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Nonconventional And Vernacular Construction Materials

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Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials Book
Author : Kent A. Harries,Bhavna Sharma
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-18
ISBN : 0081027052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications, Second Edition covers the topic by taking into account sustainability, the conservation movement, and current interests in cultural identity and its preservation. This updated edition presents case studies, information on relevant codes and regulations, and how they apply (or do not apply) to nocmats. Leading international experts contribute chapters on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Sections review vernacular construction, provide future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research, focus on natural fibers, and cover the use of industrial byproducts and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete. Takes a scientifically rigorous approach to vernacular and non-conventional building materials and their applications Includes a series of case studies and new material on codes and regulations, thus providing an invaluable compendium of practical knowhow Presents the wider context of materials science and its applications in the sustainability agenda

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials Book
Author : Kent A. Harries,Bhavna Sharma
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-28
ISBN : 0081000553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive repository of information on materials science and the modern structural engineering application of ancient, vernacular, and nonconventional building materials, with leading experts contributing chapters that focus on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Opening with a historic retrospective of nonconventional materials, Part One includes a review of vernacular construction and a discussion of the future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research and applications. Chapters in Part Two focus on natural fibers, including their application in cementitious composites, non-cementitious composites, and strawbale construction. In Part Three, chapters cover the use of industrial by-products and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete, and construction using soil-cement blocks, clay-based materials, adobe and earthen materials, and ancient stone masonry. Timber, bamboo, and paper construction materials are investigated in the final section of the book. Provides a state-of-the-art review of the modern use and engineering of nonconventional building materials Contains chapters that focus on individual construction materials and address both material characterization and structural applications Covers sustainable engineering and the trend towards engineering for humanity

Non Conventional Materials and Technologies

Non Conventional Materials and Technologies Book
Author : Khosrow Ghavami,Pedro Jesús Herrera Franco
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2018-11-25
ISBN : 1945291826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents new research in the area of biobased “green composites”. Biobased materials involve renewable agricultural and forestry feedstocks, including wood, agricultural waste, grasses and natural plant fibers. These lignocellulosic materials are composed mainly of carbohydrates such as sugar and lignin, cellulose, vegetable oils and proteins. Much research is concerned with renewable materials such as bamboo, vegetable fibers, soil composites and recycled materials such as rice husk ash and sugar cane ash. The general aim here is to use renewable and non-polluting materials in ways that offer a high degree of sustainability and preserve the remaining natural resources for future generations. Keywords: Biobased Materials, Renewable Materials, Non-polluting Materials, Sustainability, Wood, Agricultural Waste, Grasses, Natural Plant Fibers, Lignocellulosic Materials, Carbohydrates, Sugars, Lignin, Cellulose, Vegetable Oils, Proteins, Bamboo, Vegetable Fibers, Soil Composites, Recycled Materials, Rice Husk Ash, Sugar Cane Ash, Fiber-reinforced Concrete, Post-disaster Reconstruction, Guadua Fibers, Prefabricated Bamboo Guadua Panels, Multi-Level Bamboo Structures, Alkaline Activated Cements, Polymer Residues Reinforced with Glass Fiber, Composites Reinforced with Vegetal Fibers, Sisal Fibers, Bamboo Arch Structure, Adobe Reinforced with Wheat Fibers, Fiber Reinforced Microconcrete, Cements with High Coal Waste Contents, Natural Composites, Geopolymer Concretes.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 0128131969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Contemporary Bamboo Architecture in China

Contemporary Bamboo Architecture in China Book
Author : K. W. Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-18
ISBN : 9811683093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Contemporary Bamboo Architecture in China book written by K. W. Liu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Construction 4 0

