Paradox Of Plenty

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The Paradox of Plenty

The Paradox of Plenty
  • Author : Terry Lynn Karl
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 1997-10-10
  • ISBN : 9780520918696
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

The Paradox of Plenty explains why, in the midst of two massive oil booms in the 1970s, oil-exporting governments as different as Venezuela, Iran, Nigeria, Algeria, and Indonesia chose common development paths and suffered similarly disappointing outcomes. Meticulously documented and theoretically innovative, this book illuminates the manifold factors—economic, political, and social—that determine the nature of the oil state, from the coherence of public bureaucracies, to the degree of centralization, to patterns of policy-making. Karl contends that oil countries, while seemingly disparate, are characterized by similar social classes and patterns of collective action. In these countries, dependence on petroleum leads to disproportionate fiscal reliance on petrodollars and public spending, at the expense of statecraft. Oil booms, which create the illusion of prosperity and development, actually destabilize regimes by reinforcing oil-based interests and further weakening state capacity. Karl's incisive investigation unites structural and choice-based approaches by illuminating how decisions of policymakers are embedded in institutions interacting with domestic and international markets. This approach—which Karl dubs "structured contingency"—uses a state's leading sector as the starting point for identifying a range of decision-making choices, and ends by examining the dynamics of the state itself.

Paradox of Plenty

Paradox of Plenty
  • Author : Harvey Levenstein
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2003-05-30
  • ISBN : 9780520234406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book is intended for those interested in US food habits and diets during the 20th century, American history, American social life and customs.

The Paradox of Plenty

The Paradox of Plenty
  • Author : Douglas M. Boucher,Douglas H. Boucher
  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1999
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

"Since its founding in 1975, Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy has been in the forefront of the struggle to end world hunger. Through its research, Food First has shown that there is more than enough food for every man, woman, and child on the planet, but all too often the poor do not have access to that food. The Paradox of Plenty gathers together excerpts from twenty-seven of Food First's best writings to provide an integrated overview of the world food system, how global politics affect hungry people, and the impact of the free market."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Resource Curse

The Resource Curse
  • Author : Syed Mansoob Murshed
  • Publisher : Economy Key Ideas
  • Release : 2018
  • ISBN : 9781911116493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

The "resource curse," or "paradox of plenty," refers to the long-established notion central in development economics that countries rich in natural resources, particularly minerals and fuels, perform less well economically than countries with fewer natural resources. In other words, resources are an economic curse rather than a blessing. This short primer explores the complexities of this idea and the debates that surround it, in particular under what conditions the resource curse might operate, if not universal. Discussion ranges over the nature of resource booms, the benefits and costs of export-led growth, the problems of deindustrialization and manufacturing base erosion, rent-seeking behavior and corruption, and the empirical evidence of the effects of natural resource dependence on growth. The treatment is nontechnical and accessible, drawing throughout on a range of illustrative examples from across the developed and developing world. The Resource Curse offers an authoritative introduction to one of the most perplexing issues of economic growth.

The American Paradox

The American Paradox
  • Author : David G. Myers
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2008-10-01
  • ISBN : 0300130295
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

DIVFor Americans entering the twenty-first century, it is the best of times and the worst of times. Material wealth is at record levels, yet disturbing social problems reflect a deep spiritual poverty. In this compelling book, well-known social psychologist David G. Myers asks how this paradox has come to be and, more important, how we can spark social renewal and dream a new American dream. Myers explores the research on social ills from the 1960s through the 1990s and concludes that the materialism and radical individualism of this period have cost us dearly, imperiling our children, corroding general civility, and diminishing our happiness. However, in the voices of public figures and ordinary citizens he now hears a spirit of optimism. The national dialogue is shifting—away from the expansion of personal rights and toward enhancement of communal civility, away from efforts to raise self-esteem and toward attempts to arouse social responsibility, away from “whose values?” and toward “our values.” Myers analyzes in detail the research on educational and other programs that deal with social problems, explaining which seem to work and why. He then offers positive and well-reasoned advice, suggesting that a renewed social ecology for America will rest on policies that balance “me thinking” with “we thinking.”/div

Congo's Environmental Paradox

Congo's Environmental Paradox
  • Author : Theodore Trefon
  • Publisher : Zed Books Ltd.
  • Release : 2016-05-15
  • ISBN : 1783602465
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

The Democratic Republic of Congo has the natural resources the world needs – it is crucial to satisfying our craving for the latest high-tech gadgets; the Inga Dam could light up all of Africa; while Congo’s farmers could feed a billion people. These realities are redefining the country’s strategic contribution to a globalized world. A resource paradise for some, the DRC is an environmental nightmare for others. Congo’s Environmental Paradox analyses the new dynamics in the country’s forest, mineral, land, water and oil sectors, revealing the interactions between these sectors. Connecting the dots, it shows how we need to fundamentally rethink power, politics and resource management in Congo today.