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Operation Of Distributed Energy Resources In Smart Distribution Networks

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Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks Book
Author : Kazem Zare,Sayyad Nojavan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-05
ISBN : 0128148926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks defines the barriers and challenges of smart distribution networks, ultimately proposing optimal solutions for addressing them. The book considers their use as an important part of future electrical power systems and their ability to improve the local flexibility and reliability of electrical systems. It carefully defines the concept as a radial network with a cluster of distributed energy generations, various types of loads, and energy storage systems. In addition, the book details how the huge penetration of distributed energy resources and the intermittent nature of renewable generations may cause system problems. Readers will find this to be an important resource that analyzes and introduces the features and problems of smart distribution networks from different aspects. Integrates different types of elements, including electrical vehicles, demand response programs, and various renewable energy sources in distribution networks Proposes optimal operational models for the short-term performance and scheduling of a distribution network Discusses the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent load in the decision-making process for distribution networks

Smart Distribution System Automation

Smart Distribution System Automation Book
Author : Fei Ding,OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart distribution system automation is the key to realizing a highly reconfigurable, reliable, flexible and active distribution system. Automated network reconfiguration including restoration is the most studied area in distribution automation, and it contributes to power loss minimization, voltage improvement and also can enable the distribution network to respond to contingencies and changes happened in the grid. Distributed energy resources at the customer premises, energy storage systems and plug-in electric vehicles are indispensable parts of future smart distribution systems. Their participations have brought more dynamics and uncertainties into the grid, and hence new technologies at both planning and operation levels must be developed to manage the energy dispatched from distributed energy resources and energy storage units, the charging and discharging behaviors of electric vehicles so that the entire power distribution system could operate stably and efficiently. Meantime, due to the intermittent, imperfectly predicted renewable energy and more complicated, uncertain load patterns, two challenges have arisen on network reconfiguration study, including more frequent reconfiguration actions and more complicated optimization problems for determining the optimal network topology. Thus, new approaches for reconfiguring distribution networks must be developed to overcome these challenges. In order to address the above challenges which distribution systems are facing to and develop new technologies for realizing smart distribution automation, a comprehensive study on network reconfiguration and energy management of distributed generation systems was studied. The contributions of this dissertation include: (1) proposed a novel problem formulation for network reconfiguration problem based on "switch states"; (2) developed three new methods to solve the optimization problem including heuristic algorithm, hybrid algorithm and revised genetic algorithm; (3) proposed a hierarchical, decentralized network reconfiguration approach that has been proved to have significant computational advantage compared with other existing methods; (4) proposed the concept of "dynamic network reconfiguration" in which the impact of time-varying load demands, renewable energy generation and other contingencies on the optimal distribution network topology were fully addressed and analyzed. (5) Since DG has become one of the most important parts in distribution systems. The mechanism of distributed generation itself and the impact of distributed generation on distribution system analysis must be studied. This dissertation has studied the modeling and reactive control of multiple DG systems, and also studied the unbalanced distribution feeder reconfiguration and proposed energy management strategy for controlling all grid-connected DGs in order to optimize distribution system operation.

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems Book
Author : Giorgio Graditi,Marialaura Di Somma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-27
ISBN : 0128242140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Energy Resources in Local Integrated Energy Systems: Optimal Operation and Planning reviews research and policy developments surrounding the optimal operation and planning of DER in the context of local integrated energy systems in the presence of multiple energy carriers, vectors and multi-objective requirements. This assessment is carried out by analyzing impacts and benefits at local levels, and in distribution networks and larger systems. These frameworks represent valid tools to provide support in the decision-making process for DER operation and planning. Uncertainties of RES generation and loads in optimal DER scheduling are addressed, along with energy trading and blockchain technologies. Interactions among various energy carriers in local energy systems are investigated in scalable and flexible optimization models for adaptation to a number of real contexts thanks to the wide variety of generation, conversion and storage technologies considered, the exploitation of demand side flexibility, emerging technologies, and through the general mathematical formulations established. Integrates multi-energy DER, including electrical and thermal distributed generation, demand response, electric vehicles, storage and RES in the context of local integrated energy systems Fosters the integration of DER in the electricity markets through the concepts of DER aggregation Addresses the challenges of emerging paradigms as energy communities and energy blockchain applications in the current and future energy landscape Proposes operation optimization models and methods through multi-objective approaches for fostering short- and long-run sustainability of local energy systems Assesses and models the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent loads in the short-term decision-making process for smart decentralized energy systems

