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Paleoecological Research On Easter Island

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Paleoecological Research on Easter Island

Paleoecological Research on Easter Island Book
Author : Valenti Rull
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-07
ISBN : 0128227478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paleocological Research on Easter Island: Insights on Settlement, Climate Changes, Deforestation and Cultural Shifts examines the area’s climatic and ecological history, a topic not usually addressed in other literature. The book provides a thorough and synthetic account of all paleoecological works developed to date, including the latest discoveries. Finally, it attempts to match paleoecological evidence with the results of other disciplines creating a multidisciplinary framework. This approach to the field is ideal for researchers, university professors and graduate students in a varied range of disciplines and subdisciplines, including ecology, paleoecology, paleoclimatology, biogeography, sedimentology, and paleontology. Users will find synthesized information on Easter Island from the last millennia that will help pave the way towards an integrated interdisciplinary vision of the island’s environmental-ecological-cultural system as a complex functional unit. Human and environmental deterministic views are avoided and the Easter Island enigmas are analyzed under a holistic perspective of continuous feedbacks and synergies among the different components of the system. Provides the first synthesis of the available paleoecological knowledge on Easter Island Furnishes clues on how to integrate paleoecological information with evidence from other disciplines Addresses the complexity of the environmental-ecological-cultural system by analyzing the interactions (feedbacks and synergies) among its components

Paleoecology of Easter Island Natural and Anthropogenic Drivers of Ecological Change

Paleoecology of Easter Island  Natural and Anthropogenic Drivers of Ecological Change Book
Author : Valentí Rull,Santiago Giralt
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-09-04
ISBN : 2889455629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After more than three decades of paleoecological research, the potential role of climatic and anthropogenic drivers on Easter Island's ecological and cultural change is still under discussion. This eBook aims to provide a synthetic view of the topic using evidence from different research fields such as paleoecology, archaeology, history and molecular phylogenetics. A holistic approach is provided to combine the results of these research fields into a comprehensive framework able to account for most of the available multidisciplinary evidence. This eBook is dedicated to the memory of John R. Flenley, the pioneer of paleoecological study of Easter Island, who passed away on June 22, 2018.

The Prehistory of Rapa Nui Easter Island

The Prehistory of Rapa Nui  Easter Island  Book
Author : Valentí Rull,Christopher M. Stevenson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-04-12
ISBN : 9783030911263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the main enigmas of Easter Island’s (Rapa Nui, in Polynesian language) prehistory – i.e., the time from the initial settlement to European contact – from a multidisciplinary and unbiased perspective. The main topics include: (i) the timing of settlement and the origin of the first settlers; (ii) the main traits of the prehistoric Rapanui culture and its changes; (iii) the total deforestation of the island, its timing and causes; (iv) the extinction of the original and the prehistoric biota, (v) the occurrence of climatic shifts and their potential effects on socioecological trends; (vi) the occurrence or not of a Rapanui cultural and demographic collapse before European contact; and (vii) the influence of Europeans on the prehistoric Rapanui society, among others. The book is subdivided into thematic sections and each chapter is written by renowned specialists in disciplines such as archaeology, anthropology, paleoecology, ethnography, linguistics, ethnobotany, phylogenetics/phylogeography and history. Contributors have been invited regardless their personal approaches and perspectives, to provide an open and objective vision that includes as many views as possible on the topics considered. In this way, the readers may be able to compare different of points of view and make their own interpretations on each subject. The book is intended for a wide audience including graduate students, advanced undergraduate students, university teachers and researchers interested on the subject. Given its multidisciplinary character and the topics included, the book is suitable for students and researchers from a wide range of disciplines and interests.

Easter Island

Easter Island Book
Author : John Loret,John T. Tanacredi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461501830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Easter Island, a World Heritage Site is still, after over 50 years since Thor Heyerdahl's work on the island, a fascinating area to explore and learn about a culture that has only remnants remaining, while documenting a marine ecology still mostly unknown. Easter Island: Scientific Exploration into the World's Environmental Problems in Microcosm presents the research results from three years of interdisciplinary expeditions to Easter Island. The primary objectives were to investigate the effects of human population growth on the ecology of the island and to discover whether any dramatic climatic changes such as a prolonged El Niño could have disrupted the island's fragile ecosystem. The interdisciplinary scientific team were mainly researching the paleontology, archaeology, climatology, and geophysics of the island. This book now brings together the results of the three expeditions, identifies new areas of research, and hopefully will continue to inspire aspiring scientists to revisit this amazing island to explore and demystify this timeless enigma of human history.

