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Nuclear Corrosion Modelling

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Nuclear Corrosion Modeling

Nuclear Corrosion Modeling Book
Author : Roy Castelli
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-07-22
ISBN : 9781856179348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion in nuclear power plants cause reductions in efficiency and increases in deposit build-up on plant surfaces, making for expensive maintentance and potential radiological health hazards. This book guides studies to predict and minimize corrosion, thus making nuclear power safer and more cost effective. Too often, reliance on empirical models and on-site testing of existing plants makes study and prediction of corrosive effects in nuclear reactors into a pricey and lengthy process. Introducing the experimental procedures, set up, sample preparation and computer modeling suggested in this book will save precious time and resources in a field where the significant time and expense to get and keep plants on-line are two of the chief concerns preventing broader commerical viability. * The only book to focus exclusively on preventing nuclear corrosion * Uses computer modelling to tie together chemical engineering, civil engineering, corrosion science, and nuclear engineering into a cohesive solution to a vexing nucelar problem * Includes all fundamental equations, example data sets and experimental techniques

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Book
Author : Damien FERON
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-02-21
ISBN : 085709534X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches

Modelling Aqueous Corrosion

Modelling Aqueous Corrosion Book
Author : Kenneth R. Threthewey,Pierre R. Roberge
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401111766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All significant studies agree that aqueous corrosion continues to cost nations dearly in almost every area of technological endeavour. Over the past ten years, microcomputers have facilitated an explosion in the power of modelling as a technique in science and engineering. In corrosion they have enabled better understanding of polarization curves, they have transformed the scope of electrochemical impedance measurements and they have placed a large range of electrochemistry at the fingertips of the corrosion scientist. This book focuses on the models, rather than the computing, which have been made possible during the past decade. Aimed at all those with an interest in corrosion and its control, the book draws together the range of new modelling strands, suggests new avenues of approach and generates further momentum for improvements to corrosion management, whether by increased understanding of atomistic processes or by control of large plant.

Nuclear Corrosion

Nuclear Corrosion Book
Author : Stefan Ritter
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-14
ISBN : 0128237201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the “Green Book series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 (“Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry ). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-22
ISBN : 0081028660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials in a nuclear environment are exposed to extreme conditions of radiation, temperature and/or corrosion, and in many cases the combination of these makes the material behavior very different from conventional materials. This is evident for the four major technological challenges the nuclear technology domain is facing currently: (i) long-term operation of existing Generation II nuclear power plants, (ii) the design of the next generation reactors (Generation IV), (iii) the construction of the ITER fusion reactor in Cadarache (France), (iv) and the intermediate and final disposal of nuclear waste. In order to address these challenges, engineers and designers need to know the properties of a wide variety of materials under these conditions and to understand the underlying processes affecting changes in their behavior, in order to assess their performance and to determine the limits of operation. Comprehensive Nuclear Materials 2e provides broad ranging, validated summaries of all the major topics in the field of nuclear material research for fission as well as fusion reactor systems. Attention is given to the fundamental scientific aspects of nuclear materials: fuel and structural materials for fission reactors, waste materials, and materials for fusion reactors. The articles are written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource of information. Most of the chapters from the first Edition have been revised and updated and a significant number of new topics are covered in completely new material. During the ten years between the two editions, the challenge for applications of nuclear materials has been significantly impacted by world events, public awareness, and technological innovation. Materials play a key role as enablers of new technologies, and we trust that this new edition of Comprehensive Nuclear Materials has captured the key recent developments. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environments Comprehensive resource for up-to-date and authoritative information which is not always available elsewhere, even in journals Provides an in-depth treatment of materials modeling and simulation, with a specific focus on nuclear issues Serves as an excellent entry point for students and researchers new to the field

Corrosion of Advanced Ceramics

Corrosion of Advanced Ceramics Book
Author : K.G. Nickel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401111820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion behaviour is one of the most poorly understood characteristics of ceramics. A balanced mixture of scientists from material science, metallurgy, physics, chemistry and mineralogy sum up the state of the art of measurement and modelling and reveal future research directions. The book reviews the theory of corrosion of ceramics, including the diffusion of gases and the predictions of thermodynamics; it discusses critically the kinetic models and representation tools for layer growths and material destruction. Corrosion of nitrides, carbides and oxides by simple and complex gases (O2, H2O, SO2, halides) and melts (ionic and metallic) reveal current measurement and modelling methods, advanced experimental techniques, such as laser diagnostics, TV holography, Raman spectroscopy and NDE surface methods. Frontier areas (e.g. the modelling of porous materials corrosion and protection) are revealed. For scientists and engineers in materials science, dealing with ceramics and their application. A valuable source for research students, solid state physicists and physical chemists.

