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Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors

Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors Book
Author : Bal Raj Sehgal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123884462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This vital reference is the only one-stop resource on how to assess, prevent, and manage severe nuclear accidents in the light water reactors (LWRs) that pose the most risk to the public. LWRs are the predominant nuclear reactor in use around the world today, and they will continue to be the most frequently utilized in the near future. Therefore, accurate determination of the safety issues associated with such reactors is central to a consideration of the risks and benefits of nuclear power. This book emphasizes the prevention and management of severe accidents, in order to teach nuclear professionals how to mitigate potential risks to the public to the maximum extent possible. Engineers, researchers, students and the personnel of vendors, safety authorities and nuclear power generation organizations require the knowledge offered by this volume's globally renowned experts to ensure they obtain a core competency in nuclear safety. Organizes and presents all the latest thought on LWR nuclear safety in one consolidated volume, provided by the top experts in the field, ensuring high-quality, credible and easily accessible information Explains how developments in the field of LWR severe accidents have provided more accurate determinations of risk, thereby shedding new light on the debates surrounding nuclear power safety, particularly in light of the recent tragedy in Japan Concentrates on prevention and management of accidents, developing methodologies to estimate the consequences and associated risks

American National Standard

American National Standard Book
Author : American Nuclear Society. Working Group ANS-59.1
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-07-24
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This standard presents the requirements of the Nuclear Safety Related Cooling Water Systems (NSRCWS) for Light Water Reactors (LWRs). It establishes nuclear safety requirements in the areas of design, materials, fabrication, placement and testing of systems. This standard is applicable to open and closed NSRCW systems. 58.9-1981 (R2020) provides criteria for the designer which interpret the requirements of Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 50, "Licensing of Production and Utilization Facilities," Appendix A, "General Design Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants," with respect to design against single failures in safety-related Light Water Reactor (LWR) fluid systems. Means of treating both active and passive failures are addressed for safety-related fluid systems following various initiating events. Current acceptable practice is used as a basis for these criteria.

The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology

The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology Book
Author : Günter Kessler,Anke Veser,Franz-Hermann Schlüter,Wolfgang Raskob,Claudia Landman,Jürgen Päsler-Sauer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-22
ISBN : 3642551165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book analyses the risks of nuclear power stations. The security concept of reactors is explained. Measures against the spread of radioactivity after a severe accident, accidents of core melting and a possible crash of an air plane on reactor containment are discussed. The book covers three scientific subjects of the safety concepts of Light Water Reactors: – A first part describes the basic safety design concepts of operating German Pressurized Water Reactors and Boiling Water Reactors including accident management measures introduced after the reactor accidents of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. These safety concepts are also compared with the experiences of the Fukushima accidents. In addition, the safety design concepts of the future modern European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) and of the future modern Boiling Water Reactor SWR-1000 (KERENA) are presented. These are based on new safety research results of the past decades. – In a second, part the possible crash of military or heavy commercial air planes on reactor containment is analyzed. It is shown that reactor containments can be designed to resist to such an airplane crash. – In a third part, an online decision system is presented. It allows to analyze the distribution of radioactivity in the atmosphere and to the environment after a severe reactor accident. It provides data for decisions to be taken by authorities for the minimization of radiobiological effects to the population. This book appeals to readers who have an interest in save living conditions and some understanding for physics or engineering.

Radionuclide Source Terms from Severe Accidents to Nuclear Power Plants with Light Water Reactors

Radionuclide Source Terms from Severe Accidents to Nuclear Power Plants with Light Water Reactors Book
Author : International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group
Publisher : Bernan Press(PA)
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radionuclide Source Terms from Severe Accidents to Nuclear Power Plants with Light Water Reactors book written by International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors Volume I

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors   Volume I Book
Author : Yassin A. Hassan,Robin A. Chaplin
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2010-09-22
ISBN : 1848263112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Nuclear energy is a type of technology involving the controlled use of nuclear fission to release energy for work including propulsion, heat, and the generation of electricity. The theme on Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors discusses: Fundamentals of Nuclear Energy; Nuclear Physics; Nuclear Interactions; Nuclear Reactor Theory; Nuclear Reactor Design; Nuclear Reactor Kinetics; Reactivity Changes; Nuclear Power Plants; Pressurized Water Reactors; Boiling Water Reactors; Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors; Heavy Water Light Water Reactors; Advanced Gas Cooled Reactors; Light Water Graphite Reactors; High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors; Pebble Bed Modular Reactor; Radioactive Wastes, Origins, Classification and Management; Nuclear Reactor Overview and Reactor Cycles; The Nuclear Reactor Closed Cycle; Safety of Boiling Water Reactors; Supercritical Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: Review and Status; The Gas-Turbine Modular Helium Reactor; Application of Risk Assessment to Nuclear Power Plants; Production and Recycling Resources for Nuclear Fission. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers.

