cities to offer citizen-centric services. The literature review presents public participation in the context of its role as a cornerstone of democracy and follows its evolution to a technologically enabled method for engaging with citizens. The discussion highlights how public engagement practices have followed increasing interests in identifying communities of interest and using technologically-driven methods to capture wider and more representative participants. However, as Web 2.0 technologies become more increasingly involved, so does the increased concern for the nature and quality of actors and data harnessed through these mediums.A crowd-sensing system has been designed to “remove the black-box” of many proprietary algorithms designed to harvest public opinion from user-generated content. A novel methodological approach is provided that conflates multiple attributes from social media to identify communities of practice and interest within local geographic contexts. Through the use of spatially situated social networks, space-time analysis, and natural language processing, inferred links could be explored through a 3-D visualization platform in the pursuit of informed decision-making. Two case studies are also provided on the City of Toronto. The first contextualizes corporate control on a Toronto Waterfront community as vast amounts of public resources were leveraged for a failed implementation of an intelligent community where citizens could provide real-time feedback to community leaders through crowd-platforms. The second case study provides a deeper context into the City of Toronto’s pursuits to become a smart city leading the 21st century. However, the mechanisms of governance and control of corporate interests have a grip on the future role of public participation in the smart city. Namely, participation converges through the private ownership of citizen-centric services that are fueled by collecting the passive contributions of the public"--

Sustainable Smart Cities

Sustainable Smart Cities Book
Author : Marta Peris-Ortiz,Dag R. Bennett,Diana Pérez-Bustamante Yábar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-05
ISBN : 331940895X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides the most current research on smart cities. Specifically, it focuses on the economic development and sustainability of smart cities and examines how to transform older industrial cities into sustainable smart cities. It aims to identify the role of the following elements in the creation and management of smart cities:• Citizen participation and empowerment • Value creation mechanisms • Public administration• Quality of life and sustainability• Democracy• ICT• Private initiatives and entrepreneurship Regardless of their size, all cities are ultimately agglomerations of people and institutions. Agglomeration economies make it possible to attain minimum efficiencies of scale in the organization and delivery of services. However, the economic benefits do not constitute the main advantage of a city. A city’s status rests on three dimensions: (1) political impetus, which is the result of citizens’ participation and the public administration’s agenda; (2) applications derived from technological advances (especially in ICT); and (3) cooperation between public and private initiatives in business development and entrepreneurship. These three dimensions determine which resources are necessary to create smart cities. But a smart city, ideal in the way it channels and resolves technological, social and economic-growth issues, requires many additional elements to function at a high-performance level, such as culture (an environment that empowers and engages citizens) and physical infrastructure designed to foster competition and collaboration, encourage new ideas and actions, and set the stage for new business creation. Featuring contributions with models, tools and cases from around the world, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, students, academics, professionals and policymakers interested in smart cities.

E Democracy for Smart Cities

E Democracy for Smart Cities Book
Author : T.M. Vinod Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-16
ISBN : 9811040354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the rightful role of citizens as per the constitution of the country for participation in Governance of a smart city using electronic means such as high speed fiber optic networks, the internet, and mobile computing as well as Internet of Things that have the ability to transform the dominant role of citizens and technology in smart cities. These technologies can transform the way in which business is conducted, the interaction of interface with citizens and academic institutions, and improve interactions between business, industry, and city government.

Creating Smart Cities

Creating Smart Cities Book
Author : Claudio Coletta,Leighton Evans,Liam Heaphy,Rob Kitchin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-10-26
ISBN : 1351182382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In cities around the world, digital technologies are utilized to manage city services and infrastructures, to govern urban life, to solve urban issues and to drive local and regional economies. While "smart city" advocates are keen to promote the benefits of smart urbanism – increased efficiency, sustainability, resilience, competitiveness, safety and security – critics point to the negative effects, such as the production of technocratic governance, the corporatization of urban services, technological lock-ins, privacy harms and vulnerability to cyberattack. This book, through a range of international case studies, suggests social, political and practical interventions that would enable more equitable and just smart cities, reaping the benefits of smart city initiatives while minimizing some of their perils. Included are case studies from Ireland, the United States of America, Colombia, the Netherlands, Singapore, India and the United Kingdom. These chapters discuss a range of issues including political economy, citizenship, standards, testbedding, urban regeneration, ethics, surveillance, privacy and cybersecurity. This book will be of interest to urban policymakers, as well as researchers in Regional Studies and Urban Planning.

