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Non Crimp Fabric Composites

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Non Crimp Fabric Composites

Non Crimp Fabric Composites Book
Author : Stepan V Lomov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-19
ISBN : 0857092537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-crimp fabric (NCF) composites are reinforced with mats of straight (non-crimped) fibres, giving them such advantages as strength, ease of handling and low manufacturing costs. Non-crimp fabric composites provides a comprehensive review of the use of NCF composites, their manufacture and applications in engineering. Part one covers the manufacture of non-crimp fabrics, including also topics such as structural stitching and automated defect analysis. Part two goes on to discuss the manufacture of non-crimp fabric composites, with chapters covering such topics as deformability and permeability of NCF. Part three focuses on the properties of NCF composites, with chapters on stiffness and strength, damage progression and fatigue. Finally, part four covers the applications of NCF composites, including chapters on the aerospace and automotive industries as well as wind turbines and helicopter applications. The book concludes with a discussion of cost analysis of NCF composites in engineering applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-crimp fabric composites is an essential reference for composite manufacturers and structural and mechanical engineers in industries using NCF composites, as well as academics with a research interest in the field. Provides a comprehensive review of the use of NCF composites, their manufacture and applications in engineering Reviews the manufacture of non-crimp fabrics, including also topics such as structural stitching and automated defect analysis Examines the properties of NCF composites considering stiffness and strength, damage progression and fatigue

Fatigue of Textile Composites

Fatigue of Textile Composites Book
Author : Valter Carvelli,Stepan V Lomov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-16
ISBN : 1782422935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fatigue of Textile Composites provides a current, state-of-art review on recent investigations on the fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles. As this particular group of composite materials is extremely important for a wide variety of industrial applications, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, etc., mainly due to their peculiarities and advantages with respect to unidirectional laminated composites, the text presents comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications, their excellent drapability and versatility, which is highly important for complex double-curvature shape components and three-dimensional woven fabrics without plane reinforcement, and their main mechanical characteristics which are currently in high demand from industry. Presents the current state-of-the-art investigations on fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles Contains invaluable information pertaining to a wide variety of industries, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, amongst others Provides comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design Book
Author : Philippe Boisse
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-07-29
ISBN : 1782423206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The manufacturing processes of composite materials are numerous and often complex. Continuous research into the subject area has made it hugely relevant with new advances enriching our understanding and helping us overcome design and manufacturing challenges. Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design provides comprehensive coverage of all processing techniques in the field with a strong emphasis on recent advances, modeling and simulation of the design process. Part One reviews the advances in composite manufacturing processes and includes detailed coverage of braiding, knitting, weaving, fibre placement, draping, machining and drilling, and 3D composite processes. There are also highly informative chapters on thermoplastic and ceramic composite manufacturing processes, and repairing composites. The mechanical behaviour of reinforcements and the numerical simulation of composite manufacturing processes are examined in Part Two. Chapters examine the properties and behaviour of textile reinforcements and resins. The final chapters of the book investigate finite element analysis of composite forming, numerical simulation of flow processes, pultrusion processes and modeling of chemical vapour infiltration processes. Outlines the advances in the different methods of composite manufacturing processes Provides extensive information on the thermo-mechanical behavior of reinforcements and composite prepregs Reviews numerical simulations of forming and flow processes, as well as pultrusion processes and modeling chemical vapor infiltration

Carbon Fibers and Their Composite Materials

Carbon Fibers and Their Composite Materials Book
Author : Luke Henderson
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-07-16
ISBN : 3039211021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon fiber is an oft-referenced material that serves as a means to remove mass from large transport infrastructure. Carbon fiber composites, typically plastics reinforced with the carbon fibers, are key materials in the 21st century and have already had a significant impact on reducing CO2 emissions. Though, as with any composite material, the interface where each component meets, in this case the fiber and plastic, is critical to the overall performance. This text summarizes recent efforts to manipulate and optimize the interfacial interaction between these dissimilar materials to improve overall performance.

Textile Materials for Lightweight Constructions

Textile Materials for Lightweight Constructions Book
Author : Chokri Cherif
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-11
ISBN : 3662463415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, experts on textile technologies convey both general and specific information on various aspects of textile engineering, ready-made technologies, and textile chemistry. They describe the entire process chain from fiber materials to various yarn constructions, 2D and 3D textile constructions, preforms, and interface layer design. In addition, the authors introduce testing methods, shaping and simulation techniques for the characterization of and structural mechanics calculations on anisotropic, pliable high-performance textiles, including specific examples from the fields of fiber plastic composites, textile concrete and textile membranes. Readers will also be familiarized with the potential offered by increasingly employed textile structures, for instance in the fields of composite technology, construction technology, security technology and membrane technology.

