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Ostracoda As Proxies For Quaternary Climate Change

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Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 044453637X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ostracod crustaceans, common microfossils in marine and freshwater sedimentary records, supply evidence of past climatic conditions via indicator species, transfer function and mutual climatic range approaches as well as the trace element and stable isotope geochemistry of their shells. As methods of using ostracods as Quaternary palaeoclimate proxies have developed, so too has a critical awareness of their complexities, potential and limitations. This book combines up-to-date reviews (covering previous work and summarising the state of the art) with presentations of new, cutting-edge science (data and interpretations as well as methodological developments) to form a major reference work that will constitute a durable bench-mark in the science of Ostracoda and Quaternary climate change. In-depth and focused treatment of palaeoclimate applications Provides durable benchmark and guide for all future work on ostracods Presents new, cutting-edge science

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa Book
Author : Jasper Knight,Stefan W. Grab
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-06-23
ISBN : 1107055792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a benchmark study of southern African landscape evolution during the Quaternary, for researchers, professionals and policymakers.

Handbook of Sea Level Research

Handbook of Sea Level Research Book
Author : Ian Shennan,Antony J. Long,Benjamin P. Horton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-19
ISBN : 1118452577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring sea-level change – be that rise or fall – isone of the most pressing scientific goals of our time and requiresrobust scientific approaches and techniques. This Handbookaims to provide a practical guide to readers interested in thischallenge, from the initial design of research approaches throughto the practical issues of data collection and interpretation froma diverse range of coastal environments. Building on thirtyyears of international research, the Handbook comprises 38 chaptersthat are authored by leading experts from around the world. The Handbook will be an important resource to scientists interestedand involved in understanding sea-level changes across a broadrange of disciplines, policy makers wanting to appreciate ourcurrent state of knowledge of sea-level change over differenttimescales, and many teachers at the university level, as well asadvanced-level undergraduates and postgraduate research students,wanting to learn more about sea-level change. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/shennan/sealevel"www.wiley.com\go\shennan\sealevel/a

Reconstructing Quaternary Environments

Reconstructing Quaternary Environments Book
Author : J. John Lowe,Michael J.C Walker
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-10-28
ISBN : 1317753712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third edition of Reconstructing Quaternary Environments has been completely revised and updated to provide a new account of the history and scale of environmental changes during the Quaternary. The evidence is extremely diverse ranging from landforms and sediments to fossil assemblages and geochemical data, and includes new data from terrestrial, marine and ice-core records. Dating methods are described and evaluated, while the principles and practices of Quaternary stratigraphy are also discussed. The volume concludes with a new chapter which considers some of the key questions about the nature, causes and consequences of global climatic and environmental change over a range of temporal scales. This synthesis builds on the methods and approaches described earlier in the book to show how a number of exciting ideas that have emerged over the last two decades are providing new insights into the operation of the global earth-ocean-atmosphere system, and are now central to many areas of contemporary Quaternary research. This comprehensive and dynamic textbook is richly illustrated throughout with full-colour figures and photographs. The book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in Earth Science, Environmental Science, Physical Geography, Geology, Botany, Zoology, Ecology, Archaeology and Anthropology

The Recent and Fossil meet Kempf Database Ostracoda

The Recent and Fossil meet Kempf Database Ostracoda Book
Author : Finn Viehberg,Renate Matzke-Karasz,Lisa Park Boush,Alison Smith
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 9004287604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings hold new scientific studies on freshwater and marine ostracod genera/species. The research papers cover aspects of biogeography, ecology, morphology and taxonomy.

Climate Changes in the Holocene

Climate Changes in the Holocene  Book
Author : Eustathios Chiotis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-11-15
ISBN : 1351260227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights climate as a complex physical, chemical, biological, and geological system, in perpetual change, under astronomical, predominantly, solar control. It has been shaped to some degree through the past glaciation cycles repeated in the last three million years. The Holocene, the current interglacial epoch which started ca. 11,700 years ago, marks the transition from the Stone Age to the unprecedented cultural evolution of our civilization. Significant climate changes have been recorded in natural archives during the Holocene, including the rapid waning of ice sheets, millennial shifting of the monsoonal fringe in the northern hemisphere, and abrupt centennial events. A typical case of severe environmental change is the greening of Sahara in the Early Holocene and the gradual desertification again since the fifth millennium before present. Climate Changes in the Holocene: Impact, Adaptation, and Resilience investigates the impact of natural climate changes on humans and civilization through case studies from various places, periods, and climates. Earth and human society are approached as a complex system, thereby emphasizing the necessity to improve adaptive capacity in view of the anthropogenic global warming and ecosystem degradation. Features: Written by distinguished experts, the book presents the fundamentals of the climate system, the unparalleled progress achieved in the last decade in the fields of intensified research for improved understanding of the carbon cycle, climate components, and their interaction. Presents the application of paleoclimatology and modeling in climate reconstruction. Examines the new era of satellite-based climate monitoring and the prospects of reduced carbon dioxide emissions.

