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Novel Carbon Adsorbents

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Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents Book
Author : Juan M.D. Tascón
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-11-23
ISBN : 0080977456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers

Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents Book
Author : J.M.D. Tascón
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-09-25
ISBN : 0080977448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers

Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification Book
Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-27
ISBN : 0128219602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Adsorption by Carbons

Adsorption by Carbons Book
Author : Eduardo J. Bottani,Juan M.D. Tascón
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-10
ISBN : 9780080559421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption by Carbons covers the most significant aspects of adsorption by carbons, attempting to fill the existing gap between the fields of adsorption and carbonaceous materials. Both basic and applied aspects are presented. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to some novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. The first book to address the interplay between carbonaceous materials and adsorption Includes important environmental applications, such as the removal of volatile organic compounds from polluted atmospheres Covers both gas-solid and liquid-solid adsorption

Composite Nanoadsorbents

Composite Nanoadsorbents Book
Author : George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitrpoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 0128141336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composite Nanoadsorbents discusses the most recent advances in the field, including promising techniques for waste water decontamination and the advantages and drawbacks of nanoadsorbents in these applications. The implications of nanoadsorbents to public health and future developments for facilitating environmental sustainability are also discussed. New approaches for nanomaterials are analyzed, focusing on the effect of nanotechnology in adsorption applications. The effectiveness of nanosized materials is evaluated, along with cost factors and new synthesis routes of composite nanomaterials. Combining the areas of nanotechnology, adsorption, and composite surface chemistry, the synthesis, modifications and applications of nanotechnology in the adsorption process are demonstrated. Edited by a prolific expert in the field, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, adsorption and materials synthesis. Bridges the gap between theory and application of composite nanoadsorbents Provides an understanding of the benefits of nanoadsorbents and their cost, efficiency and novelty Includes material on inorganic nanoadsorbents and carbon nanotubes

Adsorbents

Adsorbents Book
Author : Ralph T. Yang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-08-01
ISBN : 0471462411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption promises to play an integral role in several futureenergy and environmental technologies, including hydrogen storage,CO removal for fuel cell technology, desulfurization oftransportation fuels, and technologies for meeting higher standardson air and water pollutants. Ralph Yang's Adsorbents provides asingle and comprehensive source of knowledge for all commercial andnew sorbent materials, presenting the fundamental principles fortheir syntheses, their adsorption properties, and their present andpotential applications for separation and purification. Chaptertopics in this authoritative, forward-looking volume include: - Formulas for calculating the basic forces or potentials foradsorption - Calculation of pore-size distribution from a single adsorptionisotherm - Rules for sorbent selection - Fundamental principles for syntheses/preparation, adsorptionproperties, and applications of commercially availablesorbents - Mesoporous molecular sieves and zeolites -¸-complexation sorbents and their applications - Carbon nanotubes, pillared clays, and polymeric resins Yang covers the explosion in the development of new nanoporousmaterials thoroughly, as the adsorption properties of some of thesematerials have remained largely unexplored. The whole of this bookbenefits from the new adsorbent designs made possible by theincrease in desktop computing and molecular simulation, makingAdsorbents useful to both practicing laboratories and graduateprograms. Ralph Yang's comprehensive study contributessignificantly to the resolution of separation and purificationproblems by adsorption technologies.

Post combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials

Post combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials Book
Author : Qiang Wang
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2018-10-22
ISBN : 1788015452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic solid adsorbents/sorbents are attractive materials for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gases after fossil fuel combustion. Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials introduces the key inorganic materials used as adsorbents/sorbents with specific emphasis on their design, synthesis, characterization, performance, and mechanism. Dedicated chapters cover carbon-based adsorbents, zeolite- and silica-based adsorbents, metal–organic framework (MOF)-based adsorbents, and alkali-metal-carbonate-based adsorbents. The final chapter discusses the practical application aspects of these adsorbents used in carbon dioxide capture from flue gases. Edited and written by world-renowned scientists in each class of the specific material, this book will provide a comprehensive introduction for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers from both academic and industrial fields wishing to learn about the topic.

Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids

Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids Book
Author : Jean Rouquerol,Françoise Rouquerol,Philip Llewellyn,Guillaume Maurin,Kenneth S.W. Sing
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-09-06
ISBN : 0080970362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The declared objective of this book is to provide an introductory review of the various theoretical and practical aspects of adsorption by powders and porous solids with particular reference to materials of technological importance. The primary aim is to meet the needs of students and non-specialists who are new to surface science or who wish to use the advanced techniques now available for the determination of surface area, pore size and surface characterization. In addition, a critical account is given of recent work on the adsorptive properties of activated carbons, oxides, clays and zeolites. Provides a comprehensive treatment of adsorption at both the gas/solid interface and the liquid/solid interface Includes chapters dealing with experimental methodology and the interpretation of adsorption data obtained with porous oxides, carbons and zeolites Techniques capture the importance of heterogeneous catalysis, chemical engineering and the production of pigments, cements, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals

Advanced Water Treatment

Advanced Water Treatment Book
Author : Mika Sillanpaa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 0128192283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Water Treatment: Electrochemical Methods reviews the current state-of-the-art in the electrochemical-based methods for water treatment, the effectiveness of the electrochemical oxidation technique in inactivating different primary biofilm forming paper mill bacteria, as well as sulfide and organic material in pulp and paper mill wastewater in laboratory-scale batch experiments. Various electrodes are described, including boron-doped diamond, mixed metal oxide, PbO2, and their impacts on inactivation efficiency of parameters, such as current density and initial pH or chloride concentration of synthetic paper machine water. The mechanisms of action of various electrodes in different systems are reported. The book is a source of information for environmental and chemical engineers due to the number of methods and industry-focused application cases and researchers who study the transition from a laboratory environment to practical applications. Includes the most recent research on advanced water treatment by electrochemical methods Describes the use of electrochemical cleaning of paper mill wastewaters Includes techniques for cleaning mining waters and removal of organic pollutants by electrochemical methods

Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook Two Volume Set

Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-05-30
ISBN : 1482282771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume sourcebook is the most comprehensive reference for carbon nanomaterials, bringing together the physics, chemistry, materials science, molecular biology and engineering of all carbon nanomaterial types that are important in electronics, energy, biomedical and environmental applications. Each chapter addresses the fundamental properties, growth mechanisms, processing and functionalization of a particular nanocarbon. The first volume covers graphene, fullerenes, nanotubes and nanodiamonds. The second volume focuses on nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanofibers, nanoporous structures and nanocomposites.

Engineering Technologies for Renewable and Recyclable Materials

Engineering Technologies for Renewable and Recyclable Materials Book
Author : Jithin Joy,Maciej Jaroszewski,Praveen K.M.,Sabu Thomas,Reza Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1351377515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new resource focuses on many recent advances in recycling and reuse of materials, outlining basic tools and novel approaches. It covers such important issues as e-waste recycling, bio-mass recycling, vermitechnology, recovery of metals, polymer recycling, environmental remediation, waste management, recycling of nanostructured materials, and more. Also included is coverage of new research in the use of laser spectroscopy, pyrolysis, and recycled biomaterials for biomedical applications.

Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook

Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1315362449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook contains extensive, interdisciplinary coverage of carbon nanomaterials, encompassing the full scope of the field—from physics, chemistry, and materials science to molecular biology, engineering, and medicine—in two comprehensive volumes. Written in a tutorial style, this second volume of the sourcebook: Focuses on nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanofibers, nanoporous structures, and nanocomposites Describes the fundamental properties, growth mechanisms, and processing of each nanomaterial discussed Explores functionalization for electronic, energy, biomedical, and environmental applications Showcases materials with exceptional properties, synthesis methods, large-scale production techniques, and application prospects Provides the tools necessary for understanding current and future technology developments, including important equations, tables, and graphs Each chapter is dedicated to a different type of carbon nanomaterial and addresses three main areas: formation, properties, and applications. This setup allows for quick and easy search, making the Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook: Nanoparticles, Nanocapsules, Nanofibers, Nanoporous Structures, and Nanocomposites a must-have reference for scientists and engineers.

