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Nicotine And Other Tobacco Compounds In Neurodegenerative And Psychiatric Diseases

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Nicotine and Other Tobacco Compounds in Neurodegenerative and Psychiatric Diseases

Nicotine and Other Tobacco Compounds in Neurodegenerative and Psychiatric Diseases Book
Author : Emilija Veljkovic,Wenhao Xia,Blaine Phillips,Ee Tsin Wong,Jenny Ho,Alberto Oviedo Casado,Julia Hoeng,Manuel Peitsch
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-15
ISBN : 0128129239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nicotine and Other Tobacco Compounds in Neurodegenerative and Psychiatric Diseases: Epidemiological Data on Smoking and Preclinical and Clinical Data on Nicotine provides a comprehensive summary of the epidemiological data on smoking and several neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Tourette’s syndrome, schizophrenia, anxiety, depression and ADHD, as well as preclinical and clinical data on the effects of nicotine. Despite the obvious and undisputed harmful nature of smoking, evidence suggests that some tobacco and tobacco smoke-derived constituents may offer neuroprotective effects, possibly in combinations, rather than individually. This unprecedented book describes the complex relationships between smoking and neurological disease and the bioactive compounds found in tobacco. It provides a comprehensive review of nicotine and other compounds found in tobacco plant, with scientific evidence of neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects that may act in conjunction with nicotine to exert neuroprotective effects observed in smokers. By presenting findings beyond harmful cigarette smoke effects, attention can be drawn to individual compounds of tobacco that may serve as inspiration for further therapy development. Presents the first comprehensive, tabulated summary of literature on the epidemiological data on smoking and neurological disease Includes preclinical and clinical data on nicotine in neurological diseases and mechanisms of action of nicotine in neuroprotection Features a comprehensive summary of non-nicotine smoke constituents with potentially neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties Discusses Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Schizophrenia, Depression, ADHD, Anxiety and Tourette’s Syndrome in the context of smoking and nicotine

Neuroscience of Nicotine

Neuroscience of Nicotine Book
Author : Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-20
ISBN : 0128130369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroscience of Nicotine: Mechanisms and Treatment presents the fundamental information necessary for a thorough understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of nicotine addiction and its effects on the brain. Offering thorough coverage of all aspects of nicotine research, treatment, policy and prevention, and containing contributions from internationally recognized experts, the book provides students, early-career researchers, and investigators at all levels with a fundamental introduction to all aspects of nicotine misuse. With an estimated one billion individuals worldwide classified as tobacco users—and tobacco use often being synonymous with nicotine addiction—nicotine is one of the world’s most common addictive substances, and a frequent comorbidity of misuse of other common addictive substances. Nicotine alters a variety of neurological processes, from molecular biology, to cognition, and quitting is exceedingly difficult because of the number of withdrawal symptoms that accompany the process. Integrates cutting-edge research on the pharmacological, cellular and molecular aspects of nicotine use, along with its effects on neurobiological function Discusses nicotine use as a component of dual-use and poly addictions and outlines numerous screening and treatment strategies for misuse Covers both the physical and psychological effects of nicotine use and withdrawal to provide a fully-formed view of nicotine dependency and its effects

Coffee Science

Coffee Science Book
Author : Akula Ramakrishna,Parvatam Giridhar,Magdalena Jeszka-Skowron
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-08-18
ISBN : 1000613852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coffee Science: Biotechnological Advances, Economics and Health Benefits highlights the important advances in coffee research and an all-inclusive collection of information on the current status of global coffee production and market, sustainable benefits, novel methods and recent developments in coffee metabolites analysis, advancements in coffee processing technology and improvement of coffee quality by fermentation, solid-liquid extraction methods, and post-harvesting processes to improve the beverage quality and produce coffees with different sensory profiles. The book compiles insights into the biotechnological advances to improve coffee quality. It also describes specialty coffees, which are gaining consumer acceptance and enjoying a good global market. This book collates work on the influence of various coffee metabolites such as methyl xanthine, polyphenols, phenolic compounds, indoleamines, biogenic amines, and coffee diterpenes in human health effects such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, type 2 diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. This book is a useful resource for scientists, academicians, and professionals all over the world who are engaged in coffee cultivation, research, business and coffee consumers’ health. Key Features Current status on coffee production and the global market Novel methods and recent developments in the determination of coffee metabolites Advancements in coffee bean processing technology and improvement of coffee quality Biotechnological advances to improve coffee quality: The role of molecular markers, tissue culture, transgenic technology, and micro RNAs Effects of coffee consumption on human health Knowledge contributions from acknowledged experts from across the world

