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Nucleation Of Water

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Nucleation of Water

Nucleation of Water Book
Author : Ari Laaksonen,Jussi Malila
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-25
ISBN : 0128143223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nucleation of Water: From Fundamental Science to Atmospheric and Additional Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of the current state-of-the-art regarding the nucleation of water. It covers vapor-liquid, liquid-vapor, liquid-ice and vapor-ice transitions and describes basic kinetic and thermodynamic concepts in a manner understandable to researchers working on specific applications. The main focus of the book lies in atmospheric phenomena, but it also describes engineering and biological applications. Bubble nucleation, although not of major atmospheric relevance, is included for completeness. This book presents a single, go-to resource that will help readers understand the breadth and depth of nucleation, both in theory and in real-world examples. Offers a single, comprehensive work on water nucleation, including cutting- edge research on ice, cloud and bubble nucleation Written primarily for atmospheric scientists, but it also presents the theories in such a way that researchers in other disciplines will find it useful Written by one of the world’s foremost experts on ice nucleation

Ice Adhesion

Ice Adhesion Book
Author : K. L. Mittal,Chang-Hwan Choi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 1119640377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book presents ways to mitigate the disastrous effects of snow/ice accumulation and discusses the mechanisms of new coatings deicing technologies. The strategies currently used to combat ice accumulation problems involve chemical, mechanical or electrical approaches. These are expensive and labor intensive, and the use of chemicals raises serious environmental concerns. The availability of truly icephobic surfaces or coatings will be a big boon in preventing the devastating effects of ice accumulation. Currently, there is tremendous interest in harnessing nanotechnology in rendering surfaces icephobic or in devising icephobic surface materials and coatings, and all signals indicate that such interest will continue unabated in the future. As the key issue regarding icephobic materials or coatings is their durability, much effort is being spent in developing surface materials or coatings which can be effective over a long period. With the tremendous activity in this arena, there is strong hope that in the not too distant future, durable surface materials or coatings will come to fruition. This book contains 20 chapters by subject matter experts and is divided into three parts— Part 1: Fundamentals of Ice Formation and Characterization; Part 2: Ice Adhesion and Its Measurement; and Part 3: Methods to Mitigate Ice Adhesion. The topics covered include: factors influencing the formation, adhesion and friction of ice; ice nucleation on solid surfaces; physics of ice nucleation and growth on a surface; condensation frosting; defrosting properties of structured surfaces; relationship between surface free energy and ice adhesion to surfaces; metrology of ice adhesion; test methods for quantifying ice adhesion strength to surfaces; interlaboratory studies of ice adhesion strength; mechanisms of surface icing and deicing technologies; icephobicities of superhydrophobic surfaces; anti-icing using microstructured surfaces; icephobic surfaces: features and challenges; bio-inspired anti-icing surface materials; durability of anti-icing coatings; durability of icephobic coatings; bio-inspired icephobic coatings; protection from ice accretion on aircraft; and numerical modeling and its application to inflight icing.

Practical Meteorology

Practical Meteorology Book
Author : Roland Stull
Publisher : Sundog Publishing, LLC
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9780888652836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A quantitative introduction to atmospheric science for students and professionals who want to understand and apply basic meteorological concepts but who are not ready for calculus.

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols Book
Author : Colin D. O'Dowd,Paul E. Wagner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10
ISBN : 1402064748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atmospheric particles are ubiquitous in the atmosphere: they form the seeds for cloud droplets and they form haze layers, blocking out incoming radiation and contributing to a partial cooling of our climate. They also contribute to poor air quality and health impacts. A large fraction of aerosols are formed from nucleation processes – that is a phase transition from vapour to liquid or solid particles. Examples are the formation of stable clusters about 1 nm in size from molecular collisions and these in turn can grow into larger (100 nm or more) haze particles via condensation to the formation of ice crystals in mixed phase or cold clouds. This book brings together the leading experts from the nucleation and atmospheric aerosols research communities to present the current state-of-the-art knowledge in these related fields. Topics covered are: Nucleation Experiment & Theory, Binary, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Nucleation, Ion & Cluster Properties During Nucleation, Aerosol Characterisation & Properties, Aerosol Formation, Dynamics and Growth, Marine Aerosol Production, Aerosol-Cloud Interactions, Chemical Composition & Cloud Drop Activation, Remote Sensing of aerosol & clouds and Air Quality-Climate Interactions

