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On Justice Power and Human Nature

On Justice  Power  and Human Nature Book
Author : Thucydides,Paul Woodruff
Publisher : Hackett Publishing
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0872201686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed for students with little or no background in ancient Greek language and culture, this collection of extracts from The History of the Peloponnesian War includes those passages that shed most light on Thucydides' political theory--famous as well as important but lesser-known pieces frequently overlooked by nonspecialists. Newly translated into spare, vigorous English, and situated within a connective narrative framework, Woodruff’s selections will be of special interest to instructors in political theory and Greek civilization. Includes maps, notes, glossary.

On Justice Power and Human Nature

On Justice  Power  and Human Nature Book
Author : Thucydides,Paul Woodruff
Publisher : Hackett Publishing
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9781603845069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed for students with little or no background in ancient Greek language and culture, this collection of extracts from The History of the Peloponnesian War includes those passages that shed most light on Thucydides' political theory--famous as well as important but lesser-known pieces frequently overlooked by nonspecialists. Newly translated into spare, vigorous English, and situated within a connective narrative framework, Woodruff’s selections will be of special interest to instructors in political theory and Greek civilization. Includes maps, notes, glossary.

Human Nature Justice Versus Power

Human Nature  Justice Versus Power Book
Author : Michel Foucault,Noam Chomsky
Publisher : Souvenir Press
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 0285640836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1971, at a time of enormous political and social change, two of the world's leading intellectuals, Noam Chomsky and Michel Foucault, were invited by the Dutch philosopher Fons Elders to debate the question: is there an 'innate' human nature independent of our experiences and external influences? Their debate was one of the most provocative and original debates to have occurred between contemporary philosophers and serves as a concise introduction to their respective philosophical theories. While the debate began rooted in linguistics and theory of knowledge (the core interests of the two philosophers who are arguably the defining academic minds of the late twentieth-century) it became a much wider discussion, encompassing topics from history and behaviourism to creativity, freedom and the struggle for political justice. This is an intellectually exciting record of a meeting between two important philosophers and it also serves as the best possible introduction to the essential concerns and ideas of contemporary philosophy.

The Essential Thucydides On Justice Power and Human Nature

The Essential Thucydides  On Justice  Power  and Human Nature Book
Author : Thucydides,Paul Woodruff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-11-03
ISBN : 9781647920159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thucydides was the first ancient Greek historian to double as a social scientist. He set out to understand human events entirely in human terms, without recourse to myth. He sought to know why people go to war and how they are affected by its violence. He studied the civil war in Corcyra, which began when radicals burst into the council house and killed leaders who favored democracy. The strengths and weaknesses of democracy are a major theme of his History. Its larger story shows how the Athenians tried to expand their empire too far and came to a crushing defeat. Here are vivid stories of land and sea battles, interspersed with fascinating and disturbing debates about war and policy. All of Thucydides's History is here, either in summary or translation, in a volume short enough for a wide readership. This Second Edition is expanded to include all the important debates and battle scenes, and the entire translation has been revised in accord with the latest scholarship. The Essential Thucydides (Hackett, fall 2021) is the second edition of Paul Woodruff's On Justice, Power, and Human Nature: Selections from The History of the Peloponnesian War (first published by Hackett Publishing Company in 1993, paperback ISBN 978-0-87220-168-2, cloth ISBN 978-0-87220-169-9).

Human Nature as Capacity

Human Nature as Capacity Book
Author : Nigel Rapport
Publisher : Berghahn Books
Release : 2010-03-30
ISBN : 184545815X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is it to be human? What are our specifically human attributes, our capacities and liabilities? Such questions gave birth to anthropology as an Enlightenment science. This book argues that it is again appropriate to bring "the human" to the fore, to reclaim the singularity of the word as central to the anthropological endeavor, not on the basis of the substance of a human nature – "To be human is to act like this and react like this, to feel this and want this" – but in terms of species-wide capacities: capabilities for action and imagination, liabilities for suffering and cruelty. The contributors approach "the human" with an awareness of these complexities and particularities, rendering this volume unique in its ability to build on anthropology's ethnographic expertise.

