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Optics Of Charged Particles

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Optics of Charged Particles

Optics of Charged Particles Book
Author : Hermann Wollnik
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-23
ISBN : 012821466X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optics of Charged Particles, 2nd edition, describes how charged particles move in the fields of magnetic and electrostatic dipoles, quadrupoles, higher order multipoles, and field-free regions. Since the first edition, published over 30 years ago, new technologies have emerged and have been used for new ion optical instruments like, for instance, time-of-flight mass analyzers, which are described now. Fully updated and revised, this new edition provides ways to design mass separators, spectrographs, and spectrometers, which are the key tools in organic chemistry and for drug developments, in environmental trace analyses and for investigations in nuclear physics like the search for super heavy elements as well as molecules in space science. The book discusses individual particle trajectories as well as particle beams in space and in phase-space, and it provides guidelines for the design of particle optical instruments. For experienced researchers, working in the field, it highlights the latest developments in new ion optical instruments and provides guidelines and examples for the design of new instruments for the transport of beams of charged particles and the mass/charge or energy/charge analyses of ions. Furthermore, it provides background knowledge required to accurately understand and analyze results, when developing ion-optical instruments. By providing a comprehensive overview of the field of charged particle optics, this edition of the book supports all those working, directly or indirectly, with charged-particle research or the development of ion- and electron-analyzing instruments. Provides enhanced, clear descriptions, and derivations making complex aspects of the general motion of charged particles understandable as well as features of charged particle analyzing instruments Assists the reader in applying insights obtained from the principles of charged particle optics to the design of new transporting and mass- or energy-analyzing instruments for ions Discusses new applications and newly occurring issues, which have arisen since the first edition

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Harald H. Rose
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009
ISBN : 3540859152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This resource covering all theoretical aspects of modern geometrical charged-particle optics is aimed at anyone involved in the design of electron optical instruments and beam-guiding systems for charged particles.

Applied Charged Particle Optics

Applied Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Helmut Liebl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-12
ISBN : 3540719253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by a pioneer in the field, this overview of charged particle optics provides a solid introduction to the subject area for all physicists wishing to design their own apparatus or better understand the instruments with which they work. It begins by introducing electrostatic lenses and fields used for acceleration, focusing and deflection of ions or electrons. Subsequent chapters give detailed descriptions of electrostatic deflection elements, uniform and non-uniform magnetic sector fields, image aberrations, and, finally, fringe field confinement.

Charged Particle Optics Theory

Charged Particle Optics Theory Book
Author : Timothy R. Groves
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1482229951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction identifies the most important concepts of charged particle optics theory, and derives each mathematically from the first principles of physics. Assuming an advanced undergraduate-level understanding of calculus, this book follows a logical progression, with each concept building upon the preceding one. Beginning with a non-mathematical survey of the optical nature of a charged particle beam, the text: Discusses both geometrical and wave optics, as well as the correspondence between them Describes the two-body scattering problem, which is essential to the interaction of a fast charged particle with matter Introduces electron emission as a practical consequence of quantum mechanics Addresses the Fourier transform and the linear second-order differential equation Includes problems to amplify and fill in the theoretical details, with solutions presented separately Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction makes an ideal textbook as well as a convenient reference on the theoretical origins of the optics of charged particle beams. It is intended to prepare the reader to understand the large body of published research in this mature field, with the end result translated immediately to practical application.

Focusing of Charged Particles

Focusing of Charged Particles Book
Author : Albert Septier
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323148468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing of Charged Particles, Volume II presents the aspects of particle optics, including the electron, the ion optical domains, and the accelerator field. This book provides a detailed analysis of the principles of the laws of propagation of beams. Comprised of three parts encompassing three chapters, this volume starts with an overview of how a beam of charged particles traverses a region that is at a uniform, constant, electrostatic potential. This book then discusses the principle of charge repulsion effect by which the space charge of the beam modifies the potential in the region that it traverses. Other chapters examine the general design techniques and performances obtainable for electron guns applicable for use in initiating a beam for linear beam tubes that is given in a condensed form. The last chapter deals with the two stable charged particles that can be accelerated, namely, protons and electrons. This book is a valuable resource to physicists, accelerator experts, and experimenters in search of interactions in the detector target.

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Jon Orloff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351835777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the growing proliferation of nanotechnologies, powerful imaging technologies are being developed to operate at the sub-nanometer scale. The newest edition of a bestseller, the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics, Second Edition provides essential background information for the design and operation of high resolution focused probe instruments. The book’s unique approach covers both the theoretical and practical knowledge of high resolution probe forming instruments. The second edition features new chapters on aberration correction and applications of gas phase field ionization sources. With the inclusion of additional references to past and present work in the field, this second edition offers perfectly calibrated coverage of the field’s cutting-edge technologies with added insight into how they work. Written by the leading research scientists, the second edition of the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics is a complete guide to understanding, designing, and using high resolution probe instrumentation.

Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Charged Particles

Atomic  Molecular  and Optical Physics  Charged Particles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1995-11-29
ISBN : 9780080860176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With this volume, Methods of Experimental Physics becomes Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, a name change which reflects the evolution of todays science. This volume is the first of three which will provide a comprehensive treatment of the key experimental methods of atomic, molecular, and optical physics; the three volumes as a set will form an excellent experimental handbook for the field. The wide availability of tunable lasers in the pastseveral years has revolutionized the field and lead to the introduction of many new experimental methods that are covered in these volumes. Traditional methods are also included to ensure that the volumes will be a complete reference source for the field.

Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams

Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams Book
Author : Martin Reiser
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-09-26
ISBN : 3527617639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although particle accelerators are the book's main thrust, it offers a broad synoptic description of beams which applies to a wide range of other devices such as low-energy focusing and transport systems and high-power microwave sources. Develops material from first principles, basic equations and theorems in a systematic way. Assumptions and approximations are clearly indicated. Discusses underlying physics and validity of theoretical relationships, design formulas and scaling laws. Features a significant amount of recent work including image effects and the Boltzmann line charge density profiles in bunched beams.

Electron and Ion Optics

Electron and Ion Optics Book
Author : Miklos Szilagyi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461309239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of electron and ion optics is based on the analogy between geometrical light optics and the motion of charged particles in electromagnetic fields. The spectacular development of the electron microscope clearly shows the possibilities of image formation by charged particles of wavelength much shorter than that of visible light. As new applications such as particle accelerators, cathode ray tubes, mass and energy spectrometers, microwave tubes, scanning-type analytical instruments, heavy beam technologies, etc. emerged, the scope of particle beam optics has been exten ded to the formation of fine probes. The goal is to concentrate as many particles as possible in as small a volume as possible. Fabrication of microcircuits is a good example of the growing importance of this field. The current trend is towards increased circuit complexity and pattern density. Because of the diffraction limitation of processes using optical photons and the technological difficulties connected with x-ray processes, charged particle beams are becoming popular. With them it is possible to write directly on a wafer under computer control, without using a mask. Focused ion beams offer especially great possibilities in the submicron region. Therefore, electron and ion beam technologies will most probably playa very important role in the next twenty years or so.

Measurement and Control of Charged Particle Beams

Measurement and Control of Charged Particle Beams Book
Author : Michiko G. Minty,Frank Zimmermann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 366208581X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the reviews: "This book is a very welcome and valuable addition to the accelerator literature. As noted by the authors, there is relatively little material in the book specifically for low-energy machines, but industrial users may still find it useful to read." Cern Courier

Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators

Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics  Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators Book
Author : Ramaswamy Jagannathan,Sameen Ahmed Khan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-20
ISBN : 1351868284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classical Charged Particle Beam Optics used in the design and operation of all present-day charged particle beam devices, from low energy electron microscopes to high energy particle accelerators, is entirely based on classical mechanics. A question of curiosity is: How is classical charged particle beam optics so successful in practice though the particles of the beam, like electrons, are quantum mechanical? Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics answers this question with a comprehensive formulation of ‘Quantum Charged Particle Beam Optics’ applicable to any charged particle beam device.

The Electrostatic Accelerator

The Electrostatic Accelerator Book
Author : Ragnar Hellborg,Harry J Whitlow
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2019-03-08
ISBN : 1643273566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrostatic Accelerators have been at the forefront of modern technology since the development by Sir John Cockroft and Ernest Walton in 1932 of the first accelerator, which was the first to achieve nuclear transmutation and earned them the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1951. The applications of Cockroft and Walton's development have been far reaching, even into our kitchens where it is employed to generate the high voltage needed for the magnetron in microwave ovens. Other electrostatic accelerator related Nobel prize winning developments that have had a major socio-economic impact are; the electron microscope where the beams of electrons are produced by an electrostatic accelerator, X-rays and computer tomography (CT) scanners where the X-rays are produced using an electron accelerator and microelectronic technology where ion implantation is used to dope the semiconductor chips which form the basis of our computers, mobile phones and entertainment systems. Although the Electrostatic Accelerator field is over 90 years old, and only a handful of accelerators are used for their original purpose in nuclear physics, the field and the number of accelerators is growing more rapidly than ever. The objective of this book is to collect together the basic science and technology that underlies the Electrostatic Accelerator field so it can serve as a handbook, reference guide and textbook for accelerator engineers as well as students and researchers who work with Electrostatic Accelerators.

Principles of Charged Particle Acceleration

Principles of Charged Particle Acceleration Book
Author : Stanley Humphries
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2013-09-11
ISBN : 0486320634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This authoritative text offers a unified, programmed summary of the principles underlying all charged particle accelerators — it also doubles as a reference collection of equations and material essential to accelerator development and beam applications. The only text that covers linear induction accelerators, the work contains straightforward expositions of basic principles rather than detailed theories of specialized areas. 1986 edition.

