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Orthopaedic Bone Cements

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Orthopaedic Bone Cements

Orthopaedic Bone Cements Book
Author : S Deb
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-10-16
ISBN : 1845695178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone cements are widely used in orthopaedic applications to anchor implants to existing bone, reconstruct bone and deliver bioactive agents to the body. With an increasing number of bone cements available, it is vital that the correct material is selected for specific clinical procedures. Orthopaedic bone cements reviews the most recent research in this field. Part one discusses the current uses of orthopaedic bone cements with chapters on such topics as hip replacements, verteboplasty and wear particles and osteolysis. Part two reviews materials and types of cement such as acrylic, polymethylmethacrylate and calcium phosphate cements. Chapters in Part three address the mechanical properties of bone cements such as fracture toughness and dynamic creep. The final section examines methods to enhance the properties of bone cements with coverage of themes such as antibiotic loaded bone cements and bioactive cements. With its eminent editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Orthopaedic bone cements is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, medical researchers and all those involved in the development of bone cements for orthopaedic applications and joint replacement. Provides a review of recent research focussing on improving the mechanical and biological performance of bone cements Discusses the current applications of bone cements particularly in hip replacement, verteboplasty and wear particles Reviews types of materials and acrylic, polymethlymethacrylate and calcium phosphate as types of cements

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique Book
Author : U. Henze,G.H.I.M. Walenkamp,D.W. Murray,H.-J. Kock
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642594786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

G. H. I. M. WALENKAMP, D. W. MURRAY Since the first use of bone cement, there has been much discussion about this important tool in arthroplasty. Many authors consider the cemented prosthesis as the gold standard when evaluating the outcome of primary prostheses. In a large number of total hip arthroplasties, as registered in the Scandi navian Hip Registers, important differences in revision risks have been docu mented between hospitals. These differences are partly due to the use of di verse cement techniques. In the analysis of data, the influence of these tech niques, as well as the different cement types, is clear. A recent disaster with a newly developed cement also illustrated that the quality of the cement must be assured, and that the introduction of a new material must be carefully prepared and followed-up. The new Palamed cement has been developed by the makers of the well known Palacos and Refobacin Palacos, which appeared to be the best ce ments in the Swedish register. An improvement was noted in slightly better handling characteristics, but the end product is the same as Palacos. As men tioned, this cement will be carefully followed-up in the near future. However, its introduction is a good reason to gather the expertise of some of the lead ing figures in the field in this book. II History of Bone Cements CHAPTER 2. 1 Industrial Development of Bone Cement Twenty-Five Years of Experience w. EGE, K. D.

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics Book
Author : Dominique G. Poitout
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-15
ISBN : 1848826648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the constant evolution of implant technology, and improvement in the production of allograft and bone substitutes, the armamentarium of the orthopaedic surgeon has significantly expanded. In particular, the recent involvement of nanotechnologies opens up the possibilities of new approaches in the interactive interfaces of implants. With many important developments occurring since the first edition of this well-received book, this updated resource informs orthopaedic practitioners on a wide range of biomechanical advances in one complete reference guide. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics, 2nd edition compiles the most prominent work in the discipline to offer newly-qualified orthopedic surgeons a summary of the fundamental skills that they will need to apply in their day-to-day work, while also updating the knowledge of experienced surgeons. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also providing an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.

Bone Cements

Bone Cements Book
Author : Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642597629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is the basic component of bone cements. To use it, a dough is prepared from the liquid and powder by mixing right before application, which is normally done by the operating team. During its working phase the dough is then inserted into the tissue where polymerization is completed. Thus, the final implant polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is only created at the implantation site. Besides methyl methacrylate, bone cements sometimes contain other methacrylates, such as butyl methacrylate. To achieve X-ray opacity, radiopacifiers (zirconium dioxide or barium sulfate) are added to the powder. Both the liquid and powder components contain additives (initiator and activator) that launch polymerization and control the set ting when mixed together. Moreover, softener and emulsifiers are some times used. The addition of antibiotics to the powder component in order to prevent or treat infections has become especially important. Commercial bone cements differ in composition and the course of curing. Some are designed for high and others for low viscosity. The way the user handles and applies the cement always crucially influences the quality of the implant. This is why clear and comprehensive information about the cements should be available to show the user how all the relevant factors work It should also be possible together and how they depend on each other.