Citizen Driven Innovation

Citizen Driven Innovation Book
Author : Jarmo Eskelinen; Ana García Robles; Ilari Lindy; Jesse Marsh; Arturo Muente-Kunigami
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2021-09-19
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guidebook aims to bring citizen-driven innovation to policy makers and change agents around the globe, by spreading good practice on open and participatory approaches as applied to digital service development in different nations, climates, cultures, and urban settings. The guidebook explores the concept of Smart Cities through a lens that promotes citizens as the driving force of urban innovation. Different models of Smart Cities are presented, showing how citizen-centric methods have been used to mobilize resources to respond to urban innovation challenges in a variety of situations, objectives and governance structures. The Living Lab approach strengthens these processes as one of the leading methods for ‘agile development’ or the rapid prototyping of ideas, concepts, products, services and processes in a highly decentralized and user-centric manner. By adopting these approaches and promoting citizen-driven innovation, cities around the world are aiming to alleviate the demand for services, increase the quality of delivery, and promote local entrepreneurship

Human Smart Cities

Human Smart Cities Book
Author : Grazia Concilio,Francesca Rizzo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-13
ISBN : 3319330241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within the most recent discussion on smart cities and the way this vision is affecting urban changes and dynamics, this book explores the interplay between planning and design both at the level of the design and planning domains’ theories and practices. Urban transformation is widely recognized as a complex phenomenon, rich in uncertainty. It is the unpredictable consequence of complex interplay between urban forces (both top-down or bottom-up), urban resources (spatial, social, economic and infrastructural as well as political or cognitive) and transformation opportunities (endogenous or exogenous). The recent attention to Urban Living Lab and Smart City initiatives is disclosinga promising bridge between the micro-scale environments, with the dynamics of such forces and resources, and the urban governance mechanisms. This bridge is represented by those urban collaborative environments, where processes of smart service co-design take place through dialogic interaction with and among citizens within a situated and cultural-specific frame.

Citizen Empowerment and Innovation in the Data Rich City

Citizen Empowerment and Innovation in the Data Rich City Book
Author : Chiara Certomà,Mark Dyer,Lorena Pocatilu,Francesco Rizzi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-07
ISBN : 3319479040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes the ongoing transformation in the “smart city” paradigm and explores the possibilities that technological innovations offer for the effective involvement of ordinary citizens in collective knowledge production and decision-making processes within the context of urban planning and management. To so, it pursues an interdisciplinary approach, with contributions from a range of experts including city managers, public policy makers, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) specialists, and researchers. The first two parts of the book focus on the generation and use of data by citizens, with or without institutional support, and the professional management of data in city governance, highlighting the social connectivity and livability aspects essential to vibrant and healthy urban environments. In turn, the third part presents inspiring case studies that illustrate how data-driven solutions can empower people and improve urban environments, including enhanced sustainability. The book will appeal to all those who are interested in the required transformation in the planning, management, and operations of data-rich cities and the ways in which such cities can employ the latest technologies to use data efficiently, promoting data access, data sharing, and interoperability.

Smart Cities

Smart Cities Book
Author : Germaine Halegoua
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2020-02-18
ISBN : 0262538059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Key concepts, definitions, examples, and historical contexts for understanding smart cities, along with discussions of both drawbacks and benefits of this approach to urban problems. Over the past ten years, urban planners, technology companies, and governments have promoted smart cities with a somewhat utopian vision of urban life made knowable and manageable through data collection and analysis. Emerging smart cities have become both crucibles and showrooms for the practical application of the Internet of Things, cloud computing, and the integration of big data into everyday life. Are smart cities optimized, sustainable, digitally networked solutions to urban problems? Or are they neoliberal, corporate-controlled, undemocratic non-places? This volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series offers a concise introduction to smart cities, presenting key concepts, definitions, examples, and historical contexts, along with discussions of both the drawbacks and the benefits of this approach to urban life. After reviewing current terminology and justifications employed by technology designers, journalists, and researchers, the book describes three models for smart city development—smart-from-the-start cities, retrofitted cities, and social cities—and offers examples of each. It covers technologies and methods, including sensors, public wi-fi, big data, and smartphone apps, and discusses how developers conceive of interactions among the built environment, technological and urban infrastructures, citizens, and citizen engagement. Throughout, the author—who has studied smart cities around the world—argues that smart city developers should work more closely with local communities, recognizing their preexisting relationship to urban place and realizing the limits of technological fixes. Smartness is a means to an end: improving the quality of urban life.

