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Oxidative Stress And Neurodegenerative Disorders

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Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Disorders

Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Disorders Book
Author : G. Ali Qureshi,S. Hasan Parvez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-22
ISBN : 9780080489490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oxidative stress is the result of an imbalance in pro-oxidant/antioxidant homeostasis that leads to the generation of toxic reactive oxygen species. Brain cells are continuously exposed to reactive oxygen species generated by oxidative metabolism, and in certain pathological conditions defense mechanisms against oxygen radicals may be weakened and/or overwhelmed. DNA is a potential target for oxidative damage, and genomic damage can contribute to neuropathogenesis. It is important therefore to identify tools for the quantitative analysis of DNA damage in models on neurological disorders. This book presents detailed information on various neurodegenerative disorders and their connection with oxidative stress. This information will provide clinicians with directions to treat these disorders with appropriate therapy and is also of vital importance for the drug industries for the design of new drugs for treatment of degenerative disorders. * Contains the latest information on the subject of neurodegenerative disorders * Reflects on various factors involved in degeneration and gives suggestions for how to tackle these problems

Antioxidants and Functional Foods for Neurodegenerative Disorders

Antioxidants and Functional Foods for Neurodegenerative Disorders Book
Author : Abhai Kumar,Debasis Bagchi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-01-07
ISBN : 1000282740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, are a growing problem across the world’s aging population. Oxidative stress in the brain plays a central role in a common pathophysiology of these diseases. This book presents scientific research on the potential of antioxidant therapy in the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative disorders. This book outlines the roles of oxidative stress and diabetes mellitus in neurodegeneration, describes the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative disorders including the roles of environmental pollutants and inflammatory responses, and explores mitochondrial dysfunction. It then describes the protective abilities of antioxidants – including vitamin D, tocotrienol and coenzyme Q10 – against neurodegeneration. The book demonstrates the therapeutic potential of ketogenic diets, and highlights the roles of medicinal plants, phytopharmaceuticals, traditional medicines and food nutrients in neuroprotection. Key Features: Explains damage caused by numerous neurodegenerative disorders and the possible protection offered by antioxidants and functional foods. Describes molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration by oxidative stress, advancing age, diabetes and mitochondrial dysfunctions. Demonstrates protection offered by nutraceuticals, antioxidants, botanical extracts and functional foods. The book contains twenty-three chapters divided into six sections written by leading researchers. This book is essential reading for health professionals, dietitians, food and nutrition scientists and anyone wanting to improve their knowledge of etiology of neurodegenerative diseases.

Oxidative Stress in Cancer AIDS and Neurodegenerative Diseases

Oxidative Stress in Cancer  AIDS  and Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Luc Montagnier,Rene Olivier,Catherine Pasquier
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-10-06
ISBN : 9781420002928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on a conference on Oxidative Stress and Redox Regulation, held at the Pasteur Institute, Paris, this work examines fundamental, chemical, biological and medical studies of free radicals on different targets and the consequences of their reactivity. It covers the chemistry and biochemistry of free radicals, free radicals as second messengers that group the activation of transcription factors and enzymes, the importance of the antioxidant system in cell metabolism regulation, and the role of free radicals and antioxidants in disease management. The editors of this work are three of the most respected pioneers in the field. Dr. Montagnier is credited as the discoverer of HIV.

Alzheimer s Disease Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Amyloid beta