MWCNT Used in Orthopaedic Bone Cements

MWCNT Used in Orthopaedic Bone Cements Book
Author : Nicholas Dunne,Ross W. Ormsby
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9789533075662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download MWCNT Used in Orthopaedic Bone Cements book written by Nicholas Dunne,Ross W. Ormsby, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

EORS European Orthopaedic Research Society

EORS  European Orthopaedic Research Society Book
Author : Collectif
Publisher : PPUR presses polytechniques
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9782880745219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download EORS European Orthopaedic Research Society book written by Collectif, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants Book
Author : Elizabeth Friis
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-24
ISBN : 008100284X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanical Testing of Orthopaedic Implants provides readers with a thorough overview of the fundamentals of orthopedic implants and various methods of mechanical testing. Historical aspects are presented, along with case studies that are particularly useful for readers. Presents information on a range of implants, from dental to spinal implants Includes case studies throughout that help the reader understand how the content of the book is applied in practice Provides coverage and guidance on FDA regulations and requirements Focuses on application of mechanical testing methods

Bone Cements

Bone Cements Book
Author : Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-09-18
ISBN : 9783642641152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is the basic component of bone cements. To use it, a dough is prepared from the liquid and powder by mixing right before application, which is normally done by the operating team. During its working phase the dough is then inserted into the tissue where polymerization is completed. Thus, the final implant polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is only created at the implantation site. Besides methyl methacrylate, bone cements sometimes contain other methacrylates, such as butyl methacrylate. To achieve X-ray opacity, radiopacifiers (zirconium dioxide or barium sulfate) are added to the powder. Both the liquid and powder components contain additives (initiator and activator) that launch polymerization and control the set ting when mixed together. Moreover, softener and emulsifiers are some times used. The addition of antibiotics to the powder component in order to prevent or treat infections has become especially important. Commercial bone cements differ in composition and the course of curing. Some are designed for high and others for low viscosity. The way the user handles and applies the cement always crucially influences the quality of the implant. This is why clear and comprehensive information about the cements should be available to show the user how all the relevant factors work It should also be possible together and how they depend on each other.

Bone Repair Biomaterials

Bone Repair Biomaterials Book
Author : J A Planell,S M Best,D Lacroix,A Merolli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-26
ISBN : 1845696611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone repair is a fundamental part of the rapidly expanding medical care sector and has benefited from many recent technological developments. With an increasing number of technologies available, it is vital that the correct technique is selected for specific clinical procedures. This unique book will provide a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration. Chapters in the second part discuss the science and properties of biomaterials used for bone repair such as metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. The final section of the book discusses clinical applications and considerations with chapters on such topics as orthopaedic surgery, tissue engineering, implant retrieval and ethics of bone repair biomaterials. With its distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Bone repair biomaterials is an invaluable reference for researchers and clinicians within the biomedical industry and academia. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area Reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration addressing social, economic and clinical challenges Examines the properties of biomaterials used for bone repair with specific chapters assessing metals, ceramics, polymers and composites

Joint Replacement Technology

Joint Replacement Technology Book
Author : Peter A. Revell
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-08-09
ISBN : 0128210834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third edition of Joint Replacement Technology provides a thoroughly updated review of recent developments in joint replacement technology. Joint replacement is a standard treatment for joint degradation and has improved the quality of life of millions of patients. Collaboration between clinicians and researchers is critical to its continued success and to meet the rising expectations of patients and surgeons. This edition covers a range of updated and new content, ranging from chapters on materials analysis and selection, to methodologies and techniques used for joint replacement and clinical challenges of replacing specific joints. Key topics include tribological considerations and experiments; challenges in joint bearing surfaces; cementless fixation techniques; healing responses to implants. Clinical challenges and perspectives are covered with the aid of case studies. Thanks to its widespread collaboration and international contributors, Joint Replacement Technology, Third Edition is useful for materials scientists and engineers in both academia and the biomedical industry. Chemists, clinicians, and other researchers in this area will also find this text invaluable. This third edition provides an updated comprehensive review of recent developments in joint replacement technology. Reviews a range of specific joints, biological and mechanical issues and fixation techniques. Includes revised and new content, such as sections on regulatory affairs, AI techniques and 3D printing.

A Primer of Biomechanics

A Primer of Biomechanics Book
Author : George L. Lucas,Francis W. Cooke,Elizabeth Friis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780387984568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first volume of its kind to present the principles of biomechanics with a highly clinical orientation. Dr. Lucas and his colleagues have assembled a practical guide using case presentations to make this very technical and complicated material attractive to the orthopaedic resident and practitioner. This "user-friendly" text is further enhanced by well integrated chapters covering all the basic materials and the latest information of this rapidly evolving field. Each case presentation is followed by a detailed, but easily understandable explanation of the biomechanical principles involved and includes protocols for treatment. A must-have for orthopaedic residents and practitioners.

Biomedical Composites

Biomedical Composites Book
Author : Luigi Ambrosio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-11-23
ISBN : 1845697375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocomposites are widely used in the medical industry to repair and restore bone, tooth, cartilage skin and other tissues. Biomedical composites, provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications. Part one discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites, and hard and soft tissue applications of biocomposites. Part two then reviews applications of biocomposites. Chapters discuss composites for bone repair, composite coatings for implants, composites for spinal implants, injectable composites and composites for tissue engineered scaffolds. Chapters in part three discuss the biocompatibility, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites with such topics as cellular response, testing of biocomposites and tribology of biocomposites. Finally part four reviews the future for biocomposites with chapters on nano-structured biocomposites, developing biocomposites as scaffolds and biocomposites in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biomedical composites is an essential reference to materials scientists and researchers in industry and academia, as well as all those concerned with this increasingly important field. Provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications Discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites and their applications Chapters address composites for bone repair, spinal implants and various other applications and discuss biocompatability, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Mohammad Naraghi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-08-09
ISBN : 953307566X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanotubes are among the strongest, toughest, and most stiff materials found on earth. Moreover, they have remarkable electrical and thermal properties, which make them suitable for many applications including nanocomposites, electronics, and chemical detection devices. This book is the effort of many scientists and researchers all over the world to bring an anthology of recent developments in the field of nanotechnology and more specifically CNTs. In this book you will find: - Recent developments in the growth of CNTs- Methods to modify the surfaces of CNTs and decorate their surfaces for specific applications- Applications of CNTs in biocomposites such as in orthopedic bone cement- Application of CNTs as chemical sensors- CNTs for fuelcells- Health related issues when using CNTs

