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Offshore Wind Energy Technology

Offshore Wind Energy Technology Book
Author : Olimpo Anaya-Lara,John Olav Tande,Kjetil Uhlen,Karl Merz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-04-23
ISBN : 1119097762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

About offshore wind enery production. Includes information on both fixed and floating turbine support structures.

Floating Offshore Wind Farms

Floating Offshore Wind Farms Book
Author : Laura Castro-Santos,Vicente Diaz-Casas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-05
ISBN : 3319279726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of floating offshore wind farms and focuses on the economic aspects of this renewable-energy technology. It presents economic maps demonstrating the main costs, and explores various important aspects of floating offshore wind farms. It examines topics including offshore wind turbines, floating offshore wind platforms, mooring and anchoring, as well as offshore electrical systems. It is a particularly useful resource in light of the fact that most water masses are deep and therefore not suitable for fixed offshore wind farms. A valuable reference work for students and researchers interested in naval and ocean engineering and economics, this book provides a new perspective on floating offshore wind farms, and makes a useful contribution to the existing literature.

Energy Transmission and Grid Integration of AC Offshore Wind Farms

Energy Transmission and Grid Integration of AC Offshore Wind Farms Book
Author : Markel Zubiaga,Sergio Aurtenetxea
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-03-21
ISBN : 9535103687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyses the key issues of the offshore wind farm's energy transmission and grid integration infrastructure. But, for this purpose, there are not evaluated all the electric configurations. In the present book is deeply evaluated a representative case. This representative case is built starting from three generic characteristics of an offshore wind farm: the rated power, the distance to shore and the average wind speed of the location. Thus, after a brief description of concepts related to wind power and several subsea cable modeling options, an offshore wind farm is modeled and its parameters defined to use as a base case. Upon this base case, several analyses of the key aspects of the connection infrastructure are performed. The first aspect to analyze is the management of the reactive power flowing through the submarine cable. Then, the undesired harmonic amplifications in the offshore wind farms due to the resonances and after this, transient over-voltage problems in the electric infrastructure are characterized. Finally, an offshore wind farm connection infrastructure is proposed in order to achieve the grid code requirements for a specific system operator, but not as a close solution, as a result of a methodology based on analyses and simulations to define the most suitable layout depending on the size and location of each offshore wind farm.

Offshore Wind Farms

Offshore Wind Farms Book
Author : Chong Ng,Li Ran
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-03
ISBN : 0081007809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offshore Wind Farms: Technologies, Design and Operation provides the latest information on offshore wind energy, one of Europe’s most promising and quickly maturing industries, and a potentially huge untapped renewable energy source which could contribute significantly towards EU 20-20-20 renewable energy generation targets. It has been estimated that by 2030 Europe could have 150GW of offshore wind energy capacity, meeting 14% of our power demand. Offshore Wind Farms: Technologies, Design and Operation provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging technologies, design, and operation of offshore wind farms. Part One introduces offshore wind energy as well as offshore wind turbine siting with expert analysis of economics, wind resources, and remote sensing technologies. The second section provides an overview of offshore wind turbine materials and design, while part three outlines the integration of wind farms into power grids with insights to cabling and energy storage. The final section of the book details the installation and operation of offshore wind farms with chapters on condition monitoring and health and safety, amongst others. Provides an in-depth, multi-contributor, comprehensive overview of offshore technologies, including design, monitoring, and operation Edited by respected and leading experts in the field, with experience in both academia and industry Covers a highly relevant and important topic given the great potential of offshore wind power in contributing significantly to EU 20-20-20 renewable energy targets