Alzheimer s Disease  Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Amyloid beta Book
Author : J. Robin Harris,Falk Fahrenholz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-11-22
ISBN : 0387232265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To understand Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the major thrusts of present-day clinical research, strongly supported by more fimdamental cellular, biochemical, immunological and structural studies. It is these latter that receive attention within this book. This compilation of 20 chapters indicates the diversity of work currently in progress and summarizes the current state of knowledge. Experienced authors who are scientifically active in their fields of study have been selected as contributors to this book, in an attempt to present a reasonably complete survey of the field. Inevitably, some exciting topics for one reason or another have not been included, for which we can only apologize. Standardization of terminology is often a problem in science, not least in the Alzheimer field; editorial effort has been made to achieve standardization between the Chapters, but some minor yet acceptable personal / author variation is still present, i. e. P-amyloid/amyloid-P; Ap42/Apl-42/APi. 42! The book commences with a broad survey of the contribution that the range of available microscopical techniques has made to the study of Alzheimer's amyloid plaques and amyloid fibrillogenesis. This chapter also serves as an Introduction to the book, since several of the topics introduced here are expanded upon in later chapters. Also, it is significant to the presence of this chapter that the initial discovery of brain plaques, by Alois Alzheimer, utilized light microscopy, a technique that continues to be extremely valuable in present-day AD research.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Mitochondrial Dysfunction Book
Author : Lawrence H. Lash,Dean P. Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483218619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methods in Toxicology, Volume 2: Mitochondrial Dysfunction provides a source of methods, techniques, and experimental approaches for studying the role of abnormal mitochondrial function in cell injury. The book discusses the methods for the preparation and basic functional assessment of mitochondria from liver, kidney, muscle, and brain; the methods for assessing mitochondrial dysfunction in vivo and in intact organs; and the structural aspects of mitochondrial dysfunction are addressed. The text also describes chemical detoxification and metabolism as well as specific metabolic reactions that are especially important targets or indicators of damage. The methods for measurement of alterations in fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism and for the analysis and manipulation of oxidative injury and antioxidant systems are also considered. The book further tackles additional methods on mitochondrial energetics and transport processes; approaches for assessing impaired function of mitochondria; and genetic and developmental aspects of mitochondrial disease and toxicology. The text also looks into mitochondrial DNA synthesis, covalent binding to mitochondrial DNA, DNA repair, and mitochondrial dysfunction in the context of developing individuals and cellular differentiation. Microbiologists, toxicologists, biochemists, and molecular pharmacologists will find the book invaluable.

Brain Aging

Brain Aging Book
Author : David R. Riddle
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-04-19
ISBN : 9781420005523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recognition that aging is not the accumulation of disease, but rather comprises fundamental biological processes that are amenable to experimental study, is the basis for the recent growth of experimental biogerontology. As increasingly sophisticated studies provide greater understanding of what occurs in the aging brain and how these changes occur

Inflammation Aging and Oxidative Stress

Inflammation  Aging  and Oxidative Stress Book
Author : Stephen C. Bondy,Arezoo Campbell
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-14
ISBN : 3319334867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book describes the major degenerative processes and pathologies exacerbated by senescence and how they can be alleviated through retardation of cellular aging. Topics discussed include neurodegenerative disease, protein oxidation, cerebrovascular disease, particle-induced inflammation and cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, ovarian aging, dietary and endogenous anti-oxidants in management of Parkinson’s disease, and effects of exercise on oxidation and inflammation. The nineteen expertly authored chapters are organized into three sections in order to present a complete picture to the reader: Age Related Cellular Events, Role of Inflammatory and Oxidative Processes in Age-Related Diseases, and Retardation of Cellular Aging. Inflammation, Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Disease draws from a variety of international perspectives and provides a comprehensive overview of the relationship between disease, cell aging, and oxidative stress, as well as potential for preventing or slowing these processes. This installment of Springer’s Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice is ideal for researchers, clinicians, and advanced graduate students in the fields of cardiology, neuroscience, biogerontolgy, and cell biology.

Novel Therapeutic Approaches Targeting Oxidative Stress

Novel Therapeutic Approaches Targeting Oxidative Stress Book
Author : Pawan Kumar Maurya,Imteyaz Qamar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-02-18
ISBN : 032390906X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel Therapeutic Approaches Targeting Oxidative Stress investigates the role of oxidative stress in disease and explores the latest methods and approaches to targeting oxidative stress for treatment and diagnosis. The book begins with an introduction to oxidative stress and its significance. Subsequent sections cover biochemical methods for detecting free radicals and novel therapeutic approaches for targeting oxidative stress in a number of different diseases. This includes age-related illnesses, neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. Novel approaches for targeting oxidative stress in cancer and cardiovascular diseases are also explored. The book then moves on to discuss advances in drug delivery systems and detecting oxidative stress biomarkers using biosensors. It concludes with case studies that illustrate the targeting of oxidative stress and future perspectives. Explores oxidative stress in a variety of diseases, including neurological disorders, cardiovascular diseases, age-related diseases, and cancer Covers a range of therapeutic approaches to target oxidative stress Includes chapters on the application of novel drug delivery systems and diagnostic biosensors to oxidative stress Features case studies illustrating the targeting of oxidative stress

