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Nutrition and Genomics

Nutrition and Genomics Book
Author : David Castle,Nola Ries
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-04-14
ISBN : 9780080920825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrigenomics is the rapidly developing field of science that studies nutrient-gene interaction. This field has broad implications for understanding the interaction of human genomics and nutrition, but can also have very specific implications for individual dietary recommendations in light of personal genetics. Predicted applications for nutrigenomics include genomics-based dietary guidelines and personalized nutrition based on individual genetic tests. These developments have sweeping ethical, legal and regulatory implications for individuals, corporations and governments. This book brings together experts in ethics, law, regulatory analysis, and communication studies to identify and address relevant issues in the emerging field of nutritional genomics. Contributing authors are experts in the social aspects of biotechnology innovation, with expertise in nutrigenomics. From addressing the concern that nutrigenomics will transform food into medicine and undermine pleasures associated with eating to the latest in the science of nutrigenomics, this book provides a world-wide perspective on the potential impact of nutrigenomics on our association with food. *Explores the rapidly developing, yet not fully understood, impact of nutrigenomics on the relationship to food medicalization, genetic privacy, nutrition and health. *Provides ground for further exploration to identify issues and provide analysis to aid in policy and regulation development *Provides ethical and legal insights into this unfolding science, as well as serving as a model for thinking about issues arising in other fields of science and technology

Molecular Nutrition and Genomics

Molecular Nutrition and Genomics Book
Author : Mark Lucock
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-07-16
ISBN : 9780470129371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fascinating book draws it subject matter from a range of relevant disciplines that extend from molecular nutrition, nutritional sciences, and nutrition dietetics through to genetics, genomics, and anthropology. It presents a vital portrait of the absolutely fundamental role that nutrition has played and continues to play in shaping who and what human beings are, as well as where they evolved from, and where they may be heading as a species. Molecular Nutrition: Nutrition and the Evolution of Humankind: Blends coverage of the molecular mechanisms that underpin nutrient-gene interactions with evolutionary theory Takes a molecular biological approach to problem solving, and moves nutrition away from its dietetic and anthropological origins to the front lines of genomic research Covers key concepts in molecular biology; the –omics revolution and bioinformatics; recent human evolution; molecular mechanisms of gene-nutrient interactions; the importance of nutrients and genomics in disease; the evolution of micronutrient metabolism, protein structure, and human disease; nutrients and the human lifecycle; contemporary dietary patterns; leading-edge laboratory tools in nutrigenomics and human evolutionary studies Written by an internationally recognised expert in the field, Molecular Nutrition: Nutrition and the Evolution of Humankind is an invaluable text and reference book for a wide range of teachers, students, and researchers.

Nutrigenomics and Beyond

Nutrigenomics and Beyond Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-07-28
ISBN : 0309104890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The integration of biology, genomics, and health has opened the possibility of applying genomics technology to nutrition. In 2001, scientists associated with the Human Genome Project announced the successful mapping of the reference sequence of the human genome. Since then, a body of information has emerged. Genomics and related areas of research have contributed greatly to efforts to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying diet-disease relationships. Integration and application of genetic and genomics technology into nutrition research is, therefore, needed to develop nutrition research programs that are aimed at the prevention and control of chronic disease through genomics-based nutritional interventions. Of interest is the integration of relevant computational methods into nutritional genomics research; the enhancement of tools applicable to systems biology; and the effective dissemination of genomics-derived information to scientists, policy makers, and the interested public. To address these issues, a workshop was held on June 1 and 2, 2006. The workshop included presentations that were structured around three focus sessions: human genetic variation, epigenetics, and systems biology. A fourth session presented discussions on the implications of nutrigenomics for the future of nutrition science research. Numerous themes emerged from the workshop presentations. First, nutrigenomics is a complex field because it addresses issues related to multigenetic traits that can be modified by a number of nutritional and other environmental factors. Such complexity presents a challenge to the field; and the ensuing research opportunities will require cooperative work among scientific disciplines and across government, academic, and industrial centers, as well as adequate funding, to be realized. Additionally, the ability to stretch the limits of conventional research methodologies afforded by new genetic and genomic applications at the level of the individual opens the door to a wealth of potential benefits to areas such as disease prevention and wellness, bearing in mind the necessity of ethical safeguards. This potential, however, must be wisely exploited to avoid the pitfalls of overpromising research results and prematurely setting unrealistic expectations for beneficial outcomes. Finally, careful and rigorous research must be employed to optimize outcomes and assure acceptance by the scientific community. In summary, nutrition science is uniquely poised to serve as the crossroads for many disciplines and, using genomics tools, can bring this knowledge together to better understand and address diet-related chronic diseases and molecular responses to dietary factors.