Toxicological Evaluation of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Products

Toxicological Evaluation of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Products Book
Author : Manuel Peitsch,Julia Hoeng
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-14
ISBN : 0128209356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicological Evaluation of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Products (ENDP) discusses the scientific basis for the toxicological assessment and evaluation of ENDPs. The book covers aerosol chemistry, in vitro and in vivo studies as well as clinical studies. It provides the basis for the evaluation of short and long term-effects, along with relative risks. It also examines the potential role of ENDPs in tobacco harm reduction and how they may reduce the risk of disease in smokers who switch to them. This book is a comprehensive resource for toxicologists, health practitioners and public health professionals who want the scientific information necessary to assess the relative risk of ENDPs when compared with cigarette smoking and cessation. Delivers a comprehensive overview of current state of science Offers an integrated analysis of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products Provides guidance for methodologies

Brain effects of Nicotine and derived compounds

Brain effects of Nicotine and derived compounds Book
Author : Valentina Echeverria Moran
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2023-01-29
ISBN : 2889191419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epidemiological studies have associated tobacco consumption with a lower incidence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD). The neuroprotective effect of tobacco has been mainly attributed to the stimulation by nicotine of the a7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), which are implicated in neuronal survival, attention, and memory. A reduction in cholinergic function including lower levels of the expression of nAChRs in the hippocampus correlates with memory impairment in AD and schizophrenia. nicotine main metabolite cotinine shows similar neuroprotective and mnemonic properties. Also cotinine reduced Alzheimer’s pathology in a mouse model of the disease. Tobacco-derived compounds can be beneficial in a broad range of neurological disorders such as schizophrenia, AD, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and PD as well as in diminishing tobacco withdrawal. In the latest years numerous new discoveries in this research area have been achieved and a Research Topic publication is needed.

Public Health Consequences of E Cigarettes

Public Health Consequences of E Cigarettes Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Review of the Health Effects of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-05-18
ISBN : 030946837X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Millions of Americans use e-cigarettes. Despite their popularity, little is known about their health effects. Some suggest that e-cigarettes likely confer lower risk compared to combustible tobacco cigarettes, because they do not expose users to toxicants produced through combustion. Proponents of e-cigarette use also tout the potential benefits of e-cigarettes as devices that could help combustible tobacco cigarette smokers to quit and thereby reduce tobacco-related health risks. Others are concerned about the exposure to potentially toxic substances contained in e-cigarette emissions, especially in individuals who have never used tobacco products such as youth and young adults. Given their relatively recent introduction, there has been little time for a scientific body of evidence to develop on the health effects of e-cigarettes. Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes reviews and critically assesses the state of the emerging evidence about e-cigarettes and health. This report makes recommendations for the improvement of this research and highlights gaps that are a priority for future research.

Women and Smoking

Women and Smoking Book
Author : United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Women and Smoking book written by United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioactive compounds lifestyle factors and neurodegenerative diseases

Bioactive compounds  lifestyle factors and neurodegenerative diseases Book
Author : Binosha Fernando,Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith,Tejal Shah
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2023-01-20
ISBN : 283251202X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bioactive compounds lifestyle factors and neurodegenerative diseases book written by Binosha Fernando,Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith,Tejal Shah, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2006-10-13
ISBN : 0309101115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patientsâ€"sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.

Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Epigenetics

Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Epigenetics Book
Author : Dag Yasui,Jacob Peedicayil,Dennis R. Grayson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-15
ISBN : 0128005270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Epigenetics is a comprehensive reference for the epigenetic basis of most common neuropsychiatric disorders. The volume is organized into chapters representing individual neuropsychiatric disorders, from addition to obesity contributed by leading experts in their respective fields. The epigenetic aspects of each disorder are discussed, in the context of the full range of epigenetic mechanisms including DNA modification, histone post-translational modification, chromatin organization and non-coding RNA. A particular emphasis is placed on potential epigenetic interventions, when the effects of environmental stimuli on epigenetic states is particularly relevant o disease. Recent discoveries in epigenetic research enabled by epic advances in genomic technologies have positioned the field for broad translation to therapeutic interventions for previously unmanageable disorders Neuropsychiatric disorders represent a prime target of epigenetic interventions as they are highly debilitating, often chronic diseases with enormous costs to society. Thus, this volume will help define epigenetics as a key player in neuropsychiatric disorders, highlighting the full spectrum of epigenetic mechanisms underlying such disorders and introducing the vast range of epigenetic therapies under development. Analyzes the effects of environmental stimuli on epigenetic states that correlate with neuropsychiatric disease induction Reviews the epigenetic basis for common neuropsychiatric disorders, thereby guiding translational therapies for clinicians and mechanistic studies for scientists Extensive use of diagrams, illustrations, tables, and graphical abstracts for each section providing rapid assessment