Offshore Wind Energy Generation

Offshore Wind Energy Generation Book
Author : Olimpo Anaya-Lara,David Campos-Gaona,Edgar Moreno-Goytia,Grain Adam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-06-03
ISBN : 1118539621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The offshore wind sector’s trend towards larger turbines, bigger wind farm projects and greater distance to shore has a critical impact on grid connection requirements for offshore wind power plants. This important reference sets out the fundamentals and latest innovations in electrical systems and control strategies deployed in offshore electricity grids for wind power integration. Includes: All current and emerging technologies for offshore wind integration and trends in energy storage systems, fault limiters, superconducting cables and gas-insulated transformers Protection of offshore wind farms illustrating numerous system integration and protection challenges through case studies Modelling of doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG) and full-converter wind turbines structures together with an explanation of the smart grid concept in the context of wind farms Comprehensive material on power electronic equipment employed in wind turbines with emphasis on enabling technologies (HVDC, STATCOM) to facilitate the connection and compensation of large-scale onshore and offshore wind farms Worked examples and case studies to help understand the dynamic interaction between HVDC links and offshore wind generation Concise description of the voltage source converter topologies, control and operation for offshore wind farm applications Companion website containing simulation models of the cases discussed throughout Equipping electrical engineers for the engineering challenges in utility-scale offshore wind farms, this is an essential resource for power system and connection code designers and pratitioners dealing with integation of wind generation and the modelling and control of wind turbines. It will also provide high-level support to academic researchers and advanced students in power and renewable energy as well as technical and research staff in transmission and distribution system operators and in wind turbine and electrical equipment manufacturers.

On the Effect of Offshore Wind Farms on the Atmosphere and Ocean Dynamics

On the Effect of Offshore Wind Farms on the Atmosphere and Ocean Dynamics Book
Author : Elke Ludewig
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-31
ISBN : 3319086413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Renewable energy resources now play an essential role in the energy supply debate, and especially a new interest in wind energy has resulted in the intensified construction of wind farms. Thanks to the growing demand for renewable energy, offshore wind farms (OWFs) are increasingly gaining in popularity, since yields over sea are greater and more reliable than over land. Against this background it is becoming particularly urgent to determine whether and if so to what extent such OWF expansion affects our oceans and local climates. OWFs produce a downstream wind speed reduction, the so-called wind-wake effect, which impacts atmospheric boundary layers, alters local wind characteristics and in turn affects ocean dynamics. This book will help readers to understand in detail these OWF-induced changes in the atmosphere and ocean by analyzing model simulations and measurements. In this context, OWF-induced upwelling and downwelling are key aspects.

Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy

Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy Book
Author : Paul A. Lynn
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-12-12
ISBN : 047097608X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book uses academic content and rigor to introduce all relevant topics, from global wind resource and historical background, through to modern electricity generation and distribution, including the topical subject area of offshore systems"--

Wildlife and Wind Farms Conflicts and Solutions

Wildlife and Wind Farms   Conflicts and Solutions Book
Author : Martin Perrow
Publisher : Pelagic Publishing Ltd
Release : 2019-01-17
ISBN : 1784271284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wind farms are an essential component of global renewable energy policy and the action to limit the effects of climate change. There is, however, considerable concern over the impacts of wind farms on wildlife, leading to a wide range of research and monitoring studies, a growing body of literature and several international conferences on the topic. This unique multi-volume work provides a comprehensive overview of the interactions between wind farms and wildlife. Volume 3 documents the current knowledge of the potential effects upon wildlife during both construction and operation of offshore wind farms. An introductory chapter on the nature of wind farms and the legislation surrounding them is followed by a series of in-depth chapters documenting effects on physical processes, atmosphere and ocean dynamics, seabed communities, fish, marine mammals, migratory birds and bats and seabirds. A synopsis of the known and potential effects of wind farms upon wildlife concludes the volume. The authors have been carefully selected from across the globe from the large number of academics, consultants and practitioners now engaged in wind farm studies, for their influential contribution to the science. Edited by Martin Perrow and with contributions by 30 leading researchers including: Göran Broström, Steven Degraer, Mike Elliot, Andrew Gill, Ommo Hüppop, Georg Nehls and Nicolas Vanermen. The authors represent a wide range of organisations and institutions including the Universities of Gothenburg, Hamburg and Hull, Alfred Wegener Institute, Cefas (UK), Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Vattenfall and several leading consultancies. Each chapter includes informative figures, tables, colour photographs and detailed case studies, including some from invited authors to showcase exciting new research. Other volumes: Volume 1: Onshore: Potential Effects (978-1-78427-119-0) Volume 2: Onshore: Monitoring and Mitigation (978-1-78427-123-7) Volume 4: Offshore: Monitoring and Mitigation (978-1-78427-131-2)

