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Niels Bohr Collected Works

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Complementarity Beyond Physics 1928 1962

Complementarity Beyond Physics  1928 1962  Book
Author : D. Favrholdt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 9780080871080
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is divided into five parts. The title of the volume refers primarily to part I, which is by far the largest and comprises papers discussing the fundamental questions of biology and related psychological and philosophical problems. Following the reproduction of papers brought to publication by Bohr, there is a separate Appendix to Part I including some of Bohr's most interesting and substantive unpublished contributions in this area. The papers in Part I span the last thirty years of Bohr's life and display his great interest in biological problems and his unremitting efforts to show that biology cannot be reduced to physics and chemistry. Part II contains articles of a more general cultural interest. Some of these show that Bohr regarded the complementary perspective to be of value also outside the scientific sphere. Part III contains the articles Bohr wrote about the great Danish philosopher Harald Høffding. These short papers are presented in a section on their own because of the continuing discussion in the history of science about Høffding's possible influence on Bohr's work in physics and his whole scientific approach. Part IV comprises articles illuminating the history of 20th century physics. Bohr had great veneration for his predecessors and teachers, and he prepared these articles with great care. Part V contains correspondence relating to the material in Parts I through IV. As in previous volumes an inventory of relevant unpublished manuscripts held at the Niels Bohr Archive constitutes an appendix to the whole volume.

Collected Works

Collected Works Book
Author : Niels Bohr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 9780444100030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Niels Bohr Collected Works

Niels Bohr   Collected Works Book
Author : Finn Aaserud
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 9780080871110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Niels Bohr: Collected Works, Volume 13: Cumulative Subject Index documents aspects of Niels Bohr's varied life and work in the form of a cumulative subject index, with emphasis on his scientific contributions in the field of physics. The general organization of the material is thematic rather than strictly chronological, allowing for the presentation of each paper (or group of papers) along with other relevant material such as drafts, notes, letters, and other items. The book is illustrated with rare photos and includes explanatory notes as well as a bibliography. The bibliography is restricted to the versions of Bohr's publications reproduced in this volume and encompasses a wide range of topics in physics, from the determination of the surface tension of water by the method of jet vibration to the electron theory of metals and of thermoelectric phenomena; the theory of the decrease of velocity of moving electrified particles on passing through matter; the constitution of atoms and molecules; and the spectra of helium and hydrogen. Bohr's other papers focus on the effect of electric and magnetic fields on spectral lines; the quantum theory of radiation and the structure of the atom; the polarization of radiation in the quantum theory; and collisions between atomic systems and free electrical particles. This monograph will be useful to students, practitioners, and researchers interested in Bohr's life and work in general and in quantum mechanics in particular.

Foundations of quantum physics II 1933 1958

Foundations of quantum physics II  1933 1958  Book
Author : Niels Bohr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr Book
Author : Finn Aaserud
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780444532862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Niels Bohr and Complementarity

Niels Bohr and Complementarity Book
Author : Arkady Plotnitsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-05
ISBN : 1461445175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a discussion of Niels Bohr’s conception of “complementarity,” arguably his greatest contribution to physics and philosophy. By tracing Bohr’s work from his 1913 atomic theory to the introduction and then refinement of the idea of complementarity, and by explicating different meanings of “complementarity” in Bohr and the relationships between it and Bohr’s other concepts, the book aims to offer a contained and accessible, and yet sufficiently comprehensive account of Bohr’s work on complementarity and its significance.

The Everett Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

The Everett Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Book
Author : Jeffrey A. Barrett,Peter Byrne
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2012-05-20
ISBN : 1400842743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hugh Everett III was an American physicist best known for his many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, which formed the basis of his PhD thesis at Princeton University in 1957. Although counterintuitive, Everett's revolutionary formulation of quantum mechanics offers the most direct solution to the infamous quantum measurement problem--that is, how and why the singular world of our experience emerges from the multiplicities of alternatives available in the quantum world. The many-worlds interpretation postulates the existence of multiple universes. Whenever a measurement-like interaction occurs, the universe branches into relative states, one for each possible outcome of the measurement, and the world in which we find ourselves is but one of these many, but equally real, possibilities. Everett's challenge to the orthodox interpretation of quantum mechanics was met with scorn from Niels Bohr and other leading physicists, and Everett subsequently abandoned academia to conduct military operations research. Today, however, Everett's formulation of quantum mechanics is widely recognized as one of the most controversial but promising physical theories of the last century. In this book, Jeffrey Barrett and Peter Byrne present the long and short versions of Everett's thesis along with a collection of his explanatory writings and correspondence. These primary source documents, many of them newly discovered and most unpublished until now, reveal how Everett's thinking evolved from his days as a graduate student to his untimely death in 1982. This definitive volume also features Barrett and Byrne's introductory essays, notes, and commentary that put Everett's extraordinary theory into historical and scientific perspective and discuss the puzzles that still remain.

Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature

Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature Book
Author : Niels Bohr
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-06-16
ISBN : 1107628059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Niels Bohr (1885-1962) was a Danish physicist who played a key role in the development of atomic theory and quantum mechanics, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. Originally written for various journals during the 1920s, these articles investigate the epistemological significance of discoveries in quantum physics.

Love Literature and the Quantum Atom

Love  Literature and the Quantum Atom Book
Author : Finn Aaserud,John L. Heilbron
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 0191669733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Niels Bohr ranks with Einstein among the physicists of the 20th century. He rose to this status through his invention of the quantum theory of the atom and his leadership in its defense and development. He also ranks with Einstein in his humanism and his sense of responsibility to his science and the society that enabled him to create it. Our book presents unpublished excerpts from extensive correspondence between Bohr and his immediate family, and uses it to describe and analyze the psychological and cultural background to his invention. The book also contains a reprinting of the three papers of 1913 - the Trilogy- in which Bohr worked out the provisional basis of a quantum theory of the atom.

Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Physics

Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Physics Book
Author : Jan Faye,Henry Folse
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2017-10-19
ISBN : 1350035122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Niels Bohr and Philosophy of Physics: Twenty-First Century Perspectives examines the philosophical views, influences and legacy of the Nobel Prize physicist and philosophical spokesman of the quantum revolution, Niels Bohr. The sixteen contributions in this collection by some of the best contemporary philosophers and physicists writing on Bohr's philosophy today all carefully distinguish his subtle and unique interpretation of quantum mechanics from views often imputed to him under the banner of the “Copenhagen Interpretation.” With respect to philosophical influences on Bohr's outlook, the contributors analyse prominent similarities between his viewpoint and Kantian ways of thinking, the views of the Danish philosopher Harald Høffding, and themes characteristic of American pragmatism. In recognizing the importance of Bohr's epistemological naturalism they examine his defence of the indispensability of classical concepts from a variety of different perspectives. This collection shows us that Bohr's interpretation of quantum mechanics, now nearly a century old, still has the power to shed light on a variety of issues that have arisen only since his lifetime, as well as decoherence theory and other non-collapse interpretations. Balancing historical themes with contemporary discussions, Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Physics establishes Bohr's on-going contribution to the philosophy of physics and examines his place in the history of philosophy.

Collected Papers on Wave Mechanics

Collected Papers on Wave Mechanics Book
Author : Erwin Schrödinger
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0821835246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The famous equation that bears Erwin Schrödinger's name encapsulates his profound contributions to quantum mechanics using wave mechanics. This third, augmented edition of his papers on the topic contains the six original, famous papers in which Schrödinger created and developed the subject of wave mechanics as published in the original edition. As the author points out, at the time each paper was written the results of the later papers were largely unknown to him. This edition also contains three papers that were written shortly after the original edition was published and four lectures delivered by Schrödinger at the Royal Institution in London in 1928. The papers and lectures in this volume were revised by the author and translated into English, and afford the reader a striking and valuable insight into how wave mechanics developed.

The Soul of Genius

The Soul of Genius Book
Author : Jeffrey Orens
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2021-07-06
ISBN : 1643137158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A prismatic look at the meeting of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein and the impact these two pillars of science had on the world of physics, which was in turmoil. In 1911, some of the greatest minds in science convened at the First Solvay Conference in Physics, a meeting like no other. Almost half of the attendees had won or would go on to win the Nobel Prize. Over the course of those few days, these minds began to realize that classical physics was about to give way to quantum theory, a seismic shift in our history and how we understand not just our world, but the universe. At the center of this meeting were Marie Curie and a young Albert Einstein. In the years preceding, Curie had faced the death of her husband and soul mate, Pierre. She was on the cusp of being awarded her second Nobel Prize, but scandal erupted all around her when the French press revealed that she was having an affair with a fellow scientist, Paul Langevin. The subject of vicious misogynist and xenophobic attacks in the French press, Curie found herself in a storm that threatened her scientific legacy. Albert Einstein proved an supporter in her travails. They had an instant connection at Solvay. He was young and already showing flourishes of his enormous genius. Curie had been responsible for one of the greatest discoveries in modern science (radioactivity) but still faced resistance and scorn. Einstein recognized this grave injustice, and their mutual admiration and respect, borne out of this, their first meeting, would go on to serve them in their paths forward to making history. Curie and Einstein come alive as the complex people they were in the pages of The Soul of Genius. Utilizing never before seen correspondance and notes, Jeffrey Orens reveals the human side of these brilliant scientists, one who pushed boundaries and demanded equality in a man’s world, no matter the cost, and the other, who was destined to become synonymous with genius.

The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr

The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr Book
Author : Niels Bohr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr book written by Niels Bohr, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

On the Quantum Theory of Line spectra

On the Quantum Theory of Line spectra Book
Author : Niels Bohr
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 0486442489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This classic work by the Nobel Laureate elaborates on the correspondence principle, discussing the theory's applications from a uniform point of view and considering the underlying assumptions in their relations to ordinary mechanics and electrodynamics. Bohr closely traces the analogy between quantum theory and ordinary theory of radiation. 1918-1922 editions.

