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Novel Materials For Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology

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Novel Materials for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology

Novel Materials for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology Book
Author : Bryan Morreale,Fan Shi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 0444632611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology offers expert insight and experience from recognized authorities in advanced material development in carbon mitigation technology and constitutes a comprehensive guide to the selection and design of a wide range of solvent/sorbent/catalyst used by scientists globally. It appeals to chemical scientists, material scientists and engineers, energy researchers, and environmental scientists from academia, industry, and government in their research directed toward greener, more efficient carbon mitigation processes. Emphasizes material development for carbon mitigation technologies rather than regulations Provides a fundamental understanding of the underpinning science as well as technological approaches to implement carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies Introduces the driving force behind novel materials, their performance and applications for carbon dioxide mitigation Contains figures, tables and an abundance of examples clearly explaining the development, characterization and evaluation of novel carbon mitigation materials Includes hundreds of citations drawing on the most recent published works on the subject Provides a wealth of real-world examples, illustrating how to bridge nano-scale materials to bulk carbon mitigation properties

Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture Conversion and Sequestration

Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture  Conversion  and Sequestration Book
Author : Lan Li,Winnie Wong-Ng,Kevin Huang,Lawrence P. Cook
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-14
ISBN : 1119231035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addresses materials, technology, and products that could help solve the global environmental crisis once commercialized This multidisciplinary book encompasses state-of-the-art research on the topics of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), and complements existing CCS technique publications with the newest research and reviews. It discusses key challenges involved in the CCS materials design, processing, and modeling and provides in-depth coverage of solvent-based carbon capture, sorbent-based carbon capture, membrane-based carbon capture, novel carbon capture methods, computational modeling, carbon capture materials including metal organic frameworks (MOF), electrochemical capture and conversion, membranes and solvents, and geological sequestration. Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion and Sequestration offers chapters on: Carbon Capture in Metal-Organic Frameworks; Metal Organic Frameworks Materials for Post-Combustion CO2 Capture; New Progress of Microporous Metal-Organic Frameworks in CO2 Capture and Separation; In Situ Diffraction Studies of Selected Metal-Organic Framework (MOF) Materials for Guest Capture Applications; Electrochemical CO2 Capture and Conversion; Electrochemical Valorization of Carbon Dioxide in Molten Salts; Microstructural and Structural Characterization of Materials for CO2 Storage using Multi-Scale X-Ray Scattering Methods; Contribution of Density Functional Theory to Microporous Materials for Carbon Capture; and Computational Modeling Study of MnO2 Octahedral Molecular Sieves for Carbon Dioxide Capture Applications. Addresses one of the most pressing concerns of society—that of environmental damage caused by the greenhouse gases emitted as we use fossil fuels Covers cutting-edge capture technology with a focus on materials and technology rather than regulation and cost Highlights the common and novel CCS materials that are of greatest interest to industrial researchers Provides insight into CCS materials design, processing characterization, and computer modeling Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion and Sequestration is ideal for materials scientists and engineers, energy scientists and engineers, inorganic chemists, environmental scientists, pollution control scientists, and carbon chemists.

Electrochemistry of Novel Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion

Electrochemistry of Novel Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion Book
Author : K. Zaghib
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2011-03
ISBN : 1566778859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Electrochemistry of Novel Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion¿, held during the 218th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Las Vegas, Nevada from October 10 to 15, 2010.

Carbon Capture and Storage

Carbon Capture and Storage Book
Author : Malti Goel,Baleshwar Kumar,S. Nirmal Charan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9788173199448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbon Capture and Storage book written by Malti Goel,Baleshwar Kumar,S. Nirmal Charan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage Book
Author : Yongseung Yun
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-03-08
ISBN : 9535130056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been considered as a practical way in sequestering the huge anthropogenic CO2 amount with a reasonable cost until a more pragmatic solution appears. The CCS can work as a bridge before fulfilling the no-CO2 era of the future by applying to large-scale CO2 emitting facilities. But CCS appears to lose some passion by the lack of progress in technical developments and in commercial success stories other than EOR. This is the time to go back to basics, starting from finding a solution in small steps. The CCS technology desperately needs far newer ideas and breakthroughs that can overcome earlier attempts through improving, modifying, and switching the known principles. This book tries to give some insight into developing an urgently needed technical breakthrough through the recent advances in CCS research, in addition to the available small steps like soil carbon sequestration. This book provides the fundamental and practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current technical status and to bring in new ideas to the conventional CCS technologies.

