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Non Exhaust Emissions

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Non exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Transport An Ignored Environmental Policy Challenge

Non exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Transport An Ignored Environmental Policy Challenge Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2020-12-07
ISBN : 9264888853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-exhaust emissions of particulate matter constitute a little-known but rising share of emissions from road traffic and have significant negative impacts on public health. This report synthesizes the current state of knowledge about the nature, causes, and consequences of non-exhaust particulate emissions. It also projects how particulate matter emissions from non-exhaust sources may evolve in future years and reflects on policy instrument mixes that can address this largely ignored environmental issue.

Non Exhaust Emissions

Non Exhaust Emissions Book
Author : Fulvio Amato
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 0128117516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-Exhaust Emissions: An Urban Air Quality Problem for Public Health comprehensively summarizes the most recent research in the field, also giving guidance on research gaps and future needs to evaluate the health impact and possible remediation of non-exhaust particle emissions. With contributions from some of the major experts and stakeholders in air quality, this book comprehensively defines the state-of-the-art of current knowledge, gaps and future needs for a better understanding of particulate matter (PM) emissions, from non-exhaust sources of road traffic to improve public health. PM is a heterogeneous mix of chemical elements and sources, with road traffic being the major source in large cities. A significant part of these emissions come from non-exhaust processes, such as brake, tire, road wear, and road dust resuspension. While motor exhaust emissions have been successfully reduced by means of regulation, non-exhaust emissions are currently uncontrolled and their importance is destined to increase and become the dominant urban source of particle matter by 2020. Nevertheless, current knowledge on the non-exhaust emissions is still limited. This is an essential book to researchers and advanced students from a broad range of disciplines, such as public health, toxicology, atmospheric sciences, environmental sciences, atmospheric chemistry and physics, geochemistry, epidemiology, built environment, road and vehicle engineering, and city planning. In addition, European and local authorities responsible for air quality and those in the industrial sectors related to vehicle and brake manufacturing and technological remediation measures will also find the book valuable. Acts as the first book to explore the health impacts of non-exhaust emissions Authored by experts from several sectors, including academia, industry and policy Gathers the relevant body of literature and information, defining the current knowledge, gaps and future needs

Airborne Particulate Matter

Airborne Particulate Matter Book
Author : R M Harrison,R E Hester,Xavier Querol
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-08-18
ISBN : 1782626581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The estimated health impacts and associated economic costs resulting from airborne particulate matter are substantial. Exposure to airborne fine particles ranks highly amongst preventable causes of disease. This book reviews the sources and atmospheric processes affecting airborne particulate matter and consequent impacts upon human health. Examining the latest information on the sources of particles in the atmosphere, both through direct emissions and atmospheric formation, the book also explores the methods which are used to estimate the contributions of different sources to airborne concentrations. Featuring case studies from recent assessments in Europe, the USA, China and India, the book provides a global overview of source apportionment. The health effects are reviewed in the context of the influence of sources, chemical composition and particle size upon relative toxicity. This comprehensive book is an important reference for policymakers and consultants working with pollution and human health, as well as academics working in atmospheric chemistry.

Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XXVI

Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XXVI Book
Author : Clemens Mensink,Wanmin Gong,Amir Hakami
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-23
ISBN : 3030220559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current developments in air pollution modeling are explored as a series of contributions from researchers at the forefront of their field. This newest contribution on air pollution modeling and its application is focused on local, urban, regional and intercontinental modeling; emission modeling and processing; data assimilation and air quality forecasting; model assessment and evaluation; atmospheric aerosols. Additionally, this work also examines the relationship between air quality and human health and the effects of climate change on air quality. This work is a collection of selected papers presented at the 36th International Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application, held in Ottawa, Canada, May 14-18, 2018. The book is intended as reference material for students and professors interested in air pollution modeling at the graduate level as well as researchers and professionals involved in developing and utilizing air pollution models.