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3 Book
Author : Mohamed Ben Ahmed,Anouar Abdelhakim Boudhir,Domingos Santos,Mohamed El Aroussi,İsmail Rakıp Karas
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-04
ISBN : 303037629X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights original research and recent advances in various fields related to smart cities and their applications. It gathers papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Smart City Applications (SCA19), held on October 2–4, 2019, in Casablanca, Morocco. Bringing together contributions by prominent researchers from around the globe, the book offers an invaluable instructional and research tool for courses on computer science, electrical engineering, and urban sciences. It is also an excellent reference guide for professionals, researchers, and academics in the field of smart cities. This book covers topics including: • Smart Citizenship • Smart Education • Digital Business and Smart Governance • Smart Health Care • New Generation of Networks and Systems for Smart Cities • Smart Grids and Electrical Engineering • Smart Mobility • Smart Security • Sustainable Building • Sustainable Environment

Achieving Open Justice through Citizen Participation and Transparency

Achieving Open Justice through Citizen Participation and Transparency Book
Author : Jiménez-Gómez, Carlos E.,Gascó-Hernández, Mila
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-08-12
ISBN : 1522507183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Open government initiatives have become a defining goal for public administrators around the world. However, progress is still necessary outside of the executive and legislative sectors. Achieving Open Justice through Citizen Participation and Transparency is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on the implementation of open government within the judiciary field, emphasizing the effectiveness and accountability achieved through these actions. Highlighting the application of open government concepts in a global context, this book is ideally designed for public officials, researchers, professionals, and practitioners interested in the improvement of governance and democracy.

E Governance for Smart Cities

E Governance for Smart Cities Book
Author : T. M. Vinod Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-26
ISBN : 9812872876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the electronic governance in a smart city through case studies of cities located in many countries. “E-Government” refers to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government. These technologies can serve a variety of different ends: better delivery of government services to citizens, improved interactions with business and industry, citizen empowerment through access to information, or more efficient government management. The resulting benefits are less corruption, increased transparency, greater convenience, revenue growth, and/or cost reductions. The book is divided into three parts. • E-Governance State of the Art Studies of many cities • E-Governance Domains Studies • E-Governance Tools and Issues

Geographic Information System for Smart Cities

Geographic Information System for Smart Cities Book
Author : T M Vinodkumar
Publisher : Copal Publishing Group
Release : 2016-09-12
ISBN : 819247335X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart city is mindful every second and communicates, in real time, analyzed knowledge to citizen for satisfactory way of life, with easy delivery of services, comfortable mobility, conserving energy, environment and other natural resources, and creating energetic communities and a vibrant urban economy. Geographic Information Systems for Smart Cities explores the role of GIS in upgrading existing cities to smart cities. Beginning with a discussion on process of transition from existing GIS to smart city GIS, the book goes on to explore the GIS for smart and sustainable urbanization; practical difficulties in implementing and maintaining such self-aware GIS; open large scale geo-data management and web map services to achieve the smart city goals; role of GIS in community development. The book explains the adaptive urbanism for sea-level rise and environmentally sensitive land-use allocation for coastal smart cities. Chapters explaining the use of GIS for slum management and smart buildings in smart cities are also included. To emphasize on the importance of mobility in smart cities, the book discusses the role of using intra-day trip generation and travel management for a smart city; intelligent goods transportation system; GIS-based land-use suitability and transportation model. The latter part of the book explores agent-based simulation focused on natural disasters and safe location; biourbanism as a new framework for smart cities studies; new discipline of smart planning. Smart cities future, opportunities and barriers through scenario-based urban planning support system are discussed in detail. How past Indian experiences can be extended in future for smart Indian cities is explained. The book concludes with the identification of existing cities for upgradation, ways and means of activation of smart communities, smart institutional framework, smart economy and deployment of smart urban technologies. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Geographic Information Systems for Smart Cities is a standard reference work for city planners, urban managers, GIS specialists, and policy makers who are actively involved in building smart cities.

