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Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes

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Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes LEDs

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes  LEDs  Book
Author : Jian-Jang Huang,Hao-Chung Kuo,Shyh-Chiang Shen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857099302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has led to advancements in high-brightness LED technology for solid-state lighting, handheld electronics, and advanced bioengineering applications. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) reviews the fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations. Part one reviews the fabrication of nitride semiconductor LEDs. Chapters cover molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of nitride semiconductors, modern metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) techniques and the growth of nitride-based materials, and gallium nitride (GaN)-on-sapphire and GaN-on-silicon technologies for LEDs. Nanostructured, non-polar and semi-polar nitride-based LEDs, as well as phosphor-coated nitride LEDs, are also discussed. Part two covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots. Further chapters discuss the development of LED encapsulation technology and the fundamental efficiency droop issues in gallium indium nitride (GaInN) LEDs. Finally, part three highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infrared emitters, and automotive lighting. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) is a technical resource for academics, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and those working in the lighting, consumer electronics, automotive, aviation, and communications sectors. Reviews fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations Covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots Highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infra-red emitters, and automotive lighting

Introduction to Nitride Semiconductor Blue Lasers and Light Emitting Diodes

Introduction to Nitride Semiconductor Blue Lasers and Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Shuji Nakamura,Shigefusa F. Chichibu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-03-09
ISBN : 9780748408368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The "blue laser" is an exciting new device used in physics. The potential is now being recognized for its development into a commercial lighting system using about a tenth of the power and with a thousand times the operating lifetime of a comparable conventional system. This comprehensive work introduces the subject at a level suitable for graduate students. It covers the basics physics of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) based on gallium nitride and related nitride semiconductors, and gives an outline of their structural, transport and optical properties, and the relevant device physics. It begins with the fundamentals, and covers both theory and experiment, as well as an examination of actual and potential device applications. Shuji Nakamura and Nichia Chemicals Industries made the initial breakthroughs in the field, and these have revealed that LEDs and LDs are a sophisticated physical phenomenon and a commercial reality.

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications Book
Author : Tae-Yeon Seong,Jung Han,Hiroshi Amano,Hadis Morkoc
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 9400758634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are already used in traffic signals, signage lighting, and automotive applications. However, its ultimate goal is to replace traditional illumination through LED lamps since LED lighting significantly reduces energy consumption and cuts down on carbon-dioxide emission. Despite dramatic advances in LED technologies (e.g., growth, doping and processing technologies), however, there remain critical issues for further improvements yet to be achieved for the realization of solid-state lighting. This book aims to provide the readers with some contemporary LED issues, which have not been comprehensively discussed in the published books and, on which the performance of LEDs is seriously dependent. For example, most importantly, there must be a breakthrough in the growth of high-quality nitride semiconductor epitaxial layers with a low density of dislocations, in particular, in the growth of Al-rich and and In-rich GaN-based semiconductors. The materials quality is directly dependent on the substrates used, such as sapphire, Si, etc. In addition, efficiency droop, growth on different orientations and polarization are also important. Chip processing and packaging technologies are key issues. This book presents a comprehensive review of contemporary LED issues. Given the interest and importance of future research in nitride semiconducting materials and solid state lighting applications, the contents are very timely. The book is composed of chapters written by leading researchers in III-nitride semiconducting materials and device technology. This book will be of interest to scientists and engineers working on LEDs for lighting applications. Postgraduate researchers working on LEDs will also benefit from the issues this book provides.

Nitride Semiconductor Technology

Nitride Semiconductor Technology Book
Author : Fabrizio Roccaforte,Michael Leszczynski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-30
ISBN : 3527825274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book "Nitride Semiconductor Technology" provides an overview of nitride semiconductors and their uses in optoelectronics and power electronics devices. It explains the physical properties of those materials as well as their growth methods. Their applications in high electron mobility transistors, vertical power devices, LEDs, laser diodes, and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers are discussed in detail. The book further examines reliability issues in these materials and puts forward perspectives of integrating them with 2D materials for novel high-frequency and high-power devices. In summary, it covers nitride semiconductor technology from materials to devices and provides the basis for further research.

