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Optics of Charged Particles

Optics of Charged Particles Book
Author : Hermann Wollnik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323156789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optics of Charged Particles describes how charged particles move in the main and fringing fields of magnetic or electrostatic dipoles, quadrupoles, and hexapoles using the same type of formulation and consistent nomenclature throughout. This book not only describes the particle trajectories and beam shapes, but also provides guidelines for designing particle optical instruments. The topics discussed include Gaussian optics and transfer matrices, general relations for the motion of charged particles in electromagnetic fields, and quadrupole lenses. The sector field lenses, charged particle beams and phase space, and particle beams in periodic structures are also elaborated. This text likewise considers the fringing fields, image aberrations, and design of particle spectrometers and beam guide lines. This publication is suitable for undergraduate students in physics and mathematics.

Optics of Charged Particles

Optics of Charged Particles Book
Author : Hermann Wollnik,Wollnik Hermann
Publisher :
Release : 1987
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Appendix after each chapter

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Harald Rose
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-02-02
ISBN : 3642321194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition is an extended version of the first edition of Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics. The updated reference monograph is intended as a guide for researchers and graduate students who are seeking a comprehensive treatment of the design of instruments and beam-guiding systems of charged particles and their propagation in electromagnetic fields. Wave aspects are included in this edition for explaining electron holography, the Aharanov-Bohm effect and the resolution of electron microscopes limited by diffraction. Several methods for calculating the electromagnetic field are presented and procedures are outlined for calculating the properties of systems with arbitrarily curved axis. Detailed methods are presented for designing and optimizing special components such as aberration correctors, spectrometers, energy filters monochromators, ion traps, electron mirrors and cathode lenses. In particular, the optics of rotationally symmetric lenses, quadrupoles, and systems composed of these elements are discussed extensively. Beam properties such as emittance, brightness, transmissivity and the formation of caustics are outlined. Relativistic motion and spin precession of the electron are treated in a covariant way by introducing the Lorentz-invariant universal time and by extending Hamilton’s principle from three to four spatial dimensions where the laboratory time is considered as the fourth pseudo-spatial coordinate. Using this procedure and introducing the self action of the electron, its accompanying electromagnetic field and its radiation field are calculated for arbitrary motion. In addition, the Stern-Gerlach effect is revisited for atomic and free electrons.

Applied Charged Particle Optics

Applied Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Helmut Liebl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-12
ISBN : 9783540719250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by a pioneer in the field, this overview of charged particle optics provides a solid introduction to the subject area for all physicists wishing to design their own apparatus or better understand the instruments with which they work. It begins by introducing electrostatic lenses and fields used for acceleration, focusing and deflection of ions or electrons. Subsequent chapters give detailed descriptions of electrostatic deflection elements, uniform and non-uniform magnetic sector fields, image aberrations, and, finally, fringe field confinement.

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

Geometrical Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Harald H. Rose
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009
ISBN : 3540859152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This resource covering all theoretical aspects of modern geometrical charged-particle optics is aimed at anyone involved in the design of electron optical instruments and beam-guiding systems for charged particles.

Focusing of Charged Particles

Focusing of Charged Particles Book
Author : Albert Septier
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323148468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing of Charged Particles, Volume II presents the aspects of particle optics, including the electron, the ion optical domains, and the accelerator field. This book provides a detailed analysis of the principles of the laws of propagation of beams. Comprised of three parts encompassing three chapters, this volume starts with an overview of how a beam of charged particles traverses a region that is at a uniform, constant, electrostatic potential. This book then discusses the principle of charge repulsion effect by which the space charge of the beam modifies the potential in the region that it traverses. Other chapters examine the general design techniques and performances obtainable for electron guns applicable for use in initiating a beam for linear beam tubes that is given in a condensed form. The last chapter deals with the two stable charged particles that can be accelerated, namely, protons and electrons. This book is a valuable resource to physicists, accelerator experts, and experimenters in search of interactions in the detector target.

Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Charged Particles

Atomic  Molecular  and Optical Physics  Charged Particles Book
Author : F. B. Dunning,Randall G. Hulet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1995-11-08
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spin-Polarized Electron Sources / D.T. Pierce -- Positron and Positronium Sources / A.P. Mills, Jr. -- Sources of Low-Charge-State Positive-Ion Beams / G.D. Alton -- Advanced Sources of Highly Charged Ions / R.A. Phaneuf -- Electron and Ion Optics / G.C. King -- Electron Energy Analyzers / J.L. Erskine -- Electron Polarimetry / T.J. Gay -- Position Sensitive Particle Detection with Microchannel-Plate Electron Multipliers / K. Smith -- Swarm Techniques / D. Smith and P.S̆panĕl -- Accelerator-Based Atomic Physics / C.R. Vane and S. Datz -- Ion Mass Analyzers / P.W. Harland -- Ion Traps / H.A. Klein -- Ultra-High-Resolution Mass Spectroscopy in Penning Traps / R.S. Van Dyck, Jr. -- Electron Beam Ion Traps / R.E. Marrs -- DC Current Measurements / T.J. Mego -- Signal Enhancement / J.R. Willison.

