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Organic Nanoreactors

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Organic Nanoreactors

Organic Nanoreactors Book
Author : Samahe Sadjadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-28
ISBN : 0128018100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic Nanoreactors: From Molecular to Supramolecular Organic Compounds provides a unique overview of synthetic, porous organic compounds containing a cavity which can encapsulate one or more guest(s). Confined space within a nanoreactor can isolate the guest(s) from the bulk and effectively influence the reaction inside the nanoreactor. Naturally occurring enzymes are compelling catalysts for selective reactions as their three-dimensional structures build up clefts, caves, or niches in which the active site is located. Additionally, reactive sites carrying special functional groups allow only specific reagents to react in a particular way, to lead to specific enantiomers as products. Equipped with suitable functional groups, then, nanoreactors form a new class of biomimetic compounds, which have multiple important applications in the synthesis of nanomaterials, catalysis, enzyme immobilization, enzyme therapy, and more. This book addresses various synthetic, organic nanoreactors, updating the previous decade of research and examining recent advances in the topic for the first comprehensive overview of this exciting group of compounds, and their practical applications. Bringing in the Editor’s experience in both academic research and industrial applications, Organic Nanoreactors focuses on the properties and applications of well-known as well as little-examined nanoreactor compounds and materials and includes brief overviews of synthetic routes and characterization methods. Focuses on organic nanoreactor compounds for greater depth Covers the molecular, supramolecular, and macromolecular perspectives Compiles previous and current sources from this growing field in one unique reference Provides brief overviews of synthetic routes and characterization methods

Nanoreactor Engineering for Life Sciences and Medicine

Nanoreactor Engineering for Life Sciences and Medicine Book
Author : Katharina Landfester,Agnes Ostafin
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1596931590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This trail-blazing volume covers nanoreactor essentials, including a review of synthetic procedures and materials used to develop various nanoreactor configurations. It explores nanoreactor theory and design, highlighting the fundamental differences between molecular events in macroscale and nanoscale reactors. The book offers a clear look at the dominating role of interfaces and how they affect nanoreactor properties and processes. Moreover, it shows how chemical reaction engineering can be applied in analyzing thermodynamics of self-assembly, colloidal stability, reaction kinetics and stochastic effects, and nanoreactor optimization. The book explores integrated nanoreactor systems, covering a theoretical treatment of how nanoreactors can be mobilized inside cells and tissues or as nanostructured films or coatings. Supported by over 100 diagrams and 250 equations, this definitive resource spotlights 14 bionanoreactor systems in development, including organic polymers, vesicles, polymer-stabilized liposomes, artificial protein cages, stem cells, DNA architectures, and others.

Functionalized Porous Nanoreactors in Organic Reactions

Functionalized Porous Nanoreactors in Organic Reactions Book
Author : Sadegh Rostamnia,Esmail Doustkhah
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9783659436024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the principles underlying the design, synthesis, and catalytic application of porous nanoreactors. The main points of focus are the key proceedings made over the past one and a half decades in the design and development of mesoporous silica and their application as catalysts in various organic syntheses. The catalytic behaviors of channels of the porous materials containing acidic or basic and metal functions were reviewed. The extent of activity depends on the steric of the nano-channels and chemical or physical properties of the supported functionals.

Supramolecular Catalysts Design Fabrication And Applications

Supramolecular Catalysts  Design  Fabrication  And Applications Book
Author : Wang Leyong,Su Cheng-yong
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2020-03-23
ISBN : 9811217815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Supramolecular Catalysts Design Fabrication And Applications book written by Wang Leyong,Su Cheng-yong, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Core Shell and Yolk Shell Nanocatalysts

Core Shell and Yolk Shell Nanocatalysts Book
Author : Hiromi Yamashita
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-02
ISBN : 9811604630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Core Shell and Yolk Shell Nanocatalysts book written by Hiromi Yamashita, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization

Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Putla Sudarsanam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-29
ISBN : 0128226730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization presents the basic concepts in catalysis (homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic) and the properties of various kinds of heterogeneous solid catalysts, including their structure, porosity, particle size, BET surface area, acid-base, and redox properties. Useful information about biorefineries, types of biomass feedstocks, their structures and properties as well as about several potential catalytic routes for biomass upgrading to useful fuels and chemicals is provided in this book. Importantly, this book covers the most recent developments toward functionalization of various solid catalysts, optimization of catalysts’ properties, developing cascade catalytic strategies, exploring reaction kinetics/mechanisms, and evaluating catalysts’ stability/reusability during biomass upgrading. Current challenges and opportunities for the future biorefineries as well as for the design of advanced functional solid catalysts are critically discussed. Describes catalysis as a promising technology for the development of eco-friendly and economically viable strategies for several important energy and environmental applications. Covers heterogeneous solid catalysts because of their versatile benefits in terms of catalysts’ synthesis, production cost, stability, and reusability as compared to homogeneous liquid catalysts. Provides promising strategies for the design of new catalytic materials, such as carbon materials, metal–organic frameworks, zeolites, and mesoporous silicas. Describes functional solid catalysts for developing one-pot cascade processes for efficient biomass valorization and other vital chemical transformations.

Single stranded RNA phages

Single stranded RNA phages Book
Author : Paul Pumpens
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-03
ISBN : 0429671415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a comprehensive guide to single-stranded RNA phages (family Leviviridae), first discovered in 1961. These phages played a unique role in early studies of molecular biology, the genetic code, translation, replication, suppression of mutations. Special attention is devoted to modern applications of the RNA phages and their products in nanotechnology, vaccinology, gene discovery, evolutionary and environmental studies. Included is an overview of the generation of novel vaccines, gene therapy vectors, drug delivery, and diagnostic tools exploring the role of RNA phage-derived products in the revolutionary progress of the protein tethering and bioimaging protocols. Key Features Presents the first full guide to single-stranded RNA phages Reviews the history of molecular biology summarizing the role RNA phages in the development of the life sciences Demonstrates how RNA phage-derived products have resulted in nanotechnological applications Presents an up-to-date account of the role played by RNA phages in evolutionary and environmental studies

Host Guest Chemistry

Host   Guest Chemistry Book
Author : Brian D. Wagner
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-10-26
ISBN : 3110564394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook addresses the chemical and physicochemical principles of supramolecular host-guest chemistry in solution. It covers the thermodynamics and dynamics of inclusion and highlights several types of organic hosts. Various applications of host-guest chemistry in analytical and environmental chemistry as well as pharmaceutical and chemical industry demonstrate the versatile usability of molecular cages.

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells Book
Author : Fatih Şen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-25
ISBN : 0128217146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells explains nanomaterials and nanocomposites as well as the characterization, manufacturing, and design of alcohol fuel cell applications. The advantages of direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs) are significant for reliable and long-lasting portable power sources used in devices such as mobile phones and computers. Even though substantial improvements have been made in DAFC systems over the last decade, more effort is needed to commercialize DAFCs by producing durable, low-cost, and smaller-sized devices. Nanomaterials have an important role to play in achieving this aim. The use of nanotechnology in DAFCs is vital due to their role in the synthesis of nanocatalysts within the manufacturing process. Lately, nanocatalysts containing carbon such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and carbon nanocoils have also attracted much attention. When compared to traditional materials, carbon-based materials have unique advantages, such as high corrosion resistance, better electrical conductivity, and less catalyst poisoning. This book also covers different aspects of nanocomposites fabrication, including their preparation, design, and characterization techniques for their fuel cell applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers, energy scientists, and electrochemists who are seeking to improve their understanding of how nanomaterials are being used to enhance the efficiency and lower the cost of DAFCs. Shows how nanomaterials are being used for the design and manufacture of DAFCs Explores how nanotechnology is being used to enhance the synthesis and catalysis processes to create the next generation of fuel cells Assesses the major challenges of producing nanomaterial-based DAFCs on an industrial scale

Nanomaterials and Polymer Nanocomposites

Nanomaterials and Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Niranjan Karak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-24
ISBN : 0128146168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials and Polymer Nanocomposites: Raw Materials to Applications brings together the most recent research in nanoparticles and polymer nanocomposites for a range of applications. The book's coverage is comprehensive, starting with synthesis techniques, then moving to characterization and applications of several different classes of nanomaterial and nanoparticle in nanocomposites. By presenting different nanomaterials, such as metal and metal oxides, clay and POSS, carbon nanotubes, cellulose and bio-based polymers in a structured manner, the book enables an efficient comparison of properties and capabilities for these advanced materials, making it relevant both for researchers in an academic environment and also industrial R&D. This book is particularly distinctive because it centers on the raw materials on which the nanocomposites are based, the biological properties of the range of materials discussed, and the environmental and economic considerations of different polymer systems. Presents a thorough, up-to-date review of the latest advances and developments in the field of nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites, with a particular focus on raw materials Includes comprehensive coverage from historical backgrounds, synthesis techniques, characterization, and a detailed look at new and emerging applications for polymer nanocomposites Provides a range of different material classes, including metal and metal oxides, biopolymers, graphene and cellulose, among others