Smart Materials Integrated Design Engineering Approaches and Potential Applications

Smart Materials  Integrated Design  Engineering Approaches  and Potential Applications Book
Author : Anca Filimon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-18
ISBN : 1351167944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer-based smart materials have become attractive in recent years due to the fact that polymers are flexible and provide many advantages compared to inorganic smart materials: they are low cost, they are easy to process, and they exhibit good performance at nano- and microscale levels. This volume focuses on a different class of polymers that are used as smart materials in the areas of biotechnology, medicine, and engineering. The volume aims to answer these questions: How do we distinguish ‘smart materials’? and How do they work? The chapters lay the groundwork for assimilation and exploitation of this technological advancement. Four of the key aspects of the approach that the authors have developed throughout this book are highlighted, namely the multidisciplinary exchange of knowledge, exploration of the relationships between multiple scales and their different behaviors, understanding that material properties are dictated at the smallest scale, and, therefore, the recognition that macroscale behavior can be controlled by nanoscale design.

Carbon Capture and Storage

Carbon Capture and Storage Book
Author : Stephen A. Rackley
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-09-05
ISBN : 0128120428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Capture and Storage, Second Edition, provides a thorough, non-specialist introduction to technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels during power generation and other energy-intensive industrial processes, such as steelmaking. Extensively revised and updated, this second edition provides detailed coverage of key carbon dioxide capture methods along with an examination of the most promising techniques for carbon storage. The book opens with an introductory section that provides background regarding the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, an overview of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, and a primer in the fundamentals of power generation. The next chapters focus on key carbon capture technologies, including absorption, adsorption, and membrane-based systems, addressing their applications in both the power and non-power sectors. New for the second edition, a dedicated section on geological storage of carbon dioxide follows, with chapters addressing the relevant features, events, and processes (FEP) associated with this scenario. Non-geological storage methods such as ocean storage and storage in terrestrial ecosystems are the subject of the final group of chapters. A chapter on carbon dioxide transportation is also included. This extensively revised and expanded second edition will be a valuable resource for power plant engineers, chemical engineers, geological engineers, environmental engineers, and industrial engineers seeking a concise, yet authoritative one-volume overview of this field. Researchers, consultants, and policy makers entering this discipline also will benefit from this reference. Provides all-inclusive and authoritative coverage of the major technologies under consideration for carbon capture and storage Presents information in an approachable format, for those with a scientific or engineering background, as well as non-specialists Includes a new Part III dedicated to geological storage of carbon dioxide, covering this topic in much more depth (9 chapters compared to 1 in the first edition) Features revisions and updates to all chapters Includes new sections or expanded content on: chemical looping/calcium looping; life-cycle GHG assessment of CCS technologies; non-power industries (e.g. including pulp/paper alongside ones already covered); carbon negative technologies (e.g. BECCS); gas-fired power plants; biomass and waste co-firing; and hydrate-based capture

NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries Volume I and II

NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries  Volume I and II  Book
Author : Pradeep K. Singh,V.K. Singh,A.K. Singh,D. Kumbhakar,M.P. Roy
Publisher : Allied Publishers
Release : 2017-03-06
ISBN : 9385926403
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers in these two volumes were presented at the International Conference on “NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries” [NxGnMiFu-2017] in New Delhi from February 15-17, 2017, organized by CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad, India. The proceedings include the contributions from authors across the globe on the latest research on mining and fuel technologies. The major issues focused on are: Innovative Mining Technology, Rock Mechanics and Stability Analysis, Advances in Explosives and Blasting, Mine Safety and Risk Management, Computer Simulation and Mine Automation, Natural Resource Management for Sustainable Development, Environmental Impacts and Remediation, Paste Fill Technology and Waste Utilisation, Fly Ash Management, Clean Coal Initiatives, Mineral Processing and Coal Beneficiation, Quality Coal for Power Generation and Conventional and Non-conventional Fuels and Gases. This collection of contemporary articles contains unique knowledge, case studies, ideas and insights, a must-have for researchers and engineers working in the areas of mining technologies and fuel sciences.

Intensification of Biobased Processes

Intensification of Biobased Processes Book
Author : Andrzej Górak,Andrzej Stankiewicz
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2018-06-18
ISBN : 178801457X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years bioprocessing has increased in popularity and importance, however, bioprocessing still poses various important techno-economic and environmental challenges, such as product yields, excessive energy consumption for separations in highly watery systems, batch operation or the downstream processing bottlenecks in the production of biopharmaceutical products. Many of those challenges can be addressed by application of different process intensification technologies discussed in the present book. The first book dedicated entirely to this area, Intensification of Biobased Processes provides a comprehensive overview of modern process intensification technologies used in bioprocessing. The book focusses on four different categories of biobased products: bio-fuels and platform chemicals; cosmeceuticals; food products; and polymers and advanced materials. It will cover various intensification aspects of the processes concerned, including (bio)reactor intensification; intensification of separation, recovery and formulation operations; and process integration. This is an invaluable source of information for researchers and industrialists working in chemical engineering, biotechnology and process engineering.

