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Nutritional Composition Of Fruit Cultivars

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Nutritional Composition of Fruit Cultivars

Nutritional Composition of Fruit Cultivars Book
Author : Monique Simmonds,Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-16
ISBN : 0124080642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutritional Composition of Fruit Cultivars provides readers with the latest information on the health related properties of foods, making the documentation of the nutritive value of historical cultivars especially urgent, especially before they are lost and can't be effectively compared to modern cultivars. Because there is considerable diversity and a substantial body of the compositional studies directed towards commercial varieties, this information is useful for identifying traits and features that may be transposed from one variety to another. In addition, compositional and sensory features may also be used for commercialization and to characterize adulteration. Detailed characterization of cultivars can be used to identify "super-foods". Alternatively, unmasked historical cultivars may be the focus of reinvigorated commercial practices. Each chapter in this book has sections on the botanical aspects, the composition of traditional or ancient cultivars, the composition of modern cultivars, a focus on areas of research, the specialty of the communicating author of each chapter, and summary points. Presents the botanical aspects and composition of both traditional and modern plants, including in-depth insight into current research, and overall summary points for each fruit for consistent comparison and ease of reference Provides important information in the consideration of preservation, transference, or re-introduction of historical/traditional cultivars into current crop science Provides details on compositional and sensory parameters, from aroma and taste to micro- and macronutrients Includes data on nutraceuticals and novel components that have proven to impact on, or be important in, food quality, storage, processing, storage, and marketing

Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Fruits and Vegetables

Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Fruits and Vegetables Book
Author : Amit K. Jaiswal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-30
ISBN : 0128127813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Fruits and Vegetables provides an overview of the nutritional and anti-nutritional composition, antioxidant potential, and health benefits of a wide range of commonly consumed fruits and vegetables. The book presents a comprehensive overview on a variety of topics, including inflorescence, flowers and flower buds (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage), bulb, stem and stalk (onion, celery, asparagus, celery), leaves (watercress, lettuce, spinach), fruit and seed (peppers, squash, tomato, eggplant, green beans), roots and tubers (red beet, carrots, radish), and fruits, such as citrus (orange, lemon, grapefruit), berries (blackberry, strawberry, lingonberry, bayberry, blueberry), melons (pumpkin, watermelon), and more. Each chapter, contributed by an international expert in the field, also discusses the factors influencing antioxidant content, such as genotype, environmental variation and agronomic conditions. Contains detailed information on nutritional and anti-nutritional composition for commonly consumed fruits and vegetables Presents recent epidemiological information on the health benefits of fresh produce Provides in-depth information about the antioxidant properties of a range of fruits and vegetables

Wild Fruits Composition Nutritional Value and Products

Wild Fruits  Composition  Nutritional Value and Products Book
Author : Abdalbasit Adam Mariod
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-12-14
ISBN : 3030318850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wild fruits play an important role in mitigating hunger in the developing world. As a sustainable and natural food source in rural areas, these fruits have a strong effect on regional food security and poverty alleviation. This makes the utilization of wild foods incredibly important for native populations both in terms of food security and economics. There are many traditional methods for wild fruit harvesting, indigenous tree and plant domestication and cultivation passed down through generations that are sustainable and economically viable, ultimately contributing to a better quality of life for large sections of the developing world. To date there has not been a reference work focusing on the full scope of wild fruits from their growth and chemical makeup to their harvest, distribution, health effects and beyond. Wild Fruits: Composition, Nutritional Value and Products adequately fills this gap, expansively covering the utilization of multi-purpose wild fruits in regions worldwide. Effects on quality of life, food security, economics and health are extensively covered. Over 31 wild fruit species are examined, with individual chapters focusing on each species' phytochemical constituents, bioactive compounds, traditional and medicinal uses and chemical composition. Harvest, post-harvest and consumption methods are covered for each, as are their overall effect on the food security and economics of their native regions. This book is essential for researchers in search of a comprehensive singular source for the chemical makeups and cultivation of indigenous wild fruits and their many benefits to their native regions.

Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals

Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals Book
Author : Laura A. de la Rosa,Emilio Alvarez-Parrilla,Gustavo A. Gonzalez-Aguilar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-10-13
ISBN : 9780813809489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals: Chemistry, Nutritional Value and Stability provides scientists in the areas of food technology and nutrition with accessible and up-to-date information about the chemical nature, classification and analysis of the main phytochemicals present in fruits and vegetables – polyphenols and carotenoids. Special care is taken to analyze the health benefits of these compounds, their interaction with fiber, antioxidant and other biological activities, as well as the degradation processes that occur after harvest and minimal processing.