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Book
Author : Mikhail Yavor
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780123747686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics merges two long-running serials--Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics and Advances in Optical and Electron Microscopy. This series features extended articles on the physics of electron devices (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at high and low energies, microlithography, image science and digital image processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing methods used in all these domains. * Contributions from leading international scholars and industry experts * Discusses hot topic areas and presents current and future research trends * Invaluable reference and guide for physicists, engineers and mathematicians

Charged Particle Optics Theory

Charged Particle Optics Theory Book
Author : Timothy R. Groves
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351831208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction identifies the most important concepts of charged particle optics theory, and derives each mathematically from the first principles of physics. Assuming an advanced undergraduate-level understanding of calculus, this book follows a logical progression, with each concept building upon the preceding one. Beginning with a non-mathematical survey of the optical nature of a charged particle beam, the text: Discusses both geometrical and wave optics, as well as the correspondence between them Describes the two-body scattering problem, which is essential to the interaction of a fast charged particle with matter Introduces electron emission as a practical consequence of quantum mechanics Addresses the Fourier transform and the linear second-order differential equation Includes problems to amplify and fill in the theoretical details, with solutions presented separately Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction makes an ideal textbook as well as a convenient reference on the theoretical origins of the optics of charged particle beams. It is intended to prepare the reader to understand the large body of published research in this mature field, with the end result translated immediately to practical application.

Particle Accelerator Physics

Particle Accelerator Physics Book
Author : Helmut Wiedemann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3662029030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Particle Accelerator Physics covers the dynamics of relativistic particle beams, basics of particle guidance and focusing, lattice design, characteristics of beam transport systems and circular accelerators. Particle-beam optics is treated in the linear approximation including sextupoles to correct for chromatic aberrations. Perturbations to linear beam dynamics are analyzed in detail and correction measures are discussed, while basic lattice design features and building blocks leading to the design of more complicated beam transport systems and circular accelerators are studied. Characteristics of synchrotron radiation and quantum effects due to the statistical emission of photons on particle trajectories are derived and applied to determine particle-beam parameters. The discussions specifically concentrate on relativistic particle beams and the physics of beam optics in beam transport systems and circular accelerators such as synchrotrons and storage rings. This book forms a broad basis for further, more detailed studies of nonlinear beam dynamics and associated accelerator physics problems, discussed in the subsequent volume.

Charged Particles

Charged Particles Book
Author : Malek Maaza,Mahmoud Izerrouken
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-02-20
ISBN : 1789853958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A charged particle is a particle that carries an electric charge and can be discussed in many aspects. This book focuses on cutting-edge and important research topics such as flavor physics to search for new physics via charged particles that appear in different extensions of the standard model, as well as the analysis of ultra-high energy muons using the pair-meter technique. Also included in this book are the idea of the Eloisatron to PeVatron, the important research field of electrostatic waves in magnetized electron/positron plasmas, and the application of charge bodies.

Physics for Chemists

Physics for Chemists Book
Author : Ruslan P. Ozerov,Anatoli A. Vorobyev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-04-10
ISBN : 9780080471327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of science, technology and industry in the near future requires new materials and devices, which will differ in many aspects from that of past years. This is due to the fact that many sophisticated processes and new materials are being invented. The computer engineering field is a typical example. The main building block for these achievements is science, and leading it is physics, which provides the foundation for the chemical, biological and atomic industries. Physics for Chemists contains many instructive examples complete with detailed analysis and tutorials to evaluate the student's level of understanding. Specifically it is focused to give a robust and relevant background to chemistry students and to eliminate those aspects of physics which are not relevant to these students. This book is aimed at chemistry students and researches who would by using the book, not only be able to perform relevant physical experiments, but would then also be in a position to provide a well founded explanation of the results. * Fundamental principles of modern physics are explained in parallel with their applications to chemistry and technology * Large number of practical examples and tasks * Presentation of new aspects of chemical science and technology e.g. nanotechnology and synthesis of new magnetic materials

The Physics of Charged particle Beams

The Physics of Charged particle Beams Book
Author : J. D. Lawson
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Physics of Charged particle Beams book written by J. D. Lawson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Jon Orloff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1420045555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the growing proliferation of nanotechnologies, powerful imaging technologies are being developed to operate at the sub-nanometer scale. The newest edition of a bestseller, the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics, Second Edition provides essential background information for the design and operation of high resolution focused probe instruments. The book’s unique approach covers both the theoretical and practical knowledge of high resolution probe forming instruments. The second edition features new chapters on aberration correction and applications of gas phase field ionization sources. With the inclusion of additional references to past and present work in the field, this second edition offers perfectly calibrated coverage of the field’s cutting-edge technologies with added insight into how they work. Written by the leading research scientists, the second edition of the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics is a complete guide to understanding, designing, and using high resolution probe instrumentation.