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Organic Flexible Electronics

Organic Flexible Electronics Book
Author : Piero Cosseddu,Mario Caironi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-07
ISBN : 012818891X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic Electronics is a novel field of electronics that has gained an incredible attention over the past few decades. New materials, device architectures and applications have been continuously introduced by the academic and also industrial communities, and novel topics have raised strong interest in such communities, as molecular doping, thermoelectrics, bioelectronics and many others. Organic Flexible Electronics is mainly divided into three sections. The first part is focused on the fundamentals of organic electronics, such as charge transport models in these systems and new approaches for the design and synthesis of novel molecules. The first section addresses the main challenges that are still open in this field, including the important role of interfaces for achieving high-performing devices or the novel approaches employed for improving reliability issues. The second part discusses the most innovative devices which have been developed in recent years, such as devices for energy harvesting, flexible batteries, high frequency circuits, and flexible devices for tattoo electronics and bioelectronics. Finally the book reviews the most important applications moving from more standard flexible back panels to wearable and textile electronics and more futuristic applications like ingestible systems. Reviews the fundamental properties and methods for optimizing organic electronic materials including chemical doping and techniques to address stability issues; Discusses the most promising organic electronic devices for energy, electronics, and biomedical applications; Addresses key applications of organic electronic devices in imagers, wearable electronics, bioelectronics.

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics Materials Manufacturing and Applications

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics  Materials  Manufacturing and Applications Book
Author : Stergios Logothetidis
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-12-19
ISBN : 9780081014288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic flexible electronics represent a highly promising technology that will provide increased functionality and the potential to meet future challenges of scalability, flexibility, low power consumption, light weight, and reduced cost. They will find new applications because they can be used with curved surfaces and incorporated in to a number of products that could not support traditional electronics. The book covers device physics, processing and manufacturing technologies, circuits and packaging, metrology and diagnostic tools, architectures, and systems engineering. Part one covers the production, properties and characterisation of flexible organic materials and part two looks at applications for flexible organic devices. Reviews the properties and production of various flexible organic materials.Describes the integration technologies of flexible organic electronics and their manufacturing methods.Looks at the application of flexible organic materials in smart integrated systems and circuits, chemical sensors, microfluidic devices, organic non-volatile memory devices, and printed batteries and other power storage devices.

Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics

Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics Book
Author : Eugenio Cantatore
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-30
ISBN : 146143159X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on various "substrate independent, large throughput" technologies: techniques that are able to build electronics on cheap, low cost, flexible and temperature sensitive substrates, like PEN or other plastic foils, and using inexpensive and large throughput methods like printing. Most of these technologies, in fact, have the potential to enable the revolutionary applications that will be discussed in the book. The book therefore goes beyond "organic" technologies, i.e. technologies that use functional organic materials (namely semiconductors), to explore a broader and even more interesting area of research. The book presents a comprehensive landscape of the new applications enabled by substrate independent, high throughput electronic technologies and their business potential. It explains the link between innovation in technology and in products. It also provides the reader with a clear understanding of the technology and the research challenges in the field. The book is divided in two parts. The first is devoted to applications where the most important selling point is large area. To this domain belong roll-up, flexible and emissive displays based on organic devices (used in backplanes or as display medium), unobtrusive electronics enabling ambient intelligence applications, and the increasingly important photovoltaic applications. The second part is devoted to applications where cost reduction is the main factor. RFIDs, smart labels, organic sensors and printed sensor system belong to this domain. A chapter is devoted to each different application. Each chapter is originally developed for the book by (a group of) world-wide recognized experts in the specific field of application.

Flexible Electronics

Flexible Electronics Book
Author : William S. Wong,Alberto Salleo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-04-09
ISBN : 9780387743639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This excellent volume covers a range of materials used for flexible electronics, including semiconductors, dielectrics, and metals. The functional integration of these different materials is treated as well. Fundamental issues for both organic and inorganic materials systems are included. A corresponding overview of technological applications, based on each materials system, is presented to give both the non-specialist and the researcher in the field relevant information on the status of the flexible electronics area.

