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Next Generation Batteries With Sulfur Cathodes

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Next generation Batteries with Sulfur Cathodes

Next generation Batteries with Sulfur Cathodes Book
Author : Krzysztof Jan Siczek
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-06
ISBN : 0128166126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Next-Generation Batteries with Sulfur Cathodes provides a comprehensive review of a modern class of batteries with sulfur cathodes, particularly lithium-sulfur cathodes. The book covers recent trends, advantages and disadvantages in Li-S, Na-S, Al-S and Mg-S batteries and why these batteries are very promising for applications in hybrid and electric vehicles. Battery materials and modelling are also dealt with, as is their design, the physical phenomena existing in batteries, and a comparison of batteries between commonly used lithium-ion batteries and the new class of batteries with sulfur cathodes that are useful for devices like vehicles, wind power aggregates, computers and measurement units. Provides solutions for the recycling of batteries with sulfur cathodes Includes the effects of analysis and pro and cons of Li-S, Na-S, Al-S, Mg-S and Zn-S batteries Describes state-of-the-art technological developments and possible applications

Next Generation Batteries

Next Generation Batteries Book
Author : Kiyoshi Kanamura
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 9813366680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Next Generation Batteries book written by Kiyoshi Kanamura, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Lithium Sulfur Batteries

Lithium Sulfur Batteries Book
Author : Mark Wild,Greg Offer
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2019-03-25
ISBN : 1119297869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to lithium sulfur batteries that explores their materials, electrochemical mechanisms and modelling and includes recent scientific developments Lithium Sulfur Batteries (Li-S) offers a comprehensive examination of Li-S batteries from the viewpoint of the materials used in their construction, the underlying electrochemical mechanisms and how this translates into the characteristics of Li-S batteries. The authors – noted experts in the field – outline the approaches and techniques required to model Li-S batteries. Lithium Sulfur Batteries reviews the application of Li-S batteries for commercial use and explores many broader issues including the development of battery management systems to control the unique characteristics of Li-S batteries. The authors include information onsulfur cathodes, electrolytes and other components used in making Li-S batteries and examine the role of lithium sulfide, the shuttle mechanism and its effects, and degradation mechanisms. The book contains a review of battery design and: Discusses electrochemistry of Li-S batteries and the analytical techniques used to study Li-S batteries Offers information on the application of Li-S batteries for commercial use Distills years of research on Li-S batteries into one comprehensive volume Includes contributions from many leading scientists in the field of Li-S batteries Explores the potential of Li-S batteries to power larger battery applications such as automobiles, aviation and space vehicles Written for academic researchers, industrial scientists and engineers with an interest in the research, development, manufacture and application of next generation battery technologies, Lithium Sulfur Batteries is an essential resource for accessing information on the construction and application of Li-S batteries.

Functional Materials For Next generation Rechargeable Batteries

Functional Materials For Next generation Rechargeable Batteries Book
Author : Jiangfeng Ni,Li Lu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2021-02-10
ISBN : 9811230684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over-consumption of fossil fuels has caused deficiency of limited resources and environmental pollution. Hence, deployment and utilization of renewable energy become an urgent need. The development of next-generation rechargeable batteries that store more energy and last longer has been significantly driven by the utilization of renewable energy.This book starts with principles and fundamentals of lithium rechargeable batteries, followed by their designs and assembly. The book then focuses on the recent progress in the development of advanced functional materials, as both cathode and anode, for next-generation rechargeable batteries such as lithium-sulfur, sodium-ion, and zinc-ion batteries. One of the special features of this book is that both inorganic electrode materials and organic materials are included to meet the requirement of high energy density and high safety of future rechargeable batteries. In addition to traditional non-aqueous rechargeable batteries, detailed information and discussion on aqueous batteries and solid-state batteries are also provided.