New Trends in Emission Control in the European Union

New Trends in Emission Control in the European Union Book
Author : Jerzy Merkisz,Jacek Pielecha,Stanisław Radzimirski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-14
ISBN : 3319027050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses recent changes in the European legislation for exhaust emissions from motor vehicles. It starts with a comprehensive explanation of both the structure and range of applicability of new regulations, such as Euro 5 and Euro 6 for light-duty vehicles and Euro VI for heavy-duty vehicles. Then it introduces the most important issues in in-service conformity and conformity of production for vehicles, describing the latest procedures for performing exhaust emissions tests under both bench and operating conditions. Subsequently, it reports on portable emission measurement systems (PEMS) and their application for assessing the emissions of gaseous and particulate matter alike, under actual operating conditions and in all transport modes. Lastly, the book presents selected findings from exhaust emissions research on engines for a variety of transport vehicles, such as light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles, as well as non-road vehicles, which include farm tractors, groundwork and forest machinery, diesel locomotives, high-rail vehicles, combat vehicles and special-purpose vehicles. This work offers a valuable reference guide for researchers and professionals dealing with environmental regulations and vehicle manufacturing in the European Union.

10th International Munich Chassis Symposium 2019

10th International Munich Chassis Symposium 2019 Book
Author : Peter E. Pfeffer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 3658264357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing automation of driving functions and the electrification of powertrains present new challenges for the chassis with regard to complexity, redundancy, data security,and installation space. At the same time, the mobility of the future will also require entirely new vehicle concepts, particularly in urban areas. The intelligent chassis must be connected, electrified, and automated in order to be best prepared for this future.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Non CO2 Greenhouse Gases Scientific Understanding Control and Implementation

Non CO2 Greenhouse Gases  Scientific Understanding  Control and Implementation Book
Author : J. van Ham,A.P.M. Baede,L.A. Meyer,R. Ybema
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 9401593434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the climate change discussion, non-CO2 greenhouse gases (NCGGs) received official political recognition for the first time in 1997, when agreement was reached on the Kyoto Protocol. As a result methane, nitrous oxide, HFCs, PFCs and SF6 now provide attractive options for detailing the national targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions meant to control climate change. This book is the second volume in this area and addresses three main topics. Firstly, it documents progress with respect to our knowledge of the sources and sinks of NCGGs. Information on this subject is essential in order to reduce the uncertainties in national emissions inventories which serve as the reference values for commitments of countries in the framework of the Kyoto Protocol. Secondly, this volume deals with the control options for the NCGGs and contains a wealth of information in this area. Emerging technologies here provide business opportunities, in particular in connection with the flexible mechanisms for mitigation projects in developing countries which have been agreed in Kyoto. Thirdly, the book treats the policy implementation of mitigation options for greenhouse gas emissions. Tools for control policies, both on the national and international level, and for different sectors of industry are discussed. National integrated approaches, including the ones from the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Netherlands Ministry of Environment which both sponsored the conference, provide guidance for defining the most effective greenhouse gases mitigation plans in different situations. This volume is being published in support of the IPCC Process and will serve as a reference for IPCC's Third Assessment Report.

Current Air Quality Issues

Current Air Quality Issues Book
Author : Farhad Nejadkoorki
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-10-21
ISBN : 9535121804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is thus far one of the key environmental issues in urban areas. Comprehensive air quality plans are required to manage air pollution for a particular area. Consequently, air should be continuously sampled, monitored, and modeled to examine different action plans. Reviews and research papers describe air pollution in five main contexts: Monitoring, Modeling, Risk Assessment, Health, and Indoor Air Pollution. The book is recommended to experts interested in health and air pollution issues.