Organic Electronics

Organic Electronics Book
Author : Hagen Klauk
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-12-13
ISBN : 3527608621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited and written by the leading researchers and engineers from such companies as Philips, 3M, Xerox, Infineon, PlasticLogic, Eastman Kodak, Dupont, AIXTRON, and Hueck Folien, this book presents unrivalled and undiluted expertise from those who know best how to assess the risks, opportunities and where this technology is really heading. As such, this practical approach complements the more scientific and fundamentals-oriented literature on the market by providing readers with a first-hand insight into industrial activities to commercialize organic electronics. Following an introduction to the topic, including the history, motivation, benefits and potentials, it reviews recent advances and covers all three important facets of organic electronics: the chemical compounds and materials, manufacturing techniques, and the resulting devices together with their current applications.

Flexible Carbon based Electronics

Flexible Carbon based Electronics Book
Author : Paolo Samorí,Vincenzo Palermo,Xinliang Feng
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2019-01-04
ISBN : 3527341919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third volume in the Advanced Nanocarbon Materials series covers the topic of flexible electronics both from a materials and an applications perspective. Comprehensive in its scope, the monograph examines organic, inorganic and composite materials with a section devoted to carbon-based materials with a special focus on the generation and properties of 2D materials. It also presents carbon modifications and derivatives, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide and diamonds. In terms of the topical applications covered these include, but are not limited to, flexible displays, organic electronics, transistors, integrated circuits, semiconductors and solar cells. These offer perspectives for today?s energy and healthcare challenges, such as electrochemical energy storage and wearable devices. Finally, a section on fundamental properties and characterization approaches of flexible electronics rounds off the book. Each contribution points out the importance of the structure-function relationship for the target-oriented fabrication of electronic devices, enabling the design of complex components.

Printed Electronics

Printed Electronics Book
Author : Zheng Cui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-26
ISBN : 1118920929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the newly emerged and highly interdisciplinary field of printed electronics • Provides an overview of the latest developments and research results in the field of printed electronics • Topics addressed include: organic printable electronic materials, inorganic printable electronic materials, printing processes and equipments for electronic manufacturing, printable transistors, printable photovoltaic devices, printable lighting and display, encapsulation and packaging of printed electronic devices, and applications of printed electronics • Discusses the principles of the above topics, with support of examples and graphic illustrations • Serves both as an advanced introductory to the topic and as an aid for professional development into the new field • Includes end of chapter references and links to further reading

Organic Transistors for Flexible Electronics

Organic Transistors for Flexible Electronics Book
Author : Yoonyoung Chung
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic semiconductors have shown promising potentials in flexible electronics. Because the materials can be directly fabricated on flexible plastic substrates at low temperatures, researchers envision development of novel flexible applications, such as flexible displays, flexible circuits, and conformal sensors. In order to develop these practical devices, organic transistor technologies should provide reliable fabrication processes and mature techniques to control the electrical characteristics of each device. In this dissertation, I will discuss several methods to overcome these issues. First, I have demonstrated high-capacitance gate dielectric using atomic layer deposition. This low-temperature process was used to fabricate low-voltage and high-performance flexible organic transistors and inverters. I will also present controlling current-voltage characteristics of organic transistors from the device physics point of view.

Flexible Electronics 2004 Materials and Device Technology

Flexible Electronics 2004   Materials and Device Technology  Book
Author : Norbert Fruehauf,Babu R. Chalamala,Bruce E. Gnade,Jin Jang
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-06-05
ISBN : 9781107409217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flexible electronics is a multidisciplinary research topic which covers the entire spectrum, from materials and processes for manufacturing thin layers of organic and inorganic semiconductors, dielectrics and other functional layers on thin and flexible substrates, to dedicated concepts and design methods for implementing complete electronic systems on flexible substrates. Specifically, this includes research and development in the fields of flexible interconnects, organic and inorganic TFT processes and displays, and sensor and photovoltaics concepts. All must find compatibility with the constraints of flexible substrates, such as low thermal budget, low dimensional stability and mechanical stresses. The synergy between materials, device and system technologies will be the primary driver for pushing large-area flexible electronics and optoelectronics into mass-market applications with bright commercial prospects. While the primary emphasis of the book is on materials and device technologies, several presentations focus on business aspects of flexible electronics. Topics include: silicon TFT processing and characteristics; flexible Si TFT circuits; organic TFTs; flexible displays - OLEDs; and organic electronics and optoelectronics.