Construction 4 0 Book
Author : Marco Casini
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-12-01
ISBN : 0128218037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At the beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the advent of digitalization, innovative technologies and materials, and new construction techniques have begun transforming the way that infrastructure, real estate, and other built assets can be designed, constructed, and operated in order to create a more attractive, energy-efficient, comfortable, affordable, safe, and sustainable built environment. Developments in materials and cutting-edge technologies (such as artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and biotechnology) have finally started to move the construction towards a new era. Massive changes are occurring as a result of the possibilities created by big data and the Internet of Things, along with the technological advances that are driving down the cost of sensors, data storage, and computer services. Construction 4.0: Advanced Technology, Tools and Materials for the Digital Transformation of the Construction Industry presents a thorough review of developments in materials, emerging trends, cutting-edge technologies, and strategies in the fields of smart building design, construction, and operation, providing the reader with a comprehensive guideline on how to exploit the new possibilities offered by the digital revolution. It will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, material scientists, and civil engineers, undergraduate and graduate students, and other professionals working in the fields of smart eco-efficient construction and cutting-edge technologies applied to construction. Features discussions on how nanomaterials, bio-based materials, and recycled materials are applied in the construction of buildings Analyzes the lifecycle of materials, buildings and design and construction operations Covers new methodologies and construction processes Provides case studies on cutting-edge digital technology such as AI and machine learning Examines all aspects of sustainability, including end-of-life of buildings

Testing and Characterisation of Earth based Building Materials and Elements

Testing and Characterisation of Earth based Building Materials and Elements Book
Author : Antonin Fabbri,Jean-Claude Morel,Jean-Emmanuel Aubert,Quoc-Bao Bui,Domenico Gallipoli,B.V. Venkatarama Reddy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 303083297X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the work done by the RILEM Technical Committee 274-TCE. It focuses on the estimation of the parameters which are necessary to properly design earthen constructions. It provides a compilation of the value classically obtained for the key parameters of earthen materials, a pedagogical presentation of the main testing procedures for earthen materials, their advantage and their drawback and an overview of most standards on earthen materials, whatever their origin and their language.The book is divided into eight chapters. After a general introduction on earthen materials and constructions, the state of the art on the material characterisation technics, the assessment of hygrothermal performance, the mechanical behaviour, seismic resistance and the durability will be presented, each in a dedicated chapter. On the basis of these last chapters, a critical review of the standards which are used for earthen material will be presented in the last chapter. The last chapter is dedicated to the analysis of the environmental potential of earth-based building materials.

10th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

10th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering Book
Author : Alper Ilki,Medine Ispir,Pinar Inci
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 3030881660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume highlights the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of FRP composites and structures, as presented by leading international researchers and engineers at the 10th International Conference on Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE), held in Istanbul, Turkey on December 8-10, 2021. It covers a diverse range of topics such as All FRP structures; Bond and interfacial stresses; Concrete-filled FRP tubular members; Concrete structures reinforced or pre-stressed with FRP; Confinement; Design issues/guidelines; Durability and long-term performance; Fire, impact and blast loading; FRP as internal reinforcement; Hybrid structures of FRP and other materials; Materials and products; Seismic retrofit of structures; Strengthening of concrete, steel, masonry and timber structures; and Testing. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, present a wealth of exciting ideas that will open novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration among different specialists.

Structures and Architecture Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders

Structures and Architecture   Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders Book
Author : Paulo J.S. Cruz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-08
ISBN : 1351858157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structures and Architecture – Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders contains the lectures and papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Structures and Architecture (ICSA2019) that was held in Lisbon, Portugal, in July 2019. It also contains a multimedia device with the full texts of the lectures presented at the conference, including the 5 keynote lectures, and almost 150 selected contributions. The contributions on creative and scientific aspects in the conception and construction of structures, on advanced technologies and on complex architectural and structural applications represent a fine blend of scientific, technical and practical novelties in both fields. ICSA2019 covered all major aspects of structures and architecture, including: building envelopes/façades; comprehension of complex forms; computer and experimental methods; futuristic structures; concrete and masonry structures; educating architects and structural engineers; emerging technologies; glass structures; innovative architectural and structural design; lightweight and membrane structures; special structures; steel and composite structures; structural design challenges; tall buildings; the borderline between architecture and structural engineering; the history of the relationship between architects and structural engineers; the tectonic of architectural solutions; the use of new materials; timber structures, among others. This set of book and multimedia device is intended for a global readership of researchers and practitioners, including architects, structural and construction engineers, builders and building consultants, constructors, material suppliers and product manufacturers, and other professionals involved in the design and realization of architectural, structural and infrastructural projects.

