Skip to main content

Orthopaedic Bone Cements

In Order to Read Online or Download Orthopaedic Bone Cements Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Orthopaedic Bone Cements

Orthopaedic Bone Cements Book
Author : S Deb
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-10-16
ISBN : 1845695178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Bone cements are widely used in orthopaedic applications to anchor implants to existing bone, reconstruct bone and deliver bioactive agents to the body. With an increasing number of bone cements available, it is vital that the correct material is selected for specific clinical procedures. Orthopaedic bone cements reviews the most recent research in this field. Part one discusses the current uses of orthopaedic bone cements with chapters on such topics as hip replacements, verteboplasty and wear particles and osteolysis. Part two reviews materials and types of cement such as acrylic, polymethylmethacrylate and calcium phosphate cements. Chapters in Part three address the mechanical properties of bone cements such as fracture toughness and dynamic creep. The final section examines methods to enhance the properties of bone cements with coverage of themes such as antibiotic loaded bone cements and bioactive cements. With its eminent editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Orthopaedic bone cements is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, medical researchers and all those involved in the development of bone cements for orthopaedic applications and joint replacement. Provides a review of recent research focussing on improving the mechanical and biological performance of bone cements Discusses the current applications of bone cements particularly in hip replacement, verteboplasty and wear particles Reviews types of materials and acrylic, polymethlymethacrylate and calcium phosphate as types of cements

Bone Cements

Bone Cements Book
Author : Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-09-18
ISBN : 9783642641152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is the basic component of bone cements. To use it, a dough is prepared from the liquid and powder by mixing right before application, which is normally done by the operating team. During its working phase the dough is then inserted into the tissue where polymerization is completed. Thus, the final implant polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is only created at the implantation site. Besides methyl methacrylate, bone cements sometimes contain other methacrylates, such as butyl methacrylate. To achieve X-ray opacity, radiopacifiers (zirconium dioxide or barium sulfate) are added to the powder. Both the liquid and powder components contain additives (initiator and activator) that launch polymerization and control the set ting when mixed together. Moreover, softener and emulsifiers are some times used. The addition of antibiotics to the powder component in order to prevent or treat infections has become especially important. Commercial bone cements differ in composition and the course of curing. Some are designed for high and others for low viscosity. The way the user handles and applies the cement always crucially influences the quality of the implant. This is why clear and comprehensive information about the cements should be available to show the user how all the relevant factors work It should also be possible together and how they depend on each other.

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique Book
Author : U. Henze,G.H.I.M. Walenkamp,D.W. Murray,H.-J. Kock
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642594786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

G. H. I. M. WALENKAMP, D. W. MURRAY Since the first use of bone cement, there has been much discussion about this important tool in arthroplasty. Many authors consider the cemented prosthesis as the gold standard when evaluating the outcome of primary prostheses. In a large number of total hip arthroplasties, as registered in the Scandi navian Hip Registers, important differences in revision risks have been docu mented between hospitals. These differences are partly due to the use of di verse cement techniques. In the analysis of data, the influence of these tech niques, as well as the different cement types, is clear. A recent disaster with a newly developed cement also illustrated that the quality of the cement must be assured, and that the introduction of a new material must be carefully prepared and followed-up. The new Palamed cement has been developed by the makers of the well known Palacos and Refobacin Palacos, which appeared to be the best ce ments in the Swedish register. An improvement was noted in slightly better handling characteristics, but the end product is the same as Palacos. As men tioned, this cement will be carefully followed-up in the near future. However, its introduction is a good reason to gather the expertise of some of the lead ing figures in the field in this book. II History of Bone Cements CHAPTER 2. 1 Industrial Development of Bone Cement Twenty-Five Years of Experience w. EGE, K. D.

MWCNT Used in Orthopaedic Bone Cements

MWCNT Used in Orthopaedic Bone Cements Book
Author : Nicholas Dunne,Ross W. Ormsby
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9789533075662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download MWCNT Used in Orthopaedic Bone Cements book written by Nicholas Dunne,Ross W. Ormsby, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bone Cements

Bone Cements Book
Author : Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642597629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is the basic component of bone cements. To use it, a dough is prepared from the liquid and powder by mixing right before application, which is normally done by the operating team. During its working phase the dough is then inserted into the tissue where polymerization is completed. Thus, the final implant polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is only created at the implantation site. Besides methyl methacrylate, bone cements sometimes contain other methacrylates, such as butyl methacrylate. To achieve X-ray opacity, radiopacifiers (zirconium dioxide or barium sulfate) are added to the powder. Both the liquid and powder components contain additives (initiator and activator) that launch polymerization and control the set ting when mixed together. Moreover, softener and emulsifiers are some times used. The addition of antibiotics to the powder component in order to prevent or treat infections has become especially important. Commercial bone cements differ in composition and the course of curing. Some are designed for high and others for low viscosity. The way the user handles and applies the cement always crucially influences the quality of the implant. This is why clear and comprehensive information about the cements should be available to show the user how all the relevant factors work It should also be possible together and how they depend on each other.