Thorp and Covich s Freshwater Invertebrates

Thorp and Covich s Freshwater Invertebrates Book
Author : James H. Thorp,D. Christopher Rogers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-06
ISBN : 0123850274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Readers familiar with the first three editions of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates (edited by J.H. Thorp and A.P. Covich) will welcome the comprehensive revision and expansion of that trusted professional reference manual and educational textbook from a single North American tome into a developing multi-volume series covering inland water invertebrates of the world. The series entitled Thorp and Covich’s Freshwater Invertebrates (edited by J.H. Thorp) begins with the current Volume I: Ecology and General Biology (edited by J.H. Thorp and D.C. Rogers), which is designed as a companion volume for the remaining books in the series. Those following volumes provide taxonomic coverage for specific zoogeographic regions of the world, starting with Keys to Nearctic Fauna (Vol. II) and Keys to Palaearctic Fauna (Vol. III). Volume I maintains the ecological and general biological focus of the previous editions but now expands coverage globally in all chapters, includes more taxonomic groups (e.g., chapters on individual insect orders), and covers additional functional topics such as invasive species, economic impacts, and functional ecology. As in previous editions, the 4th edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates is designed for use by professionals in universities, government agencies, and private companies as well as by undergraduate and graduate students. Global coverage of aquatic invertebrate ecology Discussions on invertebrate ecology, phylogeny, and general biology written by international experts for each group Separate chapters on invasive species and economic impacts and uses of invertebrates Eight additional chapters on insect orders and a chapter on freshwater millipedes Four new chapters on collecting and culturing techniques, ecology of invasive species, economic impacts, and ecological function of invertebrates Overall expansion of ecology and general biology and a shift of the even more detailed taxonomic keys to other volumes in the projected 9-volume series Identification keys to lower taxonomic levels

The Archaeological and Forensic Applications of Microfossils A Deeper Understanding of Human History The Archaeological and Forensic Applications of Microfossils

The Archaeological and Forensic Applications of Microfossils  A Deeper Understanding of Human History The Archaeological and Forensic Applications of Microfossils Book
Author : M. Williams,T. Hill,I. Boomer,I.P. Wilkinson
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2017-06-16
ISBN : 1786203057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microfossils are an abundant component of the sedimentary rock record. Their analysis can reveal not only the environments in which the rocks were deposited, but also their age. When combined, the spatial and temporal distribution patterns of microfossils offer enormous utility for archaeological and forensic investigations. Their presence can act as a geological ‘fingerprint’ and the tiniest fragment of material, such as a broken Iron Age potsherd, can contain a microfossil signature that reveals the geographical source of the materials under investigation. This book explores how microfossils are employed as tools to interpret human society and habitation throughout history. Examples include microfossil evidence associated with Palaeolithic human occupation at Boxgrove in Sussex, alongside investigations into human-induced landscape change during the Holocene. Further examples include the use of microfossils to provenance the source materials of Iron Age ceramics, Roman mosaics and Minoan pottery, in addition to their application to help solve modern murder cases, highlighting the diverse applications of microfossils to improving our understanding of human history.

A Stratigraphical Basis for the Anthropocene

A Stratigraphical Basis for the Anthropocene Book
Author : C.N. Waters,J.A. Zalasiewicz,M. Williams,M.A. Ellis,A.M. Snelling
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2014-06-05
ISBN : 1862396280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humankind has pervasively influenced the Earth’s atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere and cryosphere, arguably to the point of fashioning a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene. To constrain the Anthropocene as a potential formal unit within the Geological Time Scale, a spectrum of indicators of anthropogenically-induced environmental change is considered, and shown as stratigraphical signals that may be used to characterize an Anthropocene unit, and to recognize its base. This volume describes a range of evidence that may help to define this potential new time unit and details key signatures that could be used in its definition. These signatures include lithostratigraphical (novel deposits, minerals and mineral magnetism), biostratigraphical (macro- and micro-palaeontological successions and human-induced trace fossils) and chemostratigraphical (organic, inorganic and radiogenic signatures in deposits, speleothems and ice and volcanic eruptions). We include, finally, the suggestion that humans have created a further sphere, the technosphere, that drives global change.

