Skip to main content

Ofdm For Optical Communications

In Order to Read Online or Download Ofdm For Optical Communications Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

OFDM for Optical Communications

OFDM for Optical Communications Book
Author : William Shieh,Ivan Djordjevic
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-09-18
ISBN : 9780080952062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The first book on optical OFDM by the leading pioneers in the field The only book to cover error correction codes for optical OFDM Gives applications of OFDM to free-space communications, optical access networks, and metro and log haul transports show optical OFDM can be implemented Contains introductions to signal processing for optical engineers and optical communication fundamentals for wireless engineers This book gives a coherent and comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of OFDM signal processing, with a distinctive focus on its broad range of applications. It evaluates the architecture, design and performance of a number of OFDM variations, discusses coded OFDM, and gives a detailed study of error correction codes for access networks, 100 Gb/s Ethernet and future optical networks. The emerging applications of optical OFDM, including single-mode fiber transmission, multimode fiber transmission, free space optical systems, and optical access networks are examined, with particular attention paid to passive optical networks, radio-over-fiber, WiMAX and UWB communications. Written by two of the leading contributors to the field, this book will be a unique reference for optical communications engineers and scientists. Students, technical managers and telecom executives seeking to understand this new technology for future-generation optical networks will find the book invaluable. William Shieh is an associate professor and reader in the electrical and electronic engineering department, The University of Melbourne, Australia. He received his M.S. degree in electrical engineering and Ph.D. degree in physics both from University of Southern California. Ivan Djordjevic is an Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Arizona, Tucson, where he directs the Optical Communications Systems Laboratory (OCSL). His current research interests include optical networks, error control coding, constrained coding, coded modulation, turbo equalization, OFDM applications, and quantum error correction. "This wonderful book is the first one to address the rapidly emerging optical OFDM field. Written by two leading researchers in the field, the book is structured to comprehensively cover any optical OFDM aspect one could possibly think of, from the most fundamental to the most specialized. The book adopts a coherent line of presentation, while striking a thoughtful balance between the various topics, gradually developing the optical-physics and communication-theoretic concepts required for deep comprehension of the topic, eventually treating the multiple optical OFDM methods, variations and applications. In my view this book will remain relevant for many years to come, and will be increasingly accessed by graduate students, accomplished researchers as well as telecommunication engineers and managers keen to attain a perspective on the emerging role of OFDM in the evolution of photonic networks." -- Prof. Moshe Nazarathy, EE Dept., Technion, Israel Institute of Technology * The first book on optical OFDM by the leading pioneers in the field * The only book to cover error correction codes for optical OFDM * Applications of OFDM to free-space communications, optical access networks, and metro and log haul transports show optical OFDM can be implemented * An introduction to signal processing for optical communications * An introduction to optical communication fundamentals for the wireless engineer