Proposed American National Standard Nuclear Safety Related Cooling Water Systems for Light Water Reactors

Proposed American National Standard Nuclear Safety Related Cooling Water Systems for Light Water Reactors Book
Author : American Nuclear Society,American National Standards Institute
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proposed American National Standard Nuclear Safety Related Cooling Water Systems for Light Water Reactors book written by American Nuclear Society,American National Standards Institute, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors

Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors Book
Author : K L Murty
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-18
ISBN : 0857097458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Light water reactors (LWRs) are the predominant class of nuclear power reactors in operation today; however, ageing and degradation can influence both their performance and lifetime. Knowledge of these factors is therefore critical to safe, continuous operation. Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors provides a comprehensive guide to prevalent deterioration mechanisms, and the approaches used to handle their effects. Part one introduces fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms. Beginning with an overview of ageing and degradation issues in LWRs, the book goes on to discuss corrosion in pressurized water reactors and creep deformation of materials in LWRs. Part two then considers materials’ ageing and degradation in specific LWR components. Applications of zirconium alloys in LWRs are discussed, along with the ageing of electric cables. Materials management strategies for LWRs are then the focus of part three. Materials management strategies for pressurized water reactors and VVER reactors are considered before the book concludes with a discussion of materials-related problems faced by LWR operators and corresponding research needs. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors is an authoritative review for anyone requiring an understanding of the performance and durability of this type of nuclear power plant, including plant operators and managers, nuclear metallurgists, governmental and regulatory safety bodies, and researchers, scientists and academics working in this area. Introduces the fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms associated with this class of nuclear power reactors Considers materials ageing and degradation in specific light water reactor components, including properties, performance and inspection Chapters also focus on material management strategies

Light Water Reactor Safety

Light Water Reactor Safety Book
Author : B. Pershagen,M. Bowen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483286746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the principles and practices of reactor safety as applied to the design, regulation and operation of light water reactors, combining a historical approach with an up-to-date account of the safety, technology and operating experience of both pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors. The introductory chapters set out the basic facts upon which the safety of light water reactors depend. The central section is devoted to the methods and results of safety analysis. The accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl are reviewed and their implications for light water reactor safety are discussed. The concluding chapters examine selected safety issues and their resolution, and highlight results of reactor safety research. The book is amply illustrated, with numerous cross references and a comprehensive index.

The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology

The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology Book
Author : Günter Kessler,Anke Veser,Franz-Hermann Schlüter,Wolfgang Raskob,Claudia Landman,Jürgen Päsler-Sauer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-08
ISBN : 9783642551178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The book analyses the risks of nuclear power stations. The security concept of reactors is explained. Measures against the spread of radioactivity after a severe accident, accidents of core melting and a possible crash of an air plane on reactor containment are discussed. The book covers three scientific subjects of the safety concepts of Light Water Reactors: – A first part describes the basic safety design concepts of operating German Pressurized Water Reactors and Boiling Water Reactors including accident management measures introduced after the reactor accidents of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. These safety concepts are also compared with the experiences of the Fukushima accidents. In addition, the safety design concepts of the future modern European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) and of the future modern Boiling Water Reactor SWR-1000 (KERENA) are presented. These are based on new safety research results of the past decades. – In a second, part the possible crash of military or heavy commercial air planes on reactor containment is analyzed. It is shown that reactor containments can be designed to resist to such an airplane crash. – In a third part, an online decision system is presented. It allows to analyze the distribution of radioactivity in the atmosphere and to the environment after a severe reactor accident. It provides data for decisions to be taken by authorities for the minimization of radiobiological effects to the population. This book appeals to readers who have an interest in save living conditions and some understanding for physics or engineering.

Safety Series

Safety Series Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Safety Series book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Radiation Protection at Light Water Reactors

Radiation Protection at Light Water Reactors Book
Author : Robert Prince
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-30
ISBN : 364228387X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is aimed at Health Physicists wishing to gain a better understanding of the principles and practices associated with a light water reactor (LWR) radiation protection program. The role of key program elements is presented in sufficient detail to assist practicing radiation protection professionals in improving and strengthening their current program. Details related to daily operation and discipline areas vital to maintaining an effective LWR radiation protection program are presented. Programmatic areas and functions important in preventing, responding to, and minimizing radiological incidents and the importance of performing effective incident evaluations and investigations are described. Elements that are integral in ensuring continuous program improvements are emphasized throughout the text.

Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies

Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies Book
Author : Takehiko Saito,Junichi Yamashita,Yuki Ishiwatari,Yoshiaki Oka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-12-21
ISBN : 9781441971012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies focuses on the design and analysis of advanced nuclear power reactors. This volume provides readers with thorough descriptions of the general characteristics of various advanced light water reactors currently being developed worldwide. Safety, design, development and maintenance of these reactors is the main focus, with key technologies like full MOX core design, next-generation digital I&C systems and seismic design and evaluation described at length. This book is ideal for researchers and engineers working in nuclear power that are interested in learning the fundamentals of advanced light water plants.