Island at the End of the World

Island at the End of the World Book
Author : Steven R. Fischer
Publisher : Reaktion Books
Release : 2005-08
ISBN : 9781861892454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Relates Easter Islands tumultuous story, from its discovery by Polynesians in c. AD 700, through its rise and collapse in the 1500s, to the native populations struggle for civil rights in the 1960s and the growth of tourism in modern times.

Tropical Forests

Tropical Forests Book
Author : Bernard A. Marcus
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2008
ISBN : 076375434X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first text in a series of single topic ecology books, Tropic Forests is an ideal text or supplement for introductory biology, ecology, and environmental science courses. It provides students with an accurate, easy to read, and easy to understand account of this important environmental topic that is often overlooked or glossed over in general texts. It's narrative style and clear illustrations and diagrams engage students, and paint a clear picture of the important concepts presented throughout the text.

Tropical Forests

Tropical Forests Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2021-12-03
ISBN : 1449673880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Tropical Forests book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Oceania

The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Oceania Book
Author : Ethan E. Cochrane,Terry L. Hunt
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0199925070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Oceania presents the archaeology, linguistics, environment and human biology of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. First colonized 50,000 years ago, Oceania witnessed the independent invention of agriculture, the construction of Easter Island's statues, and the development of the word's last archaic states."--Provided by publisher.

The Psychology of the Human Animal Bond

The Psychology of the Human Animal Bond Book
Author : Christopher Blazina,Güler Boyraz,David Shen-Miller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-22
ISBN : 144199761X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There have been dramatic increases in the financial, emotional, and psychological investment in pets over the past four decades. The increasing importance of animal companions in people's lives has resulted in growing emphasis on the human-animal bond within academic literature. This book introduces practicing and emerging professionals to vital subject matter concerning this growing specialty area by providing an essential framework and information through which to consider the unique contextual backdrop of the human-animal bond. Such contexts include a wide array of themes including: issues of attachment and loss, success and frustration with making and sustaining connections, world views regarding animal ethics, familial history of neglect or abuse, and cultural dynamics that speak to the order of things between mankind and nature. Adopting a contextual stance will aid mental health professionals in appreciating why and how this connection has become a significant part of everyday life for many. As with any other important clinical dynamic, training and preparation are needed to gain competence for professional practice and research. To this end, an ensemble of international experts across the fields of psychology and mental health explore topics that will help both new and established clinicians increase and understanding of the various ways the human-animal bond manifests itself. Perspectives from beyond the scope of psychology and mental health such as anthropology, philosophy, literature, religion, and history are included to provide a sampling of the significant contexts in which the human-animal bond is established. What brings these divergent topics together in a meaningful way is their relevance and centrality to the contextual bonds that underlie the human-animal connection. This text will be a valuable resource that provides opportunities to deepen one's expertise in understanding the psychology of the human-animal bond.

Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions

Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions Book
Author : James O. Luken,John W. Thieret
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461219264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological invasion of native plant communities is a high-priority problem in the field of environmental management. Resource managers, biologists, and all those involved in plant communities must consider ecological interactions when assessing both the effects of plant invasion and the long-term effects of management. Sections of the book cover human perceptions of invading plants, assessment of ecological interactions, direct management, and regulation and advocacy. It also includes an appendix with descriptive data for many of the worst weeds.

The Routledge Handbook of Bioarchaeology in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands

The Routledge Handbook of Bioarchaeology in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands Book
Author : Marc Oxenham,Hallie Buckley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-11-19
ISBN : 131753400X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years the bioarchaeology of Southeast Asia and the Pacific islands has seen enormous progress. This new and exciting research is synthesised, contextualised and expanded upon in The Routledge Handbook of Bioarchaeology in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. The volume is divided into two broad sections, one dealing with mainland and island Southeast Asia, and a second section dealing with the Pacific islands. A multi-scalar approach is employed to the bio-social dimensions of Southeast Asia and the Pacific islands with contributions alternating between region and/or site specific scales of operation to the individual or personal scale. The more personal level of osteobiographies enriches the understanding of the lived experience in past communities. Including a number of contributions from sub-disciplinary approaches tangential to bioarchaeology the book provides a broad theoretical and methodological approach. Providing new information on the globally relevant topics of farming, population mobility, subsistence and health, no other volume provides such a range of coverage on these important themes.

Biodiversity in Ecosystems

Biodiversity in Ecosystems Book
Author : Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo,Shovonlal Roy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 953512028X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The term biodiversity has become a mainstream concept that can be found in any newspaper at any given time. Concerns on biodiversity protection are usually linked to species protection and extinction risks for iconic species, such as whales, pandas and so on. However, conserving biodiversity has much deeper implications than preserving a few (although important) species. Biodiversity in ecosystems is tightly linked to ecosystem functions such as biomass production, organic matter decomposition, ecosystem resilience, and others. Many of these ecological processes are also directly implied in services that the humankind obtains from ecosystems. The first part of this book will introduce different concepts and theories important to understand the links between ecosystem function and ecosystem biodiversity. The second part of the book provides a wide range of different studies showcasing the evidence and practical implications of such relationships.

