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On Chip Communication Architectures

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On Chip Communication Architectures

On Chip Communication Architectures Book
Author : Sudeep Pasricha,Nikil Dutt
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2010-07-28
ISBN : 9780080558288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade, system-on-chip (SoC) designs have evolved to address the ever increasing complexity of applications, fueled by the era of digital convergence. Improvements in process technology have effectively shrunk board-level components so they can be integrated on a single chip. New on-chip communication architectures have been designed to support all inter-component communication in a SoC design. These communication architecture fabrics have a critical impact on the power consumption, performance, cost and design cycle time of modern SoC designs. As application complexity strains the communication backbone of SoC designs, academic and industrial R&D efforts and dollars are increasingly focused on communication architecture design. On-Chip Communication Architecures is a comprehensive reference on concepts, research and trends in on-chip communication architecture design. It will provide readers with a comprehensive survey, not available elsewhere, of all current standards for on-chip communication architectures. A definitive guide to on-chip communication architectures, explaining key concepts, surveying research efforts and predicting future trends Detailed analysis of all popular standards for on-chip communication architectures Comprehensive survey of all research on communication architectures, covering a wide range of topics relevant to this area, spanning the past several years, and up to date with the most current research efforts Future trends that with have a significant impact on research and design of communication architectures over the next several years

Modeling Analysis and Optimization of Network on Chip Communication Architectures

Modeling  Analysis and Optimization of Network on Chip Communication Architectures Book
Author : Umit Y. Ogras,Radu Marculescu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 9400739583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditionally, design space exploration for Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) has focused on the computational aspects of the problem at hand. However, as the number of components on a single chip and their performance continue to increase, the communication architecture plays a major role in the area, performance and energy consumption of the overall system. As a result, a shift from computation-based to communication-based design becomes mandatory. Towards this end, network-on-chip (NoC) communication architectures have emerged recently as a promising alternative to classical bus and point-to-point communication architectures. In this dissertation, we study outstanding research problems related to modeling, analysis and optimization of NoC communication architectures. More precisely, we present novel design methodologies, software tools and FPGA prototypes to aid the design of application-specific NoCs.

Communication Architectures for Systems on Chip

Communication Architectures for Systems on Chip Book
Author : José L. Ayala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1439841713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A presentation of state-of-the-art approaches from an industrial applications perspective, Communication Architectures for Systems-on-Chip shows professionals, researchers, and students how to attack the problem of data communication in the manufacture of SoC architectures. With its lucid illustration of current trends and research improving the performance, quality, and reliability of transactions, this is an essential reference for anyone dealing with communication mechanisms for embedded systems, systems-on-chip, and multiprocessor architectures—or trying to overcome existing limitations. Exploring architectures currently implemented in manufactured SoCs—and those being proposed—this book analyzes a wide range of applications, including: Well-established communication buses Less common networks-on-chip Modern technologies that include the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Optical links used to speed up data transfer and boost both security and quality of service (QoS) The book’s contributors pay special attention to newer problems, including how to protect transactions of critical on-chip information (personal data, security keys, etc.) from an external attack. They examine mechanisms, revise communication protocols involved, and analyze overall impact on system performance.