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems Book
Author : Damien Féron,Bruno Kursten,Frank Druyts
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 1000150321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the different disposal concepts for high-level nuclear waste, corrosion of the metallic barriers and in particular the overpack/container is a major issue. It is imperative for performance assessment to predict the lifetime of these containers. In the lifetime prediction of metallic barriers for the disposal of high level nuclear waste (HLW) or of spent fuel, the presence of (reduced) sulphur species is an issue of growing importance, as the sulphur species are involved in localised corrosion phenomena. The international workshop on Sulphur-Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Waste Disposal Systems (SACNUC2008) aimed to provide an exchange of information on the influence of sulphur species on the corrosion of metallic barriers. This workshop was a co-organisation of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK*CEN, and the Belgian Agency for the Management of Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, ONDRAF/NIRAS, under the auspices of the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC event N 311). The proceedings are divided into five chapters: Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the disposal concepts of nuclear waste and the role of corrosion. Chapter 2 explains the mechanism of sulphur-induced corrosion processes. This chapter also contains information from outside the nuclear disposal field in which sulphur is known to act as a detrimental factor (e.g. oil and gas industry). Chapter 3 addresses the role of microbial processes in sulphur-assisted corrosion. Chapter 4 covers the modelling of sulphide-assisted corrosion. Chapter 5 is devoted to a panel discussion aiming to identify open issues in the investigation of sulphur-assisted corrosion phenomena and how to incorporate these in robust lifetime prediction of metallic barriers.

Corrosion Induced by Low Energy Radionuclides

Corrosion Induced by Low Energy Radionuclides Book
Author : Gilbert Bellanger
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-18
ISBN : 0080530036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear power plants emit radiation and particles across a range of energies. This radiation can cause corrosion to occur in critically important parts of the plant, which can lead to efficiency and safety problems. Gamma rays and neutrons have the highest energies and can break the metal bonds in interior metallic structures causing damage quickly and in easily monitored ways. Consequently these types of radiation and the best alloys to use to mitigate their effects have been extensively researched and their findings applied. However, the same is not true of low energy radiation which effects metal structures in a different way but can still cause appreciable and expensive corrosion. Low energy radiation degrades the passive oxide layers that protect metals. Without this protective layer the metals are easily corroded. This book uses tritium and tritiated water as models to describe the effects of low energy radiation on the corrosion of metals in these environments. Comprehensive coverage of the fields of liquid and gas flow, heat exchange, gas diffusion in materials, and of materials resistance to corrosion is ensures the reader has a full understanding of how these processes effect corrosion in nuclear installations. Such an understanding is essential for the efficient and safe running of all modern plant that uses radioactive material and this book is a critical reference tool for anyone involved in the nuclear power industry or metals research. * Unique coverage of low energy radiation and its corrosive effects in nuclear installations * Provides coverage of basic scientific principles contributing to corrosion * An essential reference for the safe and efficient construction and operation of nuclear installations * Applications in power generation, fuel reprocessing, military and civilian applications. * The first book to present detailed analysis of nuclear corrosion by low energy nuclides * The most complete book available for those serious about understanding corrosion in all its aspects * Keeping you at pace with the new methods that are changing the concept of corrosion in the nuclear industry

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Pascal Yvon
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-27
ISBN : 0081009127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions Book
Author : Arthur D. Pelton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 0128016698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions provides readers with an understanding of thermodynamics and phase equilibria that is required to make full and efficient use of these tools. The book systematically discusses phase diagrams of all types, the thermodynamics behind them, their calculations from thermodynamic databases, and the structural models of solutions used in the development of these databases. Featuring examples from a wide range of systems including metals, salts, ceramics, refractories, and concentrated aqueous solutions, Phase Diagrams and Thermodynamic Modeling of Solutions is a vital resource for researchers and developers in materials science, metallurgy, combustion and energy, corrosion engineering, environmental engineering, geology, glass technology, nuclear engineering, and other fields of inorganic chemical and materials science and engineering. Additionally, experts involved in developing thermodynamic databases will find a comprehensive reference text of current solution models. Presents a rigorous and complete development of thermodynamics for readers who already have a basic understanding of chemical thermodynamics Provides an in-depth understanding of phase equilibria Includes information that can be used as a text for graduate courses on thermodynamics and phase diagrams, or on solution modeling Covers several types of phase diagrams (paraequilibrium, solidus projections, first-melting projections, Scheil diagrams, enthalpy diagrams), and more

Corrosion Modelling with Cellular Automata

Corrosion Modelling with Cellular Automata Book
Author : Damien Feron,Di Caprio Dung
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2023-09-01
ISBN : 9780443137860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the main difficulties today for the academic and industrial scientist and engineer when modelling corrosion is how to go from the discontinuous simulation of corrosion (atomistic and molecular dynamic scales) to continuous modelling made with finite element methods. Corrosion Modelling with Cellular Automata will aim to bridge that gap between the finer scales based on atomic physics and the larger scale based on physico-chemical properties of materials and their environments. The book describes the simulation and modelling of corrosion phenomena by cellular automata and underlines the collaborative and interdisciplinary relationships that underpin them. It explores the major achievements that have been performed to date. Basic knowledge on cellular automata and on corrosion phenomena are presented in the first two introductory chapters. The second part of the book which includes 3 chapters, is then dedicated to CA modelling of generalized and uniform corrosion in 2D and 3D under various conditions: aqueous environments and high temperature processes together with modelling the effects of corrosion inhibitors of generalized corrosion. The third and final part of the book presents examples on the use of cellular automata for modelling localized corrosion as well as recent developments on intergranular corrosion. There is also a review on the use of CA for modelling pitting corrosion. With an international author-base the reader will gain a holistic understanding of the use of cellular automata for corrosion modelling and simulation. CA developers, corrosion scientists and engineers will discover new areas of interest by using this book as well as new perspectives.