Handbook of Distributed Generation

Handbook of Distributed Generation Book
Author : Ramesh Bansal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-07
ISBN : 3319513435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features extensive coverage of all Distributed Energy Generation technologies, highlighting the technical, environmental and economic aspects of distributed resource integration, such as line loss reduction, protection, control, storage, power electronics, reliability improvement, and voltage profile optimization. It explains how electric power system planners, developers, operators, designers, regulators and policy makers can derive many benefits with increased penetration of distributed generation units into smart distribution networks. It further demonstrates how to best realize these benefits via skillful integration of distributed energy sources, based upon an understanding of the characteristics of loads and network configuration.

Handbook of Research on New Solutions and Technologies in Electrical Distribution Networks

Handbook of Research on New Solutions and Technologies in Electrical Distribution Networks Book
Author : Khan, Baseem,Alhelou, Hassan Haes,Hayek, Ghassan
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-12-06
ISBN : 1799812324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the electrical industry continues to develop, one sector that still faces a range of concerns is the electrical distribution system. Excessive industrialization and inadequate billing are just a few issues that have plagued this electrical sector as it advances into the smart grid environment. Research is necessary to explore the possible solutions in fixing these problems and developing the distribution sector into an active and smart system. The Handbook of Research on New Solutions and Technologies in Electrical Distribution Networks is a collection of innovative research on the methods and applications of solving major issues within the electrical distribution system. Some issues covered within the publication include distribution losses, improper monitoring of system, renewable energy integration with micro-grid and distributed energy sources, and smart home energy management system modelling. This book is ideally designed for power engineers, electrical engineers, energy professionals, developers, technologists, policymakers, researchers, academicians, industry professionals, and students seeking current research on improving this key sector of the electrical industry.

Smart Electricity Distribution Networks

Smart Electricity Distribution Networks Book
Author : Chengshan Wang,Jianzhong Wu,Janaka Ekanayake,Nick Jenkins
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 1482230569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart distribution networks are one of the key research topics of countries looking to modernise electric power networks. Smart Electricity Distributions Networks aims to provide a basic discussion of the smart distribution concept and new technologies related to it, including distributed energy resources (DERs), demand side integration, microgrids, CELL and virtual power plants. With writing from leading contributors in the field of smart distribution networks, this volume discusses different concepts within the field as well as the best methods to analyse smart distribution systems to provide a cohesive overview of issues relating to Smart Grid and related technologies. This book will be valuable to those with an interest in understanding the technologies and performance of smart distribution networks as well as engaging with the wider debate over the future Smart Grid.

Smart Grid Handbook 3 Volume Set

Smart Grid Handbook  3 Volume Set Book
Author : Chen-Ching Liu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-01
ISBN : 1118755480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive, cross-disciplinary coverage of Smart Grid issues from global expert researchers and practitioners. This definitive reference meets the need for a large scale, high quality work reference in Smart Grid engineering which is pivotal in the development of a low-carbon energy infrastructure. Including a total of 83 articles across 3 volumes The Smart Grid Handbook is organized in to 6 sections: Vision and Drivers, Transmission, Distribution, Smart Meters and Customers, Information and Communications Technology, and Socio-Economic Issues. Key features: Written by a team representing smart grid R&D, technology deployment, standards, industry practice, and socio-economic aspects. Vision and Drivers covers the vision, definitions, evolution, and global development of the smart grid as well as new technologies and standards. The Transmission section discusses industry practice, operational experience, standards, cyber security, and grid codes. The Distribution section introduces distribution systems and the system configurations in different countries and different load areas served by the grid. The Smart Meters and Customers section assesses how smart meters enable the customers to interact with the power grid. Socio-economic issues and information and communications technology requirements are covered in dedicated articles.The Smart Grid Handbook will meet the need for a high quality reference work to support advanced study and research in the field of electrical power generation, transmission and distribution. It will be an essential reference for regulators and government officials, testing laboratories and certification organizations, and engineers and researchers in Smart Grid-related industries.