Network on Chip

Network on Chip Book
Author : Santanu Kundu,Santanu Chattopadhyay
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1466565276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addresses the Challenges Associated with System-on-Chip Integration Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration examines the current issues restricting chip-on-chip communication efficiency, and explores Network-on-chip (NoC), a promising alternative that equips designers with the capability to produce a scalable, reusable, and high-performance communication backbone by allowing for the integration of a large number of cores on a single system-on-chip (SoC). This book provides a basic overview of topics associated with NoC-based design: communication infrastructure design, communication methodology, evaluation framework, and mapping of applications onto NoC. It details the design and evaluation of different proposed NoC structures, low-power techniques, signal integrity and reliability issues, application mapping, testing, and future trends. Utilizing examples of chips that have been implemented in industry and academia, this text presents the full architectural design of components verified through implementation in industrial CAD tools. It describes NoC research and developments, incorporates theoretical proofs strengthening the analysis procedures, and includes algorithms used in NoC design and synthesis. In addition, it considers other upcoming NoC issues, such as low-power NoC design, signal integrity issues, NoC testing, reconfiguration, synthesis, and 3-D NoC design. This text comprises 12 chapters and covers: The evolution of NoC from SoC—its research and developmental challenges NoC protocols, elaborating flow control, available network topologies, routing mechanisms, fault tolerance, quality-of-service support, and the design of network interfaces The router design strategies followed in NoCs The evaluation mechanism of NoC architectures The application mapping strategies followed in NoCs Low-power design techniques specifically followed in NoCs The signal integrity and reliability issues of NoC The details of NoC testing strategies reported so far The problem of synthesizing application-specific NoCs Reconfigurable NoC design issues Direction of future research and development in the field of NoC Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration covers the basic topics, technology, and future trends relevant to NoC-based design, and can be used by engineers, students, and researchers and other industry professionals interested in computer architecture, embedded systems, and parallel/distributed systems.

Networks on Chips

Networks on Chips Book
Author : Fayez Gebali,Haytham Elmiligi,Mohamed Watheq El-Kharashi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-06-03
ISBN : 1439859639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The implementation of networks-on-chip (NoC) technology in VLSI integration presents a variety of unique challenges. To deal with specific design solutions and research hurdles related to intra-chip data exchange, engineers are challenged to invoke a wide range of disciplines and specializations while maintaining a focused approach. Leading Researchers Present Cutting-Edge Designs Tools Networks-on-Chips: Theory and Practice facilitates this process, detailing the NoC paradigm and its benefits in separating IP design and functionality from chip communication requirements and interfacing. It starts with an analysis of 3-D NoC architectures and progresses to a discussion of NoC resource allocation, processor traffic modeling, and formal verification, with an examination of protocols at different layers of abstraction. An exploration of design methodologies, CAD tool development, and system testing, as well as communication protocol, the text highlights important emerging research issues, such as Resource Allocation for Quality of Service (QoS) on-chip communication Testing, verification, and network design methodologies Architectures for interconnection, real-time monitoring, and security requirements Networks-on-Chip Protocols Presents a flexible MPSoC platform to easily implement multimedia applications and evaluate future video encoding standards This useful guide tackles power and energy issues in NoC-based designs, addressing the power constraints that currently limit the embedding of more processing elements on a single chip. It covers traffic modeling and discusses the details of traffic generators. Using unique case studies and examples, it covers theoretical and practical issues, guiding readers through every phase of system design.

Multiprocessor Systems on chips

Multiprocessor Systems on chips Book
Author : Ahmed Amine Jerraya,Wayne Wolf
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2005
ISBN : 012385251X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book to survey this emerging field in digital system design.

System on Chip for Real Time Applications

System on Chip for Real Time Applications Book
Author : Wael Badawy,Graham A. Julien
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-10-31
ISBN : 9781402072543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

System-on-Chip for Real-Time Applications will be of interest to engineers, both in industry and academia, working in the area of SoC VLSI design and application. It will also be useful to graduate and undergraduate students in electrical and computer engineering and computer science. A selected set of papers from the 2nd International Workshop on Real-Time Applications were used to form the basis of this book. It is organized into the following chapters: -Introduction; -Design Reuse; -Modeling; -Architecture; -Design Techniques; -Memory; -Circuits; -Low Power; -Interconnect and Technology; -MEMS. System-on-Chip for Real-Time Applications contains many signal processing applications and will be of particular interest to those working in that community.

Error Control for Network on Chip Links

Error Control for Network on Chip Links Book
Author : Bo Fu,Paul Ampadu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-09
ISBN : 9781441993137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of the state of the art in error control for Network on Chip (NOC) links. Coverage includes detailed description of key issues in NOC error control faced by circuit and system designers, as well as practical error control techniques to minimize the impact of these errors on system performance.

Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing

Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing Book
Author : Haj Jin,Omer F. Rana,Yi Pan,Victor K. Prasanna
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-31
ISBN : 3540729046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parallel and distributed computing in the 1980s and 1990s had great in?uence onapplication developmentin science, engineering andbusiness computing. The improvements in computation and communication capabilities have enabled the creation of demanding applications in critical domains such as the environment, health, aerospace, and other areas of science and technology. Similarly, new classesofapplicationsareenabledbytheavailabilityofheterogeneouslarge-scale distributed systems which are becoming available nowadays (based on techno- giessuchasgridandpeer-to-peersystems).Parallelcomputingsystemsexploita large diversity of computer architectures, from supercomputers, shared-memory or distributed-memory multi processors, to local networks and clusters of p- sonal computers. With the recent emergence of multi core architectures, parallel computing is now set to achieve “mainstream” status. Approaches that have been advocated by parallelcomputing researchersin the past are now being utilized in a number of software libraries and hardware systems that are available for everyday use. Parallel computing ideas have also come to dominate areas such as multi user gaming (especially in the development of gaming engines based on “cell” arc- tectures) – often ignored by many “serious” researchers in the past, but which now are set to have a growing user base of tens of millions across the world. In recent years, focus has also shifted to support energy e?ciency in com- tation, with some researchers proposing a new metric of performance based on Flops/Watt.

Designing Network On Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era

Designing Network On Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era Book
Author : Jose Flich,Davide Bertozzi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-12-18
ISBN : 1439837112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Going beyond isolated research ideas and design experiences, Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era covers the foundations and design methods of network on-chip (NoC) technology. The contributors draw on their own lessons learned to provide strong practical guidance on various design issues. Exploring the design process of the network, the first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of switch architecture and design, topology selection, and routing implementation. In the second part, contributors discuss their experiences in the industry, offering a roadmap to recent products. They describe Tilera’s TILE family of multicore processors, novel Intel products and research prototypes, and the TRIPS operand network (OPN). The last part reveals state-of-the-art solutions to hardware-related issues and explains how to efficiently implement the programming model at the network interface. In the appendix, the microarchitectural details of two switch architectures targeting multiprocessor system-on-chips (MPSoCs) and chip multiprocessors (CMPs) can be used as an experimental platform for running tests. A stepping stone to the evolution of future chip architectures, this volume provides a how-to guide for designers of current NoCs as well as designers involved with 2015 computing platforms. It cohesively brings together fundamental design issues, alternative design paradigms and techniques, and the main design tradeoffs—consistently focusing on topics most pertinent to real-world NoC designers.

Advanced Multicore Systems On Chip

Advanced Multicore Systems On Chip Book
Author : Abderazek Ben Abdallah
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-10
ISBN : 9811060924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From basic architecture, interconnection, and parallelization to power optimization, this book provides a comprehensive description of emerging multicore systems-on-chip (MCSoCs) hardware and software design. Highlighting both fundamentals and advanced software and hardware design, it can serve as a primary textbook for advanced courses in MCSoCs design and embedded systems. The first three chapters introduce MCSoCs architectures, present design challenges and conventional design methods, and describe in detail the main building blocks of MCSoCs. Chapters 4, 5, and 6 discuss fundamental and advanced on-chip interconnection network technologies for multi and many core SoCs, enabling readers to understand the microarchitectures for on-chip routers and network interfaces that are essential in the context of latency, area, and power constraints. With the rise of multicore and many-core systems, concurrency is becoming a major issue in the daily life of a programmer. Thus, compiler and software development tools are critical in helping programmers create high-performance software. Programmers should make sure that their parallelized program codes will not cause race condition, memory-access deadlocks, or other faults that may crash their entire systems. As such, Chapter 7 describes a novel parallelizing compiler design for high-performance computing. Chapter 8 provides a detailed investigation of power reduction techniques for MCSoCs at component and network levels. It discusses energy conservation in general hardware design, and also in embedded multicore system components, such as CPUs, disks, displays and memories. Lastly, Chapter 9 presents a real embedded MCSoCs system design targeted for health monitoring in the elderly.