Metal Organic Frameworks as Heterogeneous Catalysts

Metal Organic Frameworks as Heterogeneous Catalysts Book
Author : Fransesc Llabres i Xamena,Jorge Gascon
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2013-07-01
ISBN : 1849737584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis has always been part of the development of mankind; from the fermentation of alcoholic drinks, through the development of fertilisers in the agricultural revolution and production of bulk chemicals in the 20th Century. Today, society demands improved production routes with greater product output and energy efficiency; the ultimate goal to achieving this would be having all catalytic reactions in concert, effectively functioning like a biological cell. Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are a relatively new type of hybrid material. Their crystalline porous structure, built up from organic and inorganic building blocks, presents a vast array of composition, porosity and functionality offering enormous potential in catalytic systems. This book examines the latest research and discovery in the use of MOFs in catalysis, highlighting the extent to which these materials have been embraced by the community. Beyond presenting a digest of recent research by major players in the field, the book presents the strategies behind recent developments, providing a lasting reference for seasoned researchers and newcomers to the field.

Dendrimers

Dendrimers Book
Author : Claudia Maria Simonescu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-04-25
ISBN : 1789230586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dendrimers are defined as nanoscale macromolecules having a particular architecture consisting of treelike arms or branches. They are characterized by special properties that make them promising candidates in medicine, biology, materials science, synthetic organic chemistry, biotechnology, environmental engineering, optics, electronics, catalysis, electrochemistry, photochemistry, and sensors and even for production of cosmetics and personal care products. The dendrimers research field is growing day by day, and scientists are exploring new synthesis and functionalization methods in order to improve and to determine new properties and thus new applications. The main purpose of this book is to highlight the issues regarding properties and applications of dendrimers in the field of biology, medicine, liquid crystal devices, electronics, quantum devices, and self-healing technology.

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 0128110341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Voids in Materials

Voids in Materials Book
Author : Gary M. Gladysz,Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 0128192836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All materials have voids in them, at some scale. Sometimes the voids are ignored, sometimes they are taken into account, and other times they are the focal point of the research. Voids in Materials: From Unavoidable Defects to Designed Cellular Materials takes due notice of all these occurrences, whether designed or unavoidable defects. We define, categorize, and characterize the voids (or empty spaces in materials) and we analyze the effects they have on material properties. This second edition is an updated and expanded central reference for voids in materials and covers all types of voids, intrinsic and intentional, and stochastic and nonstochastic, and the processes and conditions that are needed to create them and is a valuable resource to students in the areas of mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, physics, and chemistry, as well as scientists, researchers, and engineers in industry. the effect of voids in materials; from low volume fraction defects and free volume in polymer networks to high void volume fraction foams and aerogels how and why voids are introduced into materials across the length scales biomaterial design used in vivo for soft, hard, and nerve tissue scaffolds metallic and geopolymeric foams additive manufacturing technologies used to tailor regularity (R) in the cell structure stochastic, nonstochastic, and Voronoi foams the latest techniques for characterizing voids new chapters, covering the Kirkendall effect to create hollow and porous structures, and nanometer scale voids: nanotubes, zeolites, organic frameworks, and nanoporous noble metals

Nano food Engineering

Nano food Engineering Book
Author : Umesh Hebbar,Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-06
ISBN : 3030445526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This extensive and singular work focuses on current applications of nanotechnology in food systems. The functionality and applicability of food-related nanotechnology is covered in depth, presenting a view on the food processing, packaging,storage and safety assessment of nanotechnology in the food industry. Multiple nanostructures are covered, each with their specific ingredient choice, production strategy, functionality and application in food engineering. Individual chapters focus on current processing methods and applications of nanotechnology in foods. Nano-food Engineering Volume One brings together panels of highly accomplished experts in the field of composites, nanotechnology and chemical engineering and food technology. The work encompasses basic studies and addresses novel issues, covering all engineering aspects, opportunities and challenges and solutions of nano-foods.