Aquananotechnology

Aquananotechnology Book
Author : David E. Reisner,T. Pradeep
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-09-24
ISBN : 1466512253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world's fresh water supplies are dwindling rapidly-even wastewater is now considered an asset. By 2025, most of the world's population will be facing serious water stresses and shortages. Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects breaks new ground with its informative and innovative introduction of the application of nanotechnology to the remediatio

Aquananotechnology

Aquananotechnology Book
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Muhammad Zahid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0128211423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquananotechnology: Applications of Nanomaterials for Water Purification focuses on the impacts of, and opportunities for, the application of nanotechnology to enhance water quality and the societal concerns surrounding the widespread use of nanotechnology in the water arena. Sections cover the use of nano-sensors for the detection of water pollutants, the control of waterborne pathogens, and the use of nano-biochar coal fly composites for phytoremdtions wastewater pollutants. In addition, the book explores the uses of nanoadsorbents for heavy metals, dyes, Arsenic, pesticides, and water/wastewater remediation and decontamination of water from xenobiotics, bionanocomposites, metal oxides, silver, zinc nanoparticles, and carbon-based nanomaterials for wastewater treatment. In addition, the book covers the use of zerovalent iron nanomaterials and nanostructured mesoporous silica for water purification, along with nano-hydrogels to increase water efficiency and conservation. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts and risks of aquananotechnology in ecosystems are discussed. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological applications of nanomaterials in aquatic environments, offering a cogent analysis of both major applications and challenges. Shows how a range of nanomaterial types are being used for ecological applications in aquatic environments Explores the effects different types of nanomaterials have on a variety of ecosystems Assesses the major challenges of using nanotechnology to improve water quality on a mass scale

Nanoporous Materials for Molecule Separation and Conversion

Nanoporous Materials for Molecule Separation and Conversion Book
Author : Jian Lu,Frank Ding
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-04
ISBN : 0128184884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoporous Materials for Molecule Separation and Conversion cover the topic with sections on nanoporous material synthesis and characterization, nanoporous materials for molecule separation, and nanoporous materials for energy storage and renewable energy. Typical nanoporous materials including carbon, zeolite, silica and metal-organic frameworks and their applications in molecule separation and energy related applications are covered. In addition, the fundamentals of molecule adsorption and molecule transport in nanoporous materials are also included, providing readers with a stronger understanding of the principles and topics covered. This is an important reference for anyone exploring nanoporous materials, including researchers and postgraduate students in materials science and chemical engineering. In addition, it is ideal for industry professionals working on a wide range of applications for nanoporous materials. Outlines the fundamental principles of nanoporous materials design Explores the application of nanoporous materials in important areas such as molecule separation and energy storage Gives real-life examples of how nanoporous materials are used in a variety of industry sector

Rational Design of Next generation Nanomaterials and Nanodevices for Water Applications

Rational Design of Next generation Nanomaterials and Nanodevices for Water Applications Book
Author : Peng Wang
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2016-08-15
ISBN : 1780406851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the fact that nanotechnology has been present for a few decades, there is a big gap between how nanotechnology is perceived and what nanotechnology can truly offer in all sectors of water. The question to be answered is 'what more can we expect from nanotechnology' in the water field? The rational nano-design starts with well-defined problem definitions, necessitates interdisciplinary approaches, involves 'think-outside-the-box', and represents the future growth point of environmental nanotechnology. However, it is still largely new to the educated public and even scientists and engineers in water fields. Therefore, it is the purpose of this book to promote the concept of rational nano-design and to demonstrate its creativity, innovation, and excitement. This book presents a series of carefully selected rationally designed nano- materials/devices/surfaces, which represent drastically different, ground-breaking, and eye-opening approaches to conventional problems to embody the concept of nano-design and to illustrate its remarkable potential to change the face of the research in water industry in the future. Each of the book contributors is world-renowned expert in the burgeoning field of rational nano-design for applications. Rational Design of Next-generation Nanomaterials and Nanodevices for Water Applications is intended for undergraduates, graduates, scientists and professionals in the fields of environmental science, material science, chemistry, and chemistry engineering. It provides coherent and good material for teaching, research, and professional reference. Contents: Introduction to rational nano-design for water applications; Rational design of smart materials/surfaces with switchable oil wettability for sustainable oil-spill cleanup; Rational design of three-dimensional macroscale porous electrodes for bioelectrochemical systems; Design of (photo)electrochemical active membranes as next-generation filtration devices; Hierarchical materials as a design concept for multifunctional membranes; Rational design of functional nanoporous materials to confine water pollutant in controlled nano-space; A next-generation forward osmosis draw solution design; Rational design of magnetic permanently-confined micelle arrays (Mag-PCMAs) materials for sustainable water and soil remediation; Rational design of an all-in-one lab-on-chip device for direct seawater desalination; Design of micro-sized microbial fuel cells as miniature energy harvesters Author: Peng Wang, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation

Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation Book
Author : Srabanti Ghosh,Aziz Habibi-Yangjeh,Swati Sharma,Ashok Kumar Nadda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-29
ISBN : 1000485331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering a comprehensive view of water-treatment technologies, Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation explores recent developments in the use of advanced nanomaterials (ANMs) for water treatment and remediation. In-depth reaction mechanisms in water-treatment technologies, including adsorption, catalysis, and membrane filtration for water purification using ANMs, are discussed in detail. The book includes an investigation of the fabrication processes of nanostructured materials and the fundamental aspects of surfaces at the nanoscale. The book also covers the removal of water-borne pathogens and microbes through a photochemical approach. FEATURES Explains various chemical treatments for the removal and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, pharmaceuticals, and heavy metals from aqueous solutions, including adsorption, advanced oxidation process, and photocatalysis Discusses the rational design of nanoporous materials with a tunable pore structure and fabrication of nanomaterials by surface chemistry engineering Covers the role of nanomaterials-assisted oxidation and reduction processes, design of nano-assisted membrane-based separation, and multifunctional nanomaterials and nanodevices for water treatment Provides an understanding of the structure–activity relationship and stability of ANMs under critical experimental conditions Identifies potential challenges in the application of multifunctional ANMs for future research Nanomaterials for Water Treatment and Remediation is aimed at researchers and industry professionals in chemical, materials, and environmental engineering as well as related fields interested in the application of advanced materials to water treatment and remediation.

Nanoporous Materials for Gas Storage

Nanoporous Materials for Gas Storage Book
Author : Katsumi Kaneko,Francisco Rodríguez-Reinoso
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-27
ISBN : 9811335044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows the promising future and essential issues on the storage of the supercritical gases, including hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide, by adsorption with controlling the gas-solid interaction by use of designed nanoporous materials. It explains the reason why the storage of these gases with adsorption is difficult from the fundamentals in terms of gas-solid interaction. It consists of 14 chapters which describe fundamentals, application, key nanoporous materials (nanoporous carbon, metal organic frame works, zeolites) and their storage performance for hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide. Thus, this book appeals to a wide readership of the academic and industrial researchers and it can also be used in the classroom for graduate students focusing on clean energy technology, green chemistry, energy conversion and storage, chemical engineering, nanomaterials science and technology, surface and interface science, adsorption science and technology, carbon science and technology, metal organic framework science, zeolite science, nanoporous materials science, nanotechnology, environmental protection, and gas sensors.

Interfacial Applications in Environmental Engineering

Interfacial Applications in Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Mark A. Keane
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-11-13
ISBN : 082474571X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describing novel methods and catalytic strategies to conserve and maintain air, water, and soil quality, researchers from a range of disciplines discuss the role of interface science in environmental remediation. They detail approaches to separate, reuse, recover, and treat potentially valuable materials using techniques in ion exchange and adsorption; develop and design new catalysts to enhance production, energy, and cost efficiency; and evaluate and improve existing treatment strategies for recycling of plastics and wastes. The 17 studies were developed from presentations at the symposium Application of Interface Science to Environmental Pollution Control (Chicago, August 2001).

Activated Carbon

Activated Carbon Book
Author : Harry Marsh,Francisco Rodríguez Reinoso
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-07-12
ISBN : 9780080455969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent years have seen an expansion in speciality uses of activated carbons including medicine, filtration, and the purification of liquids and gaseous media. Much of current research and information surrounding the nature and use of activated carbon is scattered throughout various literature, which has created the need for an up-to-date comprehensive and integrated review reference. In this book, special attention is paid to porosities in all forms of carbon, and to the modern-day materials which use activated carbons - including fibres, clothes, felts and monoliths. In addition, the use of activated carbon in its granular and powder forms to facilitate usage in liquid and gaseous media is explored. Activated Carbon will make essential reading for Material Scientists, Chemists and Engineers in academia and industry. Characterization of porosity The surface chemistry of the carbons Methods of activation and mechanisms of adsorptio Computer modelling of structure and porosity within carbons Modern instrumental analytical methods