Orthogonal Frequency division Multiplexing for Optical Communications

Orthogonal Frequency division Multiplexing for Optical Communications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Stanford University
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The drive towards higher spectral efficiency and maximum power efficiency in optical systems has generated renewed interest in the optimization of optical transceivers. In this work, we study the different optical applications: Wide Area Networks (WANs), Metropolitan Area Networks (MANs), Local Area Networks (LANs) and Personal Area Networks (PANs). In WANs or long-haul systems, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) can compensate for linear distortions, such as group-velocity dispersion (GVD) and polarization-mode dispersion (PMD), provided the cyclic prefix is sufficiently long. Typically, GVD is dominant, as it requires a longer cyclic prefix. Assuming coherent detection, we show how to analytically compute the minimum number of subcarriers and cyclic prefix length required to achieve a specified power penalty, trading off power penalties from the cyclic prefix and from residual inter-symbol interference (ISI) and inter-carrier interference (ICI). We derive an analytical expression for the power penalty from residual ISI and ICI. We also show that when nonlinear effects are present in the fiber, single-carrier with digital equalization outperforms OFDM for various dispersion maps. We also study the impairments of electrical to optical conversion when using Mach-Zehnder (MZ) modulators. OFDM has a high peak-to-average ratio (PAR), which can result in low optical power efficiency when modulated through a Mach-Zehnder (MZ) modulator. In addition, the nonlinear characteristic of the MZ can cause significant distortion on the OFDM signal, leading to in-band intermodulation products between subcarriers. We show that a quadrature MZ with digital pre-distortion and hard clipping is able to overcome the previous impairments. We consider quantization noise and compute the minimum number of bits required in the digital-to-analog converter (D/A). Finally, we discuss a dual-drive MZ as a simpler alternative for the OFDM modulator, but our results show that it requires a higher oversampling ratio to achieve the same performance as the quadrature MZ. In MANs, we discuss the use OFDM for combating GVD effects in amplified direct-detection (DD) systems using single-mode fiber. We review known direct-detection OFDM techniques, including asymmetrically clipped optical OFDM (ACO-OFDM), DC-clipped OFDM (DC-OFDM) and single-sideband OFDM (SSB-OFDM), and derive a linearized channel model for each technique. We present an iterative procedure to achieve optimum power allocation for each OFDM technique, since there is no closed-form solution for amplified DD systems. For each technique, we minimize the optical power required to transmit at a given bit rate and normalized GVD by iteratively adjusting the bias and optimizing the power allocation among the subcarriers. We verify that SSB-OFDM has the best optical power efficiency among the different OFDM techniques. We compare these OFDM techniques to on-off keying (OOK) with maximum-likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) and show that SSB-OFDM can achieve the same optical power efficiency as OOK with MLSD, but at the cost of requiring twice the electrical bandwidth and also a complex quadrature modulator. We compare the computational complexity of the different techniques and show that SSB-OFDM requires fewer operations per bit than OOK with MLSD. In LANs, we compare the performance of several OFDM schemes to that of OOK in combating modal dispersion in multimode fiber links. We review known OFDM techniques using intensity modulation with direct detection (IM/DD), including DC-OFDM, ACO-OFDM and pulse-amplitude modulated discrete multitone (PAM-DMT). We describe an iterative procedure to achieve optimal power allocation for DC-OFDM, and compare analytically the performance of ACO-OFDM and PAM-DMT. We also consider unipolar M-ary pulse-amplitude modulation (M-PAM) with minimum mean-square error decision-feedback equalization (MMSE-DFE). For each technique, we quantify the optical power

ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING IN OPTICAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING IN OPTICAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Book
Author : Ashad Ullah Qureshi
Publisher : Concepts Books Publication
Release : 2021-04-22
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Optical fiber communication has emerged as a high potential substitute for communication methods such as twisted pair and coaxial wire. The main advantage of optical fiber over previous methods is to have higher capacity of data rate transmission. The conventional types of modulation and demodulation technique, which have been used through optical fiber communication system are Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) technique and Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) technique so far. In this thesis, the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is applied through the modulation and demodulation parts due to some advantages over WDM and DWDM to reach to 100 Gbps data transmission. The main advantage of OFDM-optical fiber is that it only needs one optical source to modulate and one optical source to demodulate the signals at transmitter side and receiver side, which results in a reduction of the cost of the system. Also, by using the OFDM, the chromatic dispersion can be eliminated or decreased. The first generation of optical fiber communication uses the Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM), which has become very popular. In this technique of modulation, optical carriers are modulated at different wavelengths into a single optical fiber, the Long-Haul WDM transmission system. For example, by using a 160 wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) channels of 85.4-Gb/s, the 25.6 Tb/s data are transmitted over 240 Km fiber on a 50-GHz channel spacing. At this study, RZDQPSK system is used with having 50% duty cycle of return to zero formats.

Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks

Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks Book
Author : Milorad Cvijetic,Ivan Djordjevic
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 1608075559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Providing straightforward practical guidance, this highly accessible resource presents today's most advanced topics on photonic communications. You get the latest details on 5th generation photonic systems that can be readily applied to your projects in the field. Moreover, the book provides valuable, time-saving tools for network simulation and modeling. You find in-depth coverage of optical signal transmission systems and networks. The book includes coverage of a wide range of critical methods and techniques, such as MIMO (multiple-input and multiple-output), OFDM (Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing), and advanced modulation and coding. You find detailed discussions on the basic principles and applications of high-speed digital signal processing. Other key topics include advanced concepts on coded-modulation, turbo equalization, polarization-time coding, spatial-domain-based modulation and coding, and multidimensional signaling. This comprehensive book includes a complete set of problems at the end of each chapter to help you master the material.

OFDM Systems for Optical Communication with Intensity Modulation and Direct Detection

OFDM Systems for Optical Communication with Intensity Modulation and Direct Detection Book
Author : Jian Dang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Intensity modulation and direct detection (IM/DD) is a cost-effective optical communication strategy which finds wide applications in fiber communication, free-space optical communication, and indoor visible light communication. In IM/DD, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), originally employed in radio frequency communication, is considered as a strong candidate solution to combat with channel distortions. In this research, we investigate various potential OFDM forms that are suitable for IM/DD channel. We will elaborate the design principles of different OFDM transmitters and investigate different types of receivers including the proposed iterative receiver. In addition, we will analyze the spectral efficiency and decoding complexities of different OFDM systems to give a whole picture of their performance. Finally, simulation results are given to assess the detection performance of different receivers.