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : L. Tong,A.P. Mouritz,M. Bannister
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-11-20
ISBN : 9780080525822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are used in almost every type of advanced engineering structure, with their usage ranging from aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft through to boats, ships and offshore platforms and to automobiles, sports goods, chemical processing equipment and civil infrastructure such as bridges and buildlings. The usage of FRP composites continues to grow at an impessive rate as these materials are used more in their existing markets and become established in relatively new markets such as biomedical devices and civil structures. A key factor driving the increased applications of composites over the recent years is the development of new advanced forms of FRP materials. This includes developments in high performance resin systems and new styles of reinforcement, such as carbon nanotubes and nanoparticles. This book provides an up-to-date account of the fabrication, mechanical properties, delamination resistance, impact tolerance and applications of 3D FRP composites. The book focuses on 3D composites made using the textile technologies of weaving, braiding, knitting and stiching as well as by z-pinning.

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance Book
Author : Philippe Boisse
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-02
ISBN : 0128190116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance, Second Edition, has been brought fully up to date with the latest developments in the field. It reviews the materials, properties and modelling techniques used in composite production and highlights their uses in optimizing performance. Part I covers materials for reinforcements in composites, including chapters on fibers, carbon nanotubes and ceramics as reinforcement materials. In Part II, different types of structures for reinforcements are discussed, with chapters covering woven and braided reinforcements, three-dimensional fibre structures and two methods of modelling the geometry of textile reinforcements: WiseTex and TexGen. Part III focuses on the properties of composite reinforcements, with chapters on topics such as in-plane shear properties, transverse compression, bending and permeability properties. Finally, Part IV covers the characterization and modelling of reinforcements in composites, with chapters focusing on microscopic and mesoscopic approaches, X-ray tomography analysis and modelling reinforcement forming processes. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance, Second Edition, is an essential reference for designers and engineers working in the composite and composite reinforcement manufacturing industry, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the subject. Discusses the characterization and modeling of reinforcements in composites, focusing on such topics as microscopic and mesoscopic approaches, X-ray tomography analysis, and modeling reinforcement forming processes Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of reinforcement in composites, along with their production and performance optimization Includes sections on NCF (non-crimp fabrics), natural fiber reinforcements, tufting composite reinforcements, sustainability, multiscale modeling, knitted reinforcements, and more

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-09
ISBN : 1782424881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Composite Technologies for 2020

Composite Technologies for 2020 Book
Author : L Ye,Y.-W. Mai,Z. Su
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-06-01
ISBN : 1845690621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Asian-Australasian Association for Composite Materials (AACM) has been playing a leading role in the field of composite science and technology since its inception in 1997. AACM aims to encourage the interchange of knowledge in all aspects of composite materials both in the scientific and engineering communities. Following the success of the first three ACCM conferences ACCM 4 was held in Sydney, Australia, in July 2004. Composite technologies for 2020 provides current state-of-the-art achievements and recent advances in composite science and technologies bringing together leading experts and innovators in the field. Nearly 200 selected papers, classified under 18 different categories ranging from general manufacturing and processing techniques to the latest and hottest topics such as nano-composites and eco-bio composites. Together they represent an authorative documentation of current advances in the field of composite materials.

CT Scan Generated Material Twins for Composites Manufacturing in Industry 4 0

CT Scan Generated Material Twins for Composites Manufacturing in Industry 4 0 Book
Author : Muhammad A. Ali,Rehan Umer,Kamran A. Khan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-06
ISBN : 9811580219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights a novel and robust platform in the form of in-situ characterization setup for creating X-ray computed tomography (XCT)-based textile material twins. In this hybrid experimental–numerical platform, XCT images of different complex fibrous reinforcements at different levels of compaction are acquired. The images are converted into computational models for resin flow simulations. The capabilities of this hybrid framework are applied to a variety of reinforcements used in liquid composite molding processes such as 2D, 3D fabrics and dry tapes. This book is a milestone in the development of virtual manufacturing protocols using material twins of textiles, providing a step closer to the digitalization of advanced composites used in manufacturing processes for industry 4.0.