Handbook of Research on Global Challenges for Improving Public Services and Government Operations

Handbook of Research on Global Challenges for Improving Public Services and Government Operations Book
Author : Babaoğlu, Cenay,Akman, Elvettin,Kulaç, Onur
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 1799849791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the field of public administration has been changing due to globalization, government reforms, and increasing governance practices within intergovernmental networks, research and teaching in public administration also adapted itself to these changes. Public policy research and instruction has become transformed and has diffused into other countries with the help of international organizations and other agents of change and transfer. Research in this field is seen as an opportunity for a definitive shift from traditional models of public administration in the sense that policies may be better designed, articulated, and governed through a collaborative approach, while service provision could be enhanced in terms of proximity, representativeness, and innovativeness. The Handbook of Research on Global Challenges for Improving Public Services and Government Operations provides comprehensive approaches to the study of public administration and public policy from a comparative perspective and includes sound theories and concepts for understanding opportunities and challenges governments face when seeking to improve public services and government operations. The book is a compilation of selective high-quality chapters covering cases, experiences, and practical recommendations on topics related to public administration, public policy, social policy, public management, and public affairs. This book is ideal for policymakers, students, and researchers in the field of public administration, public policy, governance, public management, public affairs, citizen engagement, and administrative sciences and management along with practitioners, stakeholders, and academicians interested in the best practices of various countries in public administration and policy.

Creating Smart Cities

Creating Smart Cities Book
Author : Claudio Coletta,Leighton Evans,Liam Heaphy,Rob Kitchin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-10-26
ISBN : 1351182390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In cities around the world, digital technologies are utilized to manage city services and infrastructures, to govern urban life, to solve urban issues and to drive local and regional economies. While "smart city" advocates are keen to promote the benefits of smart urbanism – increased efficiency, sustainability, resilience, competitiveness, safety and security – critics point to the negative effects, such as the production of technocratic governance, the corporatization of urban services, technological lock-ins, privacy harms and vulnerability to cyberattack. This book, through a range of international case studies, suggests social, political and practical interventions that would enable more equitable and just smart cities, reaping the benefits of smart city initiatives while minimizing some of their perils. Included are case studies from Ireland, the United States of America, Colombia, the Netherlands, Singapore, India and the United Kingdom. These chapters discuss a range of issues including political economy, citizenship, standards, testbedding, urban regeneration, ethics, surveillance, privacy and cybersecurity. This book will be of interest to urban policymakers, as well as researchers in Regional Studies and Urban Planning.

Urban Growth and the Circular Economy

Urban Growth and the Circular Economy Book
Author : S. Syngellakis,J. Melgarejo
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2018-08-29
ISBN : 1784662593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presented at the 1st International Conference on Urban Growth and the Circular Economy that was held in Alicante, Spain the papers included in this book focus on the continuing and rapid growth of cities and their regions of influence and how that has led to the need to find new solutions which allow for promoting their sustainable development. The quest for the Sustainable City has until recently focused on the efficient use of resources with the application of technical advances giving rise to the definition of SMART Cities. The economic model emphasised however is still “linear” in the sense that the design and consumption follows the pattern of extraction of natural resources, manufacturing, product usage and waste disposal. The continuous growth of urban population has recently given rise to the emergence of a new model which responds better to the challenges of natural resource depletion as well as waste management. This model has been called the “circular economy”. The circular economy is a recent concept based on the reuse of what up to now has been considered wastes, reintroducing them into the productive cycle. The objective of the circular economy is to reduce consumption and achieve savings in terms of raw materials, water and energy, thus contributing to the preservation of resources in order to reach sustainable development. One of the most important of these resources is water which is becoming a scarce commodity in an ever expanding world whose population demands a better standard of living. Water is required for agricultural purposes as well as by industry, in addition to its use by the general population. The recycling of water is an essential component of the circular economy. There is no possibility for the success of a long term economic policy without addressing the problems of natural resources and environmental pollution, which will affect the reuse of materials and products. The current market economy based on a linear model from resource extraction, manufacturing, consumption and waste disposal, has not proved a long term suitable solution, in spite of the substantial efforts made in reducing its environmental impacts. This is largely due to the continuous population growth, in a society that demands high standards of living, thus requiring an ever increasing share of natural resources.