The Theory of Spectra and Atomic Constitution

The Theory of Spectra and Atomic Constitution Book
Author : Niels Bohr
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-06-16
ISBN : 1107669812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Niels Bohr (1885-1962) was a Danish physicist who played a key role in the development of atomic theory and quantum mechanics, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. This 1924 second edition contains three essays dealing with the application of quantum theory to problems of atomic structure.

Celebration of Niels Bohr Collected Works

Celebration of Niels Bohr Collected Works Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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H A Kramers Between Tradition and Revolution

H A  Kramers Between Tradition and Revolution Book
Author : Max Dresden
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461246229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is now a little more than 11 years since the idea of writing a personal and scientific biography of H. A. Kramers took hold of me. A few days earlier I had been lecturing, in a course on field theory, on the renormalization proce dures of relativistic quantum field theory. Since the students had considerable trouble understanding the physical basis of the procedure, at the end of the lecture T explained that renormalization is not an exclusive quantum or relativistic procedure. A careful treatment of classical electron theory as started by Lorentz and developed in detail by Kramers also requires re normalization. The students appeared quite interested and I promised them that I would explain all this in more detail in the next lecture. I could have looked up this material in Kramers' book, but I remembered that Kramers had stressed this idea in a course I had attended in Leiden in 1938-1939. I did dig up some of these old notes and, although they were considerably less transparent than my recollection seemed to indicate, they reminded me force fully of the thrilling days I had spent in Leiden with Kramers. Kramers' deep insight and originality were apparent even when distorted by my opaque notes. The students had never heard of these ideas of Kramers' and were totally unaware of his work in field theory.

Reader s Guide to the History of Science

Reader s Guide to the History of Science Book
Author : Arne Hessenbruch
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-12-16
ISBN : 1134262949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Reader's Guide to the History of Science looks at the literature of science in some 550 entries on individuals (Einstein), institutions and disciplines (Mathematics), general themes (Romantic Science) and central concepts (Paradigm and Fact). The history of science is construed widely to include the history of medicine and technology as is reflected in the range of disciplines from which the international team of 200 contributors are drawn.

Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy

Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy Book
Author : J. Faye,H. Folse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401581061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the Niels Bohr centenary of 1985 there has been an astonishing international surge of scholarly analyses of Bohr's philosophy. Now for the first time in Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy Jan Faye and Henry Folse have brought together sixteen of today's leading authors who have helped mould this new round of discussions on Bohr's philosophy. In fifteen entirely new, previously unpublished essays we discover a surprising variety of the different facets of Bohr as the natural philosopher whose `framework of complementarity' shaped the final phase of the quantum revolution and influenced two generations of the century's leading physicists. There is much on which the authors included here agree; but there are also polar disagreements, which assure us that the philosophical questions revolving around Bohr's `new viewpoint' will continue to be a subject of scholarly interest and discussion for years to come. This collection will interest all serious students of history and philosophy of science, and foundations of physics.

Popularization and People 1911 1962

Popularization and People  1911 1962  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 9780080466873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Niels Bohr Collected Works are now complete with the publication of Volume 12, Popularization and People (1911-1962). Niels Bohr is generally regarded as one of the most influential physicists of the twentieth century. The following are only some of the high points. In 1913, Bohr proposed a revolutionary model of the atom breaking with classical conceptions of physics. In 1921, he established the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University of Copenhagen, which became the centre for the new physics visited by the younger generation of physicists from all over the world. From 1927, he oversaw the development leading to the "Copenhagen interpretation" of quantum mechanics which for Bohr formed the foundation for an epistemology valid beyond physics based on Bohr's complementarity concept. In 1939, he explained the mechanism of nuclear fission. Finally, from 1943 until the end of his life in 1962, he carried out a personal political mission to establish an open world between nations which he considered to be necessary in view of the existence of the atomic bomb. All these contributions are amply documented in the earlier volumes of the Niels Bohr Collected Works. This last volume documents Niels Bohr as a person and his efforts to explain quantum physics and its implications to physicists and non-physicists alike. While his activity over many years in the area of superconductivity illustrates his striving for synthesis in physics, his encyclopaedia articles and radio speech for Scandinavian gymnasium students document his effort to make quantum physics and its implications understandable to the general public. The bulk of the volume comprises Bohr's many published writings about his predecessors (for example Isaac Newton), teachers and colleagues (for example Ernest Rutherford and Albert Einstein), family and friends. These writings, which include several rare pieces of autobiogaphy, bring new perspectives to Bohr's life and document his substantial social network, both internationally and within his beloved Denmark. In addition to Bohr's publications reproduced in Parts I and II, the volume includes a more brief Part III with selected correspondence, as well as an inventory of relevant manuscripts. It concludes with a bibliography of Bohr's many publications, chronologically arranged with references to where they can be found in the various volumes of the Collected Works. The volume is illustrated with many new photographs. * Niels Bohr * Collected Works * Archival Documents * Original Photographs