Gas Transport in Glassy Polymers

Gas Transport in Glassy Polymers Book
Author : Maria Grazia De Angelis,Giulio C. Sarti
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-04-22
ISBN : 3036502122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue of Membranes focuses on several new aspects of fluid transport in glassy polymers, with application in relevant membrane separations such as gas purification, VOC removal and CO2 capture. In particular, the focus lies on novel experimental techniques, and detailed characterization of specific phenomena like polar and multicomponent interactions during transport. The properties of novel materials, such as mixed matrix membranes based on glassy polymers and different selective fillers, are also presented. A critical review of existing modeling approaches to describe the sorption and transport in glassy polymers suitable for membrane separations is provided, including both macroscopic and atomistic models, and relying both on the standard solution–diffusion process and on the facilitated transport mechanism.

Energy Technology 2021

Energy Technology 2021 Book
Author : Alafara Abdullahi Baba
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 3030652572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Technology 2021 book written by Alafara Abdullahi Baba, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ab Initio Study of Dynamically Tunable Catalysis for Carbon Dioxide Reduction

Ab Initio Study of Dynamically Tunable Catalysis for Carbon Dioxide Reduction Book
Author : Babatunde Alawode
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalytic conversion of CO2into useful chemicals is an attractive alternative to expensive physical carbon sequestration methods. However, this approach is challenging because current chemical conversion methods employ high temperatures or pressures, thereby increasing cost and potentially leading to net carbon positive processes. Our work presents a novel materials system for dynamic modification of catalytic behavior via polarization reversal in a ferroelectric substrate (i.e tunable catalysis) in order to reduce the energy required for these reactions. Dynamically Tunable Catalysis (catalysis enhanced by real-time changes in the surface chemistry of the catalyst) has been gaining ground recently as a way to go beyond the limits of Sabatier's principle. However, it is not clear whether the catalytic activities of proposed schemes are really better than simply finding a good material close to the top of the volcano in a static catalysis scheme. In this thesis, we study the tunable catalysis scheme of ZnO supported on a ferroelectric. We demonstrate that the physics and chemistry at the surface of the ZnO film can be tuned via the polarization direction of the PbTiO 3 substrate and the thickness of the ZnO. Using Density Functional Theory (DFT), we evaluate the effect of the number of layers and ZnO film orientation on the film's surface chemistry. By characterizing the adsorption and reduction of CO2 on the different surfaces, we show that a tunable catalysis scheme can significantly increase the rate of CO2 reduction by several orders of magnitude with less energy cost than simply increasing reaction temperatures and pressures. In addition, we develop a scheme to induce ferroelectricity in ZnO films. If proven in the lab, this will be the first scheme to induce ferroelectricity in ZnO without relying on the involvement of dipole-inducing dopants. In addition, we show that this scheme allows for consistent surface chemistry in tunable catalysis which is important for practical applications. Finally, for the first time, we develop an approach to screen for new tunable catalyst candidates that can potentially be applied to oxides. Our work opens new doors for the catalysis of CO2 reactions. This work provides a quantitative indication of the promise of tunable catalysts and also their limitations. It thus represents an important contribution to both interface physics and surface catalysis.

Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide

Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide Book
Author : Jinli Qiao,Jiujun Zhang,Yuyu Liu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-12-22
ISBN : 9780367870836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For Researchers, Students, Industrial Professionals, and Manufacturers Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide: Fundamentals and Technologies is your guide to improved catalytic performance in the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2). Written by electrochemical energy scientists actively involved in environmental research and development, this book addresses the biggest challenge to CO2 electrochemical reduction--low performance of the electrocatalysts--and outlines practical applications for the effective use of CO2. The authors discuss the development of electrochemical energy devices and consider environmental protection on a macroscopic and microscopic scale. Presenting a systematic overview of CO2 electroreduction, they explain the fundamental principles, describe recent advances, and outline applications for future use. In addition, the authors describe: The main metal electrodes used for CO2 electroreduction Current efficiencies for CO2 reduction products on different metal electrodes The electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to produce important chemicals Three categories of reaction conditions: heterogeneous catalysis, low-temperatures electrolysis, and high-temperature electrolysis Developments in CO2 hydrogenation reactions Various analysis methods Progresses in the theoretical electrochemical reduction of CO2 Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide: Fundamentals and Technologies covers a variety of topics relevant to the successful use of CO2 electrochemical reduction and utilizes expert contributors at the top of their field. The book functions as a resource for students and professionals involved in materials