Wind Energy Handbook

Wind Energy Handbook Book
Author : Tony Burton,Nick Jenkins,David Sharpe,Ervin Bossanyi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-05-18
ISBN : 9781119993926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Named as one of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles of 2012 Every year, Choice subject editors recognise the most significant print and electronic works reviewed in Choice during the previous calendar year. Appearing annually in Choice's January issue, this prestigious list of publications reflects the best in scholarly titles and attracts extraordinary attention from the academic library community. The authoritative reference on wind energy, now fully revised and updated to include offshore wind power A decade on from its first release, the Wind Energy Handbook, Second Edition, reflects the advances in technology underpinning the continued expansion of the global wind power sector. Harnessing their collective industrial and academic expertise, the authors provide a comprehensive introduction to wind turbine design and wind farm planning for onshore and offshore wind-powered electricity generation. The major change since the first edition is the addition of a new chapter on offshore wind turbines and offshore wind farm development. Opening with a survey of the present state of offshore wind farm development, the chapter goes on to consider resource assessment and array losses. Then wave loading on support structures is examined in depth, including wind and wave load combinations and descriptions of applicable wave theories. After sections covering optimum machine size and offshore turbine reliability, the different types of support structure deployed to date are described in turn, with emphasis on monopiles, including fatigue analysis in the frequency domain. Final sections examine the assessment of environmental impacts and the design of the power collection and transmission cable network. New coverage features: turbulence models updated to reflect the latest design standards, including an introduction to the Mann turbulence model extended treatment of horizontal axis wind turbines aerodynamics, now including a survey of wind turbine aerofoils, dynamic stall and computational fluid dynamics developments in turbine design codes techniques for extrapolating extreme loads from simulation results an introduction to the NREL cost model comparison of options for variable speed operation in-depth treatment of individual blade pitch control grid code requirements and the principles governing the connection of large wind farms to transmission networks four pages of full-colour pictures that illustrate blade manufacture, turbine construction and offshore support structure installation Firmly established as an essential reference, Wind Energy Handbook, Second Edition will prove a real asset to engineers, turbine designers and wind energy consultants both in industry and research. Advanced engineering students and new entrants to the wind energy sector will also find it an invaluable resource.

Harmonic Interactions in HVAC connected Offshore Windfarms

Harmonic Interactions in HVAC connected Offshore Windfarms Book
Author : Lara Depla
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The connection of new Offshore Wind Power Plants (OWPP) in the existing Dutch transmission system gives rise to many technical challenges. For example, it is expected that harmonic issues will occur more frequently when the number of large offshore wind farms increases. Cases have already been reported in which resonances were triggered in HVDC- or HVAC-connected OWPPs and the wind farms had to be taken out of operation. Recently developed offshore wind farms contain wind turbines which are connected to the system with a full-scale back-to-back Voltage Source Converter, which is responsible for inserting harmonics into the system. The onshore grid is also responsible for injecting harmonics. Since the wind turbine converter is an active element, where the control loops actively determine its electrical behaviour, it interacts with other converters and with the background harmonics inserted from the network. The initial harmonic emissions and the harmonic interactions can lead to an excitation of a resonance frequency. The cables, transformers, capacitor banks and filters are responsible for shifting the resonance frequencies. Especially a long HV export cable can strongly alter the resonance frequencies of the system. To analyze the impact of connecting an increasing amount of wind farms to the same Point of Connection on the harmonic emission levels, a Harmonic Impact Assessment was performed for three offshore wind farms in the Dutch North Sea. Since the wind turbine converters are active elements, its electrical behaviour can be captured with an equivalent impedance, or Norton Equivalent. This Norton Equivalent was utilized in the Harmonic Impact Assessment to include the active behaviour of the converter. When comparing this novel approach to the conventional methodology, the expected peaks in the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) are shifted. When an increasing amount of wind farms is connected, peaks in the THD shifted to lower frequencies. Then, depending on the specific profile of the background harmonics and the impedance profiles of the grid and the OWPP, this translates into the disappearance of appearance of an exceedance of the emission limits. The effect of connecting two wind farms to the same Point of Connection instead of a single wind farm on the harmonic stability, was assessed. Frequency sweeps of the two assessed wind farms made clear that the presence of an additional filter in a wind farm leads to a small shift in the series resonance points. When multiple wind farms are connected instead of solely one wind farm, series resonance frequencies are shifted to lower frequencies and less damping appears to be present in the system. Lastly, the postive-net damping criteria was applied to assess the stability of a system in which a varying number of wind farms is connected. Time-domain simulations in PSCAD were performed to varify the results. It can be concluded that a system becomes less damped, and therefore less stable, when an increasing amount of wind farms is connected. This effect arises since the various wind farms are placed in parallel and the total resistance of the wind farms becomes smaller than the sum of the resistances of each wind farm. Moreover, when less wind turbines are in operation, less damping is present in the system since the resistance of a single OWPP is then decreased.