Design Fabrication and Electrochemical Performance of Nanostructured Carbon Based Materials for High Energy Lithium Sulfur Batteries

Design  Fabrication and Electrochemical Performance of Nanostructured Carbon Based Materials for High Energy Lithium   Sulfur Batteries Book
Author : Guangmin Zhou
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-09
ISBN : 9811034060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the design, fabrication and applications of carbon-based materials for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. It provides insights into the localized electrochemical transition of the “solid-solid” reaction instead of the “sulfur-polysulfides-lithium sulfides” reaction through the desolvation effect in subnanometer pores; demonstrates that the dissolution/diffusion of polysulfide anions in electrolyte can be greatly reduced by the strong binding of sulfur to the oxygen-containing groups on reduced graphene oxide; manifests that graphene foam can be used as a 3D current collector for high sulfur loading and high sulfur content cathodes; and presents the design of a unique sandwich structure with pure sulfur between two graphene membranes as a very simple but effective approach to the fabrication of Li-S batteries with ultrafast charge/discharge rates and long service lives. The book offers an invaluable resource for researchers, scientists, and engineers in the field of energy storage, providing essential insights, useful methods, and practical ideas that can be considered for the industrial production and future application of Li-S batteries.

High Capacity Cathode Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage

High Capacity Cathode Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage Book
Author : Benjamin John Papandrea
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy storage devices are of increasing importance for applications in mobile electronics, hybrid electric vehicles, and can also play a critical role in renewable energy harvesting, conversion and storage. Since its commercial inception in the 1990's, the lithium-ion battery represents the dominant energy storage technology for mobile power supply today. However, the total capacity of lithium-ion batteries is largely limited by the theoretical capacities of the cathode materials such as LiCoO2 (272 mAh g-1), and LiFePO4 (170 mAh g-1), and cannot satisfy the increasing consumer demand, thus new cathode materials with higher capacities must be explored. Two of the most promising cathode materials with significantly larger theoretical capacities are sulfur (1675 mAh g-1) and air, specifically the oxygen (3840 mAh g-1). However, the usage of either of these cathodic materials is plagued with numerous issues that must be overcome before their commercialization. In the first part of my dissertation, we investigated the usage of a three-dimensional graphene membrane for a high energy density lithium-air (Li-Air) battery in ambient condition. One of the issues with Li-Air batteries is the many side reaction that can occur during discharge in ambient condition, especially with water vapor. Using a hydrophobic tortuous three-dimensional graphene membrane we are able to inhibit the diffusion of water vapor and create a lithium-air battery that cycles over 2000 times with a capacity limited at 140 mAh g-1, over 100 cycles with a capacity limited at 1425 mAh g-1, and over 20 cycles at the high capacity of 5700 mAh g-1. In the second part of my dissertation, we investigate the usage of a three-dimensional graphene aerogel to maximize the loading of sulfur to create a freestanding electrode with high capacity for a lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery. We demonstrated that our three-dimensional graphene aerogel could sustain a loading of 95% by weight, and we achieved a capacity of 969 mAh g-1 normalized by the entire electrode with a 90% sulfur loading. In the third and final part of my dissertation, we investigate the usage of catalysts for both Li-Air, and Li-S batteries. We demonstrate how different noble metal configurations are optimal for Li-Air batteries, showcase how different metals effect the sulfur reduction reaction, and how both Pt and Mn increase the capacity of Li-S battery by interacting with the sulfur redox reactions intermediate species.

Lithium Polysulfide Battery with Improved Capacity and Cycle Performance Using Carbon Black Coated Free standing Carbon Cloth

Lithium Polysulfide Battery with Improved Capacity and Cycle Performance Using Carbon Black Coated Free standing Carbon Cloth Book
Author : Zhen Wei
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this work is to develop an LSB cathode that solves the above issues and contributes to advancing the development of the LSB technology. We focus on improving the electrical conductivity while reducing the shuttle effect, a parasitic reaction of the polysulfides at the anode lithium surface. To achieve this goal, we developed a carbon black coated free-standing carbon cloth. It is infiltrated with a Li2S8-containing catholyte as an active material, and its carbon framework serves as an entrapment of the polysulfides. The electrode composite enabled high- sulfur-loading, and its high surface area increased the reaction sites allowing the effective utilization of the sulfur that lead to the high capacity. It also showed high capacity retention by successfully trapping the polysulfides within the electrode. This facile and low-cost solution contributes to the realization of the LSBs.