Nicotine in Psychiatry

Nicotine in Psychiatry Book
Author : Melissa P. Piasecki,Paul Newhouse
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release : 2008-11-01
ISBN : 1585628298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today, 25% of Americans smoke and 50% of smokers die from tobacco-related illnesses. Meanwhile, little attention has been given to implementing cessation therapies for our patients who smoke. Nicotine in Psychiatry: Psychopathology and Emerging Therapeutics examines this timely subject. The book's contributors, subject matter experts in the growing field of nicotine neurobiology andclinical pharmacology, cover the latest knowledge on The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nicotine The effect of nicotinic receptors on the central nervous system (CNS), the recent advances made in understanding the normal function of these receptors, and how this knowledge transfers to the clinical treatment of many CNS disorders Behavioral factors influencing the effects of nicotine and nicotine's addictive capacity The association between smoking and specific mental disorders and the association between nicotine and mood Clinical applications of nicotine as a potential therapeutic agent for a variety of disorders, such as attention deficit, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, epilepsy, inflammatory bowel disease, schizophrenia, and Tourette's syndrome Nicotine replacement therapies and various smoking-cessation strategies This book makes fascinating reading for anyone interested in the recent tobacco public policy debates, as well as clinicians and researchers looking for current information on nicotine and its clinical applications.

Endocrine Disruptors and Puberty

Endocrine Disruptors and Puberty Book
Author : Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis,Andrea C. Gore
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-01
ISBN : 9781607615613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Endocrine disruption represents one of the most controversial environmental issues of our time. Mounting evidence stemming from more than 10 years of experimental, epidemiological and clinical studies has transformed the once generally discounted subject of endocrine disruptors into an issue of tremendous concern not only within the scientific community but among society as a whole. Following initial evidence from basic research, endocrine disruption in humans has now emerged as a major medical challenge. In this respect, puberty, a crucial developmental stage, has been definitively identified as a key window of vulnerability with regard to endocrine disruptors. Written by leading authorities in the field, Endocrine Disruptors and Puberty offers an engaging and comprehensive overview of this fascinating and rapidly growing problem. An indispensable resource for all clinicians and scientists interested in this challenging endocrinologic topic, Endocrine Disruptors and Puberty is a timely contribution that will help navigate a path toward understanding the problem and developing solutions.

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Health Effects of Marijuana: An Evidence Review and Research Agenda
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-03-31
ISBN : 0309453070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant changes have taken place in the policy landscape surrounding cannabis legalization, production, and use. During the past 20 years, 25 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis and/or cannabidiol (a component of cannabis) for medical conditions or retail sales at the state level and 4 states have legalized both the medical and recreational use of cannabis. These landmark changes in policy have impacted cannabis use patterns and perceived levels of risk. However, despite this changing landscape, evidence regarding the short- and long-term health effects of cannabis use remains elusive. While a myriad of studies have examined cannabis use in all its various forms, often these research conclusions are not appropriately synthesized, translated for, or communicated to policy makers, health care providers, state health officials, or other stakeholders who have been charged with influencing and enacting policies, procedures, and laws related to cannabis use. Unlike other controlled substances such as alcohol or tobacco, no accepted standards for safe use or appropriate dose are available to help guide individuals as they make choices regarding the issues of if, when, where, and how to use cannabis safely and, in regard to therapeutic uses, effectively. Shifting public sentiment, conflicting and impeded scientific research, and legislative battles have fueled the debate about what, if any, harms or benefits can be attributed to the use of cannabis or its derivatives, and this lack of aggregated knowledge has broad public health implications. The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agendaâ€"outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issuesâ€"that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs.

