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Nucleic Acids in Chemistry and Biology

Nucleic Acids in Chemistry and Biology Book
Author : G. Michael Blackburn
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 0854046542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The structure, function and reactions of nucleic acids are central to molecular biology and are crucial for the understanding of complex biological processes involved. Revised and updated Nucleic Acids in Chemistry and Biology 3rd Edition discusses in detail, both the chemistry and biology of nucleic acids and brings RNA into parity with DNA. Written by leading experts, with extensive teaching experience, this new edition provides some updated and expanded coverage of nucleic acid chemistry, reactions and interactions with proteins and drugs. A brief history of the discovery of nucleic acids is followed by a molecularly based introduction to the structure and biological roles of DNA and RNA. Key chapters are devoted to the chemical synthesis of nucleosides and nucleotides, oligonucleotides and their analogues and to analytical techniques applied to nucleic acids. The text is supported by an extensive list of references, making it a definitive reference source. This authoritative book presents topics in an integrated manner and readable style. It is ideal for graduate and undergraduates students of chemistry and biochemistry, as well as new researchers to the field.

Nucleic Acids

Nucleic Acids Book
Author : John M. Walker
Publisher : Humana
Release : 1984-12-11
ISBN : 9780896031074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years there has been a tremendous increase in our understanding of the functioning of the cell at the molecular level. This has been achieved in the main by the invention and development of new methodology, parti- larly in that area generally referred to as "genetic en- neering". While this revolution has been taking place in the field of nucleic acids research, the protein chemist has at the same time developed fresh methodology to keep pace with the requirements of present day molecular bi- ogy. Today's molecular biologist can no longer be content with being an expert in one particular area alone. He/she needs to be equally competent in the laboratory at h- dling DNA, RNA, and proteins, moving from one area to another as required by the problem he/she is trying to solve. Although many of the new techniques in molecular biology are relatively easy to master, it is often difficult for a researcher to obtain all the relevant information nec- sary for setting up and successfully applying a new te- nique. Information is of course available in the research l- erature, but this often lacks the depth of description that the new user requires. This requirement for in-depth pr- tical details has become apparent by the considerable - mand for places on our Molecular Biology Workshops held at Hatfield each summer.

Nucleic Acids in Immunology

Nucleic Acids in Immunology Book
Author : O. J. Plescia,W. Braun
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642876684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two fields have played a leading role in biomedical research in recent years, the biochemistry of nucleic acids and immunology. Yet, with the exception of those aspects which have been concerned with antibody synthesis as an example of protein synthesis, there was until recently a lack of direct association between the two fields. Until quite recently the antigenicity of nucleic acids was still in doubt and indeed represented a controversial subject. Also, the exact role of the various nucleic acids in various stages of antibody synthesis was uncertain. These skepticisms and uncertainties disappeared rapidly in the last few years. New experi mental approaches brought the realization that nucleic acids, under appropriate conditions, are indeed immunogenic, and that the resulting antibodies can furnish new tools for the exploration of the mplecular structure of the all-important family of nucleic acid molecules. ' At the same time, the recognition of the antigenicity of nucleic acids brought a new level of understanding to certain auto-immune diseases and pro vided new material for the exploration of the role of a carrier in immune responses. Side by side with this development was the almost explosive development of new experimental approaches and new ideas pertaining to the problem of antibody formation. Nucleic acids in their various forms were recognized as playing an expected major role in the activation of antibody-forming cells. Perhaps less to be expected was the role they can playas non-specific stimulators of antibody formation.

Organic Chemistry of Nucleic Acids

Organic Chemistry of Nucleic Acids Book
Author : N. Kochetkov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468429736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of nucleic acids is one of the most rapidly developing fields in modern science. The exceptionally important role of the nucleic acids as a key to the understanding of the nature of life is reflected in the enormous number of published works on the subject, including many outstanding monographs and surveys. The pathways of syn thesis and metabolism of nucleic acid,s and the many and varied biological functions of these biopolymers are examined with the utmost detail in the literature. Nearly as much attention has been paid to the macromolecular chemistry of the nucleic acids: elucidation of the size and shape of their molecules, the study of the physicochemical properties of their solutions, and the appropriate methods to be used in such research. The surveys of the chemistry of nucleic acids which have been published so far deal almost entirely with their synthesis and, in particular, with the synthetic chemistry of monomers (nucleosides and nucleotides) ; less attention has been paid to the synthesis of poly nucleotides. There is yet another highly important aspect of the chemistry of nucleic acids which is still in the formative stage, the study of the reactivity of nucleic acid macromolecules and their components. This can make an important contribution to the deter mination of the structure of these remarkable biopolymers and to the correct understanding of their biological functions.