Digital Signal Processing for High Speed Optical Communication

Digital Signal Processing for High Speed Optical Communication Book
Author : Jianjun Yu,Xinying Li,Junwen Zhang
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2018-03-09
ISBN : 9813233990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Digital Signal Processing for High Speed Optical Communication book written by Jianjun Yu,Xinying Li,Junwen Zhang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Optical Fiber and Wireless Communications

Optical Fiber and Wireless Communications Book
Author : Rastislav Róka
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-06-21
ISBN : 953513275X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The book Optical Fiber and Wireless Communications provides a platform for practicing researchers, academics, PhD students, and other scientists to review, plan, design, analyze, evaluate, intend, process, and implement diversiform issues of optical fiber and wireless systems and networks, optical technology components, optical signal processing, and security. The 17 chapters of the book demonstrate capabilities and potentialities of optical communication to solve scientific and engineering problems with varied degrees of complexity.

Advanced Optical and Wireless Communications Systems

Advanced Optical and Wireless Communications Systems Book
Author : Ivan B. Djordjevic
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-28
ISBN : 3319631519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This textbook introduces the advanced topics of: (i) wireless communications, (ii) free-space optical (FSO) communications, (iii) indoor optical wireless (IR) communications, and (iv) fiber-optics communications and presents these different types of communication systems in a unified fashion for better practical use. Fundamental concepts, such as propagation principles, modulation formats, channel coding, diversity principles, MIMO signal processing, multicarrier modulation, equalization, adaptive modulation and coding, detection principles, and software defined transmission are first described and then followed up with a detailed look at each particular system. The book is self-contained and structured to provide straightforward guidance to readers looking to capture fundamentals and gain theoretical and practical knowledge about wireless communications, optical communications, and fiber-optics communications, all which can be readily applied in studies, research, and practical applications. The textbook is intended for an upper undergraduate or graduate level course in optical communication. It features problems, an appendix with all background material needed, and homework.

Digital Optical Communications

Digital Optical Communications Book
Author : Le Nguyen Binh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-11-20
ISBN : 142008206X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The need for advanced transmission techniques over long haul optically amplified communications has prompted a convergence of digital and optical communications. Digital Optical Communications explores the practical applications of this union and applies digital modulation techniques to optical communications systems.After reviewing the fundamental

High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technologies

High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technologies Book
Author : Masataka Nakazawa,Kazuro Kikuchi,Tetsuya Miyazaki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-08-12
ISBN : 9783642104190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The growth of Internet traf?c in recent years surpassed the prediction of one decade ago. Data stream in individual countries already reached terabit/s level. To cope with the petabit class demands of traf?c in coming years the communication engineers are required to go beyond the incremental improvement of today’s technology. A most promising breakthrough would be the introduction of modulation f- mats enabling higher spectral ef?ciency than that of binary on–off keying scheme, virtually the global standard of ?ber-optic communication systems. In wireless communication systems, techniques of high spectral density modulation have been well developed, but the required techniques in optical frequency domain are much more complicated because of the heavier ?uctuation levels. Therefore the past trials of coherent optical modulation/detection schemes were not successful. However, the addition of high-speed digital signal processing technology is the fundam- tal difference between now and two decades ago, when trials of optical coherent communication systems were investigated very seriously. This approach of digital coherent technology has attracted keen interest among communication specialists, as indicated by the rapid increase in the pioneering presentations at the post-deadline sessions of major international conferences. For example, 32 terabit/s transmission in a ?ber experiment based on this technology was reported in post-deadline session of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2009. The advancement of the digital coherent technologies will inevitably affect the network architecture in terms of the network resource management for the new generation photonic networks, rather than will simply provide with huge transmission capacity.

Advances in Optical Communication

Advances in Optical Communication Book
Author : Narottam Das
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-11-19
ISBN : 9535117300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

High-speed optical communication is very much useful in telecommunication systems, data processing and networking. It consists of a transmitter that encodes a message into an optical signal, a channel that carries this optical signal to its desired destination, and a receiver that reproduces the message from the received optical signal. It presents up to date results on communication systems, along with the explanations of their relevance, from leading researchers in this field. The chapters of this book cover general concepts of high-speed optical communication, optical devices used optical communication, and optical communication systems. In recent years, optical devices and other enhanced signal processing functions are also considered in depth for high-speed optical communications systems. Commonly used optical devices are light emitting diodes and photodetectors. This book is targeted at research, development and design engineers from the teams in manufacturing industry, academia and telecommunication industries.

