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Optics Of Charged Particles

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Optics of Charged Particles

Optics of Charged Particles Book
Author : Hermann Wollnik
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-23
ISBN : 012821466X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optics of Charged Particles, 2nd edition, describes how charged particles move in the fields of magnetic and electrostatic dipoles, quadrupoles, higher order multipoles, and field-free regions. Since the first edition, published over 30 years ago, new technologies have emerged and have been used for new ion optical instruments like, for instance, time-of-flight mass analyzers, which are described now. Fully updated and revised, this new edition provides ways to design mass separators, spectrographs, and spectrometers, which are the key tools in organic chemistry and for drug developments, in environmental trace analyses and for investigations in nuclear physics like the search for super heavy elements as well as molecules in space science. The book discusses individual particle trajectories as well as particle beams in space and in phase-space, and it provides guidelines for the design of particle optical instruments. For experienced researchers, working in the field, it highlights the latest developments in new ion optical instruments and provides guidelines and examples for the design of new instruments for the transport of beams of charged particles and the mass/charge or energy/charge analyses of ions. Furthermore, it provides background knowledge required to accurately understand and analyze results, when developing ion-optical instruments. By providing a comprehensive overview of the field of charged particle optics, this edition of the book supports all those working, directly or indirectly, with charged-particle research or the development of ion- and electron-analyzing instruments. Provides enhanced, clear descriptions, and derivations making complex aspects of the general motion of charged particles understandable as well as features of charged particle analyzing instruments Assists the reader in applying insights obtained from the principles of charged particle optics to the design of new transporting and mass- or energy-analyzing instruments for ions Discusses new applications and newly occurring issues, which have arisen since the first edition

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Harald H. Rose
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009
ISBN : 3540859152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This resource covering all theoretical aspects of modern geometrical charged-particle optics is aimed at anyone involved in the design of electron optical instruments and beam-guiding systems for charged particles.

Applied Charged Particle Optics

Applied Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Helmut Liebl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-12
ISBN : 3540719253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by a pioneer in the field, this overview of charged particle optics provides a solid introduction to the subject area for all physicists wishing to design their own apparatus or better understand the instruments with which they work. It begins by introducing electrostatic lenses and fields used for acceleration, focusing and deflection of ions or electrons. Subsequent chapters give detailed descriptions of electrostatic deflection elements, uniform and non-uniform magnetic sector fields, image aberrations, and, finally, fringe field confinement.

Applied Charged Particle Optics

Applied Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Albert L Septier
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Charged Particle Optics book written by Albert L Septier, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Harald Rose
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-02-02
ISBN : 3642321194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition is an extended version of the first edition of Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics. The updated reference monograph is intended as a guide for researchers and graduate students who are seeking a comprehensive treatment of the design of instruments and beam-guiding systems of charged particles and their propagation in electromagnetic fields. Wave aspects are included in this edition for explaining electron holography, the Aharanov-Bohm effect and the resolution of electron microscopes limited by diffraction. Several methods for calculating the electromagnetic field are presented and procedures are outlined for calculating the properties of systems with arbitrarily curved axis. Detailed methods are presented for designing and optimizing special components such as aberration correctors, spectrometers, energy filters monochromators, ion traps, electron mirrors and cathode lenses. In particular, the optics of rotationally symmetric lenses, quadrupoles, and systems composed of these elements are discussed extensively. Beam properties such as emittance, brightness, transmissivity and the formation of caustics are outlined. Relativistic motion and spin precession of the electron are treated in a covariant way by introducing the Lorentz-invariant universal time and by extending Hamilton’s principle from three to four spatial dimensions where the laboratory time is considered as the fourth pseudo-spatial coordinate. Using this procedure and introducing the self action of the electron, its accompanying electromagnetic field and its radiation field are calculated for arbitrary motion. In addition, the Stern-Gerlach effect is revisited for atomic and free electrons.

Electron and Ion Optics

Electron and Ion Optics Book
Author : Miklos Szilagyi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461309239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of electron and ion optics is based on the analogy between geometrical light optics and the motion of charged particles in electromagnetic fields. The spectacular development of the electron microscope clearly shows the possibilities of image formation by charged particles of wavelength much shorter than that of visible light. As new applications such as particle accelerators, cathode ray tubes, mass and energy spectrometers, microwave tubes, scanning-type analytical instruments, heavy beam technologies, etc. emerged, the scope of particle beam optics has been exten ded to the formation of fine probes. The goal is to concentrate as many particles as possible in as small a volume as possible. Fabrication of microcircuits is a good example of the growing importance of this field. The current trend is towards increased circuit complexity and pattern density. Because of the diffraction limitation of processes using optical photons and the technological difficulties connected with x-ray processes, charged particle beams are becoming popular. With them it is possible to write directly on a wafer under computer control, without using a mask. Focused ion beams offer especially great possibilities in the submicron region. Therefore, electron and ion beam technologies will most probably playa very important role in the next twenty years or so.

Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics Supplement

Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics  Supplement Book
Author : Albert L. Septier
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics Supplement book written by Albert L. Septier, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Charged particle Optics for Neutral Particles

Charged particle Optics for Neutral Particles Book
Author : Gary Zabow
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Charged particle Optics for Neutral Particles book written by Gary Zabow, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Charged Particle Optics Theory

Charged Particle Optics Theory Book
Author : Timothy R. Groves
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351831208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction identifies the most important concepts of charged particle optics theory, and derives each mathematically from the first principles of physics. Assuming an advanced undergraduate-level understanding of calculus, this book follows a logical progression, with each concept building upon the preceding one. Beginning with a non-mathematical survey of the optical nature of a charged particle beam, the text: Discusses both geometrical and wave optics, as well as the correspondence between them Describes the two-body scattering problem, which is essential to the interaction of a fast charged particle with matter Introduces electron emission as a practical consequence of quantum mechanics Addresses the Fourier transform and the linear second-order differential equation Includes problems to amplify and fill in the theoretical details, with solutions presented separately Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction makes an ideal textbook as well as a convenient reference on the theoretical origins of the optics of charged particle beams. It is intended to prepare the reader to understand the large body of published research in this mature field, with the end result translated immediately to practical application.