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes LEDs

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes  LEDs  Book
Author : Jian-Jang Huang,Hao-Chung Kuo,Shyh-Chiang Shen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-10-24
ISBN : 0081019432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs): Materials, Technologies, and Applications, Second Edition reviews the fabrication, performance and applications of the technology, encompassing the state-of-the-art material and device development, along with considerations regarding nitride-based LED design. This updated edition is based on the latest research and advances, including two new chapters on LEDs for large displays and laser lighting. Chapters cover molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of nitride semiconductors, modern metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) techniques, the growth of nitride-based materials, and gallium nitride (GaN)-on-sapphire and GaN-on-silicon technologies for LEDs. Nanostructured, non-polar and semi-polar nitride-based LEDs, as well as phosphor-coated nitride LEDs, are also discussed. The book also addresses the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots. Further chapters discuss the development of LED encapsulation technology and fundamental efficiency droop issues in gallium indium nitride (GaInN) LEDs. It is a technical resource for academics, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and those working in the lighting, consumer electronics, automotive, aviation, and communications sectors. Features new chapters on laser lighting, addressing the latest advances on this topic Reviews fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development Covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots Highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infra-red emitters, and automotive lighting Provides a comprehensive discussion of gallium nitride on both silicon and sapphire substrates

Nitride Semiconductor Devices

Nitride Semiconductor Devices Book
Author : Joachim Piprek
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007
ISBN : 3527406670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book to be published on physical principles, mathematical models, and practical simulation of GaN-based devices. The first part of the book covers electronic, optical, and thermal material parameters of nitride semiconductors that are employed in device models.

Optoelectronic Devices

Optoelectronic Devices Book
Author : M Razeghi,Mohamed Henini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780080444260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tremendous progress has been made in the last few years in the growth, doping and processing technologies of the wide bandgap semiconductors. As a result, this class of materials now holds significant promis for semiconductor electronics in a broad range of applications. The principal driver for the current revival of interest in III-V Nitrides is their potential use in high power, high temperature, high frequency and optical devices resistant to radiation damage. This book provides a wide number of optoelectronic applications of III-V nitrides and covers the entire process from growth to devices and applications making it essential reading for those working in the semiconductors or microelectronics. Broad review of optoelectronic applications of III-V nitrides

Light Emitting Diodes

Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Jinmin Li,G. Q. Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-07
ISBN : 3319992112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive in scope, this book covers the latest progresses of theories, technologies and applications of LEDs based on III-V semiconductor materials, such as basic material physics, key device issues (homoepitaxy and heteroepitaxy of the materials on different substrates, quantum efficiency and novel structures, and more), packaging, and system integration. The authors describe the latest developments of LEDs with spectra coverage from ultra-violet (UV) to the entire visible light wavelength. The major aspects of LEDs, such as material growth, chip structure, packaging, and reliability are covered, as well as emerging and novel applications beyond the general and conventional lightings. This book, written by leading authorities in the field, is indispensable reading for researchers and students working with semiconductors, optoelectronics, and optics. Addresses novel LED applications such as LEDs for healthcare and wellbeing, horticulture, and animal breeding; Editor and chapter authors are global leading experts from the scientific and industry communities, and their latest research findings and achievements are included; Foreword by Hiroshi Amano, one of the 2014 winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on light-emitting diodes.

Light Emitting Diodes

Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : E. Fred Schubert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-06-08
ISBN : 1139455222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revised and fully updated, the second edition of this graduate textbook offers a comprehensive explanation of the technology and physics of LEDs such as infrared, visible-spectrum, ultraviolet, and white LEDs made from III-V semiconductors. Elementary properties such as electrical and optical characteristics are reviewed, followed by the analysis of advanced device structures. With nine additional chapters, the treatment of LEDs has been vastly expanded, including new material on device packaging, reflectors, UV LEDs, III-V nitride materials, solid-state sources for illumination applications, and junction temperature. Radiative and non-radiative recombination dynamics, methods for improving light extraction, high-efficiency and high-power device designs, white-light emitters with wavelength-converting phosphor materials, optical reflectors, and spontaneous recombination in resonant-cavity structures are discussed in detail. With exercises, solutions, and illustrative examples, this textbook will be of interest to scientists and engineers working on LEDs and graduate students in electrical engineering, applied physics, and materials science.