Annual Report of Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

Annual Report of Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Book
Author : Tōkyō Nōkō Daigaku
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Report of Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology book written by Tōkyō Nōkō Daigaku, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Mild Strategy to Strengthen Three Dimensional Graphene Aerogel for Supporting Sulfur as a Free standing Cathode in Lithium Sulfur Batteries

A Mild Strategy to Strengthen Three Dimensional Graphene Aerogel for Supporting Sulfur as a Free   standing Cathode in Lithium   Sulfur Batteries Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract : Recently, three dimensional graphene aerogel (3DGA) supported sulfur microparticles was used as a cathode material for lithium–sulfur batteries, which was considered as one of the most promising next generation rechargeable batteries due to its ultra‐high theoretical specific capacity (1675 mAh/g). However, the mechanical strength of 3DGA remains an issue for further application. Herein, a strengthened 3DGA (S3DGA) was achieved by soaking in a low concentration ammonia solution at a relative low temperature. Then the S3DGA loaded sulfur (S3DGA‐S) was cut into a round piece and directly used as a cathode without additional binders or conductive additives in LiS batteries. The mechanical strength, microstructure, and electrochemical properties were investigated by compare with a 3DGA prepared without strengthen. The S3DGA‐S presented good mechanical strength, excellent capacity retention, and lower electrochemical impedance. Abstract :

AIAA DARPA Meeting on Lightweight Satellite Systems August 4 6 1987

AIAA DARPA Meeting on Lightweight Satellite Systems  August 4 6  1987 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Amer Inst of Aeronautics &
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download AIAA DARPA Meeting on Lightweight Satellite Systems August 4 6 1987 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advanced Structural and Electrochemical Methods Toward Next Generation High Capacity Lithium Ion Batteries

Advanced Structural and Electrochemical Methods Toward Next Generation High Capacity Lithium Ion Batteries Book
Author : Rachel Ye
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9780438429901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the demand for higher capacity, longer lasting lithium ion battery rises, finding a new material system that can replace the current commercial lithium ion battery system has become the necessity. Out of all possible candidates, nickel oxide, silicon shows potential for next generation anode material, and sulfur promises great improvement if used as the cathode material. In this work, new lithium ion battery systems utilizing nickel oxide, silicon, and sulfur were developed and studied using both physical and electrochemical characterization techniques. The free-standing nickel oxide nanofiber cloth anode shows a high capacity of 1054 mAh/g cycling at 20 minuets per charge. It also shows a cycle life of over 1500 cycles. The novel silicon sulfur full cell architecture presents a functioning silicon sulfur system that does not require prelithiation and shows a energy density of 350 Wh/kg for 250 cycles. The novel plateau targeted conditioning method for sulfur half cells shows a 10% increase in battery capacity and great increase in battery stability, as well as proof of stable sei formation on both the anode and cathode.

Innovative Materials for Automotive Industry

Innovative Materials for Automotive Industry Book
Author : Akira Okada
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A wide variety of materials are used in automotive parts, and most of them are mechanical components. Steels are most widely used for the power train and automotive body construction, and the materials and their processing have been steadily improved. The use of aluminium alloys and polymeric materials have been contributed to the reduction in fuel consumption rates due to the lightweight nature. This book reviews research on material and automotive technologies, as well as how materials work for technological innovations, with particular emphasis placed on the relation between materials science and the performance of automobiles.

Meeting Abstracts

Meeting Abstracts Book
Author : Electrochemical Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Meeting Abstracts book written by Electrochemical Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Lithium sulfur Batteries for Off peak Energy Storage

Lithium sulfur Batteries for Off peak Energy Storage Book
Author : M. L. Kyle,E. J. Cairns,D. S. Webster
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Lithium sulfur Batteries for Off peak Energy Storage book written by M. L. Kyle,E. J. Cairns,D. S. Webster, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Silicon and Germanium Battery Materials