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals in Metabolic and Non communicable Diseases

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals in Metabolic and Non communicable Diseases Book
Author : Ram B. Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 0128231750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals in Metabolic and Non-communicable Diseases presents strategies for the prevention of non-communicable diseases and undernutrition through the use of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Research has shown that the use of certain functional foods and nutraceuticals, including spices, herbs, and millets, animal foods and plant foods can play a role in the treatment and prevention of various diseases and in health promotion. Finally, the book explores epigenetic modulation as a new method for the development of functional foods and functional farming. Intended for nutritionists, food scientists and those working in related health science professions, this book contributes to the discussions focused on nutritional transition, globalization, how to administer foods in the treatment of metabolic syndrome, hypertension, diabetes, heart attacks, neuropsychiatric disorders, bone and joint diseases, and carcinogenesis. Places emphasis on food diversity to provide perfect combinations of nutritional ingredients Presents the utility and necessity of functional food production for health promotion Offers suggestions to increase functional food production while simultaneously decreasing production costs

Biomarkers and Mental Illness

Biomarkers and Mental Illness Book
Author : Paul C. Guest
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-02
ISBN : 3319460889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Employing accessible language throughout, this book covers the history of psychiatric research, the current state-of-the art in psychiatric practice, the physiological systems affected by psychiatric illnesses, the whole-body nature of these diseases and the impact that this aspect has on emerging biomarker discoveries. Further, it provides descriptions of the major specific psychiatric disorders and the special challenges regarding the diagnosis and treatment of each. The book concludes with insights into the latest developments in hand-held biomarker test devices, which can provide diagnostic information in less than 15 minutes in point-of-care settings. This book investigates the emerging use of biomarkers in the study of psychiatric diseases, a topic of considerable importance for a broad range of people including researchers, clinicians, psychiatrists, university students and even those whose lives are affected in some way by a psychiatric illness. The last category is hardly trivial, since a staggering one in three people worldwide show the criteria for at least one psychiatric disorder at some point in their lifetime.

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults Book
Author : United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General
Publisher : U.S. Government Printing Office
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRINT PRODUCT -- OVERSTOCK SALE -- Significantly reduced list price This Surgeon General s Report details the causes and the consequences of tobacco use among youth and young adults by focusing on the social, environmental, advertising, and marketing influences that encourage youth and young adults to initiate and sustain tobacco use. This is the first time tobacco data on young adults as a discrete population have been explored in detail. The report also highlights successful strategies to prevent young people from using tobacco. This three volume set includes the following items: A booklet containing highlights from the 2012 Surgeon General s report on tobacco use among youth and teens ages 12 through 17 and young adults ages 18 through 26. This booklet provides an overview of tobacco use within this targeted age group. The second booklet is an Executive Summary with two messages. One message from for Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of Health and Human Services and a second message from Howard Koh, Assistant Secretary of Health and contains a brief introduction to the set and summary and conclusions for each chapter contained in the final volume. The final volume contains over 800 pages of documentation, interwoven with text and data addressing the adverse health consequences of tobacco use by children and young adults. It includes research on a variety of topics, including nicotine addiction, trends in cigarette smoking among young adults, trends in smokeless tobacco use and cigar smoking over time, genetic factors in tobacco use among youth, and mass media influence on smoking to this age group to name a few. This third volume is rich with table data research findings to support the Surgeon General s concerns with America s use and tobacco. If you would like to find similiar products, please check out our Alcoholism, Smoking, and Substance Abuse resources collection at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/health-benefits/alcoholism-smoking-substance-abuse "

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Research Awards Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neurodegenerative Diseases

Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Uday Kishore
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 9535110888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the pathophysiological complexities of the mechanisms and factors that are likely to be involved in a range of neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, other Dementia, Parkinson Diseases and Multiple Sclerosis. The spectrum of diverse factors involved in neurodegeneration, such as protein aggregation, oxidative stress, caspases and secretase, regulators, cholesterol, zinc, microglia, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, etc, have been discussed in the context of disease progression. In addition, novel approaches to therapeutic interventions have also been presented. It is hoped that students, scientists and clinicians shall find this very informative book immensely useful and thought-provoking.

Therapeutic Uses of Cannabis

Therapeutic Uses of Cannabis Book
Author : British Medical Association
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-08-12
ISBN : 1000159655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At the last Annual Representative Meeting of the British Medical Association a motion was passed that `certain additional cannabinoids should be legalized for wider medicinal use.'' This report supports this landmark statement by reviewing the scientific evidence for the therapeutic use of cannabinoids and sets the agenda for change. It will be welcomed by those who believe that cannabinoids can be used in medical treatment. The report discusses in a clear and readable form the use and adverse effects of the drug for nausea, multiple sclerosis, pain, epilepsy, glaucoma, and asthma.

Prodromal Parkinson s Disease

Prodromal Parkinson   s Disease Book
Author : David Crosiers,Patrick Santens,K. Ray Chaudhuri
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-02-17
ISBN : 2889664899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Prodromal Parkinson s Disease book written by David Crosiers,Patrick Santens,K. Ray Chaudhuri, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.