Readings in Classical Political Thought

Readings in Classical Political Thought Book
Author : Peter J. Steinberger
Publisher : Hackett Publishing
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780872205123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Homer to Machiavelli, this reader is designed for an undergraduate course in classical Western political thought. Almost half of the work is devoted to Plato and Aristotle with selections by the former including the Crito, the Republic, and Laws and from the latter, the Nicomachean Ethics and Politics. Also included are writings from Hesiod, Protagoras, Herodotus, Aristophanes, Cicero, Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, and others. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Political Realism Freud and Human Nature in International Relations

Political Realism  Freud  and Human Nature in International Relations Book
Author : Robert Schuett
Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan History of
Release : 2010-05-15
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the tradition of political realism, this book provides an important reappraisal of the concept of human nature in contemporary realist international-political theory. With special reference to the anthropology of Sigmund Freud, a consequential yet terribly neglected and underestimated thinker in International Relations, Schuett demonstrates that analytical and normative theorizing of all international-political reality, its nature, tragedies, and potentialities, requires a sophisticated theory of human nature. Developing a Freudian philosophical anthropology for political realism, he argues for the careful resurrection of the concept of human nature in the wider study of international relations.

On the History of Political Philosophy

On the History of Political Philosophy Book
Author : W Julian Korab-Karpowicz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-07-14
ISBN : 1317346017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intended for use in courses on political philosophy or the history of political philosophy, On the History of Political Philosophy provides a critical account of Western political philosophy from classical Greece to modern times. Demonstrating the continued relevance of historical ideas to today's problems, the author traces ongoing discussions about justice, power, and human nature by examining the ideas of key political theorists.

The Fair Society

The Fair Society Book
Author : Peter Corning
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2011-03-01
ISBN : 0226116301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We’ve been told, again and again, that life is unfair. But what if we’re wrong simply to resign ourselves to this situation? What if we have the power—and more, the duty—to change society for the better? We do. And our very nature inclines us to do so. That’s the provocative argument Peter Corning makes in The Fair Society. Drawing on the evidence from our evolutionary history and the emergent science of human nature, Corning shows that we have an innate sense of fairness. While these impulses can easily be subverted by greed and demagoguery, they can also be harnessed for good. Corning brings together the latest findings from the behavioral and biological sciences to help us understand how to move beyond the Madoffs and Enrons in our midst in order to lay the foundation for a new social contract—a Biosocial Contract built on a deep understanding of human nature and a commitment to fairness. He then proposes a sweeping set of economic and political reforms based on three principles of fairness—equality, equity, and reciprocity—that together could transform our society and our world. At this crisis point for capitalism, Corning reveals that the proper response to bank bailouts and financial chicanery isn’t to get mad—it’s to get fair.

The Teachings of Modern Protestantism on Law Politics and Human Nature

The Teachings of Modern Protestantism on Law  Politics  and Human Nature Book
Author : John Witte,Frank S. Alexander
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0231142633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Teachings of Modern Protestantism on Law, Politics, and Human Nature examines how modern Protestant thinkers have answered the most pressing political, legal, and ethical questions of our time. It discusses the enduring teachings of important Protestant intellectuals of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Leading contemporary scholars analyze these thinkers' views on the nature and purpose of law and authority, the limits of rule and obedience, the care of the needy and innocent, the ethics of war and violence, and the separation of church and state, among other themes. A diverse and powerful portrait of Protestant legal and political thought, this volume underscores the various ways Protestant intellectuals have shaped modern debates over the family, the state, religion, and society. The book focuses on the work of Abraham Kuyper (1827-1920); Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906); Karl Barth (1886-1968); Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945); Reinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971); Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968); William Stringfellow (1928-1985); and John Howard Yoder (1927-1997).

A Christian Perspective on Political Thought

A Christian Perspective on Political Thought Book
Author : Stephen Charles Mott
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1993-05-27
ISBN : 0195359704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arguing that Americans make political choices in terms of a general notion of right and wrong, yet lack a sound, objective foundation for such values, evangelical scholar Stephen Mott formulates a Christian political theory that supplies such norms. Drawing on theological and biblical sources, Mott thoroughly develops the biblical and theological foundations for politics and political evaluation. Mott proposes that political philosophies should be evaluated in light of Christian theological and ethical values--specifically the understanding of power, human nature, the nature of group life, justice and love, government, and time. He then applies this critical framework in an evaluation of political ideologies, including traditional conservatism, liberalism, democracy, laissez-faire conservatism, Marxist socialism, and democratic socialism. He gives special attention to their classical exponents and ideas. Asserting that political visions ultimately depend on cultural values that themselves require vigorous religious faith in a particular society, Mott's study offers a valuable introduction to Christian political thought as well as an illuminating look at the connection between politics and religion.

