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Nuclear Radioactive Materials In The Oil And Gas Industry

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Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Khalid Al Nabhani,Faisal Khan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-29
ISBN : 0128168269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Radioactive Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry comprehensively discusses the TENORMs generated from various types of oil and gas processes and their associated adverse human health effects, effective TENORM waste management strategies, and the quantitative risk analysis. The book thoroughly investigates current knowledge, addressing the three main gaps identified in available studies: 1) Exposure to radioactivity, 2) High volume waste as a source of radiation exposure, and 3) A lack of uniform, international safety regulations. This book offers researchers, scientists and graduate and undergraduate students a comprehensive and well-researched reference that covers fundamental concepts, problem identification and solutions development. It is an ideal, comprehensive guideline for professionals involved in the oil and gas and nuclear industries who are concerned about radiological issues. Demystifies NORM and TENORM concepts and redefines TENORM from technical and nuclear scientific perspectives Addresses statistically representative data of quantitative risk assessment and dynamic accident modeling Stresses the need for legislation and consistency of safety standards relating to radiological risks posed by TENORM on health and the environment

Radiation Protection and the Management of Radioactive Waste in the Oil and Gas Industry

Radiation Protection and the Management of Radioactive Waste in the Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Atomic Energy Agency has issued this series of reports on the practical methods that can be used to ensure safety and protection in peaceful activities involving radiation or radioactive materials. This series covers a wide range of topics in the realm of atomic energy. Subjects covered include: nuclear installations, nuclear fuel cycle activities, transport of radioactive material, radiation protection and safety for workers and the public, medical aspects, emergency preparedness, accident response and recovery, radioactive waste management, safety assessment, and environmental impact.

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology Book
Author : Khalid Al Nabhani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 0128232269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology: For Peace and Sustainable Development presents the latest technology and research on nuclear energy with a practical focus on a variety of applications. Author Dr. Khalid Al-Nabhani provides a thorough and well-rounded view of the status of nuclear power generation in order to promote its benefits towards a sustainable, clean and secure future. This book offers innovative theoretical, analytical, methodological and technological approaches, encourages a positive societal and political uptake. This book enhances awareness of peaceful nuclear applications across a broad spectrum of industries, including power generation, agriculture, and medicine. It presents successful examples and lessons learned across many countries that are working towards their sustainability goals in cooperation with the IAEA and AAEA, to benefit researchers, professionals and decision-makers implementing and developing their own nuclear strategies for the future. Presents theoretical and scientific knowledge which is supported with real examples and successful experiences Provides prevailing perceptions of nuclear safety and security concerns by presenting the most advanced safety and security systems Applies technologies to a variety of applications to guide the reader to make informed decisions to help meet sustainability goals

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book
Author : T.Rick Irvin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-19
ISBN : 1351429108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials - known in the industry as NORM -has become an important part of the regular training required for workers in oil and gas production, refinery and petrochemical manufacturing, and in certain types of mining. Proper handling of NORM-contaminated wastes and use of appropriate radiation detection and protective equipment are now understood to be important components of good worker safety programs. Until now, no practical, easy-to-read, book was available to supplement worker training courses on NORM management. Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials: Principles and Practices fills this void by providing, in a single publication, an ideal reference for industry managers, supervisors and line personnel. The book stresses the proper handling and management of NORM contaminated wastes and provides a firm understanding of the chemical properties of radioactive agents, their toxicological effects, and the appropriate containerization and disposal methods for these materials.

Some Aspects of Nuclear Radiation in the Petroleum Industry

Some Aspects of Nuclear Radiation in the Petroleum Industry Book
Author : James Gordon Carroll
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Some Aspects of Nuclear Radiation in the Petroleum Industry book written by James Gordon Carroll, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

An Overview of the Regulation of Low Dose Radiation in the Nuclear and Non nuclear Industries

An Overview of the Regulation of Low Dose Radiation in the Nuclear and Non nuclear Industries Book
Author : Shankar Menon,Lucien Teunckens,Luis Valencia
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now that increasing numbers of nuclear power stations are reaching the end of their commercially useful lives, the management of the large quantities of very low level radioactive material that arises during their decommissioning has become a major subject of discussion, with very significant economic implications. Much of this material can, in an environmentally advantageous manner, be recycled for reuse without radiological restrictions. Much larger quantities--2-3 orders of magnitude larger--of material, radiologically similar to the candidate material for recycling from the nuclear industry, arise in non-nuclear industries like coal, fertilizer, oil and gas, mining, etc. In such industries, naturally occurring radioactivity is artificially concentrated in products, by-products or waste to form TENORM (Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material). It is only in the last decade that the international community has become aware of the prevalence of TENORM, specially the activity levels and quantities arising in so many non-nuclear industries. The first reaction of international organizations seems to have been to propose different standards for the nuclear and non-nuclear industries, with very stringent release criteria for radioactive material from the regulated nuclear industry and up to thirty to a hundred times more liberal criteria for the release/exemption of TENORM from the as yet unregulated non-nuclear industries. There are significant strategic issues that need to be discussed and resolved. Some examples of these are: - Disposal aspects of long-lived nuclides, - The use of radioactive residues in building materials, - Commercial aspects of differing and discriminating criteria in competing power industries in a world of deregulated electric power production. Of even greater importance is the need for the discussion of certain basic issues, such as - The quantitative risk levels of exposure to ionizing radiation, - The need for in-depth studies on populations of the naturally high background dose level areas of the world, - The validity of the various calculation codes currently used to arrive at mass specific clearance levels for redundant material. The paper discusses these and other strategic issues regarding the management of redundant low radiation material from both the nuclear and non-nuclear industries, underlining the need for consistency in regulatory treatment.