Free Space Optical Communication

Free Space Optical Communication Book
Author : Hemani Kaushal,V.K. Jain,Subrat Kar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-06
ISBN : 8132236912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book provides an in-depth understanding of free space optical (FSO) communication with a particular emphasis on optical beam propagation through atmospheric turbulence. The book is structured in such a way that it provides a basic framework for the beginners and also gives a concise description from a designer’s perspective. The book provides an exposure to FSO technology, fundamental limitations, design methodologies, system trade-offs, acquisition, tracking and pointing (ATP) techniques and link-feasibility analysis. The contents of this book will be of interest to professionals and researchers alike. The book may also be used as a textbook for engineering coursework and professional training.

Coding for Optical Channels

Coding for Optical Channels Book
Author : Ivan Djordjevic,William Ryan,Bane Vasic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-04-05
ISBN : 9781441955692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In order to adapt to the ever-increasing demands of telecommunication needs, today’s network operators are implementing 100 Gb/s per dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) channel transmission. At those data rates, the performance of fiberoptic communication systems is degraded significantly due to intra- and inter-channel fiber nonlinearities, polarization-mode dispersion (PMD), and chromatic dispersion. In order to deal with those channel impairments, novel advanced techniques in modulation and detection, coding and signal processing are needed. This unique book represents a coherent and comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of optical communications, signal processing and coding for optical channels. It is the first to integrate the fundamentals of coding theory with the fundamentals of optical communication.

Enabling Technologies for High Spectral efficiency Coherent Optical Communication Networks

Enabling Technologies for High Spectral efficiency Coherent Optical Communication Networks Book
Author : Xiang Zhou,Chongjin Xie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-04-11
ISBN : 1118714768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Since the revival of coherent optical communications in 2006, significant progress has been made in the field. For example, spectral efficiency of optical communication systems has been increased from 0.8 b/s/Hz to over 14.0 b/s/Hz in a single mode fiber. This progress is the result of improved technologies such as advanced modulation, digital coherent detection, coding, and digital signal processing. The first part of the book is devoted to advanced modulation, coding, and multiplexing technologies. Various linear and nonlinear impairments and their digital mitigation methods are presented, followed by impairment-tolerant and hardware-efficient symbol and carrier recovery algorithms, plus issues and challenges in real-time implementation of high-speed digital coherent transceivers. The authors reveal important progress in photonic integration and performance monitoring, and look beyond WDM (wavelength division multiplexing) to space-division-multiplexing (SDM) based technologies, which can improve fiber and network capacity.

Digital Signal Processing In High Speed Optical Fiber Communication Principle and Application

Digital Signal Processing In High Speed Optical Fiber Communication Principle and Application Book
Author : Jianjun Yu,Nan Chi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-06
ISBN : 981153098X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book presents the principles and applications of optical fiber communication based on digital signal processing (DSP) for both single and multi-carrier modulation signals. In the context of single carrier modulation, it describes DSP for linear and nonlinear optical fiber communication systems, discussing all-optical Nyquist modulation signal generation and processing, and how to use probabilistic and geometrical shaping to improve the transmission performance. For multi-carrier modulation, it examines DSP-based OFDM signal generation and detection and presents 4D and high-order modulation formats. Lastly, it demonstrates how to use artificial intelligence in optical fiber communication. As such it is a useful resource for students, researches and engineers in the field of optical fiber communication.

Advanced Digital Optical Communications

Advanced Digital Optical Communications Book
Author : Le Nguyen Binh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1482226537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This second edition of Digital Optical Communications provides a comprehensive treatment of the modern aspects of coherent homodyne and self-coherent reception techniques using algorithms incorporated in digital signal processing (DSP) systems and DSP-based transmitters to overcome several linear and nonlinear transmission impairments and frequency mismatching between the local oscillator and the carrier, as well as clock recovery and cycle slips. These modern transmission systems have emerged as the core technology for Tera-bits per second (bps) and Peta-bps optical Internet for the near future. Featuring extensive updates to all existing chapters, Advanced Digital Optical Communications, Second Edition: Contains new chapters on optical fiber structures and propagation, optical coherent receivers, DSP equalizer algorithms, and high-order spectral DSP receivers Examines theoretical foundations, practical case studies, and MATLAB® and Simulink® models for simulation transmissions Includes new end-of-chapter practice problems and useful appendices to supplement technical information Downloadable content available with qualifying course adoption Advanced Digital Optical Communications, Second Edition supplies a fundamental understanding of digital communication applications in optical communication technologies, emphasizing operation principles versus heavy mathematical analysis. It is an ideal text for aspiring engineers and a valuable professional reference for those involved in optics, telecommunications, electronics, photonics, and digital signal processing.