Large Area and Flexible Electronics

Large Area and Flexible Electronics Book
Author : Mario Caironi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-05-04
ISBN : 3527336397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From materials to applications, this ready reference covers the entire value chain from fundamentals via processing right up to devices, presenting different approaches to large-area electronics, thus enabling readers to compare materials, properties and performance. Divided into two parts, the first focuses on the materials used for the electronic functionality, covering organic and inorganic semiconductors, including vacuum and solution-processed metal-oxide semiconductors, nanomembranes and nanocrystals, as well as insulators and barrier materials. The second part reviews the devices and applications of large-area electronics, including large-area printed circuits for ambient electronics, flexible and ultra-high-resolution displays, light-emitting transistors, organic and inorganic photovoltaics, bio-sensors and nonvolatile memories. With its academic and industrial viewpoints, this volume provides in-depth knowledge for experienced researchers while also serving as a first-stop resource for those entering the field.

Solution Processed Organic Semiconductor Thin film Transistors for Flexible Electronics

Solution Processed Organic Semiconductor Thin film Transistors for Flexible Electronics Book
Author : Zihong Liu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic or carbon electronics has been a fast-growing field in recent years covering a broad range from nanoelectronic devices to macroelectronic systems. Besides the single-graphene or single-carbon nanotube transistor toward extending the scaling limit of traditional silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET), organic semiconductor based thin-film transistors have been actively investigated due to their promise in large-area electronics fabricated on flexible substrates using low-cost unconventional means, such as low/room-temperature printing and roll-to-roll processing. This dissertation focuses on the study of device physics, device modeling, fabrication technology, and interface engineering for solution-processed organic field-effect transistors (SPOFET) for flexible electronics applications. There are primarily four parts of contributions originated from this dissertation work. The first part introduces the design and demonstration of high-performance, low-voltage flexible SPOFETs fabricated on plastic substrates with a carrier mobility over 0.2 cm2/Vs, a turn-on voltage of near 0 V, and a record low subthreshold slope of ~80 mV/dec in ambient conditions. These exceptional characteristics are achieved by novel device architecture design, 3-D statistical modeling for solution-shearing process optimization, and phenyl-terminated self-assembled monolayer (SAM) based interface engineering. In the second part, SAM relevant physical effects and chemistry effects at the organic semiconductor-dielectric interface are systematically investigated. Through careful selection of a group of phenyl-terminated SAMs, we elucidate how the performance and reliability of organic transistors are controlled by the critical semiconductor-dielectric interfacial SAMs. In addition, we briefly introduce a spin-coating process for depositing high-quality phenyl-terminated SAMs for organic electronics applications. The third part focuses on the device physics and device modeling of organic transistors. In this dissertation work, we have proposed and developed a universal physical model for organic transistors by incorporating both the charge injection effects and charge transport properties, and successfully applied it to resolve many elusive physical phenomena observed so far, such as the peculiar mobility scaling behavior with respect to the channel length, the contact resistance effect, and the mysterious surface potential profiles of organic transistors which have been experimentally probed yet poorly understood. Of particular importance is that we discover an overshoot region in the mobility scaling behavior and identified the existence of a critical channel length for the peak field-effect mobility. In the last part, we investigate novel contact engineering for organic transistors toward lowering charge injection barrier and reducing the interfacial disorder width or localization states. We have explored and demonstrated Fermi-level depinning at the metal-organic interface for low-resistance Ohmic contacts by inserting an ultrathin interfacial Si3N4 insulator in between. The contact behavior is successfully tuned from rectifying to quasi-Ohmic and to tunneling by varying the Si3N4 thickness within 0-6 nm. Detailed physical mechanisms of Fermi-level pinning/depinning responsible for the metal-organic semiconductor contact behavior are clarified based on a proposed lumped-dipole model.

Introduction to Printed Electronics

Introduction to Printed Electronics Book
Author : Katsuaki Suganuma
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-01-24
ISBN : 146149625X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes in detail modern technologies for printed electronics, explaining how nanotechnology and modern printing technology are merging to revolutionize electronics fabrication of thin, lightweight, large and inexpensive products. Readers will benefit from the explanations of materials, devices and circuits used to design and implement the latest applications of printed electronics, such as thin flexible OLED displays, organic solar cells, OLED lighting, smart wallpaper, sensors, logic, memory and more.