Sports Exercise and Nutritional Genomics

Sports  Exercise  and Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Debmalya Barh,Ildus I. Ahmetov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-25
ISBN : 0128163402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sports, Exercise, and Nutritional Genomics: Current Status and Future Directions is the first reference volume to offer a holistic examination of omics-driven advances across different aspects of exercise and sports physiology, biochemistry, sports medicine, psychology, anthropology, and sports nutrition; and highlighting the opportunities towards advance personalized training and athlete health management. More than 70 international experts from 14 countries have discussed key exercise and sport-related themes through the prism of genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, telomere biology, talent in sport, individual differences in response to regular physical activity, that in the future may empower coaches, sports physicians, fitness experts, genetic counselors, and translational scientists to employ various omics data and approaches in improving health and physical performance of people participating in sports and exercise activities. Contributors address current knowledge of genetic influence on athletic performance, individual responses to exercise training, as well as the genetics of musculoskeletal phenotypes, exercise-related injuries, flexibility, and neurodegenerative disorders in athletes. Finally, performance-related and psychological traits associated with epigenetic, transcriptomic and metagenomic biomarkers are also considered, along with nutritional and pharmacogenomic aids in sports medicine and personalized nutrition. Effectively synthesizes key themes across molecular aspects of exercise and sports sciences Provides a knowledge base for future translation of omics solutions to talent identification, individualized training, and nutrition Features contributions from international experts (researchers and clinicians) in the subject area

Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics in Functional Foods and Personalized Nutrition

Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics in Functional Foods and Personalized Nutrition Book
Author : Lynnette R. Ferguson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439876819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While functional foods have become a reasonably well-established concept, personalized nutrition is still treated with skepticism by many. The recognition that people would have different nutrient requirements, or perceive foods in different ways, raises several concerns-some real, some not so real. Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics in Functional Foo

Nutritional Genomics

Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Jim Kaput,Raymond L. Rodriguez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-04-28
ISBN : 0471781789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The definitive guide to the basic principles and latest advances inNutritional Genomics Though still in its infancy, nutritional genomics, or"nutrigenomics," has revealed much about the complex interactionsbetween diet and genes. But it is in its potential applicationsthat nutrigenomics promises to revolutionize the ways we managehuman health and combat disease in the years ahead. Great progressalready has been made in modeling "personalized" nutrition foroptimal health and longevity as well as in genotype-based dietaryinterventions for the prevention, mitigation, or possible cure of avariety of chronic diseases and some types of cancer. Topics covered include: * Nutrients and gene expression * The role of metabolomics in individualized health * Molecular mechanisms of longevity regulation and calorierestriction * Green tea polyphenols and soy peptides in cancer prevention * Maternal nutrition and fetal gene expression * Genetic susceptibility to heterocyclic amines from cookedfoods * Bioinformatics and biocomputation in nutrigenomics * The pursuit of optimal diets Written by an all-star team of experts from around the globe, thisvolume provides an integrated overview of the cutting-edge field ofnutritional genomics. The authors and editors lead an in-depthdiscussion of the fundamental principles and scientificmethodologies that serve as the foundation for nutritional genomicsand explore important recent advances in an array of relateddisciplines. Each self-contained chapter builds upon itspredecessor, leading the reader seamlessly from basic principles tomore complex scientific findings and experimental designs.Scientific chapters are carefully balanced with those addressingthe social, ethical, regulatory, and commercial implications ofnutrigenomics.