Impact of Nonlinearities on Fiber Optic Communications

Impact of Nonlinearities on Fiber Optic Communications Book
Author : Shiva Kumar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-03-23
ISBN : 9781441981394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book covers the recent progress in fiber-optic communication systems with a main focus on the impact of fiber nonlinearities on the system performance. Over the past few years, there has been significant progress in coherent communication systems mainly because of the advances in digital signal processing techniques. This has led to renewed interest in fiber linear and nonlinear impairments and techniques to mitigate them in electrical domain. In this book, the reader will find all the important topics of fiber optic communication systems in one place with in-depth coverage by the experts of each subtopics. Pioneers from each of the sub-topics have been invited to contribute. Each chapter will have a section on fundamentals, review of literature survey and the recent developments. The reader will benefit from this approach since many of the conference proceedings and journal articles mainly focus on the authors’ research work without spending space on preliminaries.

Optical Communication Systems

Optical Communication Systems Book
Author : Andrew Ellis,Mariia Sorokina
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-09-02
ISBN : 042964826X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Telecommunications have underpinned social interaction and economic activity since the 19th century and have been increasingly reliant on optical fibers since their initial commercial deployment by BT in 1983. Today, mobile phone networks, data centers, and broadband services that facilitate our entertainment, commerce, and increasingly health provision are built on hidden optical fiber networks. However, recently it emerged that the fiber network is beginning to fill up, leading to the talk of a capacity crunch where the capacity still grows but struggles to keep up with the increasing demand. This book, featuring contributions by the suppliers of widely deployed simulation software and academic authors, illustrates the origins of the limited performance of an optical fiber from the engineering, physics, and information theoretic viewpoints. Solutions are then discussed by pioneers in each of the respective fields, with near-term solutions discussed by industrially based authors, and more speculative high-potential solutions discussed by leading academic groups.

Optical Wireless Communications

Optical Wireless Communications Book
Author : Murat Uysal,Carlo Capsoni,Zabih Ghassemlooy,Anthony Boucouvalas,Eszter Udvary
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-25
ISBN : 3319302019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book focuses on optical wireless communications (OWC), an emerging technology with huge potential for the provision of pervasive and reliable next-generation communications networks. It shows how the development of novel and efficient wireless technologies can contribute to a range of transmission links essential for the heterogeneous networks of the future to support various communications services and traffic patterns with ever-increasing demands for higher data-transfer rates. The book starts with a chapter reviewing the OWC field, which explains different sub-technologies (visible-light, ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) communications) and introduces the spectrum of application areas (indoor, vehicular, terrestrial, underwater, intersatellite, deep space, etc.). This provides readers with the necessary background information to understand the specialist material in the main body of the book, which is in four parts. The first of these deals with propagation modelling and channel characterization of OWC channels at different spectral bands and with different applications. The second starts by providing a unified information-theoretic treatment of OWC and then discusses advanced physical-layer methodologies (including, but not limited to: advanced coding, modulation diversity, cooperation and multi-carrier techniques) and the ultimate limitations imposed by practical constraints. On top of the physical layer come the upper-layer protocols and cross-layer designs that are the subject of the third part of the book. The last part of the book features a chapter-by-chapter assessment of selected OWC applications. Optical Wireless Communications is a valuable reference guide for academic researchers and practitioners concerned with the future development of the world’s communication networks. It succinctly but comprehensively presents the latest advances in the field.

Optical Communications and Networking

Optical Communications and Networking Book
Author : Zhongqi Pan,Qiang Wang,Yang Yue,Hao Huang,Changjing Bao
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-03-10
ISBN : 3039282581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In the past few decades, the optical communication industry has explored multiple degrees of freedom of the photon, such as time, wavelength, amplitude, phase, polarization, and space, to significantly reduce the cost/bit of data transmission by increasing the capacity per fiber through multiplexing technology and by reducing the size and power through electronic and photonic integration. This book aims to explore the latest advancements in this industry, including the technologies in devices, systems, and network levels with applications from short-reach chip-to-chip interconnections to long-haul backbone communications at the trans-oceanic distance.