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Oil Spill Dispersants

Oil Spill Dispersants Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Understanding Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-09-23
ISBN : 030909562X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately 3 million gallons of oil or refined petroleum products are spilled into U.S. waters every year. Oil dispersants (chemical agents such as surfactants, solvents, and other compounds) are used to reduce the effect of oil spills by changing the chemical and physical properties of the oil. By enhancing the amount of oil that physically mixes into the water, dispersants can reduce the potential that a surface slick will contaminate shoreline habitats. Although called for in the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 as a tool for minimizing the impact of oil spills, the use of chemical dispersants has long been controversial. This book reviews the adequacy of existing information and ongoing research regarding the effectiveness of dispersants as an oil spill response technique, as well as the effect of dispersed oil on marine and coastal ecosystems. Oil Spill Dispersants also includes recommended steps for policy makers faced with making hard choices regarding the use of dispersants as part of spill contingency planning efforts or during actual spills.

Oil Spill Dispersants

Oil Spill Dispersants Book
Author : National Research Council Staff,Committee on Understanding Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects,Ocean Studies Board,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academy Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately 3 million gallons of oil or refined petroleum products are spilled into U.S. waters every year. Oil dispersants (chemical agents such as surfactants, solvents, and other compounds) are used to reduce the effect of oil spills by changing the chemical and physical properties of the oil. By enhancing the amount of oil that physically mixes into the water, dispersants can reduce the potential that a surface slick will contaminate shoreline habitats. Although called for in the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 as a tool for minimizing the impact of oil spills, the use of chemical dispersants has long been controversial. This book reviews the adequacy of existing information and ongoing research regarding the effectiveness of dispersants as an oil spill response technique, as well as the effect of dispersed oil on marine and coastal ecosystems. Oil Spill Dispersants also includes recommended steps for policy makers faced with making hard choices regarding the use of dispersants as part of spill contingency planning efforts or during actual spills.

Oil Spill Chemical Dispersants

Oil Spill Chemical Dispersants Book
Author : Tom E. Allen
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1984
ISBN : 9780803104006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Oil Spill Chemical Dispersants book written by Tom E. Allen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Oil Spill Recovery Technology

Oil Spill Recovery Technology Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on the Environment and the Atmosphere
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Oil Spill Recovery Technology book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on the Environment and the Atmosphere, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea

Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Marine Board,Committee on Effectiveness of Oil Spill Dispersants
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1989-01-01
ISBN : 0309090458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While major oil spills are rare, oil slicks can have disastrous environmental and economic consequences. This book summarizes research on the use of chemical dispersants: their effectiveness and limitations and the results of using them in different spill situations. Based on laboratory and field research as well as on actual case histories, this book contains a clear-cut set of recommendations for action, planning, and research. Of special interest is the chapter on the biological effects of oil itself and of oil treated with chemical dispersants.

Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions VI

Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions VI Book
Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1845641671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume deals with problems related to monitoring, analysis and modelling of coastal regions, including sea, land and air phenomena. Bringing together papers presented at the Sixth International Conference on Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions, the book focuses on ecological and environmental problems and the issues of water quality. The book will be essential to researchers, engineers and professionals involved in the field of Coastal Environmental quality and the related challenges to monitoring and controlling Oil Spills. Topics of interest include: Remote Sensing; Ecology and the Coastal Environment; Water Quality Issues; Wetlands; Sediment Problems; Coastal Restoration; Atmospheric Aspects; Sea States Forecasting; Modelling of Trajectory and Fate of Spills; Bioremediation; Detection, Prevention and Clean-up Measures; Erosion Problems; Management of Risk; Preservation of Pristine Coastal Areas; Estuarial Problems; Floods; Climate Change and the Coastal Environment.

Oil Spill Studies

Oil Spill Studies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Oil Spill Studies book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies Book
Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0128044357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies includes 34 chapters that serve to present various aspects of environmental forensics in relation to “real-world oil spill case studies from around the globe. Authors representing academic, government, and private researcher groups from 14 countries bring a diverse and global perspective to this volume. Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies addresses releases of natural gas/methane, automotive gasoline and other petroleum fuels, lubricants, vegetable oils, paraffin waxes, bitumen, manufactured gas plant residues, urban runoff, and, of course, crude oil, the latter ranging from light Bakken shale oil to heavy Canadian oil sands oil. New challenges surrounding forensic investigations of stray gas in the shallow subsurface, volatiles in air, dissolved chemicals in water (including passive samplers), and biological tissues associated with oil spills are included, as are the effects and long-term oil weathering, long-term monitoring in urbanized and non-urbanized environments, fate and transport, forensic historical research, new analytical and chemical data processing and interpretation methods. Presents cases in each chapter on the application of specific oil spill environmental forensic techniques Features chapters written by international experts from both academia and industry Includes relevant concepts and theories elucidated for each theme

Oil Spill Studies

Oil Spill Studies Book
Author : Geraldine V. Cox
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Oil Spill Studies book written by Geraldine V. Cox, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Responding to Oil Spills in the U S Arctic Marine Environment