Glutathione System and Oxidative Stress in Health and Disease

Glutathione System and Oxidative Stress in Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-08-26
ISBN : 1838801251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant defenses determines a state known as oxidative stress. Higher levels of pro-oxidants compared to antioxidant defenses may generate oxidative damage, which, in turn, may lead to modifications in cellular proteins, lipids, and DNA, reducing functional capacity and increasing the risk of diseases. Nevertheless, the clearance of harmful reactive chemical species is achieved by the antioxidant defense systems. These protection systems are referred to as the first and second lines of defense and comprise the classic antioxidants, enzymatic and nonenzymatic defenses, including glutathione. This book presents and discusses the advancement of research on health and diseases and their underlying mechanisms, exploring mainly aspects related to the glutathione antioxidant system.

Oxidative Stress and Redox Signalling in Parkinson s Disease

Oxidative Stress and Redox Signalling in Parkinson   s Disease Book
Author : Rodrigo Franco,Jonathan A Doorn,Jean-Christophe Rochet
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-07-25
ISBN : 1782621881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parkinson's Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. In order to find neuroprotective strategies, a clear understanding of the mechanisms involved in the dopaminergic death of cells that progresses the disease is needed. Oxidative stress can be defined as an imbalance between the production of reactive species and the ability to detoxify them and their intermediates or by-products. Oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA has been detected in autopsies from individuals with Parkinson’s Disease and so links can be made between oxidative stress and Parkinson’s Disease pathogenesis. This book provides a thorough review of the mechanisms by which oxidative stress and redox signalling mediate Parkinson’s Disease. Opening chapters bring readers up to speed on basic knowledge regarding oxidative stress and redox signalling, Parkinson’s Disease, and neurodegeneration before the latest advances in this field are explored in detail. Topics covered in the following chapters include the role of mitochondria, dopamine metabolism, metal homeostasis, inflammation, DNA-damage and thiol-signalling. The role of genetics and gene-environment interactions are also explored before final chapters discuss the identification of potential biomarkers for diagnosis and disease progression and the future of redox/antioxidant based therapeutics. Written by recognized experts in the field, this book will be a valuable source of information for postgraduate students and academics, clinicians, toxicologists and risk assessment groups. Importantly, it presents the current research that might later lead to redox or antioxidant – based therapeutics for Parkinson’s disease.

From Oxidative Stress to Cognitive Decline Towards Novel Therapeutic Approaches

From Oxidative Stress to Cognitive Decline   Towards Novel Therapeutic Approaches Book
Author : Touqeer Ahmed,Nady Braidy
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-05-19
ISBN : 2889667839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download From Oxidative Stress to Cognitive Decline Towards Novel Therapeutic Approaches book written by Touqeer Ahmed,Nady Braidy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants in Neurological Diseases

Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants in Neurological Diseases Book
Author : Colin R. Martin,Victor R Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-12
ISBN : 0128177810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants in Neurological Diseases provides an overview of oxidative stress in neurological diseases and associated conditions, including behavioral aspects and the potentially therapeutic usage of natural antioxidants in the diet. The processes within the science of oxidative stress are described in concert with other processes, such as apoptosis, cell signaling, and receptor mediated responses. This approach recognizes that diseases are often multifactorial and oxidative stress is a single component of this. The book examines basic processes of oxidative stress—from molecular biology to whole organs—relative to cellular defense systems, and across a range of neurological diseases. Sections discuss antioxidants in foods, including plants and components of the diet, examining the underlying mechanisms associated with therapeutic potential and clinical applications. Although some of this material is exploratory or preclinical, it can provide the framework for further in-depth analysis or studies via well-designed clinical trials or the analysis of pathways, mechanisms, and components in order to devise new therapeutic strategies. Very often oxidative stress is a feature of neurological disease and associated conditions which either centers on or around molecular and cellular processes. Oxidative stress can also arise due to nutritional imbalance during a spectrum of timeframes before the onset of disease or during its development. Offers an overview of oxidative stress from molecular biology to whole organs Discusses the potentially therapeutic usage of natural antioxidants in the patient diet Provides the framework for further in-depth analysis or studies of potential treatments