Nutritional Genomics

Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Wayne R. Bidlack,Raymond L. Rodriguez
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439844534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The notion of matching diet with an individual's genetic makeup is transforming the way the public views nutrition as a means of managing health and preventing disease. To fulfill the promise of nutritional genomics, researchers are beginning to reconcile the diverse properties of dietary factors with our current knowledge of genome structure and g

Nutritional Genomics

Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Regina Brigelius-Flohé,Hans-Georg Joost
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2006-03-10
ISBN : 9783527312948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutritional genomics paves the way for novel applications in medicine and human nutrition, and this volume presents the latest data on how genetic variation is associated with dietary response and how nutrients influence gene expression. In so doing, it brings together the various disciplines involved in this field of research, making this essential reading for nutritionists, biochemists and molecular biologists.

Principles of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics

Principles of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics Book
Author : Raffaele De Caterina,J. Alfredo Martinez,Martin Kohlmeier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-22
ISBN : 0128045876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics: Fundamentals for Individualized Nutrition is the most comprehensive foundational text on the complex topics of nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics. Edited by three leaders in the field with contributions from the most well-cited researchers conducting groundbreaking research in the field, the book covers how the genetic makeup influences the response to foods and nutrients and how nutrients affect gene expression. Principles of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics: Fundamentals for Individualized Nutrition is broken into four parts providing a valuable overview of genetics, nutrigenetics, and nutrigenomics, and a conclusion that helps to translate research into practice. With an overview of the background, evidence, challenges, and opportunities in the field, readers will come away with a strong understanding of how this new science is the frontier of medical nutrition. Principles of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics: Fundamentals for Individualized Nutrition is a valuable reference for students and researchers studying nutrition, genetics, medicine, and related fields. Uniquely foundational, comprehensive, and systematic approach with full evidence-based coverage of established and emerging topics in nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics Includes a valuable guide to ethics for genetic testing for nutritional advice Chapters include definitions, methods, summaries, figures, and tables to help students, researchers, and faculty grasp key concepts Companion website includes slide decks, images, questions, and other teaching and learning aids designed to facilitate communication and comprehension of the content presented in the book

Genomics and Proteomics in Nutrition

Genomics and Proteomics in Nutrition Book
Author : Carolyn D. Berdanier,Naima Moustaid-Moussa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-08-11
ISBN : 020302592X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from 66 world-renowned authorities on the subject, Genomics And Proteomics In Nutrition focuses on the effect of genetic expression on protein production, establishing links between gene expression and nutrition, the influence of micro- and macronutrients on cellular homeostasis, and the relationship between diet, genetic

Nutritional Genomics

Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Regina Brigelius-Flohé,Hans-Georg Joost
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-08-21
ISBN : 3527607757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutritional genomics paves the way for novel applications in medicine and human nutrition, and this volume presents the latest data on how genetic variation is associated with dietary response and how nutrients influence gene expression. In so doing, it brings together the various disciplines involved in this field of research, making this essential reading for nutritionists, biochemists and molecular biologists.

Science Society and the Supermarket

Science  Society  and the Supermarket Book
Author : David Castle,Cheryl Cline,Abdallah S. Daar,Charoula Tsamis,Peter A. Singer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-12-22
ISBN : 0470055499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new science of nutrigenomics and its ethical and societal challenges Gene-diet interactions--which underlie relatively benign lactose intolerance to life-threatening conditions such as cardiovascular disease--have long been known. But until now, scientists lacked the tools to fully understand the underlying mechanisms that cause these conditions. In recent years, however, strides in human genomics and the nutritional sciences have allowed for the advancement of a new science--dubbed nutrigenomics. Although this science may lead to personalized nutrition and dietary recommendations that can mitigate, prevent, or cure sickness, current oversight mechanisms and regulations for emerging direct-to-public nutrigenomic tests are still in their infancy. Science, Society, and the Supermarket: The Opportunities and Challenges of Nutrigenomics discusses the many ethical, legal, and social challenges presented by nutrigenomics. Concerning itself with the basic uses of nutrigenomic research as well as its clinical and commercial aspects, this text sheds light on such issues as: * Opportunities and challenges for nutrigenomics * The science of nutrigenomics * The ethics of nutrigenomic tests and information both in a clinical setting and by private third parties * Alternatives for nutrigenomics service delivery * Nutrigenomics and the regulation of health claims for foods and drugs * Equity and access to nutrigenomics in industrialized and developing countries * Intellectual property issues By taking a proactive bioethical stance on the subject, Science, Society, and the Supermarket offers a thorough and timely analysis on both the benefits and risks of nutrigenomics. Along with a thought-provoking examination of the issues, this book provides ethical guidelines and recommendations for further study in policy and regulatory development.