Electron and Ion Optics

Electron and Ion Optics Book
Author : Miklos Szilagyi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461309239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of electron and ion optics is based on the analogy between geometrical light optics and the motion of charged particles in electromagnetic fields. The spectacular development of the electron microscope clearly shows the possibilities of image formation by charged particles of wavelength much shorter than that of visible light. As new applications such as particle accelerators, cathode ray tubes, mass and energy spectrometers, microwave tubes, scanning-type analytical instruments, heavy beam technologies, etc. emerged, the scope of particle beam optics has been exten ded to the formation of fine probes. The goal is to concentrate as many particles as possible in as small a volume as possible. Fabrication of microcircuits is a good example of the growing importance of this field. The current trend is towards increased circuit complexity and pattern density. Because of the diffraction limitation of processes using optical photons and the technological difficulties connected with x-ray processes, charged particle beams are becoming popular. With them it is possible to write directly on a wafer under computer control, without using a mask. Focused ion beams offer especially great possibilities in the submicron region. Therefore, electron and ion beam technologies will most probably playa very important role in the next twenty years or so.

Charged Particle Optics Theory

Charged Particle Optics Theory Book
Author : Timothy R. Groves
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1482229951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction identifies the most important concepts of charged particle optics theory, and derives each mathematically from the first principles of physics. Assuming an advanced undergraduate-level understanding of calculus, this book follows a logical progression, with each concept building upon the preceding one. Beginning with a non-mathematical survey of the optical nature of a charged particle beam, the text: Discusses both geometrical and wave optics, as well as the correspondence between them Describes the two-body scattering problem, which is essential to the interaction of a fast charged particle with matter Introduces electron emission as a practical consequence of quantum mechanics Addresses the Fourier transform and the linear second-order differential equation Includes problems to amplify and fill in the theoretical details, with solutions presented separately Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction makes an ideal textbook as well as a convenient reference on the theoretical origins of the optics of charged particle beams. It is intended to prepare the reader to understand the large body of published research in this mature field, with the end result translated immediately to practical application.

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics Second Edition

Handbook of Charged Particle Optics  Second Edition Book
Author : Jon Orloff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-10-24
ISBN : 9781420045550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the growing proliferation of nanotechnologies, powerful imaging technologies are being developed to operate at the sub-nanometer scale. The newest edition of a bestseller, the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics, Second Edition provides essential background information for the design and operation of high resolution focused probe instruments. The book’s unique approach covers both the theoretical and practical knowledge of high resolution probe forming instruments. The second edition features new chapters on aberration correction and applications of gas phase field ionization sources. With the inclusion of additional references to past and present work in the field, this second edition offers perfectly calibrated coverage of the field’s cutting-edge technologies with added insight into how they work. Written by the leading research scientists, the second edition of the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics is a complete guide to understanding, designing, and using high resolution probe instrumentation.

Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Charged Particles

Atomic  Molecular  and Optical Physics  Charged Particles Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1995-11-29
ISBN : 9780080860176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With this volume, Methods of Experimental Physics becomes Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, a name change which reflects the evolution of todays science. This volume is the first of three which will provide a comprehensive treatment of the key experimental methods of atomic, molecular, and optical physics; the three volumes as a set will form an excellent experimental handbook for the field. The wide availability of tunable lasers in the pastseveral years has revolutionized the field and lead to the introduction of many new experimental methods that are covered in these volumes. Traditional methods are also included to ensure that the volumes will be a complete reference source for the field.

The Finite Element Method in Charged Particle Optics

The Finite Element Method in Charged Particle Optics Book
Author : Anjam Khursheed
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146155201X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the span of only a few decades, the finite element method has become an important numerical technique for solving problems in the subject of charged particle optics. The situation has now developed up to the point where finite element simulation software is sold commercially and routinely used in industry. The introduction of the finite element method in charged particle optics came by way of a PHD thesis written by Eric Munro at the University of Cambridge, England, in 1971 [1], shortly after the first papers appeared on its use to solve Electrical Engineering problems in the late sixties. Although many papers on the use of the finite element method in charged particle optics have been published since Munro's pioneering work, its development in this area has not as yet appeared in any textbook. This fact must be understood within a broader context. The first textbook on the finite element method in Electrical Engineering was published in 1983 [2]. At present, there are only a handful of other books that describe it in relation to Electrical Engineering topics [3], let alone charged particle optics. This is but a tiny fraction of the books dedicated to the finite element method in other subjects such as Civil Engineering. The motivation to write this book comes from the need to redress this imbalance. There is also another important reason for writing this book.