Blockchain Based Smart Grids

Blockchain Based Smart Grids Book
Author : Miadreza Shafie-khah
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06
ISBN : 0128178620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Blockchain-Based Smart Grids presents emerging applications of blockchain in electrical system and looks to future developments in the use of blockchain technology in the energy market. Rapid growth of renewable energy resources in power systems and significant developments in the telecommunication systems has resulted in new market designs being employed to cover unpredictable and distributed generation of electricity. This book considers the marriage of blockchain and grid modernization, and discusses the transaction shifts in smart grids, from centralized to peer-to-peer structures. In addition, it addresses the effective application of these structures to speed up processes, resulting in more flexible electricity systems. Aimed at moving towards blockchain-based smart grids with renewable applications, this book is useful to researchers and practitioners in all sectors of smart grids, including renewable energy providers, manufacturers and professionals involved in electricity generation from renewable sources, grid modernization and smart grid applications.

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids Book
Author : Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-17
ISBN : 0128177756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Power Electronics in Smart Electrical Energy Networks

Power Electronics in Smart Electrical Energy Networks Book
Author : Ryszard Michal Strzelecki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-29
ISBN : 1848003188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Power Electronics in Smart Electrical Energy Networks” introduces a new viewpoint on power electronics, re-thinking the basic philosophy governing electricity distribution systems. The proposed concept fully exploits the potential advantages of renewable energy sources and distributed generation (DG), which should not only be connected but also fully integrated into the distribution system in order to increase the efficiency, flexibility, safety, reliability and quality of the electricity and the networks. The transformation of current electricity grids into smart (resilient and interactive) networks necessitates the development, propagation and demonstration of key enabling cost-competitive technologies. A must-read for professionals in power engineering and utility industries, and researchers and postgraduates in distributed electrical power systems, the book presents the features, solutions and applications of the power electronics arrangements useful for future smart electrical energy networks.

Electrical Distribution Networks

Electrical Distribution Networks Book
Author : Nouredine Hadjsaïd,Jean-Claude Sabonnadière
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-01-22
ISBN : 1118601211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the fundamental aspects of the new generationof electrical distribution grids, taking as its starting point theopportunities that exist for restructuring existing infrastructure.It emphasizes the incorporation of renewable energy sources intothe distribution grid and the need for a technological evolutiontowards the implementation of smartgrids. The book is organized into two parts: the first part analyzes theintegration of distributed energy sources into the distributiongrid and the impact of these sources on grid operation. After ageneral description of the general characteristics of distributiongrids and renewable energy sources, it then analyzes the economicsof electrical energy distribution networks and presents the impactof these sources on grid operation. The second part of the bookthen analyzes the various functions which allow for safe operationof the grid and realization of the path towards real worldapplication of smartgrids.

Electric Distribution Network Planning

Electric Distribution Network Planning Book
Author : Farhad Shahnia,Ali Arefi,Gerard Ledwich
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-09
ISBN : 9811070563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the latest research advances in the planning and management of electric distribution networks. It addresses various aspects of distribution network management including planning, operation, customer engagement, and technology accommodation. Given the importance of electric distribution networks in power delivery systems, effectively planning and managing them are vital to satisfying technical, economic, and customer requirements. A new planning and management philosophy, techniques, and methods are essential to handling uncertainties associated with the integration of renewable-based distributed generation, demand forecast, and customer needs. This book covers topics on managing the capacity of distribution networks, while also addressing the future needs of electric systems. The efficient and economical operation of distribution networks is an essential aspect of ensuring the effective use of resources. Accordingly, this book addresses operation and control approaches and techniques suitable for future distribution networks.