Nitrogen oxides NOx why and how they are controlled

Nitrogen oxides  NOx  why and how they are controlled Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2022-11-27
ISBN : 1428902805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nitrogen oxides NOx why and how they are controlled book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emissions from Combustion Engines and Their Control

Emissions from Combustion Engines and Their Control Book
Author : Donald J. Patterson,Naeim Abdou Henein
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Emissions from Combustion Engines and Their Control book written by Donald J. Patterson,Naeim Abdou Henein, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles

Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles Book
Author : Asif Faiz,Christopher S. Weaver,Michael P. Walsh
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1996-01-01
ISBN : 9780821334447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contributions by Surhid Gautam and Lit-Mian Chan. This book presents a state-of-the art review of vehicle emission standards and regulations and provides a synthesis of worldwide experience with vehicle emission control technologies and their applications in both industrial and developing countries. Topics covered include: * The two principal international systems of vehicle emission standards: those of North America and Europe * Test procedures used to verify compliance with emissions standards and to estimate actual emissions * Engine and aftertreatment technologies that have been developed to enable new vehicles to comply with emission standards, as well as the cost and other impacts of these technologies * An evaluation of measures for controlling emissions from in-use vehicles * The role of fuels in reducing vehicle emissions, the benefits that could be gained by reformulating conventional gasoline and diesel fuels, the potential benefits of alternative cleaner fuels, and the prospects for using hydrogen and electric power to run motor vehicles with ultra-low or zero emissions. This book is the first in a series of publications on vehicle-related pollution and control measures prepared by the World Bank in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme to underpin the Bank's overall objective of promoting transport that is environmentally sustainable and least damaging to human health and welfare.

Health Effects of Diesel Exhaust Emissions

Health Effects of Diesel Exhaust Emissions Book
Author : Per Camner,Göran Pershagen,Ulf Ahlborg,Siv Ljungqvist,Katarina Victorin
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release : 1988
ISBN : 9788773032015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Miljørapport 1988:8

Outdoor Air Pollution

Outdoor Air Pollution Book
Author : International Agency for Research on Cancer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-07-05
ISBN : 9789283201472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of the IARC Monographs series provides an evaluation of the carcinogenicity of outdoor air pollution. Outdoor air pollution is a complex mixture of pollutants originating from natural and anthropogenic sources, including transportation, power generation, industrial activity, biomass burning, and domestic heating and cooking. The mix of pollutants in outdoor air varies widely in space and time, reflecting the diversity of sources and the influence of atmospheric processes. Commonly measured air pollutants include particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10), nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide; the concentration of particulate matter is often used as an indicator of pollution levels. Millions of people worldwide are exposed to outdoor air pollution at levels that substantially exceed existing health-based guidelines. This evaluation is the culmination of a series that has examined individual pollutants that are contained in the mixture of outdoor air. Related previous evaluations have been published in IARC Monographs Volumes 92, 93, 95, 100C, 100E, 103, and 105. An IARC Monographs Working Group reviewed epidemiological studies, animal cancer bioassays, and mechanistic data to assess the carcinogenic hazards of exposure to outdoor air pollution and particulate air pollution.

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Book
Author : IPCC,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-12-19
ISBN : 052186643X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

The context of natural forest management and FSC certification in Brazil

The context of natural forest management and FSC certification in Brazil Book
Author : Claudia Romero,Manuel R. Guariguata,Francis E. Putz,Erin O. Sills,Guilherme R. Lima,Luciana Papp,Maureen Voigtlaender,Edson Vidal
Publisher : CIFOR
Release : 2015-12-30
ISBN : 6023870252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Management decisions on appropriate practices and policies regarding tropical forests often need to be made in spite of innumerable uncertainties and complexities. Among the uncertainties are the lack of formalization of lessons learned regarding the impacts of previous programs and projects. Beyond the challenges of generating the proper information on these impacts, there are other difficulties that relate with how to socialize the information and knowledge gained so that change is transformational and enduring. The main complexities lie in understanding the interactions of social-ecological systems at different scales and how they varied through time in response to policy and other processes. This volume is part of a broad research effort to develop an independent evaluation of certification impacts with stakeholder input, which focuses on FSC certification of natural tropical forests. More specifically, the evaluation program aims at building the evidence base of the empirical biophysical, social, economic, and policy effects that FSC certification of natural forest has had in Brazil as well as in other tropical countries. The contents of this volume highlight the opportunities and constraints that those responsible for managing natural forests for timber production have experienced in their efforts to improve their practices in Brazil. As such, the goal of the studies in this volume is to serve as the foundation to design an impact evaluation framework of the impacts of FSC certification of natural forests in a participatory manner with interested parties, from institutions and organizations, to communities and individuals.