Responding to Oil Spills in the U S  Arctic Marine Environment Book
Author : National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Marine Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Polar Research Board,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2014-08-01
ISBN : 030929889X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

U.S. Arctic waters north of the Bering Strait and west of the Canadian border encompass a vast area that is usually ice covered for much of the year, but is increasingly experiencing longer periods and larger areas of open water due to climate change. Sparsely inhabited with a wide variety of ecosystems found nowhere else, this region is vulnerable to damage from human activities. As oil and gas, shipping, and tourism activities increase, the possibilities of an oil spill also increase. How can we best prepare to respond to such an event in this challenging environment? Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment reviews the current state of the science regarding oil spill response and environmental assessment in the Arctic region north of the Bering Strait, with emphasis on the potential impacts in U.S. waters. This report describes the unique ecosystems and environment of the Arctic and makes recommendations to provide an effective response effort in these challenging conditions. According to Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment, a full range of proven oil spill response technologies is needed in order to minimize the impacts on people and sensitive ecosystems. This report identifies key oil spill research priorities, critical data and monitoring needs, mitigation strategies, and important operational and logistical issues. The Arctic acts as an integrating, regulating, and mediating component of the physical, atmospheric and cryospheric systems that govern life on Earth. Not only does the Arctic serve as regulator of many of the Earth's large-scale systems and processes, but it is also an area where choices made have substantial impact on life and choices everywhere on planet Earth. This report's recommendations will assist environmentalists, industry, state and local policymakers, and anyone interested in the future of this special region to preserve and protect it from damaging oil spills.

Coastal Environment V Incorporating Oil Spill Studies

Coastal Environment V  Incorporating Oil Spill Studies Book
Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Highlighting the monitoring, analysis and modelling of environmental problems in coastal regions, including sea, air and other phenomena, this book features papers from the fifth international conference on the subject.

Campeche Oil Spill

Campeche Oil Spill Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Campeche Oil Spill book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Marine Oil Pollution

Marine Oil Pollution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Marine Oil Pollution book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Thesis i e Tsesis Oil Spill

The Thesis  i e  Tsesis  Oil Spill Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Thesis i e Tsesis Oil Spill book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Use of Dispersants in Marine Oil Spill Response

The Use of Dispersants in Marine Oil Spill Response Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Evaluation of the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-05-24
ISBN : 0309478189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whether the result of an oil well blowout, vessel collision or grounding, leaking pipeline, or other incident at sea, each marine oil spill will present unique circumstances and challenges. The oil type and properties, location, time of year, duration of spill, water depth, environmental conditions, affected biomes, potential human community impact, and available resources may vary significantly. Also, each spill may be governed by policy guidelines, such as those set forth in the National Response Plan, Regional Response Plans, or Area Contingency Plans. To respond effectively to the specific conditions presented during an oil spill, spill responders have used a variety of response optionsâ€"including mechanical recovery of oil using skimmers and booms, in situ burning of oil, monitored natural attenuation of oil, and dispersion of oil by chemical dispersants. Because each response method has advantages and disadvantages, it is important to understand specific scenarios where a net benefit may be achieved by using a particular tool or combination of tools. This report builds on two previous National Research Council reports on dispersant use to provide a current understanding of the state of science and to inform future marine oil spill response operations. The response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill included an unprecedented use of dispersants via both surface application and subsea injection. The magnitude of the spill stimulated interest and funding for research on oil spill response, and dispersant use in particular. This study assesses the effects and efficacy of dispersants as an oil spill response tool and evaluates trade-offs associated with dispersant use.

The spreading retention and clean up of oil spills

The spreading  retention  and clean up of oil spills Book
Author : University of Rhode Island
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The spreading retention and clean up of oil spills book written by University of Rhode Island, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fate and Effect Studies of Shell Oil Spill Dec 1970

Fate and Effect Studies of Shell Oil Spill  Dec 1970 Book
Author : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Monitoring
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fate and Effect Studies of Shell Oil Spill Dec 1970 book written by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Monitoring, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Current Research Profile for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Area

Current Research Profile for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Area Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Current Research Profile for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Area book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 0128039027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics: Fingerprinting and Source Identification, Second Edition, provides users with the latest information on the tools and methods that have become popular over the past ten years. The book presents practitioners with the latest environmental forensics techniques and best practices for quickly identifying the sources of spills, how to form an effective response, and how to determine liability. This second edition represents a complete overhaul of the existing chapters, and includes 13 new chapters on methods and applications, such as emerging application of PAHi isomers in oil spill forensics, development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices. Contains 13 new chapters on methods and applications, including emerging application of PAH isomers in oil drill forensics, the development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and the fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices Presents the latest technology and methods in biodegradation of oil hydrocarbons and its implications for source identification, surface trajectory modeling of marine oil spills, and identification of hydrocarbons in biological samples for source determination Contains new case studies to illustrate key applications, methods, and techniques