Free Radicals and Diseases

Free Radicals and Diseases Book
Author : Rizwan Ahmad
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-10-26
ISBN : 9535127462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current volume entitled, "Free Radicals and Diseases" integrates knowledge in free radical-associated diseases from the basic level to the advanced level, and from the bench side to bed side. The chapters in this book provide an extensive overview of the topic, including free radical formations and clinical interventions.

Oxidative Stress and Age Related Neurodegeneration

Oxidative Stress and Age Related Neurodegeneration Book
Author : Yuan Luo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-21
ISBN : 9780849337253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the progress being made by researchers, Alzheimer’s disease, along with other age-related neurodegenerative disorders, continues to exact a tremendous toll on our society. However, we are beginning to see a relationship that ties degenerative disorders to oxidative stress and lifestyle, suggesting the possibility for prevention and intervention through changes of individual habits, especially with regard to diet. Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Neurodegeneration brings together expert researchers involved with recent developments across a variety of fields. In looking at causation, prevention, and therapy, they offer contributions addressing these questions: What similarities and differences exist between normal aging and disease-related neurodegeneration in terms of susceptibility to and effects of oxidative stress? How can oxidative stress or its effects be attenuated? Do antioxidants prevent or slow the progress of the disease? Is there any role for natural micronutrients in the attenuation of oxidative stress and prevention of age-related neurodegeneration? Some chapters look at the various ways research is getting to the core of neurodegenerative disease, including the use of proteomics, comparisons to related diseases, and examinations at the cellular and molecular levels. Other chapters focus on specific antioxidants and nutrients cited as being impactful, such as those found in Gingko biloba, green tea, blueberries, and grape seed extract. Researchers in academia, industry, and clinical medicine, as well as students and scholars will find use for this timely collection, either as an introduction to our current understanding of neurodegeneration or as a reference for further research. Clinicians will also benefit, as this book explains the basis for many of the latest approaches to prevention and therapy.

