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Paleoseismology

Paleoseismology Book
Author : James P. McCalpin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-02
ISBN : 9780080919980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paleoseismology has become an important component of seismic risk analysis, which is mandated for nuclear power plants, dams, waste repositories, and other critical structures. This book is the first in the English language to be devoted solely to paleoseismology. It summarizes the development of the field from the 1960s to the present, encompassing material that is currently widely dispersed in journal articles. * Includes a comprehensive review of the techniques currently used in paleoseismology * Emphasizes practical methods of data collection and field studies * Covers interpretation of field data based on current theory concerning fault segmentation and recurrence cycles * Contains more than 170 line drawings and 50 photographs of paleoseismic phenomena

Paleoseismology and Seismic Hazards Southwestern British Columbia

Paleoseismology and Seismic Hazards  Southwestern British Columbia Book
Author : Geological Survey of Canada
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The historical and geological record indicate that the earthquake hazard in south-western British Columbia is relatively high. This bulletin presents results of a major paleoseismological investigation consisting of several related interdisciplinary studies that extend the seismic record of the region into prehistory. Three introductory sections contain background material on the region's geologic and tectonic setting, earthquake sources, historical seismicity, and research methods used. This is followed by four sections summarizing paleoseismological research on the following indicators of possible past earthquakes: sea level changes, tsunamis and their deposits, liquefaction of ground, and landslides. The final sections are concerned with seismic hazards (ground motion, ground rupture, subsidence and flooding, tsunamis and seiches, liquefaction, landslides) and analysis of risk and recurrence of earthquakes.

Perspectives in Paleoseismology

Perspectives in Paleoseismology Book
Author : David B. Slemmons,Association of Engineering Geologists
Publisher : Peanut Butter Pub
Release : 1995-01-01
ISBN : 9780897165631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Perspectives in Paleoseismology book written by David B. Slemmons,Association of Engineering Geologists, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Tectonic Geomorphology of Mountains

Tectonic Geomorphology of Mountains Book
Author : William B. Bull
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
ISBN : 0470691557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With a balance of theory and practical applications, Tectonic Geomorphology of Mountains is essential reading for research geologists and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in the earth sciences. This book describes how tectonic events influence geomorphic processes and explores how landscapes respond to tectonic deformation in the ways in which they are weathered, washed, and abraded Uses new approaches to enhance theoretical models of landscape evolution and to solve practical problems such as the assessment of earthquake hazards Includes previously unpublished research and theory Examines how to use key landforms as reference levels in changing landscapes, estimate rates of mountain-range uplift, and map seismic shaking caused by prehistorical earthquakes Presents a diverse range of examples from around the world

Dating and Earthquakes

Dating and Earthquakes Book
Author : Janet M. Sowers,Jay S. Noller,William R. Lettis
Publisher : Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dating and Earthquakes book written by Janet M. Sowers,Jay S. Noller,William R. Lettis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Paleoseismological Investigations on Arti e and Orlica Faults Near Kr ko Slovenia

Paleoseismological Investigations on Arti  e and Orlica Faults Near Kr  ko  Slovenia Book
Author : Petra Jamšek Rupnik,Jure Atanackov,Anže Markelj,Blaž Milanič,Dragomir Skaberne,Eva Mencin Gale,Kristina Ivančič,Manja Žebre,Bogomir Celarc,Igor Rižnar,Michael Logan Cline,Miloš Bavec
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Paleoseismological Investigations on Arti e and Orlica Faults Near Kr ko Slovenia book written by Petra Jamšek Rupnik,Jure Atanackov,Anže Markelj,Blaž Milanič,Dragomir Skaberne,Eva Mencin Gale,Kristina Ivančič,Manja Žebre,Bogomir Celarc,Igor Rižnar,Michael Logan Cline,Miloš Bavec, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Special Studies

Special Studies Book
Author : Utah Geological and Mineral Survey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Special Studies book written by Utah Geological and Mineral Survey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Advances in North American Paleoseismology and Neotectonics East of the Rockies

Recent Advances in North American Paleoseismology and Neotectonics East of the Rockies Book
Author : Randel Tom Cox
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0813724937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This volume focuses on the continental intraplate region of the United States and provides an update and overview of documented Quaternary faulting and paleoseismic liquefaction east of the Rocky Mountains, and of the application of these results to seismic hazard and risk assessments. Contributions include papers that describe zones of newly recognized Quaternary deformation such as the East Tennessee Seismic Zone, as well as reinterpretations of well-known areas such as the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The chapters make important contributions to the recognition of earthquake sources active during the Quaternary and assess the seismic hazards posed by these sources. This volume should interest a wide range of readers from geology, seismology, hazard assessment, and emergency management"--Provided by publisher.