Bamboo Polymer Nanocomposites

Bamboo Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-15
ISBN : 3030680908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This bookshows how to enhance somebamboopropertiesandthesurface treatmentsforobtaininghigh strength nanocomposites. It describes the tensile, flexural and impact strength, surface behaviour, morphological analysis, infrared spectral functional analysis and thermal properties analysis of manufacture nanocomposites. It also investigates the optimization of fabrication techniquesto prepare bamboo nanocomposites reinforcedwithvarious polymers. The book alsodescribesenvironmental impact analysis of bamboo nanocomposites. This book concludes with the nano-enhancement on bamboo species to produce nanocomposites and possibleusage of nanocomposites materials in terms of sustainability and economics.

2019 International Bamboo Construction Competition

2019 International Bamboo Construction Competition Book
Author : Kewei Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-18
ISBN : 3030919900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download 2019 International Bamboo Construction Competition book written by Kewei Liu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced With Fillers and Pozzolans

The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced With Fillers and Pozzolans Book
Author : Paul O. Awoyera,Carlos Thomas,Mehmet Serkan Kirgiz
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-12-01
ISBN : 0128241063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Structural Integrity of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Produced with Fillers and Pozzolans presents a review on the use of by-products, fillers and pozzolanic materials in the development of concrete, with an emphasis on structural integrity. The volume is broken down into key sections, including a review of the types of materials that are used as latent hydraulic supplements, fillers and pozzolans for making recycled aggregate concrete, rheology and hydration phenomenon, the mechanical and microscale nature of concrete, and the impact of fillers and pozzolans on the workability of concrete with case studies. Durability and strength development are also discussed. The final section looks at issues such as performance effect, LCA, environmental impact, sustainability and cost benefit analysis. With detailed case studies throughout, this volume will provide useful information for all stakeholders involved in the built environment, including materials scientists, civil engineers, builders, architects and policymakers. Identifies several potential by-products, fillers and pozzolans for the development of durable concrete Acts as a guidebook for constructors and researchers working in the broad field of material science, engineering and in-situ application Presents the durability properties of concrete made of by-products, fillers and pozzolans

Bioclimatic Architecture in Warm Climates

Bioclimatic Architecture in Warm Climates Book
Author : Manuel Correia Guedes,Gustavo Cantuaria
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 3030120368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive, hands-on approach to bioclimatic building design in Africa. Bioclimatic design is at the core of urban sustainability, and is a critical issue in Africa, where “imported” building typologies are being used at an increasing pace, disregarding the local context and consequently causing damage to the environment, to the economy, and to the culture itself. This book provides a concise set of sustainable design guidelines to be applied in both new buildings and the refurbishment of old buildings, and integrates bioclimatic design strategies with other sustainability issues such as: cultural aspects, affordability, and urban planning. Chapters are fully illustrated with photographs and drawings and include best-practice examples and strategies making it accessible to engineers, architects, students and a broad range of professionals in the building industry. Encompasses all climatic regions in Africa; Integrates bioclimatic design strategies with other sustainability issues; Discusses new design to refurbishment, from urban to rural, including office buildings, residential, tourism, social housing and self building.

Experimental Investigations on Joining Techniques for Paper Structures

Experimental Investigations on Joining Techniques for Paper Structures Book
Author : Evgenia Kanli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-26
ISBN : 3658345012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The background of this research is related to innovative lightweight construction methods for short-term applications realized with highly recyclable materials produced from renewable resources. Specifically, the possibility of using selected paper-based products for design purposes is examined. The main topic discussed regards the state of the art and future potential of joining techniques for assemblies and structures designed with paper-based products. In this context, the preference on paper-tubes for a variety of designs is examined closely. A collection of case studies for selected joining techniques supported with digital tools, fabrication of prototypes and targeted structural experiments demonstrates possibilities and considerations. This book presents the research process and aims to inspire architects, designers and engineers who are eager to discuss on material innovation and the steps that need to be taken to examine the feasibility of such ideas.

Portugal SB07 Sustainable Construction Materials and Practices

Portugal SB07 Sustainable Construction  Materials and Practices Book
Author : Luís Bragança
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 1586037854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The construction industry is a vibrant and active industry. The building sector is responsible for creating, modifying and improving the living environment of humanity. This volume presents solutions that facilitate and promote the adoption of policies, methods and tools to accelerate the movement towards a global sustainable built environment.