Floating Offshore Wind Energy

Floating Offshore Wind Energy Book
Author : Joao Cruz,Mairead Atcheson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-20
ISBN : 3319293982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a state-of-the-art review of floating offshore wind turbines (FOWT). It offers developers a global perspective on floating offshore wind energy conversion technology, documenting the key challenges and practical solutions that this new industry has found to date. Drawing on a wide network of experts, it reviews the conception, early design stages, load & structural analysis and the construction of FOWT. It also presents and discusses data from pioneering projects. Written by experienced professionals from a mix of academia and industry, the content is both practical and visionary. As one of the first titles dedicated to FOWT, it is a must-have for anyone interested in offshore renewable energy conversion technologies.

Building an Offshore Wind Farm

Building an Offshore Wind Farm Book
Author : Jochem Tacx
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-07-13
ISBN : 9781078162814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The wind is a clean, free, and readily available renewable energy source which can be converted into electricity using wind turbines that convert the kinetic energy from the wind into mechanical power. Windspeed and direction are more consistent offshore than they are onshore and consequently, offshore wind farms are built progressively. Statistics from Wind Europe confirm that 2018 counted a total of 4,543 installed and grid connected offshore turbines in Europe corresponding to a total of capacity of 18,499 MW.The Operational Master Guide on Building an Offshore Wind Farm is the first book available to the public to specifically focus on the installation of an offshore wind farm. The book draws on the author's experience of the transport and installation of the components for the offshore wind farms. It also specifies the type of installation vessels used for the specific installations, outlines the required crew members on board and their mandatory basic training programs and explains how the workers travel to and from site.This book is a valuable educational investment designed with graphics and figures along with corresponding project photos which creates an easy read and provides the readers with a quick, but yet deep understanding on the respective installation phases.The authors, Jochem Tacx and Integrated-TIS:Jochem T. started his career working at the shipyard Keppel Verolme, in the port of Rotterdam, and later specializing within the transport and installation of heavy, high value and oversized project equipment. During his career Jochem has represented the interest of the main clients and first-tier contractors by fulfilling all aspects of project- and related QHSE management. His career enabled him to work on all phases of the respective offshore wind farm installations including the installation of the foundations, laying of the submarine power cables and installing the wind turbines.Integrated-TIS is an international service provider for the energy industry specialized within the transport and installation of heavy, high value and high volume industrial components. Integrated-TIS provides project consulting, project management and client representation for all respective transport, installation and construction phases of any given project.

MARE WINT

MARE WINT Book
Author : Wiesław Ostachowicz,Malcolm McGugan,Jens-Uwe Schröder-Hinrichs,Marcin Luczak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-30
ISBN : 3319390953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a holistic, interdisciplinary overview of offshore wind energy, and is a must-read for advanced researchers. Topics, from the design and analysis of future turbines, to the decommissioning of wind farms, are covered. The scope of the work ranges from analytical, numerical and experimental advancements in structural and fluid mechanics, to novel developments in risk, safety & reliability engineering for offshore wind.The core objective of the current work is to make offshore wind energy more competitive, by improving the reliability, and operations and maintenance (O&M) strategies of wind turbines. The research was carried out under the auspices of the EU-funded project, MARE-WINT. The project provided a unique opportunity for a group of researchers to work closely together, undergo multidisciplinary doctoral training, and conduct research in the area of offshore wind energy generation. Contributions from expert, external authors are also included, and the complete work seeks to bridge the gap between research and a rapidly-evolving industry.