Grow Yourself Healthy

Grow Yourself Healthy Book
Author : Beth Marshall
Publisher : White Lion Publishing
Release : 2020-03-17
ISBN : 0711250715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is currently a huge upsurge in interest into recent scientific research highlighting the importance gardening for health. This focuses on the activity of gardening for mental and physical health, as well as the way that if you garden for your gut you can improve your digestion too. The microbiome is the plethora of microbes that humans host in their gut, and other cells, and which are fundamental to well-being. Recent studies link digestive health and the human microbiome to a range of health conditions such as depression and anxiety, obesity, cancer, diabetes and autism. Interest in the topic has led to an array of related popular science publications, diet and recipe books. There is currently however very little literature on how to grow produce which has high nutritional value, and which optimizes the microbial life within our digestive systems. What types of vegetable, fruit, and herbs should we being growing to encourage beneficial internal microbes? How do we design and plan a productive garden that supports gut health? Grow Yourself Healthy will introduce relevant recent science in an accessible way, provide practical guidance on how to grow, produce and design a productive garden to optimize your health, and provide information on how to grow and store vegetables for fermentation, including select recipes for gut health. â??Included in the book are 10 bespoke projects for all size of garden, from windowboxes and containers to square metre and 4m x 4m plots.

Fruits Grown in Highland Regions of the Himalayas

Fruits Grown in Highland Regions of the Himalayas Book
Author : Syed Zameer Hussain,Bazila Naseer,Tahiya Qadri,Tabasum Fatima,Tashooq Ahmad Bhat
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-23
ISBN : 3030755029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses different fruit crops and provides first-hand information on the nutritional composition of commercially important, as well as unexplored fruits, which are grown in Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. A detailed nutritional profile of each fruit is presented in the book. The potential health implications against cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, carcinoma, oxidative damage, asthma, aging and cognition are discussed and explained. Besides, nutritional composition and medicinal implications, origin, morphology, taxonomy and production scenarios of unexplored, as well as commercially important fruits, have also been highlighted in the book. This book will be of interest to students and researchers involved in agricultural sciences, food science, nutrition and the Indian medicine system.

Production Technology of Stone Fruits

Production Technology of Stone Fruits Book
Author : Mohammad Maqbool Mir,Umar Iqbal,Shabir Ahmad Mir
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-04
ISBN : 9811589208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globally stone fruits are emerging in the market due to the increased consumer’s desire for health-promoting foods. Stone fruits attract research attention, mainly due to the cultural and commercial aspects of the array of varieties that are grown. Being grown in wide range of environments, it is very important to understand what factors influence the production and quality attributes of stone fruits. There is a lack of systematic scientific information on strategic approach for production technologies of such fruits. This book will be first of its kind focusing on technological aspects of stone fruits especially on latest developments in present day horticulture. It will be an essential reference for professionals including academicians, scholars, researchers and industries working in the said area. We hope that readers will find this book a useful resource for their research or studies, and it will be helpful in the development of high quality stone fruits in future which will improve the economic and social life of people. Besides, this book fulfills the needs of a number of horticultural courses of Universities and will serving as a pomological manual for all occasions.

