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Nitrogen Assessment

Nitrogen Assessment Book
Author : Tariq Aziz,Abdul Wakeel,Muhammad Watto,Muhammad Ullah,Muhammad Maqsood,Aysha Kiran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 0128244178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitrogen Assessment: Pakistan as a Case-Study provides a detailed overview of issues and challenges related to nitrogen use and overuse, thus serving as a reference for researchers in Pakistan and providing important insights for other geographic regions. Excess and inefficient nitrogen use in crops and livestock sectors is polluting our rivers, seas, atmosphere, and ecosystems, contributing to climate change, hampering biodiversity, and contributing to stratospheric ozone depletion. This book covers the importance of nitrogen in relation to food security, human health, and economic stability in South Asia. It also discusses nitrogen status, sources, sinks, and drivers of nitrogen use in Pakistan, focusing on current nitrogen measures and policies. Nitrogen pollution is one of the biggest challenges of 21st Century, and the international scientific community is beginning to recognize the significance of nitrogen pollution and to explore how to combat it. The editors' institution, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, partners with South Asia Nitrogen Hub, which includes about 30 organizations from South Asia and UK working on nitrogen assessment, budgeting, awareness, and policy guidance, as well as possible measures to reduce nitrogen pollution. Nitrogen Assessment: Pakistan as a Case-Study provides an important guide to this work and is written in a way that is accessible to an audience with a wide range of experience from advanced students to seasoned researchers. Presents an excellent compilation of research-based findings in the first comprehensive assessment of nitrogen use in Pakistan Offers a detailed and comprehensive compilation of data and content from a variety of sources Analyzes important translational insights for other geographic regions seeking to maximize nutrient use efficiency

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment Book
Author : YP Abrol,TK Adhya,Viney P. Aneja,N. Raghuram,Himanshu Pathak,Umesh Kulshrestha,Chhemendra Sharma,Bijay Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-08-14
ISBN : 0128119047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment: Sources of Reactive Nitrogen, Environmental and Climate Effects, and Management Options and Policies provides a reference for anyone interested in Reactive N, from researchers and students, to environmental managers. Although the main processes that affect the N cycle are well known, this book is focused on the causes and effects of disruption in the N cycle, specifically in India. The book helps readers gain a precise understanding of the scale of nitrogen use, misuse, and release through various agricultural, industrial, vehicular, and other activities, also including discussions on its contribution to the pollution of water and air. Drawing upon the collective work of the Indian Nitrogen Group, this reference book helps solve the challenges associated with providing reliable estimates of nitrogen transfers within different ecosystems, also presenting the next steps that should be taken in the development of balanced, cost-effective, and feasible strategies to reduce the amount of reactive nitrogen. Identifies all significant sources of reactive nitrogen flows and their contribution to the nitrogen-cycle on a national, regional, and global level Covers nitrogen management across sectors, including the environment, food security, energy, and health Provides a single reference on reactive nitrogen in India to help in a number of activities, including the evaluation, analysis, synthesis, documentation, and communications on reactive nitrogen

The European Nitrogen Assessment

The European Nitrogen Assessment Book
Author : Mark A. Sutton,Clare M. Howard,Jan Willem Erisman,Gilles Billen,Albert Bleeker,Peringe Grennfelt,Hans van Grinsven,Bruna Grizzetti
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-04-14
ISBN : 1139501372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting the first continental-scale assessment of reactive nitrogen in the environment, this book sets the related environmental problems in context by providing a multidisciplinary introduction to the nitrogen cycle processes. Issues of upscaling from farm plot and city to national and continental scales are addressed in detail with emphasis on opportunities for better management at local to global levels. The five key societal threats posed by reactive nitrogen are assessed, providing a framework for joined-up management of the nitrogen cycle in Europe, including the first cost-benefit analysis for different reactive nitrogen forms and future scenarios. Incorporating comprehensive maps, a handy technical synopsis and a summary for policy makers, this landmark volume is an essential reference for academic researchers across a wide range of disciplines, as well as stakeholders and policy makers. It is also a valuable tool in communicating the key environmental issues and future challenges to the wider public.