Nutritional Genomics

Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Hollie Whinham
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A research paper on the new field of nutrition called nutritional genomics and how this can be used with genetics and family health history in the prevention of disease.

Plant Nutritional Genomics

Plant Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Martin R. Broadley,Philip J. White
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-05
ISBN : 1405143762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A ‘textbook’ plant typically comprises about 85% waterand 13.5% carbohydrates. The remaining fraction contains at least14 mineral elements, without which plants would be unable tocomplete their life cycles. Understanding plant nutrition and applying this knowledge topractical use is important for several reasons. First, anunderstanding of plant nutrition allows fertilisers to be used morewisely. Second, the nutritional composition of crops must betailored to meet the health of humans and livestock. Third, manyregions of the world are currently unsuitable for crop production,and an understanding of plant nutrition can be used to developstrategies either for the remediation of this land or for thecultivation of novel crops. That application of knowledge of plant nutrition can be achievedthrough genotypic or agronomic approaches. Genotypic approaches,based on crop selection and / or breeding (conventional or GM),have recently begun to benefit from technological advances,including the completion of plant genome sequencing projects. Thisbook provides an overview of how plant nutritional genomics,defined as the interaction between a plant's genome and itsnutritional characteristics, has developed in the light ofthese technological advances, and how this new knowledge mightusefully be applied. This is a book for researchers and professionals in plantmolecular genetics, biochemistry and physiology, in both theacademic and industrial sectors.

Nutrigenomics How Science Works

Nutrigenomics  How Science Works Book
Author : Carsten Carlberg,Stine Marie Ulven,Ferdinand Molnár
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 303036948X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fascinating area of Nutrigenomics describes this daily communication between our diet and our genome. This book describes how nutrition shapes human evolution and demonstrates its consequences for our susceptibility to diseases, such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. Inappropriate diet can yield stress for our cells, tissues and organs and then it is often associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. Overnutrition paired with physical inactivity leads to overweight and obesity and results in increased burden for a body that originally was adapted for a life in the savannahs of East Africa. Therefore, this textbook does not discuss a theoretical topic in science, but it talks about real life and our life-long “chat” with diet. We are all food consumers, thus each of us is concerned by the topic of this book and should be aware of its mechanisms. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview on the principles of nutrigenomics and their relation to health or disease. The content of this book is based on the lecture course “Nutrigenomics”, which is held since 2003 once per year by Prof. Carlberg at the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio. The book represents an updated but simplified version of our textbook “Nutrigenomics” (ISBN 978-3-319-30413-7). Besides its value as a textbook, “Nutrigenomics: how science works” will be a useful reference for individuals working in biomedicine

Nutrigenomics and Nutraceuticals

Nutrigenomics and Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Yashwant V. Pathak,Ali M. Ardekani
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 1498765122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics and related areas of research have contributed greatly to the understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying diet–disease relationships. In the past decade, the evidence has become stronger for a direct link between genome/epigenome damage and increased risk for adverse health outcomes. It is now exceedingly clear that micronutrients are critical as cofactors for many cellular functions, including DNA repair enzymes, methylation of CpG sequences, DNA oxidation, and/or uracil incorporation into DNA. Nutrigenomics and Nutraceuticals: Clinical Relevance and Disease Prevention brings new perspectives on disease prevention strategy based on the genomic knowledge and nutraceuticals of an individual and the diet he or she receives. This book discusses the integration and application of genetic and genomics technology into nutrition research and paves the way for the development of nutrition research programs that are aimed at the prevention and control of chronic disease through genomics-based nutritional interventions. In this book, the editors bring together a wide spectrum of nutritional scientists worldwide to contribute to the growing knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics and nutraceuticals.

