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Nontraditional Activation Methods In Green And Sustainable Applications

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Nontraditional Activation Methods in Green and Sustainable Applications

Nontraditional Activation Methods in Green and Sustainable Applications Book
Author : Bela Torok,Christian Schaefer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-28
ISBN : 0128190159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nontraditional Activation Methods in Green and Sustainable Applications: Microwaves; Ultrasounds; Photo-, Electro- and Mechan-ochemistry and High Hydrostatic Pressure provides a broad overview of non-traditional activation methods to help readers identify and use appropriate approaches in reducing the environmental impact of their work. Sections discuss the fundamental principles of each method and provide examples of their practical use, illustrating their usefulness. Given the importance of expanding laboratory based technologies to the industrial level, chapters that cover both existing and potential industrial and environmental applications are also included. Highlighting the usefulness and adaptability of these methods for a range of practical applications, this book is a practical guide for both those involved with the design and application of synthetic methodologies and those interested in the implementation and impact of green chemistry principles in practice, from synthetic and medicinal chemists, to food developers and environmental policy planners. Discusses, and critically assesses, the advantages of non-traditional activation methods in green and sustainable chemistry applications Features individual chapters written by renowned experts in the field Contains extensive, state-of-the-art reference sections, providing critically filtered information to readers

Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis

Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis Book
Author : Bela Torok,Christian Schaefer,Anne Kokel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 9780128178256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous Catalysis in Sustainable Synthesis is a practical guide to the use of solid catalysts in synthetic chemistry that focuses on environmentally benign applications. Collating essential information on solid catalysts into a single volume, it reveals how the efficient use of heterogeneous catalysts in synthetic chemistry can support sustainable applications. Beginning with a review of the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalytic synthesis, the book then explores the basic concepts of heterogeneous catalytic reactions from adsorption to catalyst poisons, the use of non-traditional activation methods, recommended solvents, the major types of both metal and non-metal solid catalysts, and applications of these catalysts in sustainable synthesis. Based on the extensive experience of its expert author, this book aims to encourage and support synthetic chemists in using solid catalysts in their own work, while also highlighting the important link between heterogeneous catalysis and sustainability to all those interested. Combines foundational knowledge with a focus on practical applications Organizes information by reaction type, allowing readers to easily find examples of how to carry out specific reaction types with solid catalysts Highlights emerging areas such as nanoparticle catalysis and metal-organic framework (MOF) based catalysts

Green Chemistry

Green Chemistry Book
Author : Bela Torok,Timothy Dransfield
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-07
ISBN : 0128095490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Chemistry: An Inclusive Approach provides a broad overview of green chemistry for researchers from either an environmental science or chemistry background, starting at a more elementary level, incorporating more advanced concepts, and including more chemistry as the book progresses. Every chapter includes recent, state-of-the-art references, in particular, review articles, to introduce researchers to this field of interest and provide them with information that can be easily built upon. By bringing together experts in multiple subdisciplines of green chemistry, the editors have curated a single central resource for an introduction to the discipline as a whole. Topics include a broad array of research fields, including the chemistry of Earth’s atmosphere, water and soil, the synthesis of fine chemicals, and sections on pharmaceuticals, plastics, energy related issues (energy storage, fuel cells, solar, and wind energy conversion etc., greenhouse gases and their handling, chemical toxicology issues of everyday products (from perfumes to detergents or clothing), and environmental policy issues. Introduces the topic of green chemistry with an overview of key concepts Expands upon presented concepts with the latest research and applications, providing both the breadth and depth researchers need Includes a broad range of application based problems to make the content accessible for professional researchers and undergraduate and graduate students Authored by experts in a broad range of fields, providing insider information on the aspects or challenges of a given field that are most important and urgent

Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound

Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound Book
Author : Dong Chen,Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-07-26
ISBN : 143984206X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrasonic irradiation and the associated sonochemical and sonophysical effects are complementary techniques for driving more efficient chemical reactions and yields. Sonochemistry—the chemical effects and applications of ultrasonic waves—and sustainable (green) chemistry both aim to use less hazardous chemicals and solvents, reduce energy consumption, and increase product selectivity. A comprehensive collection of knowledge, Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound covers the most relevant aspects linked to and linking green chemistry practices to environmental sustainability through the uses and applications of ultrasound-mediated and ultrasound-assisted biological, biochemical, chemical, and physical processes. Chapters are presented in the areas of: Medical applications Drug and gene delivery Nanotechnology Food technology Synthetic applications and organic chemistry Anaerobic digestion Environmental contaminants degradation Polymer chemistry Industrial syntheses and processes Reactor design Electrochemical systems Combined ultrasound−microwave technologies While the concepts of sonochemistry have been known for more than 80 years, in-depth understanding of this phenomenon continues to evolve. Through a review of the current status of chemical and physical science and engineering in developing more environmentally friendly and less toxic synthetic processes, this book highlights many existing applications and the enormous potential of ultrasound technology to upgrade present industrial, agricultural, and environmental processes.

Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production

Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production Book
Author : González-Cortés, Sergio,Imbert, Freddy Emilio
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-01-19
ISBN : 1522539042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the replacement of non-renewable crude oil by renewable sources has been addressed, particularly in developed countries. Its main driving force has been the increasing demand and limited reserves of fossil fuels, the greenhouse gas effect, and the need of securing energy supplies. Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production provides emerging research on renewable energy production, catalysts, and environmental effects of increased productivity. While highlighting the challenges for future generations to develop in the sustainable energy age, readers will learn the importance of new approaches not only for synthesizing more active and selective (nano)catalysts, but also, for designing innovative catalytic processes that can eventually meet the growing energy efficiency demand and overcome the environmental issues. This book is an important resource for academicians, university researchers, technology developers, and graduate level students.

Nanocatalysis

Nanocatalysis Book
Author : Vivek Polshettiwar,Tewodros Asefa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-09-06
ISBN : 1118609808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exhibiting both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic properties,nanocatalysts allow for rapid and selective chemicaltransformations, with the benefits of excellent product yield andease of catalyst separation and recovery. This book reviews thecatalytic performance and the synthesis and characterization ofnanocatalysts, examining the current state of the art and pointingthe way towards new avenues of research. Moreover, the authorsdiscuss new and emerging applications of nanocatalysts andnanocatalysis, from pharmaceuticals to fine chemicals to renewableenergy to biotransformations. Nanocatalysis features contributions from leadingresearch groups around the world. These contributions reflect athorough review of the current literature as well as theauthors’ first-hand experience designing and synthesizingnanocatalysts and developing new applications for them. Thebook’s nineteen chapters offer a broad perspective,covering: Nanocatalysis for carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom couplingreactions Nanocatalysis for various organic transformations in finechemical synthesis Nanocatalysis for oxidation, hydrogenation, and other relatedreactions Nanomaterial-based photocatalysis and biocatalysis Nanocatalysts to produce non-conventional energy such ashydrogen and biofuels Nanocatalysts and nano-biocatalysts in the chemicalindustry Readers will also learn about the latest spectroscopic andmicroscopy tools used in advanced characterization methods thatshed new light on nanocatalysts and nanocatalysis. Moreover, theauthors offer expert advice to help readers develop strategies toimprove catalytic performance. Summarizing and reviewing all the most important advances innanocatalysis over the last two decades, this book explains themany advantages of nanocatalysts over conventional homogeneous andheterogeneous catalysts, providing the information and guidanceneeded for designing green, sustainable catalytic processes.

Novel and Non Conventional Materials and Technologies for Sustainability

Novel and Non Conventional Materials and Technologies for Sustainability Book
Author : Yan Xiao,Zhi Li,Rui Wang,Bo Shan,Khosrow Ghavami
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-06-26
ISBN : 3038138495
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 13th NOCMAT Conference continued to provide a forum where researchers, governmental and non-governmental agencies could introduce their research results concerning innovations in the field of low-cost energy-saving materials which are renewable and locally available: such as bamboo, soil fibers and cement alternatives. Also covered were technologies which make use of such non-conventional materials as natural fibers and agricultural and industrial residues in a more cost-effective, durable, environment-friendly, energy-efficient and sustainable manner.