Natural Fiber Composites

Natural Fiber Composites Book
Author : R.D.S.G. Campilho
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-11-05
ISBN : 1482239019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safely Design, Test, and Construct Products Made of Natural Fiber Composites Natural fibers and their composites carry distinct advantages over industrial fibers. Some advantages—including renewability and availability of raw materials, and lower energy consumption—could help safeguard environmental resources and eventually replace synthetic composites and conventional materials. Natural Fiber Composites explores the growing use of natural fibers in composites and covers material properties, treatment and processing, modeling, applications, design, and other vital information on this subject. Improve the Strength of Manufactured Composites, and Determine the Best Processing Technique Incorporating independent pieces written by a team of international contributors, this book enables readers to analyze and design structural components using state-of-the-art information and methods. It provides an overview of natural fiber composites, details the superior specific mechanical properties of these materials, and presents development techniques and design case studies that can improve performance and enhance the process. Natural Fiber Composites evaluates the value of natural fibers in composite materials, and offers introductory knowledge on natural fiber composites backed by internationally recognized experts in the field.

Fracture Fatigue Failure and Damage Evolution Volume 8

Fracture  Fatigue  Failure and Damage Evolution  Volume 8 Book
Author : Alan T. Zehnder,Jay Carroll,Kavan Hazeli,Ryan B. Berke,Garrett Pataky,Matthew Cavalli,Alison M. Beese,Shuman Xia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-20
ISBN : 3319421956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 8 of the Proceedings of the 2016 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the eighth volume of ten from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: In-situ Techniques for Fracture & Fatigue General Topics in Fracture & Fatigue Fracture & Fatigue of Composites Damage, Fracture, Fatigue & Durability Interfacial Effects in Fracture & Fatigue Damage Detection in Fracture & Fatigue

Advanced Composite Materials for Aerospace Engineering

Advanced Composite Materials for Aerospace Engineering Book
Author : Sohel Rana,Raul Fangueiro
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-26
ISBN : 0081000545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Composite Materials for Aerospace Engineering: Processing, Properties and Applications predominately focuses on the use of advanced composite materials in aerospace engineering. It discusses both the basic and advanced requirements of these materials for various applications in the aerospace sector, and includes discussions on all the main types of commercial composites that are reviewed and compared to those of metals. Various aspects, including the type of fibre, matrix, structure, properties, modeling, and testing are considered, as well as mechanical and structural behavior, along with recent developments. There are several new types of composite materials that have huge potential for various applications in the aerospace sector, including nanocomposites, multiscale and auxetic composites, and self-sensing and self-healing composites, each of which is discussed in detail. The book’s main strength is its coverage of all aspects of the topics, including materials, design, processing, properties, modeling and applications for both existing commercial composites and those currently under research or development. Valuable case studies provide relevant examples of various product designs to enhance learning. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Provides a comprehensive resource on the use of advanced composite materials in the aerospace industry Discusses both existing commercial composite materials and those currently under research or development

Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites

Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites Book
Author : Lee Harper,Mike Clifford
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-12-10
ISBN : 0128191619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites provides an overview of the main manufacturing challenges encountered when processing fibre-reinforced composite materials. Composites are unique in that the material is created at the same time as the structure, forming a very close link between the constituents, the manufacturing process and the resulting mechanical performance. This book takes an in-depth look at material choices and the intermediate steps required to convert different fibre and matrix combinations into finished products. It provides an insight into recent developments for each of the manufacturing processes covered, addressing design, cost, rate and mechanical performance. Topics covered include an introduction to composite materials, material preforming and conversion, moulding, digital design and sustainability, which addresses waste reduction, disassembly and fibre recovery. This book has been developed primarily as a teaching resource with contributions from leading experts in the field. The content has evolved from courses given by the authors to mechanical engineering and materials science students, at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It also draws upon experience gained during research projects and from leading industry experts. It therefore provides non-specialists with a valuable introduction to composite manufacturing techniques, helping to determine the most suitable manufacturing routes and to understand the challenges associated with the production of high-performance composite components. Provides an overview of the most common manufacturing routes for fibre reinforced composites, including the influence of the manufacturing route on mechanical properties, production volume and component cost Discusses recent advances in composite manufacturing, including the use of automation, process simulation, digital factories, and solutions to improve sustainability Looks at where the composites sector is heading and discusses some of the challenges faced by end-users looking to scale up production and increase the uptake of fibre-reinforced composites for structural applications

Trends in Composite Materials and their Design

Trends in Composite Materials and their Design Book
Author : Mohamed A. Taha,Ahmed M. El-Sabbagh,Iman M. Taha
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2010-01-12
ISBN : 3038133639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Composite materials are increasingly finding use in diverse applications requiring a wide range of property and performance requirements. Low density, high specific strength and stiffness are the main features that make composite materials most suitable for structural applications. The field covers the concurrent manipulation of the material’s composition and of the internal architecture of the composite in order to obtain the desired properties. The ability to tailor composite materials precisely is of great importance in structural applications. A systematic approach to the optimum tailoring of composite materials is a challenging design problem. The focus should be on the practical design aspects, and that is what is addressed in this special-topic volume.

Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites

Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites Book
Author : J M Hodgkinson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-10-27
ISBN : 1855738910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Testing of composite materials can present complex problems but is essential in order to ensure the reliable, safe and cost-effective performance of any engineering structure. This essentially practical book, complied from the contributions of leading professionals in the field, describes a wide range of test methods which can be applied to various types of advanced fibre composites. The book focuses on high modulus, high strength fibre/plastic composites and also covers highly anisotrpoic materials such as carbon, aramid and glass. Engineers and designers specifying the use of materials in structures will find this book an invaluable guide to best practice throughout the range of industrial sectors where FRCs are employed.

Modeling Damage Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials

Modeling Damage  Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials Book
Author : Ramesh Talreja,Janis Varna
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-10-20
ISBN : 1782422986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modelling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials provides the latest research on the field of composite materials, an area that has attracted a wealth of research, with significant interest in the areas of damage, fatigue, and failure. The book is a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials, and focuses on materials modeling, while also reviewing treatments to give the reader thorough direction for analyzing failure in composite structures. Part one of the book reviews the damage development in composite materials such as generic damage and damage accumulation in textile composites and under multiaxial loading, while part two focuses on the modeling of failure mechanisms in composite materials with attention given to fibre/matrix cracking and debonding, compression failure, and delamination fracture. Final sections examine the modeling of damage and materials response in composite materials, including micro-level and multi-scale approaches, the failure analysis of composite materials and joints, and the applications of predictive failure models. Examines current research in modeling damage, fatigue, and failure of composite materials Provides a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials Assesses the failure and life prediction in composite materials Discusses the applications of predictive failure models such as computational approaches to failure analysis

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Valter Carvelli,Atul Jain,Stepan Lomov
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-13
ISBN : 1119413524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers several aspects of the fatigue behavior of textile and short fiber reinforced composites. The first part is dedicated to 2D and 3D reinforced textile composites and includes a systematic description of the damage evolution for quasi-static and tensile-tensile fatigue loadings. Acoustic emissions and digital image correlation are considered in order to detect the damage modes’ initiation and development. The acoustic emission thresholds of the quasi-static loading are connected to the “fatigue limit” of the materials with distinctions for glass and carbon reinforcements. The second part is devoted to the fatigue behavior of injection molded short fiber reinforced composites. Experimental evidence highlights the dependence of their fatigue response on various factors: fiber and matrix materials, fiber distribution, environmental and loading conditions are described. A hybrid (experimental/simulations) multi-scale method is presented, which drastically reduces the amount of experimental data necessary for reliable fatigue life predictions.

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1782424814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles, Volume 1: Technical Textile Processes provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of the latest advancements in technical textiles. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this volume reviews recent developments and technologies in the field, beginning with an overview of the technical textiles industry that includes coverage of technical fibers and yarns, weaving, spinning, knitting, and nonwoven production. Subsequent sections include discussions on finishing, coating, and the coloration of technical textiles. Provides a comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Presents updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications An ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Contains contributions from many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition who update their respective chapters

Engineering Against Fracture

Engineering Against Fracture Book
Author : S. G. Pantelakis,C. A. Rodopoulos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-02-14
ISBN : 1402094027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within the last thirty years there is a growing acknowledgement that prevention of catastrophic failures necessitates engagement of a large pool of expertise. Herein it is not excessive to seek advice from disciplines like materials science, structural engineering, mathematics, physics, reliability engineering and even economics. Today’s engineering goals, independently of size; do not have the luxury of being outsideaglobalperspective.Survivaloftheintegratedmarketsand?nancialsystems require a web of safe transportation, energy production and product manufacturing. It is perhaps the ?rst decade in engineering history that multidisciplinary - proaching is not just an idea that needs to materialise but has matured beyond infancy. We can witness such transition by examining engineering job descriptions and postgraduate curricula. The undertaking of organising a conference to re?ect the above was not easy and de?nitely, not something that was brought to life without a lot of work and c- st mitment. The 1 Conference of Engineering Against Fracture from its conceptual day until completion was designed in a way of underlying the need of bringing all the key players on a common ground that once properly cultivated can ?ourish. To achieve that the conference themes were numerous and despite their, in principle notional differences, it was apparent that the attendees established such common ground through argumentation. The reader can see this from the variety of research areas re?ected by the works and keynote lecturers presented.