On the History of Political Philosophy

On the History of Political Philosophy Book
Author : W Julian Korab-Karpowicz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-07-14
ISBN : 1317346009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intended for use in courses on political philosophy or the history of political philosophy, On the History of Political Philosophy provides a critical account of Western political philosophy from classical Greece to modern times. Demonstrating the continued relevance of historical ideas to today's problems, the author traces ongoing discussions about justice, power, and human nature by examining the ideas of key political theorists.

The Chomsky Foucault Debate

The Chomsky Foucault Debate Book
Author : Noam Chomsky,Michel Foucault
Publisher : The New Press
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1595581340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Chomsky vs Foucault" deals with current affairs/political science.

The Oedipus Plays of Sophocles

The Oedipus Plays of Sophocles Book
Author : Paul Woodruff
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-07-02
ISBN : 0190669470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oedipus presents ceaseless paradoxes that have fascinated readers for centuries. He is proud of his intellect, but he does not know himself and succumbs easily to self-deceptions. As a ruler he expresses the greatest good will toward his people, but as an exile he will do nothing to save them from their enemies. Faced with a damning prophecy, he tries to take destiny into his own hands and fails. Realizing this, he struggles at the end of his life for a serenity that seems to elude him. In his last misery, he is said to illustrate the tragic lament that it is better not to be born, or, once born, better to die young than to live into old age. Such are the themes a set of powerful thinkers take on in this volume-self-knowledge, self-deception, destiny, the value of a human life. There are depths to the Oedipus tragedies that only philosophers can plumb; readers who know the plays will be startled by what they find in this volume. There is nothing in literature to compare with the Oedipus plays of Sophocles that let us see the same basic myth through different lenses. The first play was the product of a poet in vibrant late middle age, the second of a man who was probably in his eighties, with the vision of a very old poet still at the height of his powers. In the volume's introduciton, Paul Woodruff provides historical backdrop to Sophocles and the plays, and connections to the contributions by philosophers and classicists that follow.

The History of the Peloponnesian War The Original Classic Edition

The History of the Peloponnesian War   The Original Classic Edition Book
Author : Thucydides
Publisher : Tebbo
Release : 2012-02
ISBN : 9781743448243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

History of the Peloponnesian War' is, superficially, merely an account of a war that happened centuries ago, the Peloponnesian War, between Athenas and Sparta. Of course, you might think that the subject is trivial to you. After all, how important can a book like that be?. Well, if you were to think that, you would be enormously mistaken. To start with, this book is a milestone you need to be aware of. Thucydides, its author, is very possibly the first modern historian. He tried to explain the causes of the Peloponnesian War, without reducing its complexity by saying that the gods had motivated it. Thucydides doesn't follow the easy path; instead, he searches those causes in human nature, and in power. He doesn't weave tales, but tries to write History. It is rather astonishing how objective this Athenian was when he analyzed the war, and all that happened immediately before it. He examines methodically many events, paying special attention to facts. The author also gives his opinion from time to time, but he doesn't judge whether an action is good or evil: he merely shows that those that have power can use it as they see fit. Due to that, Thucydides is called by many the first realist theoretician. I was especially taken aback by how well he expresses his ideas regarding the fact that 'power makes right' in the Melian debate. I don't agree with him, but I cannot deny that he makes a powerful case, and that his point of view is shared nowadays by many noteworthy thinkers. It is important to point out that in 'History of the Peloponnesian War' you will find a painstaking account of many things that actually happened, but also some speeches that weren't made by the actors, but could have been made by them. To explain that more clearly: Thucydides wrote some political dialogues and monologues that allow us to understand some aspects of the conflict (and many of his ideas) better. The introduction to this edition also highlights that the author sometimes made up some of the speeches (from the data he had), and was present when others were pronounced. My favorite speech is the one made by Pericles, in honor of the men who died during the war. In that discourse, he explains why those men fought and died to defend Athens, and what Athens meant not only for Athenians but also for Greece. This book isn't easy to read, but it is well-worth the effort. The translation is quite good, so that will make your task a little easier. If you don't feel like reading this book all at once, try to read it little by little. The results will be the same, but you won't feel dismayed by the need of finishing it immediately. Also, if you can, try to relate some of Thucydides themes to our modern world. You will find that easier that you might think, and it will make you pay more attention to what you are reading. You are likely to be very surprised, for example, at how similar some of nowaday's justifications for taking advantage of power without paying attention to justice are to those that Thucydides already made a long time ago. On the whole, I highly recommend this book.