Risk Based Energy Management

Risk Based Energy Management Book
Author : Sayyad Nojavan,Mahdi Shafieezadeh,Noradin Ghadimi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-20
ISBN : 0128174927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk-Based Energy Management: DC, AC and Hybrid AC-DC Microgrids defines the problems and challenges of DC, AC and hybrid AC-DC microgrids and considers the right tactics and risk-based scheduling to tackle them. The book looks at the intermittent nature of renewable generation, demand and market price with the risk to DC, AC and hybrid AC-DC microgrids, which makes it relevant for anyone in renewable energy demand and supply. As utilization of distributed energy resources and the intermittent nature of renewable generations, demand and market price can put the operation of DC, AC and hybrid AC-DC microgrids at risk, this book presents a timely resource. Discusses both the challenges and solutions surrounding DC, AC and hybrid AC-DC microgrids Proposes robust scheduling of DC, AC and hybrid AC-DC microgrids under uncertain environments Includes modeling upstream grid prices, renewable resources and intermittent load in the decision-making process of DC, AC and hybrid AC-DC microgrids

Modeling and Control of Sustainable Power Systems

Modeling and Control of Sustainable Power Systems Book
Author : Lingfeng Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-09
ISBN : 3642229042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of the smart grid promises the world an efficient and intelligent approach of managing energy production, transportation, and consumption by incorporating intelligence, efficiency, and optimality into the power grid. Both energy providers and consumers can take advantage of the convenience, reliability, and energy savings achieved by real-time and intelligent energy management. To this end, the current power grid is experiencing drastic changes and upgrades. For instance, more significant green energy resources such as wind power and solar power are being integrated into the power grid, and higher energy storage capacity is being installed in order to mitigate the intermittency issues brought about by the variable energy resources. At the same time, novel power electronics technologies and operating strategies are being invented and adopted. For instance, Flexible AC transmission systems and phasor measurement units are two promising technologies for improving the power system reliability and power quality. Demand side management will enable the customers to manage the power loads in an active fashion. As a result, modeling and control of modern power grids pose great challenges due to the adoption of new smart grid technologies. In this book, chapters regarding representative applications of smart grid technologies written by world-renowned experts are included, which explain in detail various innovative modeling and control methods.

Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems

Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems Book
Author : Sudipta Chakraborty,Marcelo G. Simões,William E. Kramer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-12
ISBN : 1447151046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While most books approach power electronics and renewable energy as two separate subjects, Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems takes an integrative approach; discussing power electronic converters topologies, controls and integration that are specific to the renewable and distributed energy system applications. An overview of power electronic technologies is followed by the introduction of various renewable and distributed energy resources that includes photovoltaics, wind, small hydroelectric, fuel cells, microturbines and variable speed generation. Energy storage systems such as battery and fast response storage systems are discussed along with application-specific examples. After setting forth the fundamentals, the chapters focus on more complex topics such as modular power electronics, microgrids and smart grids for integrating renewable and distributed energy. Emerging topics such as advanced electric vehicles and distributed control paradigm for power system control are discussed in the last two chapters. With contributions from subject matter experts, the diagrams and detailed examples provided in each chapter make Power Electronics for Renewable and Distributed Energy Systems a sourcebook for electrical engineers and consultants working to deploy various renewable and distributed energy systems and can serve as a comprehensive guide for the upper-level undergraduates and graduate students across the globe.