Survey Notes

Survey Notes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Active Tectonics in the Upper Rhine Graben Integration of Paleoseismology Geomorphology and Geomechanical Modeling

Active Tectonics in the Upper Rhine Graben Integration of Paleoseismology  Geomorphology and Geomechanical Modeling Book
Author : Gwendolyn Peters
Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9783832516505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis focuses on the tectonic activity of the northern Upper Rhine Graben (URG), Germany, from Quaternary to Present. The URG is presently characterized by high human modifications and low intra-plate seismicity. During the Quaternary, surface processes have been high. Therefore, records of the slow deformation are less well preserved and difficult to detect. Given this setting, an integration of several techniques is required to study the active tectonics, which is demonstrated in this thesis by the use of paleoseismological trenching, fluvial terrace mapping, quantitative tectonic geomorphology and tectonic modeling. Chapter 1 presents a review of the geodynamic setting of the URG. The results of paleoseismological trenching and shallow geophysical measurements are presented in chapter 2. Trenching focused on the Western Border Fault (WBF) of the northern URG and revealed indications for Late Pleistocene activity of that fault. Backstripping of the sequence of events at the trench site demonstrated the interplay of activity on the WBF and fluvial and erosional processes during the Quaternary. At a regional scale, the effects of fault activity on the landscape evolution are investigated using geomorphological techniques. Chapter 3 includes a fluvial terrace study of the northern URG and adjacent areas. The work includes morphological terrace mapping along the WBF. Correlation of these newly mapped terraces with previous terrace mapping in the region enables construction of a longitudinal profile. Based on this profile the effects of fault movements on the terraces are determined and displacement rates and patterns are evaluated. Chapter 4 presents an analysis of the tectonic geomorphology of the northern URG. Quantitative measurements of the landscape shape are used for characterizing lithological or tectonic controls on the morphology and drainage. This study enables determination of the balance between erosion and tectonic activity and identification of active fault segments. The fourth component of this thesis addresses the reactivation potential of faults under the present-day stress field using the finite element method (chapter 5). Existing fault data and new data obtained from trenchingand geomorphology are incorporated in a 3D slip tendency analysis. The analysisreveals a high reactivation potential for faults with documented faulting history. It is proposed that these faults are characterized by aseismic creep, whereas faults with a low reactivation potential are seismic faults since they are capable of loading sufficient stress. Integration of all new data results in an updated active fault map of the URG presented in the last chapter of the thesis.

Paleoseismology and Archaeoseismology Along the Southern Dead Sea Transform in Wadi Arabah Near the Municipality of Aqaba Jordan

Paleoseismology and Archaeoseismology Along the Southern Dead Sea Transform in Wadi  Arabah Near the Municipality of Aqaba  Jordan Book
Author : Alivia Janeil Allison
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The southern Wadi 'Arabah Valley in Jordan provides an ideal location to investigate both the paleoseismology and archaeoseismology of the region because it is situated directly along the active Dead Sea transform, and because the area has a long history of human occupation. The region is rich in archaeological ruins as a result, many of which have been damaged by earthquakes in the historic past. An archaeoseismic excavation conducted at Early Islamic Ayla (7th-12th C.) in the city of Aqaba, Jordan revealed that a 3.5 m-long section of original city wall that leans out toward the Gulf of Aqaba was likely damaged because of liquefaction caused by ground shaking from a historic earthquake, and was buttressed shortly thereafter. Stratified pottery and radiocarbon dated charcoal collected from within and beneath the revetment wall suggest a revetment construction in the early 11th century. Based on known historical earthquakes of the region, damage to the Ayla city wall likely occurred as a result of the A.D. 1033 earthquake. Paleoseismic data collected at the Sisters' School site in Aqaba, and from the Taba Sabkha trench located 35 km north of the city, suggest that southern Wadi 'Arabah was more seismically active during the Holocene than previously understood. In Taba, paleoseismic trenching data suggests that between two to four earthquakes ruptured the sabkha from the 8th to the 16th centuries, although a three-event model is preferred. When correlated with major earthquake catalogs, these ruptures likely represent the A.D. 746/749 or 757 earthquakes, the March 1068 event, and either the 1546 or 1588 earthquake. At the Sisters' School site, at least five early to mid-Holocene earthquakes are visible in the southwest trench wall, as is evidence of paleoliquefaction in the form of clastic sand and silt dikes. Optically stimulated luminescence and radiocarbon dates suggest that the Sisters' School site dates to as early as the Pre-Pottery Neolithic and as late as the Bronze Age. Ashy deposits and a fire pit exposed in cross-section, dated to 6200-3000 B.C. and 4986-4840 B.C. respectively, also suggest early human occupation at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba in antiquity.