Mechanistic Modelling and Validation of Constant Load C ring Apex Stresses for Stress Corrosion Cracking Testing in Supercritical Water

Mechanistic Modelling and Validation of Constant Load C ring Apex Stresses for Stress Corrosion Cracking Testing in Supercritical Water Book
Author : Rogan Swift
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Canada is contributing significant research towards the Supercritical Water-cooled Reactor, one of the next-generation nuclear reactor designs, including characterization of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) resistance of candidate alloys in supercritical water at the operating conditions of 625 °C and 25 MPa. To quantify SCC resistance, a modified constant-load C-ring technique was developed through modeling and validated in both the finite-element software Abaqus and Monte-Carlo simulations. The proposed modification achieves the target C-ring apex stress with precision through thermal expansion and model-calculated initial deflection. From Monte-Carlo simulations, the apex stress is within 4.16 MPa of the target stress in 96.3% of experiments. Preliminary in-situ experimentation has found no SCC in 310 stainless steel samples after 500 hours at 600 °C and 25 MPa over a wide range of apex stress. The modified technique is stress-limited for some alloys with a yield-strength anomaly; suitable alloys include 316 SS, 310 SS and A800.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

ASM Handbook

ASM Handbook Book
Author : ASM International. Handbook Committee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 9780871707093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These volumes cover the properties, processing, and applications of metals and nonmetallic engineering materials. They are designed to provide the authoritative information and data necessary for the appropriate selection of materials to meet critical design and performance criteria.

Tribocorrosion of Passive Metals and Coatings

Tribocorrosion of Passive Metals and Coatings Book
Author : D Landolt,S Mischler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-12
ISBN : 0857093738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tribocorrosion causes the degradation or alteration of materials through the combined action of corrosion and wear. It limits the performance and life-time of installations, machines and devices with moving parts, and controls certain manufacturing processes such as chemical–mechanical polishing. The effects of tribocorrosion are most pronounced on passive metals which owe their corrosion resistance to a thin protecting oxide film. Most corrosion-resistant engineering alloys belong to this category. This book provides an introduction to the developing field of tribocorrosion and an overview of the latest research. Part one reviews basic notions of corrosion and tribology, before presenting the most recent results on the growth and structure of passive oxide films. Tribocorrosion mechanisms under fretting, sliding and erosion conditions, respectively, are then discussed. Part two focuses on methods for measuring and preventing tribocorrosion. It includes chapters on electrochemical techniques, the design of tribocorrosion test equipment, data evaluation and the optimisation of materials’ properties for tribocorrosion systems. Part three presents a selection of tribocorrosion problems in engineering and medicine. Three chapters address the tribocorrosion of medical implants including test methods and clinical implications. Other chapters examine tribocorrosion issues in nuclear power plants, marine environments, automotive cooling circuits, elevated-temperature metal working and chemical–mechanical polishing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings is an invaluable reference tool for engineers and researchers in industry and academia confronted with tribocorrosion problems. Comprehensively reviews current research on the tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings, with particular reference to the design of tribocorrosion test equipment, data evaluation and the optimisation of materials’ properties for tribocorrosion systems Chapters discuss tribocorrosion mechanisms under fretting, sliding and erosion conditions before focussing on methods for measuring and preventing tribocorrosion Includes a comprehensive selection of tribocorrosion problems in engineering and medicine, such as the tribocorrosion of medical implants, and tribocorrosion issues in nuclear power plants, marine environments, automotive cooling circuits and elevated-temperature metal working

Radioactive Waste Management

Radioactive Waste Management Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Radioactive Waste Management book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power Book
Author : Wael Ahmed
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-10-10
ISBN : 953510778X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The serious challenge facing the world today, in obtaining enough energy for growing population and in controlling the carbon emission caused by fossil fuel use, calls for nuclear energy as an alternative power source. This book presents research work and technical experience from several power plants and research institutions around the world from practical prospective. This book intends to provide useful information for scientists and those in technical fields in several areas in nuclear power plants including: nuclear systems protection, design and modelling of critical parameters in nuclear power plants, thermalhydraulic analysis, nuclear waste management and safety and reliability assessment.

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book
Author : P Dillmann,G Beranger,P Piccardo,H Matthiessen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1845693019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding long term corrosion processes is critical in many areas, including archaeology and conservation. This important book reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured and materials conserved. After an overview of the study and conservation of metal archaeological artefacts, a group of chapters reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze. Other chapters review the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. The book also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors. With its distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other waste. Reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze Considers instumental techniques such as electrochemistry for measuring corrosion