Physics with Trapped Charged Particles

Physics with Trapped Charged Particles Book
Author : Martina Knoop,Niels Madsen,Richard C Thompson
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2014-01-06
ISBN : 1783264071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of articles on Physics with Trapped Charged Particles by speakers at the Les Houches Winter School. The articles cover all types of physics with charged particles, and are aimed at introducing the basic issues at hand, as well as the latest developments in the field. It is appropriate for PhD students and early career researchers, or interested parties new to the area. Contents:Physics with Trapped Charged Particles (M Knoop, N Madsen and R C Thompson)Detection Techniques for Trapped Ions (M Knoop)Cooling Techniques for Trapped Ions (D M Segal and Ch Wunderlich)Accumulation, Storage and Manipulation of Large Numbers of Positrons in Traps I — The Basics (C M Surko)Accumulation, Storage and Manipulation of Large Numbers of Positrons in Traps II — Selected Topics (C M Surko, J R Danielson and T R Weber)Waves in Non-neutral Plasma (F Anderegg)Internal Transport in Non-neutral Plasma (F Anderegg)Antihydrogen Formation and Trapping (N Madsen)Quantum Information Processing with Trapped Ions (C F Roos)Optical Atomic Clocks in Ion Traps (H S Margolis)Novel Penning Traps (J Verdú)Trapped Electrons as Electrical (Quantum) Circuits (J Verdú) Readership: University and college students undertaking mechanical, aerospace, electromechanical, engineering or applied mechanics programs. Key Features:Gives a basic overview of this new, vibrant area of researchGives a good introduction to the key issues in physics of this fieldContains contributions from researchers at the forefront of the fieldKeywords:Charged Particles;Particle Traps;Non-Neutral Plasma;Quantum Information;Penning Trap;Paul Trap;Rotating Wall;Laser Cooling;RF Trap;Atomic Clock

Particle Accelerator Physics

Particle Accelerator Physics Book
Author : Helmut Wiedemann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-01
ISBN : 3540490450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive introduction to the field of high-energy particle acceleration and beam dynamics. This is the first modern and comprehensive textbook in the field. It begins by gathering the basic tools, recalling the essentials of electrostatics and electrodynamics as well as of particle dynamics in electromagnetic fields. It includes coverage of advanced topics of coupled beam dynamics. There is an exhaustive treatment of radiation from accelerated charges. Appendices gather useful mathematical and physical formulae, parameters and units, and solutions to the many end-of-chapter problems are given.

Neutron and X ray Optics

Neutron and X ray Optics Book
Author : Jay Theodore Cremer, Jr.
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-02-18
ISBN : 0124071597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering a wide range of topics related to neutron and x-ray optics, this book explores the aspects of neutron and x-ray optics and their associated background and applications in a manner accessible to both lower-level students while retaining the detail necessary to advanced students and researchers. It is a self-contained book with detailed mathematical derivations, background, and physical concepts presented in a linear fashion. A wide variety of sources were consulted and condensed to provide detailed derivations and coverage of the topics of neutron and x-ray optics as well as the background material needed to understand the physical and mathematical reasoning directly related or indirectly related to the theory and practice of neutron and x-ray optics. The book is written in a clear and detailed manner, making it easy to follow for a range of readers from undergraduate and graduate science, engineering, and medicine. It will prove beneficial as a standalone reference or as a complement to textbooks. Supplies a historical context of covered topics. Detailed presentation makes information easy to understand for researchers within or outside the field. Incorporates reviews of all relevant literature in one convenient resource.

Focusing of Charged Particles

Focusing of Charged Particles Book
Author : Albert Septier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483270610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing of Charged Particles, Volume I deals with the various aspects of problems in corpuscular optics such as the need for new focusing principles to guide the beams of fast particles over long distances and to increase the internal efficiency of particle accelerators. This volume is comprised of articles from specialists who attempt to find solutions to various problems in geometrical corpuscular optics. The topics discussed in the book include the general properties of potentials, fields and trajectories, the methods for resolving Laplace's and Poisson's equations and computing trajectories with or without space charge, and a description of the methods used for the measurement of magnetic fields. The optics of straight axis systems for producing and focusing low-intensity beams: high-brightness electron guns, electrostatic and magnetic electron lenses, and strong focusing lenses for high-energy beams are covered as well. The text ends with the elucidation of the problem of the production of electron microprobes. Physicists, students, researchers, and engineers working with charged particles will find the book invaluable.

Introduction to Optics

Introduction to Optics Book
Author : Germain Chartier
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-12-05
ISBN : 0387275983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This award-winning book has been translated from the original French by the author and thoroughly updated. It gives an introduction to modern optics at an advanced level, taking a unique approach inspired by Richard Feynman.