Cretaceous Period Biotic Diversity and Biogeography

Cretaceous Period  Biotic Diversity and Biogeography Book
Author : Ashu Khosla,Spencer G. Lucas
Publisher : New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Release : 2016-01-01
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cretaceous Period Biotic Diversity and Biogeography book written by Ashu Khosla,Spencer G. Lucas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves Book
Author : Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-25
ISBN : 0128156872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos

Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos Book
Author : Prince S. Godson,Salom Gnana Thanga Vincent,S. Krishnakumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-01
ISBN : 0128211628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos provides insights into the characteristic features of marine and estuarine benthos that play an important role in coastal ecosystem functioning, a primary level in the food chain. The book provides the latest information on multidisciplinary reflections by various researchers studying the benthic community. Through the chapters, ecosystem services are explored as a way to share approaches and scientific methods to achieve knowledge-based sustainable planning and management of benthic ecosystems. This is a helpful guide for anyone working on marine and estuarine environments, and for those who need an introduction to benthic ecology. The book has a wide range of scientific coverage since it caters primarily to the requirement of marine ecologists, marine benthologists, EIA experts, aquatic researchers, scientists, teachers and research scholars. In addition to this, it also serves as a reference for postgraduate/undergraduate students studying aquatic ecosystems. Includes analytical methods and detailed statistical interpretation for qualitative and quantitative analyses of marine and estuarine benthic community structures Presents figures, schematic diagrams and photographs related to benthic diversity of coastal ecosystem to aid in understanding protocols for the assessment of the benthic community's structure and function Includes case studies throughout each chapter to increase understanding of benthic communities

New Agendas in Remote Sensing and Landscape Archaeology in the Near East

New Agendas in Remote Sensing and Landscape Archaeology in the Near East Book
Author : Dan Lawrence,Mark Altaweel,Graham Philip
Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Release : 2020-08-27
ISBN : 1789695740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents papers in honour of Tony James Wilkinson, who was Professor of Archaeology at Durham University from 2006 until his death in 2014. Though commemorative in concept, the volume is an assemblage of new research representing emerging agendas and innovative methods in remote sensing and their application in Near Eastern archaeology.

Metacommunity Spatio Temporal Dynamics Conservation and Management Implications

Metacommunity Spatio Temporal Dynamics  Conservation and Management Implications Book
Author : Pedro Giovâni Da Silva,Jani Heino,Juliano André Bogoni,Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-05-18
ISBN : 2889667804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metacommunity Spatio Temporal Dynamics Conservation and Management Implications book written by Pedro Giovâni Da Silva,Jani Heino,Juliano André Bogoni,Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments Book
Author : Vivien Gornitz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-31
ISBN : 1402045514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of Springer’s Major Reference Works, this book gives the reader a truly global perspective. It is the first major reference work in its field. Paleoclimate topics covered in the encyclopedia give the reader the capability to place the observations of recent global warming in the context of longer-term natural climate fluctuations. Significant elements of the encyclopedia include recent developments in paleoclimate modeling, paleo-ocean circulation, as well as the influence of geological processes and biological feedbacks on global climate change. The encyclopedia gives the reader an entry point into the literature on these and many other groundbreaking topics.