Horticultural Reviews

Horticultural Reviews Book
Author : Ian Warrington
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-03-27
ISBN : 111943095X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contributors ix Dedication: Jules Janick xiii Ian Warrington 1. THe Flowers of Fragaria × ananassa: Morphology, Response to Photoperiod, and Genetics of Induction 1 Andrew Petran and Emily Hoover I. INtroduction 2 II. STrawberry Growth, Reproduction, and Commercial Management 2 III. INflorescence Architecture 13 IV. GEnetics of Flower Induction 16 V. COnclusions 26 Literature Cited 27 2. SMall Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS): An Emerging Technology for Horticulture 33 James A. RObbins I. INtroduction 35 II. AIrcraft 36 III. SEnsors and Data Processing 42 IV. HOrticultural Applications 52 V. CHallenges 61 VI. COnclusions 64 Literature Cited 64 3. LEaf Blackening: A Serious Impediment to Long?]Term Cold Storage, Transport, and Extended Vase Life in Protea Cut Flowers 73 Eleanor W. HOffman, Waafeka Vardien, Gerard Jacobs, and Nicole E. WIndell I. INtroduction 74 II. VAriation in Expression of Leaf Blackening 76 III. PHysiological Causes of Leaf Blackening 80 IV. THe Biochemical Mechanisms of Leaf Blackening 87 V. COntrol of Leaf Blackening 90 VI. COnclusions 99 Literature Cited 100 4. SApota (Manilkara achras Forb.): Factors Influencing Fresh and Processed Fruit Quality 105 Babak Madani, Amin Mirshekari, Elhadi Yahia, and John B. GOlding I. INtroduction 107 II. NUtritive Value 111 III. PHysiological and Biochemical Changes During Fruit Maturation and Ripening 114 IV. PReharvest Effects on Postharvest Quality 120 V. PHysiological Disorders 121 VI. POstharvest Diseases 122 VII. POstharvest Technology 123 VIII. POstharvest Treatments 126 IX. N On?]Destructive Methods for Identifying Fruit Maturity and Quality 131 X. PRocessing 132 XI. SUmmary and Future Prospects 134 Literature Cited 136 5. THe Citron (Citrus medica L.) in China 143 David Karp and Xulan Hu I. INtroduction 145 II. HIstory and Culture 145 III. NOmenclature 147 IV. CUrrent Citron Cultivation in China 148 V. MAjor Cultivars of Chinese Citron and Select Citron Hybrids 158 VI. GErmplasm Status; Regional and Global Perspective 190 Literature Cited 192 6. APple Rootstocks: History, Physiology, Management, and Breeding 197 Richard P. MArini and Gennaro Fazio I. INtroduction 198 II. HIstory 199 III. ROotstock-Scion Interactions 204 IV. STresses Influencing Rootstock Performance 225 V. INterstems 259 VI. INfluence of Rootstock on Fruit Characteristics 262 VII. GEnetics and Breeding 266 VIII. ROotstock Evaluation 277 Literature Cited 282 7. CAnopy Growth and Development Processes in Apples and Grapevines: Responses to Temperature 313 Dennis H. GReer I. INtroduction 315 II. PHenology 316 III. DOrmant Buds in Apple Trees and Grapevines 317 IV. WInter Chilling in Apple Trees and Grapevines 319 V. BUdbreak and Shoot Development in Apple Trees and Grapevines 320 VI. FRuit Growth 332 VII. BIomass Partitioning 338 VIII. PHotosynthesis and the Carbon Economy 340 IX. ABiotic Stress Effects on Canopy Physiology 349 X. IMpact of Climate Change on Phenology 355 XI. COnclusions 357 Literature Cited 358 8. ORganic Acids in Fruits: Metabolism, Functions and Contents 371 Robert P. WAlker and Franco Famiani I. INtroduction 373 II. T He Function of the Flesh of Fruits and its Implication for their Organic Acid Contents 375 III. ACids that Contain a Benzene Ring: The Aromatic Acids 377 IV. T He Inter?]Related Acids: Ascorbic, Oxalic, Tartaric, and Galacturonic 385 V. FAtty Acids 398 VI. MAlic, Citric, and Metabolically Related Acids 399 VII. COnclusions 412 Literature Cited 413 Subject Index 431 Cumulative Subject Index 435 Cumulative Contributor Index 473

Cherries

Cherries Book
Author : Jose Quero-Garcia,Amy Iezzoni,Joanna Pulawska,Gregory A Lang
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 1780648375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sweet and sour cherries (Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus) are important fruit crops for which demand is high and growing. A significant number of new varieties, rootstocks and training systems have been released or developed in recent years in order to improve the efficiency and profitability of cherry orchards. Cherries: Botany, Production and Uses covers the genetics, ecophysiology, production, protection and uses of cherries. Presenting up-to-date scientific data and applied information, this book is invaluable for researchers, teachers and all professionals working in the cherries value chain.

Antioxidants in Fruits Properties and Health Benefits

Antioxidants in Fruits  Properties and Health Benefits Book
Author : Gulzar Ahmad Nayik,Amir Gull
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 9811572852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive review of the antioxidant value of widely consumed fruits. Each chapter covers the botanical description, nutritional & health properties of these popular fruits. Fruits are one of the most important indicators of dietary quality and offer protective effects against several chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and various types of cancer. In order to effectively promote fruit consumption, it is necessary to know and understand the components of fruits. In addition to underscoring the importance of fruit consumption’s effects on human diet, the book addresses the characterization of the chemical compounds that are responsible for the antioxidant proprieties of various fruits. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to graduate and post-graduate students, research scholars, academics, pomologists and agricultural scientists alike. Those working in various fruit processing industries and other horticultural departments will also find the comprehensive information relevant to their work.