The California Nitrogen Assessment

The California Nitrogen Assessment Book
Author : Thomas P. Tomich
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2016-06-14
ISBN : 0520962230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitrogen is indispensable to all life on Earth. However, humans now dominate the nitrogen cycle, and nitrogen emissions from human activity have real costs: water and air pollution, climate change, and detrimental effects on human health, biodiversity, and natural habitats. Too little nitrogen limits ecosystem processes, while too much nitrogen transforms ecosystems profoundly. The California Nitrogen Assessment is the first comprehensive account of nitrogen flows, practices, and policies for California, encompassing all nitrogen flows—not just those associated with agriculture—and their impacts on ecosystem services and human wellbeing. How California handles nitrogen issues will be of interest nationally and internationally, and the goal of the assessment is to link science with action and to produce information that affects both future policy and solutions for addressing nitrogen pollution. This book also provides a model for application of integrated ecosystem assessment methods at regional and state (subnational) levels.

Nitrogen Assessment

Nitrogen Assessment Book
Author : Tariq Aziz,Abdul Wakeel,Muhammad Watto,Muhammad Ullah,Muhammad Maqsood,Aysha Kiran
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-01
ISBN : 0323860079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitrogen Assessment: Pakistan as a Case-Study provides a detailed overview of issues and challenges related to nitrogen use and overuse, thus serving as a reference for researchers in Pakistan and providing important insights for other geographic regions. Excess and inefficient nitrogen use in crops and livestock sectors is polluting our rivers, seas, atmosphere, and ecosystems, contributing to climate change, hampering biodiversity, and contributing to stratospheric ozone depletion. This book covers the importance of nitrogen in relation to food security, human health, and economic stability in South Asia. It also discusses nitrogen status, sources, sinks, and drivers of nitrogen use in Pakistan, focusing on current nitrogen measures and policies. Nitrogen pollution is one of the biggest challenges of 21st Century, and the international scientific community is beginning to recognize the significance of nitrogen pollution and to explore how to combat it. The editors’ institution, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, partners with South Asia Nitrogen Hub, which includes about 30 organizations from South Asia and UK working on nitrogen assessment, budgeting, awareness, and policy guidance, as well as possible measures to reduce nitrogen pollution. Nitrogen Assessment: Pakistan as a Case-Study provides an important guide to this work and is written in a way that is accessible to an audience with a wide range of experience from advanced students to seasoned researchers. Presents an excellent compilation of research-based findings in the first comprehensive assessment of nitrogen use in Pakistan Offers a detailed and comprehensive compilation of data and content from a variety of sources Analyzes important translational insights for other geographic regions seeking to maximize nutrient use efficiency

Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle

Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle Book
Author : Arvin Mosier,J. Keith Syers,John R. Freney
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2013-04-10
ISBN : 1597267430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitrogen is an essential element for plant growth and development and a key agricultural input-but in excess it can lead to a host of problems for human and ecological health. Across the globe, distribution of fertilizer nitrogen is very uneven, with some areas subject to nitrogen pollution and others suffering from reduced soil fertility, diminished crop production, and other consequences of inadequate supply. Agriculture and the Nitrogen Cycle provides a global assessment of the role of nitrogen fertilizer in the nitrogen cycle. The focus of the book is regional, emphasizing the need to maintain food and fiber production while minimizing environmental impacts where fertilizer is abundant, and the need to enhance fertilizer utilization in systems where nitrogen is limited. The book is derived from a workshop held by the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) in Kampala, Uganda, that brought together the world's leading scientists to examine and discuss the nitrogen cycle and related problems. It contains an overview chapter that summarizes the group's findings, four chapters on cross-cutting issues, and thirteen background chapters. The book offers a unique synthesis and provides an up-to-date, broad perspective on the issues of nitrogen fertilizer in food production and the interaction of nitrogen and the environment.