Organic and Printed Electronics

Organic and Printed Electronics Book
Author : Giovanni Nisato,Donald Lupo,Simone Ganz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 981466975X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of organic and printed electronics is well established in terms of academic, scientific, and technological research but is still an emerging one in terms of mass industrial applications such as OLED displays and lighting and organic photovoltaics. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to organic and printed electronics, their fundamental aspects, core technologies, and applications, and it is the first book of its kind specifically designed to address students in their final undergraduate or beginning graduate studies, as well as engineers interested in approaching this field.

Hybrid Nanomaterials

Hybrid Nanomaterials Book
Author : Rafael Vargas-Bernal,Peng He,Shuye Zhang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-06-10
ISBN : 1838803378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two of the hottest research topics today are hybrid nanomaterials and flexible electronics. As such, this book covers both topics with chapters written by experts from across the globe. Chapters address hybrid nanomaterials, electronic transport in black phosphorus, three-dimensional nanocarbon hybrids, hybrid ion exchangers, pressure-sensitive adhesives for flexible electronics, simulation and modeling of transistors, smart manufacturing technologies, and inorganic semiconductors.

Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration

Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration Book
Author : Flora Li,Arokia Nathan,Yiliang Wu,Beng S. Ong
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2011-05-16
ISBN : 9783527409594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on organic electronics (or plastic electronics) is driven by the need to create systems that are lightweight, unbreakable, and mechanically flexible. With the remarkable improvement in the performance of organic semiconductor materials during the past few decades, organic electronics appeal to innovative, practical, and broad-impact applications requiring large-area coverage, mechanical flexibility, low-temperature processing, and low cost. Thus, organic electronics appeal to a broad range of electronic devices and products including transistors, diodes, sensors, solar cells, lighting, displays, and electronic identification and tracking devices A number of commercial opportunities have been identified for organic thin film transistors (OTFTs), ranging from flexible displays, electronic paper, radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags, smart cards, to low-cost disposable electronic products, and more are continually being invented as the technology matures. The potential applications for "plastic electronics" are huge but several technological hurdles must be overcome. In many of these applications, transistor serves as a fundamental building block to implement the necessary electronic functionality. Hence, research in organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) or organic field effect transistors (OFETs) is eminently pertinent to the development and realization of organic electronics. This book presents a comprehensive investigation of the production and application of a variety of polymer based transistor devices and circuits. It begins with a detailed overview of Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs) and discusses the various possible fabrication methods reported so far. This is followed by two major sections on the choice, optimization and implementation of the gate dielectric material to be used. Details of the effects of processing on the efficiency of the contacts are then provided. The book concludes with a chapter on the integration of such devices to produce a variety of OTFT based circuits and systems. The key objective is to examine strategies to exploit existing materials and techniques to advance OTFT technology in device performance, device manufacture, and device integration. Finally, the collective knowledge from these investigations facilitates the integration of OTFTs into organic circuits, which is expected to contribute to the development of new generation of all-organic displays for communication devices and other pertinent applications. Overall, a major outcome of this work is that it provides an economical means for organic transistor and circuit integration, by enabling the use of a well-established PECVD infrastructure, while not compromising the performance of electronics. The techniques established here are not limited to use in OTFTs only; the organic semiconductor and SiNx combination can be used in other device structures (e.g., sensors, diodes, photovoltaics). Furthermore, the approach and strategy used for interface optimization can be extended to the development of other materials systems.

Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology

Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology Book
Author : Ruth Shinar,Joseph Shinar
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2009-07-09
ISBN : 0071596763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest in organic electronics-based sensing and biotechnology Develop high-performance, field-deployable organic semiconductor-based biological, chemical, and physical sensor arrays using the comprehensive information contained in this definitive volume. Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology presents state-of-the-art technology alongside real-world applications and ongoing R & D. Learn about light, temperature, and pressure monitors, integrated flexible pyroelectric sensors, sensing of organic and inorganic compounds, and design of compact photoluminescent sensors. You will also get full details on organic lasers, organic electronics in memory elements, disease and pathogen detection, and conjugated polymers for advancing cellular biology. Monitor organic and inorganic compounds with OFETs Characterize organic materials using impedance spectroscopy Work with organic LEDs, photodetectors, and photovoltaic cells Form flexible pyroelectric sensors integrated with OFETs Build PL-based chemical and biological sensing modules and arrays Design organic semiconductor lasers and memory elements Use luminescent conjugated polymers as optical biosensors Deploy polymer-based switches and ion pumps at the microfluidic level

Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration

Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration Book
Author : Flora Li,Arokia Nathan,Yiliang Wu,Beng S. Ong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-21
ISBN : 9783527634453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on organic electronics (or plastic electronics) is driven by the need to create systems that are lightweight, unbreakable, and mechanically flexible. With the remarkable improvement in the performance of organic semiconductor materials during the past few decades, organic electronics appeal to innovative, practical, and broad-impact applications requiring large-area coverage, mechanical flexibility, low-temperature processing, and low cost. Thus, organic electronics appeal to a broad range of electronic devices and products including transistors, diodes, sensors, solar cells, lighting, displays, and electronic identification and tracking devices A number of commercial opportunities have been identified for organic thin film transistors (OTFTs), ranging from flexible displays, electronic paper, radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags, smart cards, to low-cost disposable electronic products, and more are continually being invented as the technology matures. The potential applications for "plastic electronics" are huge but several technological hurdles must be overcome. In many of these applications, transistor serves as a fundamental building block to implement the necessary electronic functionality. Hence, research in organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) or organic field effect transistors (OFETs) is eminently pertinent to the development and realization of organic electronics. This book presents a comprehensive investigation of the production and application of a variety of polymer based transistor devices and circuits. It begins with a detailed overview of Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs) and discusses the various possible fabrication methods reported so far. This is followed by two major sections on the choice, optimization and implementation of the gate dielectric material to be used. Details of the effects of processing on the efficiency of the contacts are then provided. The book concludes with a chapter on the integration of such devices to produce a variety of OTFT based circuits and systems. The key objective is to examine strategies to exploit existing materials and techniques to advance OTFT technology in device performance, device manufacture, and device integration. Finally, the collective knowledge from these investigations facilitates the integration of OTFTs into organic circuits, which is expected to contribute to the development of new generation of all-organic displays for communication devices and other pertinent applications. Overall, a major outcome of this work is that it provides an economical means for organic transistor and circuit integration, by enabling the use of a well-established PECVD infrastructure, while not compromising the performance of electronics. The techniques established here are not limited to use in OTFTs only; the organic semiconductor and SiNx combination can be used in other device structures (e.g., sensors, diodes, photovoltaics). Furthermore, the approach and strategy used for interface optimization can be extended to the development of other materials systems.

Materials and Technologies for Flexible and Printed Electronics

Materials and Technologies for Flexible and Printed Electronics Book
Author : Liang Liang Chen
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-04-07
ISBN : 3038268925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flexible and printed electronics are rather new fields in China. In particular, the term of “printed electronics” was almost unheard of in China five years ago when Professor Cui setup the first research center dedicated to the R&D of this technology. The collection includes selected peer reviewed papers form the 5th International Conference on Flexible and Printed Electronics (ICFPE) was successfully held in Beijing on 21-23 October 2014. The 39 papers share the newest ideas in the fields of followed: Synthesis and characterization of organic and inorganic electronics materials for printed electronics; Ink formulation of nanomaterials and applications in printed electronics; Solution-processing and/or printing of organic and inorganic thin film transistors, solar cells and light emitting devices; Organic and inorganic flexible electronic devices and displays; Flexible and plastic sensors and their applications; Processes, techniques and equipment for printed electronics; Design of flexible and printable electronic systems; Manufacturing of printed circuit (PCB) boards and RFID antennas; Packaging and encapsulation of OLED/OPV and printed electronic devices.

Organic Electronics Materials and Devices

Organic Electronics Materials and Devices Book
Author : Shuichiro Ogawa
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-18
ISBN : 4431556540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an introductory text for graduate students, researchers in industries, and those who are just beginning to work on organic electronics materials, devices and their applications. The book includes mainly fundamental principles and theories for understanding organic electronics materials and devices, but also provides information about state-of-the-art technologies, applications and future prospects. These topics encompass physics for organic transistors, structure control technologies of polymer semiconductors, nanomaterials electronics, organic solar cells, organic electroluminescence, liquid semiconductors and dynamics for excitation, among others. This book will help researchers to be able to contribute to society with the technologies and science of organic electronics materials in the future.