Novel Approaches to Carbon Management

Novel Approaches to Carbon Management Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gases from Energy Systems
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-06-02
ISBN : 0309089379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gases from Energy Systems held a workshop at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, California, on February 12-14, 2003, to identify promising lines of research that could lead to currently unforeseen breakthroughs in the management of carbon from energy systems. The information identified by participants in the workshop will be used by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to award grants for new research in carbon management. During the workshop, invited participants from a variety of disciplines contributed their expertise and creativity to addressing the problem of carbon management. The ideas developed during the workshop were synthesized into this report by the committee, which oversaw the organization and execution of the workshop. However, this workshop summary does not contain any committee conclusions or recommendations, but simply reports on research areas that were identified as promising during the workshop discussions. The purpose of the workshop, as noted, was to identify novel approaches to the management of carbon from energy systems. The workshop is part of a project conducted by the NRC for DOE's Office of Fossil Energy (DOE/FE). DOE/FE will consider the workshop report as it develops a solicitation to be issued in spring 2003. The solicitation will call for research proposals on enabling science and technology research on novel approaches for the management of carbon from energy systems. Chapters 2 through 6 of this report summarize the most promising new ideas on carbon management identified by each of the four subgroups at the workshop. In the respective chapters, the ideas are described, their significance is explained, and research opportunities are listed. Each chapter includes a statement of the scientific and engineering challenges related to its topic. Chapter 6 includes crosscutting issues not specific to one of the four subgroups. The chapters themselves do not include detailed analysis regarding feasibility, energy and mass balance, and so forth, as the workshop's time and scope did not permit this; it is assumed such analyses will be carried out in the research proposals that DOE funds.

Combustion Synthesis Novel Routes to Novel Materials

Combustion Synthesis  Novel Routes to Novel Materials Book
Author : Maximilian Lackner
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2010-07-08
ISBN : 1608051552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combustion Synthesis covers a wide range of technologies to produce advanced materials, ranging from oxides, nitrides and intermetallics to various nanostructured compounds, such as nanopowders and carbon nano tubes (CNT). This Ebook, with contributions from leading experts in industry and academia, provides an up-to-date overview about combustion synthesis. a comparison to conventional methods as well as a description of analytical techniques is given, alongside the description of special techniques, such as microwave or electrical field assistance. Aspects such as historic development and scale-up make this book a concise, yet comprehensive review about combustion synthesis. This book should be useful for scientists, engineers and practitioners working in materials science and related fields.

The Chemistry of Nanostructured Materials

The Chemistry of Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Peidong Yang
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2011
ISBN : 981431305X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a sequel to the first volume of The Chemistry of Nanostructured Materials. It covers the most exciting developments in the nanostructured materials field for the past five to ten years, with a particular focus on their applications in energy conversion and energy storage. Prominent authors of recognized authority in the field contribute their expertise in the review chapters.

The Chemistry of Nanostructured Materials

The Chemistry of Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 9814464724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Chemistry of Nanostructured Materials book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Dioxide Reduction through Advanced Conversion and Utilization Technologies

Carbon Dioxide Reduction through Advanced Conversion and Utilization Technologies Book
Author : Yun Zheng,Bo Yu,Jianchen Wang,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 1351597310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Dioxide Reduction through Advanced Conversion and Utilization Technologies covers fundamentals, advanced conversion technologies, economic feasibility analysis, and future research directions in the field of CO2 conversion and utilization. This book emphasizes principles of various conversion technologies for CO2 reduction such as enzymatic conversion, mineralization, thermochemical, photochemical, and electrochemical processes. It addresses materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, challenges, and development strategies. Applications of conversion technologies for CO2 reduction to produce useful fuels and chemicals in energy and industrial systems are discussed as solutions to reduce greenhouse effects and energy shortages. Particularly, the advanced materials and technology of high temperature co-electrolysis of H2O and CO2 to produce sustainable fuels using solid oxide cells (SOCs) are reviewed and the introduction, fundamentals, and some significant topics regarding this CO2 conversion process are discussed. This book provides a comprehensive and clear picture of advanced technologies in CO2 conversion and utilization. Written in a clear and detailed manner, it is suitable for students as well as industry professionals, researchers, and academics.