Catalysis and Kinetics Molecular Level Considerations

Catalysis and Kinetics  Molecular Level Considerations Book
Author : Guy B. Marin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-12-24
ISBN : 0124199941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Chemical Engineering was established in 1960 and is the definitive serial in the area. It is one of great importance to organic chemists, polymer chemists, and many biological scientists. Written by established authorities in the field, the comprehensive reviews combine descriptive chemistry and mechanistic insight and yield an understanding of how the chemistry drives the properties. This volume covers the topic of catalysis and kinetics and aspects in chemical engineering. Control and optimization of process systems Polyelectrolytes Propane dehydrogenation and selective oxidation of hydrogen Chromium catalysts for ethylene polymerization and oligomerization Computational simulation of rare Earth catalysis

Smart Materials Integrated Design Engineering Approaches and Potential Applications

Smart Materials  Integrated Design  Engineering Approaches  and Potential Applications Book
Author : Anca Filimon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-18
ISBN : 1351167944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer-based smart materials have become attractive in recent years due to the fact that polymers are flexible and provide many advantages compared to inorganic smart materials: they are low cost, they are easy to process, and they exhibit good performance at nano- and microscale levels. This volume focuses on a different class of polymers that are used as smart materials in the areas of biotechnology, medicine, and engineering. The volume aims to answer these questions: How do we distinguish ‘smart materials’? and How do they work? The chapters lay the groundwork for assimilation and exploitation of this technological advancement. Four of the key aspects of the approach that the authors have developed throughout this book are highlighted, namely the multidisciplinary exchange of knowledge, exploration of the relationships between multiple scales and their different behaviors, understanding that material properties are dictated at the smallest scale, and, therefore, the recognition that macroscale behavior can be controlled by nanoscale design.

Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry

Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-21
ISBN : 0128155388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, Volume 126, is the definitive series in the field, one that is of great importance to organic chemists, polymer chemists and many biological scientists. Because biology and organic chemistry increasingly intersect, the associated nomenclature is used more frequently in explanations. Updates to this release include sections on The Literature of Heterocyclic Chemistry, Part XVI, 2016, The preparation and properties of heteroarylazulenes and hetero-fused azulenes, Recent developments in pyrazole chemistry, Yne, Ene-Yne Synthetic Approaches to Heterocycles, Appel Salt and Heterocycles: A review of Thirty Years of 4,5-Dichloro-1,2,3-dithiazolium Chloride Chemistry, and more. Written by established authorities in the field, this comprehensive review combines descriptive synthetic chemistry and mechanistic insight to yield an understanding on how chemistry drives the preparation and useful properties of heterocyclic compounds. Considered the definitive serial in the field of heterocyclic chemistry Serves as the go-to reference for organic chemists, polymer chemists and many biological scientists Provides timely, comprehensive reviews written by established authorities in the field Combines descriptive synthetic chemistry and mechanistic insight to enhance understanding on how chemistry drives the preparation and useful properties of heterocyclic compounds

Industrial Catalysis and Separations

Industrial Catalysis and Separations Book
Author : K. V. Raghavan,B. M. Reddy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-01
ISBN : 1482234262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in the identified areas. In addition, a thorough and updated coverage of the traditional aspects of heterogeneous catalysis such as preparation, characterization and use in well-established technologies such as nitration, ammoxidation and hydrofluorination is included. This book incorporates appropriate case studies, explanatory notes, and schematics for more clarity and better understanding.

Supramolecular Chemistry in the 3rd Millennium

Supramolecular Chemistry in the 3rd Millennium Book
Author : Catherine E. Housecroft
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-08-18
ISBN : 3036514635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue is one of the first for the new MDPI flagship journal Chemistry (ISSN 2624-8549) which has a broad remit for publishing original research in all areas of chemistry. The theme of this issue is Supramolecular Chemistry in the 3rd Millennium and I am sure that this topic will attract many exciting contributions. We chose this topic because it encompasses the unity of contemporary pluridisciplinary science, in which organic, inorganic, physical and theoretical chemists work together with molecular biologists and physicists to develop a systems-level understanding of molecular interactions. The description of supramolecular chemistry as 'chemistry beyond the molecule' (Jean-Marie Lehn, Nobel Lecture and Gautam R. Desiraju, Nature, 2001, 412, 397) addresses the wide variety of weak, non-covalent interactions that are the basis for the assembly of supramolecular architectures, molecular receptors and molecular recognition, programed molecular systems, dynamic combinatorial libraries, coordination networks and functional supramolecular materials. We welcome submissions from all disciplines involved in this exciting and evolving area of science.