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996

Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols 1996 Book
Author : M. Kulmala,P.E. Wagner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1996-08-13
ISBN : 9780080537825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 14th International Conference on Nucleation and Atmospheric Aerosols, Helsinki, 26 - 30 August 1996. The first conference of this series took place in Dublin (1955); second, Basel and Locarno (1956); third, Cambridge (1958); fourth, Frankfurt am Main and Heidelberg (1961); fifth, Clermont-Ferrand and Tolouse (1963); sixth, Albany and University Park (1966); seventh, Prague and Vienna (1969); eighth, Leningrad (1973); ninth, Galway (1977); tenth, Hamburg (1981); eleventh Budapest (1984); twelfth, Vienna (1988); thirteenth, Salt Lake City (1992). The Atmospheric Aerosol conference has been held jointly with the Nucleation Symposium since 1988 in Vienna in order to stimulate contacts between researchers in these closely related fields. The broad nature of the meeting and the scientific program resulted in 32 countries submitting papers for presentation. Covering both experimental and theoretical studies these papers are divided amongst the chapters on Nucleation, Stratospheric Aerosols and Ice Nucleation, Tropospheric Aerosols and Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interaction. In addition to these contributed papers invitations to present a plenary lecture on topics of particular current interest were accepted by P.J. Crutzen, J. Gras, J.L. Katz, A.A. Lushnikov, D. Oxtoby, J.E. Penner, Th. Peter, F. Raes, S.E. Schwartz, R. Strey and G. Vali. These plenary papers together with the contributed papers provide a well-balanced perspective of the current research over the entire field and highlight some important issues.

Anomalous Water Nucleation Growth and Properties

Anomalous Water  Nucleation  Growth and Properties Book
Author : George K. Swinzow
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An anomalous liquid phase forming in an atmosphere of reduced water vapor pressure was investigated. The liquid was grown in capillary tubes. Technical experimental refinements resulted in high nucleation rates not previously observed. An examination of vapor pressures disclosed the relationship of nucleation growth and equilibria of anomalous water. The possibility of nucleation and growth of anomalous water on flat surfaces was confirmed by observation. Anomalous water was nucleated and grown on glass, quartz, Teflon, polyethylene and metal. Growth rates on free flat surfaces were higher, and the total amount of fluid obtained was several orders of magnitude higher, than those obtained from capillary tubes. Refractive indexes and other properties were measured directly. The new method of growing anomalous water outside capillary tubes is an advantage that may lead to large-scale production. Neither investigation of nor conclusion on the nature of the substance was made. Its low freezing temperature, high boiling temperature, low vapor pressure and high viscosity, reported by previous investigators and observed by the author, are of primary importance and justify a search for large-scale preparation methods. (Author).

Activation Growth and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size

Activation  Growth  and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size Book
Author : John R. Howell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Activation Growth and Detachment of Boiling Bubbles in Water from Artificial Nucleation Sites of Known Geometry and Size book written by John R. Howell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Weather Climate and Water

Handbook of Weather  Climate  and Water Book
Author : Thomas D. Potter,Bradley R. Colman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-08-11
ISBN : 0471214906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive, two-volume review of the atmospheric and hydrologic sciences promises to be the definitive reference for both professionals and laypersons for years to come. Volume I addresses atmospheric dynamics, physical meteorology, weather systems, and measurements, while Volume II contains information on the climate system, atmospheric chemistry, hydrology, and societal impacts.

Saline Water Conversion Report for

Saline Water Conversion Report for     Book
Author : United States. Office of Saline Water
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Saline Water Conversion Report for book written by United States. Office of Saline Water, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation Book
Author : Pao K. Wang
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 1107005566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New textbook on microphysics, thermodynamics and cloud-scale dynamics of clouds and precipitation, for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers and professionals.

Principles of Solidification

Principles of Solidification Book
Author : Bruce Chalmers
Publisher : Krieger Publishing Company
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Principles of Solidification book written by Bruce Chalmers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Saline Water Conversion Report for

Saline Water Conversion Report for Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Saline Water Conversion Report for book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamics Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds

Thermodynamics  Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds Book
Author : Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov,Judith A. Curry
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-08-25
ISBN : 1107016037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book advances understanding of cloud microphysics and provides a unified theoretical foundation for modeling cloud processes, for researchers and advanced students.

Aerosols

Aerosols Book
Author : V. Alexander STEFAN, Editor
Publisher : Stefan University Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 1889545260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Aerosols book written by V. Alexander STEFAN, Editor, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nucleation Theory

Nucleation Theory Book
Author : V.I. Kalikmanov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-11-28
ISBN : 9048136431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the most striking phenomena in condensed matter physics is the occurrence of abrupt transitions in the structure of a substance at certain temperatures or pressures. These are first order phase transitions, and examples such as the freezing of water are familiar in everyday life. The conditions at which the transformation takes place can sometimes vary. For example, the freezing point of water is not always 0°C, but the liquid can be supercooled considerably if it is pure enough and treated carefully. The reason for this phenomenon is nucleation. This monograph covers all major available routes of theoretical research of nucleation phenomena (phenomenological models, semi-phenomenological theories, density functional theories, microscopic and semi-microscopic approaches), with emphasis on the formation of liquid droplets from a metastable vapor. Also, it illustrates the application of these various approaches to experimentally relevant problems. In spite of the familiarity of the involved phenomena, it is still impossible to calculate nucleation accurately, as the properties and the kinetics of the daughter phase are insufficiently well known. Existing theories based upon classical nucleation theory have on the whole explained the trends in behavior correctly. However they often fail spectacularly to account for new data, in particular in the case of binary or, more generally, multi-component nucleation. The current challenge of this book is to go beyond such classical models and provide a more satisfactory theory by using density functional theory and microscopic computer simulations in order to describe the properties of small clusters. Also, semi-phenomenological models are proposed, which attempt to relate the properties of small clusters to known properties of the bulk phases. This monograph is an introduction as well as a compendium to researchers in soft condensed matter physics and chemical physics, graduate and post-graduate students in physics and chemistry starting on research in the area of nucleation, and to experimentalists wishing to gain a better understanding of the efforts being made to account for their data.