Conservation Paleobiology

Conservation Paleobiology Book
Author : Gregory P. Dietl,Karl W. Flessa
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 022650686X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In conservation, perhaps no better example exists of the past informing the present than the return of the California condor to the Vermilion Cliffs of Arizona. Extinct in the region for nearly one hundred years, condors were successfully reintroduced starting in the 1990s in an effort informed by the fossil record—condor skeletal remains had been found in the area’s late-Pleistocene cave deposits. The potential benefits of applying such data to conservation initiatives are unquestionably great, yet integrating the relevant disciplines has proven challenging. Conservation Paleobiology gathers a remarkable array of scientists—from Jeremy B. C. Jackson to Geerat J. Vermeij—to provide an authoritative overview of how paleobiology can inform both the management of threatened species and larger conservation decisions. Studying endangered species is difficult. They are by definition rare, some exist only in captivity, and for those still in their native habitats any experimentation can potentially have a negative effect on survival. Moreover, a lack of long-term data makes it challenging to anticipate biotic responses to environmental conditions that are outside of our immediate experience. But in the fossil and prefossil records—from natural accumulations such as reefs, shell beds, and caves to human-made deposits like kitchen middens and archaeological sites—enlightening parallels to the Anthropocene can be found that might serve as a primer for present-day predicaments. Offering both deep-time and near-time perspectives and exploring a range of ecological and evolutionary dynamics and taxa from terrestrial as well as aquatic habitats, Conservation Paleobiology is a sterling demonstration of how the past can be used to manage for the future, giving new hope for the creation and implementation of successful conservation programs.

Treatise on Marine Ecology and Paleoecology

Treatise on Marine Ecology and Paleoecology Book
Author : Joel W. Iledgpeth and Harry S. Ladd
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0813710677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Treatise on Marine Ecology and Paleoecology book written by Joel W. Iledgpeth and Harry S. Ladd, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Quaternary Ecology Evolution and Biogeography

Quaternary Ecology  Evolution  and Biogeography Book
Author : Valentí Rull
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 0128204745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography offers an introduction to the study of the ecological and evolutionary processes that have shaped our present biosphere under the influence of glacial-interglacial cycles. Written by an ecologist with paleoecological expertise, this book reviews the climactic changes that have occurred during the last 2.6 million years, along with the responses of organisms and ecosystems. It offers an understanding of the evolutionary origin of extant biodiversity, its biogeographical patterns, and the composition of modern ecological communities. In addition, it explores human evolution and the influence of our activities on the biosphere, especially in the last millennia. This book offers the latest information on how studying the past can contribute to our understanding of present climate issues for a better future, and is an ideal resource for researchers and students in the natural sciences. Includes the latest developments in genomics and their relevance within Quaternary evolution Offers a holistic view of the origin of biodiversity patterns and community assembly Discusses the role of climate on human evolution and the ecological consequences for natural systems

On the Road of the Winds

On the Road of the Winds Book
Author : Patrick Vinton Kirch
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2000-05-24
ISBN : 9780520928961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Pacific Ocean covers one-third of the earth's surface and encompasses many thousands of islands, the home to numerous human societies and cultures. Among these indigenous Oceanic cultures are the intrepid Polynesian double-hulled canoe navigators, the atoll dwellers of Micronesia, the statue carvers of remote Easter Island, and the famed traders of Melanesia. Recent archaeological excavations, combined with allied research in historical linguistics, biological anthropology, and comparative ethnography, have begun to reveal much new information about the long-term history of these Pacific Island societies and cultures. On the Road of the Winds synthesizes the grand sweep of human history in the Pacific Islands, beginning with the movement of early people out from Asia more than 40,000 years ago, and tracing the development of myriad indigenous cultures up to the time of European contact in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. Questions that scholars have posed and puzzled over for two centuries or more are illuminated here: Where did the Pacific Islanders come from? How did they discover and settle the thousands of islands? Why did they build great monuments like Nan Madol on Pohnpei Island in Micronesia or the famous Easter Island statues? This book provides an up-to-date synthesis of archaeological and historical anthropological knowledge of these fascinating indigenous cultures. In particular, Kirch focuses on human ecology and island adaptations, the complexities of island trading and exchange systems, voyaging technology and skills, and the development of intensive economic systems linked to the growth of large populations. He also draws on his own original field research conducted on many islands, ranging from the Solomons to Hawai'i, as he takes us on an intellectual voyage into the Oceanic past.