III Nitride Ultraviolet Emitters

III Nitride Ultraviolet Emitters Book
Author : Michael Kneissl,Jens Rass
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-12
ISBN : 3319241001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in group III-nitride based ultraviolet LED and laser technologies, covering different substrate approaches, a review of optical, electronic and structural properties of InAlGaN materials as well as various optoelectronic components. In addition, the book gives an overview of a number of key application areas for UV emitters and detectors, including water purification, phototherapy, sensing, and UV curing. The book is written for researchers and graduate level students in the area of semiconductor materials, optoelectronics and devices as well as developers and engineers in the various application fields of UV emitters and detectors.

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications Book
Author : Tae-Yeon Seong,Jung Han,Hiroshi Amano,Hadis MorkoƧ
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 9811037558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revised edition of this important book presents updated and expanded coverage of light emitting diodes (LEDs) based on heteroepitaxial GaN on Si substrates, and includes new chapters on tunnel junction LEDs, green/yellow LEDs, and ultraviolet LEDs. Over the last two decades, significant progress has been made in the growth, doping and processing technologies of III-nitride based semiconductors, leading to considerable expectations for nitride semiconductors across a wide range of applications. LEDs are already used in traffic signals, signage lighting, and automotive applications, with the ultimate goal of the global replacement of traditional incandescent and fluorescent lamps, thus reducing energy consumption and cutting down on carbon-dioxide emission. However, some critical issues must be addressed to allow the further improvements required for the large-scale realization of solid-state lighting, and this book aims to provide the readers with details of some contemporary issues on which the performance of LEDs is seriously dependent. Most importantly, it describes why there must be a breakthrough in the growth of high-quality nitride semiconductor epitaxial layers with a low density of dislocations, in particular, in the growth of Al-rich and In-rich GaN-based semiconductors. The quality of materials is directly dependent on the substrates used, such as sapphire and Si, and the book discusses these as well as topics such as efficiency droop, growth in different orientations, polarization, and chip processing and packaging technologies. Offering an overview of the state of the art in III-Nitride LED science and technology, the book will be a core reference for researchers and engineers involved with the developments of solid state lighting, and required reading for students entering the field.

High Brightness Light Emitting Diodes

High Brightness Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1998-02-09
ISBN : 9780080864457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 48in the Semiconductors and Semimetals series discusses the physics and chemistry of electronic materials, a subject of growing practical importance in the semiconductor devices industry. The contributors discuss the current state of knowledge and provide insight into future developments of this important field.

Iii Nitride Devices and Nanoengineering

Iii Nitride Devices and Nanoengineering Book
Author : Zhe Chuan Feng
Publisher : Imperial College Press
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1848162243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Devices, nanoscale science and technologies based on GaN and related materials, have achieved great developments in recent years. New GaN-based devices such as UV detectors, fast p-HEMT and microwave devices are developed far more superior than other semiconductor materials-based devices.Written by renowned experts, the review chapters in this book cover the most important topics and achievements in recent years, discuss progress made by different groups, and suggest future directions. Each chapter also describes the basis of theory and experiment.This book is an invaluable resource for device design and processing engineers, material growers and evaluators, postgraduates and scientists as well as newcomers in the GaN field.

III Nitride Semiconductors and Their Modern Devices

III Nitride Semiconductors and Their Modern Devices Book
Author : Bernard Gil
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-08-22
ISBN : 0199681724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All recent developments of nitrides and of their technology are gathered here in a single book, with chapters written by world leaders in the field.

Optoelectronic Organic Inorganic Semiconductor Heterojunctions

Optoelectronic Organic Inorganic Semiconductor Heterojunctions Book
Author : Ye Zhou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-01-20
ISBN : 1000325717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optoelectronic Organic-Inorganic Semiconductor Heterojunctions summarizes advances in the development of organic-inorganic semiconductor heterojunctions, points out challenges and possible solutions for material/device design, and evaluates prospects for commercial applications. Introduces the concept and basic mechanism of semiconductor heterojunctions Describes a series of organic-inorganic semiconductor heterojunctions with desirable electrical and optical properties for optoelectronic devices Discusses typical devices such as solar cells, photo-detectors, and optoelectronic memories Outlines the materials and device challenges as well as possible strategies to promote the commercial translation of semiconductor heterojunctions-based optoelectronic devices Aimed at graduate students and researchers working in solid-state materials and electronics, this book offers a comprehensive yet accessible view of the state of the art and future directions.