Agrindex

Agrindex Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agrindex book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Government Reports Annual Index

Government Reports Annual Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Government Reports Annual Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Green Technologies for the Defluoridation of Water

Green Technologies for the Defluoridation of Water Book
Author : Mohammad Hadi Dehghani,Rama Rao Karri,Eder Claudio Lima
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-01
ISBN : 0323856462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Technologies for the Defluoridation of Water focusses on the application of green technologies for de-fluoridation of water using adsorption processes and nanoadsorbents. To achieve this objective the content is structures into five parts. Chap 1 covers the Environmental and health effects of fluoride presence in ambient air, food, water, soil and vegetation. Chap II focuses on the approaches for analytical methods to determine the presence of flouride in water. Chap III reviews various types of conventional and advanced techniques that were used for removal of fluoride from water. Chap IV focusses on Adsorption as a green technology for removal of fluoride from water. Chap V reviews various types of adsorbents that can be used for removal of fluoride. Chap VI emphasizes on the techno-economic assessment of removal of fluoride from water with respect to conventional and non-conventional technologies. Finally, Chap VII emphasizes a detailed assessment of global water challenges and opportunities that may arise. Green Technologies for the Defluoridation of Water provides methods and applications and presents global impacts of fluoride ion in environment including drinking water, food, air, soil and vegetables. The authors compare different de-fluoridation technologies in detail, providing researchers in environmental science and nanotechnology field the information they need to provide solutions to the issue of removing fluoride from water safely, sustainably and cost effectively. Presents the application of green technology for defluoridation of water using adsorption processes and nanoadsorbents Includes methods for effectively removing fluoride ions from potable water and water bodies Provides techniques that are eco-friendly that do not use toxic chemicals, and are lower in cost

Sustainable Cities Development and Environment Protection

Sustainable Cities Development and Environment Protection Book
Author : Nu Wen Xu,Li Tian,Feng Dai
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-08-08
ISBN : 3038261580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Civil, Architecture and Building Materials, (3rd CEABM2013), May 24-26, 2013, Jinan, China. The 475 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Sustainable City and Regional Development; Chapter 2: Renewable Energy and Building Energy Saving Technology; Chapter 3: Indoor Environment; Chapter 4: City Ecological Environment; Chapter 5: Water Purification and Wastewater Treatment; Chapter 6: Air Environment Control and Architectural Environment Improvement Techniques; Chapter 7: Environmental Engineering and Environmental Protection; Chapter 8: Bridge Engineering; Chapter 9: Road and Railway Engineering; Chapter 10: Transportation Planning, Construction and Logistics Engineering; Chapter 11: Traffic Control and Information Technology.

Non Conventional Materials and Technologies

Non Conventional Materials and Technologies Book
Author : Khosrow Ghavami,Pedro Jesús Herrera Franco
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2018-11-25
ISBN : 1945291826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents new research in the area of biobased “green composites”. Biobased materials involve renewable agricultural and forestry feedstocks, including wood, agricultural waste, grasses and natural plant fibers. These lignocellulosic materials are composed mainly of carbohydrates such as sugar and lignin, cellulose, vegetable oils and proteins. Much research is concerned with renewable materials such as bamboo, vegetable fibers, soil composites and recycled materials such as rice husk ash and sugar cane ash. The general aim here is to use renewable and non-polluting materials in ways that offer a high degree of sustainability and preserve the remaining natural resources for future generations. Keywords: Biobased Materials, Renewable Materials, Non-polluting Materials, Sustainability, Wood, Agricultural Waste, Grasses, Natural Plant Fibers, Lignocellulosic Materials, Carbohydrates, Sugars, Lignin, Cellulose, Vegetable Oils, Proteins, Bamboo, Vegetable Fibers, Soil Composites, Recycled Materials, Rice Husk Ash, Sugar Cane Ash, Fiber-reinforced Concrete, Post-disaster Reconstruction, Guadua Fibers, Prefabricated Bamboo Guadua Panels, Multi-Level Bamboo Structures, Alkaline Activated Cements, Polymer Residues Reinforced with Glass Fiber, Composites Reinforced with Vegetal Fibers, Sisal Fibers, Bamboo Arch Structure, Adobe Reinforced with Wheat Fibers, Fiber Reinforced Microconcrete, Cements with High Coal Waste Contents, Natural Composites, Geopolymer Concretes.