Quaternary Climate Change over the Indian Subcontinent

Quaternary Climate Change over the Indian Subcontinent Book
Author : Neloy Khare
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-27
ISBN : 1000391752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quaternary studies provide the essential context for evaluation of what is happening with the earth's climate today, and to clarify our vulnerability to hazardous natural processes. This book covers scientific aspects of past and present climatic changes of the quaternary period focused on the Indian subcontinent via response of modern environmental conditions on climate proxies, reconstruction of paleoclimate, paleomonsoon, glacial geology, climate variabilities using dendrochronology, cave deposits including quaternary tectonics and climate change over the Himalayan region. It consists of data generated from different landforms including lakes, caves, rivers, swamps, pits, and trenches using different proxies. Aimed at researchers, graduate students, professionals in geology, geography and environmental sciences, micropaleontology, and Quaternary climate change, this book: Studies Quaternary climate using various proxies in varied environments on the Indian sub-continent Covers pertinent historical and environmental archives to understand the current climate scenario Discusses the impact of climate change on biotic and abiotic components Includes thorough review of paleoclimate change studies Devotes significant space to glacial geology and all glacial climate proxies

Holocene Climate Change and Environment

Holocene Climate Change and Environment Book
Author : Navnith Kumaran,Damodaran Padmalal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 0323900860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Holocene Climate Change and Environment presents detailed, diverse case studies from a range of environmental and geological regions on the Indian subcontinent which occupies the central part of the monsoon domain. This book examines Holocene events at different time intervals based on a new, high-resolution, multi-proxy records (pollen, spores, NPP, diatoms, grain size characteristics, total organic carbon, carbon/nitrogen ratio, stable isotopes) and other physical tools from all regions of India. It also covers new facilities in chronological study and luminescence dating, which have added a new dimension toward understanding the Holocene glacial retreats evolution of coastal landforms, landscape dynamics and human evolution. Each chapter is presented with a unified structure for ease of access and application, including an introduction, geographic details, field work and sampling techniques, methods, results and discussion. This detailed examination of such an important region provides key insights in climate modeling and global prediction systems. Provides data and research from environmentally and geologically diverse regions across the Indian subcontinent Presents an integrated and interdisciplinary approach, including considerations of human impacts Features detailed case studies that include methods and data, allowing for applications related to research and global modeling

Natural Climate Variability on Decade to Century Time Scales

Natural Climate Variability on Decade to Century Time Scales Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Climate Research Committee
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-08-30
ISBN : 0309054494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reflects the current state of scientific knowledge about natural climate variability on decade-to-century time scales. It covers a wide range of relevant subjects, including the characteristics of the atmosphere and ocean environments as well as the methods used to describe and analyze them, such as proxy data and numerical models. They clearly demonstrate the range, persistence, and magnitude of climate variability as represented by many different indicators. Not only do natural climate variations have important socioeconomic effects, but they must be better understood before possible anthropogenic effects (from greenhouse gas emissions, for instance) can be evaluated. A topical essay introduces each of the disciplines represented, providing the nonscientist with a perspective on the field and linking the papers to the larger issues in climate research. In its conclusions section, the book evaluates progress in the different areas and makes recommendations for the direction and conduct of future climate research. This book, while consisting of technical papers, is also accessible to the interested layperson.

Lake Records of Environmental and Climate Change on the Tibetan Plateau

Lake Records of Environmental and Climate Change on the Tibetan Plateau Book
Author : Zhang Chengjun,Steffen Mischke,Yongli Wang
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-11-07
ISBN : 2832504035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Lake Records of Environmental and Climate Change on the Tibetan Plateau book written by Zhang Chengjun,Steffen Mischke,Yongli Wang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Palaeolimnological Proxies as Tools of Environmental Reconstruction in Fresh Water

Palaeolimnological Proxies as Tools of Environmental Reconstruction in Fresh Water Book
Author : Krisztina Buczkó,János Korponai,Judit Padisák,Scott W. Starratt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-05-30
ISBN : 9048133874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Palaeolimnology is one of the most rapidly developing fields of limnology. The primary objective of this volume is to present new palaeolimnological findings from eastern and central Europe. Although this area has sometimes received less attention than other areas of Europe, the lakes and mires, coupled with the variability in landscape and the local differences in climate, provide unique opportunity for studying palaeolimnology. The volume starts with a review on late Quaternary records form the Carpathian region, followed by new results on the history of a crater lake, Lake Saint Ana, glacial lakes in the Tatra Mountains and Lake Bled in Slovenia. In addition, the various papers provide new insights on the development of lakes and bogs during the late glacial and Holocene, using a wide range of palaeolimnological proxies, including diatoms, pollen, macrofossils, pigments, cladoceran remains, chironomids, chaoborids, stable isotopes and geochemistry. The motivation for collecting recent knowledge derives from the recognition of the importance, and applicability of palaeolimnological tools to help in defining "reference conditions" as designated within the Water Framework Directives and estimating influence of global climate change on surface waters.