Oxidative Stress Disease and Cancer

Oxidative Stress  Disease and Cancer Book
Author : Keshav K Singh
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2006-04-04
ISBN : 1783260114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide a comprehensive review of the most up-to-date knowledge of the sources and molecular mechanisms of oxidative stress, and its role in disease and cancer. It also focuses on the novel agents and methods that can be employed to prevent oxidative stress and associated diseases. The authors first review the most recent data on the basic mechanisms of oxidative stress. The second section discusses oxidative stress leading to several diseases and cancers, and in the third section, the strategies employed in the prevention and treatment of oxidative stress-related diseases are discussed. Contents:Yin and Yang of Mitochondrial ROS (A Starkov & K B Wallace)Intracellular Oxidative Stress Caused by Ionizing Radiation (H J Majima et al.)Oxidative Damage to Mitochondria (J C Tilak & T P A Devasagayam)Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defenses in Plants (O Blokhina & K Fagerstedt)Lipid- and Protein-Mediated Oxidative Damage to DNA (M D Evans & M S Cooke)Oxidative Damage to Nucleotide: Consequences and Preventive Mechanisms (Y Nakatsu & M Sekiguchi)Oxidative Damage to DNA and Its Repair (L J Rasmussen)Cellular Responses to Reactive Oxygen Species (I W Dawes)Oxidative Stress, Cell Proliferation, and Apoptosis (J S Carew et al.)Oxidative Damage to Carbohydrates and Amino Acids (M d'Ischia et al.)Superoxide Dismutase 2 Deficient Mice: The Role of Increased Reactive Oxygen Species in Genomic Instability (E Samper et al.)Oxidative Stress, Genetic Variation, and Disease (L Lyrenäs et al.)Oxidative Stress and Autoimmune Diseases (J Saegusa et al.)Does Oxidative Stress Determine Lifespan? (F L Muller & H Van Remmen)Oxidative Stress and Ataxia–Telangiectasia (E M Dunner & D J Watters)Oxidative Stress and Cardiovascular Disease (S Johar et al.)Oxidative Stress, Insulin Resistance, and Cardiovascular Disease (A Ceriello)Pathogenesis and Etiology of Down's Syndrome in Relation to Oxidative Stress (S Arbuzova & H Cuckle)Oxidative Stress and Ulcerative Colitis: Experimental Evidence and Implications for Treatment (D N Seril et al.)Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Disease (K Schüssel et al.)Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Disease (C-Y Lu et al.)Oxidative Stress and Respiratory Disease (R Maselli & G Pelaia)Oxidative Stress and Human Reproduction (A Agarwal & S Allamaneni)Oxidative Stress and Multistage Carcinogenesis (P C Goswami & K K Singh)Oxidative Stress and Cancer Cachexia (G Mantovani & C Madeddu)Oxidative Stress in Cancer-Prone Diseases (G Pagano)Iron-Induced Carcinogenesis (S Toyokuni)Copper and Carcinogenesis (T Theophanides & J Anastassopoulou)Arsenic, Oxidative Stress, and Carcinogenesis (M F Hughes & K T Kitchin)Estrogen-Induced Carcinogenesis: Importance of Oxidative Stress (H K Bhat)Oxidative Stress in HIV Infection (W Dröge)Oxidative Stress and Breast Cancer (J Ahn & C B Ambrosone)Oxidative Stress and Photocarcinogenesis: Strategies for Prevention (S K Katiyar)Oxidative Stress and Coenzyme Q10 Therapy (F L Rosenfeldt et al.)Plant-Derived Antioxidants (F H Sarker & Y Li)Oxidative Stress and Cancer Therapy (K Pong)Nanoscale Antioxidant Therapeutics (T Dziubla et al.)Use of Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Human Studies (C-Y Chen & J B Blumberg) Readership: Academics, researchers, scientists, clinicians, physicians, members of the society for free radical biology and medicine and members of SFRR. Key Features:The first book that describes the roles of oxidative stress in diseasesOver 35 of the leading experts in the oxidative stress field have contributed to this book. Their expertise ranges from basic to translational to therapeutic aspects of oxidative stress-associated diseasesKeywords:Oxidative Stress;Disease;Cancer;Free Radical;Superoxide;Mitochondria;Aging;Antioxidant;Antioxidant Therapy

Neurodegenerative Diseases

Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Shamim I. Ahmad
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-12
ISBN : 1461406536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The editor of this volume, having research interests in the field of ROS production and the damage to cellular systems, has identified a number of enzymes showing ·OH scavenging activities details of which are anticipated to be published in the near future as confirmatory experiments are awaited. It is hoped that the information presented in this book on NDs will stimulate both expert and novice researchers in the field with excellent overviews of the current status of research and pointers to future research goals. Clinicians, nurses as well as families and caregivers should also benefit from the material presented in handling and treating their specialised cases. Also the insights gained should be valuable for further understanding of the diseases at molecular levels and should lead to development of new biomarkers, novel diagnostic tools and more effective therapeutic drugs to treat the clinical problems raised by these devastating diseases.