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics Book
Author : Dominique G. Poitout
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-15
ISBN : 1848826648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

With the constant evolution of implant technology, and improvement in the production of allograft and bone substitutes, the armamentarium of the orthopaedic surgeon has significantly expanded. In particular, the recent involvement of nanotechnologies opens up the possibilities of new approaches in the interactive interfaces of implants. With many important developments occurring since the first edition of this well-received book, this updated resource informs orthopaedic practitioners on a wide range of biomechanical advances in one complete reference guide. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics, 2nd edition compiles the most prominent work in the discipline to offer newly-qualified orthopedic surgeons a summary of the fundamental skills that they will need to apply in their day-to-day work, while also updating the knowledge of experienced surgeons. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also providing an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.

Bioactive Acrylic Bone Cements for Orthopaedic Applications

Bioactive Acrylic Bone Cements for Orthopaedic Applications Book
Author : Judith Anna Roether,King's College London. Guy's, King's and St. Thomas's School of Medicine
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Bioactive Acrylic Bone Cements for Orthopaedic Applications book written by Judith Anna Roether,King's College London. Guy's, King's and St. Thomas's School of Medicine, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery

Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery Book
Author : John Charnley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery book written by John Charnley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Mechanical Properties of Orthopaedic Cements

The Mechanical Properties of Orthopaedic Cements Book
Author : Michael Joseph Veal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, BONE CEMENTS, ADDITIVES, FILLERS, BENZOYL PEROXIDE, EXOTHERMIC REACTIONS.

PMMA Cements

PMMA Cements Book
Author : Klaus-Dieter Kühn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-01-02
ISBN : 9783642415357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Cementing endoprostheses is one of the most frequently performed orthopedic procedures in the world today. PMMA cements are used to anchor artificial joints. They fill up the free space between the prosthesis and bone and constitute a very important elastic zone. Owing to their optimal rigidity the cement can evenly buffer the forces acting against the bone. Although the bone cement which are currently commercially available are all based on the same chemical substance (methyl methacrylate = MMA), their physical and chemical properties differ. The completely revised second addition of the book “PMMA (Bone) Cements” could not have a better timing. In a contemporary overview about biological, physical and chemical characteristics of PMMA cement, physicians, material developers, pharmacists, microbiologist, and economists should gain a basic understanding of the subject. It should also serve them as a reference book. In particular for future physicians and hospital personnel numerous questions will be addressed which have been posed during trainings, congresses and expert gatherings concerning the use of PMMA cement in the operating theater in a save and competent way. Also for decision makers at the hospital administration a comprehensive platform has been created which can be used as a basis of their assessment.

The Well Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty

The Well Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty Book
Author : Steffen Breusch,Henrik Malchau
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-02-08
ISBN : 9783540289241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) remains one of the most successful procedures in Orthopaedic surgery. It has become very clear that it is the surgical expertise, in particular the quality of the cementing technique, which will affect long-term outcome and success. It is the intention of this book to provide an up-to-date comprehensive assessment of the entire field of cemented THA. Special emphasis has been given to practice-relevant aspects: well-illustrated and detailed operative steps as a practical guideline, a basic science chapter and long-term outcome data are provided. Minimally invasive surgery, modern perioperative management and patient fast tracking are covered. A number of highly respected experts have contributed to this in-depth compilation of the "state of the art" in 2005. This book is written and intended for both, trainees and established arthroplasty surgeons who are dedicated to perform a well-cemented THA.

Investigation of Orthopaedic PMMA Bone Cements with Multi walled Carbon Nanotubes

Investigation of Orthopaedic PMMA Bone Cements with Multi walled Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Ross William Ormsby
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Investigation of Orthopaedic PMMA Bone Cements with Multi walled Carbon Nanotubes book written by Ross William Ormsby, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bone Cement and Its Application

Bone Cement and Its Application Book
Author : Saha
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992-12
ISBN : 9780849349188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Bone Cement and Its Application book written by Saha, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Implant Bone Interface

Implant Bone Interface Book
Author : John Older
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1447118111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

An update on current knowledge is given for surgeons and researchers involved in implant surgery and the development of implant arthroplasty. The contributions come from a distinguished international faculty of orthopaedic surgeons, biologists and engineers. They examine the junctional tissues between an implant and the bone in joint replacement surgery. The factors that influence junctional tissues and so affect the life-span of the implant are thoroughly discussed. These include: detailed data on the microscopy of the junctional tissues, the mechanical properties of cement, and the architecture of bone and implant design. The discussions following each contribution give meaningful insight into background information and the controversial aspects of surgical implants.