Redox Kinetics Study for Chemical looping Combustion Water and CO2 Splitting Using Nickel and Cerium based Oxygen Carrier

Redox Kinetics Study for Chemical looping Combustion  Water and CO2 Splitting Using Nickel and Cerium based Oxygen Carrier Book
Author : Zhenlong Zhao
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical-looping (CL) is a novel and promising technology for several applications including oxy-combustion for carbon capture, hydrogen production and CO2 reuse. In this process, oxygen carriers are utilized to cyclically adsorb and release oxygen producing two separated exhaust streams with desirable products. A rotary reactor design with micro-channel structure was developed in the Reacting Gas Dynamics Lab (RGDL) at MIT, which exhibits superior performance over conversional designs. Preliminary simulation identified OC redox kinetics and material characteristics as keys to the success of CL technology. This thesis examines the fundamentals of the reduction and oxidation (redox) processes with the aim of achieving fast and reliable reaction kinetics for CL applications. Experiments are conducted in a button-cell fixed-bed reactor with an on-line mass spectrometer. The timeresolved kinetics are modeled with consideration of thermodynamics, surface chemistry, transport mechanism, and structural evolution. Our approach, combining well-controlled experiment and detailed kinetics modeling, enables a new methodology for identifying the rate-limiting mechanism, examining the defect electrochemistry, and designing alternative materials for chemical-looping technology. Redox study with nickel thin foils reveals that structural evolution is the determining factor. Nickel oxidation starts via nucleation of oxide grains, which overlap and annihilate the fast diffusion paths. The model shows that the reaction is limited by the decreasing ionic diffusivity. To achieve practical redox repeatability, NiO fine particles supported on YSZ nanopowder is tested, and superior kinetics and cyclic stability are observed. Fast oxygen exchange is achieved from 500 to 1000°C with sufficient utilization of the carrying capacity within 1 min. Improvement is attributed to the enhanced ionic diffusivity with YSZ. The use of ceria nanopowder exhibits an order of magnitude H2 production rate improvement as compared to the state-of-the-art. Ceria reduction is slow with a threshold temperature of 700°C. The model reveals that the charge transfer is the rate-determining step for H2 production. Improving H2 splitting requires: (i) reducing the defect formation enthalpy, and (ii) accelerating charge-transfer. The addition of Zr lowers the threshold temperature to 650°C with 60% improvement in the rates, resulting from 40% decrease in the defect formation enthalpy. Doping ceria with Pr 3+ further lowers the threshold temperature to 600°C while doubling the peak rate. The model reveals that the high concentration of surface defects achieved from either approach promotes adsorbate formation, thus accelerating the splitting steps. Similar conclusions are obtained for CO2 splitting. Using the derived kinetics, H2-syngas co-production with CH4 as fuel is examined. Two important stages are identified: the formation of the complete products on oxidized surface, and syngas on the reduced surface. CH4 reduction is found to be rate-limited by the slow fuel cracking reaction. To accelerate the kinetics, a novel perovskite-nickel composite OC is examined, in which nickel effectively catalyzes reduction, leading to an order of magnitude faster kinetics at 600-700°C. This project has clearly demonstrated that using novel materials, CL technology can provide an efficient solution to oxy-combustion based CO2 capture, and H2/syngas co-production. Specifically, the use of NiO/YSZ achieves fast kinetics, robust stability and sufficient OC utilization from 500 to 1000°C, enabling complete CO2 capture with minimum energy penalty. The ceria-, and perovskite-based OCs exhibit over an order-of-magnitude faster kinetics compared to the state-of-the-art, enabling improved H2 production/CO 2 reduction efficiency isothermally at 600-700°C. In-depth understanding gained on the redox fundamentals will shed light on the design and fabrication of new materials as well as optimization of the CL applications.

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation Book
Author : Peter Styring,Elsje Alessandra Quadrelli,Katy Armstrong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-13
ISBN : 0444627480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation: Closing the Carbon Cycle explores areas of application such as conversion to fuels, mineralization, conversion to polymers, and artificial photosynthesis as well as assesses the potential industrial suitability of the various processes. After an introduction to the thermodynamics, basic reactions, and physical chemistry of carbon dioxide, the book proceeds to examine current commercial and industrial processes, and the potential for carbon dioxide as a green and sustainable resource. While carbon dioxide is generally portrayed as a "bad" gas, a waste product, and a major contributor to global warming, a new branch of science is developing to convert this "bad" gas into useful products. This book explores the science behind converting CO2 into fuels for our cars and planes, and for use in plastics and foams for our homes and cars, pharmaceuticals, building materials, and many more useful products. Carbon dioxide utilization is a rapidly expanding area of research that holds a potential key to sustainable, petrochemical-free chemical production and energy integration. Accessible and balanced between chemistry, engineering, and industrial applications Informed by blue-sky thinking and realistic possibilities for future technology and applications Encompasses supply chain sustainability and economics, processes, and energy integration