The Lychee Biotechnology

The Lychee Biotechnology Book
Author : Manoj Kumar,Vivek Kumar,Ram Prasad,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 9811036446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides systematic information on the lychee and modern tools to promote its sustainable growth and development. Including dedicated chapters on the evolution and diversification of the lychee, it highlights its genetic makeup and reciprocal exogenous factors, addressing the narrow genetic pool and lack of natural biodiversity. It also discusses issues related to post-harvest losses and robust approaches at the commercial level. Further, the book offers insights on in vitro propagation methods and prospective transgenic approaches for selected lychee cultivars. Chapters on the production of bioactive compounds and their enhancement through genetic transformation and elicitation are also included, reflecting the latest advances in the field of lychee biotechnology. Lastly, the book explores the use of molecular marker techniques to achieve the desired improvements in fruit trees’ medicinal and aesthetic value.

Valorization of Fruit Processing By products

Valorization of Fruit Processing By products Book
Author : Charis M. Galanakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-14
ISBN : 0128173734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Valorization of Fruit Processing By-products covers the most recent advances in the field of fruit processing by-products following sustainability principles. The urgent need for sustainability within the food industry necessitates research to investigate the handling of by-products with another perspective, e.g. by adapting more profitable options. This book covers the latest developments in this particular direction. It promotes success stories and solutions that ensure the sustainable management of different fruit processing by-products (namely apple, apricot, avocado, Castanea sativa, citrus, date, mango, melon, passion fruit, pineapple, pink guava, pomegranate and watermelon), giving emphasis on the recovery of polyphenols, antioxidants and dietary fiber. Written by a team of experts in food processing and engineering, chemistry and food waste, this title is the definite guide for all the involved partners, engineers, professionals and producers active in the field. Explores fruit processing techniques, scale up limitations and economical evaluation for each source of fruit processing by-product Discusses the valorization of by-products derived from different fruits Features the following fruits, including apple, avocado, chestnut, citrus, date, mango, melon and watermelon, passion fruit, pineapple, pink guava and pomegranate

Banana Nutrition

Banana Nutrition Book
Author : Afam I. O. Jideani,Tonna A. Anyasi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 1839685271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Banana Nutrition - Function and Processing Kinetics covers the nutritional aspects of the banana plant and fruit. The book contains substantial scientific information written in an easy-to-understand format. The chapters include information on pharmacological aspects of banana; banana bioactives: absorption, utilization, and health benefits; banana pseudo-stem fiber: preparation, characteristics, and applications; banana drying kinetics and technologies; and integrating text mining and network analysis for topic detection from published articles on banana sensory characteristics. All the chapters contain recent advances in science and technology regarding the banana that will appeal to farmers, plant breeders, food industry, investors, and consumers as well as students and researchers. Readers will harness valuable information about the banana in controlling food security and non-communicable nutrition-related human illnesses.

Plant derived Bioactives

Plant derived Bioactives Book
Author : Mallappa Kumara Swamy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-27
ISBN : 9811523614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants produce a vast number of bioactive compounds with different chemical scaffolds, which modulate a diverse range of molecular targets and are used as drugs for treating numerous diseases. Most present-day medicines are derived either from plant compounds or their derivatives, and plant compounds continue to offer limitless reserves for the discovery of new medicines. While different classes of plant compounds, like phenolics, flavonoids, saponins and alkaloids, and their potential pharmacological applications are currently being explored, their curative mechanisms are yet to be understood in detail. This book is divided into 2 volumes and offers detailed information on plant-derived bioactive compounds, including recent research findings. Volume 1, “Plant-derived Bioactives: Chemistry and Mode of Action” discusses the chemistry of highly valued plant bioactive compounds and their mode of actions at the molecular level. Volume 2, “Plant-derived Bioactives: Production, Properties and Therapeutic Applications” explores the sources, biosynthesis, production, biological properties and therapeutic applications of plant bioactives. Given their scope, these books are valuable resources for members of the scientific community wishing to further explore various medicinal plants and the therapeutic applications of their bioactive compounds. They appeal to scholars, teachers and scientists involved in plant product research, and facilitate the development of new drugs.