Nucleic Acids and Proteins in Soil

Nucleic Acids and Proteins in Soil Book
Author : Paolo Nannipieri,Kornelia Smalla
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-09-22
ISBN : 354029449X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With millions of different bacterial species living in soil, the microbial community is extremely complex, varying at very small scales. Microbe-driven functions are essential for most processes in soil. Thus, a better understanding of this microbial diversity will be invaluable for the management of the various soil functions. Nucleic Acids and Proteins in Soil combines traditional approaches in soil microbiology and biochemistry with the latest techniques in molecular microbial ecology. Included are methods to analyse the presence and importance of nucleic acids and proteins both inside and outside microbial cells, the horizontal gene transfer which drives bacterial diversity, as well as soil proteomes. Further chapters describe techniques such as PCR, fingerprinting, the challenging use of gene arrays for structural and functional analysis, stable isotope probing to identify in situ metabolic functions, and the use of marker and reporter genes in soil microbial ecology.

Chemistry of Nucleic Acids

Chemistry of Nucleic Acids Book
Author : Harri Lönnberg
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-08-10
ISBN : 3110613980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life in all its forms is based on nucleic acids which store and transfer genetic information. The book addresses the main aspects of synthesis, hydrolytic stability, solution equilibria of nucleosides and nucleotides as well as base modifications of nucleic acids. The author further describes their structural analogues used as therapeutic drugs, such as antivirals and anticancer agents, and prodrug strategies of nucleotides.

The Components of Life

The Components of Life Book
Author : Britannica Educational Publishing
Publisher : Britannica Educational Publishing
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 1615303898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The building blocks of all life—human and otherwise—are basic chemical molecules common to all organisms that simultaneously unite all species and set them apart. Together, nucleic acids, amino acids, proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates determine our genetic makeup, power our movements, and generally enable some of the most vital and complex chemical reactions of the body. This volume examines the structure and function of each of these fascinating elements and the interrelationships between them, which nurture all existence.

Nucleic Acids as Molecular Diagnostics

Nucleic Acids as Molecular Diagnostics Book
Author : Andreas Keller,Eckart Meese
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-12
ISBN : 3527335560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By integrating technology, supporting infrastructure and efficient application, the all-in-one guide presents molecular diagnostics as an essential component of modern, personalized clinical practice. It considers all important aspects, from the hardware and software needed, to recent improvements in blood- and non-blood-based biomarker tests. Chapters on ethical challenges and a look at current trends and the latest innovations are also included. Bridging the gap between industry and academia, this is a highly useful resource for practitioners as well as for developers of modern, DNA- and RNA-based molecular diagnostics.

Medicinal Chemistry of Nucleic Acids

Medicinal Chemistry of Nucleic Acids Book
Author : Li-He Zhang,Zhen Xi,Jyoti Chattopadhyaya
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-10
ISBN : 9781118092811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complete, up-to-date coverage of the broad area of nucleic acid chemistry and biology Assembling contributions from a collection of authors with expertise in all areas of nucleic acids, medicinal chemistry, and therapeutic applications, Medicinal Chemistry of Nucleic Acids presents a thorough overview of nucleic acid chemistry—a rapidly evolving and highly challenging discipline directly responsible for the development of antiviral and antitumor drugs. This reliable resource delves into a multitude of subject areas involving the study of nucleic acids—such as the new advances in genome sequencing, and the processes for creating RNA interference (RNAi) based drugs—to assist pharmaceutical researchers in removing roadblocks that hinder their ability to predict drug efficacy. Offering the latest cutting-edge science in this growing field, Medicinal Chemistry of Nucleic Acids includes: In-depth coverage of the development and application of modified nucleosides and nucleotides in medicinal chemistry A close look at a large range of current topics on nucleic acid chemistry and biology Essential information on the use of nucleic acid drugs to treat diseases like cancer A thorough exploration of siRNA for RNAi and the regulation of microRNA, non-coding RNA (ncRNA), a newly developing and exciting research area Thorough in its approach and promising in its message, Medicinal Chemistry of Nucleic Acids probes the new domains of pharmaceutical research—and exposes readers to a wealth of new drug discovery opportunities emerging in the dynamic field of nucleic acid chemistry.