Strontium Incorporated Materials in Orthopaedics

Strontium Incorporated Materials in Orthopaedics Book
Author : Wai-Ching Liu,廖惠清
Publisher : Open Dissertation Press
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 9781361303917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This dissertation, "Strontium Incorporated Materials in Orthopaedics: Gentamicin Release in Bone Cement and Scaffolds With High Mechanical Properties for Tissue Engineering" by Wai-ching, Liu, 廖惠清, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract:  Strontium (Sr) is not only widely studied for its compound as a drug for treating osteoporosis, but there is also a growing interest of its addition in orthopaedic biomaterials. Over the years, the development of orthopaedic biomaterials has already advanced to a new era in the search of resorbable and/or bioactive materials. Due to its anabolic and anti-resportive properties of Sr on bone regeneration as a drug, strontium has been extensively investigated for its potential in other orthopaedic applications. The purposes of this study were to investigate strontium containing hydroxyapatite (Sr-HA) bone cement for the delivery of gentamicin and the effects of Sr incorporation in coral and borosilicate glass as bone engineering scaffolds. Three types of Sr incorporated materials are reported here, in which these include an applied study of the drug elution property of previously published bone cement and two initial studies of the biological properties of newly developed coral and borosilicate scaffolds. Firstly, the gentamicin release, bioactivity and mechanical property of bioactive bone cement filler based on Sr-HA were compared to a commercially available gentamicin-loaded poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). Over the study period of 30 days, the cumulative gentamicin release from Sr-HA bone cement was much greater than PMMA bone cement (+ 34%); better bioactivity of Sr-HA was also confirmed with the apatite formation after simulated body fluid immersion. Goniopora, a highly interconnected porous coral, was hydrothermally converted to coralline hydroxyapatite (CHA) or coated with hydroxyapatite and incorporated with Sr. As the first report of incorporating Sr into coral with the structure remained, about 4-16% Sr was detected on CHA. Sr-HA coated coral was studied in vitro and in vivo (ovariectomized rat model) resulting in better cell proliferation and higher scaffold volume retention (+40%). Finally, the development of Sr incorporated borosilicate (SrB) glass scaffold explored a new material for bone tissue engineering, but more importantly, it introduced a phenomenal idea of the stimulatory effect of a local alkaline microenvironment on bone regeneration. Detections of an exceedingly high pH ( pH 8.6) condition on the material surface and release of Sr, Si and B ions during the degradation of scaffold SrB were confirmed to stimulate osteoblasts and facilitate apatite formation. Although new bone was observed on both scaffolds, higher bone area/tissue area (B.Ar/T.Ar) on scaffold SrB indicated more new bone formation over borosilicate scaffold without Sr addition. The significance of this study is to explore and develop three orthopaedic biomaterials advancing the stimulatory effects of Sr on bone regeneration. The drug elution properties of Sr-HA bone cement provides a fascinating alternative for treating osteomyelitis. Furthermore, by incorporating Sr into CHA and borosilicate scaffold, it brings out the importance on the readiness of the Sr release of the materials in order to deliver the stimulatory effects. Subsequently, a localized pH micro-environment arisen by material degradation is emphasized as a controlling factor in bone regeneration on biomaterials. DOI: 10.5353/th_b4723467 Subjects:

Development of Highly filled Bioactive Acrylic based Composite Bone Cements for Orthopedic and Craniofacial Surgery

Development of Highly filled  Bioactive Acrylic based Composite Bone Cements for Orthopedic and Craniofacial Surgery Book
Author : Lucas Carlos Rodriguez,University of Texas at Dallas. Graduate Program in Biomedical Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Bone cements are used in a variety of healthcare specialties ranging from orthopedics to dentistry to craniofacial surgery to spinal disc reconstruction. These materials need characteristics which mimic their surrounding tissues. Currently available materials have struggled to maintain these necessary characteristics. Poly (methyl methacrylate) is a very high strength bio-inert polymer which has been utilized in healthcare since the 1940's. Calcium phosphate cements are well established as being bone mimicking, but cannot sustain the compressive loads in a weight bearing application. This study sought to solve the problem of currently available bone cements by filling calcium phosphates and antimicrobials into an acrylic polymer matrix. The intended outcome was a material capable of retaining high mechanical stability from the acrylic polymer phase, while becoming sufficiently bone mimicking and antimicrobial. This thesis work presented, characterizes the material properties of the developed materials and eventually isolates a material of interest for future studies.

Orthopedic Resin Composite Bone Cements Containing Non whisker Silicon Nitride

Orthopedic Resin Composite Bone Cements Containing Non whisker Silicon Nitride Book
Author : Amber Annette Sawyer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Orthopedic Resin Composite Bone Cements Containing Non whisker Silicon Nitride book written by Amber Annette Sawyer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Orthopaedic Pathology

Orthopaedic Pathology Book
Author : Vincent J. Vigorita
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780781796705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Featuring over 1,700 illustrations—including full-color photomicrographs, drawings, and radiographs—this Second Edition is a comprehensive, practical guide to diagnosing musculoskeletal disorders. The book details the pathologic and radiologic characteristics of all bone and joint diseases, including arthritis, metastatic bone disease, osteoporosis, trauma, osteomyelitis, developmental bone disorders, and tumor-like lesions. A section on soft-tissue pathology discusses meniscal injuries, bursa, ligaments, and tendons. Although primarily a diagnostic aid, the text includes therapeutic suggestions. A glossary defines specific orthopaedic disorders. This edition has new chapters on fracture callus; the growth plate and dwarfs; tissue/bone banking—bone grafts; and giant cell tumors and differential diagnosis of giant cell lesions. New appendices cover bone biopsy and fine needle aspiration and immunohistochemistry. A companion Website will include a full-color image bank and an interactive quiz bank.