A Generalized Optimal Power Flow Program for Distribution System Analysis and Operation with Distributed Energy Resources and Solid State Transformers

A Generalized Optimal Power Flow Program for Distribution System Analysis and Operation with Distributed Energy Resources and Solid State Transformers Book
Author : Fanjun Meng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The present distribution system is gradually trending towards a smart grid paradigm with massive development of distributed energy resources (DER), advanced power electronics interfaces, and a digitalized communication platform. Such profound changes bring challenges as well as opportunities for an entity like the distribution network operator (DNO) to optimally operate DERs and other controllable elements to achieve higher levels of energy efficiency, economic benefits, supply reliability and power quality. The major contribution of this dissertation is in the development of a generalized three-phase optimal power flow (OPF) program in a novel control scheme for future distribution system optimization and economic operation. It is developed based on primal-dual interior point method (PDIPM). The program is general enough to model comprehensive system components and topologies. The program can also be customized by user-defined cost functions, system constraints, and new device, such as solid state transformers (SST). An energy storage optimal control using dynamic programming is also proposed to coordinate with the OPF based on a pricing signal called the distribution locational marginal price (DLMP). The proposed OPF program can be used by the DNO in an open access competitive control scheme to optimally aggregate the energy mix by combining the profitability of each resource while satisfying system security constraints"--Abstract, page iv.

Distributed Generation Systems

Distributed Generation Systems Book
Author : Gevork B. Gharehpetian,S. Mohammad Mousavi Agah
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-05-19
ISBN : 012804263X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Generation Systems: Design, Operation and Grid Integration closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants, and provides solutions to their practical problems and limitations. It provides a clear picture of operation principles of distributed generation units, not only focusing on the power system perspective but targeting a specific need of the research community. This book is a useful reference for practitioners, featuring worked examples and figures on principal types of distributed generation with an emphasis on real-world examples, simulations, and illustrations. The book uses practical exercises relating to the concepts of operating and integrating DG units to distribution networks, and helps engineers accurately design systems and reduce maintenance costs. Provides examples and datasheets of principal systems and commercial data in MATLAB Presents guidance for accurate system designs and maintenance costs Identifies trouble shooting references for engineers Closes the information gap between recent research on distributed generation and industrial plants

Plug In Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids

Plug In Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids Book
Author : Sumedha Rajakaruna,Farhad Shahnia,Arindam Ghosh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-29
ISBN : 9812873023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the cutting-edge research on energy management within smart grids with significant deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV). These vehicles not only can be a significant electrical power consumer during Grid to Vehicle (G2V) charging mode, they can also be smartly utilized as a controlled source of electrical power when they are used in Vehicle to Grid (V2G) operating mode. Electricity Price, Time of Use Tariffs, Quality of Service, Social Welfare as well as electrical parameters of the network are all different criteria considered by the researchers when developing energy management techniques for PEVs. Risk averse stochastic energy hub management, maximizing profits in ancillary service markets, power market bidding strategies for fleets of PEVs, energy management of PEVs in the presence of renewable energy in distribution lines or microgrids and loss minimization in distribution networks based on smart coordination approaches using real time energy prices are some of the attractive and novel topics explored in this book. It will be an excellent reference for graduate students, researchers and industry professionals who are interested in getting a snapshot view of today’s latest research on applying various smart energy management strategies for smart grids with high penetration of PEVs.

Microgrids

Microgrids Book
Author : Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam,Hamdi Abdi,Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Nikos Hatziargyriou
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 3030597504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in the control, operation, and protection of microgrids. It provides readers with a solid approach to analyzing and understanding the salient features of modern control and operation management techniques applied to these systems, and presents practical methods with examples and case studies from actual and modeled microgrids. The book also discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids, and local energy markets while addressing various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers who are focused on control concepts, AC, DC, and AC/DC microgrids, as well as those working in the related areas of energy engineering, operations research and its applications to energy systems. Presents modern operation, control and protection techniques with applications to real world and emulated microgrids; Discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids and local energy markets; Addresses various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids.