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Nickel Sulfide Ores And Impact Melts

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Nickel Sulfide Ores and Impact Melts

Nickel Sulfide Ores and Impact Melts Book
Author : Peter C. Lightfoot
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 0128041056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nickel Sulfide Ores and Impact Melts: Origin of the Sudbury Igneous Complex presents a current state of understanding on the geology and ore deposits of the Sudbury Igneous Complex in Ontario, Canada. As the first complete reference on the subject, this book explores the linkage between the processes of meteorite impact, melt sheet formation, differentiation, sulfide immiscibility and metal collection, and the localization of ores by magmatic and post-magmatic processes. The discovery of new ore deposits requires industry and government scientists and academic scholars to have access to the latest understanding of ore formation process models that link to the mineralization of their host rocks. The ore deposits at Sudbury are one of the world’s largest ore systems, representing a classic case study that brings together very diverse datasets and ways of thinking. This book is designed to emphasize concepts that can be applied across a broad range of ore deposit types beyond Sudbury and nickel deposit geology. It is an essential resource for exploration geologists, university researchers, and government scientists, and can be used in rock and mineral analysis, remote sensing, and geophysical applications. Provides the only reference book to focus entirely on the Sudbury Igneous Complex Brings together an understanding of ore deposit and impact melts as a basis for future exploration Authored by a leading expert on the geology of the Sudbury Igneous Complex with 35 years of experience working on nickel sulfide ore deposits

Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic Mafic Magmas through Space and Time

Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic Mafic Magmas through Space and Time Book
Author : Sisir K. Mondal,William L. Griffin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 0128111607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time focuses on the fundamental processes that control the formation of ore deposits from ultramafic-mafic magmas, covering chromite, platinum-group element (PGE), Ni-sulfides and Ti-V-bearing magnetite. The exploration, exploitation and use of these magmatic ores are important aspects of geology and directly linked to the global economy. Magmatic ores form from ultramafic-mafic magmas and crystallize at high-temperature after emplacement into crustal magma chambers, and are genetically linked to the evolution of the parental magmas through space and time. This book features recent developments in the field of magmatic ore deposits, and is an essential resource for both industry professionals and those in academia. Elucidates the relationships between tectonic settings and magmatic ore mineralization Provides the links between magma generation in the mantle and ore mineralization at crustal levels Features the latest research on changing patterns in magmatic ore mineralization through time and their bearing on the chemical evolution of the Earth’s mantle

Nickel in Soils and Plants

Nickel in Soils and Plants Book
Author : Christos Tsadilas,Jörg Rinklebe,Magdi Selim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 149877461X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soils with high Ni contents occur in several parts of the world, especially in areas with ultramafic rocks which cause serious environmental impacts. This book aims to extend the knowledge on the risks and problems caused by elevated Ni contents and to cover the existing gaps on issues related to various aspects and consequences of high Ni contents in soils and plants. Nickel in Soils and Plants brings together discussions on Ni as a trace element and as a micronutrient essential for plant growth and its role in plant physiology. It analyzes the biogeochemistry of Ni at the soil plant interface, and explains its behavior in the rhizosphere resulting in Ni deficiency or toxicity, or Ni tolerance of various Ni hyperaccumulators. Included are Ni resources and sources, the origin of soil Ni, its geochemical forms in soils and their availability to plants, a special reference on soils enriched with geogenic Ni, such as serpentine soils, and the special characteristics of those ecosystems. Recent advancements in methods of Ni speciation, including the macroscale and X- ray absorption spectroscopy studies as well as serious views on Ni kinetics, are also covered. Written by a team of internationally recognized researchers and expert contributors, this comprehensive work addresses the practical aspects of managing Ni in soils and plants for agricultural production, and managing soils with high Ni levels by using organic and inorganic amendments. The text also addresses practical measures related to Ni toxicity in plants, the removal and recovery of Ni from high Ni wastes, and offers environmentally friendly innovative processes for mining Ni from soils containing high Ni levels.

Introduction to Ore Forming Processes

Introduction to Ore Forming Processes Book
Author : Laurence Robb
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-08-06
ISBN : 1119232392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive account of ore-forming processes, revised and updated The revised second edition of Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes offers a guide to the multiplicity of geological processes that result in the formation of mineral deposits. The second edition has been updated to reflect the most recent developments in the study of metallogeny and earth system science. This second edition contains new information about global tectonic processes and crustal evolution that continues to influence the practice of economic geology and maintains the supply of natural resources in a responsible and sustainable way. The replenishment of depleted natural resources is becoming more difficult and environmentally challenging. There is also a change in the demand for mineral commodities and the concern around the non-sustainable supply of ‘critical metals’ is now an important consideration for planners of the future. The book puts the focus on the responsible custodianship of natural resources and the continuing need for all earth scientists to understand metallogeny and the resource cycle. This new edition: Provides an updated guide to the processes involved in the formation of mineral deposits Offers an overview of magmatic, hydrothermal and sedimentary ore-forming processes Covers the entire range of mineral deposit types, including the fossil fuels and supergene ores Relates metallogeny to global tectonics by examining the distribution of mineral deposits in space and time Contains examples of world famous ore deposits that help to provide context and relevance to the process-oriented descriptions of ore genesis Written for students and professionals alike, Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes offers a revised second edition that puts the focus on the fact that mineral deposits are simply one of the many natural wonders of geological process and evolution.

Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution VI

Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution VI Book
Author : Wolf Uwe Reimold,Christian Koeberl
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2021-09-23
ISBN : 081372550X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This volume contains a sizable suite of contributions dealing with regional impact records (Australia, Sweden), impact craters and impactites, early Archean impacts and geophysical characteristics of impact structures, shock metamorphic investigations, post-impact hydrothermalism, and structural geology and morphometry of impact structures - on Earth and Mars"--

Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution II

Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution II Book
Author : Burkhard O. Dressler,Virgil L. Sharpton
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 1999-01-01
ISBN : 9780813723396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution II book written by Burkhard O. Dressler,Virgil L. Sharpton, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mineralogy

Mineralogy Book
Author : Martin Okrusch,Hartwig E. Frimmel
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-18
ISBN : 3662573164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a translation and update of the classic German textbook of Mineralogy and Petrology that has been published for decades. It provides an introduction to mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry, discussing the principles of mineralogy, including crystallography, chemical bonding, and physical properties, and the genesis of minerals in a didactic and understandable way. Illustrated with numerous figures and tables, it also features several sections dedicated to the genesis of mineral resources. The textbook reflects the authors’ many years of experience and is ideal for use in lectures on mineralogy and petrology.

Asteroids Impacts Crustal Evolution and Related Mineral Systems with Special Reference to Australia

Asteroids Impacts  Crustal Evolution and Related Mineral Systems with Special Reference to Australia Book
Author : Andrew Y. Glikson,Franco Pirajno
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-12
ISBN : 331974545X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive overview of Australian impact structures and related mineralization, including a discussion of the significance of many of these structures for crustal evolution. The book focuses in particular on Archaean impact ejecta/fallout units in the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia, large exposed and buried impact structures, and on the geophysical evidence for possible to probable impact structures. Thanks to their long-term geological stability, Precambrian and younger terrains in the Australian continent contain 38 confirmed impact structures and 43 ring and dome structures, many of which constitute possible to probable asteroid impact structures. The impact structures have been the subject of more than half a century of studies and range from several tens of meter-large craters to buried structures larger than 100 km in diameter. Discoveries of impact fallout units in the Pilbara Craton have defined the Pilbara as one of the two best documented terrains where Archaean impact ejecta/fallout deposits are identified, the other terrain being the Kaapvaal Craton in southern Africa. A synthesis of evidence from both cratons indicates periods of large asteroid bombardments during ~3.47 – 2.48 billion years-ago, including peak bombardment about 3.25—3.22 billion years-ago. The latter period coincides with an abrupt transformation of an early Archaean granite-greenstone crust to mid to late Archaean semi-continental crustal regimes, underpinning the significance of heavy asteroid impact events for crustal evolution. Apart from proven impact structures, Australian terrains display a range of circular features, including morphological and drainage rings, circular lakes, volcanic craters, tectonic domes, oval granite bodies, mafic igneous plugs, salt diapirs, and magnetic, gravity and seismic anomalies, many of which are of a likely impact origin. Thermal and hydrothermal processes associated with impact cratering bear important consequences for the formation of mineral deposits, such as Ni at Sudbury, Pb-Zn at Siljan and Kentland. Impact structures may also provide sites for the accumulation of hydrocarbons, whereas in some instances fracturing associated with impact structures allows outward migration of oil and gas.

The ICDP USGS Deep Drilling Project in the Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure

The ICDP USGS Deep Drilling Project in the Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure Book
Author : Gregory S. Gohn
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0813724589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In 2005 and 2006, an international deep drilling project, conceived and organized under the auspices of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program and the U.S. Geological Survey, continuously cored three boreholes to a total depth of 1.766 km near the center of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure in Northampton County, Virginia. This volume presents the initial results of geologic, petrographic, geochemical, paleontologic, geophysical, hydrologic, and microbiologic analyses of the Eyreville cores, which constitute a step forward in our understanding of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure and marine impact structures in general. The editors have organized this extensive volume into the following sections: geologic columns; borehole geophysical studies; regional geophysical studies; crystalline rocks, impactites, and impact models; sedimentary breccias; post-impact sediments; hydrologic and geothermal studies; and microbiologic studies. The multidisciplinary approach to the study of this impact structure should provide a valuable example for future scientific drilling investigations."--Publisher's description.

Ore Deposit Geology

Ore Deposit Geology Book
Author : John Ridley
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-07-04
ISBN : 1107244765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mapping closely to how ore deposit geology is now taught, this textbook systematically describes and illustrates the major ore deposit types, linking this to their settings in the crust and the geological factors behind their formation. Written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a basic background in the geosciences, it provides a balance of practical information and coverage of the relevant geological sciences, including petrological, geochemical, hydrological and tectonic processes. Important theory is summarized without unnecessary detail and integrated with students' learning in other topics, including magmatic processes and sedimentary geology, enabling students to make links across the geosciences. Students are supported by further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and problems and review questions that test the application of theoretical approaches and encourage students to use what they have learnt. A website includes visual resources and combines with the book to provide students and instructors with a complete learning package.

Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry

Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry Book
Author : Jason Harvey,James Day
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2016-03-07
ISBN : 1501502093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry, Volume 81 This RiMG (Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry) volume investigates the application of highly siderophile (HSE) and strongly chalcophile elements. This volume has its origin in a short course sponsored by the Mineralogical Society of America and the Geochemical Society held in San Diego, California on the 11th and 12th December 2015, ahead of the American Geophysical Union’s Fall Meeting, which featured a session with the same title. Topics in this volume include: analytical methods and data quality experimental constraints applied to understanding HSE partitioning nucleosynthetic variations of siderophile and chalcophile elements HSE in the Earth, Moon, Mars and asteroidal bodies HSE and chalcophile elements in both cratonic and non-cratonic mantle, encompassing both sub-continental and sub-oceanic lithosphere the importance of the HSE for studying volcanic and magmatic processes, and an appraisal of the importance of magmatic HSE ore formation in Earth’s crust. Highly siderophile and strongly chalcophile elements comprise Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Rh, Pd, Au, Te, Se and S and are defined by their strong partitioning into the metallic phase, but will also strongly partition into sulfide phases, in the absence of metal. The chemical properties of the HSE mean that they are excellent tracers of key processes in high temperature geochemistry and cosmochemistry, having applications in virtually all areas of earth science. A key aspect of the HSE is that three long-lived, geologically useful decay systems exist with the HSE as parent (107Pd-107Ag), or parent-daughter isotopes (187Re-187Os and 190Pt-186Os). The material in this book is accessible for graduate students, researchers, and professionals with interests in the geochemistry and cosmochemistry of these elements, geochronology, magmatic ore bodies and the petrogenesis of platinum-group minerals.

Carbon in Earth s Interior

Carbon in Earth s Interior Book
Author : Craig E. Manning,Jung-Fu Lin,Wendy L. Mao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-03
ISBN : 1119508231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon in Earth's fluid envelopes - the atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere, plays a fundamental role in our planet's climate system and a central role in biology, the environment, and the economy of earth system. The source and original quantity of carbon in our planet is uncertain, as are the identities and relative importance of early chemical processes associated with planetary differentiation. Numerous lines of evidence point to the early and continuing exchange of substantial carbon between Earth's surface and its interior, including diamonds, carbon-rich mantle-derived magmas, carbonate rocks in subduction zones and springs carrying deeply sourced carbon-bearing gases. Thus, there is little doubt that a substantial amount of carbon resides in our planet's interior. Yet, while we know it must be present, carbon's forms, transformations and movements at conditions relevant to the interiors of Earth and other planets remain uncertain and untapped. Volume highlights include: - Reviews key, general topics, such as carbonate minerals, the deep carbon cycle, and carbon in magmas or fluids - Describes new results at the frontiers of the field with presenting results on carbon in minerals, melts, and fluids at extreme conditions of planetary interiors - Brings together emerging insights into carbon's forms, transformations and movements through study of the dynamics, structure, stability and reactivity of carbon-based natural materials - Reviews emerging new insights into the properties of allied substances that carry carbon, into the rates of chemical and physical transformations, and into the complex interactions between moving fluids, magmas, and rocks to the interiors of Earth and other planets - Spans the various chemical redox states of carbon, from reduced hydrocarbons to zero-valent diamond and graphite to oxidized CO2 and carbonates - Captures and synthesizes the exciting results of recent, focused efforts in an emerging scientific discipline - Reports advances over the last decade that have led to a major leap forward in our understanding of carbon science - Compiles the range of methods that can be tapped tap from the deep carbon community, which includes experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamic modelers and geodynamicists - Represents a reference point for future deep carbon science research Carbon in Planetary Interiors will be a valuable resource for researchers and students who study the Earth's interior. The topics of this volume are interdisciplinary, and therefore will be useful to professionals from a wide variety of fields in the Earth Sciences, such as mineral physics, petrology, geochemistry, experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamics, material science, chemistry, geophysics and geodynamics.