Gyn Ecology

Gyn Ecology Book
Author : Mary Daly
Publisher : Beacon Press
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 0807014478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised edition includes a New Intergalactic Introduction by the Author. Mary Daly's New Intergalactic Introduction explores her process as a Crafty Pirate on the Journey of Writing Gyn/Ecology and reveals the autobiographical context of this "Thunderbolt of Rage" that she first hurled against the patriarchs in 1979 and no hurls again in the Re-Surging Movement of Radical Feminism in the Be-Dazzling Nineties.

Ozone Forming Potential of Reformulated Gasoline

Ozone Forming Potential of Reformulated Gasoline Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Ozone-Forming Potential of Reformulated Gasoline
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-09-23
ISBN : 0309064457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Committee on Ozone-Forming Potential for Reformulated Gasoline was asked whether the existing body of scientific and technical information is sufficient to permit a robust evaluation and comparison of the emissions from motor vehicles using different reformulated gasolines based on their ozone-forming potentials and to assess the concomitant impact of that approach on air-quality benefits of the use of oxygenates within the RFG program. As part of its charge, the committee was asked to consider (1) the technical soundness of various approaches for evaluating and comparing the relative ozone-forming potentials of RFG blends, (2) technical aspects of various air-quality issues related to RFG assessment, and (3) the sensitivity of evaluations of the relative ozone-forming potentials to factors related to fuel properties and the variability of vehicle technologies and driving patterns.

Nanoparticle Emissions From Combustion Engines

Nanoparticle Emissions From Combustion Engines Book
Author : Jerzy Merkisz,Jacek Pielecha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-19
ISBN : 3319159283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on particulate matter emissions produced by vehicles with combustion engines. It describes the physicochemical properties of the particulate matter, the mechanisms of its formation and its environmental impacts (including those on human beings). It discusses methods for measuring particulate mass and number, including the state-of-the-art in Portable Emission Measurement System (PEMS) equipment for measuring the exhaust emissions of both light and heavy-duty vehicles and buses under actual operating conditions. The book presents the authors’ latest investigations into the relations between particulate emission (mass and number) and engine operating parameters, as well as their new findings obtained through road tests performed on various types of vehicles, including those using diesel particulate filter regeneration. The book, which addresses the needs of academics and professionals alike, also discusses relevant European regulations on particulate emissions and highlights selected methods aimed at the reduction of particulate emissions from automobiles.

Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter

Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2016-09-26
ISBN : 0309443652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines PM as a mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets comprising a number of components, including "acids (such as nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, soil or dust particles, and allergens (such as fragments of pollen and mold spores)". The health effects of outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM) are the subject of both research attention and regulatory action. Although much less studied to date, indoor exposure to PM is gaining attention as a potential source of adverse health effects. Indoor PM can originate from outdoor particles and also from various indoor sources, including heating, cooking, and smoking. Levels of indoor PM have the potential to exceed outdoor PM levels. Understanding the major features and subtleties of indoor exposures to particles of outdoor origin can improve our understanding of the exposureâ€"response relationship on which ambient air pollutant standards are based. The EPA's Indoor Environments Division commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to hold a workshop examining the issue of indoor exposure to PM more comprehensively and considering both the health risks and possible intervention strategies. Participants discussed the ailments that are most affected by particulate matter and the attributes of the exposures that are of greatest concern, exposure modifiers, vulnerable populations, exposure assessment, risk management, and gaps in the science. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.