Proceedings

Proceedings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Reactor Safety

Nuclear Reactor Safety Book
Author : Professor (Emeritus) Vaidyanathan
Publisher : Yes Dee Publishing Pvt. Limited
Release : 2017-05
ISBN : 9789380381923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Reactor Safety is an introductory book on nuclear reactors and safety. The book begins with introduction to the applications of nuclear energy in power production, industry, medicine and food preservation, followed by the different types of reactors. Then it deals with the different safety principles, safety approaches and quality assurance and engineered safety of Nuclear reactors. Safety regulation and practices in the Indian NPPs have been detailed out for a good understanding. Finally it introduces the reader to the passive safety approaches being utilized and contemplated for new designs besides sharing some aspects of public acceptance of nuclear energy. Basic reactor physics and analysis of some exceptional events in nuclear reactors are given in the annexures. FROM THE EXPERTS... "Covers both in breadth and depth a range of key areas that are needed to understand the complex area of nuclear safety. Draws on experience and an appropriate range of reactor types and previous incidents." Dr Paul Norman, University of Birmingham, England "This book addresses a very important issue in Nuclear Engineering as Nuclear Safety is an important topic in all undergraduate and graduate courses in Nuclear Engineering." Prof. Dr Ugur Guven, UN CSSTEAP and Consultant "Academic professionals teaching this course and industry professionals engaged in design, production and testing of components for nuclear power plants can benefit from the book." L V Krishnan, Former Director, Health & Safety, Department of Atomic Energy, India "This book on Nuclear Reactor Safety should be an excellent reading material especially for the students or new entrepreneurs in the field." Dr V Jagannathan, Former Head, Light Water Reactors Physics Section, Reactor Physics Design, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Design basis Accident Analysis Methods For Light water Nuclear Power Plants

Design basis Accident Analysis Methods For Light water Nuclear Power Plants Book
Author : Robert Martin,Cesare Frepoli
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 9813275677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book captures the principles of safety evaluation as practiced in the regulated light-water reactor nuclear industry, as established and stabilized over the last 30 years. It is expected to serve both the current industry and those planning for the future. The work's coverage of the subject matter is the broadest to date, including not only the common topics of modeling and simulation, but also methods supporting the basis for the underlying assumptions, the extension to radiological safety, what to expect in a licensing review, historical perspectives and the implication for new designs.This text is an essential resource for practitioners and students, on the current best-practices in nuclear power plant safety and their basis. Contributors of this work are subject matter experts in their specialties, much of which was nurtured and inspired by Prof. Larry Hochreiter, a prominent nuclear safety pioneer.Related Link(s)

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors Book
Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Seiichi Koshizuka,Yuki Ishiwatari,Akifumi Yamaji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-01
ISBN : 1441960341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors provides an overview of the design and analysis of nuclear power reactors. Readers will gain the understanding of the conceptual design elements and specific analysis methods of supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors. Nuclear fuel, reactor core, plant control, plant stand-up and stability are among the topics discussed, in addition to safety system and safety analysis parameters. Providing the fundamentals of reactor design criteria and analysis, this volume is a useful reference to engineers, industry professionals, and graduate students involved with nuclear engineering and energy technology.

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors Volume II

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors   Volume II Book
Author : Yassin A. Hassan,Robin A. Chaplin
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2010-09-22
ISBN : 1848263120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Nuclear energy is a type of technology involving the controlled use of nuclear fission to release energy for work including propulsion, heat, and the generation of electricity. The theme on Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors discusses: Fundamentals of Nuclear Energy; Nuclear Physics; Nuclear Interactions; Nuclear Reactor Theory; Nuclear Reactor Design; Nuclear Reactor Kinetics; Reactivity Changes; Nuclear Power Plants; Pressurized Water Reactors; Boiling Water Reactors; Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors; Heavy Water Light Water Reactors; Advanced Gas Cooled Reactors; Light Water Graphite Reactors; High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors; Pebble Bed Modular Reactor; Radioactive Wastes, Origins, Classification and Management; Nuclear Reactor Overview and Reactor Cycles; The Nuclear Reactor Closed Cycle; Safety of Boiling Water Reactors; Supercritical Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: Review and Status; The Gas-Turbine Modular Helium Reactor; Application of Risk Assessment to Nuclear Power Plants; Production and Recycling Resources for Nuclear Fission. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers.

Light water Reactor Research and Development

Light water Reactor Research and Development Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Energy Research Advisory Board (ERAB) was requested to under take an examination of safety research and development (R and D) on light water reactors (LWRs) in order to advise the Department of Energy (DOE) on the adequacy of those efforts for making effective use of nuclear power. In carrying out this examination, DOE asked that ERAB: (1) review the adequacy of DOE's LWR safety R and D management plan prepared pursuant to Public Law 96-567, (2) examine the safety-related R and D conducted by the various government and nongovernment groups, and (3) identify R and D that could result in major design improvements to LWRs. To carry out this examination, ERAB appointed an expert panel. This report contains the results of ERAB's examination of the first two of the above subjects. The Board has yet to consider the subject of nonsafety-related long-term LWR R and D, as also requested by DOE. Furthermore, in keeping with the Department's guidance, this report does not include an examination of the R and D on related activities such as reprocessing, waste management, and the breeder.