Chemical Abstracts

Chemical Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chemical Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Annual Report

Annual Report Book
Author : India. Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Report book written by India. Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Natural Resources and Sustainable Development II

Natural Resources and Sustainable Development II Book
Author : Jian Guo Wu,Jie Yang,Nobukazu Nakagoshi,Xi Xi Li,He Xu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-05-14
ISBN : 3038138320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volumes contain up-to-date, comprehensive and state-of-the art knowledge in the fields of: Mineral Prospecting and Exploration; Mining Engineering and Coal Mining; Mining Machinery Engineering; Mineral Process Engineering; Oil and Gas Well Development Projects; Petrochemical Engineering and Chemical Engineering; Metallurgical Engineering; Forestry Engineering; Storage and Processing of Agricultural Products; Energy Saving and Low Carbon Ideas; Development and Management of the Energy Industry; Environmental Protection and Circular Economy; Ecological Civilization and Low-Carbon Economy; Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development; Computer-Aided Design/Engineering. The contents will be invaluable to a wide range of environment-conscious responsible process engineers.

Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index

Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Development of Natural Resources

Sustainable Development of Natural Resources Book
Author : Ying Jie Zhang,Qun Jie Xu,Mo Jie Sun
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-12-13
ISBN : 3038139335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This 3-volumes set contains selected and peer review papers in the subject areas of mineral prospecting and geological exploration, mining engineering and coal mining, mining machinery engineering, mineral process engineering, oil and gas well development projects, metallurgical engineering, energy saving and low carbon ideas, urban and regional planning, development and management of the energy industry, environmental protection and circular economy, global climate change and international cooperation on reducing carbon emissions, national energy strategy and decision-making, ecological economy, circular economy and low-carbon economy, engineering materials and processing technologies, equipment design, manufacturing, automation and control, computer applications in industry and engineering, and other related topics.

Raw Materials Substitution Sustainability

Raw Materials Substitution Sustainability Book
Author : Elza Bontempi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-27
ISBN : 3319608312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first to propose a simplified quantitative approach to evaluating raw materials’ substitution sustainability, which takes into account their embodied energy and CO2 footprint. In addition to the new quantitative model, it also presents qualitative concepts as well as a number of case studies, and includes helpful illustrations to explain the concept and approach. Europe has launched several initiatives to promote research and innovation in raw materials and to find candidates for natural resources substitution. However, while there is a tremendous interest in raw material substitution, the lack of a simplified approach to comparing the materials’ sustainability and effective legal frameworks make final market applications extremely challenging. The market for new raw materials can only be established if industrial sectors are appropriately sensitized and stimulated. Addressing these and other issues, the book offers a valuable resource not only for scientists, researchers, and politicians, but also for industrial and business operators looking for a way to evaluate raw materials’ substitution sustainability.

Production of Clean Hydrogen by Electrochemical Reforming of Oxygenated Organic Compounds

Production of Clean Hydrogen by Electrochemical Reforming of Oxygenated Organic Compounds Book
Author : Claude Lamy,Christophe Coutanceau,Steve Baranton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 0128215011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Production of Clean Hydrogen by Electrochemical Reforming of Oxygenated Organic Compounds provides a comprehensive overview of the thermodynamics and experimental results that allow the decomposition process of organic compounds leading to hydrogen to be carried out at working cell voltages much lower than those encountered in water electrolysis. The authors review different methods of synthesis and characterization of the catalysts needed to activate the electro-oxidation reaction and describe different electrolysis experiments that produce hydrogen in a Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolysis Cell (PEMEC). Other sections investigate the effect of the nature of the reactive molecules, the nature and structure of the catalysts, and more. By exploring the link between organic oxidation/conversion to hydrogen production, this book fills a gap in the existing literature and provides researchers in the field with an authoritative and comprehensive reference they can use when developing new sustainable processes and systems for hydrogen production. Explores, in detail, the decomposition process of organic compounds leading to hydrogen Presents foundational information, practical insights and pathways for future work in the development of proton exchange membrane electrolysis cell systems Includes results, experimental data and interpretations using different organic compounds, such as methanol, formic acid, ethanol, glycerol and biomass