Free Radicals in Human Health and Disease

Free Radicals in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Vibha Rani,Umesh Chand Singh Yadav
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-14
ISBN : 8132220358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The role of oxidative stress in human disease has become an area of intense interest. Free radicals, a normal product of metabolism, exist in all aerobic cells in balance with biochemical antioxidants. Environmental stress increases the levels of free radicals drastically, thereby disturbing the equilibrium between free radical production and the antioxidant capability causing oxidative stress. Over the years, ROS has been implicated in the pathologies of various diseases like cancer, neurological disorder, cardiovascular diseases rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes etc. This book provides an in depth critical state-of-art reviews from established investigators on free radicals, ROS associated pathogenesis of human diseases, biomarkers of oxidative damage, antioxidants, phytonutrients and other related health concerns of modern society. The present book is aimed at graduate students, researchers in academia, industry and clinicians with the interest in redox biology. Special attention has been devoted to the topic of ROS signalling, oxidative stress induced human pathologies & antioxidative therapies. The book consists of four parts in specified topics based on the current literatures for the better understanding of the readers with respect to their subject-wise interests. The first section of the book provides an overview about the ROS production and their measuring tools and techniques followed by the mechanisms involved in the oxidative stress in the second section. The third section describes the involvement of oxidative stress in different human diseases and the last section focuses on the different strategies to ameliorate oxidative stress induced stress.

Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders

Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders Book
Author : Uddin, Md. Sahab,Amran, Md. Shah
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-07-31
ISBN : 1522552839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurodegeneration is a key feature of several diseases that are referred to as neurodegenerative diseases. The process of neurodegeneration is not well-understood so the diseases that stem from it have, as yet, no cures. As such, studying the effects of these disorders can provide insight into the treatment, prevention, and future opportunities and challenges in this growing field. The Handbook of Research on Critical Examinations of Neurodegenerative Disorders is a critical scholarly resource that provides an extensive explanation of various neurodegenerative disorders based on existing studies to clarify etiology, pathological mechanisms, diagnosis, therapeutic interventions, as well as current status and future opportunities and challenges. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as dementia, mitochondrial dysfunction, and risk factors, this book is geared towards neurobiologists, neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, neuropathologists, medical professionals, academicians, and researchers seeking research on the complexity of neurodegenerative disorders.

Neuroinflammation and Neurodegeneration

Neuroinflammation and Neurodegeneration Book
Author : Phillip K. Peterson,Michal Toborek
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 149391071X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

State of the art reviews by experts in the fields of neuroscience, immunology, microbiology/infectious diseases and pharmacology addressing the convergence of the immune system (neuroinflammation) and the loss of neurons (neurodegeneration). Many of the diseases that are discussed in the book are of epidemic proportion, e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, viral encephalitides and substance abuse. In addition to discussions of the involvement of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in these disorders, scientific reviews are presented on the cells and mediators that participate in defense of and damage to the nervous system. With rare exception, no or inadequate treatment exists for the diseases discussed in this book. An underlying premise of the book is that understanding of their shared pathogenic mechanisms will lead to improved therapies. Given the rapid evolution of the field of Neuroimmune Pharmacology, readers will find this book to be the most timely and authoritative reference on the subject of each of its chapters.

Metal Ions and Neurodegenerative Disorders

Metal Ions and Neurodegenerative Disorders Book
Author : Paolo Zatta
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9812383980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerous studies have established a clear connection between neuronal oxidative stress and several neurodegenerative diseases, with consequential damages to lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, etc. In addition, several modifications indicative of oxidative stress have been described in association with neurons, neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease, including advanced glycation end products and free carbonyl oxidation.Oxidative damage and antioxidant responses are now well characterized, but sources of damaging free radicals are yet to be fully understood. Evidences of alteration in metal ions metabolism have been reported in various diseases like Alzheimer's, Wilson, Menkes, Prion, Pick, Huntington disease, epilepsy and other pathological events. Thus, metal ions play a pivotal role in neurodegenerative phenomena.Chelation therapy is still in the early days of its development, but research in this area could lead to new products that could revolutionize treatment. Two international conferences on ?Metals and the Brain: From Neurochemistry to Neurodegeneration? (Padova, Italy, 2000 and Fez, Morocco, 2002) were recently held to discuss the role of metal ions in neurophysiopathology. A third will be held in 2005 in Johannesburg, South Africa.This book follows the same train of thought as those conferences, in order to highlight the unquestionable importance of metal ions in the research on the neurophysiopathology of neurodegenerative diseases. The excellent reputation of the scientists who have contributed to this project ensures the quality of the chapters presented here, and hopefully this will help spur new research initiatives in the field, which is still in its infancy.