Advances in Solar Energy

Advances in Solar Energy Book
Author : D. Yogi Goswami
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1844073149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First Published in 2007. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Carbon in Earth s Interior

Carbon in Earth s Interior Book
Author : Craig E. Manning,Jung-Fu Lin,Wendy L. Mao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-03
ISBN : 1119508231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon in Earth's fluid envelopes - the atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere, plays a fundamental role in our planet's climate system and a central role in biology, the environment, and the economy of earth system. The source and original quantity of carbon in our planet is uncertain, as are the identities and relative importance of early chemical processes associated with planetary differentiation. Numerous lines of evidence point to the early and continuing exchange of substantial carbon between Earth's surface and its interior, including diamonds, carbon-rich mantle-derived magmas, carbonate rocks in subduction zones and springs carrying deeply sourced carbon-bearing gases. Thus, there is little doubt that a substantial amount of carbon resides in our planet's interior. Yet, while we know it must be present, carbon's forms, transformations and movements at conditions relevant to the interiors of Earth and other planets remain uncertain and untapped. Volume highlights include: - Reviews key, general topics, such as carbonate minerals, the deep carbon cycle, and carbon in magmas or fluids - Describes new results at the frontiers of the field with presenting results on carbon in minerals, melts, and fluids at extreme conditions of planetary interiors - Brings together emerging insights into carbon's forms, transformations and movements through study of the dynamics, structure, stability and reactivity of carbon-based natural materials - Reviews emerging new insights into the properties of allied substances that carry carbon, into the rates of chemical and physical transformations, and into the complex interactions between moving fluids, magmas, and rocks to the interiors of Earth and other planets - Spans the various chemical redox states of carbon, from reduced hydrocarbons to zero-valent diamond and graphite to oxidized CO2 and carbonates - Captures and synthesizes the exciting results of recent, focused efforts in an emerging scientific discipline - Reports advances over the last decade that have led to a major leap forward in our understanding of carbon science - Compiles the range of methods that can be tapped tap from the deep carbon community, which includes experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamic modelers and geodynamicists - Represents a reference point for future deep carbon science research Carbon in Planetary Interiors will be a valuable resource for researchers and students who study the Earth's interior. The topics of this volume are interdisciplinary, and therefore will be useful to professionals from a wide variety of fields in the Earth Sciences, such as mineral physics, petrology, geochemistry, experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamics, material science, chemistry, geophysics and geodynamics.

Discussions of the Faraday Society

Discussions of the Faraday Society Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1947
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Discussions of the Faraday Society book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Freezing of Supercooled Water

The Freezing of Supercooled Water Book
Author : Noah Ernest Dorsey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-03
ISBN : 9781258646011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Freezing of Supercooled Water book written by Noah Ernest Dorsey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation Book
Author : Eli Ruckenstein,Gersh Berim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-06-20
ISBN : 1138032174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore a Kinetic Approach to the Description of Nucleation – An Alternative to the Classical Nucleation Theory Kinetic Theory of Nucleation presents an alternative to the classical theory of nucleation in gases and liquids—the kinetic nucleation theory of Ruckenstein–Narsimhan–Nowakowski (RNNT). RNNT uses the kinetic theory of fluids to calculate the rate of evaporation of molecules from clusters, and unlike the classical nucleation theory (CNT), does not require macroscopic thermodynamics or the detailed balance principle. The book compares the rates of evaporation of molecules from—and condensation on—the surface of a nucleus of a new phase, and explains how this alternate approach can provide much higher nucleation rates than the CNT. It applies RNNT to various case studies that include the liquid-to-solid and vapor-to-liquid phase transitions, binary nucleation, heterogeneous nucleation, nucleation on soluble particles and protein folding. It also describes the system, introduces the basic equations of the kinetic theory, and defines a new model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding. Adaptable to coursework as well as self-study, this insightful book: Uses a kinetic approach to calculate the rate of growth and decay of a cluster Includes description of vapor-to-liquid and liquid-to-solid nucleation Outlines the application of density-functional theory (DFT) methods to nucleation Proposes the combination of the new kinetic theory of nucleation with the DFT methods Illustrates the new theory with numerical calculations Describes the model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding, and more A comprehensive guide dedicated to the kinetic theory of nucleation and cluster growth, Kinetic Theory of Nucleation emphasizes the basic concepts of the kinetic nucleation theory, incorporates findings developed from years of research and experience, and is written by highly-regarded experts.