Construction Databook Construction Materials and Equipment

Construction Databook  Construction Materials and Equipment Book
Author : Sidney Levy
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2010-03-12
ISBN : 0071613587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Up-to-Date Details on Construction Materials and Equipment A thoroughly revised, all-inclusive compendium, Construction Databook, Second Edition contains hundreds of tables, specifications, charts, and illustrations covering all of the materials and equipment most frequently used at a typical job site. You'll find easy-to-access, practical information on application, selection, dimensions, and installation of all construction components. New details on sustainable materials and energy-saving options are also included. Ideal for both commercial and residential projects, this one-stop resource will help you run any construction job more efficiently and economically. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Soils, site utilities, and sitework equipment Substructures The building envelope Carpentry, framing, drywall, and engineered wood projects Fireproofing and soundproofing Interior finishes--millwork, laminates, paint, and wall coverings Doors and windows Plumbing Mechanical systems and equipment Electrical Useful tables, charts, and formulas

Advances in Asphalt Materials

Advances in Asphalt Materials Book
Author : Shin-Che Huang,Hervé Di Benedetto
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-04-08
ISBN : 0081002718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The urgent need for infrastructure rehabilitation and maintenance has led to a rise in the levels of research into bituminous materials. Breakthroughs in sustainable and environmentally friendly bituminous materials are certain to have a significant impact on national economies and energy sustainability. This book will provide a comprehensive review on recent advances in research and technological developments in bituminous materials. Opening with an introductory chapter on asphalt materials and a section on the perspective of bituminous binder specifications, Part One covers the physiochemical characterisation and analysis of asphalt materials. Part Two reviews the range of distress (damage) mechanisms in asphalt materials, with chapters covering cracking, deformation, fatigue cracking and healing of asphalt mixtures, as well as moisture damage and the multiscale oxidative aging modelling approach for asphalt concrete. The final section of this book investigates alternative asphalt materials. Chapters within this section review such aspects as alternative binders for asphalt pavements such as bio binders and RAP, paving with asphalt emulsions and aggregate grading optimization. Provides an insight into advances and techniques for bituminous materials Comprehensively reviews the physicochemical characteristics of bituminous materials Investigate asphalt materials on the nano-scale, including how RAP/RAS materials can be recycled and how asphalt materials can self-heal and rejuvenator selection

Mechanical Properties of Bamboo

Mechanical Properties of Bamboo Book
Author : Jules J.A. Janssen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401132364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book I have collected many reports on the properties of bamboo. Since I started bamboo research in 1974, I have collected many publications on bamboo. However, in contacts with other researchers I became aware of the fact that several of these publications were unknown to them. Consequently their activities in research or in bamboo projects had to start at a lower level than if they had known some of these publications. Therefore, I discussed the need for a book like this with several colleagues, and I decided to start writing. In this book I present data on properties, as published by resear chers. Certainly it is not complete; e.g. the proceedings of the bamboo workshop in Cochin in November 1988 are not included; they arrived just too late to be taken into account. On the other hand, in writing this preface I realize I have forgotten my own thesis. I do apologize to any colleague whose relevant report is not taken into account as well. I like to express my feelings of respect to the board of my faculty: they allowed me to spend so much time on this book, and they gave a considerable financial support for the printing costs.

Material Research and Applications

Material Research and Applications Book
Author : Duan Ling Li,Da Wei Zheng,Jun Shi
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-02-27
ISBN : 3038263745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2012 International Conference on Advanced Material and Manufacturing Science (ICAMMS 2012), December 20-21, 2012, Beijing, China. The 410 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Science and Engineering; Chapter 2: Nanomaterials and Nanostructures; Chapter 3: Materials Properties, Measuring Methods and Applications; Chapter 4: Methodology of Manufacturing Analysis and Modelling; Chapter 5: Materials Manufacturing and Processing; Chapter 6: Energy Research, Energy Materials and Manufacturing; Chapter 7: Applied Mechanics, Machinery, Mechatronics, Smart and Control Systems

Appropriate Building Materials

Appropriate Building Materials Book
Author : Roland Stulz,Kiran Mukerji
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 9780946688289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Appropriate Building Materials book written by Roland Stulz,Kiran Mukerji, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.