Nucleic acids and nucleotides

Nucleic acids and nucleotides Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-11-07
ISBN : 8131241629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nucleic acids and nucleotides Nucleic acids and nucleotides

Drug Nucleic Acid Interactions

Drug Nucleic Acid Interactions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-07-31
ISBN : 0080496903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume consolidates the key methods for studying ligand-nucleic acid interactions into a convenient source. Techniques that are examined range from biophysical and chemical approaches to methods rooted in molecular and cell biology.

Radiation Induced Molecular Phenomena in Nucleic Acids

Radiation Induced Molecular Phenomena in Nucleic Acids Book
Author : Manoj Shukla,Jerzy Leszczynski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-08
ISBN : 1402081847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive theoretical and experimental analysis of UV-radiation and low energy electron induced phenomena in nucleic acid bases (NABs) and base assemblies are presented in this book. NABs are highly photostable; the absorbed energy is dissipated in the form of ultrafast nonradiative decay. This book highlights the possible mechanisms of these phenomena which is important for all living species and discusses technical challenges in exploration of these processes.

Biological Sequence Analysis

Biological Sequence Analysis Book
Author : Richard Durbin,Sean R. Eddy,Anders Krogh,Graeme Mitchison
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1998-04-23
ISBN : 113945739X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probabilistic models are becoming increasingly important in analysing the huge amount of data being produced by large-scale DNA-sequencing efforts such as the Human Genome Project. For example, hidden Markov models are used for analysing biological sequences, linguistic-grammar-based probabilistic models for identifying RNA secondary structure, and probabilistic evolutionary models for inferring phylogenies of sequences from different organisms. This book gives a unified, up-to-date and self-contained account, with a Bayesian slant, of such methods, and more generally to probabilistic methods of sequence analysis. Written by an interdisciplinary team of authors, it aims to be accessible to molecular biologists, computer scientists, and mathematicians with no formal knowledge of the other fields, and at the same time present the state-of-the-art in this new and highly important field.

Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology

Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology Book
Author : Fritz Eckstein,David M. J. Lilley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642833845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular biology has always been a discipline of rapid development. Despite this, we are presently experiencing a period of unprecedented proliferation of information in nucleic acid studies and molecular biology. These areas are intimately interwoven, so that each influences the other to their mutual benefit. The rapid growth in information leads to ever-increasing specialization, so that it becomes increasingly difficult for a scientist to keep abreast of developments in all the various aspects of the field, although an up-to-date knowledge of the field as a whole is highly desirable. With this background in mind we present the series Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology. It comprises focused review articles by active researchers who report on the newest developments in their areas of particular interest.

Structure and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids Proteins and Membranes

Structure and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids  Proteins  and Membranes Book
Author : E. Clementi,S. Chin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-03-29
ISBN : 9781468453102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume collects a number of the invited lectures and a few selected contrib utions presented at the International Symposium on Structure and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids, Proteins and Membranes held August 31st through September 5th, 1986, in Riva del Garda, Italy. The title of the conference as well as a number of the topics covered represent a continuation of two previous conferences, the first held in 1982 at the University of California in San Diego, and the second in 1984 in Rome at the Accademia dei Lincei. These two earlier conferences have been documented in Structure and Dynamics: Nucleic Acids and Proteins, edited by E. Clementi and R. H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, 1983, and Structure and Motion: Membranes, Nucleic Acids and Proteins, edited by E. Clementi, G. Corongiu, M. H. Sarma and R. H. Sarma, Adenine Press, New York, 1985. At this conference in Riva del Garda we were very hesitant to keep the name of the conference the same as the two previous ones. Indeed, a number of topics discussed in this conference were not included in the previous ones and even the emphasis of this gathering is only partly reflected in the conference title. An alternative title would have been Structure and Dynamics of Nucleic Acids, Proteins, and Higher Functions, or, possibly, "higher components" rather than "higher functions.

Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology

Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-02-28
ISBN : 9780080544427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nucleic acids are the fundamental building blocks of DNA and RNA and are found in virtually every living cell. Molecular biology is a branch of science that studies the physicochemical properties of molecules in a cell, including nucleic acids, proteins, and enzymes. Increased understanding of nucleic acids and their role in molecular biology will further many of the biological sciences including genetics, biochemistry, and cell biology. Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas in molecular biology. It contains contributions from leaders in their fields and abundant references. Provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas in molecular biology Includes contributions from leaders in the field Contains abundant references

Mass Spectrometry of Nucleosides and Nucleic Acids

Mass Spectrometry of Nucleosides and Nucleic Acids Book
Author : Joseph H. Banoub,Patrick A. Limbach
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-12-21
ISBN : 9781420044034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assembling the work of an international panel of researchers, Mass Spectrometry of Nucleosides and Nucleic Acids summarizes and reviews the latest developments in the field and provides a window on the next generation of analysis. Beginning with an overview of recent developments, the book highlights the most popular ionization methods and illustrates the diversity of strategies employed in the characterization and sequencing of DNA and RNA oligomers, nucleosides, nucleotides, and adducts. It describes studies performed on deoxyinosine and its analogues and provides an introduction to tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Next, the contributors examine mass spectrometric application in the study of cyclic nucleotides in biochemical signal transduction. They analyze urinary modified nucleosides and explore DNA adducts. They discuss isotope labeling of DNA-mass spectrometry (ILD-MS) and examine various uses of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The book reviews recent progress in the direct MS characterization of noncovalent nucleic acid-protein complexes, explores the interaction and ionization of guanidine-derived compounds with highly acidic biomolecules, and examines quantitative identification of nucleic acids via signature digestion products detected using mass spectrometry. The book describes a direct-infusion ESI-MS approach that can serve as a screening technique for the presence of modified nucleosides from small RNAs. Lastly, it discusses the LC-MS/MS method for the in vitro replication studies on damage-containing DNA substrates, and concludes with an examination of the influence of metal ions on the structure and reactivity of nucleic acids. The exciting developments in mass spectrometry technology have fueled incredible advances in our understanding of nucleic acids and their complexes. The contributions presented in this volume capture the range of these advances, helping to inspire new findings and avenues of research.

Chemistry and Cytochemistry of Nucleic Acids and Nuclear Proteins

Chemistry and Cytochemistry of Nucleic Acids and Nuclear Proteins Book
Author : Christoph Scholtissek,B.M. Richards,R. Vendrely,C. Vendrely,D.P. Bloch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 370915569X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of nucleic acids has grown to such a tremendeous size that it is impossible to include all publications concerning the chemistry and biological role of nucleic acids in an article of the length presented in this "Volume. Therefore, it is necessary to select the most important contributions and those not included "in well-known reviews. In many cases reference is made only to the authors who summarized their specialized field in chapters of the three volumes of "The Nucleic Acids" (edB. E. CHARGAFF and J. N. DAVIDSON, Acad. Press, New York 1955 and 19(0) or to the "Nucleic Acid Outlines" (V. R. POTTER, Burgess Publishing Comp. Minneapolis), where further literature and more detailed discussions may be found. Facts and theories will be dealt with, but not lists of references. Therefore it is not possible to follow in all cases the historical development of an idea and to admowledge all publications which might be important and inter esting from another point of view. Very little is mentioned about methods in the field of nucleic acids.

Photoinduced Phenomena in Nucleic Acids II

Photoinduced Phenomena in Nucleic Acids II Book
Author : Mario Barbatti,Antonio Carlos Borin,Susanne Ullrich
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-26
ISBN : 3319132725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Topics in Current Chemistry presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in modern chemical research. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research chemists at universities or in industry, graduate students.

Circulating Nucleic Acids in Early Diagnosis Prognosis and Treatment Monitoring

Circulating Nucleic Acids in Early Diagnosis  Prognosis and Treatment Monitoring Book
Author : Peter B. Gahan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-18
ISBN : 9401791686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

DNA and RNA fractions can be isolated from a variety of body fluids including whole blood, serum, plasma, urine, saliva and cerebrospinal fluid from both patients and healthy individuals. Such isolates can be exploited in the early detection of clinical disorders, stratification of patients for treatment, treatment monitoring and clinical follow-up. In addition, the use in fetal medicine allows the early detection of fetal sex, Rh factor and aneuploid disorders as well as following both fetal and premature born infant development. This volume is intended as a primer for those who are interested in entering the field of circulating nucleic acids. The areas covered in this volume include: · Background and general biology of circulating nucleic acids · Methodology · Applications of circulating nucleic acids · Quality Assurance · Ethics