Focusing of Charged Particles

Focusing of Charged Particles Book
Author : Albert Septier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483270610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing of Charged Particles, Volume I deals with the various aspects of problems in corpuscular optics such as the need for new focusing principles to guide the beams of fast particles over long distances and to increase the internal efficiency of particle accelerators. This volume is comprised of articles from specialists who attempt to find solutions to various problems in geometrical corpuscular optics. The topics discussed in the book include the general properties of potentials, fields and trajectories, the methods for resolving Laplace's and Poisson's equations and computing trajectories with or without space charge, and a description of the methods used for the measurement of magnetic fields. The optics of straight axis systems for producing and focusing low-intensity beams: high-brightness electron guns, electrostatic and magnetic electron lenses, and strong focusing lenses for high-energy beams are covered as well. The text ends with the elucidation of the problem of the production of electron microprobes. Physicists, students, researchers, and engineers working with charged particles will find the book invaluable.

Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators

Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics  Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators Book
Author : Ramaswamy Jagannathan,Sameen Ahmed Khan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-20
ISBN : 1351868268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classical Charged Particle Beam Optics used in the design and operation of all present-day charged particle beam devices, from low energy electron microscopes to high energy particle accelerators, is entirely based on classical mechanics. A question of curiosity is: How is classical charged particle beam optics so successful in practice though the particles of the beam, like electrons, are quantum mechanical? Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics answers this question with a comprehensive formulation of ‘Quantum Charged Particle Beam Optics’ applicable to any charged particle beam device.

Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators

Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics  Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators Book
Author : Ramaswamy Jagannathan,Sameen Ahmed Khan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-20
ISBN : 1351868284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classical Charged Particle Beam Optics used in the design and operation of all present-day charged particle beam devices, from low energy electron microscopes to high energy particle accelerators, is entirely based on classical mechanics. A question of curiosity is: How is classical charged particle beam optics so successful in practice though the particles of the beam, like electrons, are quantum mechanical? Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics answers this question with a comprehensive formulation of ‘Quantum Charged Particle Beam Optics’ applicable to any charged particle beam device.

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Jon Orloff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351835777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the growing proliferation of nanotechnologies, powerful imaging technologies are being developed to operate at the sub-nanometer scale. The newest edition of a bestseller, the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics, Second Edition provides essential background information for the design and operation of high resolution focused probe instruments. The book’s unique approach covers both the theoretical and practical knowledge of high resolution probe forming instruments. The second edition features new chapters on aberration correction and applications of gas phase field ionization sources. With the inclusion of additional references to past and present work in the field, this second edition offers perfectly calibrated coverage of the field’s cutting-edge technologies with added insight into how they work. Written by the leading research scientists, the second edition of the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics is a complete guide to understanding, designing, and using high resolution probe instrumentation.

Charged Particle Optics

Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Charged Particle Optics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams

Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams Book
Author : Martin Reiser
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-09-26
ISBN : 3527617639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although particle accelerators are the book's main thrust, it offers a broad synoptic description of beams which applies to a wide range of other devices such as low-energy focusing and transport systems and high-power microwave sources. Develops material from first principles, basic equations and theorems in a systematic way. Assumptions and approximations are clearly indicated. Discusses underlying physics and validity of theoretical relationships, design formulas and scaling laws. Features a significant amount of recent work including image effects and the Boltzmann line charge density profiles in bunched beams.

Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Charged Particles

Atomic  Molecular  and Optical Physics  Charged Particles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1995-11-29
ISBN : 9780080860176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With this volume, Methods of Experimental Physics becomes Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, a name change which reflects the evolution of todays science. This volume is the first of three which will provide a comprehensive treatment of the key experimental methods of atomic, molecular, and optical physics; the three volumes as a set will form an excellent experimental handbook for the field. The wide availability of tunable lasers in the pastseveral years has revolutionized the field and lead to the introduction of many new experimental methods that are covered in these volumes. Traditional methods are also included to ensure that the volumes will be a complete reference source for the field.

Third order Charged Particle Beam Optics

Third order Charged Particle Beam Optics Book
Author : Leonid Sagalovsky
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The motion of a charged particle through a magnetic field configuration can be described in terms of deviation from a certain ideal trajectory. One uses power series expansion of the phase-space coordinates to obtain the transfer matrices for a particular optical system. In this thesis we present a complete third-order theory of computing transfer matrices and apply it to magnetic elements in an accelerator beam-line. A particular attention is devoted to studying particles' orbits in an extended fringing field of a dipole magnet. Analytical solutions are obtained up to the third order in the formalism of the matrix theory. They contain form factors describing the fall-off pattern of the field. These form factors are dimensionless line integrals of the field strength and its derivative. There is one such integral in the first-order solution, two in the second, and nine in the third. An alternate way of describing charged particle optics is also presented. It is based on a Hamiltonian treatment and uses certain symplectic operators, which are defined in terms of Poisson brackets, to parametrize the transfer map of a system. We apply this approach to the fringing field problem and obtain a third-order solution. We furthermore show how to convert this solution into conventional transfer matrices by examining the connection between the non-canonical matrix theory and the Hamiltonian description.