NORM a Guide to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material

NORM  a Guide to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Book
Author : William Feathergail Wilson
Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text accommodates all levels of knowledge regarding naturally-occurring radioactive material. It explains what and where it is, its impact on the environment and ensuing regulations. Starting with the basics, this book covers everything from definitions to theories to concepts.

Deep Borehole Disposal of Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Deep Borehole Disposal of Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Book
Author : Janelle Ketner
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2014-01-08
ISBN : 9781629488202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The United States has focused its past efforts on disposing spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level waste (HLW) in a geologic repository. Recently, the U.S. Department of Energy has been investigating Deep Borehole Disposal (DBD) as an alternative for disposal of SNF and HLW because of a recommendation by the Blue Ribbon Commission (BRC). Borehole disposal has long been recognised as a means for isolating hazardous materials from the environment. It is widely and routinely used for the disposal of liquid hazardous waste, particularly within the petroleum industry. This book discusses the research, development, and demonstration roadmap for DBD; the reference design and operations for DBD of high-level radioactive waste; and DBD of high-level radioactive waste.

TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation

TENR   Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Book
Author : Anselmo Salles Paschoa,F. Steinhausler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-12-31
ISBN : 9780080914183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Anomalies in Proposed Regulations for the Release of Redundant Material from Nuclear and Non nuclear Industries

Anomalies in Proposed Regulations for the Release of Redundant Material from Nuclear and Non nuclear Industries Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now that increasing numbers of nuclear power stations are reaching the end of their commercially useful lives, the management of the large quantities of very low level radioactive material that arises during their decommissioning has become a major subject of discussion, with very significant economic implications. Much of this material can, in an environmentally advantageous manner, be recycled for reuse without radiological restrictions. Much larger quantities--2-3 orders of magnitude larger--of material, radiologically similar to the candidate material for recycling from the nuclear industry, arise in non-nuclear industries like coal, fertilizer, oil and gas, mining, etc. In such industries, naturally occurring radioactivity is artificially concentrated in products, by-products or waste to form TENORM (Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material). It is only in the last decade that the international community has become aware of the prevalence of T ENORM, specially the activity levels and quantities arising in so many nonnuclear industries. The first reaction of international organizations seems to have been to propose ''double'' standards for the nuclear and non-nuclear industries, with very stringent release criteria for radioactive material from the regulated nuclear industry and up to a hundred times more liberal criteria for the release/exemption of TENORM from the as yet unregulated non-nuclear industries. There are, however, many significant strategic issues that need to be discussed and resolved. An interesting development, for both the nuclear and non-nuclear industries, is the increased scientific scrutiny that the populations of naturally high background dose level areas of the world are being subject to. Preliminary biological studies have indicated that the inhabitants of such areas, exposed to many times the permitted occupational doses for nuclear workers, have not shown any differences in cancer mortality, life expectancy, chromosome aberrations or immune function, in comparison with those living in normal background areas. The paper discusses these and other strategic issues regarding the management of nuclear and non-nuclear radioactive material, underlining the need for consistency in regulatory treatment.

New at the Energy Library

New at the Energy Library Book
Author : Energy Library
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New at the Energy Library book written by Energy Library, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Science

Environmental Science Book
Author : Robert K. Kaufmann,Cutler J. Cleveland
Publisher : McGraw-Hill College
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unlike any other introductory environmental science text, Robert Kaufmann and Cutler Cleveland's "Environmental Science" takes a fresh approach to the subject by weaving themes of energy and materials, economic systems, and policy throughout the entire text. A story of real science is simply told through examples of cutting-edge content, real-world applications, and a distinctive conceptual illustration program..

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems Book
Author : Damien Féron,Bruno Kursten,Frank Druyts
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 1000150321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the different disposal concepts for high-level nuclear waste, corrosion of the metallic barriers and in particular the overpack/container is a major issue. It is imperative for performance assessment to predict the lifetime of these containers. In the lifetime prediction of metallic barriers for the disposal of high level nuclear waste (HLW) or of spent fuel, the presence of (reduced) sulphur species is an issue of growing importance, as the sulphur species are involved in localised corrosion phenomena. The international workshop on Sulphur-Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Waste Disposal Systems (SACNUC2008) aimed to provide an exchange of information on the influence of sulphur species on the corrosion of metallic barriers. This workshop was a co-organisation of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK*CEN, and the Belgian Agency for the Management of Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, ONDRAF/NIRAS, under the auspices of the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC event N 311). The proceedings are divided into five chapters: Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the disposal concepts of nuclear waste and the role of corrosion. Chapter 2 explains the mechanism of sulphur-induced corrosion processes. This chapter also contains information from outside the nuclear disposal field in which sulphur is known to act as a detrimental factor (e.g. oil and gas industry). Chapter 3 addresses the role of microbial processes in sulphur-assisted corrosion. Chapter 4 covers the modelling of sulphide-assisted corrosion. Chapter 5 is devoted to a panel discussion aiming to identify open issues in the investigation of sulphur-assisted corrosion phenomena and how to incorporate these in robust lifetime prediction of metallic barriers.