Giant Metallic Deposits

Giant Metallic Deposits Book
Author : Peter Laznicka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-18
ISBN : 3540330925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first comprehensive book on the geological characteristics of giant metallic deposits that provides solid facts rather than rapidly changing theories. The book provides abundant material for comparative research in metallogeny, practical information for the explorationists as to where to look for the "elephants", and inspiration for commodity investors.

Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV

Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV Book
Author : W. U. Reimold,Roger Lawrence Gibson
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 0813724651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution held at the Vredefort Dome, South Africa, in Aug. 2008.

Magmatic Sulfide Deposits

Magmatic Sulfide Deposits Book
Author : Anthony J. Naldrett
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 3662084449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is written by a leading authority on the subject of magmatic sulfide deposits. An overview of deposit types, accompanied by a summary of the resources of nickel, copper and platinum-group elements in the world’s principal known deposits, is followed by a summary of the relevant physical chemistry. The core of the book comprises a discussion about the geology and geochemistry of each of the deposit types in turn, accompanied by the implications of this data to the origin of the deposits in the light of our understanding of the chemical processes involved. A final chapter focuses on the use of the genetic concepts in exploration.

GEO RESOURCES

GEO  RESOURCES Book
Author : Shrivastava, K.L.,Kumar, Arun
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2014-05-01
ISBN : 9386237369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book will be an everlasting and invaluable reference for, academia, industry and planners specialized in georesouce and for those who need updated information and current research in the field. The book will also be equally useful for advance level students and research scholars throughout the world.

World Class Mineral Deposits of Northeastern Transbaikalia Siberia Russia

World Class Mineral Deposits of Northeastern Transbaikalia  Siberia  Russia Book
Author : Bronislav Gongalsky,Nadezhda Krivolutskaya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-07
ISBN : 303003559X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes for the first time the complexity of the Northeastern Transbaikalia province of Russia. This province is one of the largest Early Proterozoic metallogenic provinces on Earth. It comprises three extra large deposits: Cu-sandstones Udokan, Fe-Ti-V and Cu-PGE Chiney, and REE Katugin. This book is a research study and includes geological, mineralogical, and geochemical data obtained by the authors from 30 field trips in the region, using XRF, ICP-MS, La-ICP-MS, EPMA, and the study of Sr, Nd, U-Pb isotopes in rocks and minerals. It demonstrates the complicated origin of Cu deposits comprising 50 Mt copper concentrated in sedimentary and magmatic rocks in this area.

Metals Energy and Sustainability

Metals  Energy and Sustainability Book
Author : Barry Golding,Suzanne D. Golding
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-26
ISBN : 3319511750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explains how and where copper and fossil fuels were formed and the likely future for the extraction of copper and coal. The colourful chronology of our efforts to extract metals from minerals and energy from fossil fuels is presented from earliest times until the present day. The difficult concept of human sustainability is examined in the context of continually decreasing real prices of energy and metals. This book integrates the latest findings on our historic use of technology to continually produce cheaper metals even though ore grades have been decreasing. Furthermore, it shows that the rate of technological improvement must increase if metals are to be produced even more cheaply in the future.

The World of Mineral Deposits

The World of Mineral Deposits Book
Author : Florian Neukirchen,Gunnar Ries
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-28
ISBN : 3030343464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This vivid introduction to economic geology not only describes the most important deposit types, but also the processes involved in their formation. Magmatic, hydrothermal and sedimentary processes as well as weathering and alteration are explained in the framework of plate tectonics and the history of the Earth. The chapter about fossil fuels includes unconventional deposits and the much-debated fracking. Other topics covered are exploration, mining and economic aspects like commodity prices.

Geology of Ore Deposits

Geology of Ore Deposits Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geology of Ore Deposits book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.