Nutrigenomics and Beyond

Nutrigenomics and Beyond Book
Author : Food and Nutrition Board,Institute Of Medicine
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007-06-28
ISBN : 9780309383622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The integration of biology, genomics, and health has opened the possibility of applying genomics technology to nutrition. In 2001, scientists associated with the Human Genome Project announced the successful mapping of the reference sequence of the human genome. Since then, a body of information has emerged. Genomics and related areas of research have contributed greatly to efforts to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying diet-disease relationships. Integration and application of genetic and genomics technology into nutrition research is, therefore, needed to develop nutrition research programs that are aimed at the prevention and control of chronic disease through genomics-based nutritional interventions. Of interest is the integration of relevant computational methods into nutritional genomics research; the enhancement of tools applicable to systems biology; and the effective dissemination of genomics-derived information to scientists, policy makers, and the interested public. To address these issues, a workshop was held on June 1 and 2, 2006. The workshop included presentations that were structured around three focus sessions: human genetic variation, epigenetics, and systems biology. A fourth session presented discussions on the implications of nutrigenomics for the future of nutrition science research. Numerous themes emerged from the workshop presentations. First, nutrigenomics is a complex field because it addresses issues related to multigenetic traits that can be modified by a number of nutritional and other environmental factors. Such complexity presents a challenge to the field; and the ensuing research opportunities will require cooperative work among scientific disciplines and across government, academic, and industrial centers, as well as adequate funding, to be realized. Additionally, the ability to stretch the limits of conventional research methodologies afforded by new genetic and genomic applications at the level of the individual opens the door to a wealth of potential benefits to areas such as disease prevention and wellness, bearing in mind the necessity of ethical safeguards. This potential, however, must be wisely exploited to avoid the pitfalls of overpromising research results and prematurely setting unrealistic expectations for beneficial outcomes. Finally, careful and rigorous research must be employed to optimize outcomes and assure acceptance by the scientific community. In summary, nutrition science is uniquely poised to serve as the crossroads for many disciplines and, using genomics tools, can bring this knowledge together to better understand and address diet-related chronic diseases and molecular responses to dietary factors.

Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition

Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Food Forum
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 0309477646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On December 5, 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop titled Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition in Washington, DC, to review current knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics as it relates to nutrition. Workshop participants explored the influence of genetic and epigenetic expression on nutritional status and the potential impact of personalized nutrition on health maintenance and chronic disease prevention. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Nutrigenomics

Nutrigenomics Book
Author : Carsten Carlberg,Stine Marie Ulven,Ferdinand Molnár
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-11
ISBN : 3319304151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fascinating area of Nutrigenomics describes this daily communication between diet, food and nutrients, their metabolites and our genome. This book describes how nutrition shapes human evolution and demonstrates its consequences for our susceptibility to diseases, such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. Inappropriate diet can yield stress for our cells, tissues and organs and then it is often associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. Overnutrition paired with physical inactivity leads to overweight and obesity and results in increased burden for a body that originally was adapted for a life in the savannas of East Africa. Therefore, this textbook does not discuss a theoretical topic in science, but it talks about real life, and our life-long “chat” with diet. We are all food consumers, thus each of us is concerned by the topic of this book and should be aware of its mechanisms. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview on the principles of nutrigenomics and their relation to health or disease. We are not aiming to compete with more comprehensive textbooks on molecular nutrition, evolutionary biology, genomics, gene regulation or metabolic diseases, but rather will focus on the essentials and will combine, in a compact form, elements from different disciplines. In order to facilitate the latter, we favor a high figure-to-text ratio following the rule “a picture tells more than thousand words”. The content of this book is based on the lecture course “Nutrigenomics”, which is held since 2003 once per year by Prof. Carlberg at the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio. The book is subdivided into three sections and twelve chapters. Following the "Introduction" there are sections on the "Molecular genetic basis" and the "Links to disease", which take a view on nutrigenomics from the perspective of molecular mechanisms or from the causes of metabolic diseases, respectively. Besides its value as a textbook, Nutrigenomics will be a usefull reference for individuals working in biomedicine.

Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition Book
Author : Janos Zempleni,Hannelore Daniel
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0851996795
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular nutrition (the study of interactions between nutrients and various intracellular and extracellular molecules) is one of the most rapidly developing fields in nutritional science. Ultimately, molecular nutrition research will reveal how nutrients may affect fundamental processes such as DNA repair, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. This book is the only single complete volume available reviewing the field of molecular nutrition. It contains contributions from leading international experts, and reviews the most important and latest research from various areas of molecular nutrition.