Preprosthetic and Maxillofacial Surgery

Preprosthetic and Maxillofacial Surgery Book
Author : J Ferri,E Hunziker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-03-28
ISBN : 0857092421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the most important factors in ensuring successful osseointegration is the stability of the implant after its insertion. In order to achieve optimum conditions for implantation, it is often necessary to prepare the area and reconstruct the bone to ensure that it is the correct shape and size for the implant. Preprosthetic and maxillofacial surgery provides a thorough review of the current status and future direction of this important field. Part one reviews bone grafting for implantology and reconstructive preprosthetic surgery. Chapters in part two discuss reconstruction and rehabilitation whilst the final group of chapters analyse tissue engineering applications. Provides readers with the fundamentals of the biology and physiology of maxillofacial bone reconstruction Examines bone reconstruction in implantology and reconstructive preprosthetic surgery considering the fundamentals of bone grafting and alveolar reconstruction Explores construction in particular situations, beginning with applications of biomaterials in alveolar and maxillofacial bone reconstruction and moving on to describe implants in congenital missing teeth

Biomaterials for Spinal Surgery

Biomaterials for Spinal Surgery Book
Author : Luigi Ambrosio,Elizabeth Tanner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-12
ISBN : 0857096192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There have been important developments in materials and therapies for the treatment of spinal conditions. Biomaterials for spinal surgery summarises this research and how it is being applied for the benefit of patients. After an introduction to the subject, part one reviews fundamental issues such as spinal conditions and their pathologies, spinal loads, modelling and osteobiologic agents in spinal surgery. Part two discusses the use of bone substitutes and artificial intervertebral discs whilst part three covers topics such as the use of injectable biomaterials like calcium phosphate for vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty as well as scoliosis implants. The final part of the book summarises developments in regenerative therapies such as the use of stem cells for intervertebral disc regeneration. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Biomaterials for spinal surgery is a standard reference for both those developing new biomaterials and therapies for spinal surgery and those using them in clinical practice. Summarises recent developments in materials and therapies for the treatment of spinal conditions and examines how it is being applied for the benefit of patients Reviews fundamental issues such as spinal conditions and their pathologies, spinal loads, modelling and osteobiologic agents in spinal surgery Discusses the use of bone substitutes and artificial intervertebral discs and covers topics such as the use of injectable biomaterials like calcium phosphate for vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty

Bioactive Acrylic Bone Cements for Orthopaedic Applications

Bioactive Acrylic Bone Cements for Orthopaedic Applications Book
Author : Judith Anna Roether,King's College London. Guy's, King's and St. Thomas's School of Medicine
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bioactive Acrylic Bone Cements for Orthopaedic Applications book written by Judith Anna Roether,King's College London. Guy's, King's and St. Thomas's School of Medicine, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioactive Materials in Medicine

Bioactive Materials in Medicine Book
Author : X. Zhao,J M Courtney,H Qian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-05-25
ISBN : 0857092936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioactive materials play an increasingly important role in the biomaterials industry, and are used for a range of applications, including artificial organs, drug delivery systems, nanomedicine, and biosensors. Bioactive materials in medicine reviews the current status and ongoing development of bioactive materials for medical applications. Following an introduction to bioactive materials in medicine, part one covers the process of designing bioactive materials, including chapters on molecular design, nanotechnology, and tissue engineering. Part two focuses on the different applications of bioactive materials in medicine, with chapters discussing applications in orthopaedics, in the circulatory system,and as antibacterials. The final chapters focus on the uses of these materials in gene therapy, plastic surgery and body reconstruction, and in drug delivery systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Bioactive materials in medicine is an essential reference for researchers and designers in industry, as well as those with an academic interest in the subject. Discusses the current status and ongoing development of bioactive materials for medical applications Explores the process of designing bioactive materials, including molecular design, nanotechnology, and tissue engineering Assesses different applications of bioactive materials in medicine featuring applications in orthopaedics, in the circulatory system,and as antibacterials

Biomaterials and Medical Device Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device   Associated Infections Book
Author : L Barnes,Ian Cooper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 0857097229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

ECCM 7

ECCM 7 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 1996-06-14
ISBN : 9781855733046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings from the 7th European Conference on Composite Materials, London, UK, 1996