Performance and Energy Evaluation of Parallelization Strategies for Network on Chip Communication Architectures

Performance and Energy Evaluation of Parallelization Strategies for Network on Chip Communication Architectures Book
Author : Harikrishna Menon Thelakkat
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The substantial amount of research pertaining to the usage of optical networks for communication between cores in a multicore processor underlines the need for effective communication schemes. This necessitates the exploration of the efficiency of an optical network with a suitable benchmark which compares the different features essential for having an effective communication between the cores. As far as communication in a network is considered, the parameters that are most crucial are the delays and energy consumption. This thesis focuses on an industrial-sized application from the image processing field, Canny Edge Detector, to compare the performance in terms of network parameters which are the contention delay, latency and the energy consumption with the different settings on the network on chip simulator. The Canny Edge Detector application is implemented with various software parallelization schemes for better performance as compared to the normal serialized application. Also, to analyze the effectiveness of multicore processors, a comparison among sequential and parallelized coding techniques is performed in this thesis. Software parallelization schemes applied to the algorithm executed on optical network architectures improve the latency and delay of the network up to 60% in the best case, while the total energy consumption values have a worst case overhead of around 50%. For almost all the configuration parameters, the parallelized schemes provide much better results for the outputs than the sequential implementation. The design parameters help determine the optimal amount of resources required for efficient execution of an image processing algorithm using a moderate to heavy workload on an NoC based on the minimal delay and energy consumption values.

Integrated System Level Modeling of Network on Chip enabled Multi Processor Platforms

Integrated System Level Modeling of Network on Chip enabled Multi Processor Platforms Book
Author : Tim Kogel,Rainer Leupers,Heinrich Meyr
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-08-25
ISBN : 1402048262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated System-Level Modeling of Network-on-Chip Enabled Multi-Processor Platforms first gives a comprehensive update on recent developments in the area of SoC platforms and ESL design methodologies. The main contribution is the rigorous definition of a framework for modeling at the timing approximate level of abstraction. Subsequently this book presents a set of tools for the creation and exploration of timing approximate SoC platform models.

Dynamic Reconfigurable Network on Chip Design Innovations for Computational Processing and Communication

Dynamic Reconfigurable Network on Chip Design  Innovations for Computational Processing and Communication Book
Author : Shen, Jih-Sheng,Hsiung, Pao-Ann
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2010-06-30
ISBN : 1615208089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reconfigurable computing brings immense flexibility to on-chip processing while network-on-chip has improved flexibility in on-chip communication. Integrating these two areas of research reaps the benefits of both and represents the promising future of multiprocessor systems-on-chip. This book is the one of the first compilations written to demonstrate this future for network-on-chip design. Through dynamic and creative research into questions ranging from integrating reconfigurable computing techniques, to task assigning, scheduling and arrival, to designing an operating system to take advantage of the computing and communication flexibilities brought about by run-time reconfiguration and network-on-chip, it represents a complete source of the techniques and applications for reconfigurable network-on-chip necessary for understanding of future of this field.

Routing Algorithms in Networks on Chip

Routing Algorithms in Networks on Chip Book
Author : Maurizio Palesi,Masoud Daneshtalab
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1461482747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a single-source reference to routing algorithms for Networks-on-Chip (NoCs), as well as in-depth discussions of advanced solutions applied to current and next generation, many core NoC-based Systems-on-Chip (SoCs). After a basic introduction to the NoC design paradigm and architectures, routing algorithms for NoC architectures are presented and discussed at all abstraction levels, from the algorithmic level to actual implementation. Coverage emphasizes the role played by the routing algorithm and is organized around key problems affecting current and next generation, many-core SoCs. A selection of routing algorithms is included, specifically designed to address key issues faced by designers in the ultra-deep sub-micron (UDSM) era, including performance improvement, power, energy, and thermal issues, fault tolerance and reliability.