Offshore Wind Farms

Offshore Wind Farms Book
Author : María Dolores Esteban,José-Santos López-Gutiérrez,Vicente Negro Valdecantos
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-04-28
ISBN : 3039285629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The coastal zone is the host to many human activities, which have significantly increased in the last decades. However, sea level rise and more frequent storm events severely affect beaches and coastal structures, with negative consequences and dramatic impacts on coastal communities. These aspects add to typical coastal problems, like flooding and beach erosion, which already leading to large economic losses and human fatalities. Modeling is thus fundamental for an exhaustive understanding of the nearshore region in the present and future environment. Innovative tools and technologies may help to better understand coastal processes in terms of hydrodynamics, sediment transport, bed morphology, and their interaction with coastal structures. This book collects several contributions focusing on nearshore dynamics, and span among several time and spatial scales using both physical and numerical approaches. The aim is to describe the most recent advances in coastal dynamics.

Structural Integrity of Offshore Wind Turbines

Structural Integrity of Offshore Wind Turbines Book
Author : Transportation Research Board
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-09-02
ISBN : 0309225159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TRB Special Report 305: Structural Integrity of Offshore Wind Turbines: Oversight of Design, Fabrication, and Installation explores the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement (BOEMRE) approach to overseeing the development and safe operation of wind turbines on the outer continental shelf, with a focus on structural safety. The committee that developed the report recommended that in order to facilitate the orderly development of offshore wind energy and support the stable economic development of this nascent industry, the United States needs a set of clear requirements that can accommodate future design development. The report recommends that BOEMRE develop a set of requirements that establish goals and objectives with regard to structural integrity, environmental performance, and energy generation. The committee found that the risks to human life and the environment associated with offshore wind farms are substantially lower than for other industries such as offshore oil and gas, because offshore wind farms are primarily unmanned and contain minimal quantities of hazardous substances. This finding implies that an approach with significantly less regulatory oversight may be taken for offshore wind farms. Under this approach, industry would be responsible for proposing sets of standards, guidelines, and recommended practices that meet the performance requirements established by BOEMRE. The domestic industry can build on standards, guidelines, and practices developed in Europe, where the offshore wind energy is further developed, but will have to fill gaps such as the need to address wave and wind loadings encountered in hurricanes. The report also includes findings and recommendations about the role that certified verification agents (third party evaluators) can play in reviewing packages of standards and project-specific proposals.

Worker Health and Safety on Offshore Wind Farms

Worker Health and Safety on Offshore Wind Farms Book
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board. Committee on Offshore Wind Farm Worker Safety
Publisher : Transportation Research Board National Research
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"TRB Special Report 310: Worker Health and Safety on Offshore Wind Farms examines the hazards and risks to workers on offshore wind farms on the outer continental shelf as compared with the hazards and risks to workers on offshore oil and gas operations. The report explores gaps and overlaps in jurisdictional authority for worker health and safety on offshore wind farms and evaluates the adequacy of--and recommends enhancements to--the existing safety management system (SMS) requirement published in 30 CFR 585.810. The study committee recommends that the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) adopt a full SMS rule for workers on offshore wind farms at a level of detail that includes the baseline elements identified in this report. An enhanced SMS rule should require the use of human factors engineering elements in the design process and should encompass all activities that the lessee and its contractors undertake. In collaboration with other regulatory agencies and industry stakeholders, BOEM should clearly define roles and responsibilities and indicate which standards could apply for all phases of wind farm development, regardless of jurisdiction. Also, with the help of stakeholders, BOEM should support the development of guidelines and recommended practices that could be used as guidance documents or adopted by referen"-

Design Load Analysis of Two Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Concepts