Application of Analytical Chemistry to Foods and Food Technology

Application of Analytical Chemistry to Foods and Food Technology Book
Author : Daniele Naviglio,Monica Gallo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-02-22
ISBN : 3039434608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The application of analytical chemistry to the food sector allows the determination of the chemical composition of foods and the properties of their constituents, contributing to the definition of their nutritional and commodity value. Furthermore, it is possible to study the chemical modifications that food constituents undergo as a result of the treatments they undergo (food technology). Food analysis, therefore, allows us not only to determine the quality of a product or its nutritional value, but also to reveal adulterations and identify the presence of xenobiotic substances potentially harmful to human health. Furthermore, some foods, especially those of plant origin, contain numerous substances with beneficial effects on health. While these functional compounds can be obtained from a correct diet, they can also be extracted from food matrices for the formulation of nutraceutical products or added to foods by technological or biotechnological means for the production of functional foods. On the other hand, the enormous growth of the food industry over the last 50 years has broadened the field of application of analytical chemistry to encompass not only food but also food technology, which is fundamental for increasing the production of all types of food.

The Papaya

The Papaya Book
Author : Sisir Mitra
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 1789241901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Global papaya production has grown significantly over the last few years, mainly as a result of increased production in India. This is the first comprehensive book authored by an international team of experts at the forefront of research and covers botany, biotechnology, production, postharvest physiology and processing"--

Food as Medicine

Food as Medicine Book
Author : Maurice M. Iwu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 1315354381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive book documents African plants used for functional and medicinal foods. It contains more than 60 detailed monographs of African foods, describing foods with various characteristics such as prebiotic, probiotic, satiety, immune modulation, stress-reduction, sports performance, mental acuity, sleep-supporting, metabolic syndrome, antioxidant, and unsaturated fats. Plant description, botanical names and synonyms, plant part used, habitat and distribution, folk use, nutritional content, and chemistry are all fully detailed. The book highlights indigenous African food processing technologies up to the modern era.

Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants Book
Author : Nirmal Joshee,Sadanand A. Dhekney,Prahlad Parajuli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-11
ISBN : 3030312690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a fresh look on a variety of issues concerning herbal medicine - the methods of growing and harvesting various medicinal plants; their phytochemical content; medicinal usage; regulatory issues; and mechanism of action against myriad of human and animal ailments. ‘Medicinal Plants: From Farm to Pharmacy’ comprises chapters authored by renowned experts from academics and industry from all over the world. It provides timely, in-depth study/analysis of medicinal plants that are already available in the market as supplements or drug components, while also introducing several traditional herbs with potential medicinal applications from various regions of the world. The book caters to the needs of a diverse group of readers: plant growers, who are looking for ways to enhance the value of their crops by increasing phytochemical content of plant products; biomedical scientists who are studying newer applications for crude herbal extracts or isolated phytochemicals; clinicians and pharmacologists who are studying interactions of herbal compounds with conventional treatment modalities; entrepreneurs who are navigating ways to bring novel herbal supplements to the market; and finally, natural medicine enthusiasts and end-users who want to learn how herbal compounds are produced in nature, how do they work and how are they used in traditional or modern medicine for various disease indications.

The First Time Design of Cancer Nutrition as Specific to Treatment with Its Mega Analysis Potential Benefits and Drawbacks

The First Time Design of Cancer Nutrition as Specific to Treatment with Its Mega Analysis  Potential  Benefits  and Drawbacks Book
Author : Ugur Gogus
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release : 2020-03-03
ISBN : 172839936X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main aim of the detailed review in the book is to design a diet which is specific to chemotherapy as complementary for the first time to enhance anticancerogenic effect of the chemotherapy. Only such a diet may help to oncologist, dietician and patient with cancer for a better prognosis. It should never be disregarded that any of the food which is contraindicated with the effect of the chemotherapeutic agent on the signaling, pathway or enzyme would have to limit the expectation from the chemotherapeutic agent.

Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals

Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals Book
Author : Elhadi M. Yahia
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-08-29
ISBN : 111915796X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in two volumes and containing more than seventy chapters, the second edition of Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals: Chemistry, Nutritional Value and Stability has been greatly revised and expanded. Written by hundreds of experts from across the world, the chapters cover diverse aspects of chemistry and biological functions, the influence of postharvest technologies, analysis methods and important phytochemicals in more than thirty fruits and vegetables. Providing readers with a comprehensive and cutting-edge description of the metabolism and molecular mechanisms associated with the beneficial effects of phytochemicals for human health, this is the perfect resource not only for students and teachers but also researchers, physicians and the public in general.