Early Greek Political Thought from Homer to the Sophists

Early Greek Political Thought from Homer to the Sophists Book
Author : Professor Emeritus of Classics Michael Gagarin,Michael Gagarin,Paul Woodruff,Raymond Geuss,Quentin Skinner,Cambridge University Press
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1995-09-21
ISBN : 9780521437684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Including the works of more than thirty authors, this edition of early Greek writings on social and political issues includes the origin of human society and law; the nature of justice and good government; the distribution of power among genders and social classes.

Public Opinion and the Politics of War Aristophanes Lysistrata and Thucydides on Justice Power and Human Nature

Public Opinion and the Politics of War  Aristophanes  Lysistrata and Thucydides  on Justice  Power  and Human Nature Book
Author : Kyle Brady
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012-01-03
ISBN : 9781468167009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intersection of popular, public opinion and the prosecution of a war, or any armed conflict pursued by state-level interests, is well known in modern society - examples of this association abound throughout the last century. The awareness that the general public, in either a majority or plurality, of a state with recognizable democracy must support military engagements is common, but this key concept traces back much further than modernity. History, in fact, demonstrates quite clearly the need for popular support for such efforts as far back as the fifth century B.C.E.: without the public's consent, there can be no legitimate state-level action in the theater of war.

Justice Power and the Political Landscape

Justice  Power and the Political Landscape Book
Author : Kenneth Olwig,Donald Mitchell
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 1317996208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landscape is now on the agenda in a new way. The increasing interest in justice, power and the political landscape expresses a sea change occurring in the meaning of landscape itself, from landscape as scenery to landscape as polity and place. As Lionella Scazzosi argues "The meaning of the term ‘landscape’ has become broader than that of a view or panorama, which characterized many national protection laws and policies until the middle of the 20th century, and that of environment or nature, to which it has often been limited during the recent years of environmentalist battles." This is reflected in the new European Landscape Convention, for which: "’Landscape’ means an area, as perceived by people." The tide thus has turned towards J. B. Jackson’s view of landscape as not "a scenic or ecological entity but as a political or cultural entity, changing in the course of history." It is in this socio-political context that it becomes necessary to consider the role of power, and the importance of justice, in the shaping of the landscape as an area of practice and performance with both cultural and environmental implications. This book was previously published as two special issues of Landscape Research.

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations

Cosmopolitan Power in International Relations Book
Author : Giulio M. Gallarotti
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-09-27
ISBN : 1139489941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How can nations optimize their power in the modern world system? Realist theory has underscored the importance of hard power as the ultimate path to national strength. In this vision, nations require the muscle and strategies to compel compliance and achieve their full power potential. But in fact, changes in world politics have increasingly encouraged national leaders to complement traditional power resources with more enlightened strategies oriented around the use of soft power resources. The resources to compel compliance have to be increasingly integrated with the resources to cultivate compliance. Only through this integration of hard and soft power can nations truly achieve their greatest strength in modern world politics, and this realization carries important implications for competing paradigms of international relations. The idea of power optimization can only be delivered through the integration of the three leading paradigms of international relations: Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism.

Dialectics of Human Nature in Marx s Philosophy

Dialectics of Human Nature in Marx s Philosophy Book
Author : M. Tabak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-07-16
ISBN : 1137043148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A scholarly exploration of Marx's thought without any favorable or critical ideological agendas, this book opposes the compartmentalization of Marx's thought into various competing doctrines, such as historical materialism, dialectical materialism, and different forms of economic determinism.