Nitride Semiconductor Devices

Nitride Semiconductor Devices Book
Author : Hadis MorkoƧ
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-04-16
ISBN : 3527649026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives a clear presentation of the necessary basics of semiconductor and device physics and engineering. It introduces readers to fundamental issues that will enable them to follow the latest technological research. It also covers important applications, including LED and lighting, semiconductor lasers, high power switching devices, and detectors. This balanced and up-to-date treatment makes the text an essential educational tool for both advanced students and professionals in the electronics industry.

Handbook of Solid State Lighting and LEDs

Handbook of Solid State Lighting and LEDs Book
Author : Zhe Chuan Feng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 1351647644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook addresses the development of energy-efficient, environmentally friendly solid-state light sources, in particular semiconductor light emitting diodes (LEDs) and other solid-state lighting devices. It reflects the vast growth of this field and impacts in diverse industries, from lighting to communications, biotechnology, imaging, and medicine. The chapters include coverage of nanoscale processing, fabrication of LEDs, light diodes, photodetectors and nanodevices, characterization techniques, application, and recent advances. Readers will obtain an understanding of the key properties of solid-state lighting and LED devices, an overview of current technologies, and appreciation for the challenges remaining. The handbook will be useful to material growers and evaluators, device design and processing engineers, newcomers, students, and professionals in the field.

Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Organic Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Jan Kalinowski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1420030647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic Light Emitting Diodes: Principles, Characteristics, and Processes presents recent developments in organic electroluminescence and their application to light emitting diodes. In six chapters and complete with an extensive set of references, it describes and illustrates the physical principles of organic LEDs and their electrical and optical characteristics with a wide range of examples and practical studies. The author presents a unified approach to the description and functioning of organic LEDs, based on a comprehensive background of relevant physical processes and provides a clear foundation for the prediction and design of new improved electroluminescent devices.

Light Emitting Diodes for Agriculture

Light Emitting Diodes for Agriculture Book
Author : S Dutta Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-25
ISBN : 9811058075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive treatise on the advances in the use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for sustainable crop production and describes the latest photomorphogenesis research findings. It introduces readers to the fundamentals and design features of LEDs applicable for plant growth and development and illustrates their advantages over the traditional lighting systems, including cost analyses. Further, it discusses a wide range of applications covering diverse areas of plant sciences relevant to controlled environment agriculture and in vitro plant morphogenesis. The chapters have been written by a team of pioneering international experts, who have made significant contributions to this emerging interdisciplinary field. The book will serve a valuable resource for graduate students, instructors, and researchers in the fields of horticulture, agricultural biotechnology, cell and developmental biology, and precision agriculture. It will also serve well professionals engaged in greenhouse and vertical farming.

Handbook of GaN Semiconductor Materials and Devices

Handbook of GaN Semiconductor Materials and Devices Book
Author : Wengang (Wayne) Bi,Haochung (Henry) Kuo,Peicheng Ku,Bo Shen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-10-20
ISBN : 1351648055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses material growth, device fabrication, device application, and commercialization of energy-efficient white light-emitting diodes (LEDs), laser diodes, and power electronics devices. It begins with an overview on basics of semiconductor materials, physics, growth and characterization techniques, followed by detailed discussion of advantages, drawbacks, design issues, processing, applications, and key challenges for state of the art GaN-based devices. It includes state of the art material synthesis techniques with an overview on growth technologies for emerging bulk or free standing GaN and AlN substrates and their applications in electronics, detection, sensing, optoelectronics and photonics. Wengang (Wayne) Bi is Distinguished Chair Professor and Associate Dean in the College of Information and Electrical Engineering at Hebei University of Technology in Tianjin, China. Hao-chung (Henry) Kuo is Distinguished Professor and Associate Director of the Photonics Center at National Chiao-Tung University, Hsin-Tsu, Taiwan, China. Pei-Cheng Ku is an associate professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. Bo Shen is the Cheung Kong Professor at Peking University in China.