Win Win Ecology

Win Win Ecology Book
Author : Michael L. Rosenzweig
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2003-04-24
ISBN : 0190208236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As humanity presses down inexorably on the natural world, people debate the extent to which we can save the Earth's millions of different species without sacrificing human economic welfare. But is this argument wise? Must the human and natural worlds be adversaries? In this book, ecologist Michael Rosenzweig finds that ecological science actually rejects such polarization. Instead it suggests that, to be successful, conservation must discover how we can blend a rich natural world into the world of economic activity. This revolutionary, common ground between development and conservation is called reconciliation ecology: creating and maintaining species-friendly habitats in the very places where people live, work, or play. The book offers many inspiring examples of the good results already achieved. The Nature Conservancy, for instance, has a cooperative agreement with the Department of Defense, with more than 200 conservation projects taking place on more than 170 bases in 41 states. In places such as Elgin Air Force Base, the human uses-testing munitions, profitable timbering and recreation--continue, but populations of several threatened species on the base, such as the long-leaf pine and the red-cockaded woodpecker, have been greatly improved. The Safe Harbor strategy of the Fish & Wildlife Service encourages private landowners to improve their property for endangered species, thus overcoming the unintended negative aspects of the Endangered Species Act. And Golden Gate Park, which began as a system of sand dunes, has become, through human effort, a world of ponds and shrubs, waterfowl and trees. Rosenzweig shows that reconciliation ecology is the missing tool of conservation, the practical, scientifically based approach that, when added to the rest, will solve the problem of preserving Earth's species.

Encyclopedia of Islands

Encyclopedia of Islands Book
Author : Rosemary G. Gillespie,D. A. Clague
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0520256492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"An exceptionally concise and well-organized compilation of lucid accounts of the historical background and current research into all aspects of island science. Anyone with a serious interest in islands needs this tome close at hand."--Alex McBirney, author of "Volcanology and Igneous Petrology" "Scientific research on islands has greatly expanded our knowledge not only of insular biology, but also of the ecological and evolutionary processes that shape biodiversity throughout the world. This beautifully illustrated volume is a comprehensive compendium of all topics related to islands and the science conducted on them. It will be an invaluable resource not only to ecologists and evolutionary biologists, but also to anthropologists, historians, geologists, conservationists, and anyone else interested in the wonderful diversity of islands and their inhabitants."--Jonathan Losos, author of "Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles" ""Encyclopedia of Islands "is an excellent reference guide. I wish I'd had it onboard my vessel, the "Sorcerer II, " during our circumnavigation."--J. Craig Venter, President, J. Craig Venter Institute, and former Founder and Chair, The Institute for Genomic Research

Methods in Paleoecology

Methods in Paleoecology Book
Author : Darin A. Croft,Denise F. Su,Scott W. Simpson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-27
ISBN : 3319942654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on the reconstruction of past ecosystems and provides a comprehensive review of current techniques and their application in exemplar studies. The 18 chapters address a wide variety of topics that span vertebrate paleobiology and paleoecology (body mass, postcranial functional morphology, evolutionary dental morphology, microwear and mesowear, ecomorphology, mammal community structure analysis), contextual paleoenvironmental studies (paleosols and sedimentology, ichnofossils, pollen, phytoliths, plant macrofossils), and special techniques (bone microstructure, biomineral isotopes, inorganic isotopes, 3-D morphometrics, and ecometric modeling). A final chapter discusses how to integrate results of these studies with taphonomic data in order to more accurately characterize an ancient ecosystem. Current investigators, advanced undergraduates, and graduate students interested in the field of paleoecology will find this book immensely useful. The length and structure of the volume also makes it suitable for teaching a college-level course on reconstructing Cenozoic ecosystems.

The Cambridge World Prehistory

The Cambridge World Prehistory Book
Author : Colin Renfrew,Paul Bahn
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-06-09
ISBN : 1107647754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cambridge World Prehistory provides a systematic and authoritative examination of the prehistory of every region around the world from the early days of human origins in Africa two million years ago to the beginnings of written history, which in some areas started only two centuries ago. Written by a team of leading international scholars, the volumes include both traditional topics and cutting-edge approaches, such as archaeolinguistics and molecular genetics, and examine the essential questions of human development around the world. The volumes are organised geographically, exploring the evolution of hominins and their expansion from Africa, as well as the formation of states and development in each region of different technologies such as seafaring, metallurgy and food production. The Cambridge World Prehistory reveals a rich and complex history of the world. It will be an invaluable resource for any student or scholar of archaeology and related disciplines looking to research a particular topic, tradition, region or period within prehistory.