Design Load Analysis of Two Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Concepts Book
Author : Gordon M. Stewart
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Much of the United States' wind resource is located over deep water where fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines are cost-prohibitive. To capture this energy, floating offshore wind turbines are being developed. However, current design standards do not explicitly cover issues relating to floating offshore wind turbines, which leads to risk and uncertainty in the design process. Two important issues that this dissertation investigates are the effect of simulation length and wind and wave misalignment on fatigue and ultimate loads. Experience in the offshore floating oil and gas industry has recommended simulation lengths of 3-6 hours, but the wind industry typically simulates between 10 minutes and one hour. The reasons for these simulation lengths is explored and recommendations for floating offshore wind turbines are made. The current offshore wind turbine design standard states that co-aligned wind and waves are a conservative ``worst-case'' scenario for loads, but this assertion may only hold true for fixed-bottom offshore turbines. A large operational design-space set of simulations are run to determine the impact of wind and wave misalignment on floating offshore turbines. Using results from both the simulation length and wind/wave misalignment study, probabilistic methods are used to determine a minimum set of simulations that is able to accurately characterize the loads response of floating platforms. Reduction of avian impacts have long been an important concern for the installation of wind farms. There is large uncertainty in the impacts of offshore wind farms on seabirds in the United States, as no offshore wind farms are currently operating. In this dissertation, experience from Europe is used to create a model of seabirds' interaction with fixed-bottom offshore wind farms. This model is used in a multi-objective optimization of the layout of a generic fixed-bottom offshore wind farm, considering both impacts on birds as well as power production. To simulate a farm comprised of floating offshore wind turbines, uncertainty in the positions of the turbines in the farm is introduced, and the layout is once again subjected to a multi-objective optimization.

Offshore Wind Farms

Offshore Wind Farms Book
Author : Source Wikipedia
Publisher : University-Press.org
Release : 2013-09
ISBN : 9781230579924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 34. Chapters: Anholt Offshore Wind Farm, Atlantic Array, Cape Wind, Clogherhead, Delaware Offshore Wind Farm, Donghai Bridge Wind Farm, Floating wind turbine, List of offshore wind farms, List of offshore wind farms in Japan, List of offshore wind farms in the United States, Oriel Wind Farm, Rampion Wind Farm, SeaTwirl, TIV MPI Resolution, Trillium Power Wind 1, Wind power in the Netherlands.

Modelling Offshore Wind Farm Operation and Maintenance

Modelling Offshore Wind Farm Operation and Maintenance Book
Author : Xi Yu
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 1527545008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A wind turbine is of course far more complicated than just a tower topped with a big fan, especially for the offshore ones. Wind energy as a green energy resource with zero fuel requirements, and thus no processing waste, has been assuming an increasingly important role in energy generation. Offshore wind farms with their steady output and low sensual impact have been gradually accepted by the public and authorities. Once built, the only cost for a wind farm is the operation and maintenance cost. Therefore, the question of how to reduce the failure rate and the operation and maintenance costs, and make offshore wind energy cheaper, is particularly pertinent, and is discussed in great detail here. This book details the various aspects of wind energy, and is accessible to the lay reader without any specialist knowledge. It explores the numerous concepts associated with offshore wind farm operation and maintenance with condition monitoring system, and vividly presents the the basics of wind energy, augmenting this with a large amount of valuable real wind farm case studies.

Grid Integration of Wind Energy

Grid Integration of Wind Energy Book
Author : Siegfried Heier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-21
ISBN : 1118703294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This popular reference describes the integration ofwind-generated power into electrical power systems and, with theuse of advanced control systems, illustrates how wind farms can bemade to operate like conventional power plants. Fully revised, the third edition provides up-to-date coverage onnew generator developments for wind turbines, recent technicaldevelopments in electrical power conversion systems, control designand essential operating conditions. With expanded coverage ofoffshore technologies, this edition looks at the characteristicsand static and dynamic behaviour of offshore wind farms and theirconnection to the mainland grid. Brand new material includes: comprehensive treatment of onshore and offshore gridintegration updated legislative guidelines for the design, construction andinstallation of wind power plants the fundamental characteristics and theoretical tools ofelectrical and mechanical components and their interactions new and future types of generators, converters, powerelectronics and controller designs improved use of grid capacities and grid support for fixed- andvariable-speed controlled wind power plants options for grid control and power reserve provision in windpower plants and wind farms This resource is an excellent guide for researchers andpractitioners involved in the planning, installation and gridintegration of wind turbines and power plants. It is also highlybeneficial to university students studying wind power technology,renewable energy and power systems, and to practitioners in windengineering, turbine design and manufacture and electrical powerengineering.