Natural Gas

Natural Gas Book
Author : Sreenath Gupta
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-10-31
ISBN : 9535108204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural gas has traditionally been used as a feedstock for the chemical industry, and as a fuel for process and space heating. Recent advances in exploration, drilling techniques and hydraulic fracturing have made it possible for natural gas to become available in abundance (as of 2012). As natural gas displaces traditional petroleum use in various sectors, a certain amount of disruption is likely. In such a changing landscape, this book tries to chronicle the state-of-the-art in various aspects of natural gas: exploration, drilling, gas processing, storage, distribution, end use and finally the impact on financial markets. Review articles as well as research papers contributed by leading authorities around the world comprise individual chapters of this book. Modeling approaches, as well as, recent advances in specific natural gas technologies are covered in detail.

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-25
ISBN : 0309062977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Environmental Crime and Corruption in Russia

Environmental Crime and Corruption in Russia Book
Author : Sally Stoecker,Ramziya Shakirova
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-10-08
ISBN : 1134583680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental devastation, a significant consequence of industrial activity in Soviet times, continues to be a major problem in Russia. Specific problems include radioactive pollutants from inadequately monitored nuclear plants, illegal logging and wildlife poaching which have grown into hugely profitable businesses for criminal gangs, and toxic waste from unsanctioned and poorly controlled metallurgical, petroleum and agricultural chemical industries. This book presents a wide ranging assessment of the environmental problems faced by Russia and of the crime and corruption which contribute to them. It also discusses the attitude of the Russian government which seems to view environmental protection as something for rich countries, something to be postponed until Russia is on the same economic footing as wealthier Scandinavian and western European countries. It concludes, gloomily, that the problems are getting worse and that little is being done to tackle them.

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Gas and Oil Industry

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Gas and Oil Industry Book
Author : Arthur Pieter Schmidt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Gas and Oil Industry book written by Arthur Pieter Schmidt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems Book
Author : Damien Féron,Bruno Kursten,Frank Druyts
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 1000107116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the different disposal concepts for high-level nuclear waste, corrosion of the metallic barriers and in particular the overpack/container is a major issue. It is imperative for performance assessment to predict the lifetime of these containers. In the lifetime prediction of metallic barriers for the disposal of high level nuclear waste (HLW) or of spent fuel, the presence of (reduced) sulphur species is an issue of growing importance, as the sulphur species are involved in localised corrosion phenomena. The international workshop on Sulphur-Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Waste Disposal Systems (SACNUC2008) aimed to provide an exchange of information on the influence of sulphur species on the corrosion of metallic barriers. This workshop was a co-organisation of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK*CEN, and the Belgian Agency for the Management of Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, ONDRAF/NIRAS, under the auspices of the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC event N 311). The proceedings are divided into five chapters: Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the disposal concepts of nuclear waste and the role of corrosion. Chapter 2 explains the mechanism of sulphur-induced corrosion processes. This chapter also contains information from outside the nuclear disposal field in which sulphur is known to act as a detrimental factor (e.g. oil and gas industry). Chapter 3 addresses the role of microbial processes in sulphur-assisted corrosion. Chapter 4 covers the modelling of sulphide-assisted corrosion. Chapter 5 is devoted to a panel discussion aiming to identify open issues in the investigation of sulphur-assisted corrosion phenomena and how to incorporate these in robust lifetime prediction of metallic barriers.

Landed Global

Landed Global Book
Author : Christopher Dillon
Publisher : Dillon Communications Ltd
Release : 2014-06-30
ISBN : 9881714761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landed Global gives you the key facts and insights you need to successfully buy property across international borders. Written in a clear, easy-to-understand style, Landed Global is great place to start if you are thinking of buying a house, a weekend retreat or an income property. In Landed Global you will find: - Examples and data from more than 110 countries and territories - Case studies about cross-border home purchases—ranging from US$50,000 to $10 million—in France, Ireland, Japan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and the United States - Resources to help you find your dream home, whether you’re looking for clean air, great food, investment potential or a new passport - Clear explanations of property rights and ownership structures - Information about resorts, retirement properties, student housing, off the plan purchases and alternatives to buying - Practical advice on how to avoid problems like asbestos, lead paint, radon and former methamphetamine labs - Tips for finding and working with real estate agents, developers, lawyers, home inspectors and other suppliers - Information about international banking, mortgages, insurance and taxes - Additional resources, where you can learn about everything from appraisal services to water quality - Extensive checklists for buyers