Silicon and Germanium Battery Materials Book
Author : Emily Renee Adkins
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) with higher energy and power density are needed to meet the increasing demands of portable electronic devices, extended-range electric vehicles, and renewable energy storage. Silicon (Si) and germanium (Ge) are attractive anode materials for next generation batteries because they have significantly higher capacities compared with current graphite anodes. One of the challenges Si and Ge face during battery cycling is high volume expansion upon lithiation, which can be accommodated by nanostructuring. LIBs made using Si and Si-Ge type II clathrates exhibited superior reversible cycling performance. This high capacity and stability is due to the type II phase purity of the samples which is a unique feature of the synthetic method used in this study. During cycling, the anode will react with the electrolyte, forming a passivating solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer on the surface, which is crucial to stable battery function. The formation of this layer is influenced by the surface chemistry of the active material. Ge NWs with different surface passivations exhibited different battery performance and rate capability. One strategy used to improve the performance of nanostructured Si, is the addition of a surface coating layer. Si nanowires coated with an SiO[subscript x] shell examined using in situ transmission electron microscopy during battery cycling showed reduced volume expansion, at the expense of complete lithiation. When the nanowire is delithiated, pores are observed to form in the amorphized Si due to the SiO[subscript x] shell, which prevents the migration of vacancies formed during delithiation to the nanowire surface. To increase the performance of the LIB, both the anode and cathode capacities must increase. Prelithiation of the Si anode was crucial to improve the capacity and stability of battery cycling for both lithium iron phosphate and sulfur cathodes, and the prelithiation process used strongly influenced battery performance. In a full cell with a sulfur cathode, no sulfides were observed in the Si SEI layer, due to the use of a carbon interlayer. Si-S batteries fully consumed the lithium nitrate electrolyte additive during cycling, resulting in high levels of electrolyte degradation that contaminated the anode and reduced battery stability

Government Reports Announcements Index

Government Reports Announcements   Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Government Reports Announcements Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Should We Have a New Engine Technical reports

Should We Have a New Engine   Technical reports Book
Author : Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Should We Have a New Engine Technical reports book written by Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanoscale Technology for Advanced Lithium Batteries

Nanoscale Technology for Advanced Lithium Batteries Book
Author : Tetsuya Osaka,Zempachi Ogumi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1461486750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unfortunate and serious accident at the nuclear power plants in Fukushima, Japan caused by the earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 dealt Japan a serious blow. Japan was nearly deprived of electric power when in response to the accident all nuclear reactors in Japan were shut down. This shortage further accelerated the introduction of renewable energies. This book surveys the new materials and approaches needed to use nanotechnology to introduce the next generation of advanced lithium batteries, currently the most promising energy storage devices available. It provides an overview of nanotechnology for lithium batteries from basic to applied research in selected high technology areas. The book especially focuses on near-term and future advances in these fields. All contributors to this book are expert researchers on lithium batteries.

Beyond Lithium ion

Beyond Lithium ion Book
Author : Yun Li
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New rechargeable batteries beyond lithium-ion have attracted increasing interest due to their potential in commercializing various applications, including grid storage, electric vehicle (EV), etc. These new batteries hinge upon the respective storage/conversion mechanisms suitable for the particular application purposes. For instance, the stationary energy storage applications necessitate batteries to possess high cycling stability and, in some cases, high power densities, while high volumetric and gravimetric energy densities are critical for EV applications. Most importantly, all need to be cost competitive. Rechargeable zinc/manganese dioxide (Zn/MnO2) batteries are very promising for the stationary energy storage owing to their low cost, environmentally benign constituents, excellent safety, and relatively high energy density. Their usage, however, is largely hampered by the fast capacity fading. The complexity of the reactions has resulted in long-standing ambiguities of the capacity fading of Zn/MnO2 system. In this thesis, we find that both H+/Zn2+ intercalation and conversion reactions occur at different voltages in Zn/MnO2 and that the rapid capacity fading can clearly be ascribed to the rate-limiting and irreversible conversion reactions at a lower voltage. By limiting the irreversible conversion reactions, we successfully demonstrate ultrahigh power and long life that are superior to most of the reported zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) or even some lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). As for the application of batteries in the EV market, lithium/sulfur (Li/S) batteries hold great promise as the next-generation energy battery. Their practical application, however, is hindered by the rapid capacity fading associated with the dissolution of lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) into the organic electrolytes. By anchoring thiol (-SH) functional groups to the nonpolar surface of a mesoporous carbon host, we successfully impede these losses. This new strategy increases the surface polarity of conductive carbons and traps LiPSs inside cathodes. By utilizing various spectroscopic methods, we investigate the mechanisms of LiPS trapping, which originate from the electrostatic and covalent interactions of the thiol functional groups with Li+ from the electrolyte and with S from the LiPS chains. The fundamental insight on the thiol functionality suggests a further rational design of multifunctional interfaces to achieve better Li/S performance.

Government Reports Announcements

Government Reports Announcements Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972-10
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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