Paleoseismology in Seismic Hazard Assessment Distinguishing Active Faults from Neotectonic Features that Look Like Them with a Field Trip to Ridgetop Spreading Zones

Paleoseismology in Seismic Hazard Assessment Distinguishing Active Faults from Neotectonic Features that Look Like Them  with a Field Trip to Ridgetop Spreading Zones  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Paleoseismology in Seismic Hazard Assessment Distinguishing Active Faults from Neotectonic Features that Look Like Them with a Field Trip to Ridgetop Spreading Zones book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Paleoseismology of a Pliocene Earthquake in Eastern Taiwan

Paleoseismology of a Pliocene Earthquake in Eastern Taiwan Book
Author : Caitlyn S. Korren
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High seismicity coupled with high population density creates a recipe for high seismic risk in Taiwan. Taiwan is located at the convergences of the Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates. These convergences result in the development of an accretionary wedge. A basal decollemont bounds the NE-SW trending thrust packages. The most Eastern thrust package, the Central Range, experiences high erosion rates and exhumation rates which may induce high seismicity. Paleoseismic indicators improve the ancient seismic history and may aid in the constraint of geologic processes of an accretionary wedge. Pseudotachylytes, known as earthquake fossils, form by frictional melting during seismic slip. Cataclasites form by comminution during sliding. Frictional melts serve as a window to the fault plane. Pseudotachylytes may allow for the assessment of focal parameters through the utilization of fault plane geometry and slip surface properties. This study provides the first microstructural evidence for fault pseudotachylytes at the Hoping River locality in Eastern Taiwan. The 3.3 Ma Hoping River frictional melt evidences an ancient Mw 6.4 ±0.40 earthquake. This pseudotachylyte demonstrates an oblique fault with a reverse component which corresponds to the orientation of the thrust packages in the accretionary wedge. Sense of slip of both pseudotachylytes and cataclasites suggest a uniform stress field. Narrow fault cores suggest high strain localization. Coeval pseudotachylyte and quartz-calcite veins suggest shear heating as a mechanism, if a fluid reservoir along the basal decollemont in Taiwan exists.

Paleoseismology

Paleoseismology Book
Author : Paul L. Hancock,Alessandro A. Michetti,International Union for Quaternary Research. Congress
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Paleoseismology book written by Paul L. Hancock,Alessandro A. Michetti,International Union for Quaternary Research. Congress, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Paleoseismology

Paleoseismology Book
Author : Alessandro M. Michetti,S. Marco
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Paleoseismology book written by Alessandro M. Michetti,S. Marco, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Paleoseismology in Switzerland

Paleoseismology in Switzerland Book
Author : Domenico Giardini
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Paleoseismology in Switzerland book written by Domenico Giardini, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Earthquakes Paleoseismology and Active Tectonics

Earthquakes  Paleoseismology and Active Tectonics Book
Author : S. B. Pavlides,D. Pantosti,Peizhen Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Earthquakes Paleoseismology and Active Tectonics book written by S. B. Pavlides,D. Pantosti,Peizhen Zhang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Paleoseismic Investigation of the Clarkston Junction Hills and Wellsville Faults West Cache Fault Zone Cache County Utah

Paleoseismic Investigation of the Clarkston  Junction Hills  and Wellsville Faults  West Cache Fault Zone  Cache County  Utah Book
Author : Bill D. Black,Richard E. Giraud,Bea H. Mayes
Publisher : Utah Geological Survey
Release : 2000-01-01
ISBN : 1557916462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Field work for this paleoseismic investigation was performed in 1997 at three sites (Winter Canyon, Roundy Farm, and Deep Canyon) on the Clarkston, Junction Hills, and Wellsville faults. These faults, along with several lesser associated faults nearby, comprise the West Cache fault zone on the west side of Cache Valley. No previous paleoseismic studies had been conducted on these faults. The information reported here on the size, timing, and recurrence of surface-faulting earthquakes on the West Cache fault zone is critical to public officials, planners, and others making decisions regarding earthquake-hazard mitigation in Cache Valley and the northern Wasatch front. 23 pages + 1 plate

Geology and Paleoseismology of the Trans Yamuna Active Fault System Himalayan Foothills of Northwest India

Geology and Paleoseismology of the Trans Yamuna Active Fault System  Himalayan Foothills of Northwest India Book
Author : Emily M. Oatney
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Satellite image interpretation, geologic mapping, and paleoseismic trenching are used to investigate the Trans-Yamuna active fault system in the northwestern Doon Valley of the Indian Himalayan foothills. This east-west fault system is subparallel to and crosses the Main Boundary thrust near the structural transition from the Nahan salient to the Dehra Dun reentrant. The Trans-Yamuna active fault system may terminate to the east at a lateral ramp of the Main Boundary thrust. A south-side-up, relatively linear fault trace with variable fault dips suggests that the fault system is high-angle reverse with a component of strike-slip. It is subdivided into the Sirmurital, Dhamaun, and Bharli faults, which probably connect at depth. The Dhamaun fault is exposed where it cuts the late Holocene upper Bhatrog terrace deposit of the Giri River. A paleoseismic investigation of the Sirmurital fault at another Giri River terrace did not expose the fault, but it suggests that late Holocene terrace deposits there may be folded into a syncline parallel to fault strike. The fold axis of the syncline continues into bedrock to the west. Earthquakes in 1905, 1803, or perhaps earlier may have been the source of folding of the fine-grained sediments within this terrace deposit. The Trans-Yamuna active fault system is a secondary hangingwall fault that may accommodate some strain release above the decollement during large-magnitude earthquakes. Strike-slip motion may be related to the lateral translation of the Karakoram fault block and east-west extension of the southern Tibet block as a result of oblique convergence between the Indian and Eurasian plates in the northwest Himalaya.