Just Enough Nitrogen

Just Enough Nitrogen Book
Author : Mark A. Sutton,Kate E. Mason,Albert Bleeker,W. Kevin Hicks,Cargele Masso,N. Raghuram,Stefan Reis,Mateete Bekunda
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-09
ISBN : 3030580652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a unique collection of contributions addressing both the ‘too much’ and ‘too little’ sides of the nitrogen story. Building on analyses started at the 6th International Nitrogen Conference, Kampala, the book explores the idea of ‘just enough nitrogen’: sufficient for sustainable food production, but not so much as to lead to unsustainable pollution and climate problems. The range of nitrogen threats examined, solutions evaluated and science-policy analyses presented here has provided the foundation to agree the ‘Kampala Statement-for-Action on Nitrogen in Africa and Globally,’ as reported in this volume. Humanity today faces unprecedented challenges: How to feed a growing population? How to reduce air pollution, water pollution and climate change? How to handle regional differences in an era of increasing globalization? These questions are at the heart of this edited volume which examines the multi-dimensional nature of the global nitrogen challenge. While humans have massively altered the nitrogen cycle, the consequences have become polarized. Some regions have too much nitrogen, associated with pollution and wasteful use of a valuable resource, while other regions have too little nitrogen, leading to constraints on food production and depletion of soil nutrient stocks. The volume provides a unique collection of contributions addressing both the ‘too much’ and ‘too little’ sides of the nitrogen story. Building on analyses started at the 6th International Nitrogen Conference, Kampala, the book explores the idea of ‘just enough nitrogen’: sufficient for sustainable food production, but not so much as to lead to unsustainable pollution and climate problems. The range of nitrogen threats examined, solutions evaluated and science-policy analyses presented here has provided the foundation to agree the ‘Kampala Statement-for-Action on Nitrogen in Africa and Globally,’ as reported in this volume. Together, the contributions in this book are now informing actions by the International Nitrogen Initiative (INI) in working with the United Nations Environment Programme and others to establish the International Nitrogen Management System (INMS). A key outcome has been to catalyse development of the first Resolution on Sustainable Nitrogen Management, as adopted by the fourth UN Environment Assembly (UNEA/EA.4/Res.14). The work is written for researchers and policy makers and all those interested in seeing how sustainable nitrogen management can contribute to meeting many of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

Nitrogen the Confer N s

Nitrogen  the Confer N s Book
Author : K. van der Hoek,J. Willem Erisman,S. Smeulders,John Robert Wisniewski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080984681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The First International Nitrogen Conference provided an opportunity for researchers and decision-makers to exchange information on environmental pollution by nitrogen compounds on three scales: global, continental/regional and local. The main topics were air, ground water and surface water pollution; emission sources, atmospheric chemistry, deposition processes and effects; disturbance of nitrogen cycles, critical loads and levels; assessments, policy development and evaluation; target groups and abatement techniques; and new approaches leading to an integrated abatement strategy. The peer-reviewed papers from the Conference presented in this volume will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the transport, deposition and impact on ecosystems of nitrogen.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments

Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments Book
Author : Wim de Vries,Jean-Paul Hettelingh,Maximilian Posch
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-20
ISBN : 9401795088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples for each air pollution threat, both at local and regional scale, including Europe, Asia, Canada and the US. The book starts with background information on the effects of the deposition of sulphur, nitrogen and heavy metals and geochemical and biological indicators for risk assessments. The use of those indicators is then illustrated in the assessment of critical loads and their exceedances and in the temporal assessment of air pollution risks. It also includes the most recent developments of assessing critical loads and current and future risks of soil and water chemistry and biodiversity under climate change, with a special focus on nitrogen. The book thus provides a complete overview of the knowledge that is currently used for the scientific support of policies in the field of air pollution control to protect ecosystem services.

Nitrogen Deposition Critical Loads and Biodiversity

Nitrogen Deposition  Critical Loads and Biodiversity Book
Author : Mark A. Sutton,Kate E. Mason,Lucy J. Sheppard,Harald Sverdrup,Richard Haeuber,W. Kevin Hicks
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-04-10
ISBN : 9400779399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together extended reviews and papers of new scientific research on atmospheric nitrogen deposition impacts globally. While there is a wealth of evidence on the magnitude, components and effects of nitrogen disposition on floral biodiversity in Europe and North America, there is an obvious lack of information on impacts on above- and below-ground fauna, and all impacts in other parts of the world, with no clear overview of how the different strands of evidence fit together. This overall synthesis is targeted at the international conventions, but is equally readable for scientists, environmental managers, conservation agencies and policy makers. 'This timely book highlights the global nitrogen deposition problem. Major regions of the world are exceeding sustainability thresholds for adverse effects on ecosystem function and biodiversity. This highlights the importance of ongoing work, including under the Convention on Biological Diversity, in developing indicators and monitoring nitrogen deposition effects to enable appropriate measures. This book presents a milestone towards this global goal as the international community works toward meeting the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, especially Target 8: "By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity". Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological Diversity “This key volume highlights the global challenge to reduce atmospheric nitrogen pollution resulting from energy production, transport and agricultural activities. It takes forward the agenda recently launched in the UNEP commissioned report ‘Our Nutrient World”. Dr. Anjan Datta, UNEP.

Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems

Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems Book
Author : K. E. Giller
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2001
ISBN : 1845933044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitrogen fixation by leguminous plants is especially important when farmers are trying to minimise fertilizer use for cost or environmental reasons. This second edition of the highly successful book, first published in 1991, contains thoroughly updated and revised material on the theory and practice of nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems.

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 1789060435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication examines the risks associated with the release of excessive nitrogen into the environment (climate change, depletion of the ozone layer, air pollution, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, deterioration of soil quality). The report also examines the uncertainty associated with the ability of nitrogen to move from one ecosystem to another and cause "cascading effects". In addition to better management of nitrogen risks at the local level, there is a need to consider the global risks associated with the continued increase in nitrous oxide concentrations and to prevent excess nitrogen in all its forms by developing cost-effective strategies for all its sources. Other than the reduction of nitrogen pollution, this report provides guidance on the use of nitrogen policy instruments and how to ensure coherence with objectives such as food security, energy security and environmental objectives.

Nitrogen Overload

Nitrogen Overload Book
Author : Brian G. Katz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-16
ISBN : 1119513960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrated approach to understanding and mitigating the problem of excess nitrogen Human activities generate large amounts of excess nitrogen, which has dramatically altered the nitrogen cycle. Reactive forms of nitrogen, especially nitrate and ammonia, are particularly detrimental. Given the magnitude of the problem, there is an urgent need for information on reactive nitrogen and its effective management. Nitrogen Overload: Environmental Degradation, Ramifications, and Economic Costs presents an integrated, multidisciplinary review of alterations to the nitrogen cycle over the past century and the wide-ranging consequences of nitrogen-based pollution, especially to aquatic ecosystems and human health.

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Managing Risks and Uncertainty

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Managing Risks and Uncertainty Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 9264307435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication examines the risks associated with the release of excessive nitrogen into the environment (climate change, depletion of the ozone layer, air pollution, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, deterioration of soil quality).

Nitrogen in Agricultural Systems

Nitrogen in Agricultural Systems Book
Author : James Stuart Schepers,William Raun,American Society of Agronomy
Publisher : ASA-CSSA-SSSA
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780891181644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Review of the principles and management implications related to nitrogen in the soil-plant-water system.

Nitrogen oxides NOx why and how they are controlled

Nitrogen oxides  NOx  why and how they are controlled Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2022-08-14
ISBN : 1428902805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nitrogen oxides NOx why and how they are controlled book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Sustainable Nitrogen Management in Crop Plants

Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Sustainable Nitrogen Management in Crop Plants Book
Author : Nandula Raghuram,Susanne Schmidt,Tariq Aziz,Surya Kant,Jianbin Zhou
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-04-26
ISBN : 2889742849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Sustainable Nitrogen Management in Crop Plants book written by Nandula Raghuram,Susanne Schmidt,Tariq Aziz,Surya Kant,Jianbin Zhou, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Understanding Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Management

Understanding Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Management Book
Author : Lei Guo,Amrith Gunasekara,Laura McConnell
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2012-04-19
ISBN : 9780841226548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable source of information for researchers and environmental practitioners, providing the most up-to-date information on greenhouse gas emissions from field crops and livestock animals

Nitrogen Loading in Coastal Water Bodies

Nitrogen Loading in Coastal Water Bodies Book
Author : Richard A. Valigura
Publisher : American Geophysical Union
Release : 2001-01-09
ISBN : 0875902715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 57. Every time it rains, biologically active nitrogen compounds are transferred from the air to whatever surface lies underneath; what a farmer once called "the poor man's fertilizer." In fact, nitrogen containing compounds are transferred between surface and atmosphere even when it is not raining. That this atmospheric nitrogen deposition impacts on the environment is a scientifically accepted fact, established during the acid rain debates led by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program. The extent to which this deposition contributes to the decline of coastal waters around the United States due to over fertilization, however, is still under debate. In response to and as a continuation of this debate is the current work before you: the first attempt to consistently and comprehensively estimate the relative contribution of atmospherically delivered nitrogen to the total amount of nitrogen entering coastal estuaries around the United States.