Sustainable Wireless Network on Chip Architectures

Sustainable Wireless Network on Chip Architectures Book
Author : Jacob Murray,Paul Wettin,Partha Pratim Pande,Behrooz Shirazi
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2016-03-25
ISBN : 0128036516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures focuses on developing novel Dynamic Thermal Management (DTM) and Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in WiNoC architectures. The methodologies proposed—combined with extensive experimental validation—collectively represent efforts to create a sustainable NoC architecture for future many-core chips. Current research trends show a necessary paradigm shift towards green and sustainable computing. As implementing massively parallel energy-efficient CPUs and reducing resource consumption become standard, and their speed and power continuously increase, energy issues become a significant concern. The need for promoting research in sustainable computing is imperative. As hundreds of cores are integrated in a single chip, designing effective packages for dissipating maximum heat is infeasible. Moreover, technology scaling is pushing the limits of affordable cooling, thereby requiring suitable design techniques to reduce peak temperatures. Addressing thermal concerns at different design stages is critical to the success of future generation systems. DTM and DVFS appear as solutions to avoid high spatial and temporal temperature variations among NoC components, and thereby mitigate local network hotspots. Defines new complex, sustainable network-on-chip architectures to reduce network latency and energy Develops topology-agnostic dynamic thermal management and dynamic voltage and frequency scaling techniques Describes joint strategies for network- and core-level sustainability Discusses novel algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in Wireless Network-on-Chip architectures

Low Power Networks on Chip

Low Power Networks on Chip Book
Author : Cristina Silvano,Marcello Lajolo,Gianluca Palermo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-24
ISBN : 9781441969118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, both Networks-on-Chip, as an architectural solution for high-speed interconnect, and power consumption, as a key design constraint, have continued to gain interest in the design and research communities. This book offers a single-source reference to some of the most important design techniques proposed in the context of low-power design for networks-on-chip architectures.

Designing 2D and 3D Network on Chip Architectures

Designing 2D and 3D Network on Chip Architectures Book
Author : Konstantinos Tatas,Kostas Siozios,Dimitrios Soudris,Axel Jantsch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-08
ISBN : 1461442745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers key concepts in the design of 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip interconnect. It highlights design challenges and discusses fundamentals of NoC technology, including architectures, algorithms and tools. Coverage focuses on topology exploration for both 2D and 3D NoCs, routing algorithms, NoC router design, NoC-based system integration, verification and testing, and NoC reliability. Case studies are used to illuminate new design methodologies.

Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications Volume 2

Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications   Volume 2 Book
Author : Jeng-Shyang Pan,Ching-Nung Yang,Chia-Chen Lin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-15
ISBN : 3642354734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of Intelligent Systems and Applications has expanded enormously during the last two decades. Theoretical and practical results in this area are growing rapidly due to many successful applications and new theories derived from many diverse problems. This book is dedicated to the Intelligent Systems and Applications in many different aspects. In particular, this book is to provide highlights of the current research in Intelligent Systems and Applications. It consists of research papers in the following specific topics: l Authentication, Identification, and Signature l Intrusion Detection l Steganography, Data Hiding, and Watermarking l Database, System, and Communication Security l Computer Vision, Object Tracking, and Pattern Recognition l Image Processing, Medical Image Processing, and Video Coding l Digital Content, Digital Life, and Human Computer Interaction l Parallel, Peer-to-peer, Distributed, and Cloud Computing l Software Engineering and Programming Language This book provides a reference to theoretical problems as well as practical solutions and applications for the state-of-the-art results in Intelligent Systems and Applications on the aforementioned topics. In particular, both the academic community (graduate students, post-doctors and faculties) in Electrical Engineering, Computer Science, and Applied Mathematics; and the industrial community (engineers, engineering managers, programmers, research lab staffs and managers, security managers) will find this book interesting.